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By David Smith Copyright © 2010
"Ye suffer fools gladly, seeing ye yourselves are wise." --St Paul "Look, it's my misery that I have to paint this kind of painting, it's your misery that you have to love it, and the price of the misery is thirteen hundred and fifty dollars. " - Mark Rothko, In Art/Painting
Attention! Iµm not getting any feedback! If you like this stuff, say so. Otherwise«
First comes the short stuff«
Call 1-800-999-9999 for the Runaway Hotline. There are people on the other end of that phone that will help you: they¶ll find you a safe place to stay, they¶ll help you with any other problems you might have, from drugs to getting away from a pimp, and they¶ll get you back with your parents if that¶s the right thing for you.
Report fraud by calling 311
Recalling and proving past addresses Credit reports list past addresses - for those who want to go more anal that "annual credit report" allows: try quizzle and credit karma ... don't pay for anything but use the free services to get a score however often you want.
http://www.popsci. com.au/archives <http://www.popsci. com.au/archives> This is a great archive of Popular Science magazines. You may know all about it, but I just stumbled on it. Some of the advertisements are interesting, plus of course you can search for things you are interested in.
=== Be the envy of your neighborhood by proudly displaying self-qualifying "Merit Badges." Here are some: <http://demeritwear. com/Categories. bok?category= ALL+PATCHES> "Stupid/Oughta/ Hurt" <http://keepthefaye. com/index. php?cPath= 34> "Unhandy" <http://www.nerdmeritbadges.com/> A few badges for nerds.
If the chuck has a 1inch - 8TPI Penn State Industries has one for an 1 1/2 8TPI adapter. www. pennstateind.com PART # LA11218 Cost $19.95 +shipping.
Holding odd things« The suggestion of using a big C-clamp held in a drill press vise (with a wedge, so that it doesn't change its angle ) actually works pretty good for holding an item steady while you¶re using 2 hands to do stuff to it. You can get a good grip on the thing just about anywhere on it! The 4 inch drill press vise (Harbor Freight Item # 30999 - 9RPB at $4 to $7) is a very useful item indeed. Another good general purpose vise is a (better yet) 6 inch drill press vise. They are often put on sale at Harbor Freight ± cheap! Watch their prices, and be ready to move and make a grab at the price drop.
The most useful clamps made from 1/2 inch water pipe, and Harbor Freight work for clamping boards together, or holding art items. Just have different lengths of pipe on hand.
There is a vise grip µdevice¶ for clamping things down in a drill press. Harbor Freight is one place it¶s sold. To make such devices work on a µproduction table¶ (table with blind hold down slots) might require the use of t-slot bolts or similar.
Harbor Freight Table saw stand $ 20.00 #35716 - 1ADN as a work table. Shallow bench stop µvise¶ as a top.
Industrial Abrasives Co. 642 North 8th Street PO box 14955 Reading, Pa. 19612-9954 firstname.lastname@example.org 1 800 428 2222
Rubber router pad, flex strip wheel, sanding belt things, non- skid pad, other things« Pad is good for µnon-impact¶ use; carving or router use, but not other things. Test before use.
Band saw blades Piper's Saw Shop, Inc 454 Phillip Stone Way Central City, Key 42330 Phone: 1-270-754-2354 Order Line: 1-800-845-6075 Email: Jimmy Piper
Saw Blade Dealer: http://www.piperssawshop.com/
More bandsaw stuff« http://www.bandsawbladesdirect.com/ https://www.victornet.com/bandsaw.html?id=ECrxvJcN
Use 3/8" 4 skip tooth band saw blade for doing heavy work.
Harbor Freight 14¶ bandsaw ± the band saw blade is 92 and 1/4 length You need 3 band saw blades, 1/4 inch, 1/2 and 3/8 inch skip tooth
McMasterCarr sells the pressurized spray cans http://www.mcmaster .com/#pressure- sprayers/ =6mrzrw
A site dedicated to needs of disabled ± try: http://www.ableworkshop.com
Etching glass? There is a GREAT alternative to Armour Etch. It's called Etch All. There is a dip & a cream. The best part? It's reusable! Yep, you scrape it back into the bottle after it has set for 15 minutes. It also etches better than Armour Etch. (I used Armour Etch for a number of years, but now I'm all about the Etch All)
A bottle can last months, and my friend says she's has hers for a couple of years. You don't have to wear gloves (But I would anyway), and it doesn't affect your lungs like Armour Etch. Hope that helps some of you!
Process Engineering Corp., Crystal Lake, Ill. 60039 - 0279 (815) 459 - 1734 Makes a graphite stick lubricant that can be applied to the table of a belt sander.
Once again ...here is THE BEST site on the Internet for business advice specific to artists. http://www.jiverson .com/ Look under FAQ's, BOOKMARK it ...and USE IT ...before you need it.
--I have been using RexCut grinding wheels for aluminum. They don¶t load up, are available in a variety of grits, and, last I checked, were made in the USA. http://rexcut. com/
Try www.rareseeds.com these are organic and heirloom seeds.
If you are interested in e-publishing, you might want to check out EPIC (Electronically Published Internet Connection). http://www.epicauthors.com/ It's an organization for the benefit and support of e-published authors. LOTS of good information there.
Boiled linseed oil µpainted¶ on cloth makes µoilcloth¶, and painted (thinly!) directly on wood is also a good (but slow curing) wood finish. Some people find that the boiled oil by itself dries fast enough to be used directly. A mix of 1/3 boiled linseed oil, 1/3 mineral spirits (paint thinner) and 1/3 of a good quality floor varnish. (Warning: not all varnishes work in this mix ± test first ± it may have been a problem mixing with my varnish. Test with a small amount first.)
Cutting dados is not possible on a band saw, but they can be done on a router.
Surplus Center is also a good source for parts. https://www. surpluscenter. com/home. asp Edmund Scientific http://scientificsonline.com/Default.asp« American Science and surplus http://www.sciplus.com/category.cfm/subs« Burden's surplus center https://www.surpluscenter.com/home.asp
Here is another web site you can use http://www.csgnetwo rk.com/pulleybel tcalc.html
Go to this web site below, there is a calculator for belts sizes, and many other calculators for different things http://www.calculat oredge.com/ mech/vbelt% 20length. htm
--This page has an unusual planting/harvesting timetable, scroll to the bottom. It's for Iowa so adjust for your frost dates. http://www.extension.iastate.edu/publications /pm534.pdf This has some technical info on Vegetable Maturity Dates, Yields and Storage requirements. From North Dakota. http://www.ag. ndsu.edu/ pubs/plantsci/ hortcrop/ h912w.htm Vegetable planning & planting guide, Arizona
http://ag.arizona. edu/pubs/ garden/mg/ vegetable/ guide.html Here's a ripeness guide http://www.almanac. com/garden/ vege/ripeness. php When to Harvest Vegetables, from New Mexico http://aces. nmsu.edu/ pubs/_h/h- 216.html Planting and Harvesting Guide North Carolina http://www.ces. ncsu.edu/ chatham/ag/ SustAg/plantingg uide.html Vegetable Garden Calendar, useful chart http://www.savvygar dener.com/ Features/ veg_garden_ calendar. html Guides to 58 garden vegetables, from Cornell, good details Each profile contains a detailed description and growing instructions, site and soil requirements, varieties, and solutions for managing pests and diseases. http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening
On Ebay, if the tool listing the brand name says µOther¶, then read that as saying ¶junk¶! Really.
Shaker pegs =- 2 1/4 long ± legs for doll chairs, or for everything µdollish¶
You can locate a lot of people by using Directory Assistance on-line ... go to http://www.daplus.us
Semiconductor Companies ATMEL Manufacturer of Microcontrollers and EEPROM's, Main Website AVR and ATMega Application Notes Applications Notes AVR Studio for Writing and Compiling AVR Assembly Code plus other software AVR Software Tools ANALOG DEVICES Manufacturer of specialized analog IC's and microcontrollersMain Website Monthly Analogue Newsletter with Updates and Topics of interest. Analog Dialogue Design Center with Application Notes and Datasheets Design Center MAXIM Manufacturer of linear IC's, Dallas Real Time Clocks and Microcontrollers Main Website Design Guides, Application Notes and DatasheetsDesign Library Tutorials to help expand your knowledge and assist with your design Helpful Tutorials MICROCHIP Manufacturer of Microcontrollers and EEPROM's Main Website Design Guides, Application Notes and Datasheets Design Center Monthly eNewsletter containing the lastest release devices and design notesMicrosolutions Newsletter NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR National's Design Guide is now online. Linear Designer's Guide See Bob Pearse's Lecture on the web. Bob Pearse Lecture Information Appliance's Update. Goto National.com PHILIPS Manufacture of a wide range of IC's Semiconductor Website Electronic Magazines CIRCUIT CELLAR Excellent Magazine for those interested in Microcontrollers and Embedded Solutions Circuit Cellar SILICON CHIP For General Electronics and for some great practical kits to construct Silicon Chip ELEKTOR ELECTRONICS The new look Elecktor Magazine has a wide range of articles on both electronics and microcontrollers Elektor Electronics
ELECTRONIC DESIGN Magazine and Useful Articles. Goto Electronic Design EDN Trade Electronics Magazine for the professional, covers new technology and designs EDN NUTS & VOLTS Magazine and Useful Articles. Goto Nuts and Volts
Gas sensor for robot ± a robot µnose¶ http://www.futurlec.com/Gas_Sensors.shtml
I just started a book called "I hate people" by Jonathan Littman & Marc Hershon In the beginning it says; "89% of people say rudeness is a serious problem. 78% say it's gotten worse in the past ten years. 99% of people say they aren't rude. -U.S. News & World Report"
I find that ironic and exceptionally funny. I have to ask ± are we importing rude people?
Just wanted to share this site, it has good quality faux furs with a decent selection. Shorter Fur http://www.mendels.com/fur1.shtml Longer Fur http://www.mendels.com/fur2.shtml
Gum Arabic Sources Who wanted to know about this??
www.dansmith.com 1 800-426-6740 1 gal $42.25 gum arabic. Good art supplier!
1 gal $34.00 gum arabic.
Methylcellulose Powder http://willpowder.com/methylcellulose.html#SGA You want Methylcellulose SGA7C - used in the food industry, it creates a firm gel at 3844 C. You can also find methylcellulose powder at a well equipped drugstore. It is used as a bulk laxative drink, like metamucil.
Xanthan Gum Often used by those with celiac or gluten allergies, xanthan gum is used in gluten free baking and is available in powdered form the natural-foods section of your supermarket. It adds a nice µsliminess¶ to the finished product.
General Table top heigth 29 - 30 inches General Chair seat height 17 inches
www.Iwantagoat.com This is a good (and cheap!) charity to give people a lifetime of work, by providing live goats.
Special switch light covers A layout / µtry box¶ can be made from a metal wall plug box and a switch, and 6-32 screws pointed to mark drill points on underside of cover.
Other Shop items
Tenon Cutter 1 inch $14.95 (lowest so far at:)
Band saws range in throat capacity from 8" to 36", with either two or three wheels for the blade. Blades for the home shop range from 1/8" to 1" wide, the narrow blades are used to cut small radius curves, the wide blades are used for straight cuts such as resawing.
A good quality (2 wheel!) band saw properly set up will become one of the most used tools in your shop. Choose at least a 14" model if you plan to do much resawing, the smaller models are, well, a bit too light.
Most would choose a band saw over a table saw if only one of them could be had, they are so much more versatile. The only downside is that band saws require more set up than any other tool in the shop, different operations require different blades, each time a blade is changed the saw has to be µtuned¶ to that particular blade. Many shops eventually end up with a large machine for heavy work and a smaller machine with a narrower blade for fine work.
I use an electric baby bottle warmer to melt bees wax and add to it about 4 to 6 parts of a 50/50 mix of mineral and vegetable oils and stir well. It gives a good, all purpose, paste wax. The warmer is the same one I use to melt hide glue. Crock pots also work well for this.
Tips for turning wood: Pour your end-grain sealer into a clean, wide-mouth clothes detergent bottle. The lid makes a handy dipping container for your brush and the leftovers will drain back into the bottle when you recap the jug. ---
y y y
The ID (in) of a finger ring can be found from ID=0.032*R+0.458 where R is the ring size, e.g., size 6 ring has an id of 0.65 in. The major diameter of a numbered thread (e.g. 6-32) is given by D=0.013*N+0.060 so a #6 has a major diameter of 0.138 in. A rough way to calculate tap drill size (DRILL is much better) is to subtract the pitch (in units of length/thread) from the nominal diameter: 1/4 (in) - 20 (tpi) => 1/4 (in) - 1/20 (ipt) = 0.2 in (#7 drill) 6 x 1 mm => 6 - 1 = 5 mm pi~=355/113 with an error of only 0.002% (22/7 is in error by 0.9%) A (US) penny is almost exactly 0.75" diameter. A (US) nickel weighs ~5 grams. A (US) dollar bill is (imprecisely) 2.5 x 6".
y y y y
y y y y
A (US) standard(?) business card is 2 x 3.5". Zig-Zag cigarette paper is ~0.001" thick. Metric length conversions aren't difficult. The (Imperial) inch is defined as exactly 25.4 millimeters. Memorize that number. John Pagett of Birmingham, UK sent along a clever way of converting fractional inches to their metric equivalent. Keep doubling numerator and denominator until the denominator is 256. Then the numerator divided by ten is the equivalent in mm with an error of only 0.78% 13/64 = 26/128 = 52/256 -> 52/10 -> 5.2 mm (correct value = 5.159375 mm) Steve Redmond points out that mm->in can be done approximately by multiplying by 4 and dividing by 100. 30 mm * (4/100) =~ 1.2 in (correct value = 1.181) Rule of thumb for milling cutters: depth of cut <= 0.5 * cutter diameter. Stan Dornfeld sends along a handy relation he uses for calculating feeds when drilling: d = drill diameter (in) r = spindle speed (rpm) f = feed (in/min) f = d * r / 30 Quick way to compute allowance for standard 118 deg. drill tip: multiply drill diameter by 0.3 A one foot head of water exerts a pressure of 0.433 psi. A 2.309 feet head of water exerts a pressure of one psi. The flow (GPM = gallons/minute) from a horizontal pipe of (inside) diameter d (in) can be estimated by measuring how far from horizontal the stream has dropped, y (in), at a distance x (in) from the end of the pipe and using the formula GPM = 2.56 * x * d * d / sqrt(y). Most people, when they make homemade signs, make the letters way too small. A good rule of thumb is 2.5 to 3 inches of letter height for every 100 feet of viewing distance. Tap drill size for a thread-forming tap can be found from: tap drill = OD - 0.0068*(DOT)/pitch For example, with a 1/4-20 tap and a desired depth of thread of 65%, we have: tap drill = 0.25 - 0.0068*65/20 = 0.228 in. (#1 drill) This one from Redgie Joy: When grinding cutting tools to an accurate profile it is difficult to prevent the layout from getting destroyed by the heat of grinding. Neither Dykem blue or magic marker stand up very well. Mix a dilute solution of Copper Sulfate (Blue Stone) and water. A couple of small lumps dissolved into water is fine. Add a drop or two of Sulfuric Acid (Battery Acid). The acid is not necessary, it just makes it work better. Degrease the toolbit, then paint a drop or two of the solution on the bit. It will immediately leave a thin coating of copper plate on the bit. Wash off in water, then scribe the profile in the copper plate. The copper will
not burn off during heating, and since it is very thin, it is possible to engrave extremely fine lines. y The Imperial measurement system is hands-down one of the most nonsensical systems still used in (a few) industrialized countries. One of its most ludicrous examples is the system used for indicating the weight of an anvil. A triplet of numbers, e.g., a:b:c, is cast into or stamped onto the anvil. The first number is the number of hundredweights (cwt), the second number is the number of quarters (of a cwt), and the third number is pounds. Thus, the formula for the weight of the anvil in pounds is: 112*a + 28*b + c. The fact that a hundredweight is really 112 pounds and not 100 pounds has something to do with the British who thought eight stone 'looked' like about 100 lbs. Since a stone is 14 pounds, 8*14 = 112. Contact John Cleese at the Ministry of Funny Walks and Ridiculous Units for further information. The full series of BA (British Association) threads runs from N=0 to N=22. The pitch of a given thread is given by P(mm)=(0.9)^N and its diameter is given by D(mm)=6 * P^(1.2). All BA threads have a thread angle of 47.5 deg. The volume of a pizza of thickness 'a' and radius 'z' is given by pi z z a.
Due to the ever changing world of businesses, web sites, and phone numbers, the information here is only as accurate as what is easily locatable at the time of this writing. No guarantees to the accuracy of each item listed. This list has been compiled to provide general access to information and services for hobbyist and professional alike« Almost all have 800 or 888 numbers.
Woodworking Tools, Dealers, Suppliers, Web Sites and Services
Tool Sharpening: Scott's Sharpening Service 5214 W Luke Ave. Ste 7
Glendale, AZ 85301 623-931-0633 1-800-594-7262
Other Woodworking Related Businesses: Tooling (bits, blades, etc):
Amana Tool Corp. 800-445-0077 http://www.amanatool.com
CMT USA 888-268-2487 http://www.cmtusa.com
Customer Service Hardware 800-822-0009 1170 Wauwatosa Rd. Cedarburg, WI 53012 http://www.cshardware.com
DML 800-626-1802 http://www.primarktoolgroup.com
Forrest Manufacturing Company 800-733-7111 http://stores.yahoo.com/forrestman
Freeborn Tool Company 800-523-8988 http://www.freeborntool.com
Freud Inc. http://www.theleadedge.com/freudcatalog.htm (vendor) 800-472-7307
F.S. Tool Corporation 800-387-9723 http://www.fstoolcorp.com
Jesada Tools 800-531-5559 http://www.jesada.com
Ridge Carbide Tool Corp. 800-443-0992 http://www.ridgecarbidetool.com
Router Bits on the Web 888-811-7269 http://www.routerbits.com
Schlabaugh & Sons 800-346-9663 720 14th St. Kalona, IA 52247 http://www.schsons.com
Suffolk Machinery 800-234-7297 http://www.suffolkmachine.com
Systimatic Company http://www.systimatic.com 800-426-0000
The Cutting Edge 800-790-7980 http://www.cuttingedgetools.com
The Olson Saw Company 203-792-8622 http://tools-plus.woodmall.com/toolsplus/osc.html
Vermont American Tool Company 800-742-3869 http://www.vermontamerican.com
Unfortunately they no longer make the weights for my scale, but you may find they have what you need, since these scales are such precision instruments it seems to me like a smart move to keep them that way by finding the weights that belong with it. I keep an upside down aquarium over mine to maintain its dead-on accuracy. (a clever, effective, low cost substitute for a glass case) But take a look at electronic scales! They are low cost, effective, and fun to use!
I've bought two Deltas in the last couple years, one prior to and one after the Black and Decker purchase, and the difference was easily noticed, just about all the tools involved (porter cable/delta/bosch) went to crap after black and decker bought them. I have a 12" deltamiter saw, bought a few years ago, and every time I'm in the hardware stores I check out the toy shelves, and the last few deltas and PC's I played with on the shelves had that cheap rumbling feel to the slides. Also, the new porter cable circular saw is a real piece of SHIT, buy anything but Porter cable now, they
trashed the one thing that made the porter cable a GREAT saw the directional chute is just a chip catcher now, what kind of a brain dead moron uses a 3/8 tube to direct sawdust and chips, then has the true stupid genes show through by putting a right angle bend in it and expects it to work right? The 'new' saw is designed wrong, it's useless now, one hardware store up here has decided to quit selling porter cable because of it, he said he sold ten saws and had nine come back the first week. (modern hardware, kalamazoo ave GR mi.)
I bought one because my old pc got swiped, used it ONE DAY and the bearings went out, swapped it, used that one two days and it started to smell like burned insulation, swapped that one in and the depth wouldn't stay in position, so I took it in got my money back and went chasing down all the 'low-volume' hardware stores till I found one that still had the old style in stock, bought the display model. I never liked Dewalt, too much for too little tool, their saws always sound like they're working too hard, their cordless tools burn out too easily when used heavily (or they did with the first two I had, they may have changed that, but since I'm already turned off to dewalt, I'll never know first hand! strangely enough I still have and USE the old Skill 12v that I bough the first dewalt to replace because the skill was getting too OLD) their cordless saws always sound like they're spinning a bearing. At present I own two delta miter saws, a delta table saw, delta planer, two porter cable cordless drills, two PC cordless saws, two porter cable nailers, PC routers and sanders,delta bench sander, and couple of Bosch hammer drills, the other tools are old, spanning 1935 to 1960, unless Black and decker brings quality of the deltas/PC back up I'll be buying hitachi tools when it's time to replace them I won't buy dewalt, I already own a dewalt reciprocating saw, and while itworks fine, I have to file the tang on blades unless I buy dewalt blades, because they get stuck hard enough that I have to disassemblethe lock to get them back out(dewalt blades, drill bits, and driver bits are useless, went through so many of their driver bits I could own stock, the carbide on their sawblades is THINNER and lasts less than the carbide on cheaply harbor freight blades. I'd rather run ryobi than dewalt, and as much as I've been a fan of delta/porter cable for YEARS, it's likely I won't buy any more deltas either, can't say about the bigger tools, but have plenty of experience with the smaller tools, and won't buy dewalt.
Home Depot 2630 Wilma Rudolph Blvd Clarksville, TN 37040 (931)906-2655
Home Depot has new 12-1/2" Delta planer for $179. How cheap does a person want?
Here are some links I found. The grinder was about $40, the tool rest about $30, and the wheel about $20 I think. Free plans for a sharpen wood chisels jig http://www.am-wood.com/june98/chiseljig.html Veritas Tool Rest http://shop.woodcraft.com/Woodcraft/product_family.asp?family%5Fid=235&a mp;gift=False&Gift=false&mscssid=90FA101B78F3422BBBDD2A78E98DD1BE Some different ideas on the grinder, along with pics of the tool rest and white wheels http://www.finelinehair.com/home/bench_grinder.htm Lee Valley page with Good pics of how the veritas rest works. http://www.leevalley.com/wood/page.asp?page=32973&category=1,43072,4 5938&ccurrency=2&SID=
On Sat, 23 Jul 2005 14:24:01 GMT, Ecnerwal <LawrenceSMITH@SOuthernVERmont.NyET> wrote:
Marketing [finding people to buy your product] is at least 50% of the work in doing a business, and is completely missing from his analysis. One of the many routes to not-fun, unless you happen to like that sort of thing.
Well, not completely missing, just not really followed heavily. I was making the point that there's some money to made *without* worrying about marketing that much. Something like a $1000 molder wouldn't hold up to a huge-volume millworks anyhow- a tool on that scale merits something on the order of a flyer on the bulletin board at a laundry mat, or a working relationship with one small contractor! I guess perhaps I've just been lucky, but I've built one modest contracting job (I call it a job, and not a company because it was only me, and no tax ID or business name) and am in the process of doing it again. In both cases, I found one project, and ended up with more free word of mouth advertising than I even really wanted.
There's also sharpening cutters, the fact that boards and boards which will machine into acceptable molding are not the same thing, and even some boards which you think will machine into acceptable molding will not (especially if your cutters are dull), and will be waste, which the customer will not buy, but you will have to pay for. That's just barely scratching the surface, but illustrates a small amount of what you need to consider when you look at opening up a new business. Try making some hickory, ash or purpleheart molding - you might discover why it's not that common...
All valid points- and the reason why I didn't suggest quitting the day job and trying to put the local millworks out of business. When you do something like this on a small scale, it's not that tough to grab a board or two of each species, give them each a quick run through to test them, and *then* offer them for sale. Most things are not as difficult as you might think, it's just a matter of being aware of what you are and are not capable of - I'd never try and bid for a multi-million dollar shopping mall or the like, because it is just too big- same thing with this, you just have to know when and how to say no.
On the small scale, it's a lot more possible to reclaim scrap by hand sanding tear out or using it for a personal project - 30 or 40 bf can be pretty easy to swallow, but 5000 is a different story. The real problem that a lot of folks run into isn't materials and tooling- it's hiring help on without enough orders because they want the company to grow like a weed, and then trying to make payroll whether the company turned a profit or not - can't be in a hurry about that sort of thing, unless you're a very lucky gambler!
On wood turning The equipment cost varies, if you like spindle turning, like pen turning, tops, yoyos, whistles etc. a small lathe and grinder and a set of small tools will do, a drill press is nice, a arbor press, and belt sander a nice extra.
If bowl and hollow turning is what's wanted, then a better quality lathe is needed, and lathe size and weight should go up as turning size goes up, lathe size does not mean swing over the ways or inches between head and tail stock, but spindle and bearing size plus the actual lathes mass, motor and belts size should also increase in line with the capabilities of the lathe, and the tools become bigger and more costly to purchase, also the wood for bowls and hollow turning need more outlay either in money to buy or in tools and time investment, like a chain saw and bandsaw, pickup truck and or trailer, spare chain and sharpening setup. Also a grinder and jig to keep your tools sharp, and more sealer and sand paper and finish and room to store your rough outs. And then enough buddies to give all those magnificent and breath taking works of art. Making money ?? well unless you want to turn pillars and other architectural turnings like 10 staircase spindles or twenty of those finials etc. filling time between orders with making so many pens and scoops and mushrooms etc. you will be lucky to pay for the tools and incidentals, unless you are some real special turner with a lot of talent and good ideas. So is it just a retiree hobby, NO, it is much more in my opinion, you'll find out, it's addictive.
1. a good lathe is needed - size is the variable. you can use a mini (I used a nova comet) to turn items with transparent walls, but you can only do this with items up to about 3 inches in diameter, above that the lathe just can't handle it (not rigid enough). Eventually I bought a Stubby, and can turn about 44 inches (between centers) - you are right it's cheaper to buy once, but good quality mini-lathes are a whole lot less expensive than good quality "full sized" lathes.
2. you absolutely do not need a laser system to turn wood µthin¶ - but it is helpful if you wish to turn thin AND have a narrow top - but my opinion - thin is overrated - I can turn goblets with translucent walls pretty easily, and it's cool, but really thin is not good (in my opinion) for a bowl or many other items.
3. there is nothing wrong with carbon steel tools - you have to sharpen more often, but you get a better edge. Don't go on a tool buying binge, you won't need 85% of what you buy in the first year by the time you get to the 5th year. One or two excellent quality gouges, and a pile of lesser tools will do. Eschew fancy hollowing systems for a couple of years and make bowls, boxes and goblets.
4. get variable speed
5. you will need an air compressor, and some air tools, don't forget those.
Buy a lathe and some tooling first, then hold off for a while and just refuse to buy anything for at least a year.
If M2 was good then more expensive alloys should be great and everybody thought so. It now appears that with the cost and questionable tradeoffs of these superior steels coupled with the ease of frequent sharpening, we may be going back to M2 as the consensus workhorse. I've often wondered if round stock, milled flutes, swept back edges and good sharpening jigs had existed during high carbon steel's heyday would HSS been such an advance. Carbon steel tools varied then as much as HSS does now. Some were very good, many weren't.
If you¶re looking for good quality router bits at reasonable prices check out this link! http://mlcswoodworking.com/shopsite_sc/store/html/smarthtml/pages/bt_core.html ----
Re-new Dusty, Dingy Leather! ~~ Give dinginess & dust a boot to your leather with egg whites! Dip a clean cloth in an egg white and lightly coat the leather. Let sit for 3 minutes then wipe off and buff with a clean soft dry cloth. Leather will shine like new again!
The story of the eBay 1$ hand drill«
I had gotten in to doing some eBay bidding and ran across a listing for a new electric hand drill, with a starting price of 1$. Ok. I bid 1$ on it, just to see what would happen, you understand ± and I won the bid! Or lost, depending on how you
want to look at the final results. When the drill, well, call it an item, arrived, it was so cheaply made it was a µdrill¶ in name only. When I chucked a drill bit in it, and tried to drill a modest hole in metal, WITHIN SECONDS SMOKE CAME OUT OF IT! The only possible use for an item this cheap is a µlightning rod tool¶, which you leave out in the hopes it¶s stolen, and not one of your good tools.
Home µshop made¶ tools
Foot switch from Harbor Freight
There are two basic types - step on it and the unit is on as long as your foot is down¶ ( a µnormally open¶ switch), and the other action, a µstep on it and on, step again, it¶s off¶. Ok?
These switches are not often found in local hardware stores« look to see if you can get them cheaper, but I would be surprised if you can. Harbor Freight does some things right, if you save the paperwork for the warranty!.
It¶s for 110V, at 15 amps, more amperage than you can safely pull from the average wall socket. Overall dimensions: 6-3/8" L x 3-1/2" W x 2-3/4" H Weight: 1.25 lbs. ITEM 96618-1VGA $13.00
Shop made tools µConvert any electric motor into a polisher, grinder, sander, flap wheel sander, or bufferµ, the add says. Well, kind of. Flap wheel sanders work best because they are not totally dependent on the drive shaft centering. These items work best on things that are not totally dependent on centering. The reason is simple enough, motor bearings are not spindle quality. And the shafts might be bent a bit, are not a precision mount, and
the mounting is not running on precision bearings. Sometimes you have to try different position combinations to get the best low running vibration. Rubber bound abrasives (Cratex wheels) don¶t have to be as centered. Or flap sander wheels, or wire brush wheels, so they work well.
Multi-purpose work arbor for motors with 1/2'' or 5/8 shafts. Right hand arbor for counter-clockwise rotation. Spindle thread: Right Hand, 1/2'',-20 TPI
Make your own power tools By the way, there are a few different gadgets that can be used directly on the shafts of electric motors IF they turn in the right direction! See why I suggested the motor have a wiring diagram on it? Hint: rewire them if they don¶t. Like what? Like arbors that turn a 1/3 or 5/8 electric motor into a machine of your choosing. No, there are no major money savers here. - the items are ok for making tools for home shop use, but not much more than that. An example: Woodcraft.com is a good place to go. 1 (800) 225 - 1153 Expand your shop's working capabilities while putting spare or old motors to good use! Create your own tools for sharpening, polishing, sanding or grinding with these quality accessories. Recommended for 1725 RPM motors. Double End Mandrels. These simple pulley-driven mandrels feature a 12" by 5/8" shaft supported by two pillow blocks with locking shaft collars. Wire wheels, buffs, etc. are easily mounted on the 1/2"-20 TPI shaft ends. 1/2"-20 TPI right hand thread one end, left hand thread other end. Center pulley is 2" in diameter. Available with bronze or heavy-duty ball-bearing blocks. Work Arbors attach directly onto motor shafts for attaching abrasive, wire, and cloth polishing wheels. Machined from solid bar stock, includes flanges, nut, and 1/2"-20 TPI right hand threading. Arbor Chucks. These keyless, 3 jaw, 1/2" capacity chucks mount on your motor shaft and hold wheel strops, sanding drums, rotary files, drills and other shaft-mounted
accessories. Sanding Discs. These 8" aluminum discs attach directly onto 1/2" or 5/8" diameter motor shafts or thread onto a mandrel with a 1/2"-20 TPI right hand thread. Build your own disc sander and save some money, set up three in a line with different grits and speed up production runs! These right-hand threaded arbors attach to your electric motor for an instant, direct drive polishing, sanding, or grinding work station. Arbor chucks ½ inch keyless $20
8 inch Sanding disk platter $17 Of course this can be used as a vertical disk sander, but think about using it as a horizontal sanding disk as well. Ok, you would need some way to adjust the position of the motor/disk combo, but that is not an impossible mechanical task.
One problem is a missing dust pickup for a wood lathe. To correct the problem, start with a ½ gallon milk container. Add a female connector That¶s about right. Connect into it the right size hose going to a small shop vacuum. The centering on the motor shaft can be off, and so can the centering on the arbor. I suggest you start with a slow speed motor (1725 rpm) - no use forcing problems into happening at high speeds. Look around for chucks that take the 1/2''-20 TPI right hand mount. Be warned, three jaw chucks are not the most centered items to start with, and« as a rule, the more adapters you add, the more off center the spinning mass will be. Flap sanders don¶t mind being off center a bit, but for a sanding drum, well, excessive drum wobble works against you. Go slow! Murphy¶s law says you will find lots of 5/8 motors when you only have a 1/2 arbor, and when you do find a ½ inch motor it will rotate in the wrong direction. If it¶s bidirectional it will be hooked up wrong. Read the label for reconnecting. I do suggest you keep looking for usable motors, even if you have what you need for the moment. Water is not a total killer of electric motors. It¶s not too good for them, true, (rust in bearings!) but does not µforever¶ kill them, if they are dried in say, a hot attic for two weeks. There are even some motors that don¶t even notice water. Dust proof, and even totally sealed motors are a bit rare, true, but do show up. But you don¶t have to have a special motor to survive a wetting. It¶s not a real killer that a motor got wet in the past, as long as it dried out before
you use it. You should not use an electric motor wet, however. Use spray oil to halt the bearings getting hit with rust, and make sure the motor is dry before you plug it in.
1/2'' Right Threads HAND MOTOR ARBOR
µConvert any motor into a polisher, grinder, sander, flap wheel sander, or bufferµ, the add says. Well, kind of. Flap wheel sanders work best because they¶re not dependent on the drive shaft centering. These items work best on things that are not totally dependent on centering. The reason is simple enough, motor bearings are not spindle quality. The shafts are not a precision mount, and the mounting is not always running on precision bearings. Sometimes you have to try different combinations.
Multi-purpose work arbor for motors with 1/2'' or 5/8 shafts. Right hand arbor for counter-clockwise rotation. Spindle thread: RH, 1/2'',-20 TPI
http://www.doityourself.com sells ½ drill chuck, plus other things
Hot melt glue sticks (for general assembly, and other uses) A hot melt glue gun is a nice item to µpair¶ items to be jointly shaped on a sander. The µglue¶ is really a flexible, low melt plastic. µPairing¶ two items lets you better sand
the edges of two items as one item.- and then use the heat gun to separate them, if so needed.
A µtool¶ for any shop, any products A µtool¶ for any shop - you should buy is Sunnyside Lacquer Thinner ( Methyl Alcohol, Toluene, Acetone, others ) 1-800-323-8611 www.sunnysidecorp.com At 4 bucks for a pint it may seem spendy and unnecessary, but this stuff rules! For example, it thins contact cement (which is spendy, use it all up with a µthinner re-fill¶!) as well as doing other jobs like thinning lacquers, thinning epoxy, and cleanup in general. Warning: Contact cement has a secret mission in life ± to glom up the threads of any container it¶s in. This includes the stuff you poured into a homemade µbrush in a jar¶ item (a useful item, make two or more). So, use Lacquer Thinner! on them.
Some saw dusts from a belt sander can give you real medical problems. Really.
Cratex rubber bound abrasive wheels
Kit 777 (wheels and points for the Dermal tool )
You can get 8 inch wheels for a bench grinder ± even use a stone to true and dress it - just don¶t use it as a normal grinding wheel ± it will (and has!) grabbed and thrown things if you don¶t keep the nature of the wheel in mind«
Cratex, 518 Stone Road, Bencia, Ca. 94510
The Harbor Freight band sander: Other machines, other uses This unit can drive other types of belts by the way. You can also do other tricks. Flip the belt and sand things from the back, for example. You can make a µpower strop¶ if you replace the belt with a leather belt charged with black buffing compound, for example. Warning: Not everything can be made into a belt. And unless you take a bit of care, not every belt you made will µtrack¶, that is, work on your machine. For that matter, you can even make this into a µtape¶ sander. Think about it. If the machine can drive a 1 inch wide belt, it can also drive a narrow belt as well, right? Make your own, or just Googol µabrasive tapeµ, and look for Mitchell¶s Abrasives. http://www.mitchellsabrasives.com/ Or call 770-242-0888 - e-mail is at email@example.com Hopefully the factory will now be making full, true belts of their product. If not, you can make your own. How? Well, an abrasive tape is basically a tape loop, some glue on one side, and sprinkled with abrasive grains. If those abrasive grains are just on one side of the tape there will be no excessive wear on the platen. If both sides of the tape have grit you will have to remove the platen and just use the wheels to guide the belt. As it¶s really just a narrow belt sander, the general rules of power sander use apply. For wood working, under 100 grit is for stock shaping; for metal working, under 180 grit is best for stock shaping.
Harbor Freight ---
4 drum sander add-ons
A Power Carver«
Otherwise known as a power chisel« The smaller version Warning: After 10 minutes of steady use the Proxxon 38642 SGM Power Carver gets hot enough to need gloves to use it (this is normal operation!). As the Proxxon 38642 SGM Power Carver is the best rated unit until you get to 10 times its price, buying two is still cheaper than a commercial equivalent unit at 10 times its price ± so buy the first unit to see if you like it. Then extend its use with a step on foot switch. Then buy a whole other second setup, if you use the first one a lot. (Warning: small projects only suggested for first time users) If you do, later on add a second unit to switch to, and to let the first unit cool down from use while using the second one. Plus you now have a backup unit ready if the first one fails, but these are solid units, not without a good warranty - . http://www.woodcarverssupply.com Wood Carvers Supply, Inc., PO Box 7500, Englewood, FL 34295-7500 USA Questions: 1-941-460-0123, Fax: 1-941-460-9433
FLEXCUT RECIPROCATING POWER BLADE SET $194.94 $195! Just for blades? That¶s almost as much as I spent for the tool in the first place. ok
RECIPRO BLADE #28-1/2" RG351 Item #: 993351 $12.25 4PC FLEXCUT RECIPROCATING POWER BLADE SET Get the most out of your reciprocating power carver! Razor sharp blades (Rc 60-61 hardness) fit these units: Mastercarver® black colored Recipro-Carver Pro handpieces (792400) purchased after July 2001, plus McCulloch (4-in1) Ryobi®, Proxxon & AutoMap (HCT30 $ 36.00
The larger version
Practical advice on shipping
NEVER ship UPS to Canada... They even was one of those consumer TV shows who had a special show just dedicated to how UPS robs us blind to clear customs. UPS in Canada charges an arm and a leg to clear customs, and wow, is it ever expensive. It is NEVER cheap to send via UPS to cross the border. US Postal Service First Class Mail International AND Priority Mail are great Canada Post clears the stuff, and more often than not, they do not charge a cent for clearing customs. Otherwise, the maximum they can charge is a $5 fee for clearing the item + taxes (for Alberta, it's just the Federal GST at 5%). If it needs to go by courier for whatever reason, FedEx is much better (they only charge about $20-$25 to clear customs on top of taxes).
What you should know about choosing the types of wood for birdhouses There are plenty of choices when it comes to types of wood for birdhouses. Here are a few tips that should help you decide. I recommend you don't use any pressuretreated woods for birdhouses. The chemicals can be toxic to your birds (sawdust is not so good for you too) and their chicks ± and you too, as well. This goes for painted woods that may have a lead based paint, or are pretreated with creosote. Here is a safe list of woods that can be used:
y y y y
Pine Redwood Cedar (smells nice!) Spruce
You shouldn't have any problems using these woods - we recommend they be at least 3/4 inches thick so they can stand up to the elements!
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