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.
' '
~ ·.'·:tESTCong0:?;2140l0· ~ ·~

·~
. l ' •• /. •• :. . •. "' •

FORMTPioo7i73 ...
. ·. MA Y/JliNE2007 .
. :•: ·;. : ;~- ..- .. ' .

···'. :·. ::-:,.:; ·.~. :·.. ~: ;·. ·•· : . :. : ·... . .. ··..


. .. · .. · .,_·.

NS CAREFULLy \
1. In addition to this test booklet, y·ou should
. .

2. Each item in this test has four suggested ~nc:Uh"•I"C!]ettered (A), (B), (c), q)). Read_.; e'ath item:you~re~·.:
about to answer and decide which choice is

3. On your answer sheet, find the numberwh · orresponds ~o yo.ur iterri arid s~age the space having ·
the same letter as the answer you have ch . Look ~it:ih€{~~TR)~;f~~~··~~~ow. ·
Sample Item

. Whichofthefollowingisthehig hestenergy sition in anorganic com po~nd?:

(A) n to cr* . Sample Answer


(B) n to 1t* . . .

(C) cr 'tO a* . :.@ . ®:e.@


(D) 1t 'tO 1t* . ~... . : . . .

......
The best answer to this item is "a 'tO a*", so ~tnc~-uvf~rspace (C) has been black~ned.

4." Ifyouwanttochangey~ura~swer,be.silreto youroldanswerco~pletely and fill in your new


choice.
5. When you are told to begin, tu~ the.pageand ·as quickly and as c~refully as you can. Ifyou cannot
answer an item, omit itandgoonto the next You can come back to the harder item later:. Your
score will be the total number ofcorre6t<111,"\VV.ul
6. You may do any rough work in this booklet.
7. Figures are not nece~sariJy drawn to scale.
8. The use ofnon-programmable calcu]ators is
9. Thistestconsistsof45 items. You will have minutestoanswedhem.
I 0. Do not be concerned that the answer sheet pro ·des spaces for more answers than there are items in
this test.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE YOU ARE.,TOL:P TO DO SO.

Copy.right ©2005 Caribbe


All rights
.

....3-
_ ...........__.
.....

R!i.--
.· ,~., . ;,;;~~~~~~::~~\dL ~',~;;;:.; · . .
The rate equation for a reactio~l" -is~given-bj:~·;~·:.:;: '"3",.:":-: ~:·/(li~::iitt~·-equation for the reaction between
r. ·~

1.

::er:ekc::mnt, k, •.~:-~:~: :· ·",~; ·: - ·~·:;r::~;~<::~!~;~~t::!:~~!::JI:~~:~ ~~ .


..
·. ~- : : : ... . :. :. ~ .. . ·.. riiol dm"1. ati(fstconds respectively, the units
(A) increases as tempeuiture increases .. {. . ·.. . .. ::bft.be nite,constant, k, would be
(B} decreases as temper-~ture in~r~a~es. · · · · ·· ·. · ·' · · ·" · ·· . · . - . '
(0) increases as concentration.increit.Sbs · "·. : ·: (ii\.) mol dm-3 s'
(D) decreases as concentration increases .(B) moP dm-6 s 1
(C) dm6 mol-2 s-'

(D)
0 ~
moP dm9 s 1
• ••

2. Which of the follo~ing graphs refers to a zero


order reaction?

: . i '~. . -· .-·- .
(A) .. .•.• t ...

Rate
-: ••· : ; .:_' t_ : .."! :. ~:~-: . :-."' ••• • :

Concentration ·· ·
......
. .; .: -:- :'.. - .
(B)
~
.
.:· .. : . •. .: ~

Concentration

(C)

Rate
· .....

Concentration·
_,.... /

(D)

Rate

Concentration

GOONIO+HENEXTPAG~
I!
.:OJ._.,.._ ··--
.& -~· ::·~a
.......... ·.:..· '·
-3-

• 4. Which of the following graphs represents t e 5. For.the equilib~ium,··


new shape ofthe.Boltzrruirjp di~tribut_ion wh n
...
--~ (~) ~-o~{~)---~-iNq(~j~~-H~+(89.k 1 moi- 1
. the temperature ·is.chan.ge'd f'rom'T/to a'lo\v ·f --. .. _.
tempera~re, T2 ? . 2
· which curv~· ~l;ow~:how lncrea5tng the total
.- .. -.· . . p·~~~sur~-- .o( :.tl)e sys_t~~-.:~ffects th~ yield of
(A) the ·product?

No. of
molecules (D)
with a
particu~ar
0/
energy 0

. :.·}-·:Yield:

Kinetic energy ~~~~~~~---~)


----(A)
(B) ··. "Par:ameter increase

No. of
molecules
with a
particular
energy
.. ·.

Kinetic_ energy . ,;·.'"

~ ':
(C)
No. of
molecules
with a
particular
energy

_lQn~t~c en_ergy

(D) Tt
"i

No. of _
~olecules
I with a
particular
energy

Kinetic energy

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE
022 120 l 0/C 2007
--------
..
~
.....
.w ]·_a:- · Z;a;;# i ·· -
' .
·- 4- ...
~ ref~rs to the follo~i_ng _information.' -~·. ··;·. ·, ...· ·..:· ... :, . -~ .·· .·: :-.. :· ..
. . . .. . .... ; ,;.:.'·.·: :·t·~,;·':>:~·_:;;t· ....~.;·:: :· ·· .. :. ·; ·.."
The standard electro~
.
e_potenti~ls ofchl~ti e, dich~om.~tC? ~:nd:it9.~.(III) iP~~-;;t.~~ a~ fol!6~~: .
.· . . .~ .· . ..· ... - . . • .. - ··.
: i •
.: ·:-:
~ 1.36V.

+0.77V .
. ; _.,·.· ·.. :_: :. ~

•· i: -. :· . • •

6. Which ofthe foU~wing eq~ations could re esent a feasible reacti6n?

(A)

i ..... ·- ..
•.
::.· ·... :;
(B) 2Fe ~(~q) + 2~~-~~q) ~ C1 2(g) + 2
3

Cr20 72- (aq) + 6Fel+(aq~ + 14~+(a ) --+ 2Cr+(a q) + 7H/>(I)_+ 6 Fe +{aq)


2
{C)

(D) 3C~(g) +. cr~o~z-(aq).:t-)4H~(aq) i-:;.Y> ·


' • •' • I • ~ , ' ::"): :. ·:·~?:
•. f·- .,.. ·'
..
·,· • i ;'".-·z~ • :~; ~-:
..
'•I',• o' •··

In which of the reactions below does ammo ia ~ha~e as a ~ronst~~ ~---~~ry


base?
7.
.. .:
£: •• ·-
I. . N~ + HCI ~ NH4CI
II. 2NH, + 3Cu0 ~ 3Cu _+3~0 + N
III. NH3 . + C~COOH ~ NH4 + + C}\ oo-
Zn 2+ + 4~ -+ _[Zn ~)4 ] +
2
IV.
.. .~ _:: :: ·-~ :... -
(A) I and III only
--:.·=·:_.--
(B) I and IV only
(C) II and III only
(D) II and IV only

. :' :·

. ; .•_.
- •' ·.'
·.. :.:·-

GOO~IOTHENEXTPAG E ~~-'":'
-: ---· __:. . . .·.:. . :.· ·-=-=====~.i54!F~g:..;;.!:j:·
~.:;:~2J2010/C2007
-:· : --:i- . : . . -- -- .

h..,,
.. - 5-
8. Whic~ of the· foi.Jo~iqg·_.il~di~ator~ would _:.Whiph ~~:n.~~H9.n. wjll_ giye a . v.~J~.~ for t.he
.: ~
produce a sharp. colour change in· tile titration ·· ·hyd~~ge~-f~O.~.o?c~~~-{~HoP~.·(~~)in an acidic
of a stro~g acid against a ~t~~~g base? .: buffer so1~tion? ·. ·

Indicator pH range ·. (A) (fi~r=


.
Ka [Acid]
. ·: (B) _[H+J.~-.Ka·[Acid] [Salt]
L · Methyl yellow 2.9-4.0
II. Bromocresol green 3.8- 5.4 (y) [IYJ = R:_a rAc,i~l, . . -:•.

III. ~h~nolp~~alein :.: ·. 8:2- 10.0 . . .[ SaltJ .


'\.
. (D) . . . [H+] ·= K LQruti
. . .. a
(A) . Ilonly . : ·• · . [ACid]
(B) I a~d II.qnly :,·
(C) II and in only . •\

(D) I, I1 and Ill 12. Which::of ~he . _fello~ing statements is ·true


abou(K ?_. .
• . Jp. •

. -
9. Which of the following is: true about a buffer (A)· · At a given temperature, K, is the
s61uti6n? -~ · · · · maximum amount of ionfc solid
; . ·:. . : ·:4issplved in a.$aturat~4 solution .
·I. (A) Normally c~msis;ts of :;t weak aciq .·(B) .·Ute.K;p of.an:ionic solid indicates the
l . and. its corresponding salt ·relative concentration .of ions that
. . fo!Jrl :a .pr~cipit~te i~ a .saturated
i
.i (B) · Alters' the pH· of a. sol.1:1tion to the ·
i ·· desired pH~ · · :~oltition. ':· · · · ·
.1 (C) Does not. change in pH on ·addition (C) As _te_Jilp~rature changes~ the K,P of
•!;
~fla.rge amouf!ts of aci4. or alkali . : : a_n(ip!JiC sol_i~ re~a~ns th.e same.
'
(D) Can a~t as ·a cataJyst in d·.~eaction
-· . . ·......
·· . (D) . T.h~ K,P value of an ionic soli~ can
. - .· . . ·. . . . ~.
'·.. :.1:?<1 obtained before s~turation point
· · · ~ ~ :;-'iS achieVed. · ·· · · ·
~ 10. Wh~~h of the following does NOT describe a
:~ .prop~rty of the buffering ~ction ·o·f mixture a
l
1 of ammonium chlorid_e and aqueo~. s J~.- .. :The sia~dar~' :elec·trode potent.ial for the
ammonia? · ·-
.. ~~~~ti~n ·~n·~~ :~ :2~-. ··t· Sn 2
+ is E 6 = +0 .15V.
(A) · Ammoni~ molecules are basic.
Chloride iops re~ct with hydrogen ';__ ·. · ·-: B~~e.d .on tP:is infonnation ONLY, which of
(B) ...
..·
ions.
- -

. · . the foll<:)wing statements would be true?


1 ._ _. ·~ }~ ": :• .··. •: .:;•"
~onil,1m ions r~.a~t wi~li hydroxide
• 00 -_. : • I•

(C)
tons. I.·· · ·.Tin'is a strong reducing agent.
II.-- Tin produces many stable c·ompounds
(D) Ammonium chloride djssoc·ates
in the +2 state. ·
C<?mple~~ly in ~ater..
III. Sn.4+ can oQ:itiize Cu 2+.
IV. The E 8 Sn 4+/Sn2+ is generated using
a standard hydrogen e_lectrode.

(A) I and _II only


(B) II and III only
(C) I and Illonly
(D) IVonly

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


. ·- r.'l'11 ")()I {)/f"'}()()_l
-·~-
-·. ~ -
---¥#W: - =~
-6 -..
14. Which. two eled~odes below wilJ-f~rn1 a ce11 ;_;' . · Items 16-:and ·:17-.i tefeFto··the graphs b¢low
with the latgesre:m.f?_··.;. :· . . :·. '--~-- which:.~~ovi trends di.splayed· by elements in
·:· ... : .. ··E·IV · ._Period.J .....:· '::'.-'>< ·.<: ,.. .=-:·'_" ··: ·

I. Br2 -: 2e- ~.2 ~( +1..09 .. (A)


...·< .... ·. :·:;, ·. ,; _: ~ ... ~- .· .: ..

II. zn-z+ + 2e-: :;:zn! :_ ~.:.:0.76

III. MnO-
.·4
~ Mn 2++
+ sfi+ +: se-· -t- 4H 0
2
.:..· .·
·. .
:
·+ 1.52
....
~

IV. F~3 + +. e- ·-4 Fe2 + +0.77


~ ·:(· I
~... p:· s Cl
{A) I and III imly
(B) land IV only··.
(C) II and III only .. ·-·· (B)
(D) II and IV only
..

15. The· s·tandard electrode potentials :-fo


dichromate and iodide·iu-e:- ' .: r · • : •• !

1/2 Cr20/-. (aq)"+)~~~~q) + Je- :? Crl~(aq p s CJ


.+ 7/2 H 2 0 ~ +1.33V .· ...
I2(aq) + 2e- ~ 2I-(aq)_-~ ~0.54V . , ··.-_ccr···
· From this it can b~ deduced
..... that
.-: :!•" ...... .
(A) acidified dichromate ..ions would
oxidise iodide ions. to iodine
(B) electi-~ns·. w-o~-ic(fJ~w' from t'h~·
dichromate half cell" tcrthe iodine
half cell if the two are connected P S CJ
(C) iodin~ would o~idise c~nmtium (Ill) ; ... . .. . .:_..i~ .. -.~:~. :...
ions to dichromate·. .· _;
combining both. half -~~ns· would (D) ~. _.;. ~-·.

(D) .. ~ ~ : . ·.. . -.. ~ .•

produce a __c~IJ potenti~i of l.87V


. ··-: . ';: t . -~- ...: . -:.::_:,; ~ •. .·

.,:~

Na Mg AI Si P S Cl

. Match each of the items, below with one of


the options above. Each qption may be used
once, more than once or not at all.

16. Ionic radius

17. Melting point

i
-7 -.
Items ·18 and 19 refer to _tht?. follow ng 2~ ... -·.,\WJ!qnpf)b~ foJlow.ing q~jd.e& of~leme.nts in
oxidation states. : · .· ~- Oro~p t.Vi$ ~h~ .LEASTi~_i
.
q~c in_characte
.· .
r?
. . . . . ·. ····..

(A) +1 (A)::~-_. :··l_-g9..0;:. ·~


f
1 (~) +3 _(B) ..- :S.~q '· ._., ··.·-~ .. ·..
I (C) ·..-:.- CO - : .·
.i (C) +6 ..
/ (D) . +7 -(D) ,CQ 2 ,· ..
~ .. .. :

Match each underlined .~lement with ts . 24. Whi~h qf _.th~ ."foljo_wing grap.hs MOST
.oxidation .state. E~d{h~id~tion .state may be· .·. . -.· ·:.- ~~curat~.ly ~.r~-~r.~~e_ntS)he treiJd· ~n~;vo latil ity ·
.. · · ·.
. used once;-.nor~ tha~~on~e ·or n~t at.aH. : . _ .of. chl9ri~e;:b. roniine. ~~d. iocline?~:. ·
·. "' .· . .

I <::
18. ...-.· .. ~A)·.

19 .
.I
j 20. Which of the following oxides has a_ s.im _le
molecular structure?·· · ·
:I
Atomic number

l
(A) Na 2 0 .·· ..
(B) Si02
(C) Al2 0 3
{B)
(D) S03

JI
21.·. Which of the following -~tatemehts al;> t. · - ..
I
Group II elements are corre,ct? ·.' : ·· .
:j
I
.J I. Atomic r;1~iu_s · in¥re~ses down t e
]
group. ·· Atomic nu~ber
.:!.,
ll. Ionic radius de.creases down t e
group. . · . ::_:_. . .
l
:t
III. Io~isation energy' de<;r·e-ases 4o ::·{C).
;
· the group.· ·
i IV. Sulp~ate solu~jlity·incr~~ down
.~
!
·. grotiii · ··' ~-, ·· .· . :
(A) I and III only
{B) U _and UI ·only
{C) I and IV only ··
. (D) 'Il and IV only. · Atomic number ..

(D)
22. The metallic chara~ter of Group TV elemen s
increases down the gro"up ~ecause t;.O
.5 .0
til·-
~:3
(A) they are all reducing agents ....
~
(.)-
c 0
(B) their melting points are high
- :>
(C) the +2 oxidation state becomes mo
stable
(D) atomic radius increases for eac Atomic number
successive element
GO QN TO Tl-IFNF_X .T.PA n-.:;
·= =: ...

------------------------------·--·"----·--·
..•
J
25. The precipitate.fomied when iodide ions react .:·· · ·, .:~Itemi'l9··refeis·to tlie:tabhi~which.-showS. the
,vith AgNO/!tci) is· ;· ·.. · ~ .......·, . opservations:made }fl:;.ih:e.:qfi~)li~iive-'.analysis.
J (A) soluble in dilute-nqueous·ammonia
of two cations, X and Y, \.\Sing dilute NaOH
(aq) and Na2C03 (aq). ·:· .~·-:

J
!
i
(B)
(C)
(D)
yellow silver ioelide
cream silver hydroxide
soluble in nitric acid
.:·: · . ·

·· ·
Cation NaOH(aq)

' X White precipitate White .precipitate

J 26. Which of the following ~ay·be,.considered · · ·.•


• .•••. · :":. .1 •· insolubte·..in, . :··:";· : . : ..
:1_•• -·;r::.: .ex.ces~·.; ....; ·.::: '.·.·'': :,·.~:... :· .

..... .X.:. .. WNt~_.B~8ipi~at~.;.;;t . )~~qjt~ precipitate


true for transition elements? . - ::'
soluble iri·excess· .... with effervescence .
. ....._
G~&· gives a:white
I. Their co·m_pounds are :u.sually ~recipitate with
coloured. · · Ca (OH)2(aq)
II. Thei.r:_out~r electr~ns lfe in partially
filled 'p' sub-le-yel~. . . 29. The possible identities of X and.Y are .
III. _They cah have .vari~ble. oxidation·
states. :..., .·. :.x·- .·. ;y;:_... :~ ,.:··.-: .-.-:.:··. ..
IV. They usual~yhaye lo:w densities. , (A) CaH ."Pb2 +··,.: .. ::,... <;.-·:··
. (B) . Mg~+ .AP~
(A) II only·· (C) Ca2+ · Ba2+ ·. , ...
(B) IVonly (D) Mg2~ Zn2 + .:: .. • · .

(C) I and III only- ··. _.:._.:


(D) II and fV only ···".
.: 30 . A student adds dilute· hydrochloric acid to a .
.. satnple._of copper sulphite.: Which of the
27. .The ground state configu_r~tioh for the copper ·. · ·.foiJowihgTeageiits .wou_ld:;NOI:'be a useful
atom is r'epresented by : .. -· . . . . ~-;' ··.;_, ·, '·· .
.·test for the gas :emitted?!·::
. .
3d :- 4s ·:'"' · _. ..._(A}· =.::<.Red litinus ·.-·· · ....:
(A) [ArJ I t-t.·l t-1-l·t-t.l ti I t.J- I.[LJ (B) · Blue litmus .. ·· ·

(B) [ArJ I
· .· 3d
t t ·I t l I t
3d-
* I t -1- 1· t:.
·. .-· ·.
4s
I. ffi]
4s
= ···(tf: ·. ·:::N!Ao·~--~_.,fr'X~5tf~ ··:
.:<I?J ..·~ .. s~~q/~J~f(~gi.:'... ·.
(C) [Ar] I ti I t-1- l'tt I t-t,··l·ti.l [LJ
3d ~·: . 4s
(D) [ArJ I t~ -I t t I t~:·l t-1- 1·-t · I ;[ill
. ·r~.J .. ..-! .f~.~- :_., .. ··: ·· l. \

28_, · --Which of the fo~lowipg species CANNOT act (A) · ·compl¢.~~~i<?Jl.of. jmpurit~~s such as
as a ligand for transition metal complexes of
.·sodium.siiic~i~ ·: ·,
(B) prote~iJ~g. :th'e'_-:g~~phite .~r:t9de from
· Cr1+? o 2- .. i·o~s· · ··.· " ·- · ~·
(C) providing'_ a ·lower· melting·.:p-oint
(A) H 20
(B) NH 3 ...:..: -~!i~~~~: .· i : .. · . . . .
. gent?r,atj.n_g AP~ . ic;m~. that are
(C) NH.~
dl~c·h~rged at the anode
(D) c1-

'-.TF'F~Ttl TW~ "'TT:;"VT i.> A._G_C

~··· ·= i ~ - . =;;.._,-
___;.;;-..-:;;;;:::.
/

,. -9 ·-
.· Tp; w_l!at \IS~ .c~.n..Jh~~ .:P~9-G.l!9.t~Jrpm JJ:lJ~ 3_3., Apply~ngJ..e_.~hat~li~r;s RDQ~ipl~ to the Haber
.. fractionl;ll d_i$t~lla~i~n ·qf c~~-~ C?i.J .1?-~ .put?. . . .
• •, • . • , r I 1 ~·:---:• :·: , ! .-, ,o •t 0 ,I •. ,, .. • , ...... ) . • , , 0 P!PG.~-~s:pre9j~ts th.a;~.·~-~igg ~r~s~~~e and low
t~·mper,~tuJ~;:·:ar_~J.id.~aLL ·. H.Q.wever, a
. l. : ~a~~~g ~&?.ftflg ',i .. teinperat_ure·of 400 to 500°~ is used. Why- is .
·II. lxfak~pg ~~~~J~.s ._ 1·~U¥Q ·a .~Jg~_ t~r;nperan~r~:employ~d? ·
Pn).~~_cing-~v~r&i.
:~·~:··~:h-~teii~r'·s··~rinciple does not
III.
.....
. . .. ·... .. . .. • ~ (A) ;
(A) nr~nly :·.. :. _.>:-- .
I ~~d ll .only:.'.·... .
.. >....:·; 'i. ~ ·=· . :. f:tpplyJq:Ul~ :4t~u~trial manufacture
.,(J?). ·...• ·._ = : . : ·. ·1·- · .- qf aqm.t~:m~-~.-.:

.. .(C) .· II -~n4j~ -only;:;. :, ·rh~ ~~-a~tio_n j~ ~_11dothermic .


. =: .. .(B) -·
1 (D) .I, II .arid -lH ·;_ . _ ·.:.· ..(C) ,,. >A.hi.gh,t~roper3:ture drives the -
l eqU,j_ljqrjym f9rward. ...
tPJ .· ;. ,:Tl)~::-.:~eac.tion .--rate at
,.,.
lo.~er
_ · --~ ;; . :_: _;-... : .- · _. · _.t~rpp~ra~~re~ would be too-slow.

. ...
- ..

.·. ··\: '.l' :. . .

34. ~In the-~anufac~~i:'e of chlorine by ei~ctrolysis of brine; the ionic ~quations . ·


.-
·:. for:fue·:pioce~s·es.·o~c.uring at the cathode and anode are . .
,·:- :.·.. : J • ~- .•=

Cathode Anode

_(!\~ ~Cr(aq) .7Ch(g) + 2e- · · .. · --~Na+(aq) .+.2e·-~-2Na(l)

(B) · 2~a~(a~)-; 2e· ~ 2Na:<_i_).'·· - :_._"_·. --~-~-r~<~g).-~ Gh(~) + ~~-.:


. (C) . ' . · 2Na~(l) +. :2e- ~ 2Na(l) · iCr (1}_-4' Cli(g)'+ 2C?- .
. .. . . ~

.:-_(I?).,_..... _.-:Na\~~j~ :1e- ~ Na(l) c~-(~q~ :-7 ~l(g) ~ e~.

35. Which ofthe following is NOT a cpmmerciaJ 37. Dis~ol~e~ _Q~yg~n in :~at~r is importan t to
methodof~lcqhol P~C?Q~~~jo n? ··._.: . aquatic iife .. Wh~ch of the following fact?rs
.····: .. ·
. . .
conct?ntrati~n of oxygen in ·
decrease the
-(A) . -~nai-~o~i~-~~~p~~~tion_ · .:-· ~: ~ .. :··:
(B) Aerq~i-~ ~~~P!r~~~9~ ·· . . .

is
(C) Hydration · I. ·.; ·.:. . : Dec~y ;of o'~g~~ic materia
(D) Fermenta tion . II. Turbulep<;e. of the. water
.·~i1f ~~_-' _pl);tps~tpesi~-: · ·_ ·
-· .. IV.:.. ·. J{espiratiqn,
......_

r 36. Which of the following are importan t uses of


sulphur dioxide and its compoun ds? '..;·.· .(~) I_ aDd Ill,
j (B) . I and IV
I. Restricting the growth of mould (C) II and III
11. Inhibiting the oxidation of food .(D) II and IV
III. The Contact Process

(A) I and 11 only


(B) I and 111 only
(C) II and III only
(D) I, II and III

nn ON TO THF. NEXT PAGE


----
_,_ ~--~----
--!!
.; ,4JOZ~·
-.. m .s::.ij
• _.. .• l

. - 10.:

to ·4f. -:: witi<::h: ·or the.;folibw"ing. ~t~tetri·ents :·ahdtit '


38. Catalytic· converters are-now w'idely used
reduce emissions of oxides of nitrogen, carbon
··~. .·-~pu'rific~tioh tif~bihe~tw '.Wat~r 1is NOT true?
monoxid e and hydroca rbons ... :. :· water
(A} - Chlorine're~cu{Viith to form
hyp<Jclilorou~~a:Jid,_HOCL
Which of the followin g·;a:re·M OST likely ·
(B) A"i~btciilogerr; triciilorometha·ne can .
taking place in the converte rs?
be .fonned ..when· chl<?rine reacts
· ·-withsoil·w·ater:!: · :
I. Carbon monoxide+ hydrocarbon~
(C) Very:s.lrialFartlou'nfs of chlorine can
carbon dioxide and water.
II. Carbon nion·ox~ide +:·oxid es: of·
. purifY l#ge·
-~mbunts water. of
(0) Ozone ··p-fi'fifi~s water aflhe. time of
ni~rogen ~ carbon iiioxide and
nitrogen gas. . ·ti-eaimerit 6nty.
III. Oxides of nitrogen ·are converte d by
th~ action of the catalyst to nitrogen .
gas. 42. In ~hich laye~ of the atiriosphere. is ·ozo~e
·detrime ntal to hl.unan·health?
(A) I and II only
"(A) Stratosphere
(B) I and Ill onty·
(C) II and Ill only ·:.:;: . :..:.· .. .. :~, ~-- :· ...: ·;~:J,·=·: ·.: ... ·. :. . (B).·· .. :TJ;OP9~Ph~re
(D) I, II and III ·. .: .• r.
:-.(C)- .·-.·PhQ.tospJt¢re
. (D) · Hydrosph-ere .

39. .·CFCs (chloro fluoroc arb.ons ). are being


· · ·Item.43.refers to the followin g informat ion.
replace d by HCFCs ~. (hy~irochloro­
fluoroca rbons) in an effort break dowrl to .
Q •• . . .: ......... .

. . Ammonia" is used. to minufac tllre fertiiizers


. less ozone.· This is because HCFCs
. . . ·:1n~t~t~ifi~iit::nit;6·ge.rl"" is. essenlial for "th~
are lighter than CFCs.. · ·. ; ·~-·· ·. :-fotm"ittiorh)fplirit'protein. ·.
{A)
. (B) ~re more polar than CFCs
break down in the troposphe·re more.· .. 4~.
· ~--Wbich-{erlilizet :would _be BEST for plant
(C)
readily tha.ti CFCs · . · --~~".4~? :; .·. ;: ·:··!. ·--~'~:.--:·· .
are less volatile than'CFCs
(D)
. •. :·:. ··. (A) Arn~orliun{l-Htr-ate,'NH 4N0 3 •
. (B) Urea~ .(i-·r~~) 2 CO. ·.
(C) ·. -. ·Ahirlioniuiri..'J~tiqsphate,:.(NH 4 ) 3PO 3
Which ofthe following combin~doris includes.
40.
renewab le energy alternati ves· ONLY?
• • ••• : t ~. ;
(D) Potassr~~~\~~~~tt~J:~KNo~· ('·
. . .... .
~

(A} Tidal, wind; ge?th,ermal ~d solar


.{_B) Wind, coal, riuCieat and gl6therm al
(C) Geother mal, hydroelectric,.tidal and
gasohol
(D) Wood, petrc;>l, peat. and m~~hane

GO QN TO THE NEXT PAGE


' =::.
' •• , . · ". , !

- 11 -
.... ".
• I 44. Which of ~he fo11owing represent . 45. Which of the following is NOT involved in.
greenhouse effect caused··by- g~~e~ su as the formation of photochemic al smog?
C02 in the atmosphere~ · .
(A) Su1phurdioxide
(A) Promotion ~f photpdi~spci (.B).· Ozone
reactions · . (C) Oxygen
(B) Absorption of infrared radiation ·.·· .(D) Nitrogendiox ide
(C) Free radic~l fonitation . . .•

(D) ~bsorption of ultra':'oilet radia~i

Ir LED,CHE CKYOUR WORKON THISTEST .


i IFYOUFIN ISHBEFO RETIMEI SC

I
I
I ---
I

·i·
I
·I.
!!

-
-~ ..........
::
·
wti .
·=*~
-·..;.
~

.. :. ~
022120 l 0/C 2007

_
- l_. ·~-
__:__;====::::::::i~~=-~ .
~.........__

·:: ~-
#lii!iiii&

---··- -1
~LiMP. ""'~ · . .._. · . ·~ •·-·-· _

.

.,
-k-
..,

• 1.
VolatHity of organic compounds depends on
the strength of. the ~qk_~:glar_forc~s
present. Which compound below woul4 be
the MOST volatile? -

(A) CH. CR,CHzOH


cr(cH~C£\CR3
H.
l
H
I l
H-C-C-C-C -H
I \ I l
H H
I
. ==·~

(B) H H \ H
.--<{C) C~ CH(CH,)CHJ
(p)' CH~CH 2 CH2 COOH H-C.:...H
\
H-C:-H
I
H

l. The IUPAC name for the structure is

<-1i} i - ethyl butane


(B) 3 - ethyl butane
_(C) 2 -methyl pentane
(D) 3 - methyl pentane

3. Which ofthe following is a pair cif optical isomers?


CH:i


Cfh
I
l HO-C-CH3
CH3 -C-OR
l
1 CH3
CH:
H
H
\
I HO-C-C1H:s
_,/(13) C2Hs- C- OH I
l CH3
CH:;
H H H H
H H H H .
1 I I I
.I I ! I HO-C-C-C- C-H
(C) H-C-C-C--C -CH I I I l
I 1 I I H H H H
H H H H
H CHs
CH3H l l .
\ 1 HO-C-C-CH J
(D) H-C-C-OH 1 I
I I H CH~
CH3H

GO ON TO THE NE:X:! PAGE


t
fi
l=

-~- -- . ·-·· -~::- -- ·-·- . .. -··~ -·-


..
- ..,


~-

S¥ttich 'of the followin..g 1s ~~! !Ue of addition poiym.erization?


4.

(A) Only one type of polymer is form~.


The molecular mass of the polymer is a multiple of the
(Bj
· monomer unit.-"'· .
. The polymer is readily hydrolysed to the monomer..
(~)
The physical and chemical properties of the polymer
(J?)
are different from those of the monomer.

-~refers to the adojtion polymer represented by the


following chain sequence. ·
:--"'---·.. -...· --· --~·

CHJ H C2Hs H ~ ~1 H
1 I I I I I ·.. ··.·_::;;·.:
-:--C-C-C-C_. :C-C-
.I I I I I !
'H ClBr H H CH3
. I
··~ .. ·--------
\
l 5. Tile mrinom~rs are MOST likely


H C2 H 5 B
.CH3 /
(A)
""c=c"a
/ and
"c == c
/ '\... j-~
Cl'
I,

H/ H

H C2HS· H
·CH /
'-...~ /
(B)
c=c and
""/ c==c'-... -f
/
Cl " H B Br

H SHs H
.0 /
/ '<..
/"~). '-...
c=c'\... anq c==c
H
/
CH3
/
Br
" H

H
Cl ~s / _,..
·.z• •
H \
(D) '-... / c=c '-...
c=c and
/ "- /
....

Br H
H CH'3

GOONTOTHENEXT PAGE

. ·~-·

;.._.
t:j
.~

- 4-
l
Item 9 refers to the following information ..
Terylene can be produced fjom


6.
ethane l, 2- dial (RO - C:H.,:. CH., - OH) 2-nd Etbene is normally susceptfnle to elecrrophiiic
benzene l, 4 dicarboxylic acid •

(HOOC ~COOR).
attack, but it is made attractive to nudeophiles·
by complexing it ~v.ith Pd2+ catalyst ir1 the.
Wacker process:
Il t
r
\Vhich of the foliowing -characteristics would
terylene MOST likely possess?

(A) lt has the same empirical formu1a as


its monomers.
(B) One of its monomers contains the Which. of the following opt:lons characterize
C = C functional gro~ -. ·_ 9'.
this mechanism? -
(C) lt is the only product obtained when
its monomers react. l. The CH : CH. 2 cgmpiex c::creases
2
(D) 1t can be. hydro1ysed by aque·ous
PdH
sodium hydroxide.
electron density in the double bend.
7. Which ofthe following statements does tKl.T .. _,: The 1t electrons of ~:fuen~ occupy .
descn'be a nucleophi1e? · · · ... · . - '. ,: ' ~ II.
vacant orbitals in Pd.2-!-.
UI. The 1t electrons are no longer
. -cf.:.)' Lewis acid available and their removal makes •
{B) Lewis base ethene positively charged..
(C) Species wirl_l a lone pair
m~ Reagent which attacks electron land II only
~ ----(A)
deficient sites in molecu1es
(B) Iandillonly
(C) TI and III only
cPJ l,IIandiD


The equation for the formation of' the
anaesthetic, CF3CHBrCl, is ._ .
Vl'hich of the following compounds is both an
Br., > CF.CI:-ffirCl. 10.
alkene and an ester.?

The type of reaction occuring is {Aj

"'' free radical· substitution


..(..B) elecirophilic substitution
(C) nucleophilic substitution _o'·,'.
H ....._, ..;-:;- ' .-·-" ··-·-........
H
(D) nucle6philicadditi on jC-0-:-CH:z.-CH ::::::::C;
'-···· ·~.. -. 'CH3

0 H
(C) ...::::,-.C-CH 2 -CH::=C .r .-·'
H/ 'CH:

(D)

GO ON TO TH:E NEXT PAGE

0221201 O/CAPE2008

• I
.. -~ ·- .
I
t

-5-


Which two products are forme-d in
11. The complete reaction ofphenol wrJl aqueous - 13.
approximate ly equai amounts when
bromine is characterised by a met."'lylbenzene is tre~d with a mixr.n:e of
concentrated HI. .~O. and concentrated
(A) white precipitate, a brown solution ~SO,? .
arid an.antiseptic smell
(B) brown precipitate, a colourless CH 3
I NO
. (C)
.solution and a sweet smell ·
whiteprecipitate, a colourless sob.Ition
(A)
©Jl and
and an antiseptic smelt .
(D) brown precf?itate, a brovvn solution
an~ a. sweet smell CH
(B) ©(NO, and
12. When propanone reacts with hydrogen
cyanide, the fonnula of the product is

l H CH 3
i
i

! (A}
I
CH3-C-CH3
I
. . ~J
and ©l
l 0-CN Nq
I
:
i (B) CHJ-C-CH l-CN
ll (D)
0

H
I


(C) CH3-C-CHz CN
I -~ refei'S to the compounds P•. Q. R
OH and S, whose structures are given below.

CN P: G~(C~)4CH:.PH ~
... #. I Q: C~(Ct4) 3 C~COOH I
,';0~1 CH~-C-CH)
I
R.: CJ:i.;{C~)3CHCICOOH
S:
0-H

14.
&
The ·correo;t sequence of the compounds
abov.e in order of DECREASIN G acid
strength is

:·.\~) ~ Q, s·~ P
(B) s,
Q. ~ p
{C~ - --P,-S, Q, R -
(D} ·---···S~ ~ Q. P

...

GO ON TO THEN"'t:.XT PAGE

[;
I
--

-·-----~
t:_
--------- --.
I
.or
J(
~ l;.
/ ~ 6-
f
/ -tO . wnich of the follo'VI-i.ng graphs mustrates the
Item 15 refer.s to the foHo"'Ning structure of .>.C.


tyrosine. titration of diiute suphu.--ic acid with potassium
hydroxide solui:ionf
.
CO~B
1
.-
(A)
H N-C-H pH1I4 - u '
:z I 7-


1
Yol of !1 zSO4

OR (B)
pEl
14f
I
71-/
15. The pH of tyrosine is MOST likely

(A) 2.1 (C)


_.(:J3)· 5.6 ~ ,...;?.. :/·- :< ;:. t.'

(C) 7.0
(D) 9.0

16. Which of the following pieces of apparatus


possesses. the HIGHEST degree of
uncertainty in measurement?

- fli.r Beaker
(B) Burette
(C) Pipette


(D) Measuring cyl~der . 19. Solution A, 10 em~ of ~SO," is placed in
100 ml volumetric flask and made up to the
mark with distilled water. 25 em;; of this
17. Which ofthe following is NOT a pmperty of solution is used to completely neutralise
a primary standard'? 20.05 cm3 ofO.Ol mol dm·3 solution ofNaOH.
What is the concentration of solution A?
. ,.;- ..
·;.;(;~..)-· Low relative molecular mass
(B) Very soluble in ·water v (A) 1. {) x 10'3 mol dm- 3
(C) Obtainable in a pure ~te ~'( (B) 2.0 x 10-'~ mol dm·3
(D) Docs not undergo hydrolysis ~~ 4.0 x lQ-4 mol dm·3
(D) 4.0 x 10·~ mol dm·•

_;_, ...
. ! -=')..:.- -

·,. ....
~ , ·:-""-..-
./
'"";

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


117?1 /(] J.O/('A PF.7011R

• -··
:
-7-


20. \Vhich of me
following statements about Item 22 refers to the greph beio~ yihich.
gravimetric analysis is NOT true? . shows the absorption calibration cur-Ve for X',.;. .
in the solution. ·
(A) Gravimetric_ analysis is a purely
quantitative method. --- E0.401
(B) Gravi~tric analysis never involves
the removal of vola.tJ.le components ~ 0.30r
a
of solid.
~ 0.20··l-·-----------
(C) The analyte can be identified after \.
.·.
precipitation and isolation have
occurred. 0.10
The amount of ana.lyte lost due to
solvation is assumed to be
negligible. 2 4 .. 6 8
[XIi+l in. ppm

21. In an electronic transition in the UV/visible . 22. · '\l.That is the concenii'ati.on in mol d.m-3 of an
region of the spectrum. a wavelength of unkno~ solution of X~~+(aq) which has an
450 ri!iiiis absorbed. - .:;; • absorbance~ value of 0 .20'1
•:..:;t •,_. J :~ : '--'·'\ ' ; ';j'· ': . {- ~- ' --·-
Planck constant (h) = 6.63 x l 0"34 J s f- =- \1 (Atomic mass of X= 172 g mol-')
Velocity oftight {E)~ 3.00 X~~ m ~I r •.• 'j/)\ A'-'""
:._. ..::.. ,;..1 1 - :{A) 2.91 x l<r~.mo] dm·3
The energy of ~e corresponding photon (in l:-:::. ~) 2.91 x 1~-mol cim·3
Joules) is · :r, (C) s.GIO x Hr3 ~ofdm·3
{D) 8.61 x 10-~ mol dm-3
66.3 X }0"34 X 3 X !0 8
(A)
4.50 x io-s

'I:::J
.f ·- 'j.
'(B).

l¢)
6.63 X
4.50 X

10"34
10"
6.63 x 10"34 x 3 x. 108

X 3
9
7

X }0 8
l3.

A)
Hexane wilL not absorb light in the lN/visible
regwnof thespectrum because there is a

{B)
large difference in energy between
the bonding'
orbitals
and
antibonding

large differet,lce in energy between


-~- ,-..


...~( / 4.50 X 10" the bonding and non-bonding
~ .
small difference in energy between
6.63 X 10-34 X 3 xl0 8
the bonding and non-bonding
4. .50 X 10-i . orbitais__ _
(D) small difference in energy betwe~
¢e bonding and antibonding
orb~
_;,_-

·:_; .. _-,_. · ......... _·.-


c.-_,.-\

I:'>

GOONrOTHENEXTPAGE

-=- -
H.
"r:
~
.. - ... -·.--·r·-· -· -·-
t;
0
- il -

·which of the following pairs do NOT absorb 26. wnich of the fo1lo'.~ing spectra shovl:; a
possib~e fragmentation pattern of CP'":2Ci1 ?
infrared radiation?

• l.
II.
LTI.
IV.

(A)
~and
H::.O E.J'"ld HI
F~ and Cl2

CH4 and Br2

I and Ill
HBr
{A)

(B) land IV
(C) II and III
_(D} II and IV

25. An u~own organic compound of molecular (B)


o!
mass 44 g is analysed using infrared. The
c.;

~.gC.l1'
bonds-are found at 1700 em·' and 2800 cm·i.

j~Lill
. a{JJ..£.
A.t..Lll.-\
The compound is MOST likeiy

-(A):·-eth al!dt- __
~::.

(B) etha.noic acid . 83 85 8i


.:=(C):':- ·ethanal mle
(D)· .carbim dioxide
.
-·· ._,. ,.·· (C)

· .....
.·\ ?- r·_.
;_. •.
"""'!
.:... ·.-. '·.
.,,
--
l I~
• (D)
83
1
85 87
mfe J.: ~-

- ...

,
'.:

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


0221201 O/CAPE2008

• .. ··---··--~------- ·t··
-9-


Item 27 refers to the folloVIring information. 29·. "Which of the following is NOTa visualising
agent in chromatography?. -.
Sample X is a mixture of substances. X was
separated into its components using paper (A) Iodine
chromatography simultaneously with ~B7 Cellulose
individual samples of e, f, g and h. The (C) Ultraviolet light
chromatograph produced is shown below. _ (D)- ND:ihydrin

.t it @
@
30 .. "Which of the following statements about
partition coefficient mey be ~?
l
@ . I. It does not vary with temperature.. ;
1I. The solute has to be in the same
@
molecular state in both solvents for
,_ .. it to be a constant.
m. ·The two solutions have to be
@ 0 c, concentrated for it to be a
constant.
Sample X e f g h
(A) I only
~ -H-enly
(C) Iimdnonly
27. which substances are MOST l.ik~ly present (D) I, ll and "in .
·in Sample X? .

~ 1
e,f,g 31. Along with silicon dioxide, which of the
e, t: h


(B) following compounds constitutes the main
(C) e, g, h impurities ofbauxite?
(D) e,.f, & h
(A) lron(TI) oxide
~ Iron(lll) oxide
28. A student is asked tO determine the value of (C) Carhondioxide
1
n' in the hydrated salt, ¥zSO".n~O . The (D) Carbon monoXide
masses of~SO 4 and water of cr.jstalliza.tion
in th.e salt are 5.65 g and 2.65 g respectively.
[Assume Ar ofM = 8~ 32. In the fractional distillation of crude oil, the
different fractions are separated based on
The value of'n' is MOST likely their

(A) 2 (A) soiubilif:y


f -· -
(B) 3 (B) viscosity
..
(C) 5 .. -~· ...{¢.} voJatility
l .....(D) 7 (D) polarity

.GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


mZl2Qil 0/CA PE2008

Ji
•..
-. ~~-...... ~- -~ .•.. ·--
..--- ··-::- .. E
. ·.

, '
-10-
33. In the Bosch-Habc:r process, N2 and H2 can 36. Ci:xnpounds of sulphur suelh .as stdpbites are
be obtained from X and Y respectively. Which used as food additives. This is~ they
of the following pairs BEST 4escribes these
sources? (A:) help to prcs¢rvc the food by
dchydrition
X y gJ{ inhibit the cxid8tion of unsaturated
fats
Ammonium •(C)
(A) help to enhance the colour of food
salts Naohtha (D)
s about improve the flavouroffood
Amm-onium
(B) Air
salu ,•,

aturc. (C) Air Naphtha 37: Which of the following plastics are
c same biodegradable?
(D) Air Ammonium
entsfor salts (A) Polytbenc tcr"eph1halatc
to be (B) Low density polyetbcnc
be a 34. Forth~ manufacture ofwhicb TWO of the w; Poly. (3 - hydroxybU1anoic acid)
·~
folJowilig:iJJdustn.J prodpcts ~ cblorinc most (D) Polyvinylchloride
'Yidely used'?

I. SolVents 38. Which pfthc following arc productd whe11 a


u. Sodium chloride hydrocarbon widcrgoes~leteeombu$tion?
I.D. Polyvinylchlorido
IV. ChlorotluoJ'OCBI'bons L Water
n. Carbon monoxide
of the (A) I and II III. Carbon dioXide
main _.CB) I .and III N. Oxygen
(C) II &nd.lll
(D) II and IV (A) I and II only
~, 1 and m only


(C) II~dmonly
35 • In the production of itllpburic·lieid by the <D> m.~~ IV ~ly
Contaet process the folloWing tiothennic
reaction takes pisco:·
39.· Which of1btfl6~~~ ..-.?
. ;-_.

2S02(g) + Oz(g) .v,~s.42~C. Zatm I 2SO,(g) . - ..


].the
don I. NitrOgen
·Which of the followiqg eondJ.tioJIS would n. CadJon ~oxide
favour the forward reaction? In. caiboft dao'Xi•
IV. M~
I. Low pressure v. Sulphwdioxldc
R. Excess OJcygeil ,
In. Low tcmperatur'C (A) ll and m only
..iB} Ill and IV only
(A) Ionly (C) Ill and V only
(B) ,· I and ll only (D) ~ U and IV only
(.G{ II and m on1y
(D) 1, I.I and III


------------------------·-~-
·'~~ptW''
~ < - ;{f
'' - 11 -
Item 40 refers to the schematic diagram .
below.

Nitroeen
fixation
Rain and
lightning

LTi'l::rifYing
43. Chlorine radicals are formed in preference
to fluoffi,e radicals when ch1orofluorocarbon.s
are impacted by nLtrav1olet radiation. This
occurs in the upper atmosphere because

_.(A). ' the bond enthalpy ofthe C- Cl bond


(340 kJ moi-1) is less than that of

~~acteria
v
the C - F bond (484 kJ mol-l)
(B) the bond enthalpy ofthe C- Cl bond
corresponds to the energy cfthe
~ Plants
uitraviolet:radistion
(C) the chlorine radical is more reactive
than the fluorine radical
(D) the fluorine radical is more reactive
tha..'1. the chlorine radical

40. W wouid MOST likely be


«. The primary chemical pollutants involved in
(A)~ nitrates - the formation ofphotochemical smog are
(B) nitrites ·-
~e) NH 3 and· ammonium salts'\-. (A) carbon monoxide and nitrogen
(D) nitric(V) acid ·~:. dioxide
(B) carbon monoxide and nitrogen
mOtlOXkie
41. Eutrophication results in too· muth
algal- (C) hydrocarbons and nitrogen monoxide
growth in rivers or ponds, due to fertilizer . :..CD~-
/ - •• J
hydrocarbons andni1rogen dioxide
run-off.

Which of the following pairs is responsible


for this gro·wth?

(A)
(B)
(C)
---:fP~
N"rtrates and ammonia
Phosphates and sulphatcs
Sulphates and carbonates
Phosphates and nitrates
45. Sul.phur dioxide~ produced when coal is
used as a fuel, can be BEST removed from
tbe waste gas stream by

(A)
(B)
(C),
water
sodium su1pbate
sodimn carbariate

(P)~ calcium carbonate·

4.2. Ozone in the troposphere has NOT been


Iinkedto ·

(A) dying forests


(B) greenhouse effect
-(C) asthma attacks
-~~PJ=· bleaching of coral reefs .

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE 'I'!Mr:E IS CALLED~ CHECK YOUR WOlRK ON THIS TEST.

. .

0221201 O/CAPE2008 .
.,.,.,/

TESTCODE02212010
FORMTP 2009158 1vfAY/JUNE2009

CARIBBE AN EXAMINA TIONS COUNCIL


ADVANCED PROFICIENC YExAM1:NA TION
CHEMISTRY - UNIT 2

PaperOl
.
90minutes

(o9 JUNE 2009 (p.m.D


READ TBE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY .
1. This test consists of45 items. You will have 90minutesto answerthem.

. 2. In addition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet.

3. Do notl;>e concerned that the answer sheetprovides spaces formore answers than there are items
in this test.

4. Eachiteminthis te:Stbasfoursug gestedanswersl ettered(A),(B); (C),{D). Readeachitem you


are about to answer and decide which choice is best. ·

5. On your answer sheet, find thenumberwhic hcorrespondsto your item andsb.aciethe spacehavmg
the same letter as the answer you hav~ chosen. Look at the sample item below.

Sample Item

Wbichofthe following is the HIGHEST energy transition in an organic compound?

(A) n to cr* Sa.mpleAnswer


(B) n to 1t*
(C) cr to cr* @®G@
(D) 1t to 1t*

The best answer to this item is "cr to cr*", s6 answer space (C) has been shaded.

6. Ifyou want to change your answer erase it completely before you fill in your new choice.
7. When you are told to begin, turn the page and work as quickly and as carefully as you can. Ifyou
cannot answer an item, omit it and go on to the next one. Your score will be the total number of
correct answers.
8. You may do any rough work in this booklet

.I
--
·-
-
9.
10.
Figures_ are not necessarily dra\ltn to scale.
The use ofnon-program mable calculators is allowed.

-=
i iiiiii
DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

- Copyright© 2009 Carib beanExarninatio ns Council.


-
" """'"Z'
~
All rights reserved.
iii.iii 0221201 O/CAPE2009
-
-.2-
5. A motorist suspects that his gasoline is
1. Volatility of organic compo11nds depends on
the strength of the intennolecu lar forces contaminated \vith ethanol. Which reagent
can the motorist use to detect the presence
present Which compound below would be
of ethanol?
the MOST volatile?
(A) Br2 (aq)
(A) CH3 CH2 C~OH
(B) ~(aq)
(B) C~CH 2 CH2 C~
(C) NaOH (aq)
(C) CP~CH(CH 3)CH3
(D) KMnO 4 (acidified)
(D) CH3 CH2 C:t~COOH

2. Combustion analysis ofO.l S g of an organic 6. In the reaction between the ethene and
bromine, which statements about the reaction
compound produces 0396 gofcarbon dioxide
mechanism. may be true?
and0.216 gofwater. The empirical formula
of the compound, given tb.S.t it contains
L A carbocatio n forms in the rate
carboil, hydrogen and oxygen only, is
detmnining step.
IT. A dative covalent bond forms
(A) C 3H 8 0
between the bromi~ ion and the
(B) C4H 1 0
carbocati.on.
(C) C 2H 1 0 4
m. Heterolytic fission of tb«~ bromine-
(D) ~6HI60l bromine bond occurs.

(A) Ionly
3. The couect IUPAC name for the structural (B) I and ll only
formwa (C) !Iandillon ly
H CH3 CH3 (D) I, II and ill
I I I
H-C-CC H2CHCH3 is
I I 7. Which ofthe following does NOT descnbe a
H CH3 nucleophile?
(A) -~ 2, 4-trimethyl pentane
(A) Lewis acid
(B) 2, 2, 4-trim.ethyl octane
(B) Lewis base
(C) 2, 4, 4-trimethyl pentane
(C) Species with a lone pair
(D) 2, 4, 4-trimetbyl octane
(D) Reagent which attacks electron
deficient sites in molecules. ·
4. Which of the following compounds show
optical activity?

I. ~CH(OH) COOH
II. HOCH = CHOH .
m. ~CH (CI) c~
N. HC(Br)IC l .

(A) I and II only


(B) I and N only
(C) ll and m only
(D) .illandlVo nly.

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


. 02212010/CAPE2009
-3-
8. 2-hydroxy- 2 - methylpropan oic acid can be formed from p~opanone in two steps, illustrated below.

CH3
I Step Y ).
CH3 -C-C:::N
I
OH

Which of the following statements about these steps may be true?

I. Step X involves nucleophilic addition.


IT. Aqueous potassium cyanide is the reagent in Step X.
ill. Step Y involves hydrolysis.

(A) Ionly
(B) I and II only
(C) ITandillonly
(D) I, II and m

Item 9 refers to the following reaction. Item 10 refers to the following reaction.

Reagent
>
Br
10. The product of the following reaction is
9. The reagent in the above reaction is formed by

(A) Br2 I sunlight (A) free radical substitution


(B) Br2 I FeBr3 (B) mtCleophilic substitution
(C) Concentrated ~S04 I cone. HN0 3 (C) an elimination reaction
(D) Concentrated HCl/ Sn (I)) electrophilic substitution

11. Which of the following compounds is the strongest acid?

GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE


02212010/CA PE2009
-.4-

e inducti ve and negative


12. \Vbich ofthe following options is correct for the conjugative, positiv
inducti ve effect, shown by the structu res below?
OH

t Q

70
R

@ lo~L I
H - C--7- 0
I
H

Positive inducti ve Conjug ative


(A) Negative inductive
effect effect ·
effect

Negati ve inducti ve Positive induct:i:ve --


(B) Conjugative
effect effect
effect
I
Conjug ative Positive inductive
(C) Negati ve :inductive
effect effect
effect

Conjugative Negati ve inductive


(D)· Positive inductive
effect effect
effect

13. 'Which of the follow ing is NOT 1rue about 14. The repeating unit obtained from the addi:tion
condensation polymerisation? polymerisation ofthe mono~
CHCl = CHCl is
(A) Themo lecular mas8 ofthep olyme r
H H H H
is a multiple oftb.e combined. masses
ofits monomers. I I I I
(B) The polym er can be hydrol ysed to (A) - c- c - c - c -
form its monome.r:s. I I I I
The polym er has physic al and c1 a a a·
(C)
chemical properties that differ from
the monomer units. H . H
(D) Small molecu les are elimin ated I I
during the condensation process. (B) -e-e-
l I
CI Cl

Cl H
I I
(C) -e-e-
l I
Cl H

Cl H Cl H
I I I I
(D) - c - c - c - c-
1 I I I
Cl H Cl H

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


0221201 0/CAPE2009
-5-
15. ·Which ofthe following is true for glucose and starch?

Starch Glucose

(A) High solubility in water High solubility in water

(B) Low soh~bility in water Low solubility in water

(C) Gives blue/black colour with iodine Gives blue/black colour with iodine

(D) No reaction with Fehling's solution Reduces Cu2+ in Fehling's solution


to red/brown Cu20

16. Which of the following pieces of apparatus 19. Which of the following statements about
possesses the HIGHEST degree of gravin;letric analysis is NOT 1rue?
uncertainty in measurement?
(A) ·Gravime~c analysis is a purely
(A) Burette quantitative method.
(B) Beaker (B) Gravimetric analysis never involves
(q Pipette therernovalofvohrtilecornpon~
(D) Measuring cylinder ofasolid. .
(C) The analyte can be identified after
precipitation and isolation have
17. Which ofthe following is NOT an instrument occurred.
used in titrimen-y? (D) The amount of analyte lost due to
solvation is assumed to be
(A) Barometer negligible.
(B) Thermometer
(C) Potentiometer
(D) Conductivitymeter 20. Treatment of a 10.00 g sample containing a
chloride salt with excess silver nitrate solution
produced 8.08 g ofSI1ver chloride.
18. The concentration of an ammonia solution is (Ag= 108, Cl=35.5)
determined by titrating 25.0 cm3 ag3.inst
The expression for the percentage of chloride
0.2 J?Ol dm-3 sulphuric acid to give an end
in the sample is
point of27.5 cm3 •

The concentration ofammonia ("mmol dm:l)


143.5x8.08 xlOO
is given by (A)
35.5xl0.00
0.2x 27.5
(A) 35.5xl0.00 xlOO
25 (B)
143.5x8.08
0.2x27.5
(B) 35.5x 8.08 xlOO
2x25 (C)
143.5 X 10.00
2x0.2x27.5
(C) 143.5 X 10.QQ
25 (D) xlOO
35.5x 8.08
2x 0.2x 25
(D)
27.5

GO ON TO TID~ NEXT PAGE


02212010/CAPE2009
-?-
25. W'nich of the follow ing speci es is NOT a·
21. \Vhich ofthe followingutilizesvibrations?
significant fragment from 1he mass spect rum
Radio wave of ethanol? ·
(A)
(B) Infrar ed
(C) UVN IS
(D) X-ray

22. The struc tural feature·s whic h caus e


absor ption in the UVN IS regio n of the
as 26. In them_ass spect rome ter a molecular ion is
electroma~etic spect rum are know n
formed from a comp~und by
(A) crbonds
(A) "loss of a proto n
(B) chromoph(!res
(B) gain of~ electron
(C) isolated 1t bonds
(C) loss of an electron
(D)- lone pairs of electrons
(D) fragmentation ofthe compound

The co~lex ion [FeSC N) + has a mola r


2
23.
1 1 27. Which oftbe following is NOT a visualising
absorptivity (E) of7.0 x 10 (im3 mol- cm- •
3
agent in chrO'matography?
.The concentration ofits solution, which gives
Iocline.
an abso:Fbance of 4.2 when meas ured in a (A)
(B) Cellulose
2cmcell,~
(C) N"mhydrin
(A) 3 X 1o-J mol dm-3 (D) t.ntraviolet light
(B) 6 x 1Q-3 mol dm.-3
(C) 3 x 10-4mol dm-3
(D) 6 x 10-" mol dm"3 . 28. Which ofthe following is LEAST commonly
used as a statio nary phas e in chrom a-
tography?
24. In an IR spec trum , an abso rptio n at
3400 cm-1
corre spond s to an -OH group in (A) Starc h
a .molecule. (lJ.L m = l~m) (B) Alum ina
(C) Silie;a gel
The wave lengt h corresponding to this (D) Cellulose
absorption is

(A) 0.294 p.m


29. Which of the following are advantages of
(B) 2.94 J.liD.
steam disti11.a1ion?
(C) 29.4 Jlill
(D) 294 J.llD I. It occurs unde r reduc ed press ure.
II. The components do not decompose.
ill. It provides savings in fuel cost.

(A) I and ll only-


(B) I and ill only .
(C) II and ill only
(D) I,ll and ill

GO ONT O THE NEXT PAG E


02212 010/C APE2 009
-7-:
30. Which of the followin g statemen ts about 33. 'Which of the followin g is represen ted by
partition coefficie nt may be true? c4
cl- hydrocar bons?
I. It does not vary with temperature. (A) Kerosine
II. The solute has to be in the same (B) Dieseloi1
molecular state in both solvents for (C) Gasoline
it to be a constant. (D) Re:finezy gas
m. The .·two solution s have to be
concent rated for it to be a
constant .
34. The nitrogen used in the manufac ture of
(A) !only ammoni a by the Haber Process is obtained
(B) II only from
(C) I andll only
(D) I, II and ill (A) fertilizers
(B) the nitrogen cycle
(C) fractional dist:iJ.lation ofliquid air
31. Which ofthe followin g influence location of (D) fractional distillation of crude oil
an industrial plant?

I. Proximity to housing schemes 35. Which of ~e followin g is NOT ne:essar y


n. Proximity to port for wine making?
m. Goodr~adnetwork
. IV. Good electricity supply (A) Yeast
(B) Oxygen
(A) Iandllo nly (C) Enzyme
.(B) !IandiD only (D) Carbohydrate
(C) II, ill and IV only
(D) I, II, m and IV
36. Which ofth.e followin g are conseque nces of
the consump tion ofalcohol?
32. Along With silicon dioxide, which of the
followin g compou nds constitut es the main I. Stimula tes the central nervous
impurities of bauxite? system
IT. May cause liver disease
(A) Iron(II) oxide ill~ Reduces manual dexterity
(B) Iron(lli) oxide
(C) . Carbon dioxide (A) I and IT only
(D) Carbon monoxid e (B) I.andillo nly
(C) rr and ill only
(D) I, II and ill

I
\

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


0221201 0/CAPE2 009
- 8-
of
ine 40. The biolo gical oxyg en dem and (BOD)
Item 3 7 refers to the manufacture of chlor en
sis of brin e usin g the wate r meas ures the amo unt of oxyg
by the elec troly
diaph ragm cell. prese nt in a fixed volu me ofwate r
(A)
(B) used by aqua tic orga nism s durin g
37. The anod e is mad e up of
respiration
(C) need ed by micr oorg anism s as they
(A) steel
deco mpos e orga nic matt er
(B) graphite
(D) prod uced by aqua tic plan ts in
(C) plati num with a coating of asbestos
photosynthesis
(D)· titan ium with an inert coati ng of
ruthe nium (IV) oxide
t
41. Whi ch o~tb.e follo wing ions are signi fican
the contributors to eutrophication?
38. For the man ufac ture of whic h TWO of
follo wing indu stria l prod ucts is chlo rine
I. PO/ -
MOS~widelyused?

Solventl
II. No;
I.
II. Sodi um chloride
m. SOl -
m. Polyvinylchloride
rv. Cblorofl.uorocaxbons
IV. a-
(A) land II
(A) Iand llon ly
(B) land ill Iand illon ly
(B)
(C) Tian dill
(C) I, nan d m only
(D) llan diV I, II, m and IV
(D)

39. "Which of the follo wing indu strie s use A redu ction in the ozon e layer is believed
to
42.
sulphuric acid? caus ed by the actio n of
have been
I. Fert:i1fzers (A) sulphur dioxide
II. Paint
(B) CFC s
m. Fibres
(C) meth ane
rv. Dete rgen ts
(D) carbo n dioxide

(~ I, II and m only
{B) I, ill and IV only
(C) II, m and IV only
(D) I,II, illan dN

GO ONT OTH ENE XTP AGE

0221 2010 /CAP E200 9


-9-

43. Which of the following statements on 44. Nitrogen monoxide, NO, is respoilSlble for the
environmental effects is true? · destruction of ozone in the stratosphere. How
can NO be generated in the atmosphere?
/ (A) Greehouse effect leads to global
war.tniD.g. I. Combustion offossil fuels
(B) Global warmmg leads to greenhouse n. Lightning discharge
~ffect. III. Reduction ofN0 2 by S0 2,, both of
(C) - Pbtotochemical smog leads to global which are present in the a1mosphere
warming.
(D) Eutrophication leads to greenhouse (A) landllonly
effect. (B) - Iandllionly
(C) IIandillonly
(D) L IIandiD

45. Which of the following plastics are


biodegradable ?

(A) Polythene terephthalate


(B) Low density polyethene
(C) Poly (3 - hydroxybutanoic acid)
(D) Polyvinylchloride

lFYOUFINISHBEFORETIMEIS.CALLED,CHECKYOiJRWORKONTIDSTEST.

j'

0221201 O/CAPE2009
-2-

1. Which of the following pairs of formulae is 3. The compo_und which shows both cis-trans
true for butanoic acid? isomerism and optical isomerism is

Molecuhnr EmpJirical H
H
lFon·nu.nla Formula
/
(A) C4Hs02 CH20
(A)
""
/
c c
/
H

(B)
(C)
C4H60z CH2 0
. C 2H 4 0
c ""/ c C-H
(D)
C4Hs02
C4H80 C 2H 4 0 H
/j"'-
H
H H
" "
Br H

2. Cotnbustion analysis of 0.18 g of an organic


cmnpound produces 0.396 g of carbon dioxide Cl Cl
· and 0.216 g of water. The empirical formula /
of the compound, given that it contains "c c
carbon, hydrogen and oxygen only, is (B)
c
/
"
/
C-H
(A)
(B)
(C)
CzHs04
C3H 80
C4 H80
H. / H
I" H H " Cl

(D) C6Hl60z

H H
/
(C)
"" c
/
c
c ""/ c - H

H
/I"-
Br
H H " H

·,w··
H
., c c
/
H

(D)
c
/
" /
C-H

H
/I"- H
H
H " H
- 3-

4. When propane reacts with CI 2 (g) in the 7. · The equation for the formation of the
presence of sunlight, two possible mono- anaesthetic, CF3CHBrCI. is
substituted products, 1-chloropropane and
2-chloropropane are formed. What is the ratio CF·3CH2Cl Brz --j. .CF CHBrCI.
3
of 1-chloropropane to 2-chloropropa.ne?

(A) 1:2 The type of reaction occurring is


(B) 1:3
(C) 2:1 (A) electrophilic substitution
(D) 3: 1 (B) free radical substitution
(C) nucleophilic addition
(D) nucleophilic substitution
5. The formula, C6 ~5 COOH. indicates that

(A) an acid group is present 8. Ethanol can be formed by the following


(B) the componnd is ketone reaction:
(C) the cotnpound is derived from hexane
(D) seven carbon atoms are arranged in
a chain
The mechanism used is

(A) electrophilic addition


6. In the reaction between ethene and bromine, (B) nucleophilic addition
which statements about the reaction (C) electrophilic substitution
mechanism may be ttue? (D) nucleophilic substitution

I. A carbocation fonns in the rate


detennining step.
II. A dative covalent bond forms
between the bromide ion and
.ethene.
III. Heterolytic fission of the bromine-
bromine bond occurs.

(A) I only
1'1tf··
(B) land II only
(C) II and III only
(D) I, II and III
-4-

one in the two steps, illustrated below.


9. 2-hydr oxy- 2 -tneth ylprop anoic acid c~m befon ned from propan
CH3 CH3 O
I· 4
St~ep X > J
CH3 -C-C =N
StepY
> CH3 -c- c
. I .. I
OH . "'OH
OH

true?
Which of the follow ing statem ents about these steps may be

L Step X involves nucleophilic addition.


II. Aqueo us potass ium cyanid e is the reagen t in Step X.
III. Step Y involves hydrolysis.

(A) !only
(B) I and II only
(C) II and III only
(D) I, II and III

11. A compo und, X, reacts with


10. Which of the following compounds will NOT
decolotnizebromine water but will decoloUlize
I. 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH )
potass ium manga nate(V ll) on wanni ng?
to give an orang e precip itate
II. Fehlin g's soluti on to give a red
(A) Butan e
precip itate
(B) EU1a.nol
III. aqueous alkaline iodine to give yellow
(C) Ethene
crysta ls
(D) Ethano ic acid
Comp ound X is MOST likely

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) CH2 COCH 3

@-cuo
-5-

Ite1n 1Z refers to the following reaction. hem 13 refers to the following structure of
tyrosine.

co2 n:

c&Br I
.iHlzN-~-- JHi

ClHI:z

12. The product of the following reaction is


fonned by

(A) an elimination reaction


¢
Olffi
(B) electrophilic substitution
13. The pH of tyrosine is MOST likely
(C) free radical substitution
(D) nucleophilic substitution (A) 2.1
(B) 5.6
(C) 7.0
(D) 9.0

Jl4. Which of the following is NOT true of addition polymerisation?

(A) Only one type of polymer is formed.


(B) The molecular mass of the polymer is a multiple of the monomer unit.
(C) The polymer is readily hydrolysed to the monomer.
the monomer.
(D) The physical and chemical properties of the polymer are different from those of

15. Which of the following is t:J.ue for starch and glucose?

Sta.:rd11 ""!t:r..a.,
Ghncos~

(A) High solubility in water High solubility in water

(B) Low solubility in water Low solubility in water

(C) Gives blue/black colour with iodine Gives blue/black colour with iodine

(D) No reaction with Fehling's solution Reduces Cu2+ in Fehling's solution to red/brown CuzO

GOON TOTH RNRX TPAGE


-6-

16. Whic h of the follow ing sets of titrati on 20. Treat ment of a 10.00 g samp le conta ining a
readin gs is the MOS T precis e? chloride salt with ex:cess silver nitrate sol ution
produ ces 8.08 g of silver chlori de.
(A) 25.1 25.5 25.1 25.2 (Ag= 108, Cl = 35.5)
The expre ssion for the perce ntage of chlori de
(B) 24.9 24.5 25.2 25.4
in the sampl e is

(C) 25.0 25.0 24.9 24.8


35.5X l0.00 xlOO
24.8 24.6 (A)
(D) 25.0 24.5 108X 8.08

35.5x 8.08 x 100


17. Whic h of the follow ing is NOT a prope rty of (B)
a prima ry standa rd? 108><10.00

(A) Does not under go hydro lysis


35.5x lO.OO xlOO
(B) Low relative molec ular mass (C)
143.5 x8.08
(C) Obtai nable in a pure state
(D) Very solubl e in water
35.5x 8.08 ><lOO
(D)
3 143.5 xl0.0 0
13. What is the conce ntrati on (tnol dm- ) of an
aqueo us soluti on that conta ins 63.3g of
K 3 Fe(CN ) 6 in 1.0 dm of soluti on? [The
3
21. A comp ound absor bs light of freque ncy 940
relative formu la mass ofiSF e(CN ) 5 is 329.2.]
MHz. The wave length . in em. of the light
8 1
(A) 1.92 x 1o- 1 absor bed is (c = 3.0 x 10 m s· )
(B) 2.95 X 1()4
(C) 3.11 X l0-3 (A) 31.91
(D) 5.77 X lo- 1 (B) 31.91 X lQ-2
(C) 31.91 X lo- 1
(D) 31.91 X 1()"
19. Natur ally occur ring Elem ent X has four
isotop es: 50X, 52:X, X and X. They hav~
53 54

perce ntage abund ance of4.3 1, 83.76 , 9.55/·· 22. Which two fean.u·es BEST descri be ultrav iolet
and 2.38 respec tively . radiation?

(A) Long wavel ength and high energ y


What is the relativ e atomi c tnass of X?
(B) Long wavel ength and low freque ncy
(C) Short wavel ength and hlgh frequency
(A) 52.00
(D) Short wavel ength and low energ y
(JB) 52.06
(C) 52.25
(D) 53.00

GO ON TO THE NEX T PAGE


-7-

23.

(A)o (C)o (D)o


vVhich of the following alkenes has the wavelength of maximtun absorption,

(B)o~

~· /}
A. max ?

24. Which ofthe following equations goven1s the 27. Which of the following is NOT a stationary
determination of an unknown compound, X, phase used in chromatography?
in a solution by UVNIS spectroscopy?
(A) Alumina
(A) log 10 (I/1) = E cL (B) Cellulose
(B) 1ogiO (IIlo) = E cL (C) Silica gel
(C) log 10 (!0 /I) = E L [X] (D) Starch
(D) 1og 10 (I/10 ) = E L [X]
Item 28 refers to the following information.

25. Which of the following pairs do NOT absorb Sample X is a mixture of substances. X was
infrared radiation? separated into its components using paper
chromatography simultaneously with
I. H 20 and HI individual samples of e, f, g and h. The
II. H 2 and Cl 2 chromatograph produced is shown below.
III. Nl-13 and HB r
IV. CH4 and Br2

(A) I and III only


(B) I and IV only
(C) II and III only
(D) II and IV only

26. Which of the following species is NOT a·,,.~


significant fragment from the mass spectrum
of ethanol?
Sample X e f g h
(A) C 2H 5 0H+
(B) CzHs+
(C) CH3+ 28. Which substances are MOST likely present
(D) OH+ in Sample X?

(A) e, f, g
(B) e,f, h
(C) e,g,h
(D) e, f, g, h
- 8-
rs
29. A solu tion of 10 g of a carb oxyl ic acid (wea
k 31. Whi ch of the follownng are impo rtan t facto
nnin ing the loca tion of a
acid ) in J 00 cxn
3 of wate r is shak en with to cons ider in dete
n.ly facto ry?
100 cm3 of etho xyet hane . It is foun d thato
6.5 g of the acid remains in aque ous solu tion
is I. Prmdmity to a pote ntial work forc e
at equi libri um. The patti tion coef ficie nt
II. Ava ilab ility to a xnea ns of
0.05 4
transportation
(A)
HI. Pote ntial poll utio n of air, land and
(B) 0.54
wate r
(C) 5.4
54 IV. Prox imit y to raw mate rials
(D)
(A) I, II and III only
s (B) I, II and IV only
!tern 30 refe rs to the follo wing appa ratu I, III and IV only
prep arati ons. (C)
used in orga nic
(D) I, II, III and IV

the
32. The extr actio n of aluminiuxn invo lves
sis of puri fied baux ite diss olve d in
elec troly
IN
mol ten cryo lite, Na 3 AIF6 . The MA
purp ose of the cryo lite is to

(A) prev ent the oxid ation of the anod es


(B) increase the electrical conductivity of
the melt
(C) redu ce the: Inel ting poin t... of the
mixture
s (D) prev ent the reox idat ion of the
3({). For whic h of the follo wing is the appa ratu · alwniniurn form ed at the cathode
NOT suita ble?

(A) Con yers ion of phe nyla min e to the


33. In the fractional disti llati on of crud e oil,
bew.....enediazonium chloride tion s are sepa rated base d on
diffe rent frac
(B) Con vers ion of buta n .._, 1 - ol to
their
1 - brom obut ane
(C) Oxi dati on of prop an - 2 - ol to-" polarity
(A)
propanone volatility
(B)
(D) 0Jlid ation of meth anol to meth anoi c
(C) viscosity
acid solubility
(D)

d
34. Pen nentation of sugars to alcohol is controlle
tnes colle ctive ly know n as
by a sexies of enzy

(A) amylase
(B) lipase
(C) sucr ase
(D) zym ase

GO ON TOT HEN EXT PAG E


-9-

35. In the Bosch-Haber process, N2 and H 2 can 38. Chlorine is the active component for
be obtained from X andY respectively. Which swimming pool disinfectants, although it is a
of lhe: following pairs BEST describes these poisonous gas. Which salt below is used as a
sources? safe chlorine source?

y (A) HClO
X
(B) CaCI 2
Ammonium (C) NaClO
(A)
salts Naphtha (D) NaC103
Ammonium
(B) Air
salts
(C) Air Naphtha
39. V\fhich of the following industries use
Ammonium sulphuric acid?
(D) Air
salts
I. ·Fettilizer
II. Paint
36. Which of the following ate consequences of III. Fibre
the consmnption of alcohol? IV. Detergent-

I. Depresses the central nervous (A) I, II and III only


system (B) I, III and IV only
II. May cause liver disease (C) II, III and IV only
III. Reduces manual dexterity (D) I, II, III and IV

(A) I and II only


(B) I and III only 40. The biological oxygen demand (BOD) of
(C) II and III only water measures the amount of oxygen
(D) I, II and III
(A) present in a fKxed volume of water
(B) produced by aquatic plants in
37. In the electrolysis of brine using the photosynthesis
diaphragm cell, two by-products are (C) needed by microorganisms as they
decompose organic matter
(A) chlorine and oxygen (D) used by aquatic organisms during
(B) chlorine and sodimn respiration
(C) hydrogen and mercury
(D) hydrogen and sodiwn hydroxide

.
; .,
- 10-
ram
can Item 44 refe rs to the sche mat ic diag
4JL The pres ence of pho spha te ions (PO /-)
below.
be dete cted usin g
Nitro~ Rain and
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
arrunoniwn molybdate
sodi wn th.iosulphate
pota ssiu m thiocyanate solution
pota ssiu m hex acy ario ferr ate( Il)
,_~fi,_x-a~tion

Den itriz ying


bact eria
~

• j ligh tnin g

Nitrifying
bact eria
solution
Org anic ~ Plan ts
N2
olyt ic
42. . Chl orof luor oca rbon s und ergo hom com pou nds
to ultra viol et light in
fission by bein g expo sed
the stra tosp here .
Bac teria
Bacteria z
Cl?
Whi ch radical coul d result from CI-IzFCF2
44. W wou ld MO ST likel y be
(A) "CH2CF2Cl
(B) CH2F"C F2
(A) nitrates
(C) "CH FCF2 Cl
(B) nitri tes
(D) CH2F"C FCI
(C) nitric(V) aci.d
(D) · amm oniu m salts
on
43. Wh ich of the foll owi ng stat eme nts
envi ronm enta l effe cts is true ? , is
45. The burn ing of poly viny lchl orid e, PVC
osal tedm ique
con side red an imp rope r disp
(A) Gre enh ouse effe ct lead s to glob al
beca use PVC
wan ning .
(B) Glo bal war min g leads to greenhouse form s toxi c prod ucts
(A)
effe ct. caus es acid rain
(B)
(C) Pho toch emi cal smo g lead s to global dest roys the ozo ne laye r
(C)
warm ing.
(D) has a very high mel ting poin t
(D) Eutr oph icat ion lead s to gree nho use
effe ct. ·

illS 'IES T.,


AL LED ,CH ECJ KY OU l-tW OR JI'O NT
IFY OU F!N JI§l t-IB EJl. iOR ET! ME ISC

0221 201 O/C APE 20 l 0


.. · TEST CODE 02212 010
FOR M TP 2011155 MAY/JU NE 2011

CARIB BEAN EXAM INAT IONS COUN CIL

ADVAN CED PROFIC IENCY EXAMI NATION


CHEMI STRY- UNIT 2
Paper 01

90 minutes

( 07 .JUNE 2011 (p.m) )

READ THE FOLLO WING INSTRU CTIONS CAREFU LLY.

1. This test consists of 45 items. You will have 90 minutes to answer them.
2.
"
In addition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet and a ~ata Booklet.
each item
3. Each item in this test has four suggeste d answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read
you are about to answer and decide which choice is best.
the space
4. On your answer sheet, find the number which correspo nds to your item and shade
havi~g the same letter as the answer you have chosen. Look at the sample item below.

Sample Item.·

vyllich of the follo~ing is tp.e HIGHES T energy transitio n in an org::mic compoun d?

(;A)· .n to 0'* ·Sample Answer


(B) n to 1t*
(t) :a to cr*
·· 1t to 1t*
CP)... .' ·..
... -

Th~{l;>e,
. ..
~
stanswer to this item is "cr to cr*", so answer space (C) has been shaded.
'.
fill in your
5. !(you want to change your answer, be sure to erase your old answer complete ly and
new choice. ·
_l 6. When you are told to begin, tum the page and work as quickly and as carefully as
you can. If
the omitted
you cannot answer an item, omit it and go on to the next one. You can come back to
item later. Your score will be the total number of correct answers.

7. You may do a:o.y rough work in this booklet.


8. Figures are ·not necessar ily drawn to scale.
9. The use of silent, non-prograrmnl:lble calculato rs is allowed.

DO N.OT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLn TO DO SO.


Copyright © 2010 Caribbea n Examinations Council
All rights reserved . ·
-2-

1. Which statem ent is true about carbon - 5. In the reactio n betwee n the ethene and
carbon bonds? bromin e, which statem ent(s) about the
reaction mecha nism may be true?
(A) A double bond is made of a sigma
bond and a pi bond. I. A carboc ation forms in the rate
(B) There is a higher electro n density determining step.
betwee n the atoms in a single II. A dative covale nt bond forms
bond than in a double bond. between the bromid e ion and the
(C) The distanc e betwee n the nuclei carbocation;
of the carbon atoms is shorter in III. Heterolytic fission of the bromine-
single bonds than in double bonds. bromin e bond occurs.
(D) Single bonds are more reactiv e
toward II\ost reagen ts than double (A) I only
bonds. · (B) I and II only
(C) II and III only
(D) I, II and III
2. When butan-1-ol is dehydr ated in a suitable
piece of apparatus, the produc t is
6. Which of the follow ing compo unds is
(A) butane MOST likely to underg o hydroly sis?
(B) butene
(C) but-1-ene
(D) but-2-e ne

3. It is true that an electro phile must have (C)

(A) a positiv e charge (D) Cl -<Q >- Cl


(B) a negativ e charge
.- (C) a non-bo~~ng electro n
' (D) .an oxygen or nitroge n atom

4. ; The c9rrect IUPAC name for the structural


: formul
.·~ . ·: .
a

(A) 2, 2, 4-trime thyl pentan e


(B) 2, 2, 4-trime thyl octane
(C) 2, 4, 4-trime thyl pentan e
(D) 2, 4, :4-trimethyl octane
I
l -3-

7. Which of the following is a pair of optical isomers?

CH3 CH3
I l
(A) . CH3-C- OH . HO-C-C H3
I I
CH3 CH3

H H
I I
(B) C~Hs-C-OH HO-C-C 2Hs
I (~ I
CH3 CH3

H H H H H H H H
I I I I I I I I
(C) H-C-C -C-C-O H HO-C- C-C-C -H
I I I I I I I I
H H H H H H H H

CH3H H CH3
I I I I
(D) H-C-C -OH HO-C-C -CH3
I I I I
CH3H H CH3

8. Hydrog~n cyanide adds to ethanal but not to ethene because


(A) .· ·.~thanal is more susceptible to electrophilic attack than ethene
(B' · · :·ethanal is more susceptible to free radical attack than ethene
(C)· .. _. ethanal is rn:ore susceptible to nucleophilic attack than ethene
CP,)· ·.:··:.:the addition·product formed with ethene would be unstable
.·: .
to,' I •

.. ~ .• .

{i() ()l\T T() Tl-TP 1\TP YT PAn H'


-4-

Item 9 refers to the molecule shown in the 11. At which of the carbon atoms (indicated
following diagram. by an arrow and labelled (A), (B), (C) and
(D)) in the molecule below is nucleophilic
0 attack MOST likely?

H ~0
"c / CD)

.
~CH 3
A\CH Br 2
(C) ~
9. The above molecule is responsible for the
flavour in spearmint bubble gum. Which '---------- (A)
statements about it are correct? (B)

I. It will decolourize bromine. 12. The complete reaction of phenol with


II. It will be oxidized by hot aqueous aqueous bromine is characterised by a
acidified K.MnO4 •
m. It will give a positive test with (A) brown precipitate, a brown solution
Tollen's reagent. and a sweet smell
(B) brown precipitate, a colourless
(A) I and II only solution and a sweet smell
(B) I and III only (C) white precipitate, a colourless
(C) II and III only solution and an antiseptic smell
(D) I, Ilandill (D) white precipitate, a brown solution
·and an antiseptic smell
·Item 10 refers to the following reaction.
13. Which of the following is NOT true about
condensation polymerisation?

~Br (A) The molecular mass of the polymer


is a multiple of the combined
masses of its monomers.
(B) The polymer can be hydrolysed to
10. ;The. pn;>duct of the following reaction is form its monomers.
f.oml.ed by (C) Tht? polymer has physical and
chemical properties that differ
(A) free radical substitution from the monomer units.
(B) nucleophilic substitution (D) Small molecules are eliminated
(C) elimination reaction during the condensation process.
(D) electrophilic substitution
i
I - 5-
_l

14. Which of the following compounds would 18. Which of the following graphs illustrates
release a proton MOST readily? the titration of dilute sulphuric acid with
i
-· potassium hydroxide solution?

(A)

(B)

(C)
CH3 CH2 0H

C~COOH

C6H 50H
(A)
pH 14b:C
7

Vol of~ so,.

15.
(D) CH30H

A sample of an organic compound with a


mass of 0.816 g w~s completely burned
(B)
pH 14lL
7

in oxygen and fourid to produce 1.55 g of


Vol ofH1 S04
carbon. dioxide and 0.955 g of water only.

14~
The empirical formula of the compound is (C) pH
(A) C2H60 7
(B) C2H402

14LC
(C) CzHz04 Vol of H 2 S04
(D) C 4H 80
(D)
pH
7
16. Which of the following pieces of apparatus
possesses the HIGHEST degree of uncer-
tainty in measuremen t? Volof~S04

(A) Burette
_.(B) . Beaker 19. Which of the following statements about
(C) .~ Pipette gravimetric analysis is NOT true?
:cP)
. ~'
'· Measur~g cylinder
(A) Gravimetric analysis is a purely
quantitative method.
Item 17 refers_ to: the following burette (B) Gravimetric analysis never involves
r~ad~g~: the removal of volatile compo-
--;.,
nents of a solid.
;2-5·:1, ': :25.2, 24.9, 24.8 (C) The analyte can be identified after
p:r;ecipitation and isolation have
17. ;The standard deviation of the readings occurred.
above is (D) The amount of analyte lost due to
solvation is assumed to be negli-
(A) 0.10 gible.
(B) 0.13
(C) 0.15
(D) 0.18.

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


-6-

20. Treatment of a 10.00 g sample containing 23. Hexane will not absorb light in the
a chloride salt with excess silver nitrate UV/visible region of the spectrum because
solution produced 8.08 g of silver chloride. there is a
(Ag = 108, Cl = 35.5)
(A) large difference in energy between
The expression for the percentage of the bonding and antibonding
chloride in the sample is orbitals
(B) large difference in energy between
143.5 X 8.08 the bonding and non-bonding
(A) X 100
35.5 X 10.00 orbitals
35.5 X 10.00 (C) small difference in energy between
(B) X 100 the bonding and non-bonding
143.5 X 8.08
: orbitals
35.5 X 8.08 (D) small difference in energy between
(C) X 100
143.5 X 10.00 the bonding and antibonding
143.5 X 1Q.Q0 orbitals
(D) X 100
35.5 X 8.08
24. Which of the following pairs do NOT
21. Which of the following will NOT affect absorb infrared radiation?
the accuracy ofthe results in a titrimetric
analysis? I. ~OandHI
v- ;>"1.:> II. H 2 and Cl2
(A) Purity of reagents III. NH3 and HCl
(B) Adding excess water to the conical rv. N 2 and Br2
flask
(C) Blowing the reagent out of the (A) -I and III only
pipette tip (B) I and IV only
(D) Overshootj.ng the calibration mark (C) II and III only
of the voll:unetric flask (D) II and IV only

:' ..
22. · The structural features which cause 25. In which of the following processes is
:: ~~sorj}tion in the_· UVNIS region of the infra-red spectroscopy MOST likely used?
· ¢.:t~·c~otnagnetic spectrum are known as
.. ' .
·:·f I. Monitoring atmospheric pollution
. (~)· : -cr bonds II. Breath-alcohol analysis
1.·03) · cbromophores III. Quantitative analysis
:(C) isolated 1t bonds ~·

(D) lone pairs of electrons (A) I only


(B) II only
(C) I and II only
(D) I and III only

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


l -7-

27. Whic h of the follo wing is NOT a visualising


26. In the mass spect rome ter, a mole cular ion
;. agen t in chrom atogr aphy ?
I

,_._ is form ed from a comp ound by


(A) Cellu lose
(A) loss of a proto n
(B) Iodin e
(B) gain of an elect ron
(C) Ninhydrin
(C) loss of an elect ron
(D) Ultra viole t light
(D) fragm entat ion of the comp ound

ethanol,
whic h is obtai ned when a 1 : 1: 1 : 1 mixtu re of
Item 28 refer s to the follo wing chrom atogr am
sed by gas-l iquid chromatography.
propa n-1-o l, butan -1-ol and hexa n-1-o l is analy
I

II
m
IV I Ethan ol

II Prop an -1- ol

III Buta n -1- ol

N Hexa n -1- ol

5 10
0
Reten tion time (min )

conc entra tion?


28. Whic h i,omp ound is .present in the IDGH EST
i,' I
1

(A)' Ethan ol
$): . · ·Buta n-1-o l
(C): . Hexa n-1-o l ·
(D)'· · <" ·_Propan-1-ol .·
. .
• '·! . •.

GO ON TO THE NEX T PAG E


I
l -8-
I. Item 29 refers to the following boiling point composition curves for three mixtures ..
I.
II

c _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ - - · - -

I II III

29. Which of the following CANNOT be completely separated by fractional distillation?

(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) I and II only
(D) II and III only

30. Which of the following statements about a 31. \Vhich of the following are important
partition coefficient may be true? factors to consider in determining the
location of a factory?
I. It does not vary with temperature.
n.. The solute has to be in the same L Proximity to raw materials
molecular state in both solvents II. Proximity to a potential workforce
for it to by a constant. III. Potential pollution of air, land and
-III. ··The two ·-solutions have to be water
.: · ·concentrated for it to be a constant. Iv. Availability to a means of transpor-
~
t
.' ..
•• •

tation
,{1\). .. I only
::cfi3). II only (A) I, II and III only
C¢Y> I and II only (B) I, II and IV only
CD} ..-: I, II and :Q:I (C) I, III and IV only
(D) I, II, III and IV
,•

32. When extracting aluminium from its


bauxite ore, the bauxite is

(A) electrolysed
(B) heated with carbon
(C) dissolved in molten cryolite to
reduce the melting point
(D) dissolved in molten cryolite to
reduce electricity costs

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


l - 9-

I
33. Which of the following is represented by 36. In the production of sulphuric acid by the
I.
i C 1 - C 4 hydrocarbons? contact process the following exothermic
· reaction takes place:
(A) Kerosene
(B) Diesel oil
(C) Gasoline
(D) Refinery gas Which of the following conditions would
favour the forward reaction?

Item 34 refers to the following fractions of I. Low pressure


crude oil. IT. Excess oxygen
III. Low temperature
I. Diesel
IT. Petrol (A) I only
III. Refinery gas (B) I and II only
IV Kerosene (C) II and III only
(D) I, II and III

34. The correct order in terms of increasing


boiling point is Item 37 refers to the manufacture of
chlorine by the electrolysis of brine using
(A) I, II, Ill, IV the diaphragm cell.
(B) Ill, I, IT, IV
(C) III, II, I, IV 37. The anode is made up of
(D) III, II, IV, I
(A) steel
(B) graphite
35. The essential ~onditions for the Haber process (C) platinum with a coating of asbestos
are (D) titanium wi~h an inert coating of
ruthenium (IV) oxide
(A) ?- Atm pressure, 400 oc, iron catalyst
(~);. · 2 Atm pressure, 450 oc, no catalyst
Cfl. . f'OO Atm pr~ssure, 450 °C, iron 38. For which TWO of the following industrial
.. . ::catalyst products is chlorine MOST widely used in
(Dji . : .. 200 Atm pressure, 1000 oc, no their manufacture?
.(. · ·. _: -~atalyst
I. Solvents
II. Sodium chloride
III. Poly'Viny!chloride
IV. Chlorofluoroca rbons

(A) I and II only


(B) I and III only
(C) II and III only
(D) II and IV only
- 10-

39. Which of the followi ng industr ies use 43. When chlorofluorocarbons are ilnpacted by
sulphur ic acid? ultraviolet radiation, chlorine radicals are
formed in preference to fluorine radicals.
I. Fertiliz er This occurs in the upper atmosp here
II. Paint because
IIi. Fibre
IV. Deterge nt (A) the chlorine radical is more reactive
than the fluorine radical
(A) I, II and III only ,(B) the fluorine radical is more reactive
(B) I, III and IV only than the chlorine radical
(C) II, III and IV only (C) the bond enthalp y of the C - Cl
(D) I, II, III and IV bond (340 kJ mol- 1) is less than
that of the C - F bond (484 kJ
mol- 1)
40. Which of the following is a disadvantage (D) the bond enthalp y of the C - Cl
of using chlorine for water purification? bond corresponds to the energy
of the ultraviolet radiation
(A) Chlorin e promote s eutrophication.
(B) Chlori ne contrib utes to the
depletio n of the ozone layer. 44. Which of the following may be a result of
(C) Toxic chlorin ated hydroc arbons light-induced reaction of pollutants in the
may be formed. air?
(D) Toxic chlorin e gas may threaten
nearby homes. I. Global warmin g
II. Photoch emical smog
41. Which of the following ions are significant III. Greenhouse effect
contributors to eutrophication?
(A) I only
. I. PCP- (B) II only
4
(C) I and III only
(D) I, II and III

. ''·.

45 . Which of the follow ing plastic s are


·. . ..
.··:Iv.· CI- biodegradable?
.·...

. .. (A).· .. I and II only (A) Polythene terephthalate


; :. (B) ·: ' I and Ill only (B) Low density polyethene
... (C) I, II and III only (C) P-oly (3 - hydroxybutanoic acid)
. (D) I, II, III and IV (D) Polyvinylchloride

42. Which of the following compounds is NOT


a primary pollutant?

(A) Carbon monoxi de


(B) Nitroge n dioxide
(C) Nitroge n monoxi de
(D). Sulphur dioxide

ON THIS TEST.
IF YOU FINIS H BEFO RE TIME IS CALL ED, CHEC K YOUR WORK
FOR M TP 2012 155 I·.

CAR IBBE AN EXA MIN ATIO NS COU NCIL

ADVA NCED PROF ICIEN CY EXAM INATI ON


CHEM ISTRY - UNIT 2

Paper 01
90 minutes

( 07 JUNE 2012 (p.m.) )

READ THE FOLL OWIN G INSTR UCTIO NS CARE FULLY .

then1.
1. This test consist s of 45 items. You will have 90 n1inutes to answer
a Data Bookle t.
2. In additio n to this test bookle t, you should have an answer sheet and
(C), (D). Read each · e
3. Each itetn in this test has four sugges ted answer s lettered (A), (B),
you are about to answer and decide which choice is best.
item and shade the s.
4. On your answe'r sheet, find the numbe r which corresp onds to your
sample item below.
having the san1e letter as the answer you have chosen . Look at the
Sampl e Iten1
···.!.
··s·

_1~ Which of the follow ing is the HIGHEST energy transiti on in an organic
con1pound?

(A) n to a+ Satnple Answe r


.r (B) n ton:+
.·;

. (C) a to a*
(D) 1t ton:*

been shaded.
The best answer to this iten1 is "a to cr*", so answer space (C) has
your new choice.
5. If you want to change your answer , erase it comple tely and fill in
as careful1y as you can ~f
6. When you are told to begin, tum the page and work as quickly and
to this item later. Your sc 1 .
you cannot answer an iten1, go on ~o the next one. You n1ay return
will be the total nmnbe r of correct answer s.
7. You tnay do any rough work in this bookle t.
Figure s are not necess arily drawn to scale.

-===
8.
...
_ _J
9. You n1ay use a silent, non-pr ogranu nable calcula tor to answer iten1s.
DO SO.
~ DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO

-==
-- iiiiiiiiiiil
Copyr ight© 2010 Caribb ean Examin ations Counci l
=
iiiiiiii
All rightsr eserve d.
l
-2- I
!

1. Which statement is true about C - C bonds? 3. The compound which shows both ci - rans
----,
isomerism and optical isomerism is I

!
(A) A double bond is made of a sigma H
H
bond and a pi bond.
/
(B) There is a higher electron density
between the atoms in a single
(A) "I c c
I
H I
I

(C)
bond than in a double bond.
The distance between the nuclei
of the carbon atoms is shorter
c
/I'\ H
"I c C- H

r
'\
H
I
!
H H
in single bonds than in double H
bonds. I
I
(D) Single bonds are more reactive
I
towards most reagents than Cl
Cl
double bonds.
'\ / l
(B) c= c I

Item 2 refers to the following structure.

H H H H.
c
IJ"- H
/
"
/
c --,

H H
I I I I H
H-C-C -C-C-H
I I I l
H H H
H H
H-C-H I I
I
H-C-H
I
(C)

c
"
/
c c

"/ c
I

H
H
II'- H H
Br
2. The IUPAC name for the structure is

(A) 2- ethyl butane


(B) 3 - ethyl butane H H
. (C)
(D)
2 - methyl pentane
3 - methyl pentane (D)

c
"
/
c c
I

"
/j"-
H H H
H

GO ON TO THE NEXT PA ~,
-3-

4. Volatility of organic compound s depends 6. Which of the following alcohols will N The
on the strength of the inten11olecular forces oxidised by acidified potassium die mate
present. Which compound below would be (VI)?
I:, the MOST volatile?

(A) CH3 CH2 CH2 0H (A) ~H1 0H


(B) CH 3CH2CH2CH3
I:::~ (C) CH 3CH(CH3 )CH 3
(D) CH3CH2CH2COOH
CH1 0H

l (B)
I
5. In the reaction between ethene and CH- C - H
bron1ine, which statemen ts about the 3 I
reaction mechanism are true?
l I. A carbocatio n forn1s in the rate
OH

H
detennini ng step.
L II. A dative covalent bond forms
between the bron1ide ion and the (C) CH -CH - C - O H
I
carbocatio n. 3 1 I
I_ III. Heterolyti c fission of the bromine-
bromine bond occurs.
CH 3

CH 3
l_ (A)
(B)
I and II only
I and III only I
(C) II and III only (D) CH- C - OH
(D) I, II and III I
L 3

CH 3

l_
7. The equation for the fom1ation of the a aes-
thetic, CF3CHBrCl, is
l_
Br2 > CF3CHBrCl

L The type of reaction occun·ing is

l_ (A) electrophilic substitution


(B) free radical substitution
(C) nuc.Ieophilic addition
(D) nucleophilic substitution

GO ON TO THE NEXT P r
-4-

8. Ethanol can be fonned by the fo11owing 10. Which of the following compoun oes
reaction NOT give a white precipitate when h ken
with cold ethanolic silver nitrate?

(A)

The mechanism used is

(A) eJectrophilic addition


Cl
(B) nucleophilic addition
(C) electrophilic substitution
(D) nucleophilic substitution (B)

I
i
Iten1 9 refers to folJowing diagram of i
I
Compound A. CJ I
(C)
0 I
I
I
II
(D) i

nc==cn2 I
I
Compound A
I
9. Which statements are cmTect concerning l
Cmnpound A? 11. Which of the foJJowing would rei f a
proton MOST readily?
I. It will decolourize aqueous
bromine. (A) CH 3CH 20H
II. It will decolourize cold, acidified (B) CH.COOH I
·' !
potassimn pennanganate. (C) C"'H 50H
111. It will produce a silv~r mirror with (D) CH 30H
Toll en's reagent.

(A) I and Il only 12. Hydrogen cyanide is more likely to i to


(B) I and 11 I only ethanal but not to ethene because I
(C) II and JII only i
(D) I., II and HI (A) ethanal is more susceptible Ito
e)ectrophilic attack than et ~:~i,1e
(B) ethan~ I is more susceptible t tl' jee
rsd1caf attack than ethene 1

(C) ethanal is more susceptib ito


nucleophilic attack than et et~e
(0) the addition product formed '- ~th
ethene would be unstable

I
GO ON TO THE NEXT PA ~.
I .......
-l J~fl~J1?·''

1;1 - 5-
::;i~~ . Jten1 13 refers to the following structure of 16.
I
Which of the following may be elimi ~fed
tyrosine. by calibrating a measuring instrume t I

(A) Lack of precision


(B) Random en-ors
(C) Systematic errors
(D) Random and systematic erro s

1\~
1

I
i
I
'.:i 17 . Which of the following is NOT apr ;rty
l !'... ..~
·;;:J: of a prhnary standard? i
I
(A) Does not undergo hydrolysi 1

j·[ 13. The pH of tyrosine is MOST likely (B) Has low relative molecular 's.
(C) Is obtainable in a pure state.
(A) 2.1 (D) Is very soluble in water.
(B) 5.6
(C) 7.0
(D) 9.0 18. Which of the following will NOT
the accuracy of the results in a titri
analysis?
14. Which of the following is NOT true of
addition poly1nerisation? (A) Adding excess water to the c
flask
(A) Only one type of polyn1er is (B) Blowing the reagent out
fon11ed. pipette tip
(B) The 1nolecular mass of the polymer (C) Overshooting the calibration
is a multiple of the monomer of the volun1etric flask
unit. (D) Purity of reagents
(C) The polymer is readily hydrolysed
to the monomer.
(D) The physical and chetnical 19. A 300 mg solid sample containing ch
properties of the polymer are is dissolved in water. The chloride i
different fron1 those of the precipitated as AgCl by the additi
n1onon1er. silver nitrate to the solution of the sa
The precipitate is collected, washed,
and weighed, and found to have a m
15. The product fanned by the polymerisation of 525 mg.
propene, C 3H 6 , may be used as a
(R.A.M. ofCl = 35.5, Ag = 108)
(A) fuel
(B) liquid The mass of chloride present in the sat
{C) disinfectant
(D) plastic material (A) 74.2 mg
(B) 118.0 mg
(C) 129.9 mg
(D) 208.0 mg

i
GO ON TO THF. NEXT PA fli
-6-

20. Which of the following statements about 24. Hexane will not absorb light in the U
gravimetric analysis is NOT true? region of the spectrum because ther ;s a

(A) Gravimetric analysis is a purely (A) large difference in energy b


quantitative method. the bonding and antib
(B) Gravimetric analysis never orbitals
involves the removal of volatile (B) large difference in energy b
components of a solid~ the bonding and non-b
(C) The analyte can be identified after orbitals
precipitation and isolation have (C) small difference in energy b
occurred. the bonding and non-b
(D) The amount of analyte lost due orbitals
to solvation is assumed to be (D) sma11 difference in energy b
negligible. the bonding and antibo
orbitals

21. Which of the following analytical tech-


niques is considered MOST specific for 25. Which of the following pairs will NOT
identification purposes? infrared radiation?

(A) Mass spectroscopy I. H:! and Cl 2


(B) UVNIS spectroscopy II. NH 3 and HBr
(C) Gas chromatography III. CH4 and Br1
(D) Thin-layer chromatography
(A) I only
(B) 11 only
22. Which two features BEST describe ultra- (C) I and III only
violet radiation? (D) II and III only

(A) Long wavelength and high energy


(B) Long wavelength and low 26. Which of the following statements ab
frequency patiition coefficient may be true?
(C) Short wavelength and high
fi~equency l. It does not vary with temperat r ;.
(D) Shot1 wavelength and low energy I1. The so Jute has to be in the ,1pe
molecular state in both sol e.nts
for it to be a constant.
23. Which ofthe following types of electronic HI. The two solutions have be
transitions would NOT produce absorption con centra ted for it to <i' a
in the UVNIS region ofthe spectrum? constant.

(A) s __... p* (A) I only


(B) p-+ p"' (B) 11 only
(C) n __... p* {C) J and l1 only
(D) n-+ s* (D) I. II and Ill

GO ON TO THE NEXT PA
-...,
-7-

27. Which of the follow ing is NOT a station ary 30. Which of the followi ng are advant g is of
phase used in chron1 atograp hy? stean1 distilla tion? I
I
(A) Alumi na I. It occurs under reduce d pre s~re.
l (B)
(C)
Cellulo se
Silica gel
II.
Ill.
The compon ents do not deco 1~ose.
It provid es savings in fuel t.
(D) Starch i
(A) I and II only
(B) I andl Ill only
·· Item 28 refers to the followi ng inform ation. (C) II and III only
..I
. (D) I, 11 and III
j A studen t canies out an experim ent using I

thin-la yer chron1 atograp hy separat ion on


I

silica gel and obtains the followi ng results: 31. Which of the following are important l~ors
to conside r in detenni ning the locati 1 ?f a
Compo und Distan ce Travel led factory? i
I
(em)
Compo und A 1.5 I. Prox~mity.t~ a potential work o~:ce
II. Avail ability to a mea s iI of
Compo undB 9.1 .
,
transpm 1atwn
Solven t 12.5
III. Potenti al polluti on of air, lat · nd
water
28. The Rr value of Compo und A is IV. Proxim ity to raw materials
(A) 0.07
(A) I, II and III only
(B) 0.12
(B) I, II and IV only
(C) 0.16
(C) I, Ill and IV only
(D) 0.73
(D) I, II, III and IV

29. A solutio n of 10 g of a carbox ylic acid 32. Along with silicon dioxide , which
(weak acid) in 100 cm 3 of water is shaken
following compou nds constitutes the
with 100 cm of ethoxy ethane . It is found
3
impurities of bauxite?
that only 6.5 g of the acid remain s in
aqueou s solutio n at equilib rimn. The (A) lron(II) oxide
pa1tition coefficient is lron(IIJ) oxide
(B)
(C) Carbon dioxide
(A) 0.054
(D) Carbon monoxide
(B) 0.54
(C) 5.4
(D) 54.0

GO ON TO THF. NF.XT PAr,


-8-

37. In the elec troly sis of brin e u ing the·


Item 33 refers to the follo wing fractions of
crud e oil. diap hrag m cell, two by-p rodu c s re

I. Dies el (A) chlo rine and oxyg en


II. Petrol (B) chlorine and sodium
Refin ery gas (C) hydr ogen and merc ury
III.
IV. Kero sene (D) hydr ogen and sodi um h

33. The corre ct orde r in tenn s of INCR EAS ING


boiJing poin ts is 38. The prese nce of phos phat e ions ( . 4J-) can
be detec ted usin g
(A) I, II, Ill, IV
(B) III,I ,IV, II (A) amm oniu m moly bdat e
pota ssiu m hexa cyan o ate( II)

l
III, II, IV. I (B)
(C)
solut ion
(D) IV, II, I, Ill 1

(C) pota ssium thioc yana te s J tion


(D) sodiun1 thios ulph ate

l
I

34. Whi ch of the follo wing prod ucts is NOT


prod uced for comm ercia l purp oses by the II p I11tes
.
e]ectroJysis of conc entra ted brine ? 39. C mnp oun ds o f· su lP.I1~r sue I1 .as. s~

are used as food addit ives. This 1 .ecause


1

they I
(A) Chlo rine
(B) Oxyg en I
(C) Hydr ogen (A) impr ove the flavo ur of ft i
(D) Sodi um chlor ate (V) (B) help to enha nce the colo ~f food
(C) inhib it the oxid ation ofun a: trated
fats
help to pres erve the by
In the Bosc h-Ha ber proc ess, N., and H~ can
35. (D)
dehy drati on
be obta ined from X and Y respecti~eJy.
T
Whi ch of the follo wing pair s BES
desc ribes X and Y?
40. Whi ch of the follo wing use
y sulph uric acid'?
X
(A) Amm oniu m salts Naph tha I. Fet1ilizer
-
(B) Amm oniu m salts Air n. Paint
(C) Air Naph tha IIJ. Fibre
IV. Dete rgent
(D) Air Amm oniu m salts
(A) I. II and Ill only
(B) 1, Ill and lV only
36. Whi ch of the follo wing state men ts does (C) II, Ill and JV only
ol
NOT accu rateJ y desc ribe a resul t of ethan (D) L 11, JH and JV
consumption?

(A) Dige stion occu rs in the stom ach.


(B) Natu ral inhi bitio ns are re]ax ed
(redu ced) .
(C) Oxid ation occu rs in the bloo d.
(D) Reac tion time is redu ced.

GO ON TO THE NEX T P Cftf.


-9-
. Item 44 refe rs to the follo wing sch
1 atic
I .
'.·
41 . Whi ch of the follo win g is NO T a gree
hou se gas?
n-
diag ram .

-,
(A) Amn 1oni a Nitrogen _., N2 ~~--:-:R:-:-ai_n7a_n_d-tt--;r
(B) Car bon diox ide fixation ...-l lighJtnin g Li
!X
(C) Met han e Deni trifying J
(D) Wat er vap our bacteria Nitrifying

Item s 42- 43 refe r to the foll owi ng


,
) bacteria

Organic Plants y
l
desc ripti on:
wr. .._D eca y.
f~~~r
N
2
4 I
J
i.i
compounds
n-11 ,
Aer oso l prop ella nts such as Freo I
use of Bacteria
CC13 F, are of 111ajor con cern beca
I
Bacteria ...
~
e,
thei r photochen1icaJ reac tion with ozon
ere
0 3 • Ultr avio let radi atio n in the strat osph
.ii,i·
th(m W would MO ST JikeJy be
j ~ :~~- prod uce s chlo rine radi cals , whi ch 44.
reac t with ozon e, prod ucin g oxy gen.

_~i
(A) nitrates
cal (B) nitrites
42. A bala nced equa tion for the pho toch emi
(C) nitri c(V) acid
deco n1po sitio n of Freo n- II is
(D) amm oniu m salts

J:l, ·:t.f•. t;;:.:·1


··;o-.:,-•·
(A}

(B)
CC13F(g)

CC13F(g)
hr ) 2Cl• (g) + CCI F•

hr > CCl •(g) + F•(g )


45. Wh ich of the foll owi ng plas tic
biod egra dabl e?
~~ re
:
3 .
1 Low dens ity poly ethe ne

J1t
(C) CC13 F(g) hf ) Cl•( g) + CCl F•(g ) (A)
2
(B) Poly then e tere phth alate . 1

'l'i~t··· hr ) 3Cl• (g) + CF• (g) (C) Po1y (3 - hydr oxyb utan o1c ac dO

-·I
_j ·. 43.
(D) CC13F(g)

A bala nced equa tion for the prod ucti


from ozo ne is
on of
(D) Poly viny lchl orid e I
i

oxy gen

(A) 0 1(g) + Cl·(g)---.. O(g ) + CIO , •(g)


_j (B) O~(g) + Cl•(g)---.. CIO •(g) + 0 7 (g)
(C) O~(g) + CI-( g) ~ O(g ) + ClO.,:(g)
(D) O~(g) + CI-(g)---.. O.,(g) + CJO -(g)

END OF TES T

TE ~ ~.
CH EC K YO Uil WO RK ON TH IS

.......'il.....~: .•• ;s ...:,J;..• ,;.,;,D2::u~


n1 ntr " nu " l n l "l
wh
coDE 02212010
F'OR.NN TP 2O17L7L MAY/JUNE 2017
CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COU,NCIL
CARIBBE,AN ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION@
CHEMTSTRY

UNIT2-Paper0l
1 ltour 30 minutes

12 JUNE 2017 (p.m.)

READ TIIE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

I' TIris test consists of 45 items. You will lrave I hour and 30 minutes to answer them.
2' In acldition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet
and a data booklet.
3' Ilach iterl in this test has foursuggested answers lettered (A), (B),
(c), (D). Read eaclr itern
yolr are about to answer and decide which choice is
best.
4' on your answer sheet, find the number which corresponds to your
itern and shade the space
Itaving tlte satrre letter as the answer you have chosen. Lool<
at the sample item below.
Sanrp!e_[19111

Which of the following energy transitions is


the I-IICHEST irr an organic cornpound?
SaUplC alswer
(A) n to o't
(B) o to o'1, @@o@
(c) lt to fi'r
(D) T to fi,r

lhe correct answer to this item is ,,o to 6{,,,, so (B) has been shadecl.

5' If yoLr want to cltange your answer, erase


it cornpletely before you
fill in your new choice.
6' whert you are told to begirr, turn the page and work
as quickry and as carefully as yo, can.
you cannot answer an item, go on to the next If
one. You inay return to tliat itern later.
7. You rrray do any rough worl< irr tltis booklet.
8. Figures are not necessarily drawn to scale.
9' Yotr ttray use a silent, non-progranrmable calculator
to answer items.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAG E UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD


TO DO SO.
Copyriglrt @ 2015 Caribbean Examinatiorrs Council
Effi All rights reserved.
-2

1 The volatility of organic compounds 4 In the reaction between ethene and brornine,
clel:ends on the stl'ength ofthe interrnolecular which ofthe following statements abouttlre
fbrces present. Which of the following reaction mechanisrn rrray be true?
compounds rvould be the MOST volatile?
A carbocation fornrs in the rate
(A) CH3CH'CIJ'OH deJermining step.
(B) CH"CH,CH,CH3 II A dative covalent bond forms
(c) ct-t3cH(ct-tr)cH, between the bromide ion and
(D) cH3cl-l'cH,cooFI ethene.
II I Fleterolytic fission of the brornine_
bromine bond occurs.
Items 2-3 refer to the following information
about hydrocarbon Z. (A) I only
(B) I and II only
I-lyclrocarbon Z has a relative molecular (c) II and III only
mass of 84. Wherr 0.1 g of Z was burnt (D) l, II and tll
in oxygen,0.3l6 g ol"carbon dioxide and
0.128 g of water were formed.
Item 5 refer.s to the following structural
2. -fhe
empirical formula of Z is fornrtrla of a compouncl.

(A) CI-I H
(B) CH, I Fr, fr,
H_C - c cHz cHcH3
(c) cl-I3
I I
(D) cl-l,ro H CH,

5 The correct IUPAC nanre for the compound


3. The rlolecular Irormula of Z is IS

(A) C6FI6 (A) 2, 2, 4-trimethyl pentane


(B) C6t-tro (B) 2, 2, 4-trinetlryl octane
(c) c6t-tP (c) 2, 4, 4-trimethyl pentane
(D) csFIsO (D) 2, 4, 4-trin'rethyl octane

6 Which ofthe followng reaction meclranisms


occurs between benzene and concentratecl
HNO3/H'SO.r?

(A) Electrophilic subsritution


(B) Nucleophilic substirution
(C) Electrophilic addition
(D) Nucleophilic addition
-3-

Itern 7 refers to the following incornplete 8. Diazonium salts are usefLrl in the synthesis
equation. of aromatic compounds. Which of the
following compounds carr be prepared fi'om
a diazonium salt?
Light
+ Br2 (g) ------>
(A) coot{
CH: CHCHS

7. Tlre product of the reaction above is


(B) NH,
Yz
(A)

N
CH = CHCH, (c) \
N
(B)
OH
H
I
(D)
H_C_ C_CH.
I

Br
t'
Br
9 Hydrogen cyanide can be added to ethanal
but rrot to ethene because
(c) Br
(A) etharral is more susceptible to
electrophilic attack than etlrene
= CHCH, (B) ethanal is more susceptible to fr.ee
radical attack than ethene
(c) ethanal is more susceptible to
Br.I
(D) nucleophilic attack than ethene
(D) the addition prodr-rct formed with
Br, ethene would be unstable
,/
:CH_C-H
\ Br

GO ON TO TIJE NEXT PAGE


rl?"1?nln/iA DI: ant? ',i,
4

Item l0 refers to tlie following table which shows the results of an investigation to analyse an
organic liqLrid, Z.

Test Observation Inference


I Solid Na,CO, was Rapid effervescence, gas CO, gas liberated
added to Z. evolved formed a white
precipitate with Ca(OH),
solution.

2. SOC[, is added to Z. White nristy furnes -OF[ group is present

10. The organic liquid Z is MOST likely

(A) an alcohol
(B) a carbonate
(C) an acyl cliloride
(D) a carboxylic acid

11 2-hydroxy-2-rnethylpropanoic acid can be formed fi'om propanone


in two steps, X and y, as
illustrated below.

cH3
C =@
Step X
cHs
f', C=N Step Y ?,, //
o

cHs
-c-I
----> "t,-f
OH OH OH

which of the following staterrents about these steps is/are


true?

l. StepX involves nLrcleophilic addition.


II. Aqueous potassiurn cyanide is the reagent in Step
X
ilr. Step Y involves hyclrolysis.

(A) I only
(B) I arid Il only
(c) II and III orrly
(D) I, II and lll
-5-

t2 Nylon 66 can be made by the condensation Itern 16 refers to the following diagrarn
polymerizatiorr of I-{,N(CH,)6NI{, and which represents a paper chromatogram
FIOOC(CHr)4COOH. The repeat unit is of food dyes obtained using water as the
solvent. A spot of a sample was originally
(A) -NH,(CH,)6NIlCO(CH2)4COOFI_ placed atZ. lt contained tlre components
(B) -Nr{(Crr,)}Frco(cFt,)4co_ X and Y.
(c) -NH,(CIl,)6NHCO(Ct{2)'COO_
(D) -OOC(CFI"),,CONIt(CH,)6-NI-t_

13 Which of the following statemerrts is NOT Solvent Front


tlue of addition polymerization?

(A) Only orre type of polymer


forrned.
is
ox
(B) The polyrner is readily hydrolysed
to the monomer.
(C) The molecular mass of the polyrner @Y
is a mLrltiple of the monomer
unit.
(D) The physical arrd chenrical
properties of the polymer are
different froni those ol'the
nl0nolnel.. Starting Point .,

l4 When butari-l-ol is dehydrated in a suitable


piece of appar.atus, the product is 16 Which o1- the following statements
(A)
regarding the components of X and y is
butane correct?
(B) butene
(C) bLrt-l-ene (A) X is more strongly adsor.bed by the
(D) but-2-ene
paper than I
and X has a larger
R, value than y.
(B) X is more strongly adsorbed by the
15 What woLrld be OBSERVED when
aqLreous bromine is added to the paper than y, and X tras a smaller
following
conrpound? R, value than y.
H
(c) Y is more strongly adsorbed by the
paper tlrarr X, and y has a larger
R, value than X.
(D) Y is more str-ongly aclsorbed by the
paper than X, and y has a smaller
(A) There is no visible reaction. Rrvalue than X.
(B) The color-rr of the brornine is
discharged and a white
precipitate is formed.
(c) The colour of the brornine is
discharged leaving a yellow
precipitate.
(D) Tlie colour of the bronrine is
discharged and a colourless
solr.rtiorr is fornred

nr
^n
6-

17 Species which absorb light in the UV-Vis 19. Treatment of a 10.00 g sarnple containing
rcgion have a chloride salt with excess silver nitrate
solution produced 8.08 g of silver chloride.
I. saturated bonds (Ag = I08, Cl : 35.5)
II. Lrnsaturated bonds
Itl. norr-bonded electron pairs Whiclr of the following expressiorrs can be
used to calculate the per.centage of chloride
(A) I only in the sample?
(B) I and II only
(C) II and III only 143.5 x 8.08
(D) l, II and III (A)
35.5 x I0.00
x 100

35.5 x 8.08
Item lS refers to the following information. (B) x 100
143.5 x 10.00

A student used graviuretric analysis to 35.5 x 10.00


determine the pel.centage by rnass of (c) x 100
143.5 x 8.08
calcium irr chall<. The student weighed 2 g
oi chall< and dissolved it irr I{Cl, tlren added 143.5 x 10.00
(D) x I00
excess ammonium oxalate to precipitate 35.5 x 8.08
the calciunt ions. The precipitate was
hltered, dried and weighed. percentage by
nrass was then calculated. It was founcl
however; tlrat the result obtain.d ;;rL;;;
20 Different regiorrs of tlie electromagnetic
spectrum have different energies. Which
than expected. of
the following equationsjustifies the
criteria
for dividing the electrornagnetic spectrum
IB Which o1'the follor.ving soLlrces ol. error into regiorrs according to wavelength?
coLrlcl possibly accoLrnt
for this differerrce?
If - freqLrency]
(A) Irrconrplete drying
(B) Error.in weighing (A) C=f}"
(C) Incomplete precipitatiorr (B) E=hf
(D) Otlrer ions precipitating frorl (C) E = mc2
so lLrtiolr
(D) E = hc/}"

2t Which of the following materials are


commonly used stationary phases in
chrornatogr.aphy?

(A) Cellulose, alLrmina, linre


(B) Silica gel, Iir:re, alumina
(C) Lime, silica gel, cellulose
(D) Alumina, cellulose, silica gel

/f r\ r\\t 'n/\ rr Yn r rFr,- ^


7-

22 The cornplex ion [FeSCN]2" lras a molar 25 Which of the following processes occur in
absorptivity (e) of 7.0 x 103 dm3 mol-r cm-r. a nlass spectrometer before isotopes can be
detected?
The concentratiou of its solution, wliich
gives an absorbance of 4.2when measured I. Acceleration
in a 2 crn cell, is II. Amplification
III. Deflection
t (A) 3 x 10i rnol dm'3
I

ll (B) 6 x 10r moldm-3 (A) I and II only


\,
(c) 3 x 10"'mol dm-3 (B) I and III only
(D) 6 x 10-4 mol dm-3 (c) il and III only
(D) I, II and III
23 Iu tlre infrared spectrum of an organic
compound, a strong band is observed at 26. Irr the mass spectrometer a rnolecular iorr
3000 crn-r. The MOST likely explanation
is formed from a compound by the
is that

(A)
(A) loss of a proton
radiation is absorbed and causes (B) gain of an elecrron
the C-H bonds to vibrate (C) loss of an electron
(13) protons absorb infrared radiation (D) fragmentation of tlre compound
at this frequency
(c) the compound is being decomposed
by the radiation )1 Wlrat transitions are expected fr.onr
(D) bonding e lectrons absorb racliation
C6l{sNO, in a UV-Vis spectrum?
and are excited to a higher level
(A) n -, r' and -> o'11

24 Which o{' the following regions of the


(B) n ----, o* and o -+ o* and n --* ft*
electronragnetie spectrunr
(C) fi --- rc' and rr --r zr- and n -* o*
B ESi matclres tlre (D) rL --) r' anct n ru' and o ---+ o"
wavelength rarlges of R and R?
e -r
Frequency (IIz)
28 Con'rpourrd X contains three components,
P, Q and R. Componelrt p is
needed as
starting rnaterial for the synthesis of
tl;
Pa R drug. Which of the foilowing rnethojs
a new

of chrornatography is MOST *itoUt.


PaR fo.
obtaining a pure sample of Cornponent pi
(A) UV IR radio (A) Column
(B) IR UV radio (B) Paper
(c) IR UV ' x-l'ays (c) Gas-liquid
(D) UV IR x-rays (D) Thin layer
1
rr

{'
-8-

,q Which of the following bonds would show 32 Which of the following factors is LEAST
the STRONGEST absorption in IR important in locating a cornpany where iron
spectroscopic analys is? is extracted frorn its ore?

(A) Carbon-hydrogen (A) Cheap energy resources


(B) Sulfur-hydrogen (B) Closeness to the market
(c) Nitrogen-hydrogen (c) Availability of transport
(D) Oxygen-hydrogen (D) Proximity to the raw materials

30 It takes 5 cm3 of 1.4 M NaOFI to neutralize 33 Fronr the reaction given below, a high
150 cm3 of FICI with an unkrrown pressure would give tlre best yield, but in
concentratiou. What was the original industry, a nroderate pressure is used.
concentration of tlie acid?
N,(g)+lH,(e) +2NH3G)
(A) 0.47 M
(B) 0.047 M Why is a moderate pressure used in industry
(c) 0.014 M rather tlian high pressure?
(D) 0.0014 M
(A) It is too expensive to produce high
pressule.
31 A sample of crude oil contains mainly (B) The reaction would be
In which crude oil fr.actiorr would
C8l-1r8. uncontrollably fast.
you expect to find this sample? (c) The reactiorr would be too slow to
generate adequate NHr.
(A) Bitumen only (D) It is easier to remove the NFI, from
(B) I(erosene and biturnen the reaction container.
(C) Naptha and gasoline
(D) Refirrery gas

Itenr 34 refers to the following test for pollutants on a sampte of water,

TEST OBSERVATION INFERENCE


FIC ag) was added to the water sample d drop A white ppt. fonned

34 what is the Mosr applopriate inference based on the above observation?

(A) Pb2* ions present


(B) PO,,3- ions present
(C) NOr- ions present .
(D) CN- ions present
-9-

35 What is the product of the following 39 In which layer of the atmosphere is


(r-rrrbalanced) eqr.ration ? ozone detrirnental to human health and
vegetation?
Al,O3.l-l,O (s) + I{,O (1) + Ot{- (aq) -*
(A) Mesospliere
(A) A1,I-t,O( I ) (B) Therqosphere
(c) Troposphere
(B) A1(oH),(s) (D) Stratosphere

(C) A1, (OH)u(s)


40 In one of the steps involved in the
(D) Al(oH)n-(aq) manufacture of sulfuric acid, sulfur dioxide
and oxygen are mixed to form sulfur
trioxide according to the following equation
Itern 36 refers to the manufacture of
chlorine by the electrolysis of brine using
the diaphragm cell.
zSO,(e) + Or(g) zSOr(c)

Which of the following options describes


36. The anode is made up of the effect of adding the catalyst V,O,
to the
mixture?
(A) steel
(B) graphite
(c) ltlatinum with a coating of asbestos
Equilibrium Reaction
(D) titanium with an inert coating of Yield Rate
lLrtheniurn(lV) oxide (A) Increases
(B) No Increases
(c) No chan No chan op
37 Chlorine is MOST widely used for
the (D) Increases
manl'acture of No change

(A) solvents and sodium clrloride


4t Chlorine can be producecl by the diaphragrn
(B) solvelrts and polyvinylchloride
(c) method and mercu.y ."il .t..trotyjs.
sodium chloride and poly_
Which of the following staternents
vinylch loride ii/are
(D) true regarding the diaphragrn
sodium cliloride and chloro_ cell rnetliod?
fl uorocart:ons
I It is less energy efficient.
II It is more enelgy efficient.
38 Which of the following rnethocls are III It is less harmfulto the environment.
usecl
in water pr.rrification?
(A) I only
(B) II only
I Distillarion
II Iriltration
(c) I and III only
III (D) II and III only
UV racliation

(A) I and ll only


(B) I and III only
(c) ll and lll only
(D) I, II and III

/an n\ r r^
-yrF
- l0 -

42 Chlorofluor.ocarbons (CFCs) with relatively high proportions of chlorine are potentially rnore
darnagipg to the ozone layer. Which of the following reactiotrs gives evidence of this? (RCt
lepresents a CFC.)

(A) Initiation step RCt (g)


- R'(g)
- Or(S) + Ct'(g)
+ Ct'(g)
(B) Propagation -* CtO'(g) + Or(B) -, Cl.O'(S) + O(g) --+ Ct'(g) + O,(g)
(C) Termination - Ct'(e) + CH.G)---+ HCI (g) + CH3
(D) Termination - CtO' l NOz -* CIONO,
-
43. Which of the following is NOT manufactured using anrmonia?

(A) ethanol
(B) explosives
(c) fertilizers
(D) livestock feed

44. Which of the following processes is NOT involved in the marrufacture of ethanol?

(A) Fermentation
(B) Aerobic oxidation of sugar
(C) Catalytic hydration of ethene
(D) Addition of biological catalysts (enzyrnes)

45. Thermal pollution results in

(A) increased fish population


(B) no change irr dissolved oxygen
(c) Iess dissolved oxygerr in water
(D) lnore dissolved oxygen in water

END OF TEST

XF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TBST.

.1.1t