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PHYSICS

Daily Practice Problems


Target IIT ENTRANCE 2014
Class:XI Discussion: 27-28/08/2012 Time: 45 Min. M.M.: 43 DPP. NO.-46
Q.1 A block of mass 10 kg is released on a fixed wedge inside a cart which is
moved with constant velocity 10 m/s towards right. Take initial velocity of
block with respect to cart zero. Then work done by normal reaction on
block in two second m ground frame will be: ( g = 10 m/s2) [3]
(A) zero (B) 960 J (C) 1200 J (D) none of these

Q.2 A man wishes to pull a crate 15m across a rough floor by exerting a force of 100 N. The coefficient of
kinetic friction is 0.25. For the man to do the maximum work, the angle between the force and the
horizontal should be: [3]
(A) 0 (B) 14 (C) 43 (D) 66

Q.3
A force of 3i 1.5j N acts on a 5 kg body. The body is at a position of 2i 3j m and is travelling at

4 ms1. The force acts on the body until it is at the position i 5 j m. Assuming no other force does
work on the body, the final speed of the body is [3]
(A) 20 ms1 (B) 10 ms1 (C) 20 ms1 (D) 10 ms1

Q.4 BlockAin the figure is released from rest when the extension in the spring is x0. K

The maximum downwards displacement of the block is [3]


Mg Mg 2Mg 2Mg
(A) x0 (B) x0 (C) x0 (D) x0 A M
2K 2K K K

Q.5 Two springs, S1 and S2 have negligible masses and the spring constant of S1 is
1/3 that of S2. When a block is hung from the springs as shown and the springs
come to equilibrium again, the ratio of the work done in stretching S1 to the
work done in stretching S2 is [3]
(A) 1/9 (B) 1/3 (C) 1 (D) 3

Q.6 Three elephants A, B and C are moving along a straight line with constant speed in same direction as
shown in figure. Speed ofAis 5 m/s and speed of C is 10 m/s. Initially separation betweenAand B is 'd'
and between B and C is also d. When 'B' catches 'C' separation between A and C becomes 3d. Then
the speed of B will be [3]
5 m/s u 10 m/s

A B C
d d
(A) 15 m/s (B) 7.5 m/s (C) 20 m/s (D) 5 m/s

Q.7 Figure shows three situations involving a plane that is not frictionless and a block sliding along the plane.
The block begins with the same speed in all three situations and slides until the kinetic frictional force has
stopped it. Rank the situations according to the increase in thermal energy due to the sliding (neglecting
losses to surrounding), in order taking the greatest first. [3]

(A) (ii), (i), (iii) (B) (iii), (i), (ii) (C) (ii), (iii), (i) (D) (iii), (ii), (i) PAGE # 1
Q.8 A particle of mass m is at rest in a train moving with constant velocity with respect to ground. Now the
particle is accelerated bya constant force F0 acting along the direction of motion of train for time t0.Agirl
in the train and a boy on the ground measure the work done by this force. Which of the following are
INCORRECT? [4]
(A) Both will measure the same work (B) Boywill measure higher value than the girl
(C) Girl will measure higher value than the boy
(D) Data are insufficient for the measurement of work done by the force F0
Q.9 An aircraft of mass m flies at a speed v and makes a turn of radius R. The air crafts bank angle should
be __________ with horizontal and the magnitude of the lifting force needed to perform the turn is
_______. Assume that lift is always directed perpendicular to the plane of the air craft wings.
(g = acceleration due to gravity) [5]
Q.10 A bead of mass m = 300 gm moves in gravity free region along a smooth fixed
ring of radius R = 2m. The bead is attached to a spring having natural length R
and spring constant k = 10 N/m. The other end of spring is connected to a fixed
6R
point O on the ring. AB = . Line OB is diameter
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of ring. Find
(a) Speed of bead at A if normal reaction on bead due to ring at A is zero
(b) The rate of change in speed at this instant. [5]

Q.11 A block of mass M is suspended from a massless ideal spring of spring constant k. The coordinate system
is defined so that yis directed verticallyupwards and y= 0 when the spring is at its natural (i.e., unstretched)
length. The mass is first positioned at y= 0, and then lowered gentlyuntil it is hanging freelyfrom the spring.
[5]
(a) What is the value of yeq, the coordinate of the point at which the block comes to rest?
(b) When the block comes to rest, what is its gravitational potential energy Ug,
compared to its value when the block was at y = 0?
(c) When the block comes to rest, what is the potential energy Us stored in the
spring, compared to its value when the block was at y = 0?
(d) As the block was lowered from y = 0 to its equilibrium position,
(i) What was the total work done on the block?
(ii) What was the work done by gravity?
(iii) What was the work done by the spring force?
(iv) Was there any other agent that did work on the block? If so, what was it,
and how much work did it do?
(e) If instead of being lowered gently the mass had simply been released from rest at y = 0 and allowed to
fall under the combined effects of gravity and the spring force, at what speed would it be moving when
it crosses y = yeq?
Q.12 Consider a disc rotating in the horizontal plane with a constant angular
speed about its center O. The disc has a shaded region on one side
of the diameter and an unshaded region on the other side as shown in R
the figure. When the disc is in the orientation as shown, two pebbles P y
and Q are simultaneouslyprojected at an angle towards R. The velocity Q
of projection is in the y-z plane and is same for both pebbles with x
O
respect to the disc. Assume that (i) they land back on the disc before
the disc has completed 1/8 rotation, (ii) their range is less than half the
disc radius, and (iii) remains constant throughout. Then [JEE-2012] P
(A) P lands in the shaded region and Q in the unshaded region [3]
(B) P lands in the unshaded region and Q in the shaded region
(C) Both P and Q land in the unshaded region (D) Both P and Q land in the shaded region
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PHYSICS
Daily Practice Problems
Target IIT ENTRANCE 2014
Class:XI Discussion: 29-30/08/2012 Time: 40 Min. M.M.: 39 DPP. NO.-47
Q.1 An potential energy curve U(x) is shown in the figure.
What value must the mechanical energy Emec of the
particle not exceed, if the particle is to be trapped within
the region shown in graph? [3]
(A) 3 J
(B) 5 J
(C) 6 J
(D) 8 J

Q.2 A system comprises of two small spheres with same masses 'm'. The spring is non deformed. The
spheres are set in motion in gravity free space at the velocities as shown in the diagram. [3]
v0 0
v0
m k m
The maximum elastic potential Energy stored in the system is.
mv 02 1
(A) (B) mv02 (C) mv 02 (D) 2mv02
2 2 2

Q.3 Power delivered to a body varies as P = 3t2. Find out the change in kinetic energy of the body from t = 2
to t = 4 sec. [3]
(A) 12 J (B) 56 J (C) 24 J (D) 36 J

Q.4 Amotor lifts a block of mass 20 kg at uniform speed 2 m/s.At what speed a block of 30 kg is raised up
by the same motor : [3]
(A) 0.75 m/s (B) 1.33 m/s (C) 0.66 m/s (D) 1.5 m/s

Q.5 Aball is projected vertically up with an initial velocity. Which of the following graphs represents the KE
of the ball? [3]

(A) (B) (C) (D)

Q.6 Two blocks of masses m1= 1kg and m2 = 2kg are connected by a non - deformed light spring. They are
lying on a rough horizontal surface. The coefficient of friction between the blocks and the surface is 0.4.
What minimum constant force F has to be applied in horizontal direction to the block of mass m1 in order
to shift the other block? ( g = 10m/s2) [3]
(A) 8 N (B) 15 N (C) 10 N (D) 12 N

Q.7 As shown in the diagram below a student exerts an average force of 600
newton on a rope to lift a 50.0-kilogram crate a vertical distance of 3.00
meters. Compared to the work done by the student, the
gravitational potential energy gained by the crate is (g = 9.8 m/s2) [3]
(A) exactly the same (B) 330 J less (C) 330 J more (D) 150 J more

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Q.8 The acceleration of a particle which moves along the positive x-axis
varies with its position as shown. If the velocity of the particle is 0.8
m/s at x = 0 , the velocity of the particle at x = 1.4 is(in m/s) [3]
(A) 1.6 (B) 1.2
(C) 1.4 (D) none of these

Q.9 A spring having a relaxed length Lo = 25cm has a block attached to one
end, while the other end is attached to a ceiling as shown.Aperson slowly k, L0
lowers the block a distance d until the block just hangs without moving, as
shown in the second diagram. Which statements below are true? [4] m
(Mark ALL that apply. Use k = 2N/cm and m = 600g.)
d
(A) The distance d is 6cm.

(B) The potential energy stored in the spring when the block is simply hanging from it is 0.09J.

(C) The change in gravitational potential energy of the Earth-block system is 0.18J.

(D) The decrease in gravitational potential energy is equal (in magnitude) to the increase in potential
energy stored in the spring.
Q.10 The potential energy of a 200 gm particle free to move along the x-axis is given by
x2
V(x) = 2 x J

The total mechanical energy of the particle is 2 J. Then find the maximum speed (in m/s). [5]

Q.11 Match the physical situation on the left with the graph on the right. The graphs depict the variation of
total energy (E), potential energy (U) and kinetic energy (KE) with time. [6]
Column I Column II

E
(A ) A mass attached to an unstretched ideal spring. KE
Released in vertical plane from rest until it reaches U
its maximum extension. (P)

E
U
(B) An object undergoing free fall. (Q)
KE

E
U

(C) An object being pulled on a level, frictionless surface (R)


by a constant force in the horizontal direction. KE

E
(S) KE
U

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PHYSICS
Daily Practice Problems
Target IIT ENTRANCE 2014
Class:XI Discussion: 31-01/08-09/2012 Time: 45 Min. M.M.: 42 DPP. NO.-48
Q.1 A ball is thrown horizontal from the top of a tower 40 m high. The ball strikes the ground at a point 80 m
from the bottom of the tower. Find the angle that the velocityvector makes with the horizontal just before
the ball hits the ground. [3]
(A) 45 (B) 90 (C) 37 (D) 53

Q.2 Aparticle is moving along a circular path as shown in the figure below. The instantaneous velocity of the

particle is : v ( 4m / s) i (3m / s)j . The particle is moving through ______quadrant if it is travelling
clockwise and through ______quadrant if it is travelling anticlockwise, respectivelyaround the circle.[3]
Y

II I

III IV

(A) First, First (B) First, Second (C) First, Third (D) Third, First

Q.3 Ablock of mass 'm' is released from rest at pointA. The compression in spring,
when the speed of block is maximum [3]
mg sin 2mg sin
(A) (B)
k k
mg cos mg
(C) (D)
k k

x 3 5x 2
Q. 4 Potential energy of a particle is U = + 4x 3. If it is not experiencing any other force, then find
3 2
position where it is in stable equilibrium [3]
(A) x = 1 (B) x = 1 (C) x = 4 (D) none

Q.5 The potential energy function for the force between two atoms in a diatomic molecule is given by
a b
U(x) = 12 6
x x
Where a and b are positive constants and x is the distance between the atoms. How much minimum
energy must be supplied to separate the two atoms. [3]
2a 2 b b2 b2
(A) (B) 2 (C) (D)
b 2a 4a 4a


Q.6 A force F = (3t i 5j) N acts on a body due to which its displacement varies as s ( 2 t 2 i 5j) . Work
ork
done by this force in t = 0 to 2 sec is: [3]
(A) 23 J (B) 32 J (C) zero (D) cant be obtained.
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Q.7 A particle is subjected to a conservative force as seen in the graphs, which of the following are correct.
[4]
F U

a b c
x x
1 2 3

(A) Particle is in stable equilibrium at point 3 and b.


(B) Particle is in neutral equilibrium at point b and 2.
(C) No power is delivered by the force to the particle at 1,3, and b.
(D) Particle has maximum kinetic energy at position b.

Q.8 Aparticle of mass m is moving along a straight line under the influence of conservative force such that its
velocity v varies with displacement x from a fixed point as v2 = x2 where and are constants.
Considering that fixed point as reference zero for potential energy, find the total energy of the particle at
any instant t. [5]

Q.9 Aring of mass m slides on a smooth vertical rod.Alight string is attached to the ring
and is passing over a smooth peg distant a from the rod, and at the other end of the
string is a mass M (> m). The ring is held on a level with the peg and released :
Show that it first comes to rest after falling a distance: [5]

Q.10 Two identical cubes of mass 1.5M each are kept almost touching the faces on a smooth horizontal
surface. On top of them we neatly placed a smooth ball of mass M, which begins to move vertically
downwards, pushing the cubes sideways. Find the velocity of the ball (in m/s) just before impact on the
horizontal surface. The initial velocity of the ball is negligible. Radius of the ball is 5 m, side of Cube 2.5
m. [5]

Q.11 Figure shows a block of mass m = 1kg connected with a spring of force constant K = 10 N/m. When
spring is unstretched a constant force of magnitude F = 10 N is exerted by an external agent as shown in
figure. What is total mechanical energy of spring block system at equilibrium position. [5]

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