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1 INTRODUCTION OF HBL
It is the prime Bank in country established in 1941 having a registered head office in
Karachi. It was nationalized in 1974, but recently on 26th February 2004 it has been
privatized by Government of Pakistan and is taken over by Aga Khan Fund for Economic
Development (AKFED). They acquired 51 percent of shares of HBL.
It is one of the largest Banks of Pakistan with 1439 branches and having total assets of
Rs. 434,931,930,000.

1.1.1Brief History of HBL


HBL at its present state has a long and rich history of deeds and sacrifices. All this has
been possible on the account of sustained efforts.
The first branch of HBL started functioning on 30th August, 1941 at Muhammad Ali
Road Bombay, where Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah first of all opened his
personal account. Mohammad Ali Habib was a man of stern and persistent will. God.
Almighty had bestowed him with extra ordinary capabilities. He was devoted to his Bank
with a view to take his share in the uplift of the strife-torn and devastated Muslim
community. At the time of its inception, the Bank's total paid up capital was Rs.2.5
million but it is evident from the following data that the Bank experienced a steep rise in
the business in a few years.
In 1942, on the desire of Quaid-e-Azam, Habib family migrated to Pakistan and later on
shifted the Bank's Head Office from Bombay to Karachi on 7th August, 1947 just one
week prior to independence, to play its pivotal role in the development of this newly born
country.
At the time of independence, the areas which now constitute Pakistan were producing
only agricultural products raw material for indo-Pak subcontinent. Partially no industries
were there to process the raw material, therefore the raw material was exported from
Pakistan. There were 19 non-Indian foreign Banks which were engaged in the export of
crops from Pakistan with only two Pakistani Banks i.e. HBL and the Australia Bank. The
circumstances were completely un-certain. The confidence of the people had been shaken
by the un-friendly environment and till the time peace had not been restored, people

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would naturally have been interested in other things. The nation was quite young with
extreme scarcity of resources and these definitely added to the difficulties of the govt., to
run its own Banking system immediately.
Following the announcement of the independence plan in June, 1947, the Hindus residing
in the territories now comprising Pakistan started transferring their assets to India and
vice versa. The Banks included those having their registered offices in Pakistan,
transferred them to India in order to bring a total collapse of the new state. It had been
decided that the Reserve Bank of India would continue to function in Pakistan so that the
problem of demand and time liabilities, coinage, currencies, exchange rate etc be settled
between India and Pakistan and the Indian Notes would continue to be legal tender in
Pakistan till 30th September, 1948. Again due to certain differences between Indian
Pakistan, the Indian Govt., withheld Pakistan's share of Rs.75 core in forward and
subscribed heavily to the Govt. of Pakistan to the tide over the crises, Payment was made
to the Govt., by the Bank at a very nominal rate of interest, even before the actual issue of
securities.
At a time when this newly born country was at whirlwind of crises, it was HBL which
fulfilled generously the financial needs of all its sectors, paid salaries to the employees of
all Govt. departments, helped in the establishment of State Bank of Pakistan which the
Quaid-e-Azam inaugurated on July 1st, 1948. HBL after partition opened its branches
throughout Pakistan to provide finance and other facilities to the business community. In
association with HBL, the Govt. sponsored Pakistan Finance Corporation Limited for
financing of cotton. The Bank helped handsomely in the construction of WARSAK DAM
PROJECT, WAPDA, & K.D.A. by provided finance and other facilities.
Another innovation introduced by HBL is the evening Banking cash long after the
crossing of normal Banking hours. It was also the first in making available such new
facilities as Gift Cheques, Rupee Traveler’s Cheques, Credit Card System, short term and
long term schemes for small businessmen.

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1.1.2 MISSION
To be recognized as the leading financial institution of Pakistan and a dynamic
international bank in the emerging markets, providing our customers with a premium set
of innovative products and services, and granting superior value to our stakeholders –
shareholders, customers and employees.
OR
Opening new horizons and fresh perspectives of trust, dependability and service through
1425 domestic branches and 112 overseas offices with a comprehensive range of
financial products.

1.1.3OBJECTIVES OF HBL
 Following are some of the main objectives of HBL.
 To earn profit for the Bank itself and for its shareholders.
 To promote and boost up business sector inside the country.
 To provide employment opportunities to people.
 To help in development and industrialization of the country.
 To provide loan and advances to help out in self employment schemes.

1.1.4SYMBOL OF HBL

Symbol depicts
Bismillah ============Islamic Culture and Values
Sword ============== Power
Lion================ As a symbol of strength

1.1.5CORE VALUES OF HBL

HBL is firmly grounded with a corporate philosophy that incorporates five solid values
which each individual associated with the bank abides by.

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1.1.5.1 Humility

HBL encourages a culture of mutual respect and treats both their team members and
customers with humility and care.

1.1.5.2 Integrity

For them, integrity means a synergic approach towards abiding their core values. United
with the force of shared values and integrity, they form a network of a well-integrated
team.

1.1.5.3 Meritocracy

At every level, from selection to advancement, they have designed a consistent system of
human resource practices, based on objective criteria throughout all the layers of the
organization. HBL is therefore, able to achieve a specific level of performance at every
layer of the organization.

1.1.5.4 Teamwork

Their team strives to become a cohesive and unified force, to offer the customer, a
service beyond his expectations. This force is derived from participative and collective
endeavors, a common set of goals and a spirit to share the glory and the strength to face
failures together.

1.1.5.5 Culture of Innovation

Their aim is to be proactively responsive to new ideas, and to respect and reward the
agents, leaders and creators of change

1.1.6CORPORATE BANKING

Only local bank with special focus on Corporate Banking with a presence in all major
locations through out the country, offering full range of Banking products / services and
one window interface through designated Relationship Managers. Our large equity base

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allows us to take longer per party exposures to meet the needs of the largest corporate &
our extensive local & foreign network allows us to imperiously service our clients.
Corporate manages well diversified portfolio, and include most of the top tier names of
the market. Corporate Banking offers tailor made products / solutions as required by
corporate customers which includes:

1.1.6.1 Key Features of Corporate Banking


Funded facilities, ranging from short to medium and long term lending
 Trade related financing.
 Foreign currency financing.
 All sorts of non-funded facilities / services which include Cash receipts /
payments, Remittances, Collections, guarantees, letter of credit etc..
 Customized products / solutions

2.1 Departments of HBL


There are few departments on which general or day to day banking of HBL composes.
There details are as under:
Deposit department
Clearing Departments
Inland Remittance Department
Bills Departments
Advances Departments
Cash department
CD Department
Foreign Exchange Department

2.1.1FUNCTIONS OF DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS OF


HBL

The basic functions of different departments HBL are as follows.

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 Accepting deposits
 Making Loans and advance.

2.1.1.1 Accepting Deposits


The primary function of HBL is to accept and receive surplus money from the people,
which they willingly deposit with the Bank. Like all other Banks, HBL also take
incitation to attract as much depositor’s as it can. They offer different deposit schemes to
its customers, which includes the following types. These schemes as follow.

2.1.1.1.1 Current Deposits


This type of account is often maintained by the business Current deposits are those deposits
on which Bank offers no interest but it allows the account holders to withdraw their
money at any time they want without giving any prior notice to the community, which
requires large sums of money very often for their business transaction.

2.1.1.1.2 Profit and loss sharing account (Saving)


Saving deposits or PLS are those accounts on which Bank offers a lower rate of interest.
After the Islamization of the Banking system in the country it has been given the name of
PLS saving account. The Bank undertakes to repay deposits on demand up to a certain
amount.

2.1.1.1.3 Fixed deposits


Fixed deposits are those which can be withdrawn only after the maturity period. In this
type of deposits the Bank allows high rates of interest depending on the time period of
deposits. The shorter the period of deposits, the less will be the interest and vice versa.

2.1.1.2 Making Loans and advances


The second most important function of HBL is to provide financing facility to its
customers. These loans and advances are usually made against document of title to
goods, marketable securities, and personal securities. HBL charges different interest rates

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on these loans and advances depending on the terms and conditions settled with the
customers. Following types of loans and advances are made available to the customers.

2.1.1.2.1 Demand Finances


Demand finances are those finances which are given to the borrowers for specified period
and can be called back without any prior notice. It is a single transaction finance. It can
be long term, medium term and short term. Mark up is also charge. Here the amount can
be withdrawn once at the time of disbursement.

2.1.1.2.2 Running Finance


HBL provides these finances against the security of current assets like shares, bond, cash
crops like cotton and other cashable commodities. The borrower’s account is opened with
the Bank with the amount of the total loan provided or allowed to the borrower. The
borrower is allowed to withdraw any amount from his account within the specified limit
and interest is charged only on the amount actually withdrawn.

2.1.1.2.3 Over Draft


This type of facility is usually given to very loyal clients. This allows them to withdraw
over and above the amount held by them in their account, and interest is charged only on
the amount, which is withdrawn in excess of the amount actually held in their account.

2.1.1.2.4 Discounting bills of exchange


Discounting bills of exchange can also be considered as a form of loan because it allows
the holder to get the bill encased before the maturity period. A bill of exchange is usually
issued by the importer of goods to the exporters, which allows them to be paid in their
own currency after three months time. If the exporter needs the money before the
maturity of the bill of exchange, he can get his money from the Bank by discounting the
bill of exchange. The Bank utilizes their surplus funds by discounting the bills of
exchange at their market worth i.e. Bank pay to the holders of the bill on amount equal to

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their face value after deducting interest at the current rate for the maturity period of the
bill.
our stated objective of being a premier emerging market Bank.

2.1.2PRODUCTS OFFERED BY HBL

2.1.2.1 Tele-printer service


Introduced in 1952, this system helped the Bank to improve its services.

2.1.2.2 Rupee Traveler’s Cheques


It was introduced in 1957. Here the customers are provided the facility of encashment of
their traveler’s cheques through any branch of the Bank.

2.1.2.3 Small Factory Owner Scheme


In 1959 the Bank offered loans to small scale producers under the “small factory owner
scheme” in order to boost the economy of Pakistan.

2.1.2.4 Foreign Tele printer Service


It was introduced in 1961. The idea behind this scheme was to provide quick and prompt
Banking services to customers in foreign countries.

2.1.2.5 Gift cheques schemes


It was launched in 1962. Under this scheme, the Bank provided customers with pre-
printed cheques of various denominations which could be used to send gifts to their loved
one on various occasions.

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2.1.2.6 School Banking
This scheme was introduced in 1962 to provide Banking services to children in a number
of schools though out the country.

2.1.2.7 “Drive in” Banking


HBL established “Drive in” branches in 1962 at various major cities of the country where
the customers could avail Banking services without getting down from their vehicles.

2.1.2.8 Mobile Banking


It was introduced in 1962. The feature of this scheme is to provide Banking services to
the customers residing in the rural areas.

2.1.2.9 Night safe scheme


In 1962 the Bank offered facility to their customers to deposit their valuables at night in
specified branches of the Bank.

2.1.2.10 Computer accounts


In 1962 the Bank introduced computer accounts through which most of the accounts in
head office were computerized

2.1.2.11 Computer Prize Bond

It was introduced in 1966. It is a scheme through which prize could be declared for prize
bond scheme.

2.1.2.12 Credit card scheme


It was introduced in 1966 through which customers could get certain sum of money from
specified branches. Many business organizations accepted payments through valid credit
cards.

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2.1.2.13 Infant Saving Scheme
In 1968 the Bank offered infants to open saving accounts operated by their parents/
guardians.

2.1.2.14 Courtesy Card


It was launched in 1968 through which the customer could be introduced to other
branches in the country.

2.1.2.15 Deposit growth certificate


This scheme was introduced in 1975 with increase rate of interest.

2.1.2.16 Special five years deposit certificate


This scheme was introduced in 1975 where the major emphasis is on increased rate of
interest.

2.1.2.17 Dollar traveler cheques


Introduced in 1976, the scheme was more helpful and safe for the travelers than carrying
foreign currency notes.

2.1.2.18 Haj accidental death scheme


Introduced in 1983, according to this insurance scheme, if a Haji who has submitted his
Haj application through HBL died while he was away for performing Haj, his family was
to be provided a certain sum of money.

2.1.2.19 Auto Cash Teller Machine


Auto cash machines are installed in 1988 at various branches which allows customers to
withdraw cash round the clock and on all days of the week.

2.1.2.20 Transport Finance Scheme


In 1989 the Bank in order to decrease unemployment in the country introduced owner,
driver taxi finance and scooter loans. According to this scheme they were provided loans
on soft terms.

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2.1.2.21 Gold card system
In 1991 HBL introduced the scheme with the features of offering card holders to get upto
Rs. 10,000 at a time.

2.1.2.22 Muhafiz Rupee Traveler Cheque


It was introduced in 1998. A cheques available in denomination of Rs. 10,000, 25,000,
50,000 and 100,000 with the advantage of 100% free purchase and encashment.

2.1.2.23 Distinct Properties Of Muhafiz


 It can be issued from more than 700 branches all over Pakistan.
 Muhafiz provides the facility of payment in all branches of HBL.
 There is no commission and fee charge for purchase of Muhafiz HBL keeps alive
the tradition of “Serve you better” charges nothing for the purchase and sale of
Muhafiz.

2.1.3INNOVATIVE PRODUCTS

2.1.3.1House Finance
HBL provides the facility of house finance:
Financing available for:
1. Purchase of house
2. Home improvement and renovation
3. Self Construction
2.1.3.1Some characteristics of House Finance of HBL Are:
 Lowest marl-Ups leading to affordable monthly installments
 5 years fixed Rates/ one year Floating Rate available.
 Lowest processing charges
 Financing tenures ranging from 3 to 20years.

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 Financing limits of up to Rs. 7.5 million (Rs. 3.0 million for Home
Improvement/Renovation)
 Quick Processing

2.1.3.2Auto Finance
Habib Bank Auto Finance, a lease product, designed to offer you an economical way
for owing the car of your choice.
 Some characteristics are:
 Lowest Down Payment
 Lowest monthly rentals
 Fixed repayment tenures of 36,48and 60 months.
 Lowest Processing charges
 Insurance premium rates as low as 3%
 World wide personal accidental insurance coverage of up to Rs. 200,000.
 All locally assembled new cars can be financed through this scheme.

2.1.3.4 HBL Flexi Loan:


HBL had introduced a unique loan system for the middle income serving people in
various public sectors. It is basically meant for those in service people who earn more
than Rs. 5,000 per month. This loan meets the petty requirements of the salaried class.
Since the introduction of this scheme Rs. 6 billion is advanced throughout the country.
The maximum limit of this loan is Rs. 3,000,000.

2.1.3.5 Life Style


Habib Bank Lifestyle is an economical financing scheme for Household Appliances and
consumer Electronics.
Salient features of HBL LIFESTYLES:
 Loans for salaried/ self Employed individuals or business persons
 Low Mark-ups leading to affordable monthly installments.
 Financing from Rs.10,000 to Rs.500,000

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 Fixed tenures of 6,12,18,24 and 36 months
 Low Processing charges
 Full credit Life Insurance
 Free Doorstep Delivery of items
 Available throughout Pakistan from over 330 designated Habib Bank Branches

2.1.3.6 HBL Rescue


(Balance Transfer Facility)
HBL provides the facility to transfer your personal loan and credit card liabilities, at the
lowest rates ever.

2.1.3.7 For Personal Loans


 Maximum loan up to Rs. 1,000,000
 Choice of 12,24,36,48 and 60 months for payback
 Lowest Mark- up
 Quick processing
 Full Credit Life insurance
 Available from over 400 designated branches throughout Pakistan

2.1.3.8 For Credit Card Payments


 Maximum loan up to Rs.1,000,000
 Lowest mark-up-compared to any credit card
 Choice of 12,24,36,48 and 60 months for payback
 Quick processing
 Full Credit Life insurance
 Available from over 400 designated branches throughout Pakistan

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2.1.3.9 Auto Cash (Debit/ ATM Card)
Habib BANK icard is used for dual purposes-a debit card and an ATM card and provides
u the direct access to cash in your account.

2.1.3.10 Habib Bank icard as your Debit Card


When payment is made at any merchant location using the card , exact purchase amount
is deducted from your account.
Convenient, secure, quick and easy payment option
Nationwide acceptability at various merchant locations displaying ORIX Network logo
Free of charge debit card transactions

2.1.3.11 HBL iCard as your ATM Card


Offer a number of facilities such as cash withdrawal, Funds transfer between accounts,
Balance Inquiry, Mini Statement, PIN Change etc.
Accepted at all 1LINK and MNET ATMs across the Country.

2.1.3.12 HBL Easy Access-


Online access to banking services at over two hundred branches in Pakistan

2.1.3.13 HBL Fast Transfer


A unique solution for overseas Pakistanis to send money back home in a swift and
convenient manner.

2.1.3.14 Haryali Agricultural Loans


It entails all kind of agricultural finance facility for the rural market.

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2.1.3.15 HBL E-Bank
It provides services via a dedicated communication link on the internet. The E-Banking
services provide “anytime, anywhere” banking to all 5 million customers. This service,
designed to be user friendly, assures secured access and confidentiality.

2.1.3.16 SWIFT
The bank is a major SWIFT user in 70 domestic branches & 21 overseas countries /
locations in the network. SWIFT services are being used for funds transfer, remittances
and trade related transactions, resulting in major improvement in payment processing
capability for enhanced customer service.

2.1.4AGENCY SERVICES TO THE CUSTOMERS


HBL also provides agency services to its customers. Some of which are as follow:

2.1.4.1Collection of cheques
HBL pays and collects cheques on behalf of their customers, and for this it receives
commission form their account holders.

2.1.4.2 Collection of dividends


The Bank provides a very useful service by acting as an agent for its customers. It
arranges the collection of dividends on shares and securities held by its customers. The
customer is simply to inform the issuer of the securities that the interest on the securities
is to be credited to his account in the Bank. Bank charges commission for the collection
of the dividends on behalf of account holders.

2.1.4.3 Purchase and sale of securities


HBL if authorized by the customers also makes purchase and sale of securities on the
behalf of its customers. Bank charges commission for the purchase or sale made by its on
behalf on the customers.

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2.1.4.4 Execution of standing instruction
HBL also executes the standing in case if it is ordered by the customers of the Bank to do
so. These instructions are usually given in writing to Bank. The Bank debits and credits
the accounts of its customer for the transactions carried out by the individual or firm.

2.1.4.5 Transfer of Funds


HBL, also transfers funds of the customers from one Bank to another Bank. If the transfer
is within one station, they don’t charge any commission and even if they charge, they
charge on reduced rates.

2.1.4.6 Acts as an agent


HBL also acts as an agent, correspondent or representative of its customers at home and
abroad.

2.1.4.7 General utility services


HBL also performs a number of generally utility services to its customers which are as
follows:

2.1.4.8 Foreign exchange Business


HBL transacts foreign exchange business by discounting foreign bills of exchange and
thus provides facilities for financing in foreign trade.

2.1.4.9 Acts as a referee


HBL provides useful services to its customers by acting as a referee for its credit
worthiness. The information is supplied in utmost secrecy and is based on financial
standing of the customers.
Acceptance of Bills of exchange
HBL also undertakes acceptance business connection with bills of exchange and thus
enables its customers to obtain the desired credit.

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2.1.4.10 Issuance of traveler’s cheques
HBL also issues traveler’s cheques. These cheques can be issued to anyone whether an
account holder or not and charges no commission on issuance of such cheques. HBL has
recently introduced Muhafiz rupee traveler cheques with enhanced features.

2.1.4.11 Collection of Utility Bill


Electricity, telephone and other such bills can also be deposited with HBL.

2.1.4.12 Locker Facility


HBL also provides locker facility to its customers where valuables of customers can be
kept.

2.1.5Operational Policy

The operational policies of HBL deal with the method of provision of better services to
its customer. Through the introduction of new schemes as means of satisfaction for their
customers, the operational policy of HBL can be divided into two spears.
Domestic operations.
International operations.

2.1.5.1 Domestic Operations


HBL is quite successfully operating its domestic business. Facilities at the door step
across the length and breadth of the country also in conformity with the government’s
socio-economic objectives. The number of operating domestic branches total 1350.

2.1.5.2 International Operations


HBL’s overseas branches are continuously rendering satisfactory services and are also
contributing to the channeling home remittances of Pakistan working abroad. HBL’s
international network comprises of 60 offices in 26 countries, operating in USA, Europe,
UK, Middle Ease, Asian Pacific Region and Africa. It is also the largest Banking in
financial services provider in Pakistan.

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HBL concentrates on markets and business they understood. Through a global network,
the Bank provide a comprehensive range of financial services, personal, commercial,
trade services, cash management, treasury/ capital market services, and private Banking.
HBL strives to provide high quality product through efficient delivery system and
excellent customer services. In this way, HBL will grow and achieve

2.1.6ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE
A well-developed and properly coordinate structure is an important requirement for the
success of any organization. It provides the basic framework within which functions and
procedures are performed. Any organization needs a structure, which provides a
framework for successful operations. The operation of an organization involves a number
of activities, which are related to decision making, and communication of these decisions.
These activities must be well coordinated so that the goals of the organization are
achieved successfully.

2.1.6.1 STRUCTURE OF HBL


At present the Bank operates through one central and 23 Regional Offices and 1439
branches, all over Pakistan. The president and Executives Committee look after the
affairs of the Bank. Each Regional Head Quarter is headed by a Chief Executive and
assisted by General Manager Operations and General Manager Support Services. The
Regional Head Quarter controls the branches in their area.

Overseas operations consist of 65 main branches, two affiliates, two representative


offices and two subsidiaries.
President, from Head Office at Karachi controls the officers of the Bank with the help of
the senior management. Functional responsibilities of the Banks are broken into seven
groups known as

1) International Operations Group


2) Corporate Banking and Treasury Investment Group
3) Retail Banking and Operation Group

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4) Finance, Audit and Administration Group
5) Assets Remedial Management Group
6) Credit Policy Group
7) Corporate Bank, Financial Institutions and Project Finance Group

In addition to the overall controlling authority, president also manages the International
Operations Group individually. While the Senior Executive Vice Presidents supervise
rest of the functional groups. Each Senior Executive Vice President is individually
responsible for the group which is assigned to him.
At the level of provinces there are Regional Head Quarters headed by Regional Chief
Executives (RCE). Each RCE is assisted by GM operations and GM Support Services.
Branches are also controlled by the RCEs. Circle Offices of the past times have been
removed to reduce Managerial Layers, which were working under the control of Zonal
Offices. This happened as a result of policy of beginning new changes in the
organizational structure.

2.1.6.2 Organizational Chart of HBL


A chart defines the line of authority in an organization and its departmentation. It is a sort
of visual presentation of the organizational structure. It specifies the duties and
responsibilities of the personnel of the organization. The Organizational chart of HBL is
given below.

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2.1.6.3 Organizational Chart

Chairman

President

Board of Directors

SEVP SEVP Finance, Audit &


International Operations Administration

SEVP Corporate Banking SEVP Asset Remedial


& Treasury Management

SEVP Retail Banking &


SEVP Credit Policy
Information Technology

SEVP Corporate Banking,


financial institute & Project
Finance

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2.1.7ANALYSIS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
The purpose of an organizational structure is to help in creating an environment for
human performance. It is then, a management tool and not an end in its own. Although
the structure must define the task to be done, the rules so established must also be
designed in the light of abilities and motivation of the human recourse available. By
analyzing the organizational structure of HBL presence of the following elements can be
found in its structure.

2.1.7.1 Centralized Decision Making

By looking at the organizational structure of HBL would be found that the structure at
HBL is a critical one. All the decisions are made at the top management level and the
subordinates have to obey these decisions. This trend in the decision making shows a
pattern of rigidity in structure of HBL.

2.1.7.2 Downward Communication

Communication is the process by which information is exchanged and understood by two


or more people, usually with the interest to motivate or influence the behavior of others in
the organization. Downward communication is the message and information sent from
top management to subordinates in a downward direction. Managers can communicate
downward to the employees through speeches, massages in company publications,
information leaflets, tucked into pay envelops material on bulletin boards, policy and
procedure mandates.

The same pattern is followed at HBL. No doubt it’s a very traditional approach but it can
create problems because it ignores the receiver of the communication because the issuer

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of policies and procedures does not ensure communication. In reality may the messages
communicated downward are not understood perfectly.

2.1.7.3 Chain of Command

The chain of command is an unbroken line of authority that links all persons in an
organization and shows who reports to whom. By analyzing the organizational structure
it can be found that there is a scalar principle followed with in the Bank because each and
every person knows to whom can one report. The authority and responsibility for
different tasks and duties are different, as well as every one knows the successive levels
of management all the way to the top.

2.1.7.4 Authority and Responsibility

The chain of command illustrates the authority structure of HBL. Authority is the formal
and legitimate right of the manger to make decisions, issues orders and allocates
resources to achieve organizational desired outcomes. By analyzing the chain of
command of HBL, one can come to the conclusion that, as there is scalar pattern
followed at the organizational setup of HBL therefore it is implied that everyone in his
position knows that what is one’s authority and what is the responsibility and the
authority it allocated.

2.1.7.5 Delegation
Delegation is the process, which managers use to transfer the authority and responsibility
to position below in the hierarchy. Most organizations today encourage managers to
delegate authority to the lowest possible level to provide maximum flexibility to meet
customer needs and adapts to the environment. But at HBL no such system prevails the
managers try to keep as much of the authority as they can and if some authority is
delegated it is sure that it will be misused

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3.1 PERSONAL EXPERIENCE DURING
INTERNSHIP
I started my internship at HBL liaqat road branch. Basically HBL hired internees for
marketing of its new product HBL Phone Banking. For this purposes HBL trained
internees and sent them in different branches of Islamabad and Rawalpindi region. First
few days I worked on HBL Phone Banking. HBL provides Phone banking for its account
holder. During my work I meet different type of account holders. Many interesting things
came to know about account holder. For instance, I meet one of the account holders, I
told about phone banking to him and after few minutes when I finished my words about
phone banking . The person said “Yeh mera bohat bhare account hay. Main nay es ke
information apnay ghar walon ko b nahin de the jab main hajj pay gia tha .aap ko es ke
information nahin doon ga” One person said I did not need phone banking. Another
person said I preferred manual banking than phone banking. I think there are two reasons
of hesitation of account holders from phone banking. First and important thing is that
employees of HBL are against this. They feel phone banking is burden on them. Second
thing is that most of

The account holders of HBL are illiterate. I also worked in different department of HBL.
The detail is as under

3.1.1Issuance of Cheque Books

I was given the assignment of issuing Cheque books. It is issued to those customers
whose accounts are operated by the concern bank. Cheque books in two different
categories are issued which are as fallows.

 Cheque book for Current account


 Cheque book for Profit & Loss Sharing Accounts (PLS).

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3.1.2Filling of an Account Opening form
Account opening is an agreement in which customer offers his funds and bank accepts
these funds, therefore the nature of relation between a banker and customer is of a
contractual one and all the conditions applicable to this contract act are also applicable.

3.1.3Remittance Department
Remittances are sums of money sent in payment for or against something. The remittance
department is mainly concerned with these payments. Remittances are divided into:

3.1.3.1 Inward remittances


Inward remittances refer to payment in favor of the banks account holders inward
remittance includes all Cheque received for collection.

3.1.3.2 Outward remittances


Outward remittances are all payments made to other people on behalf of the
account holders in the bank. Outward remittances can also be done for none account
holders who deposit cash in the bank and remittance tools are prepared for them. Among
the work done by the clearing department is receiving credit advises in favor of the banks
account holders and also debit advises against the account holder’s accounts. There are
various tools of remittances to the customers who want the facility of remittance.

3.1.4 Demand Draft


This draft is made for the customer. This mode of remittance is normally used for
payment to out of city beneficiaries. They are normally also drawn on banks near the
beneficiary’s residence.

3.1.5 Pay Order


Pay orders are mostly used when a customer wants to pay someone who is in the same
city as he uses and who prefers non cash payment for any service or goods that he/she
sold. This remittance facility is providing to the general public as a whole.

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3.1.6 Clearing
This is an extra ordinary banking facility which is provided to the public in this if they
are maintaining an account with the HBL they can lodge Cheque of any bank in Pakistan,
which will be collected and credited to their respective accounts through the process of
clearing. In this representatives of various banks are gathered at SBP and exchanges the
Cheque presented to them for debit of the respective accounts and in second round of
meeting provide each other the fate of those Cheques to be credited to respective
accounts.

When people present the Cheque of any other bank for clearing, first enter the Cheque
into the clearing register of the bank. Then this Cheque sent to the NIFT for clearing.
NIFT is the department which is created by the SBP for clearing the checks of different
banks.

3.1.7 Collection of Utility Bills


HBL-is providing this facility since long but recently it embark upon it with anew with a
new vigor and vitality and extended the range of its utility collections. In this connection
HBL nominated its all most all Branches all over the Pakistan to provide utility bill
collection facility up to 9:pm instead of normal working hours 5:pm. It also amended the
previous collection timings which were from 9: am- to 1: pm, now all branches collect
the utility bills up to 5: pm instead of 1: pm. This amounts to the un-matched and unique
services provided HBL. Its utility collection ratio is more than 34% of market, which is a
clear proof of its exclusive services in this respect.

3.1.8 Pensions Payment


Both types of pensions that is provincial and federal are paid to the thousands of
pensioners, this is also a unique feature of HBL

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3.1.9 Payment of Salaries
This is one the distinct features of HBL, that it provides services to the Govt. departments
to distribute their salaries every month. The prominent examples include ARMY,
RANGERS, POLICE, EDUCATION, and PUBLIC WORKS ETC.

3.1.10 Call Deposit and Payment Order


This is another mode of remittance facility being provided by HBL. When the bank
makes any private transaction locally it does not make the demand draft but it makes the
payment through payment order. When the bank makes any contract it make payment
through call deposits. Call deposit receipts are mainly used for payments concerning
application for tenders.

3.1.11 Deposits Section


In the deposit section the amount of rupees deposited are carried out in two ways. One is
that the customer wants to deposits the money in his/her account directly in monetary
terms, while the second way of depositing the money is through Cheque. In both the
cases I observed the following procedures.

3.1.12 Deposit through Cash

In this method a voucher is filled for the customers with the descriptions of Account
number, amount deposited title of the account and the name of the customer having that
account. The depositor put a signature on the voucher and the amount is paid to cashier
who stamped it and the voucher consisted of two parts, one is given to the customers and
the other part remains with the bank. In this type of deposit, the voucher is received by
writing the amount as BY CASH.

3.1.13 Deposit through a Cheque


In this case the same procedure is fallowed but in the voucher the Cheque number
through which the amount is deposited is written against writing BY CASH.

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4.1 SWOT ANALYSIS OF HBL
HBL is considered to be a very sound bank in the financial circles. The bank where the
customers can safely keep their money as long as they want.

In SWOT analysis the best strategies accomplish in organization’s mission by:


1. Exploiting opportunities and strengths.
2. Neutralizing its threats and
3. Avoiding its weaknesses.

Following is a list of SWOT of HBL

4.1.1Strengths
 A skill or capability that enables HBL to conceive and implement its strategies.
 The officers of HBL are considered as one of the most able professionals in the
banking world.
 I observed that HBL employees interact with their clients as if they are their
personal friends and discuss about their problems as their own.
 HBL has got a reliable and easy to use internal computer system. Every
information regarding the transactions in customers’ deposits has been
computerized.
 HBL maintained its data properly.
 HBL has very good security system.
 HBL is the larger commercial bank in Pakistan with the network of over 1439
domestic and international branches.
 Being the pioneer of banking in Pakistan, HBL is the oldest and is the richest in
experience.
 HBL focuses on consumer banking by lucrative schemes, products and services
suiting best to the wants and demands of the customers.

 HBL has opened all its branches at commercial areas so that the customers or
clients face no problems in reaching to the bank.

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 The band is always on the look to improve its services both to the domestic as
well as overseas customers.
 Human resources development and introduction of new technology towards
modern banking.
 24 hours cash access and safe payment products for high value transaction.
 Having potential to encounter the competitive environment in the market.
 Veteran and experience private management group also involved in other interests
like, textile and cement industry.
 Customer enjoys the services at the residential localities.

4.1.2Weaknesses
 Highest number of branches effecting the proper maintenance and difficulty in
providing same working environment at the each branch
 Poorer system of recovery of the system is a threat to bankruptcy.
 Lack of customer feed back.

 Low job satisfaction.


 Poor ATM’s Service

 Inconsistency in efficiency and working atmosphere due to the largest of


branches.
 Sense of insecurity in the employees serving at low profitable branches due to the
down sizing.
 Females feel uneasy in an environment among the male workers.
 Victim of political, legal and socio-cultural pressures
 .Lack of professionalism in the branch employees mostly.

4.1.3Opportunities
 Huge untapped market potential in consumer banking
 In opportunity exist, in form of opening of ladies banking section within the
branch which is entirely a new idea and it will attract customer.

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 Opportunity for developing value added services combined with corporate
banking relationships, cash management services to large and medium sized
corporate clients.
 Growing policies of government on business and commerce sector provide HBL
opportunities to take advantages of these policies to meet efficiently with the
business people to solve their problems with the instant cash and financing
facilities.
 Govt. is taking very bold steps to promote IT in Pakistan. HBL has an opportunity
to improve in technology.
 Large international network which principally focuses on trade finance with
Pakistan can be utilized to tap trade activities in other markets. In addition,
services such as cross border / offshore financing for corporate customers can be
enhanced.

 Customer feedback on different products and accounts has really improved the
bank performance and encourage the atmosphere for other future policies.
 HBL also has an opportunity to expand its new technological advancement like;
tele banking and internet banking facilities in order to serve the customer more
efficiently, specially
 E-banking facility is also a new opportunity which is a flourishing business in
foreign countries and can also be here, if HBL takes the initiatives.
 Further reduction in intermediation costs possible, with improving technology.
 Due to efficient and veteran management group, HBL can also improve Ill and
expand its foreign operation successfully.

 Habib Bank Limited provide opportunity to utilize its skills and efficiencies in
leasing business.

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4.1.4Threats
 An area in the environment that increases the difficulties the organization’s
achieving high performance.
 Consolidation in the banking sector resulting in increased competition.

 Shortage of trained and specialized staff at lower executive and officer levels
 The threat of inconsistency and government policy regarding to business and
economics sectors, specially political and regional situation which makes the
environment uncertain.
 Growing global technological advancement.
 Strict regulation by government over credit facilities to the customers as Ill as to
meet the prudential.
 Loss of confidence of overseas customers due to freezing of accounts.
 Facing more competition by foreign banks in the market.
 Foreign banks are flourishing in field of consumer financing.
 Also the increasing operation of private banks.
 Highly attractive and advance services by foreign banks to their customers.

5.1 CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATIONS


5.1.1CONCLUSION
HBL is clearly the first choice of every one who believe in qualitative approach of
banking an environment of highly responsible people. Bank is enjoying a healthy
market share and taste of good status in terms of its operative features and customer
support. HBL is clearly the best bank operating in Pakistan. Personal loan is a

Sdistinguished feature of HBL experiencing a good reputation and reasonable mark


up with respect to prevailing market mark up with assurance of satisfaction and
support. HBL has more customers as compare to other banks, if they given proper

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attention to every customer then in few years it will be the leading bank of the
country.

5.1.2RECOMMENDATIONS

 The management should try to decrease job insecurity among the employees.
 Training program should be started for internees and newly appointed employees.
 There should be transport facility for the employees.
 The number of employees should be increased in order to decrease the workload.
 The bank charges high service charges as compared to the other banks, so these
should be lowered down.
 Surveys must be conducted regarding customer satisfaction level and all
employees of this dept. should look forward to getting feedback whenever
possible.

 Adding of value added features that offer competitive advantage is also a


means of avoiding customer dissatisfaction.
 Quick response to customer queries is necessary to maintain a healthy relationship
with the customer.

 Proper training of customer handling should be given to employees.


Training workshops and coaching clinics should be considered as an option that
would provide adequate results.

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Sr.No Bank Name Web Address

Nationalized Commercial Banks


1 National Bank of Pakistan www.nbp.com.pk
2 Habib Bank Ltd. www.habibbankltd.com
3 First Women Bank Ltd.
Privatized Banks
1 Allied Bank of Pakistan Ltd. www.abl.com.pk
2 United Bank Ltd. www.ubl.com.pk
3 Muslim Commercial Bank Ltd. www.mcb.com.pk
Specialized Banks
1 Agricultural Development Bank (ADBP) www.paknet.com.pk/users/adbp
2 Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan (IDBP) www.idbp.com pk
3 Federal Bank for Co-operatives
4 Punjab Provincial Co-operative Bank Ltd. (PPCB)
5 SME Bank Limited

Private Scheduled Bank


1 Askari Commercial Bank Ltd. www.askaribank.com.pk
2 Bank Al-Falah Ltd.
3 Bank of Al-Habib Ltd
4 Bolan Bank Ltd.
5 Faysal Bank Ltd.
6 Meezan Bank Ltd.
7 Metropolitan Bank Ltd.
8 Platinum Commercial Bank Ltd.
9 Prime Commercial Bank Ltd. www.primebankpk.com
10 PICIC Commercial Bank Ltd.
11 Soneri Bank Ltd.
12 Saudi Pak Commercial Bank Ltd.
13 The Bank of Khyber
14 The Bank of Punjab www.punjabbank.com
15 Union Bank Ltd. www.unionbankpk.com

Provincial Banks (Now Scheduled Banks):

• The Bank of Khyber


• The Bank of Punjab

Investment Banks:

• Atlas Investment Bank Limited


• Asset Investment Bank Limited
• Al-Towfeeq Investment Bank Limited
• Cresent Investment Bank Limited
• Escorts Investment Bank Limited
• First International Investment Bank Limited
• Fidelity Investment Bank Limited
• Franklin Investment Bank Limited

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• Islamic Investment Bank Limited
• Jehangir Investment Bank Limited
• Orix Investment Bank (Pak) Limited
• Prudential Investment Bank Limited
• Security Investment Bank Limited
• Trust Investment Bank Limited

Venture Capital & Discount Houses:

• First Credit & Discount Corporation (Pvt.) Ltd.


• Prodential Discount and Guarantee House Limited
• National Discounting Services Limited.
• Speedway Fondmetal (Pak) Ltd.
• Pakistan Venture Capital Limited.
• Pak Emerging Venture Ltd. (Under Voluntary Liquidation Process)

Housing Finance Companies:

• International Housing Finance Limited.


• Asian Housing Finance Limited.(Formly LTV Housing Finance Limited)
• House Building Finance Corporation
• Citibank Housing Finance Co. Ltd. (Under Voluntary Winding Up Process)

Micro Finance Banks:

• Khushhali Bank

• The First Micro Finance Bank Ltd.


Countries where HBL is operating:
HBL also has a presence in 25 countries with subsidiaries in Hong Kong and the UK and affiliates in Nepal
and Nigeria. HBL s major areas of operations encompass product offerings and services in retail banking
and, recently, consumer banking as well. HBL has the largest corporate banking portfolio in the country with
a dynamic investment banking side. SME and agriculture lending programmes and banking services are
offered in both urban and rural centers.

HBL is expanding its presence in international markets such as the UK, UAE, South Asia and the Gulf where
a huge South Asian Diaspora is present. HBL has also reached in Africa and Central Asia through its
shareholdings in regional banks such as Diamond Trust Bank, Kenya and Kyrgyz Investment and Credit
Bank in Kyrgyz Republic.

Habib Bank also received three Global Finance Awards in Istanbul at the World Bank Annual Meetings
2009, namely Best Bank - Pakistan, Best Trade Finance Provider -Pakistan and Best Foreign Exchange
Provider - Pakistan. Along with these international recognitions HBL was also rated as the Top Banking
Brand in Pakistan by The Banker, the world s premier banking and finance magazine.

Overseas, it has operations in the following countries


Afganistan, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, China, France, Hong Kong, Iran,
Kenya, Lebanon, Maldives, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Turkey, UAE,
UK & USA and growing.

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