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Oversampling Sigma-Delta analog-to-digital conversion is a conversion method

developed in recent decades. Nowadays, this conversion is mainly used in the


audio ?eld. Compared with the general ADCs, Sigma-Delta converter does not directly
quantize every samples of input signals but quantize the di?erences between input
signals and the feedback loop. Figure 2.5 shows the structure of the Sigma-Delta
modulator.
Figure 2.5: Structure of the Sigma-Delta modulator. The sampling frequency of the
Sigma-Delta ADC is several times greater than the signal frequency. This kind of
ADC uses 1-bit quantizer to avoid the dif?culty about the manufacture of high-
precision resistors. Because of the modulation technology of Sigma-Delta and
digital decimation ?lter, it can get the high-resolution output signal. At the same
time, it is not sensitive to the amplitude variation of the samples, because of the
1-bit quantized output of the Sigma-Delta modulator. Actually this converter uses
high sampling frequency to take the place of high-bit quantization.
The main features of the over-sampling Sigma-Delta analog-to-digital conversion are
both high conversion resolution which can achieve more than 24 bits and the low
demand of the circuit components. And its disadvantage is that it has higher power
consumption than the integrating analog-digital converter and the successive
approximatio analog-to-digital converter. This Sigma-Delta converter will be
discussed speci?cally and be the main content of this thesis