You are on page 1of 36

# Numeracy sample questions

These questions can be used to familiarise yourself with the content of the test before you attempt
them under test conditions. There are three sets of mental arithmetic questions with answers and
two sets of other sample questions.

Mental arithmetic questions (set 1)

No. Question

1 Twenty percent of the pupils in a school with three hundred and fifteen pupils have free
school meals.

How many pupils is this?

2 The entrance fee for an exhibition is three pounds seventy five.

What will be the total entrance fee for a school party of 50 pupils?

3 In a year group of one hundred and eighty pupils, five percent achieved below level 3 in
English Key Stage 4.

How many pupils achieved level 3 or above?

4 A test had forty questions, each worth one mark. If the pass mark is sixty percent, what was
the minimum number of questions that must be answered correctly in order to pass the test?

5 One gallon is approximately four point five litres. About how many litres is two hundred
gallons?

6 Two-fifths of a class of twenty-five pupils were girls.

What percentage were boys?

7 A school had twelve hundred pupils on roll. In the first two weeks of term, ninety percent of
the pupils used the school library.

How many pupils did not use the school library in the first two weeks of term?

8 Three-eighths of a year group of three hundred and sixty pupils were boys.

How many of the group were girls?

9 In a class of twenty four pupils three eighths are involved in a school concert.

How many pupils are not involved in the school concert?

10 The science department in a school has an annual allowance of six hundred reams of paper.
Three hundred and ten reams are used by December and a further one hundred and sixty
reams by March.

How many reams are left?

11 It is possible to seat forty people in a row across the hall. How many rows are needed to
seat four hundred and thirty two people?

12 All 300 Year 11 pupils in a school took GCSE English. The number of pupils gaining grade C
or above increased from 85% in the mock exam to 93% in the actual exam.

How many more pupils gained grade C or above in the actual exam than in the mock exam?

Mental arithmetic questions (set 2)

No. Question

1 Using the relationship five miles equals eight kilometres, convert fifty six kilometres into
miles.

2 At a school concert, 80 programmes were sold costing 35 pence each.

How much money was raised by selling the programmes?

3 In a year group of two hundred and twenty pupils eighty percent achieved at least five
GCSEs at grade C or above.

How many pupils achieved fewer than five GCSEs at grade C or above?

4 A teacher plans to show a thirty five minute video, followed by a ten minute class discussion.
The lesson will finish at eleven thirty.

What is the latest time the teacher can start the video?

5 Eighty percent of pupils in a Year 6 class of twenty five reached level four in science.

How many pupils reached level four?

6 A supplier offered schools a five percent discount on all furniture purchased.

How much was saved on a furniture order of seven hundred pounds?

7 A pupil scored forty five marks out of a possible sixty in a class test.

What percentage score is this?

8 There are one hundred pupils in a year group. Each has to take home two notices. Each
notice costs three pence per copy.

9 What is six and a half percent as a decimal?

10 In a class of thirty five pupils, five out of seven pupils are boys.

How many girls are there in the class?

11 Three fifths of a class of thirty pupils are boys.

How many are girls?

12 A school has four hours and twenty minutes class contact time per day.

What is the weekly contact time?

Sample on-screen questions Sample on-screen question 1 Sample on-screen question 2 .

Sample on-screen question 3 Sample on-screen question 4 .

Sample on-screen question 5 Sample on-screen question 6 .

Sample on-screen question 7 Sample on-screen question 8 .

Sample on-screen question 9 Sample on-screen question 10 .

Twenty one on-screen questions Question 1 1 A Year 6 teacher compared the results of pupils in a class with national results at Key Stage 2. . National results (percentage) Level Absent Assessed by teacher 1 and below 2 3 4 5 Boys 3 3 3 2 30 41 18 Girls 2 3 3 2 32 43 15 All pupils 2 3 3 2 31 42 17 Class results (number of pupils) Absent Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Total Boys 2 1 7 7 3 20 Girls 0 0 5 7 3 15 Indicate all the true statements: 1 nationally 58% of girls achieved Level 4 or 5 2 2 /3 of the girls in the class achieved Level 4 and above 3 the percentage of boys absent nationally was greater than the percentage of the boys absent in the class Question 2 2 A science teacher compared the results of a theory component test and a practical component test given to 16 pupils at the end of a module.

indicate which of the following are true: a a quarter of the pupils achieved a result of at least 50% in both the practical and theory components b half of the pupils achieved a result of at least 50% in the practical component c the two pupils with the lowest marks in the practical component also had the lowest marks in the theory component Questions 3 and 4 A group of 10 pupils sat three equally weighted tests during the last term of their course.5 4 Which test had the largest range of pupil scores? Question 5 5 In preparation for a staff meeting. Teacher assessment level 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 1 1 2 2 1 Test 3 1 7 1 level 4 10 5 1 1 5 6 1 What percentage of pupils achieved a higher level in the test than in teacher assessment? Give your answer correct to one decimal place.0 c 57.Using the information given. . a teacher produced a two-way table showing the performance of pupils in end of Key Stage 2 science tests compared with the teacher’s assessments.6 d 60. Pupil A B C D E F G H I J Test 1 66 72 46 72 45 69 70 55 46 35 Test 2 52 60 18 46 22 18 30 46 18 30 Test 3 66 70 32 66 30 32 60 56 58 38 Total 184 202 96 184 97 119 160 167 122 103 3 What was the median score in Test 1? a 72 b 57.

5 m x 0. GCSE Geography GCSE A*-A B-C D-E F-G U-X Total grade A*-A 10 6 1 17 B-C 3 30 16 2 51 GCSE D-E 3 19 7 3 32 English language F-G U-X Total 13 39 36 9 3 100 .5 m. Not to scale The pupils built a path around two sides using square paving slabs each measuring 0. The proportions of the environmental area are shown below. The path was one slab wide. How many paving slabs were needed to make the path? Question 7 7 Tables were prepared to show the relationship between GCSE English language grades and GCSE geography and religious education grades.Question 6 6 A teacher helped a group of pupils to develop a rectangular environmental area in a school.

GCSE Religious education GCSE A*-A B-C D-E F-G U-X Total grade A*-A 6 5 11 B-C 5 11 1 17 GCSE D-E 12 14 1 1 28 English language F-G 1 1 2 4 U-X Total 11 29 16 3 1 60 Indicate all the true statements: 1 the grade A* .C pass rate for geography 2 of the pupils taking GCSE geography. The number of pupils who went into employment was 325 or 64%. Thirty two pupils had unknown destinations. more than achieved grade C and above in GCSE English language 3 of the pupils taking GCSE religious education. What percentage of pupils was this? Give your answer to 1 decimal place. 1/3 did not achieve grade C and above in GCSE religious education Question 8 8 A sixth form tutor analysed the destinations of 508 pupils leaving a sixth form. .C pass rate for GCSE religious education was exactly 10% higher than the grade A* .

Which score was submitted? a Assessment 1 b Assessment 2 c Assessment 3 d Assessment 4 . Percentage of pupils in Year 9 at each level Level: V 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total English 0 0 0 8 52 22 18 100% Mathematics 1 0 0 0 29 62 8 100% Science 1 0 0 4 55 37 3 100% (v = invalid completion of test paper) There were 120 pupils in Year 9. How many more pupils achieved Level 7 and above in mathematics than in English? Question 10 10 The following table shows a teacher’s assessment of four pieces of GCSE science practical work produced by one pupil. Planning Observation Analysis Evaluation Spelling. punctuation and grammar P O A E (SPAG) Assessment 1 6 6 4 2 2 Assessment 2 6 6 4 3 2 Assessment 3 6 5 5 3 3 Assessment 4 6 5 5 4 2 The total score for each assessment is obtained by using the formula: total score = 2 (P+O+A+E) +SPAG The pupil's highest score was then submitted to the examination board.Question 9 9 The table shows a school’s end of Key Stage 3 test results.

B and C.Question 11 11 A pupil achieved the following scores in Tests A. Number of Year 10 pupils in four subjects Geography History PE IT Boys 45 28 24 36 Girls 15 56 16 45 Indicate all the true statements: 1 the ratio of boys to girls in geography was 3:1 and in PE was 2:3 2 the ratio of boys to girls in geography was 1:3 and in history was 1:2 3 the ratio of boys to girls in history was 1:2 and in IT was 4:5 4 the ratio of boys to girls in PE was 3:2 and in geography was 3:1 . Question 12 12 As part of a study about the performance of boys. a school calculated the ratios of boys to girls taking GCSE optional subjects. Test A B C Actual mark 68 28 5 The pupil’s weighted score was calculated using the following formula: Weighted score ( A x 60) ( B x 30) + +C = 100 80 What was the pupil's weighted score? Give your answer to the nearest whole number.

.Year 6 27 27 £1........ 7% more achieved 5 or more grades A*-C than the national average for all pupils 3 more boys than girls in the school achieved 5 or more grades A*-G Answer. The following table shows the achievement of pupils in a school compared with the national results for GCSE......922 The increase in the school’s budget due to changes in pupil numbers in the same year group can be calculated using the following formula: Increase in school’s budget = (expected year group pupil numbers in 2003 – year group pupil numbers in 2002) x AWPU for year group What would be the increase in the school’s budget in 2003? Question 15 and 16 Questions 15 and 16 refer to the table below. GCSE results 5 or more grades 5 or more grades 1 or more grades A*-C A*-G A*-G Number of pupils Boys 62 120 122 achieving standard Girls 74 118 119 specified Total 136 238 241 Percentage School 55(56) 96(98) 98(99) achieving standard National 43(43) 88(88) 94(94) specified Note: Figures in brackets show the previous year’s results The number of pupils in Year 11 in this school were as follows: Boys 126 Girls 121 Total 247 15 Indicate all the true statements: 1 all pupils in the school achieved at least one GCSE grade A*-G 2 of the boys in the school. For the following year..C by 5 percentage points. How many pupils needed to achieve 5 or more grades A*-C in the following year for the school to meet its target? .... the school's target was to increase the percentage of pupils achieving 5 or more GCSE grades A*. 16 Year 10 contained 130 boys and 126 girls...

Question 17 17 A teacher organised revision classes for pupils achieving grade D and below in mock examinations and used the following table to assess which pupils might benefit from attending the classes. The results of the Key Stage 3 English tests were used. Grade Boys Girls Total A* 0 2 2 A 2 1 3 B 3 4 7 C 3 3 6 D 3 1 4 E 1 2 3 F 0 1 1 G 1 0 1 What fraction of the class was advised to attend the revision classes? a 2 /3 1 b /2 1 c /3 5 d /12 Question 18 18 A teacher compared the performances of two classes. Class A Level Below 4 4 5 6 7 Total Number of boys 2 4 7 3 1 17 Number of girls 0 2 7 4 2 15 Class B Level Below 4 4 5 6 7 Total Number of boys 0 3 8 3 2 16 Number of girls 1 3 7 6 2 19 .

7 1997 B 13.2 1999 13.0 1996 13.5 1998 13.5 1997 D 13.6 1998 21.9 1998 14.7 1998 17. teachers in School C compared the points scores of pupils in their school with the points scores of pupils at other local schools.6 1999 18.8 1996 13.0 1997 C 17.5 1999 14.4 1996 20.What fraction of Class A achieved Level 5 and above? Give your answer in its lowest terms.1 1996 18.1 1999 Indicate all the true statements: 1 School C had the second highest mean points score per pupil for each of the four years 2 School C had the largest range of mean points scores per pupil 3 School C was the only school to show a decline of mean points scores per pupil every year . School Mean GCE A/AS points score per pupil Year 18.5 1997 A 20. Question 19 19 To inform the school improvement plan.

Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Pupils out of 25 out of 30 out of 40 A 18 27 33 B 12 20 26 C 21 20 36 D 19 11 29 E 17 17 38 F 14 23 14 What is the difference in the mean percentage scores between Test 1 and Test 3? . a 3.3% c 4.9% Question 21 21 A teacher analysed the results in the table below for a group of Year 9 pupils in order to make an end of Key Stage assessment. What was the increase in the mean points score from 1998 to 1999 as a percentage of the mean points score for 1998? Give your answer to one decimal place.Question 20 20 As part of a review of pupils' performance.2% b 3.6% d 5. a group of teachers was provided with the bar chart below.

50 3 171 4 24 5 900 6 60% 7 120 8 225 9 15 10 130 11 11 12 24 Mental arithmetic questions (set 2) No.Answer key Mental arithmetic questions (set 1) No.065 10 10 11 12 12 21 hours 40 minutes . Answer 1 35 2 £28 3 44 4 10:45 5 20 6 £35 7 75% 8 £6 9 0. Answer 1 63 2 £187.

The number of pupils in Year 11.Mental arithmetic questions (set 3) No. The cost of each book.25 5 £40 6 12% 7 188 8 0.10 Sample on-screen question 1 What information do I need? The number of books present in stock. How can I work out the answer? Possible methods are: .35 9 1/3 10 £5 11 12 12 10 Answers and commentaries to sample on-screen questions 1 . Answer 1 3 2 1/5 3 45 minutes 4 13. The discount.

89 = £593.95 x 90 ÷ 100 (or 0.9. The answer is £1246. rather than working out 10% then subtracting it from the cost before discount. 379.9 x 0.92) Use the on-screen calculator to find the cost after discount £379.01 = £1246. Book B 140 – 80 = 60 60 x £4.95 = £55. For Book A: (140 .9 = 341.20 .44) x 3.28 + 256. 7 x 7.44 2.1.£65. It may be useful to jot down the costs for each book as you calculate them. £341.01 To find the total cost. If you use the calculator to work out the cost after discount.2 x 0.50 = £256.9 = 256.50 Book C 140 – 133 = 7 7 x £7.99 = £658.44 .9) = 341.stock) x cost x 90% (if 10 or more copies are ordered) = the amount paid. 10% discount is £65.65 (no discount as less than 10 copies ordered) Book D 140 – 30 = 110 110 x £5. C and D.10).95 = £379.5 + 55. 285 x 0. Answer Type your answer in the box.01 341. Repeat for Books B. The following shows the sequence of operations: 140 – 44 = 96.£37. add up the costs of the four titles. 110 x 5.2.5 140 – 133 = 7. Comments This question involves repeating a number of similar calculations. Once all are calculated.20 Then take off the 10% discount (£37. 96 x 3.99 = 658. add together for final total.28 + £256.75 = £285 10% discount is £28.65 140 – 30 = 110.90 You could work out this stage mentally by multiplying 110 by £6 (£660) and subtracting 110 x 1p (£1.28 Jot down the answer. 60 x 4. Look at the number of copies needed of Book A 140 – 44 = 96 Use the on-screen calculator to find the cost before discount 96 x £3.9 = 593.28 Follow the same procedure for Books B.95 = 55.44 Common Mistakes Subtracting a 10% discount from all the stock. For each book work out: (Total .00 .9.50 £285. Call up the on-screen calculator.28 140 – 80 = 60.95 = 379.65 + 593. C and D.89 £658.90 .65 + £593.01 = 1246.75 = 285. and any other stages you feel necessary.50 + £55.£28.92 = £341. it may be helpful to simply multiply the cost before discount by 0. 658.

If you change your mind. . This means that all pupils who achieved at least 3 marks more in Test 2 than in Test 1 scored at least 5 percentage points more. E.Sample on-screen question 2 What information do I need? The pupils marks in each of the tests. click on the letters of Pupils B. Look at each pupil’s results in turn and click on any which have a mark for Test 2 which is 3 or more marks higher than Test 1. Common mistakes Taking the difference in the actual marks to get the answer. remove one target before clicking on the next pupil. E. The maximum marks available for each test (60) How can I work out the answer? One possible method is: First work out the value of 5 percentage points on a score of 60 and then compare the numbers. The pupils who achieved 3 marks (5 percentage points) or more higher in Test 2 than in Test 1 are B. This method would take a long time and increases the chances of making mistakes. Answer Using the mouse. H and J. 5% of 60 is 5/100 x 60 = 1/20 x 60 = 3. H and J in the table. rather than the other way round. Comment This question can be answered by working out the percentage mark for each of the pupils and tests before comparing. Including pupils whose marks were 3 marks higher in Test 1 than in Test 2.

9 = 1. Statement 2 During the 4 year period 1999 and in 2002 the increase in percentage points is: 75.73. This is more than 1.9 to 73.2 to 75.7.Sample on-screen question 3 What information do I need? The relevant parts of the table to obtain data to answer each statement.4 .5 ÷ 3 = 0.4%.73. Statement 2 The percentage of boys nationally who achieved Level 2 and above in each of the years 1999 and in 2002. How can I work out the answer? One possible method is: Statement 1 The national percentage of boys achieving Level 2 and above in 1999 is 73.7 to 75. which are: Statement 1 The national percentage of boys achieving Level 2 and above in 1999 and in 2002 nationally.9 = 1.5.5 The mean yearly percentage point increase during the 4 years can be achieved by taking this increase and dividing by 3.4%. The increase in percentage points is 75.2. From 73.5 . From 75.9% and in 2002 is 75.4 1. Statement 3 The LEA and national results for boys and girls for 2002. You need to divide by 3 (rather than 4) because there were three changes in results: From 73. Hence Statement 1 is FALSE.4 .

Hence Statement 2 is TRUE. Common mistakes Confusing a percentage point increase with a percentage increase. .8 = 2. The number of pupils in each of the five classes.4 . 87.6 Hence Statement 3 is TRUE. 78.6 for girls.75. Statement 3 The LEA data in 2002 compared with the national data is: for boys. Answer Using the mouse.84. Your answer should look like this: Indicate all the true statements: Sample on-screen question 4 What information do I need? The number of pupils with special educational needs in each of the five classes. click the boxes where the statements are true.0 . Calculating the mean by dividing the 4 years (1999 and in 2002) instead of the 3 yearly changes.4 = 2.

The answer is 1:6 Sample on-screen question 5 . 25:150 is 1:6 in its simplest form. The number of pupils in Class T is 31. The number of pupils in Class T with SEN is 7.How can I work out the answer? One possible method is: Look at the bar chart. Common mistakes Misreading information from the bar chart. The number of pupils in Class P is 30. The total number of pupils is 30 + 30 + 30 + 29 + 31 = 150. The ratio of pupils with SEN to all pupils is 25:150. The number of pupils in Class R with SEN is 7. The number of pupils in Class Q is 30. Answer Type your answer in the answer box provided. The number of pupils in Class R is 30. The number of pupils in Class P with SEN is 6. The total number of pupils with SEN is 6 + 2 + 7 + 3 + 7 = 25. The number of pupils in Class S with SEN is 3 . The number of pupils in Class S is 29. Not reducing the ratio to its simplest form. The number of pupils in Class Q with SEN is 2.

School I (24%. School H (28%. 30%) does not achieve a 10 or more percentage points increase.What information do I need? The two schools which have results for 2002 which are more than 10 percentage points higher than in 1999. How can I work out the answer? One possible method is: Look at the horizontal axis (1999 results) for 0-10% School N (9%. The two schools are B and E. for 11-20% School K (15%. 27%) does not achieve a 10 or more percentage points increase. 17%) does not achieve a 10 or more percentage points increase. 23%) does not achieve a 10 or more percentage points increase. School J (25%. 32%) does not achieve a 10 or more percentage points increase. School L (23%. 39%) does achieve a 10 or more percentage points increase. School E (28%. Common mistakes Subtracting the y axis (2002) value from the x axis (1999) value. Comments The question asks you to click on the positions of the two schools whose percentage of pupils . for 21-30% School M (21%. 15%) does not achieve a 10 or more percentage points increase. School B (27%. 28%) does not achieve a 10 or more percentage points increase. 46%) does achieve a 10 or more percentage points increase.

meet the criterion. It is then not essential to look at other schools. it does not meet the criterion. Answer Using the mouse. There is a quick way of checking to see if a school meets the criterion. locate C’s position on the horizontal axis. Then ask yourself the question: is it more than 44 on the vertical axis? If the answer is no. click the points for Schools B and E on the scattergraph. If you change your mind. remove one target before clicking on the next school. You should find it is 34. Add 10 to this value. Once you have found two such schools and checked they meet the criterion you have answered the question. . For example.

1 . How can I work out the answer? One possible method is: 21 The proportion of Business course pupils for 2001 is 114 21 Written as a percentage this is x 100 = 18. Comments The question is only concerned with the two bars for Business course pupils.4 = 3. Dividing by the wrong totals.Sample on-screen question 6 What information do I need? The number of pupils on the Business course in 2001 and 2002.4% 114 29 The proportion of Business course pupils for 2002 is 131 29 Written as a percentage this is x 100 = 22.18. .7 Common mistakes Not expressing answers correct to one decimal place.1% 131 So the percentage points increase is 22. The total number of pupils in 2001 and 2002. Check carefully the heights of the bars against the vertical scale.