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Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

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Contents - Index

Thermophysical Functions

All built-in thermophysical property functions are listed below in alphabetical order. Not all of these functions

are applicable to all substances.

ACENTRICFACTOR

COMPRESSIBILITYFACTOR CONDUCTIVITY

CP CV DEBYE_T

DENSITY DEWPOINT DIPOLE

ELECTRICAL_RESISTIVITY EK_LJ EMISSIVITY

ENTHALPY

ENTHALPY_FORMATION ENTHALPY_FUSION

ENTHALPY_VAPORIZATION ENTROPY

FLUIDTYPE$

FREEZINGPT FUGACITY

HIGHERHEATINGVALUE

HUMRAT INTENERGY INTK

ISENTROPICEXPONENT ISIDEALGAS

ISOTHERMALCOMPRESS

KINEMATICVISCOSITY LINEAREXPCOEF

LOWERHEATINGVALUE

MASSFRACTION MOLARMASS

MOLARMASS_SOLN

NORMALBOILINGPT PHASE$ PRANDTL

PRESSURE P_CRIT POISSONSRATIO

P_SAT QUALITY RELHUM

SIGMA_LJ SOUNDSPEED SPECHEAT

SURFACETENSION TEMPERATURE T_CRIT

THERMALDIFFUSVITY TOTALTHERMALEXP

T_SAT

T_TRIPLE ULTIMATESTRESS

VISCOSITY

VOLUME V_CRIT VOLEXPCOEF

WETBULB YIELDSTRESS

YOUNGSMODULUS

The first argument of all built-in thermophysical property functions is the name of the substance. This

argument is a string that may be provided as a string constant (enclosing quote marks are optional) or a string

variable that contains the name of the fluid. The fluid may be any of the built-in fluids provided with EES, any

of ideal gas fluids provided with the NASA ideal gas data base, or any of the fluids in the Brine fluids or

Incompressible substances libraries. EES also allows User-Supplied Property Data.

Arguments are separated with the list separator character, which is a comma for the U.S. numerical format and

a semicolon for the European numerical format.

It may appear that some substances in the built-in property data base, e.g., N2 and Nitrogen, CO2 and

CarbonDioxide, H2O and Steam (or Water), are duplicated, but this is not true. Whenever a chemical symbol

notation (e.g., N2, CO2, CH4) is used, the substance is modeled as an ideal gas and the enthalpy and entropy

values are based on JANAF table references. The JANAF table reference for enthalpy is based on the

elements having a specific molar enthalpy value of 0 at 298 K (537 R). The entropy of these substances is

based on the Third Law of Thermodynamics. Whenever the substance name is spelled out (e.g., Steam (or

Water), Nitrogen, R12, CarbonDioxide, Methane, etc.) the substance is modeled as a real fluid with subcooled,

saturated, and superheated phases. Exceptions to this rule occur for Air and AirH2O, both of which are

modeled as ideal gases. AirH2O is the notation for air-water vapor mixtures, i.e., psychometrics. Additional

http://www.fchart.com/ees/eeshelp/thermophysical_functions.htm 12/11/2016

Thermophysical Functions Page 2 of 2

information concerning the methods, reference states, and ranges of applicability for the thermophysical

properties are provided in the manual.

All arguments in thermophysical property functions, aside from the substance name, are identified by a single

case-insensitive letter followed by an equal sign. Arguments must be separated with commas and may be in

any order, provided that the substance name is first. The value or algebraic expression representing the value

of the argument follows the equal sign. The letters that are recognized in function arguments and their

meaning are:

B= wet-bulb temperature (only for substance AIRH2O)

C=mass concentration in % (only for Brines)

D=dew-point temperature (only for substance AIRH2O)

H=specific enthalpy

P=pressure

Q=quality (only for NH3H2O. Use X for quality for real fluids)

R=relative humidity (only for substance AIRH2O)

S=specific entropy

T=temperature

U=specific internal energy

V=specific volume (=1/density)

W=humidity ratio (only for substance AIRH2O)

X=quality (for real fluids, mass fraction for NH3H2O, otherwise not applicable)

Many of the thermodynamic functions can take alternate sets of arguments. For example, the ENTHALPY

function for steam can be accessed with temperature and pressure as arguments; alternatively, the same

function could be accessed with entropy and quality as arguments. In general, any valid set of arguments can

be supplied for thermodynamic functions.

EES does not require the function argument to have a known value. For example:

h1 = ENTHALPY(Steam,T=T1,P=P1)

will return the value of h1 corresponding to known temperature and pressure, T1 and P1. If, however, the

value of h1 is known, but T1 is unknown, the same equation will return the appropriate value of the

temperature. Alternatively, the temperature could be found by:

T1 = TEMPERATURE(Steam,h=h1,P=P1)

The latter method is preferable in that the iterative calculations implemented for steam are less likely to have

convergence difficulty.

See also:

EES built-in fluid data base

NASA Ideal gas data base

http://www.fchart.com/ees/eeshelp/thermophysical_functions.htm 12/11/2016

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