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Q1. Focal length of a convex lens of refractive index monochromatic

1.5 is 2 cm. Focal length of the lens when immersed in light will retrace its path if its angle of incidence over
a liquid of refractive index of 1.25 will be [1988] the refracting surface of the prism is
(a) 10 cm (a) 0°
(b) 2.5 cm (b) 30°
(c) 5 cm (c) 45°
(d) 7.5 cm (d) 60°
Q2. Ray optics is valid, when characteristic Q7. Time taken by sunlight to pass through a window
dimensions are [1989] of thickness 4 mm whose refractive index is 3/2 is
(a) of the same order as the wavelength of light (a) 2 × 10–4 sec
(b) much smaller than the wavelength of light (b) 2 × 108 sec
(c) of the order of one millimeter (c) 2 × 10–11 sec
(d) much larger than the wavelength of light (d) 2 × 1011 sec
Q3. A ray is incident at an angle of incidence i on one Q8. A point source of light is placed 4 m below the
surface of a prism of small angle A and emerges surface of water of refractive index 5/3 . The
normally from the opposite surface. If the refractive minimum diameter of a disc, which should be placed
index of the material of prism is P, the angle of over the source, on the surface of water to cut off all
incidence is nearly equal to light coming out of water is [1994]
(a) infinity
(b) 6 m
(c) 4 m
(d) 3 m
Q9. Angle of deviation (G) by a prism (refractive index
= P and supposing the angle of prism A to be small)
can be given by

Q4. A beam of monochromatic light is refracted from

vacuum into a medium of refractive index 1.5, the
wavelength of refracted light will be
(a) dependent on intensity of refracted light
(b) same
(c) smaller
(d) larger
Q5. Green light of wavelength 5460 Å is incident on
an air-glass interface. If the refractive index of glass is Q10. Focal length of a convex lens will be maximum
1.5, the wave length of light in glass would be (c = 3 × for
108 m/s) [1991] (a) blue light
(a) 3640 Å (b) yellow light
(b) 5460 Å (c) green light
(c) 4861 Å (d) red light
(d) none of the above Q11. An achromatic combination of lenses is formed
Q6. There is a prism with refractive index equal to by joining [1995]
root 2 and the refracting angle equal to 30°. One of the (a) 2 convex lenses
refracting surfaces of the prism is polished. Abeam of (b) 2 concave lenses
(c) 1 convex and 1 concave lens

Apex Institute: Head Office- 62, Nitikhand-III, Indirapuram, GZB | | Cont.- 999 0495 952, 999 0494 712
(d) 1 convex and 1 plane mirror (b) 20 cm
Q12. The hypermetropia is a [1995] (c) –30 cm
(a) short-sight defect (d) 5 cm
(b) long-sight defect Q19. An astronomical telescope has a length of 44 cm
(c) bad vision due to old age and tenfold magnification. The focal length of the
(d) none of these objective lens is [1997]
Q13. If two mirrors are kept inclined at 60° to each (a) 4 cm
other and a body is placed at the middle, then total (b) 40 cm
number of images formed is [1995] (c) 44 cm
(a) six (d) 440 cm
(b) five Q20. Aluminous object is placed at a distance of 30
(c) four cm from the convex lens of focal length 20 cm. On the
(d) three other side of the lens, at what distance from the lens a
Q14. A lens is placed between a source of light and a convex mirror of radius of curvature 10 cm be placed
wall. It forms images of area A1 and A2 on he wall for in order to have an upright image of the object
its two different positions. The area of the source of coincident with it?
light is (a) 12 cm
(b) 30 cm
(c) 50 cm
(d) 60 cm
Q15. A convex lens of focal length 80 cm and a Q21. When a biconvex lens of glass having refractive
concave lens of focal length 50 cm are combined index 1.47 is dipped in a liquid, it acts as a plane sheet
together. What will be their resulting power? of glass. This implies that the liquid must have
(a) + 6.5 D refractive index.
(b) – 6.5 D (a) equal to that of glass
(c) + 7.5 D (b) less then one
(d) –0.75 D (c) greater than that of glass
Q16. Light travels through a glass plate of thickness t (d) less then that of glass
and refractive index u. If c is the speed of light in Q22. A plano-convex lens is made of material of
vacuum, the time taken by light to travel this refractive index 1.6. The radius of curvature of the
thickness of glass is curved surface is 60 cm. The focal length of the lens is
Q17. One face of a rectangular glass plate 6 cm thick (a) 50 cm
is silvered. An object held 8 cm in front of the first (b) 100 cm
face forms an image 12 cm behind the silvered face. (c) 200 cm
The refractive index of the glass is [1996] (d) 400 cm
(a) 0.4 Q23. Wavelength of light of frequency 100 Hz
(b) 0.8 (a) 2 × 166 m
(c) 1.2 (b) 3 × 106 m
(d) 1.6 (c) 4 × 106 m
Q18. A converging beam of rays is incident on a (d) 5 × 106 m
diverging lens. Having passed through the lens the Q24. The refractive index of the material of the prism
rays intersect at a point 15 cm from the lens on the is root 3; then the angle of minimum deviation of the
opposite side. If the lens is removed the point where prism is [1999]
the rays meet will move 5 cm closer to the lens. The (a) 30°
focal length of the lens is [2011M] (b) 45°
(a) – 10 cm (c) 60°
Apex Institute: Head Office- 62, Nitikhand-III, Indirapuram, GZB | | Cont.- 999 0495 952, 999 0494 712
(d) 75° of a convex lens.
Q25. The radius of curvature of a thin plano-convex The lens is placed at a distance 'd' ahead of second
lens is 10 cm (of curved surface) and the refractive wall, then the required focal length will be
index is 1.5. If the plane surface is silvered, then it (a) only d/4
behaves like a concave mirror of focal length (b) only d/2
(a) 10 cm (c) more than d/4 but less than d/2
(b) 15 cm (d) less than d/4
(c) 20 cm Q31. A convex lens is dipped in a liquid whose
(d) 5 cm refractive index is equal to the refractive index of the
Q26. A person is six feet tall. How tall must a vertical lens. Then its focal length will [2003]
mirror be if he is able to see his entire length? (a) remain unchanged
(a) 3 ft (b) become zero
(b) 4.5 ft (c) become infinite
(c) 7.5 ft (d) become small, but non-zero
(d) 6 ft Q32. The refractive index of the material of a prism is
Q27. Rainbow is formed due to a combination of root2 and its refracting angle is 30°. One of the
(a) dispersion and total internal reflection refracting surfaces of the prism is made a mirror
(b) refraction and absorption inwards. Abeam of monochromatic light enters the
(c) dispersion and focussing prism from the mirrored surface if its angle of
(d) refraction and scattering incidence of the prism is [2004]
Q28. An air bubble in a glass slab (u= 1.5) is 5 cm (a) 30°
deep when viewed from one face and 2 cm deep when (b) 45°
viewed from the opposite face. The thickness of the (c) 60°
slab is [2000] (d) 0°
(a) 7.5 cm Q33. A beam of light composed of red and green rays
(b) 10.5 cm is incident obliquely at a point on the face of
(c) 7 cm rectangular glass slab. When coming out on the
(d) 10 cm opposite parallel face, the red and green rays emerge
Q29.a light ray falls on a rectangular glass slab as from [2004]
shown the index of refraction of the glass, if total (a) one point propagating in the same direction
internal reflection is to occur at vertical face is (b) two points propagating in two different non-
parallel directions
(c) two points propagating in two different parallel
(d) one point propagating in two different directions
Q34. A telescope has an objective lens of 10 cm
diameter and is situated at a distance of one kilometer
from two objects. The minimum distance between
these two objects, which can be resolved by the
telescope, when the mean wavelength of light is 5000
Å, is of the order of
(a) 5 cm
(b) 0.5 m
Q30. A body is located on a wall. Its image of equal (c) 5 m
size is to be obtained on a parallel wall with the help (d) 5 mm
Q35. The angular resolution of a 10 cm diameter
Apex Institute: Head Office- 62, Nitikhand-III, Indirapuram, GZB | | Cont.- 999 0495 952, 999 0494 712
telescope at a wavelength of 5000 Å is of the order of
(a) 106 rad
(b) 10–2 rad
(c) 10–4 rad
Q41. A boy is trying to start a fire by focusing sunlight
(d) 10–6 rad
on a piece of paper using an equiconvex lens of focal
Q36. A convex lens and a concave lens, each having
length 10 cm. The diameter of the Sun is 1.39 ×109 m
same focal length of 25 cm, are put in contact to form
and its mean distance from the earth is 1.5 × 1011 m.
a combination of lenses. The power in diopters of the
What is the diameter of the Sun’s image on the paper?
combination is [2006]
(a) 9.2 × 10–4 m
(a) 50
(b) 6.5 × 10–4 m
(b) infinite
(c) 6.5 × 10–5 m
(c) zero
(d) 12.4 × 10–4 m
(d) 25
Q42. A ray of light travelling in a transparent medium
Q37. A microscope is focused on a mark on a piece of
of refractive index u, falls on a surface separating the
paper and then a slab of glass of thickness 3 cm and
medium from air at an angle of incidence of For which
refractive index 1.5 is placed over the mark. How
ofthe following value of u the ray can undergo total
should the microscope be moved to get the mark in
internal reflection?
focus again?
(a) u= 1.33
(a) 4.5 cm downward
(b) u= 1.40
(b) 1 cm downward
(c) u= 1.50
(c) 2 cm upward
(d) u= 1.25
(d) 1 cm upward
Q43. Which of the following is not due to total
Q38. The frequency of a light wave in a material is 2 ×
internal reflection? [2011]
1014 Hz and wavelength is 5000 Å. The refractive
(a) Working of optical fibre
index of material will be [2007]
(b) Difference between apparent and real depth of
(a) 1.50
(b) 3.00
(c) Mirage on hot summer days
(c) 1.33
(d) Brilliance of diamond
(d) 1.40
Q44. A biconvex lens has a radius of curvature of
Q39.A small coin resting on the bottom of a beaker
magnitude 20 cm. Which one of the following options
filled with liquid. A ray of light from coin travels upto
best describe the image formed of an object of height
the surface of the liquid and moves along its surface,
2 cm placed 30 cm from the lens?
how fast is the light travelling in the liquid?
(a) Virtual, upright, height = 1 cm [2011]
(b) Virtual, upright, height =0.5 cm
(c) Real, inverted, height = 4 cm
(d) Real, inverted, height = 1cm
Q45. A thin prism of angle 15° made of glass of
refractive index μ1 = 1.5 is combined with another
prism of glass of refractive index μ2 = 1.75. The
combination of the prism produces dispersion
without deviation. The angle of the second prism
(a) 2.4 × 108 m/s (b) 3.0 × 108 m/s
should be [2011M]
(c) 1.2 × 108 m/s (d) 1.8 × 108 m/s
(a) 7° (b) 10°
Q40. Two thin lenses of focal lengths f1 and f2 are in
(c) 12° (d) 5°
contact and coaxial. The power of the combination is:

Apex Institute: Head Office- 62, Nitikhand-III, Indirapuram, GZB | | Cont.- 999 0495 952, 999 0494 712