You are on page 1of 1

Scientific method - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.

org/wiki/Scientific_method

History
Overview
Process
DNA example
Other components

Scientific inquiry
Properties of scientific inquiry
Beliefs and biases

Elements of the scientific method


Characterizations
Hypothesis development
Predictions from the hypothesis
Experiments
Evaluation and improvement
Confirmation

Models of scientific inquiry


Classical model
Hypothetico-deductive model
Pragmatic model

Science of complex systems


Communication and community
Peer review evaluation
Documentation and replication
Dimensions of practice

Philosophy and sociology of science


Analytical philosophy
Post-modernism and science wars
Anthropology
Role of chance in discovery

Relationship with mathematics


Relationship with statistics
See also
Problems and issues
History, philosophy, sociology

Notes
References
Further reading
External links

History
Important debates in the history of science concern rationalism, especially as
advocated by René Descartes; inductivism and/or empiricism, as argued for by Francis Bacon, and rising to
particular prominence with Isaac Newton and his followers; and hypothetico-deductivism, which came to the fore
in the early 19th century.

2 of 33 12/12/2018, 12:21 AM