You are on page 1of 66

A Special Guide

Your Secret To Making 6% - 20% Profits... In VVeeks!
- By Apurva Sheth


July, 23 2017
1. Preface 2
2. Section 1: Getting started with Technicals 5
What moves the markets? 6
Fundamentals & Technicals: The Best of both worlds 9
The 3 Basic Components of Technical Analysis 11
Basic Elements of Charting 15
The secret to choosing the perfect chart time frame 20
This common charting error can cost you dearly 26
3. Section 2: Trend Analysis
What’s your view on the markets? 29
Your ‘Stepping Stone’ in Technicals 31
A good start is half the battle 35
4. Section 3: Supports & Resistances
Feeling Let Down By the Technical Analysis Calls on TV? Read this… 41
Where to expect Supports & Resistances? 46
Trading Range Bound stocks 51
Reduce. Reuse. Recycle 56
5. Section 4: How I generated 6% to 20% returns… 61
6. Conclusion 66

© Equitymaster Agora Research Private Limited

103, Regent Chambers, Above Status Restaurant, Nariman Point, Mumbai - 400 021. India.
Telephone: 91-22-6143 4055. Fax: 91-22-2202 8550. Email:
Website: CIN:U74999MH2007PTC175407

Image Source: Shai_Halud/

Equitymaster Agora Research Private Ltd (Equitymaster) is the owner of the copyright in this Guide. The readers are requested to
note that this Guide is only meant for personal use of the Subscribers of Equitymaster. Any act of copying, reproducing or
distributing this Guide whether wholly or in part, for any purpose without the permission of Equitymaster is strictly prohibited and
shall be deemed to be copyright infringement.

This Guide is for information purposes and is not providing any professional/investment advice through it and Equitymaster disclaims
warranty of any kind, whether express or implied, as to any matter/content contained in this Guide, including without limitation the
implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Information contained in this Guide is believed to be
reliable but Equitymaster does not warrant its completeness or accuracy. Equitymaster will not be responsible for any loss or liability
incurred by the user as a consequence of his taking any investment decisions based on the contents of this Guide. Use of this Guide is
at the user’s own risk. The user must make his own investment decisions based on his specific investment objective and financial
position and using such independent advisors as he believes necessary.

Hi, I am Apurva Sheth.

I would like to congratulate you on taking your first step towards learning the art and science of
short-term trading in stocks.

I am confident that this is going to be an extremely knowledgeable and profitable journey for you.

By joining me today and reading this guide, I believe that you have already taken the most critical
step of your journey… i.e. understanding the immense money-making potential that lies in this
investing approach and willingness to spend some time and effort to learn the tricks of trade.

Over the course of this guide, you will learn the basics of technical analysis, charting, and even
understand why a particular stock price moves in one direction rather than the other… amongst
other things.

My goal will be to equip you with all the tools and techniques that professional traders utilize to
book quick profits from the stock market so that you could book regular profits across all market
conditions too.

Yes, irrespective of what you might’ve heard, I strongly believe technical analysis is one of the most
lucrative investment strategies out there!

And as you have decided to join me on this journey, I take it as my responsibility to teach you
everything that I have learned over the years.

I’ve already done all the work for you and have distilled all the knowledge into this guide in a simple
and easy to understand language.

So, do go through each and every word of this guide and I’m confident that you can become a
better, more knowledgeable and independent trader.

And here’s what I promise…

If you read through this guide in detail and learn all the techniques I’ll be sharing with you in the
next few pages, I see absolutely no reason why you can’t book 6% - 20% profits in a matter of


Okay, now I understand that’s a high claim and you might doubt on whether you can achieve that

But trust me when I say that it takes just a few minutes every week to become an independent and
wealthy trader.

I have personally done it before and now I’m going to share everything with you!

Of course, we’re going to have ups and downs… but rest assured I’m here to guide you every step
of the way!

Why me?

Okay, this is a tough task without sounding pompous…

But it needs to be done.

So, as you must know by now, I am a certified Chartered Market Technician and a member of
Market Technician Association (USA).

I have previously guided professionals at banks, mutual funds, insurance companies and even
foreign institutional investors (FIIs) make quick profits from the stock market by following the exact
same strategy I’m revealing to you today.

And the only reason I’m doing this is because I want you and other professional traders to be on a
level playing field when it comes to booking short term trading profits.

If you’re willing to put in some effort from your end to learn this investment approach, I can assure
that this will be the most lucrative investment strategy you could’ve ever seen.

So, without further ado and with all my best wishes for a wealthy trading future…

Let’s Begin!

Section 1 - Getting started with Technicals
Most retail traders lose money in the markets, that’s not the end of it. They keep on losing money
in the markets. And that’s what worries me the most.

Despite consistently losing money they still continue to trade in the same way they used to do
earlier - trading based on tips, rumors, HOS (Heard on the Street) messages forwarded by their
friends on Watsapp groups.

I don’t want to mention those annoying calls/SMS from shady sources ‘Guarantying’ sure shot
returns. Many of you might well have fallen prey to such services. You may have lost your hard-
earned money to such tricksters as well.

But despite all this why didn’t you ever think of using a scientific approach that has been proven for
years. Mind you this approach that I am talking about is not a latest fad or something but it’s a
proven, tried and tested methodology which has been validated by various studies done over the

So let me begin with a question….

What Moves The Markets?
It might seem very basic but let me tell you where all learning comes from – by asking basic

So, what do you think moves the markets?

Why do the stock prices change so frequently when nothing appears to have changed on the

Why does the price change every second, every minute and every day?

You must be considering answers like quarterly results sales, better profits, product launch, PE or
PB multiple, etc. as your reasons for this movement. But do you think that’s always the case?

Often we see stock prices move lower even after so-called ‘good results’, or see it moving up
despite ‘bad results’. How does one justify such movements?

Are there any universal laws which can help us determine whether the prices of any financial
security will rise or fall?

Well, we do have two principles that can guide us in this aspect.

1. More buyers than sellers at a given price, and

2. More enthusiasm amongst buyers than sellers
Any product, service, commodity, currency, or security that satisfies these two conditions will see
its price rise.

I think it’s pretty simple and none of us would doubt or question the validity of these principles.

But, how do we know whether there are more buyers than sellers and measure the extent of their

A simple way to find this out is to ASK & OBSERVE.

Have you ever noticed how things happen when someone is buying groceries? A transaction begins
as follows:

Lady: What is the price of this vegetable?

Shopkeeper: Rs 100/kg

Lady: Rs 100 is too much, I will pay only Rs 80.

Shopkeeper: Rs 80 doesn’t work for me…You can check around with what others are offering and
come back if you want it at Rs 95.

Depending on the demand-supply situation the lady either accepts the offer or rejects it. In case of
rejection the lady moves to another shop owner and repeats the same process until she gets the
price she wants or agrees to pay the price that is asked for by the shop owners.

Observing this transaction gives us lot of insight about which side is more enthusiastic about buying
or selling the goods respectively.

This gives us further indication on the direction in which prices are likely to move.

But this is possible only if buyers and sellers are limited in number. We cannot of course ask each
and every participant or observe every transaction that takes place in financial markets.

Then what could be the ideal solution to this problem when tracking equities or any other asset

One could consider End of Day (EOD) prices when all ‘fighting’ has stopped.

EOD prices are the best estimate, as traders agree upon that price before taking an overnight

However, how does one record, remember and analyse so much of price data that is generated
day-in day-out across markets.

And that’s where charts come into the picture.

Drawing price charts is easier and more informative than simply writing or recording numbers.
Charts show things that numbers cannot like patterns, trends, change in trends, and seasonality.
For example the Nifty chart attached below shows three trends that prevailed after topping out in

January 2008 i.e. downtrend till October 2008, sideways till March 2009 and uptrend till November

Nifty Price Chart showing 3 clear trends

Source: Spider Software India

The old Chinese proverb ‘a picture is worth a thousand words’ is best suited to describe usefulness
of charts.

All throughout this guide I will show you how charts can add a different dimension to our trading
and investment analysis. I will make sure that it is less tedious and passively even more profitable
to learn and earn along with charts.

Fundamentals & Technicals: The Best of both worlds
Prices are determined more by the attitude of market participants to the emerging fundamentals
than by fundamentals themselves.

Now let us break this statement down for better understanding.

“Prices” - refers to the price of all financial securities like equities, bonds, currencies and

“are determined more by” - will be affected ‘more’ by (and not only by)

”the attitude of market participants” - market participants refers to everyone who is ‘in the market’
buying or selling securities at a given moment, plus everyone who is not in the market but might be
if conditions were right. This means the stock market is potentially anyone with personal savings.
All price movements in stock markets is attributed to these people’s attitude. And that is a result of
their collective emotions and psychology. Two primal human emotions which rule the financial
markets are fear at one extreme and greed at the other.

“to the emerging fundamentals than by fundamentals themselves” - people’s perception of the
fundamentals supersedes the actual fundamentals.

Many misinterpret this and think that fundamentals of a stock are not important for the price.

No! That’s not the case. Fundamentals will always remain important for the stock. But that is not
what a technician is bothered about.

Fundamentals are the cause and price movement is its effect.

Technicians believe that the effect is more important than the cause, and so devote more of their
time studying price action over other things.

We have already seen that there can be numerous factors affecting stock prices. And ascertaining
the extent of their net impact on stock prices would be very difficult for an individual investor. So it
makes sense for you to devote some energy to study price action.

I often see my friends or colleagues getting into an argument over which one is a better approach
while making money from stocks fundamentals or technicals.

I think the whole argument here is flawed.

It should be Fundamentals and Technicals rather than Fundamentals v/s Technicals.

Why should we accept one and reject other. When we can have the best of both.

A marriage of both will work wonders. In fact, I believe in combining both and bringing the best of
both worlds together.

One strategy which I follow during the quarterly results season is keep a track of stocks that are
coming out with good numbers. Once the initial frenzy is over, these stocks normally consolidate
for a while. I look out for opportunities when such a stock in “consolidation” phase could breakout.
This approach enables me to get into a fundamentally strong stock at the right moment.

Any approach which may tell you with a high degree of confidence about the likely future of the
market shouldn’t be neglected. And technicals definitely help you with that.

The 3 Basic Components of Technical Analysis
“Our youth now love luxury. They have bad manners, contempt for authority; they show disrespect
for their elders and love chatter in place of exercise; they no longer rise when elders enter the
room; they contradict their parents, chatter before company; gobble up their food and tyrannize
their teachers.”

I am sure each one of you must have come across similar lines at one point or other.

Those of you who have grown-up children may have said the same things to them. Our
grandparents may have similar opinion about today’s generation. But have you ever wondered
when this statement was first recorded?

Any guesses on the year?

No, it’s not today… and not even 20 years back. You have to go back very far away in history to
trace it. It is 2,400 years ago that the great philosopher Socrates (469 BC–399 BC) made this

Amazed, perplexed, bemused, shocked?

I’m sure you are.

But that’s the way it is. Human nature and emotions remain the same irrespective of the era one is

People were greedy and fearful even a hundred years back as much as they are now.

These emotions have ruled mankind ever since the first human walked on this earth and will remain
so until the last person alive. People always tend to react in a similar fashion. It is this similarity that
leads to the formation of identifiable price patterns over and over again.

Technicians have developed descriptions of emotional patterns that are reflected in price action
that tends to repeat over time. (If this weren’t true, all technical analysts and charting service
providers would have been out of business long back.)

If I were to sum up this aspect, “history repeats itself” is what comes to my mind. It is the first basic
premise of Technical Analysis.

Second is "market action discounts everything".

This means anything that can possibly affect the price fundamentally, politically, psychologically, or
otherwise - is actually reflected in the current price. A study of price action reflects all the shifts in
supply and demand. If demand exceeds supply, prices should rise. If supply exceeds demand, prices
should fall. This action is the basis of all economic and fundamental forecasting.

A technician then turns this statement around to arrive at a conclusion that if prices are rising, for
whatever specific reasons, demand must exceed supply and fundamentals must be bullish. If prices
fall, then fundamentals must be bearish.

The third premise is that “prices move in trends”. The whole purpose of charting price action is to
identify trends in early stages of their development for the purpose of trading in the direction of
those trends. A trend once established will continue in the same direction until it reverses.

Now having understood the basic premise of Technical Analysis, let me just show you in a simplistic
format what it is comprised of. The picture below shows three subjects that combine to form
Technical Analysis.

Components of Technical Analysis

It’s an easy trick to tell whether you would like Technical Analysis or not.

If you liked all the three fields at school or college then you would like Technical Analysis as well.
But don’t worry if you were bad at any of these. I was bad in geometry at school but still fared well
at Technical Analysis (in our journey I will tell you all about my successes and, more importantly,
failures). You can also develop a liking for the subject if you are willing to learn.

The most important component of all is Psychology. It strives to find answers to why people feel,
think and act the way they do.

I had explained how a simple transaction of buying groceries takes place earlier. We know that the
degree by which buyers and sellers decide to raise or lower their prices, directly affects the
transaction price. Wouldn't it be a plus if we could tell which side is in a better position to hold
command over the prices? Such an observation would reveal a lot about the anticipated price
shifts. And that’s what we are concerned about in Technical Analysis.

The process of plotting trendlines, identifying chart patterns and naming them such as rectangles
and triangles draws the link between technical analysis and geometry.

A technical indicator is actually a mathematical formula that is first computed and then plotted on
a chart. Moving Averages are the simplest form of indicators which are derived mathematically.
Other methods like projecting targets from a pattern, computing Fibonacci projections and
retracements are all form of mathematical calculations.

I think by now you must be clear how all three are inter-related and how they apply to TA.

Now that you have thoroughly understood the philosophy behind technical analysis, I’m sure all of
you are keen to see how it actually works.

Basic Elements of Charting
I am sure that you have thoroughly understood the basic philosophy behind technical analysis.

You may be excited to learn more about charts and start trading with the new found knowledge
that you have gained. But, let me tell you that I have made far more mistakes than anyone else out
of excitement and burnt my fingers. And I don’t want you to go through the same pain that I have
been through.

So, instead of jumping straight to techniques of trading I will first speak to you about chart
construction. To those who are new to this field a basic understanding of chart construction will
give you a solid foundation before moving on to higher concepts. For those who are familiar with
charting, spending a few minutes to brush up your basics is not a bad deal, huh?

We start right from the basics. The 2 basic elements that you will find on a technical analyst’s chart
are: price and volume.

Layout of a Basic Chart

(4) Price Value

(5) Indicator Value

Source: Spider Software India

This is what a basic technical chart looks like. It is ideally divided in two parts.

The upper part is where (1) price data is plotted while the lower half is where (2) indicator is

In most cases you will find volume plotted below the price.

On the top left corner of the chart you will find the (3) name of the ticker alongside other details
like open, high, low, close and % change compared to the previous period.

The (4) price and (5) indicator values are plotted on the Y axis placed on the right hand side.

The (6) Indicator name is visible on the left hand side below the ticker in a new panel.

The (7) date or time are plotted on the X axis.

Also note that the (8) time frame that is chosen for charting price is mentioned at the bottom of the
chart alongside X axis in the rightmost corner.

Dly for daily, Wkl for weekly, Mon for monthly.

I hope that was clear. I know it seems like a lot of variables, but once you get a hang of these
indicators they will seem as familiar as an old friend.

Now, let me walk you through the various types of charts that are commonly available, and tell you
which one is my favourite.

1. Line Chart

These are the first charts that we come across in our geometry class at school. They are created
by plotting the closing prices of the period selected. For example, on a daily time frame a line
will be plotted between the daily closing prices to create a line chart. On a weekly time frame
weekly closing prices will be used, on monthly time frame monthly closing prices will be used
and so on.

Line Chart of Nifty

Source: Spider Software India

2. Bar Chart

They are also known as OHLC charts. OHLC stands for Open High Low Close respectively. Bar
charts show the range of the timeframe selected. For example, on a daily chart every single bar
will show that day’s range right from high to low.

Bar charts are normally plotted in black & white but some people, like me, prefer red and green.
However, I have rarely used bar charts in my career and prefer candlestick charts over them as
these are visually appealing and easier to read.

Bar Chart of Nifty

Source: Spider Software India

3. Candlestick Chart

Japanese rice traders have been using this technique for ages and the western world discovered
this technique later in the eighties. Candlesticks are easier to interpret. It gives the same open
high low close data that bar charts give but in a much more appealing format.

Let’s look at how a candle is formed.

The adjoining figure shows a green bullish candle. It means the closing price is
above the opening price on the time frame selected. Mind you, a bullish candle
can form even on a day when prices have fallen compared to previous day. The
nature of the candle (bullish or bearish) is decided based on today’s close with
respect to today’s open and not today’s close with respect to yesterday’s close.

Source: wikipedia

The adjoining figure shows a red bearish candle. It means the closing price is
below the opening price on the time frame selected. A bearish candle can form
even on a day when prices have risen compared to previous day. For example: -
A bearish candle would form even when the stock may have opened gap up
today and closed below today’s open but above the previous day’s close. In this
case the stock has registered gains on a day-on-day basis but the nature of the
Source: wikipedia

candle will be considered bearish as it closed below its open.

Candlestick Chart of Nifty

Election results day gap up

Source: Spider Software India

This is a candlestick chart of Nifty since March 2014. You can see that it looks nicer than the
other two I have shown above.

It is also easier to read. Notice the election results day gap up in Nifty when the index opened at
7,270, moved up to the high of 7,563, but ended the day at 7,203. This was a gain of 80 points
compared to the previous day’s close of 7,123. But, the daily candle was still marked as red in
color because the close is below the open.

Apart from this the candle chart also give details about the day’s range which a line chart cannot as
it considers only closing prices for plotting. The bar chart adds more depth and value compared to a
line chart but the focus is only on the day’s range rather than the open and close.

Thus, for me candlestick charts are clear-cut winners when compared to the other two.

Now you are well versed with some of the basic elements of charting. You can try out our advanced
charts tool for free. It’s very simple ansd easy to work with and will help you apply all the things you
learn from this guide in the real world.

The Secret To Choosing The Perfect Chart Time Frame

I’ve explained to you the basic elements of chart construction. I hope now that when you see a
chart you immediately see the different parts of it and are able to read its basic information.

Now, charts can be constructed based on different time-frames.

I myself use a few different time-frames when I create charts, and today I will show you some of

Let’s start with lowest time frame charts.

1. Intraday Chart

This chart is used to plot price movements during a trading session. It would consist of all
the data points between a market opening and closing.

Intraday charts give you a detailed picture for the day’s movement. These charts can be
used to view a single day’s movement from session opening to closing or many days
intraday movement from opening to closing.

For example, I may want to see the price movement on the index for an important day like
the RBI Policy or may want to see the last fortnight’s intraday charts leading up to the event.

The most commonly used time frame on an intraday chart is 1 hour, also known as an
hourly chart.

Depending on your trading style and preference you can have charts as low as tick charts
which is a chart that plots price as and when a trade takes place.

For the time being just have a look at the chart below. It’s a 60 min chart of Nifty since 17th
October 2014. The data between the dotted vertical lines represents one day’s trading

60 Min Chart of Nifty

Source: Spider Software India

2. Daily Chart

A day represents a complete cycle of events in our lives right from sunrise to sunset. We
wake up every morning, perform our duties during the day and retire from all the chores in
the night and the cycle moves on. We live our lives in parts and a day is the best
representation of such parts.

An advantage of looking at daily charts is that it makes your trading less emotional as it adds
only one new piece of information every day. So you can sit back and take a prudent
decision without worrying for tracking price change every minute. I have personally
observed and learned that focusing on daily charts helps you avoid two biggest mistakes a
common trader does i.e. overtrading and overanalyzing.

Most market observers including fundamental analysts, financial media etc. gauge prices on
a day-to-day basis. Even the NAV of a mutual fund is calculated on a day-to-day basis.
Psychologically, daily price movements is what affects the most to anyone in the financial

The charts that you saw earlier were all daily charts. I also prefer daily price charts over all
other time frames.

Daily Candlestick Chart of Nifty

Source: Spider Software India

3. Weekly Chart

Weekly charts plot a whole week’s price data. So a weekly candle opening price would be
Monday’s open, and close would be Friday’s closing level. The highest and lowest that the
stock or index may have travelled during the whole week will become the high and low for
the weekly candle.

The chart that I have attached below is a weekly chart and it shows data for the same period
that the daily chart posted above shows. You must have noticed that the number of candles
have reduced in the weekly chart and it is also less sensitive to price movements compared
to the daily chart. That’s because it combines 5 days data points into 1 week. This helps
focus more on the trend rather than its sensitivity.

Weekly Candlestick Chart of Nifty

Source: Spider Software India

4. Monthly Chart

Monthly charts are prepared using the same principles that are used for preparation of
weekly charts. The opening price of the first trading day of a month’s open is considered as
the opening level for month.

And the last trading day’s close is considered as closing level for the month. These charts are
mostly used by investors with a longer horizon. There are charts even higher than monthly
time frame ones like quarterly, half-yearly and yearly but unless your investment horizon
matches Warren Buffett’s you don’t need to look at these.

Monthly Candlestick Chart of Nifty

Source: Spider Software India

Ideal Chart Timeframes based on market participation

I have told you about the various time frames that can be used. Now let me tell you how I go about
choosing an ideal timeframe for my analysis. The table below will help you determine an ideal time
frame to choose for your analysis depending on the category of market participant you fall into.

Chart used for

Market Participant Time in Position Expected Returns in % per trade Trend Determination Entry & Exit Points

Long term investor Months to years 30% and higher Monthly Weekly

Intermediate term trader Weeks to months 12%-30% Weekly Daily

Swing trader 3-20 days 6% - 20% Daily Hourly

Day trader Hours 0.5% - 2% Hourly 10 minute

Micro trader Seconds to minutes A few pips 5 minute 1 minute

Most people normally fall into the category of swing trader or intermediate trader. I have spent
most of my career in recommending ideas to these two group of market participants, and if you are
into this kind of trading, then this is the perfect platform for you!

Okay, so let’s assume you are a swing trader interested in trading ideas that generate returns of
anywhere between 6-20% in a period of 3-20 days.

The chart that you should pick up for your analysis or trend determination is a daily chart. All your
trading decisions should be based on this chart alone. The chart you pick up for trend
determination will become your ‘Chart of Choice’ (CoC). Now once you are convinced that the
stock you have chosen is worth your hard-earned money…


Don’t be in a hurry to place an order with your broker. Just hold on to your excitement and put your
phone back where you picked it up from.

Now once you are settled just jot down your points/arguments for entering the stock.

Once you are done with it, just check one degree higher time frame chart above your ‘CoC’ to
CONFIRM whether this chart also reinforces the same view you had about the stock when you
analyzed it on your ‘CoC’.

In this case we will check the weekly chart of the stock and confirm our views on a higher time

If it doesn’t confirm, then it’s not the best of things to go ahead with this stock.

On the other hand, If you are convinced that the stock is worth your money, just hold on to your
breath and check a lower degree time frame chart for best entry opportunity.

A lower degree chart in this case would be an intraday chart.

My favorite timeframe on an intraday chart is 75 minutes.

The 75 minute timeframe chart divides our market hours which start from 9.15 am to 3.30 pm (375
minutes) into exactly 5 equal-sized candles. This helps me get a better picture for the day and
score over the hourly candles, which breaks unequally at the end.

In case I want to move further down on the timeframe, I choose a 25 min candle which divides 75
min into 3 equal parts or a 15 min candle which divides 75 min into 5 equal parts.

Check for a best entry opportunity on intraday charts and then finally place an order with your
broker, who will be eager to buy at the market rate but you would stay firm with your price levels
and not get influenced with his sweet talk.

This Common Charting Error Can Cost You Dearly
You know that date/time is plotted on the horizontal axis and price is plotted on the vertical axis.
Date/Time axis is a straight forward concept, but there is a nuance attached to the price axis which
most people ignore i.e. scaling techniques to plot price.

Sometime back in our geometry class we have learned about the two most common types of price

1. Linear Scale

Each unit change is represented by the same vertical distance on the chart, regardless of
what price level the stock/index is at when the change occurs. It plots the price movements
in absolute terms. It shows the same distance between equal price differences.

For example: Let’s say a stock priced at 10 Rs. moves up by 10 Rs. and the same stock which
is later priced at 100 Rs. moves up by another 10 Rs. In both the cases the stock has gained
by 10 Rs. only but in the first instance it’s a 100% move and in the second one it’s only a 10%
move. Despite these big differences the chart will be marked up by an equal distance in
both the cases.

2. Logarithmic Scale

Each percentage change is represented by the same vertical distance on the scale,
regardless of what the price of the stock/index is when the change occurs. It plots the price
movements in percentage terms. It shows the same distance between equal percentage
differences and not at equal prices.

For example: Taking the same example that I gave earlier let’s say the stock priced at 10 Rs.
moves up by 10 Rs. and the same stock which is later priced at 100 Rs. moves up by another
10 Rs. In the first instance it’s a 100% move and so the distance marked up on the chart will
be 10 times larger than in the second one where it’s only a 10% move. Unlike linear scale
both the differences will be marked differentially on the charts.

Now, I will show you how this actually works on a chart. And how you can avoid misinterpretations.
I have attached a linear scale chart of Nifty right from 1994. Just check the price scale carefully. All
throughout this scale price are equidistant from each other. A move from 1,000 to 1,500 is marked
equally as a move from 2,500 to 3,000, when in percentage terms they are a lot different.

NIFTY Line Chart On A Linear Scale Since 1994

Source: Spider Software India

The following chart is a Log scale chart of Nifty from 1994. Take note that here prices are at unequal
distance because they are plotted based on percentage change rather than absolute change. Also
notice the period from 1994 to 2003 in both the charts. On linear scale it looks like market is
consolidating in a narrow range when in reality it had actually gone through lot of volatility. The
‘Dotcom Boom’ saw Nifty move from a low of 800 in December 1998 to a high of 1,800 in February
2000. That is more than double in a matter of 15 months! This rally is hardly visible in the linear
chart. I have marked this period in a rectangular box on the log chart.

linear chart can be somewhat deceptive at times. A 1,000 point move is much more
significant to an investor if the index is at 800. Than if the index is at 8,000. The deception can rise
multifold in case of stocks who have rallied more than 4 or 5 times in a short span of time.

Have a look at most rally in Nifty beginning in February 2014 from 6,300 to 8,600. On linear chart
this looks like a rocket launched into the stratosphere while on the log chart it is much more

NIFTY Line chart on a Log scale since 1994

Source: Spider Software India

Many a times in official gatherings I face a common question, “which scale do you use?”

And my vote has always been for log scale. A linear scale is useful only when the price range on
your screen is not more than 10%. In any cases higher than this it is always preferable to use a log

Log scale facilitates direct comparison of high and low priced stocks. And makes it easier to choose
the one offering greater percentage profits on the capital employed.

By default I always have a log scale on my screen. When I am on a smaller time frame a log scale or
a linear scale won’t make much of a difference. And when on a higher time frame log scale serves
the purpose of showing the correct picture. So for me log is always better than linear.

Section 2 - Trend Analysis

What’s Your View On The Markets?

Are you bullish or bearish right now?


Think about it for a second. Knowing what you know now, with which camp would you side - the
bulls or the bears?

I hate to say it, but if you answered bullish, you’re wrong. If you answered bearish, you’re wrong

Now I am sure you must be perplexed to hear this reply from my side. But it’s a fact that most of
the people forget to ask a counter question. They hastily reply to this question depending on their
views and bias.

The counter question one should ask is that “What time span are you speaking about?”


I guess you have realized what I am talking about.

Like every person has his own tastes and preferences for food, music, hobbies etc. Similarly every
investor’s horizon of investment will differ based on his investment objectives, personal
preferences, risk appetite and the amount of time & capital he can devote to watching market
prices. One investor may be more concerned about the business cycle trend that occurs over
several years. Another investor may be more concerned about the trend over the next 1 year, while
a third investor may be concerned only for the intraday trend.

To answer a question like the one I raised above, it is very essential that both the people in the
conversation are on same page. Only then the discussion will be fruitful. Especially for the one
seeking advice.

Quite often people make their investments based on advice given by experts on one of the blue
channels. The problem with following this advice is that there’s a vacuum between the expert and
advice seeker. In most of the cases both are operating with a different time span in mind.

Television is an excellent mode to disseminate information quickly but when it comes to giving
advice it fails miserably. One because it cannot cater to specific needs of such a large audience.
Second it has a time constraint. (They can’t allow you to speak more than a few seconds on a
question) Having been there and done that I know that anchors of business channels will want to
shove you either in the bull camp or bear camp. When sometimes it is more sensible to sit on the
sidelines and wait for more information/data. But then they can’t sit idle during this period. Their
advertisers won’t pay them if channels don’t come out with an interesting story every day.

I don’t blame the anchors for this but it’s the medium of communication that is at fault. Anyways in
either case the investor is at a loss.

When both these things are combined. Lack of clarity of the trend length and seeking general
advice from television channels. You end up confusing yourselves and eventually curse the expert
for his advice.

Now, let me offer a solution to these problems.

I will start with trend. A trend is a time measurement of the direction in price levels covering
different time spans. There are many trends. Three most widely used are primary, secondary and

(Charles Dow who developed the Dow Jones Industrial Averages is considered father of technical
analysis, classified trends into these 3 parts.)

He called primary trend as “the tide”, this is the trend that defines the long-term direction (1 year
to several years). Primary trend is the major underlying trend in the market.

Secondary or Intermediate Trend are “the waves”, this is medium term movements or departures
from the primary trend (weeks to months)

Lastly minor or short trends are the “ripples”, they generally show nervousness with rapid up or
down swings. (1 week to 6 weeks). With the advent of computers intraday trends have also gained
massive fan following.

When you apply these principles to a standard 4 year business cycle you get a market cycle model
which is illustrated in the chart below. In this cycle a primary trend may last between 9 months to 2
years. Intermediate trend may last between 6 weeks to 9 months. And minor trend will last
between 2 weeks to 6 weeks. Mind you all stocks may not strictly follow this model but these are
general guidelines which one can apply while analysis.

The Market Cycle Model

Source: Profit Hunter

For an investor to grow his wealth safely and steadily it is very much essential to identify these
trends and changes in trends at an early stage and maintain their positions until the trend has

Your ‘Stepping Stone’ In Technicals
I started tracking the markets when I was in junior college. Television & newspapers were the only
source for me to track markets in those days. I relied most on expert advice that came on TV for
understanding markets. But over a period of time I realized that this advice didn’t make much sense
to me as I would not be able to practically put an advice to use.

The channels would play contradicting opinions of different experts at the same time and later on
when either one of their views was correct, they would re-run that same clip again and again.

The media also had favourite poster boys when markets were either in a bull or bear grip. These are
HNIs renowned for their views - one is a perennial bull and the other a die-hard bear. When the
markets had rallied quite a bit, either of the channels would run an interview of the bull. On the
other side when markets were in a downward spiral, the channels would do an interview of the
bear. Both of them may have made money in the markets but imitating them never helped me.

Next comes the analyst/s whom people would use as a contrary indicator. If he had a buy, people
would sell and vice-versa. I don’t know whether people actually did it but this is the joke that goes
around across different groups of people whom I have interacted with over the years.

I am pretty sure that you may have also had similar experiences in the past.

The only way out of this is to either do your own research or get access to research which is
unbiased & suits your style of investing.

I know that you are an action taker and that’s why you are reading this guide. Probably you are
amongst the one who want to do it all by yourself.

So here onwards I will shift from the ‘What’ aspect to the ‘How’ aspect of technicals.

So far I have told you about the philosophy behind technical analysis, the basic elements of charting
and about trends. These were the ‘What’ aspects now I will move on to the ‘How’ aspect and show
you how to use specific technical tools to your advantage.

First in this series is how to determine a trend.

Charles Dow derived the most basic and oldest method to determine a trend. We know that trends
move in 3 direction i.e. up, down and sideways.

But how do we decide it objectively which of these 3 trends is currently active on a particular stock
or index.

Peak - Trough Analysis is the simplest of all tools available to determine the trend.

You know it very well that stock prices do not rise or fall in a straight line. Price moves are more or
less similar to a snake crawling in the sands leaving behind a trail similar to the one illustrated

Peaks & Troughs

Source: Profit Hunter

The chart I have shown above is an example of a stock with rising peaks and troughs or simply put it
is forming a higher high and a higher low subsequently. These highs or lows can be separated from
each other by a few days, weeks or months. This is immaterial with respect to ongoing trend as long
as it is forming higher highs and higher lows the trend (up in this case) is considered as valid.

This principle applies similarly to a stock trending downwards. Here we will look for lower peaks
and lower troughs. The picture I have illustrated below shows both an uptrend as well as
downtrend based on peak trough analysis.

Peaks & Troughs Used To Determine Uptrend & Downtrend

Source: Profit Hunter

A stock can also move in neither of these direction and stay sideways. Here the peaks and troughs
will be at same levels or within the previous peaks or troughs. Some traders avoid trading when the
stock is sideways while some savvy traders will even trade within these ranges once they get a hang
of the levels from where price is likely to change direction.

Peak Trough Analysis On Weekly Chart of Nifty

Source: Spider Software India

I have illustrated above a peak trough analysis of Nifty on weekly charts for you to see. Do have a
look at it and try applying the same principle on a chart of a stock you hold.

A Good Start Is Half The Battle
A good start is half the battle. These are lines from famous Greek philosopher Aristotle. This
proverb was spoken hundreds of years back but is still relevant and important today. The mistake
lies in the beginning, so an error at the beginning, though quite small, bears the same ratio to the
errors in the other parts.

Making a good beginning is important no matter what you are attempting: a new business, a new
job, a new home. If you get off on the wrong foot it can take a very long time to get back on track.
Making a good beginning gives you an edge, a confidence boost; it bodes well for the rest of your

Lord Ganesha is considered as the god of beginnings, the remover of obstacles. Traditionally, we
have always given prime importance to good beginnings which is why he is prayed across cultures
and religions throughout the length and breadth of India.

The reason why I am emphasizing so much on good beginnings is that even in technicals good
beginnings are equally important. Most of the times I see people who have just started with
technicals will start drawing random lines on charts. These are known as Trendlines.

A series of ascending bottoms in a rising market can be joined together by a straight line. These are
uptrend lines. And so can the tops of a descending series of rally peaks. These are downtrend lines.

Up & Down Trendlines

Source: Profit Hunter

However, 99% of People Get This Wrong. Most newbie technicians begin by drawing trendlines
randomly on a chart and ultimately end up with wrong interpretations. If you remember lessons
from your geometry class, we need two points to draw a line. Same rule applies while drawing
trendlines. I often see people randomly drawing line that touches only one point. Then there are a
few other who use two points to draw a trendline. This method of drawing a trendline is correct but
their interpretation out of this isn’t as correct.

The general rule that I follow is that after drawing trendlines from two points the trendline should
touch and bounce back from a third point to be considered valid. This is a mistake which even
seasoned market veterans do when using technical analysis. They would rarely check the validity of
the trendline that they have drawn and expect the price to bounce off from the third point itself. It
may very well do so but expecting it always isn’t correct. The probability of price bouncing back
from fourth or fifth point is higher than a trendline which is just drawn with two points. So the
more the number of bottoms (uptrend) and tops (downtrend) formed near a trendline the more
important a trendline becomes.

Nifty Intraday 25 Min Chart Showing Valid & Invalid Trendlines

Source: Spider Software India

In the chart illustrated above I have drawn an uptrend line from the low of 31st October 2014 to the
low of 20th November 2014. The trendline is drawn correctly with two points but its validity is not
confirmed until it touches a third point and bounces from there. So one should wait for the price
action to unfold itself instead of anticipating a bounce back when price starts trading closer to this
trendline. Prices could have bounced up again from this trendline however we would be banking
more on chance than on probabilities.

On the contrary have a look at down trendline that I have drawn from 5th December 2014 to 11th
December 2014. I would consider this as much more valid than the earlier one. Third point touched
this trendline on 12th December 2014 and confirmed the validity. After this point we can look up to
this trendline for valid signals. That’s exactly what it gave on 15th December 2014 as index reversed
twice after touching this trendline and resumed its downtrend. Eventually even this trendline was
broken as index rallied above it however it did its job and gave a correct signal.

Apart from this there are a few other concepts which I apply to judge the validity of a trendline. If a
trendline is held for a longer time without being penetrated by prices its significance/validity
increases. In the chart attached below I have drawn a down trendline from August 2008 peak to
October 2009 peak on DLF. It’s been more than 6 years and this trendline is still valid.

Down Trendline Drawn On DLF Weekly Chart From August 2008

Source: Spider Software India

Another important factor is that the angle of ascent should not be too steep. Sometimes stocks go
through phases of exceptional rise at such times even valid trendlines are penetrated quite often by

price. I have illustrated this below in the daily chart of JK Tyre. The stock has rallied 10 times in the
last 14 months. All the trendlines that I have drawn on the chart below are valid and have touched
more than 3 points but eventually all of them were penetrated by price. A sideways consolidation
followed after the rally but later on the stock resumed its uptrend. In such cases these trendlines
will have little forecasting value and may leave you frustrated for getting out of the stock too soon.

Uptrend Lines Drawn On Daily Chart Of JK Tyre From September 2013

Source: Spider Software India

A trend line is a straight line that connects two or more price points and then extends into the
future from which the price may bounce back.

Trendlines are important tool in a technician’s toolbox and once you have learned the art of
drawing valid trendlines you can move on to ‘Trend Channels’.

A trend channel is nothing but price action contained between two parallel trendlines.

Uptrend lines are series of ascending bottoms in a rising market joined together by a straight line.
When you draw a line parallel to this uptrend line by connecting successive peaks you get a rising

Downtrend lines are drawn by connecting tops of a descending series of rally peaks together by a
straight line. When you draw a line parallel to this line by connecting successive bottoms you get a
falling channel.

Rising And Falling Channel

Source: Profit Hunter

Now that you know drawing a trendline requires two points and validating it requires prices to
touch and bounce back from the third point on that trendline. This line then becomes our Main
Trendline. When you draw another line parallel to the main trendline off successive peaks (uptrend)
and successive bottoms (downtrend) you get a rising channel and falling channel respectively.

The chart illustrated above shows the same concept. As long as price advances and trades within
the green channel, the trend is considered bullish and till it remains in the red channel it is
considered bearish.

Section 3 - Supports & Resistances

Feeling Let Down By The Technical Analysis Calls On

TV? Read This…
Imagine this. You are reading or listening to a technical ‘experts’ views on the markets or stocks
published in a newspaper or on a channel.

The interviewer asks, “What is your view on Nifty?”

The Technical Analyst (TA) expert replies, “If Nifty breaks the resistance level of 8,050 it can go up
to 8,200, 8,350 and if it breaks below the support level of 7,950 it can go down to 7,800, 7,700.”

“Seriously, you call that a view? Even a primary school student would have answered that. He has
read the number system and knows that 8,200, 8,350 follows after 8,000. You didn’t share any
‘expert’ opinion with me.”

You must be having similar thoughts when you read/listen such statements by experts. You may
have laughed away at the expert or maybe even at technical analysis altogether.

You may be right in rejecting the so-called expert opinion as it serves none of your purpose. But
neglecting technical analysis may not be a right choice.

I always see people taking commentaries on supports and resistance with a pinch of salt. And that’s
not their fault at all, because it’s the technical expert who wants to play it safe and give views from
both the sides. So that the next time he is asked for a view he can blow his own trumpet
irrespective of whichever side the market moves.

Most analyst do not take a bold view with the fear of being wrong.

Analysts practicing technicals will use supports and resistances as a hiding place. While
fundamental analysts tend to stick closer to the consensus estimates rather than making a bold
prediction and fear losing one’s reputation if things don’t turnout as expected.

In the midst of all this the one person who is always at a loss is you. You may start feeling cheated
and frustrated after losing your hard earned money to such advice. I have come across many

people who have completely lost faith in any sort of research methodology be it fundamentals or
technical. They loosely claim that nothing works in markets. It is just gambling.

It is not the tool or methodology which is at fault but the way in which we use is what matters.
Before applying a particular method we should understand its application and limitations. It applies
to support and resistances as well. I feel they are one of the best tools that a trader as well as an
investor can use but due to the bad name it has got many people avoid using it.

Secondly people use them with half-baked knowledge and eventually end up with wrong
conclusions. But, I want to re-emphasize that these are the best tools and so I will be devoting
substantial time explaining these to you.

So let’s just start understanding what are supports and resistances and the psychology behind the

So, what is a support?

Support is the price level at which demand is thought to be strong enough to prevent the price
from declining further. The logic dictates that as the price declines towards support and gets
cheaper, buyers become more inclined to buy and sellers become less inclined to sell. By the time
the price reaches the support level, it is believed that demand will overcome supply and prevent
the price from falling below support.

And what is a resistance?

Resistance is the price level at which selling is thought to be strong enough to prevent the price
from rising further. The logic dictates that as the price advances towards resistance, sellers become
more inclined to sell and buyers become less inclined to buy. By the time the price reaches the
resistance level, it is believed that supply will overcome demand and prevent the price from rising
above resistance.

Let me explain this in detail with the help of an illustration.

How Supports & Resistances Are Formed

Source: Profit Hunter

The stock halts in the midst of a fall and jumps back to point A and moves back to point B. The
reason behind this fall can be anything. We are not concerned about that. All we are doing here is
simply ‘Observing’ that prices are moving lower.

At point A selling was strong enough to prevent any further advance while at Point B the demand
was strong enough which resulted to a pullback to point C. Now at point C buyers who had bought
at point B start booking profits while those who had bought at point A exit with no profit no loss.
This results in a supply zone getting created at the trendline drawn along the points A and C. This
becomes our resistance.

Now prices start tumbling again due to selling pressure from market participants pushing the prices
down to point D. People who had bought in at point B made a good gain when they sold at point C,
so when price reach similar levels again at point D they buy. There might be people who didn’t sell
at Point C after buying at Point B and may want to average at same levels. Thus interaction of all
these people push prices up again to a higher level. This results in to a demand zone getting created
at the trendline drawn along the points B and D. This becomes our support.

As I said earlier market is made up of lots of participants and they may have different reason to act
to prices in the way they do. We should not bother about that, the fact that prices are moving and
reacting to certain levels is what is important for technician.

Previous Supports Now Become Resistances

Source: Profit Hunter

Now supports and resistances work wonderfully for a while as prices react perfectly to the supply
and demand zones until Point I. Prices fail to reach the previous resistance zone and reverses
direction earlier than expected and penetrate the support line BD. They move lower to Point K and
bounce back to Point L but couldn’t move any further up and move below the Point K (Dow Theory
Signal). The people who were enjoying buying at support levels (B, D, F & H) and exiting at higher
levels are now in a losing position for the first time. They may be worried a little. Some of them may
exit at Point L but many continue to hold their positions. They may panic once the stock moves
below Point K. And may stumble to exit their positions leading to a fall till point M. Fresh demand
emerges at Point M as people may see value in the stock (which is again very subjective) and
pushes the prices upwards. However, all through this there are many buyers who had entered at
Point B, D, F, H & J who are hoping and praying for the prices to come up to their buying level so
that they can exit at least with a no profit no loss. This makes Point N as a very strong resistance as
many sellers are waiting for their prices thus reinforcing the previous support level to a resistance
level now.

One key point to learn from this is that the reason why support and resistance levels work is
more psychological than fundamental. People remember their prices at which they buy or sell. This
price becomes their ’Anchor’ and they make their decisions based on this anchor.

Another lesson to learn from this is that people who were enjoying trading within these range and
especially those who had entered at either of Points B, D, F, H & J are perplexed and are even
frustrated when they see prices breaking a support zone. They would doubt support and resistance
theory when prices would penetrate the support levels.

Let me tell you that support and resistance levels are like floors of a building. Having a floor at a
particular level does not mean that the elevator has to stop at each and every level. The elevator
can and does directly go from 20th Floor to 15th Floor. It may not stop anywhere in between. The
same principle applies to stock prices. This is the half-baked knowledge I referred to you earlier.
Most technicians fall into this trap even people following advice on support and resistance should
understand this thoroughly. No level is sacrosanct in markets. Like records, supports and resistance
are meant to be broken one day or other.

Where To Expect Supports & Resistances?
Charts show a picture of changes in investor sentiment and emotions over a period of time.
Resistance zone are points where trader’s greed becomes excessive and turns to fear. Support zone
are points where trader’s fear becomes excessive and turns to Greed. Breakouts above a resistance
or below a support zone shows how and when the investor sentiment has changed. Large Volumes
along with breakouts show investor’s commitment in the direction of the breakout.

But, where do we expect support & resistance levels to form?

There are a couple of obvious places to look for supports & resistances. We will see this with a lot
of examples.

The simplest and most obvious points that become support or resistances are the previous highs
and lows. When some time has passed after a new high or low has occurred the emotional factors
starts affecting the market participants and general public at large.

I clearly remember 21st January 2008 when Sensex was already off by 10% from its recent high of
21,206. Market participants were anxious, they were expecting it to be just another normal
correction in a bull market. But what followed was awful, 10% lower circuits on the 21st and 22nd
January. The index was down by about 25% in a matter of few days. However, many investor’s
portfolio suffered even bigger drawdowns.

The index eventually managed to recover part of the losses in a few days but the damage was
already done. The high of 21,000 was now imprinted in their minds. The high of 21,000 was a hot
topic of discussion across social gatherings.

People started comparing their current portfolio value to the value when the index was at 21,000.
(which were poles apart) They started hoping, praying even begging for the index to reach to the
previous highs so that they can exit. Their portfolios were already battered but nobody knew what
was about to come next.

One thing was for sure that people were now deeply anchored to the level of 21,000 on the Sensex
(6,300 on the Nifty). These levels were like the peak of Mount Everest which every aspiring
mountaineer would look up and wish to conquer. However, these peaks remained as ultimate

challenge for the bulls for months and years to come. Mount 21K was eventually conquered after a
failed attempt in November 2010 and after lot of efforts in November 2013.

Sensex: Conquering Mount 21k...

Source: Spider Software India

The chart I have illustrated below is much before the 2008 top, it was in April 1992 when the
Harshad Mehta’s stock scam broke out and Sensex topped out at 4546. This level remained a strong
resistance for a long time. This level was challenged twice in September 1994 and in August 1997,
but bulls couldn’t drive it substantially higher.

Sensex After The 1992 Scam

Source: Spider Software India

There are many more example like this. The best one of them is of Hindustan Unilever Ltd.

HUL Wakes Up From A Decade Long Slumber

Source: Spider Software India

HUL was a star performer from 1995 to 2000. It was amongst one of the very few stocks to have
rallied 6 times during this period when the Sensex was going through a dull phase. HUL topped out
at 280 in July 1999. Six months later it hit a high of 323 and closed at 286 in February 2000. It tried
again in June 2000 but couldn’t close beyond the previous high and settled at 283. The stock had to
go through a 4 year long bear market and approximately another 2 years to come closer to the
previous highs. It closed at 289 in April 2006. Supply was strong enough to thwart it down. Every
other attempt met with selling pressure until June 2011 when the stock finally woke up from a
decade long slumber.

IOB: Support Down South...

Source: Spider Software India

Indian Overseas Bank Ltd. witnessed tremendous growth from 2001 to 2004. It rallied from 8 Rs. to
75 Rs. during this period. A correction followed soon halving the price to about 37 odd levels. The
stock resumed its uptrend and even crossed 200 levels by 2008. The trend reversed and pushed the
stock back to 37 levels by March 2009. The previous low acted as support and halted the fall.

From BSES To Rel Infra: Supports Remain The Same

Source: Spider Software India

Reliance Infrastructure took over BSES in 2002. It rallied four time from a low of 200 in October
2002 to a high of 800 in March 2004. It traded in a range until June 2006 when it broke below 400
levels. The stock soon boarded a superfast metro train and rallied more than 7 times within the
next 18 months. However, this train went out of control by January 2008 and crash landed to 350
levels by October 2008. All the correction that followed afterwards have ended in the range of 300
to 400. I selected this example to show that stocks do not necessarily reverse direction from the
exact support (or resistance) levels. Technical Analysis is not a perfect science. You have to allow
some flexibility in your analysis. The stocks/index will not reverse from exact levels but somewhere
near it. How much margin of safety you want will depend on what kind of a trader/investor you are.
It may not be easy for everyone to see the stock dropping from 400 to 300 which is a fall of 25%.

Given these limitations, supports and resistance levels can still give you valuable insights before you
decide to trade or invest.

Trading Range Bound Stocks
Emotions run pretty high when markets are at new high or low. We move from extreme euphoria
at new highs to extreme despondency at new lows. These emotions are so strong that the prices
get imprinted in the memories of market participants for a really long time.

Such highs or lows come only once in many years. There are other points as well which acts as
support and resistance more often on charts. These are points when prices are trading within a
relatively tight band/range. A trading range forms when a stock or index is consistently moving up
and down between two well-defined points for an extended period of time (days, to weeks, to
months). These trading ranges can form anywhere on a chart. Most of the time they would form in
the middle of a trend as consolidation while in other cases they may form at the end of a trend as
reversals. These points are easy to identify by simply observing price data. When a stock reverses
direction multiple times from similar levels (bottom of the range - Points BDFH) it becomes fairly
solid support. When a stock reverses direction from similar levels (top of the range - Points ACEG) it
becomes fairly solid resistance.

How Trading Ranges Are Formed?

Source: Profit Hunter

A range becomes stronger if either side of this range is held more no. of times. Once a trading range
is established one can buy at lower end of this range and sell at higher end of this range. Obviously
this is not as simple as it looks. While you may enjoy trading these ranges, sometimes the stock can
do the exact opposite of what you may expect it to do. You can be caught on the wrong foot. It may
also take a longer time to move from the lower end to the upper end of the range. Trading range
bound stocks takes a lot of patience. Those who are looking for quick profits may be disappointed

by the time it takes for the stock to move its full potential. Despite all this, trading range bound
stock can give consistent returns to traders. Investors who may have identified that their stock has
entered into a trading range can utilize it to their advantage by adding stock at lower end of this
range and selling at higher end of the range. They can continue to do so until the stock remains
range bound. By trading these ranges they can bring down their cost of the original investment.
Other savvy traders/investors who have knowledge of options can employ trading strategies
specifically designed to gain from such movements.

Now I will show you this with the help of a couple of real life examples.

Reliance: 8 Year Range

Source: Spider Software India

Reliance Industries traded in a broad range of 700 to 1,100 between March 2009 to February 2017.
There has been some instances when it has overshot these ranges (mostly on the higher side)
during this period. However, I have used levels which were respected most of the times and one
could easily have used while making trading/investing decisions.

Though the stock hit a high of 1267 on the back of election results in May 2009, the most time that
it has traded is within a range of 1100 to 900 from May 2009 to June 2011. Once the stock broke
below this range it traded in a new range of 700 to 900 from June 2011 to March 2014. In April

2014, it broke above 900 and moved to a high of 1145. However, it didn’t sustain there for too long
and slipped back to the middle band of the broad range around 900 levels.

This time around it found support at 800 levels by March 2015. It went back up in to the range 900-
1,100 range by the start of 2016. And traded in that range until February 2017 when it finally broke
out of the 8 year long range decisively.

Hero Moto Corp: Breaking Out Of The Range

Source: Spider Software India

Hero Moto Corp traded in a range of 1,400 to 2,200 from May 2009 to May 2014. I have split this
range in two halves. The upper half ranges from 2,200 to 1,800. Lower half ranges from 1,800 to
1,400. It spent most of the time in the upper half of the range during this period. Eventually it did
breakout of this range and headed higher in a rising channel.

South Indian Bank: Handsome Returns

Source: Spider Software India

I came across this chart of South Indian Bank in January 2014. You can clearly observe that it
traded religiously within a well-defined band of 20-29 between July 2010 to May 2014. Even
within this band there were sub-bands which acted as support and resistance at various
occasions. One could have easily made use of these bands to garner handsome returns on a
consistent basis.

Reduce. Reuse. Recycle.
I know you must be already startled after looking at this logo and title. International Recycling Symbol

You are probably thinking, what this has got to do with technicals.

Rest Assured. I have aptly put it where it should be as today’s topic is very
much related to this.

But before I move on let’s talk about these three words. Reduce - is using
Source: Wikipedia
natural resources wisely, and using less than usual in order to avoid
waste. Reuse - is to use an item again after it has been used. Recycle - is a process to change waste
materials into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials. All of these three
components are equally important to eliminate waste and protect environment.

The component that we are going to talk about is Reuse. An item can be used again for the same
function or in a new-life form where it can used for a different function. The same concept applies
to trendline, supports and resistance.

I spoke to you about trendlines earlier in this guide. Basically there are two types of trendlines. An
uptrend line which can be drawn by joining series of ascending bottoms in a rising market by a
straight line. A downtrend line can be drawn by joining the tops of a descending series of rally

Trendlines As Supports And Resistance

Source: Profit Hunter

After drawing trendlines from two points the trendline should touch and bounce back from a third
point to be considered valid. When prices bounce back from fourth or fifth point of this trendline, it
is considered that the uptrend line is lending support or in case of downtrend line it is lending
resistance to price.

Using uptrend lines for support and downtrend line for resistance is like Re-using them again and
again for same function.

As it is bound to happen prices will breach these trendline one day or the other. When that
happens people generally discard these trendlines. I suggest we should apply the concept of reuse
in a new-life form for trendlines. The same trendlines which acted as supports may now act as
resistance and vice-versa. Thus the same trendline can be Re-used for a different function.

Same Trendlines Used For Different Function

Source: Profit Hunter

This concept applies equally on stocks that are trading in horizontal ranges as well. In technical
analysis terms this concept is known as ‘Change of Polarity Principle’.

Previous Supports Now Becomes Resistance

Source: Profit Hunter

Supports or Resistance lines drawn on stocks that are trading in a range are nothing but horizontal
trendlines. So, the same concept applies in both the cases. Previous supports can become
resistance and previous resistance can also become support.

Now I will show you how this concept can be applied in markets.

Cipla Ltd.

Source: Spider Software India

Cipla Ltd. topped out just below 370 in December 2009, it revisited this level in December 2010 but
couldn’t cross it. It fell short once again in February 2012. By September 2012 it closed at a new
high but consolidated for a couple of months before making a meaningful move upwards.

After topping out in January 2013 at 435 it headed southwards, this fall halted around previous
resistance level of 370. This happened for four times in succession. The stock rebounded from same
level in June 2013, December 2013, February 2014 and May 2014 before breaking out above the
previous high of 450.

ACC Ltd.

Source: Spider Software India

ACC Ltd. hit a high of around 1,120 in November 2010. This level acted as resistance in April 2011.
It broke out above this resistance and touched a high of 1,230 in October 2011. The correction from
this top found support at 1,120 from November 2011 to January 2012. Subsequent corrections in
June 2012 and April 2013 also found support at 1,120. Also notice the trendline drawn at 950 levels
which acted as support from October 2010 to July 2011. The same trendline lent support later in
August 2013 and January 2014.

The stock hit a life time high of 1,545 in October 2012. The stock reversed direction from similar
levels a couple of times in September 2014.

Lupin Ltd.

Source: Spider Software India

Lupin Ltd. was on a tear for quite a long time. I began by drawing a (blue) resistance line from
February 2011 peak. This line acted as resistance until May 2013 when the stock closed above
this line. Later on, the same trendline lent support during an uptrend. The stock found support at
this trendline and rebounded after witnessing corrections in August 2013, January 2014 & May
2014. I have drawn parallel lines above and below this trendline. The topmost line is from
December 2010 high. And the lower one is from January 2010 low.

Section - 4

How I Generated 6% To 20% Returns…

As promised in the beginning of this guide I will show you how I used various tools that I have
spoken to you so far to pick stocks that deliver solid gains of anywhere in between 6% to 20%
within weeks.

You might already know that I have been running a short-term stock recommendation service,
Swing Trader for more than two years. Over the course I have recommended many stocks which
have generated returns in the range of 6% to 20% in a few days to weeks.

I have picked 3 stocks where I had used the same techniques that I have spoken to you so far in
this guide. So let’s just head straight to them.

1. Maruti Ltd.

Trading with Trendlines

Source: Spider Software India

Maruti Ltd. was one of the few stocks to quickly recover from the demonetization lows. It was
hitting life-time highs by February 2017. The stock was rising smoothly along the up trend line.

After hitting the highs in February, it consolidated in a range for a few days. On March 14, it closed
above the falling trendline and I identified an entry opportunity for my subscribers. I recommended
the stock at a price of 6,135.

It traded in a range for the first few days but picked up speed in April and zoomed higher day after
day. I closed this trade on May 15, at a price of 6,854.80 with gains of 11.73%.

2. Eicher Motors Ltd.

Previous Resistance becomes Support

Source: Spider Software India

Eicher Motors Ltd. hit a life-time high of 21,555 in July 2015. It found resistance near the same
levels twice and dropped down to 15,000.

The uptrend resumed in January 2016 and the stock was trading near its previous highs by July
2016. It consolidated for more than a month above the previous resistance of 21,555. This level had
now become a strong support.

On 30 August, it broke of the narrow consolidation. I recommended the stock on the same day to
my subscribers. They got an entry opportunity on 9 September at a price of 23,000. The stock
rocketed northwards in no time and hit our target price of 25,442 on 28 September.

This trade generated a return of 10.62% in just 19 days for my subscribers.

3. PVR Ltd.

Combination of Channels and Supports

Source: Spider Software India

Now here I have combined two techniques to identify a trade and squeeze more out of the same
recommendation. PVR Ltd. hit a life-time high of 1,334 in September 2016. It found resistance near
the same levels on multiple occasions until March 2017.

The stock broke out of the resistance level convincingly on 6 March and I knew that this level will
act as a good support now. So, I sent out a recommendation to my subscribers on the same day.
Our trade went live on 8 March at a price of 1,330 with a target of 1,500.

The stock jumped by 7% within three trading sessions and traded sideways for a few days before
moving higher. I noticed a rising channel developing in the stock. This coupled with a breakout from
all-time highs suggested the stock could go much higher than my initial target.

I capitalized on this opportunity by revising our targets and stoploss higher as the stock moved up.
My subscribers were rewarded with a bigger than expected profit. We exited the trade at 1,568 on
3 May after it breached the rising channel.

This trade generated a solid return of 17.89% for my subscribers in less than two months.

Now let me remind you that though these were not the only tools that I employed to recommend
these three stocks. I checked other technical parameters as well before I was convinced of
recommending these stocks. What are these other technical parameters? Don’t worry… I will tell
you everything I know, including this, via our regular newsletter (which you are already signed up
for), Profit Hunter.

I am sure that now even you have the knowledge like professionals do of using these technical tools
to ensure you also can find trades with a potential of delivering 6% to 20% returns quickly on a
consistent basis.

I have covered quite a few tools and techniques that professionals use in their investment analysis.
But don’t mistake thinking that these are the only tools available for analyzing markets. I would say
this is only the tip of the iceberg. There are many other important and interesting tools and
techniques that are there in my toolkit. And I would like to share all of them with you regularly.

Don’t worry! You won’t miss out on any of those. You have already signed up for the Daily Profit
Hunter newsletter, where I and my colleague Asad Dossani will write to you all about short term
investing opportunity every week. And the best part of it is that these will be directly be mailed to
you straight into your Inbox. So you can read them as per your convenience.

That’s all for now from my end.

Thank You. Happy Trading!

About Profit Hunter

Profit Hunter could help you find opportunities for making "short-term" profits, so that
you could fulfill all your needs and desires, and also obtain another way to multiply your
wealth more quickly.

Do post your feedback on this guide to us at Or on our

Facebook Page!

To know more about us, please visit or

call +91 22 6143 4055.