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Preliminary Aseismic Steel and Concrete Highrise Building Design

for SMRF and Dual System Structures

Nathan Madutujuh1, Iswandi Imran2, Muslinang Moestopo3

Abstract:
Design of a highrise building usually done using a 3D computer program. To find an optimum solution, structural
engineers usually use several cycles of time-consuming computer analysis on a complex 3D model. In this paper a simple
method to find preliminary size for column, wall, and beam sections for a dual system steel or concrete structure will be
formulated. The method is derived from shear building principles and latest building code requirements for aseismic
building design. This simple method can be done by hand calculation or by using a spreadsheet program and the result can
be refined by any 3D computer program later. This method can also be used by government institution to easily check or
justify design report submitted by engineers or consultant firms. It can be used also by architect and Quantity
Surveyor/Estimator to estimate structural components size of a new building.

Abstrak:
Perencanaan dari bangunan bertingkat tinggi biasanya dilakukan menggunakan program komputer 3D. Untuk
mendapatkan hasil yang optimal, perencana struktur biasanya mengulang beberapa kali analisis komputer pada suatu
model 3D yang rumit, yang sangat memakan waktu. Dalam tulisan ini, suatu metode untuk mencari ukuran awal dari
penampang kolom, dinding geser dan balok untuk bangunan baja atau beton dengan sistem ganda akan diformulasikan.
Metode ini diturunkan dari prinsip bangunan geser dan dari persyaratan bangunan terbaru untuk perencanaan gedung tahan
gempa. Metode sederhana ini dapat dilakukan secara perhitungan manual atau dengan menggunakan program spreadsheet
dan hasilnya kemudian dapat diperhalus dengan bantuan suatu program komputer 3D. Metode ini juga dapat digunakan
oleh institusi pemerintah untuk melakukan pemeriksan secara cepat atau untuk menjustifikasi laporan perencanaan yang
diserahkan oleh perencana struktur atau konsultan. Metode ini juga dapat digunakan oleh arsitek dan surveyor/estimator
untuk memperkirakan ukuran komponen dari suatu gedung.

Keywords:
Preliminary Highrise Building Design, Preliminary Column Sizing, Preliminary Beam Sizing, Earthquake Load Design,
Dual System Building, Steel Building, Concrete Building, Shear Building

1
Director of ESRC, E-mail: esrc.nathan@gmail.com
2
Lecturer, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung
3
Lecturer, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung

The procedure derived below can be formulated into a spreadsheet that can be used for preliminary design and estimation of section size. especially in seismic region. The effect of earthquake load for these components can be neglected. Estimation for load on floor slab q = LFDL * DL + RFLL * LL (kg/m2) (1) tp = slab thickness in m DL = tp x 2400 + qbk + qdl (2) qbk = beam + column weight LL = qll qdl = dead load qll = live load LFDL = load factor for dead load = 1.7 (area factor) 0.0 (gravity) RFLL = reduction factor for mass from live load = 0. 2. Muslinang Moestopo3 1. Design of slab and minor beam : Can be done using dead load and live load manually as usual. where we can use a reduced live load for any load that can move during earthquake. or can be used also by architects and engineers for quick and easy checking of building design result. Weight calculation for gravity load and earthquake load For preliminary design we need an estimation of building weight and building mass for earthquake load calculation. “Preliminary Aseismic Steel and Concrete Building Design for SMRF and Dual System Structures” by Nathan Madutujuh1. from the observation of computer analysis result for several regular buildings. Contribution from DL and LL for Weight and Mass Load Slab and Beam Column and Main Earthquake Factor Girder Mass LFDL 1 1 1+0.25 (mass) b.2*DL + 1.6*0.7*LL (Total distributed gravity load for a floor) (3) q2 = 1.2*LFDL*DL + 0. Table 1.25 Table 2. Iswandi Imran2.7 (gravity) and 0. Estimation for Beam and Column Weight Load Steel Concrete Unit qbk 150 300 Kg/m3 a. Introduction Design of a tall building due to lateral earthquake load currently usually done by the help of a computer program.2*Sds RFLL 1 0. Nevertheless.5*LL (Total distributed load for a floor for earthquake load) (4) qb1 = q1 x W1 (Total line gravity load for a beam) (5) qb2 = q2 x W1 (Total line load for a beam for earthquake load) (6) . c. Load Calculation for Main Girder : Girder span = L Influence width = W1 q1 = 1. it was found that there is pattern in shear force of column and shearwall that can be used for preliminary design of a portal frame or a dual system building.

Calculation of Earthquake Lateral Load a.12*NF 0.0731*Hn^0.10*NF 0.75 7 Where Ta1 and Ta2 are practical estimation. d.0724*Hn^0. .i = NFi * q * Aj (Total Axial Load at column/shearwall j.75 8 Frame Concrete 0.04*Hn 0.7*LL (Total distributed gravity load for a floor) (7) q2 = 1. Load Calculation for Column and Shearwall : q1 = 1.8 8 Braced Steel 0.0466*Hn^0. Estimation of Time Period Table 3.04*Hn 0.2*DL + 1.12*NF 0. and Ta is from a more accurate formula given by building code.2*LFDL*DL + 0.12*NF 0.03*Hn 0.5*LL (Total distributed load for a floor for earthquake load) (8) Pkj. Calculation of total weight for earthquake mass qe = LFDL * (tp x 2400 + qbk + qdl) + RFLL * qll (kg/m2) (10) Weq = NF * AF1 * qe (11) Where : NF = Number of foor Af1 = Area of 1 floor qe = Total distributed load for mass calculation LFDL = Load factor for dead load = 1.50 From Earthquake Map 2017 : Ss = S1 = Site Class : Soft (SE) / Medium (SD) / Soft Rock. Determine Earthquake Zone and Site Class Location = Importancy.25 / 1.04*Hn 0.25 Weq = Weight of building for calculation of lateral equivalent earthquake load 2. Rock (SC) b.0488*Hn^0. floor i) (9) Where : NFi = Number of floor above column or shearwall j on level i Aj = Tributary area of column or shearwall j on level i e.6*0.Hn^x R System value Steel Frame 0. Estimation of Time Period and Value of R Structural Ta1 Ta2 Ta = Ct. Ie = 1.0 / 1.0 RFLL = Reduction factor for live load for mass = 0.9 8 Frame Dual System 0.

To = 0.4 + 0. Development of Response Spectrum Curve 1. Parameter values for Ct and x c. Calculation of Design Spectral Acceleration Sds = (2/3) SMS (14) Sd1 = (2/3) SM1 (15) 4. using Table 4 and 5 from dari SNI-1726-2012 we can get values of Fa and Fv as follows: 2.6 * T/To) (16) To < T < Ts : Sa = Sds (17) T > Ts : Sa = Sd1/T. Derivation of Response Spectrum Curve T < To : Sa = Sds * (0. Determine amplification factors Fa and Fv From Site Class and Value of Ss and S1 above. Table 3b.2 (Sd1/Sds) (18) . Calculation fo SMS and SM1 SMS = Fa * Ss (12) SM1 = Fv * S1 (13) 3.

From calculated story force. Negative bending moment due to earthquake load This value will be calculated after column design moment found. Vx =  Fx (27) 3.5 (29) Where : Mke = column design moment due to earthquake load c. Moment due to gravity load Assumed main girders are acting as continuous beams. fc' = 250 kg/cm2 As = Mu /( fy 0.0 – 2. Using the design moment.5 : k = 2.5.0 Using above calculation we will get story lateral force for each floor level. Simplified beam design for fy = 3900.5 : k = 1.5 < T < 2. Story Lateral Force Fx using linear (triangular) and parabolic distribution Fx = Cvx * V (23) Cvx = wx * hxk / ( wi *hik) (24) Where : T <= 0.5 : k = linear interpolation between 1.0 (parabolic) 0.cm (31) . Ss can be reduced to 1.9 d) (30) As = Mu / (3159*d) cm2 for fy = 3900 kg/cm2 and Mu in kg. story shear for each level can be calculated as accumulated story force from top story until the target level. bending moment estimation due to gravity load is : Mbg = (1/10) * qb1 * L2 (28) This value can be increased by factor of 1.2 for positive moment redistribution at mid-span of beam. f. we can calculate required rebar using simplified method as explained below.5 sec OR NF <= 5. Calculation of Base Shear force V = (Cs* Ie / R) * Weq (22) Base Shear V can be increased by  = 1.0 (linear / triangular) (26) T >= 2.50 e. d. If delta factor is 0.5*S1 / (R/Ie) (21) Note: If Ta < 0.044*Sds*Ie >= 0.6 : Cs >= 0. design moment of main girder due to earthquake load can be estimated as : Mbe = 2*Mke / 1. Design of Main Girder a. Calculation of Cs Cs = Sds / (R/Ie) <= Sd1/(T*(R/Ie)) (19) Cs >= 0.01 (20) If S1 > 0.30 if required by building code / SNI-1726. b.

73/fc') (32) c2 = * c1 = 3510 (1-32.5 – 3.73/fc')*d (34) If fc' = 300 kg/cm2 → c1 = 3474. . After Beam rebar found. c2 = 3127 d.9h (33) As = Mu / (c2 * d) = Mu / (3510*(1-32.0%.3*fc1) or N/(0.35*fc1) (36) b = √Ac (37) Where: Ac = gross area of column section b = column size Column size will be selected that will give rebar ratio in the range of 1.85*fc')) = 3900 * (1 – 32.i = NFi * q*Aj (Total Axial Load at column/shearwall j. floor i) (39) c.0214*fy/(0.cap. Concrete Column Design a.cap can be calculated using fy* = 1. especially for inner column with equal span of left and right main girders. Column bending moment due to gravity load Design bending moment of a column is a combination of bending moment due to gravity load and earthquake load. Column Axial Force Column Axial Force can be calculated from tributary area of total floors above a certain column: q = 1.2*LFDL*DL + RFLL*LL (Total distributed gravity load for a floor) (38) Pkj. Beam moment capacity Mu. b.73/fc').25*fy Mu.beam = As * c2 * d (35) 4. From bending moment diagram given by computer analysis.5. we can see that column bending moment due to gravity load is much smaller than due to earthquake load.5 (2/3)0. d = 0. More accurate if fc' is also used as variables in the formula : c1 = fy * (1 – 0. Preliminary concrete column size Column size can be estimated using : Ac >= N/(0.

column moment diagram due to lateral earthquake load is : Fig.6 .5 Mid-height 0.7h (edge columns). it can be seen that zero moment point for typical columns are at 0. M=0) Level Inner Edge Columns Columns Bottom/Roof 0. while for bottom columns and top most columns. Column bending moment diagram due to gravity load d.5h and 0.6h (mid columns) and 0. Using this values.5 0. Coefficient ck (location of zero moment. Fig. 2. Column bending moment diagram due to earthquake load From above diagram.6 0. Table 6.6 0. 0. column moment then can be calculated as maximum arm multiplied by column shear force. 3.6h (at mid-height of building). Column bending moment due to earthquake load From computer analysis result.7 Typical 0.

f.05*Mke for inner columns (Mbki and Mbka will balance out each other) Main girder moment due to earthquake will be taken as : Mbe = Mke or Mbe = 2*Mke/1. 3.5-2. N > 0 → Use concentric column formula Point b : Balanced condition With targeted minimum colum rebar ratio = 1.25 > 0. Simplified Column Rebar design: Simplified Column Interaction Diagram can be derived by calculating only 3 points a.5 (42) Column design moment can be calculated from sum of Mke and Mkg : Mkj = Mke + Mkg (43) This moment will be compared with 1. Contribution of Story Shear to columns (rkv) Structural Column Shearwall Note System Only Column 1 0 No Shearwall only Column + > 0.d as follows: Point a : N=0. Small Wall not dominant Column + 0. Column shear force is calculated as : Vkj = rkv * Vx / Nk (40) where: Nk = Number of column at floor x Vkj can be increased by 1.25 < 0.0 dominant 2. Shearwall Code req'd taken = 1. Column bending moment due to lateral earthquake load 1.2-1.2*Mke for bottom level columns Mkg = 0.5*Mke for edge columns at typical floors Mkg = 0. Column design moment can be calculated as follows : Earthquake : Mke = Vkj * ck * hi (41) Gravity: Mkg = 0.3 for irregular building with large torsion.75 Minor wall.2 * Mcap.b.beam above and the greater value will be taken. M > 0 → Use beam formula above Point d : M=0.e. Story shear contribution resisted by Portal Frame : Table 7. .9 Shearwall.0% of concrete column gross area.

75 w-0. For point d.65*(0.85*fc'*ab*h) = 0.        For point a:   Mn = (As/4) * * fy*(2/3)*d (assumed 4 face column) (45) For point b.2873*fc'*(h-d')*h (48) Fig.3*(c/r) + 0. 4.65*(0. Simplified approach can be used also to derive simple formula for circular columns as follows: For concrete circular columns without bending moment (axial only.52*(h-d') (46)   Mn = 0.75 * w-(0. column rebar can be determined.5*(h-ab) + As*fy*(h/2-d') + As*fy *(d-h/2) (47)   Pb = 0.13 (52) .44*fc'*Ag + 0. balanced condition: ab = 0. Concentric column:   * Pn = 0.52*fy*As.08) (51) or for more simplified formula : k = 0.85*fc'*ab*h*0. usually found for top most column or soldier pile): Mnk = k As fyd r (49) Where : r= radius from center to rebar centroi R = outer radius of column r = R – cv – dbv – db/2 (50) k = 0. Simplified Column Interaction Diagram After the column interaction diagram found.

35*Fy*Sy Kapasitas geser balok baja : Vnb = 0. Required total area of shearwall can be estimated as follows: Ac >= N/(0.major = 0.99*Fy*Sx untuk Lb <= Lp 0. 5.min tw >= min (Lw/25. Hw and tw. Hw/25). Preliminary thickness of shearwall Because the length of shearwall is fixed. For concrete circular columns with bending and axial force: Fig.6 * Fy * Ag x 0.658P P = Fy*λ2/286000 λ = K*L/r Untuk kapasitas lentur balok baja dapat dihitung dengan cara sederhana sbb (LRFD): Mnb.63*Fy*Sx untuk Lb = Lr Mnb. only the thickness must be selected as follows: 1.2*fc1) = gross area of shearwall (55) tw = Ac/L = thickness of shearwall. tw >= 25cm for easy to cast (56) 2. LRFD) : Nnk = 0. Shearwall Design a. Shearwall thickness should be checked for Lw.minor = 1. Simplified Concrete Circular Column Section Capacity (5) Nnk = R2/2 (2Θ-sin2Θ) fcd (53) Mnk = (4/3) R3 sin3Θ fcd' + (2/Π)(R-c)As sinΘ fyd (54) Untuk kapasitas kolom baja dengan gaya aksial tekan saja (unit = ksi. Hw = max floor to floor height (57) .6*Fy*Aw Dimana : Lp = 300*ry/√Fy 5.

and will be taken as 1. then tw = 24 cm if Lw = 4m. Shearwall design moment will be calculated as follows: If there is no inflection point in shearwall (usual case) : Mwe = Vwj * hi (60) Mwg = can be neglected compared to moment from earthquae Shearwal design moment : Mwj = Mwe + Mwg (61) c. then rwv can be >= 0. tw should be equal or larger than Ldh+cv b.5-1. Aplikasi dengan Spreadsheet The simplified design procedure above can be easily implemented in a common spreadsheet program to be used easily and much faster. Selected thickness should allow for max edge rebar ratio <= 2-3%. vertical rebar of 0. so for simplified design shearwall axial force can be taken as zero and shearwall can be designed using simplified beam formula: As = Mu /( fy 0. 6.4√fc') (58) Ldh + cv = 29. 2. Practically. Shearwall design forces 1. Shearwall design forces can be calculated as : Vwj = rwv * Vx / Nw. If shearwall is dominant.2 cm 4. then tw = 32 cm 3.2-1. If there are main girders connected through the shearwall. In this condition.0 for practical reason. then tw = 36 cm if Lw = 8m.3 for irregular shape or torsion irregularity building. where Nw = number of shearwall at level x (59) rwv is taken as 0.3 cm + 4 cm = 33. tw can be calculated from point 1 and checked against other requirements. Vwj can be increased by factor of 1.9 d) = Mu / (3159*d) cm2 (62) Shearwall thickness should be selected to give edge rebar ratio of 1-3%. all columns must be able to resist 25% of story shear. Tw should satisfies requirement for hooked anchorage Ldh + cv as follows: Ldh = fy * db / (5.90. Simplified Shearwall design: Shearwall axial force is usually much smaller compared to its bending force.25-0. then tw = 16 cm if Hw = 9m.min = 100mm if Hw = 6m.5% and boundary rebar of 1-3%. . tw >= tw.0 depends on the stiffness ratio of shearwall to overall stiffness.

4 12568.84 2.18 1.7 7366.42 3197.1 3055.0 12.63 OK 1.84 2.67 33.95 4.20 644256.63 231910. Of Basement = 0 Ss = 1. Using this approach.33 70 35 3552.4 OK 15 192 300 3 2.5 1.42 3197.84 2.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 54 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.7 117.33 70 35 3552.4 12757.7 54.4 OK 1 192 400 3 2.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 30 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.23 2.047.67 33.69 0.35 #REF! #REF! 0.4 1.2 0.5 1.80 66.9 1 4 5.9 1 4 5.3 4 6.19 2.444.f1 = 9 columns Q partisi = 50 kg/m2 = Jenis Pondasi S1 = 0.4 #REF! #REF! 0.4 265.8 490.0 9.1 50 50 2500 1.20 40 40 1600 1.20 40 40 1600 1.9 1 4 5.2 1122. earthq = 0.70 849056.20 36.1 1 24. grav = 0.933.831.24 16 192 300 3 2.052.64 1.255.0 12.5 #REF! 17 192 250 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.20 251136.42 3197.386.75 Cfi = 0.059.23 2.1 #REF! 63 SUM = #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! A user can enter site specific information.9 1 43.30 317844.8 39.18 1.3*fc') ratio H/B B H Use B Use H Ag d tulangand sengkang cover clear cover Column Column Check MinCheck MaxCheck Max Ag Column Column Column Column Column e min Cek Cek (m2) kg/cm2 (m) (kg.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 33 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.9 1 54.8 56. Calculation of building weight and earthquake load ESRC Worksheet Preliminary Aseismic Building Design 02/06/2017 1 PARAMETERS Building Name = Hotel ABC I= 1 Lb = 8 m Qdl.7 2993.405.33 70 35 3552.665 7638.05 2.95 6.40 OK 18 192 250 3 1.674.98 66.366.41 OK 1.5 1.20 644256.037.18 1.18 1.7 1 56.84 2. col1 Mbg Mb Vb H balok B balok use H use B C1 C2 d tulangan d sengkang cover clear cover As perlu As pakai n tulangan rebar pct (m2) kg/cm2 (m) (kgm) (kgm) (kgm) (kg) (cm) (cm) (cm) (cm) (kg/cm2) (kg/cm2) cm cm cm cm (cm2) (cm2) (buah) (%) 20 192 300 3 1. a simplified preliminary design of a building can be done in a very short time using 1 page spreadsheet calculation.0 5.933.7 68.20 60 60 3600 1.39 1.4 11699.95 14.0 7366.27 1.84 2.8 7366.438.1 0.138.23 18 192 300 3 1.33 70 35 3552.5 1.3 3142.13 66.90 1.33 70 35 3552.6 0.9 1 4 5.04 2.0 49.68 OK 1.20 723456.84 2.4 OK 2 192 400 3 2.5 167.08 2.18 1.9 1 4 5.0 1 63.900.701.58 OK 1.18 1.5 1 56.18 1.5 #REF! 7 192 350 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.3 4 6.669.059.18 1.14 2.080 #REF! #REF! 0 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.9 1 4 5.95 6.9 1 4 5.95 6.62 2804.42 3197.30 1.0 1.4 12858.20 19. The spreadsheet program can automatically calculated earthquake load.3 2.25 #REF! #REF! 0.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 42 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.5 #REF! 16 192 250 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.84 2.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 36 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.18 1.40 1.9 1 4 5.5 388.2 0.695 12745.7 39.021.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 27 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.40 66.98 OK 1.6 3189.1 0.97 2.35 #REF! #REF! 0.11 0.4 9.67 33.3 3157.4 12718.0 2.95 12.20 40 40 1600 1.18 1.0 12.58 OK 1.316.30 541354.58 759398.73 66.9 60 60 3600 2.00 1.84 2.7 7366.0 2.2 1.2 7366.3 2394.25 #REF! #REF! 0.70 849056.84 2.67 33.33 70 35 3552.0 1.4 1 51.070.26 1 192 300 3 2.8 60 60 3600 2.67 33. Coef.05 0.28 2.67 33.57 1.25 3 192 300 3 2.0 62.907.6 OK 9 192 350 3 2.9 1 4 5.20 50 50 2500 1.4 13213.545.2 338.6 OK 8 192 350 3 2.62 2804.3 1.2 3179.029.7 2.2 7366.20 723456. story data and building layout information.1 1 58.026.59 66.32 66.5 1.5 #REF! 18 192 250 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.63 OK 1.20 50 50 2500 1.4 142.33 70 35 3552.27 1.900.67 33.433.95 6.8 40 40 1600 1.95 2.65 1.68 9933.63 231910.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 51 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.2 1.2 1.20 55 55 3025 1.933.25 #REF! #REF! 0.84 2.2 0.68 2.8 3093.1 43.4 12.3 4 6.5 #REF! 6 192 350 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.20 60 60 3600 1.4 OK 5 192 400 3 2.41 571555.35 #REF! #REF! 0.20 19.68 891238.693.18 OK 19 192 250 3 1.95 11.685.24 OK 1.beam = 150 kg/m2 Type = SMRF k= 1.5 #REF! 3 192 400 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.760.7 65 65 4225 2.32 1.7 2.993.42 3197.1 0.36 0.3 289.41 OK 1.7 51.25 7 192 300 3 2.933.68 OK 1.7 3214.89 1.4 OK 63 4 PERHITUNGAN BALOK FLR Area.9 1 4 5.42 3197.2 1.605 1831.95 6.047. For Vi.4 11.4-0.20 65 65 4225 1.2 0.6 216.42 3197.584. Frame = 1 Q plafond = 18 kg/m2 No.19 19 192 300 3 1.444.20 14.42 3197.20 43.03 66.9 1 4 5.4 #REF! #REF! 0.435.386.7 Q keramik = 15 kg/m2 No.5 1.20 215936.912.745.8 60 60 3600 2.95 15.85 OK 1.3 4 6.42 3197.95 6.2 363.09 60 Columns and beams will be design for rebar number and checked back for capacity design requirements.695 12745.65 0.54 1.45 2.0 7.84 2.2 0.68 OK 1.8 0. of Floors = 20 Cd = 0.42 3197.20 45 45 2025 1.84 2.m) 20 192 250 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.1 461.7 4.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 12 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.9 191.18 1.3 #REF! #REF! 0.5 1.129.67 33.9 1 4 5.0 1.3 7366.9 1 4 5.365.7 2.5 1 49.5 1.067.7 3.67 33.466.42 3197.401.0 9.67 33.4 12639.745.6 7366.58 OK 1.129.083.4 #REF! #REF! 0.3 30 30 900 1.0 314.255.95 5.0 1 52. flr fc' hi Mi.1 (EQ Chart) Llrf. Table 9.7 1 16.20 36.1 0.67 33.1 46.70 165326.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 57 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.30 #REF! #REF! 0.20 1.638.67 33.3 #REF! #REF! 0.4 3087.21 1.8 58.95 14.256.9 1 4 5.58 680198.33 70 35 3552.2 2924.18 1.810.7 55 55 3025 1.m) (kg) (kg) Vi.5 #REF! 9 192 350 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.0 3.79 0.326.642.366.576.68 891238.5 52.659.18 1.5 0 34.65 5669.25 2.33 70 35 3552.4 #REF! #REF! 0.Table 8.5 55 55 3025 1.20 55 55 3025 1.24 OK 1.4 #REF! #REF! 0.95 6.67 33.3 437.7 63.4 OK 14 192 300 3 2.2 1. flr fc' hi Mbe = Mi.0 7.33 70 35 3552.03 2.6 60 60 3600 2.4 60.5 1.68 891238.24 417360 OK 12 192 300 3 2.30 541354.0 65 65 4225 2.0 2.67 33.695 12745.3 35 35 1225 1. Of Tower = 1 omega = 2.84 2.20 60 60 3600 1. The result will be used to calculate column and design forces.grav W.130.85 OK 1.2 105 50 177.44 1.2 7366.5 #REF! 12 192 300 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.89 127889.95 6.95 6.1 7366.34 0.95 5.900.4 12380.4 12372.95 6.3 2. story lateral force and story shear.4 7366.08 66.32 1.4 12220.25 5 192 300 3 2.6 OK 7 192 350 3 2.33 70 35 3552.95 14.84 2.35 #REF! #REF! 0.67 33.33 70 35 3552.4 12798.05 66.20 35 35 1225 1.95 6.17 2.earthq W. total Vi.00 392400.4 OK 3 192 400 3 2.65 5669.25 6 192 300 3 2. .802.31 0.78 1.cum hi.5 #REF! 10 192 350 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.20 36.2 0.59 1524.4 OK 17 192 250 3 1.71 1.25 8 192 300 3 2.84 2.95 6.9 1 4 5.3 262.20 60 60 3600 1.20 215936.2 3095.18 1.41 OK 1. Frame Vi.3 3.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 6 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.233.1 0.524.24 417360 OK 11 192 300 3 2.3 24.33 70 35 3552.95 6.240.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 3 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.55 66.5 #REF! 13 192 300 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.5 #REF! 2 192 400 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.20 50.9 1 4 5.9 1 4 5.20 55 55 3025 1.35 #REF! #REF! 0.20 43.8 #REF! 19 192 250 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.69 0.63 OK 1.25 13 192 300 3 2.804.244.6 OK 10 192 350 3 2.25 9 192 300 3 2.6 1.2 0.2 93.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 18 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.6 3110.4 OK 4 192 400 3 2.30 541354.5 Ncol.9 1 4 5.3 1.20 66.05 66.0 590.4 65 65 4225 2.9 1 4 5.25 #REF! #REF! 0.84 2.4 12504.18 1.39 0.4 11972.847.0 9.00 392400.9 1 4 5.25 #REF! #REF! 0.7 5910.0 12.Partn Qdl.8 3303.669.68 9933.3 4 6.9 56.9 1 4 5.42 3197.7 7366.4 1 62.25 2 192 300 3 2.2 7366.23 0.485.25 #REF! #REF! 0.80 66.0 5.3 0.3 4 6.435.cum Wi*(hi^k) Fi.59 1433.18 1.41 505005.7 19.col Qdl.6 OK 13 192 300 3 2.2 16.95 16.30 474804.326.41 OK 1.beam Tebal Shw Qdl.405.5 1.4 12678.42 3197.8 412.20 65 65 4225 1.0 4.26 0 192 300 0 2.18 1.357.2 1.9 1 4 5.6 1 63.33 66.33 70 35 3552.01 139445.12 66.037.20 14.6 1 58.6 1.42 3197.9 1 4 5.4 9577.70 849056.2 0.42 3197.85 0.62 2804.4 12360.3 7366.33 70 35 3552.41 1.9 3159.5 1.tot Qll W.0 9.4 9.1 #REF! 0 192 400 3 0 0 0 250 150 0.526.25 11 192 300 3 2.84 1.3 4 6.7 240.33 70 35 3552.695 12745.745.128.1 0.84 0.583.20 65 65 4225 1.2 0.5 #REF! 4 192 400 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.8 1 60.20 30.58 759398.7 1 46.0 0.8 486. (m) (kg.4 OK 0 192 400 3 2.638.30 1. Column and Main Girder Design 3 PERHITUNGAN KOLOM Strong Column Weak Beam FLR Area.67 33.9 7366.5 1.4 OK 6 192 350 3 2.0 50 50 2500 1.572.67 33.5 1.4 OK 16 192 250 3 2.2 44.58 OK 1. total Coef.4 11.54 1.9 1 4 5.5 3126.191.191.638.5 7366.70 849056.41 571555.85 2.3 30.51 0.95 6.84 2.41 571555.20 24.745.8 1136 4491.87 0.67 33.frame (kg) (kg) Mom.9 1 4 5.42 3197.9 1 4 5.67 33.col1 Column ci Z = ci*hi Mi.9 1 4 5.slab Qslab Qsidl Qdl.665 7638.2 1 50.71 2.51 66.4 12748.20 13.58 680198.907.85 142037.9 3169.804.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 9 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.3 35.0 7.33 70 35 3552.95 14.2 3187.2 1.3 50.7 40 40 1600 1.9 1 4 5.2 105 0 748.m) Status cm Mn Pn Status 20 192 250 3 1.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 45 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.95 13.8 7366.1 1 39.5 1.9 65 65 4225 2.7 55 55 3025 1.20 55 55 3025 1.804.665 7638.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 39 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.84 2.25 4 192 300 3 2.19 2.4 12.545.20 36.5 1.855.5 #REF! 5 192 400 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.3 55 55 3025 1.5 1.9 1 4 5.95 13.5 #REF! 15 192 300 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.67 33.5 1.m) (kg) (cm2) (cm) (cm) (cm) (cm) (cm2) cm cm cm cm Rebar (cm2) %Rebar %Rebar Use B Use H (cm2) % rebar As (cm2) Pno (kg) Mno (kg.20 43.68 891238.0 7.64 30 30 900 1.33 70 35 3552.665 7638.5 #REF! 8 192 350 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.3 3.227.20 50.4 7366.9 1 35.33 70 35 3552.5 3090.66 66.68 9933.8 #REF! 1 192 400 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.25 Q mortar = 100 kg/m2 No.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 15 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.18 1.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 48 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.4 9.474.42 3197.6 58.95 14.1 45 45 2025 1.33 70 35 3552.84 2.78 129741.067.302.42 3197.18 1.0 2.67 66.68 9933.1 0.920.54 30 30 900 1.grav.25 at top floor Qll = 250 kg/m2 Function = Hotel R= 8 Llrf.9 1 4 5.col1 (m2) kg/cm2 (m) (cm) (kg/m2) (kg/m2) (kg/m2) (kg/m2) m (kg/m2) (kg/m2) (kg/m2) (kg/m2) (kg) (kg) (kg) (m) (kg.24 17 192 300 3 1.900.33 70 35 3552.3 #REF! #REF! 0.0 2.5 #REF! 11 192 300 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.18 1.42 3197.2 1.2 30 30 900 1.20 30.9 1 4 5.01 OK 1.25 12 192 300 3 2.638. flr fc' hi Tp.5 #REF! 14 192 300 3 12 288 133 250 150 0.20 50.3 4 6.98 177556.3 1 39.635 4070.461.9 63.21 2.659.1 3199.485.04 2.7 917.37 0.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 21 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.17 2.26 1.20 19.9 1 4 5.18 1.04 1.5 1 30.4 12350.17 66.5 Vbshr = #REF! kg Q sidl = 133 kg/m2 2 CALCULATION W/ shwal = 0.4 10.Shw Qdl.68 OK 1.7 3.5 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 60 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.3 40 40 1600 1.26 10 192 300 3 2.9 1 4 5.2 105 50 976 250 #REF! #REF! #REF! 24 #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.5 Coef.2 0.col1 Ac=N/(0.316.63 267110.248.79 0.67 33.5 7366.11 2.54 0.42 3197.col = 250 kg/m2 Location = Bandung To = 2 sec fy = 4000 kg/cm2 Qdl.85 338061.7 1.20 50.96 1.4 12442.42 3197.25 FLR Area.7 2.25 15 192 300 3 2.95 12. col1 Ni.20 43.95 6.9 1 4 5.95 13.4 12629.302.3 #REF! #REF! 0.95 6.20 65 65 4225 1.0 3.44 66.25 14 192 300 3 2.95 5.0 4.

A parametric design using this procedure can be done to find certain properties of a highrise building . Fine tuning of various parameters used in this simplified preliminary design can be done to different building types and layouts. 2. Recommendations 1.7. 3. 2. The simplified procedure can be used for parametric study of highrise buildings. The simplified procedure given can be done by hand calculation or implemented using a spreadsheet or simple computer program. b. or for quick checking of a building design result. To enable the use of spreadsheet. simplified formulas for concrete column and beam rebar design have been derived. Conclusions 1. From above discussion a practical and simplified method for preliminary design of a regular building in seismic area has been formulated. Conclusions and Recommendations a. 4.

Giuseppe Maddaloni. SNI-1726-2012 9. Jerod G. 2008 5. Structure Magazine. HIDA-JICA. Italy. 2013 4. Penerbit ITB. Johnson. Edward G. Bambang Budiono. Standard Perencanaan Gempa untuk Gedung.5. of Structural Engineering. REFERENCES 1. Carmine Galasso. Nawy. AISC. Pearson. 2016 8. 2017 2. SIMPLIFIED ASSESSMENT OF BENDING MOMENT CAPACITY FOR RC MEMBERS WITH CIRCULAR CROSS-SECTION. Perencanaan Dasar Struktur Beton Bertulang. Edoardo Cosenza. Ediansjah Zulkifli. Naples. Dept. Jakarta. Basic Design Values Charts. Simplified Methods in Reinforced Concrete Design. Software Manual. Iswandi Imran.2010 6. “Contoh Desain Bangunan Tahan Gempa”. SANSpro V. American Institute of Steel Construction. Engineer's Notebook. Penerbit ITB. 2017 . Reinforced Concrete: a Fundamental Approach. University of Naples Federico II.10 – Structural Analysis and Design System. 2011 7. Advance Steel Design Course. 2014 3. 3rd fib International Congress .