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2017



2, 2017

ISSN: 2529-1173

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24, 10434
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:


.
, ( ) .

site 04/10/2017.

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46
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2012:1
2012:2
2012:3
2012:4
2013:1
2013:2
2013:3
2013:4
2014:1
2014:2
2014:3
2014:4
2015:1
2015:2
2015:3
2015:4
2016:1
2016:2
2016:3
2016:4
2017:1

,

,

. ,
,

.

.

,
(
) . (.
5.3) 44,9% 2010 74%
2017.
(
)
.
.
55
5.3:

80

70
%

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
2008:1
2008:2
2008:3
2008:4
2009:1
2009:2
2009:3
2009:4
2010:1
2010:2
2010:3
2010:4
2011:1
2011:2
2011:3
2011:4
2012:1
2012:2
2012:3
2012:4
2013:1
2013:2
2013:3
2013:4
2014:1
2014:2
2014:3
2014:4
2015:1
2015:2
2015:3
2015:4
2016:1
2016:2
2016:3
2016:4
2017:1
2017:2
:

, 2017
55,5%
15-19 .
2013, 73,1%. ,
20-24 42,1%,
25-29 30,1%, 30-44
20,3%, 45-64 17,1%
65 11,3%.

5.1:
2010 2017

12% 21%

15-19 37% 56%

20-24 31% 42%

25-29 18% 30%

30-44 11% 20%

45-64 8% 17%

65 + 1% 11%

56
,
( 5.2).
, 2017
25,4%, 17,7%.
15-19
66,1%, 44,4%. ,

, .

5.2:

15-19 44,4% 66,1%

20-24 38,6% 45,9%

25-29 25,1% 36,1%

30-44 16,2% 25,1%

45-64 14,9% 19,9%

65 + 11,7% 10,9%

,
2017,

(29,3%),
(14,3%).

(26,2%), (25,4%) (23,2%). ,

,
.

,
,
16,2%,

57
25,3% 23,3%.

,
, ,
.

( 5.3)
2017
2010,
645,1 ,
(89,6 ),
(122,3 ), (179,1 ) (122,1
). , ()
(4,4 ),
(68,7 ),
(15,6 ) , (6 ).
,
,

,
, .
,
,
.

5.3:
'
2010 2017

4,436.50 3,791.40 -645,1 -14,5%

. , 546.6 457 -89,6 -16,4%

. 13 12.8 -0,2 -1,5%

. 482.5 360.2 -122,3 -25,3%

. , , 27.3 31.7 4,4 16,1%

32.2 27.3 -4,9 -15,2%


. , ,

58

. 328.2 149.1 -179,1 -54,6%

. ,
806 683.9 -122,1 -15,1%

. 203.7 189.1 -14,6 -7,2%

. 306.5 375.2 68,7 22,4%

. 89.4 87.9 -1,5 -1,7%

. 116.3 94.6 -21,7 -18,7%

. 6.5 4.2 -2,3 -35,4%

. , 217.2 206.3 -10,9 -5,0%

. 75.3 90.9 15,6 20,7%

. , 373.3 331.9 -41,4 -11,1%

. 332.3 295.2 -37,1 -11,2%

. 249.4 225.3 -24,1 -9,7%

. , 49.3 55.3 6 12,2%

. 88.1 74.6 -13,5 -15,3%

. 91.9 37.6 -54,3 -59,1%

. 1.5 1.4 -0,1 -6,7%


( 5.4), : ,

( ..),
. ,
(
). ,
( ..),
. ,

.

59
5.4:
40%

35%


30%

25%

20%

15%


10%

, ,
5%


0%
2011:1
2011:2
2011:3
2011:4
2012:1
2012:2
2012:3
2012:4
2013:1
2013:2
2013:3
2013:4
2014:1
2014:2
2014:3
2014:4
2015:1
2015:2
2015:3
2015:4
2016:1
2016:2
2016:3
2016:4
2017:1
2017:2

5.1


,
. ,
(-)
2017,
(47,86%) (13,81%) .

. -
2016,
397,67 . ,

.
, EU-SILC 2015 34,7%
42,13%

60
.

.

5.4
36 2010-2016
: , ,
18,1%. ,
,
.
,
, . ,
,
, . ,
. ,
17,8%, 19,8%
19,9%.

5.4: (2010-2016)
2010 2016

954.46 781.79 -18,1%

. , 750.24 584.17 -22,1%

. 1169.92 1050.5 -10,2%

. 1017.11 836.31 -17,8%

. , , 1179.6 1046.67 -11,3%

. , , 961.77 838.69 -12,8%

. 964.08 773.18 -19,8%

. , 909.53 728.31 -19,9%

. 1244.26 1141.94 -8,2%

. 846.47 634.85 -25,0%

. 1198.91 1024.87 -14,5%

. 1287.01 1111.13 -13,7%

36
.
61
. 838.88 835.59 -0,4%

. , 997.54 861.56 -13,6%

. 824.1 662.26 -19,6%

. , - - -

. 895.39 629.67 -29,7%

. 949.08 789.84 -16,8%

. , 944.59 664.6 -29,6%

. 785.09 643.58 -18,0%

. 605.73 482.34 -20,4%

:
: .


. 5.5.

, , ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
, . ,
, ,

.

5.5: (2010-2016)



2010 2016 2010 2016

286,4 363,1 26,8% 6,5% 9,9% 3,4%
. , 64,4 41,2 -36,0% 11,8% 9,1% -2,8%
. - - - - - -
. 14 23 64,3% 3,0% 6,6% 3,6%
. ,
, - - - - - -

. ,
, - - - - - -
. 19,8 24,1 21,7% 6,2% 16,4% 10,2%
. ,
43,9 70,3 60,1% 5,5% 10,7% 5,2%

62
. 3,4 6,5 91,2% 1,6% 3,5% 1,9%
.
28,4 61 114,8% 9,2% 17,9% 8,7%
. 3 5,2 73,3% 3,4% 6,4% 3,0%
.
- - - - - -
. - - - - - -
. ,
12,4 16,4 32,3% 5,7% 8,1% 2,4%
.
8,2 15,3 86,6% 10,9% 17,3% 6,4%
. ,
4,7 2,7 -42,6% 1,3% 0,8% -0,5%
. 33,6 38,5 14,6% 10,4% 13,0% 2,6%
.
8,3 16,4 97,6% 3,4% 7,5% 4,1%
. ,
6,5 11,3 73,8% 13,2% 22,8% 9,6%
.
8,8 10,3 17,0% 9,9% 15,3% 5,4%
.
23,9 17,4 -27,2% 26,3% 43,4% 17,1%
:

5.5

2010-2016.

,
, .

5.5:
(2010-2016)
20%

15%

10%

5%

0%

-5%
-35% -30% -25% -20% -15% -10% -5% 0%

63
6.



.
.


.

. ,


.

,

. ,

2009-2016.


.

6.1
2009-2016.

28,2%.
7,9% 2016 15,8%
, 20%
- 2020 (EC, 2012).
,
5,0% 2,4% ( 52%).

64


14,7%, 2016 10% .

. ,
,
2016 16% (17% ),
9% (11,4% ) 2009-
2016.


.

6.1: (%) (2009-2016)


2009 2012 2014 2016 2009-2016

, 3,14% 3,66% 3,72% 4,02% 28,25%

17,13% 16,21% 15,94% 15,77% -7,93%

8,54% 9,10% 9,50% 9,80% 14,70%

4,97% 3,44% 2,50% 2,38% -52,04%

79,74% 80,13% 80,35% 80,21% 0,59%

, , 24,21% 22,30% 23,93% 24,49% 1,17%

4,03% 3,27% 3,33% 3,43% -14,98%

4,60% 4,97% 4,87% 4,70% 2,23%

13,91% 19,13% 18,31% 17,69% 27,18%

, , 6,34% 5,14% 4,81% 4,80% -24,23%

, , 22% 21,26% 21,02% 21,05% -4,31%

, , ,
4,65% 4,07% 4,07% 4,04% -13,06%

: Eurostat ( )

65

80%,
2009-2016 0,59%.
,
, ,
(-24,3%) , ,
, (-13%).
,

(2,2%) , ,
(1,2%),
. ,

.
,

. ,
.


.


. 6.2
12,9%,
. 37
,
17,5% (
).

37
( )
,
, .
.
66
, 42,4%,
, ,
45,7%.



. , ,
13,8%,
14,5% 8,6%.

6.2: (%)
(2009-2016)

2009 2012 2014 2016 2009-2016

( ) 18,11 16,30 16,29 15,77 -12,93%

, 5,85 7,21 6,90 6,65 13,77%

18,57 20,87 20,33 20,29 9,31%

18,73 18,82 19,36 20,34 8,61%

12,10 15,97 13,95 13,85 14,51%

( ) 19,84 16,81 17,08 16,37 -17,46%

, , 15,11 12,47 13,10 12,44 -17,62%

46,93 32,54 29,91 27,05 -42,37%

46,08 39,65 44,08 44,10 -4,29%

, , 18,56 12,64 10,89 10,07 -45,71%

, , 24,62 24,12 24,34 23,45 -4,76%

, , ,
15,99 11,82 12,58 13,11 -18,02%

: Eurostat ( )


2009-2016.
,


.

67

,
.

,
.
.

.
6.1,
2009, 38
31,5% ,
(23,3%). ,
91,8%
. ,
, 2009-
2011

, 22,6%. ,

, (-66,4%)
(-30,9%).

38 ,
25,3%, 28,7%.
68
6.1:
(, 2009-2016, 2010, . )
16000

14000

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

0
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016




(ICT)

: Eurostat ( )



().39 6.3

-0,5% (-8,3% ),

13,4%,
.
, , ,

29,5%
18,1% . ,
.

39 . (2015).
69
6.3:
(2009-2016)

2009 2012 2014 2016 2009-2016

( ) 0,722 0,767 0,710 0,719 -0,49%

, 0,878 0,648 0,611 0,619 -29,50%

0,594 0,570 0,564 0,546 -8,02%

0,638 0,612 0,552 0,523 -18,08%

0,624 0,605 0,695 0,612 -1,96%

( ) 0,705 0,772 0,697 0,716 1,59%

, , 0,662 0,781 0,666 0,689 4,20%

0,365 0,516 0,483 0,526 44,21%

0,630 0,634 0,482 0,496 -21,36%

, , 0,594 0,910 0,915 0,936 57,43%

, , 0,737 0,688 0,634 0,638 -13,46%

, ,
0,660 0,722 0,737 0,766 15,98%
,

: Eurostat ( )


, .
,

. ,
40
, ,


.
.

6.2 2009
2016 .

40 . (2016) (2017).
70

, , ..,
7,1%,
, 0,4%.
,
, ,
, 0,9%.

,
,
3,4%.

(-3,5%), .

,

( ), .
:

, .

.

71
6.2:
(, 2009 2016)
19,73%
,
20,60%

6,68%

6,30%

27,14%

20,00%

10,78%

12,76%

23,28%

26,77%

10,23%

11,60%

2,15%

1,95%

0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30%

2016 2009

: Eurostat ( )

,

,
.41
,
.


, ,
..,
(. OECD
2014).

41 (
NACE): (01-03), (C10-C18,
C31-31), (C19, C22-C25, C33),
(C20, C27-C30), (C21, C26),
(B, D, E36-E39, F),
(G45-G47, H49-H53, I, L, N77-82), (J58-J63,
K64-K66, M69-75) (O, P, Q86-Q88, R90-R93, S94-S96, T).
72
.
,


. ,
( , ),

(. Paitaridis, 2017),
.
,
(OECD, 2014)
,
, .
,
(OECD, 2011).

6.3

2009 2015,
.
( 77,7% 75,6%)
( 6,4% 7%)
( 15,9% 17,3%). ,

,
12,7%
77,4%. ,
(-16%) (-29,8%). ,

, ,
,
.

73

,
41,6% 43,4%.

,
9,3% 15,2% (+63,8%),
32,3%
28,2% (-12,80%).

6.3:
, (2009 2015)

7,07%

6,39%

3,18%

2,82%

7,25%

4,09%

0,93%

1,10%

0,80%

1,15%

5,17%

6,79%

28,17%

32,31%

15,23%

9,30%

32,20%

36,06%

0% 10% 20% 30% 40%

2015 2009

: Eurostat ( )

, 6.2 6.3


.
,

.

74
,
, ,
, ,
. ,


.

,


.



(UNIDO, 2015).



.

,
.
-
- .


.
,
.

.
.
75

(2017).
2017, .
, . (2017).
, , 19 .
(2017). : - 2017, 2017.
(2017).
, 1 2017, , 20 .
, . , . (2017).

;, , .., , .
, . (.), :
, ,
: .
(2015). ,
2015, .
(2016). ,
2016, .
(2016). ,
2016, .
(2017). ,
2017, .
, . (2015).
, 42,
,
.
(2017). 2016-2017, ,
, .
(2017).
, , , .
(2017).
2018-2021, ,
.

Alstadster, A., Johannesen, N. and Zucman, G. (2017). Who owns the


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77
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78
79
ISSN: 2529-1173