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PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II LABORATORY

Duhok Polytechnic University


Technical College of Engineering
Petrochemical Engineering Department

Lecturer's Name: Experiment Number:

Ms.sozan (3) Group (B)


Title of Experiment:

Hydrolysis of Methyl acetate

Lab Group (number and members): Date Expt. Performed:

Ibrahim Dewali 24/2/2018

Salih Zaki

Younis Aziz Date Report Submitted:

Maran Munir 3/3/2018

Lecturer's Comments

Marks:

Lecturer's Signature:
Hydrolysis of Methyl acetate

OBJECTIVES:

1. Find constant of rate


2. Determine the order of reaction
3. Find a half-life t1/2

INTRODUCTION:

Hydrolysis of acetate methyl by water gives the methanol and


acetic acid as the following interaction equation:
H+
CH3COOCH3 +H2O → CH3COOH2 + CH3OH
above not getting speeds can be measured in pure but hydrogen
ions serve as a catalyst increases the reaction rate and despite
the presence of more than one type of molecules involved in the
reaction above, but the interaction is first order because the
water present in the reaction a significant increase compared
with ester called this kind of interaction “pseudo first order
reaction “

ln a/a-x=k.t
a= amount of acetic acid released from of fully ester hydrolysis
and eqal the amount of ester already existing

a-x= The amount of non-reactive ester or remaining after a time


of t
Tools and materials used:
Procedure:

1. Prepare [100] ml of [0.1] N from HCl


2. Prepare [100] ml of [0.1] N from NaOH
3. Put [100] ml from [0.1] N of HCl into the flask
4. by pipette Move 5 ml of the ester to the flask containing of
[100] ml from[0.1] N HCl.
5. Shaking and record time from the beginning shaking as a time
of the beginning reaction
6. After [10] minutes of shaking pull [10] ml from the reaction
solution and add [20]of cold ice water to stop the reaction.
Rapidly titratte solution with [0.1] N from NaOH and used
ph.ph as indicate [until formation pink colour] volume of
NaOH=a
7. When the hydrolysis of the ester full or released the largest
amount of acetic acid from the interaction needs to be, for
example, a long-time 4hour alternative way . put [10] ml of ester
solution in a small beaker containing a few water condenser. Or
boiling in a water bath for one hour to we get the decomposition
of aqueous ester fully and titrate with [0.1] N from NaOH and
used ph.ph as indicater[until formation pink colour] volume of
NaOH=x

Every titration process, the amount of the base depleting = x ml


and It is equivalent to the amount of HCl in [10] ml + The
amount of acetic acid is relased from the reaction

a = It is equivalent amount HCl in [10] ml + The amount of


acetic acid is relased from the fully hydrolysis of ester

a-x= Equivalent to the amount of non-reactive ester after a time


of t
Calculation:

T time x ml a-xml a/a-x ln a/a-x


10 11 12.3 1.894 0.638
20 11.8 11.5 2.026 0.706
30 12.1 11.2 2.080 0.732

ln a/ a-x
0.74
30, 0.732

0.72

20, 0.706

0.7

0.68

0.66

10, 0.638
0.64

0.62
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

ln a/ a-x
Discussion:

1. We add HCl to increase the rate of reaction


2. We add cold water to increase the amount of H2O and
stop the reaction.
3. Because the dilution with water arrest the reaction but
the solution to be titrated at once.
4. The reaction is first order reaction and the result is not
correct it has some error the values of k in the graph is 0.035
and the values of k when applying the law is 0.00106

Conclusion:
The aim of our experiment was to Find constant of rate and
to Determine the order of reaction and also Find a half-life
t1/2 we certainly achieved that purpose our result is not
100% correct but that was because of the titration but we
fond slope and the half-life our result has some error but the
idea of how to calculate it is correct.