You are on page 1of 10


TOPIC:- Which operating to: used in Nokia Mobile
Phones and how it works?Pushkarana

By: Summit Sakhre

Reg_id: 10803929




1. What is operating system

2. When it was first implemented in

mobile phones

3. Different operating system of

mobile phones

4. About nokia phones

5. Operating system of nokia phones

6. Features of Symbian

7. Other operating system qualities

8. How it works

9. Benefits of Symbian

10. Conclusion

11. Result

12. Bibliography
Today's mobile devices are multi-functional
devices capable of hosting a broad range of
applications for both business and consumer use.
PDAs and the ever-growing category of smart
phones allow people to access the Internet for e-
mail, instant messaging, text messaging and Web
browsing, as well as work documents, contact
lists and more. Mobile devices are often seen as
an extension to your own PC. Work done on the
road or away from the office can be
synchronized with your PC to reflect changes
and new information.


The increasing importance of mobile devices

has triggered intense competition among
technology giants, like Google, Microsoft,
Apple, and Nokia in a bid to capture the
bigger market share pre-
emptively. Palm, Research In
Motion and Ericsson are also significant
firms in the mobile platform sector. In
November 2007, Google formed a Linux-
based open source alliance to make inroads
into this mobile platform market, raising
consumer awareness of the growing mobile
platform frenzy.
Market description

Mobile platforms are in the nascent stage,

and any projection regarding the market
growth is hard to make at the present time. It
is noteworthy that Intel is taking the
initiative to focus on portable devices other
than mobile phones. They are Mobile companies in the relatively small but highly
Internet Devices (MID) and Ultra-Mobile visible North American market.[5] This
PC (UMPC). Meantime, Palm abandoned its matches the success of its largest
plan to develop Foleo, which was to be a shareholder and customer, Nokia, in all
companion device for a smartphone. markets except Japan. In Japan Symbian is
strong due to a relationship with NTT
Operating systems that can be found
DoCoMo, with only one of the 44 Symbian
on smartphones like
handsets released in Japan coming from
 Nokia's Symbian OS,
 Apple's iOS, It has been used by many major handset
 RIM'sBlackBerry OS, manufacturers, including
BenQ, Fujitsu, LG, Mitsubishi, Motorola, No
 Microsoft's Windows Phone OS,
kia, Samsung, Sharp, andSony Ericsson.
 Linux, Current Symbian-based devices are being
 Palm WebOS, made by by Fujitsu, Nokia, Samsung,Sharp,
and Sony Ericsson.
 Google's Android,Samsung's
Prior to 2009 Symbian supported multiple
 Nokia's Maemo. user interfaces, i.e. UIQfrom UIQ
 Android, Technologies, S60 from Nokia, and MOAP
 Bada,
This OS is focused on easy operation and
 WebOS was originally designed for business.
The most common operating systems (OS) Recently it has seen a surge in third-party
used in smartphones by Q2 2009 sales are: applications and has been improved to offer
full multimedia support.



Mobile Operating Systems

The Symbian OS and its successor Symbian
platform from the Symbian Foundation Like a computer operating system, a mobile
operating system is the software platform on
Symbian has the largest share in most top of which other programs run. When you
markets worldwide, but lags behind other purchase a mobile device, the manufacturer
will have chosen the operating system for
that specific device. The operating system is redevelopment. MXI allows for
responsible for determining the functions interoperability between various platforms,
and features available on your device, such networks, software and hardware
as thumbwheel, keyboards, WAP, components.
synchronization with applications, e-mail, ABOUT SYMBIAN OPERATING
text messaging and more. The mobile SYSTEM
operating system will also determine which
third-party applications can be used on your  Symbian OS is one of Nokia's mobile
device. Some of the more common and well- operating systems for mobile devices
known Mobile operating systems include the and smartphones, with associated
following: libraries, user interface, frameworks
and reference implementations of
Symbian OS: common tools.
 originally developed by Symbian
Symbian OS has become a standard Ltd.
operating system for smartphones, and is  It is a descendant of Psion's EPOC
licensed by more than 85 percent of the and runs exclusively on ARM
world's handset manufacturers. The Symbian processors.
OS is designed for the specific requirements
of 2.5G and 3G mobile phones. In 2008, the former Symbian Software
Limited was acquired by Nokia and a new
Windows Mobile: independent non-profit organization called
the Symbian Foundation was established.
The Windows Mobile platform is available
on a variety of devices from a variety of The platform has been designated as the
wireless operators. You will find Windows successor to Symbian OS, following the
Mobile software on Dell, HP, Motorola, official launch of the Symbian Foundation in
Palm and i-mate products. Windows Mobile April 2009. The Symbian platform was
powered devices are available on GSM or officially made available as open source
CDMA networks. code in February 2010.

Mobile Linux:

The first company to launch phones with

Linux as its OS was Motorola in 2003. Linux
is seen as a suitable option for higher-end
phones with powerful processors and larger
amounts of memory.


MXI is a universal mobile operating system

that allows existing full-fledged desktop and
mobile applications written for Windows,
Linux, Java, and Palm are enabled
immediately on mobile devices without any
Symbian features pre-emptive multitasking executes both the user applications and the
and memory protection, like other operating signaling stack. This has allowed Symbian
systems (especially those created for use on EKA2 phones to become smaller, cheaper
desktop computers). EPOC's approach to and more power efficient than their
multitasking was inspired by VMS and is predecessors
based on asynchronous server-based events.

Symbian OS was created with three systems

design principles in mind:
The Symbian System Model contains the
following layers, from top to bottom:
• the integrity and security of user data
is paramount,
• UI Framework Layer
• user time must not be wasted, and
• Application Services Layer
• all resources are scarce.
o Java ME
• OS Services Layer
1. To best follow these principles,
o generic OS services
Symbian uses a microkernel, has a
o communications services
request-and-callback approach to
o multimedia and graphics
services, and maintains separation
between user interface and engine. services
o connectivity services
• Base Services Layer
• Kernel Services & Hardware
2. The OS is optimized for low-power Interface Layer
battery-based devices and for ROM-
based systems (e.g. features like XIP The Base Services Layer is the lowest level
and re-entrance in shared libraries). reachable by user-side operations; it includes
Applications, and the OS itself, the File Server and User Library, a Plug-In
follow an object-oriented design: Framework which manages all plug-ins,
Model-view-controller (MVC). Store, Central Repository, DBMS and
cryptographic services. It also includes the
Text Window Server and the Text Shell: the
two basic services from which a completely
functional port can be created without the
need for any higher layer services.
3. Later OS iterations diluted this
approach in response to market
demands, notably with the
introduction of a real-time kernel and
a platform security model in versions
8 and 9.

The Symbian kernel (EKA2) supports

sufficiently-fast real-time response to build a
single-core phone around it — that is, a
phone in which a single processor core
• Symbian has a microkernel entire Symbian platform under the OSI- and
architecture, which means that the FSF-approved Eclipse Public License (EPL).
minimum necessary is within the The release of the Symbian platform
kernel to maximize robustness, deprecated Symbian OS as a standalone
availability and responsiveness.
• It contains a scheduler, memory On 16 November 2006, the 100 millionth
management and device drivers, but smartphone running the OS was shipped. As
other services like networking, of 21 July 2009, more than 250 million
telephony and filesystem support are devices running Symbian OS had been
placed in the OS Services Layer or shipped.
the Base Services Layer.
• The Ericsson R380, in 2000, was the
first commercially available phone
based on Symbian OS. As with the
• Symbian includes a reference user- modern "FOMA" phones, this device
interface called "TechView". was closed, and the user could not
• It provides a basis for starting install new C++ applications. Unlike
customisation and is the environment those, however, the R380 could not
in which much Symbian test and even run Java applications, and for
example code runs. this reason, some have questioned
• It is very similar to the user interface whether it can properly be termed a
from the Psion Series 5 personal 'smartphone'.
organizer and is not used for any • The UIQ interface was used for
production phone user interface. PDAs such as Sony Ericsson P800,
P900, P1, W950 and the RIZR Z8
and RIZR Z10.
• Fujitsu, Mitsubishi, Sony Ericsson
There is a large networking and and Sharp developed phones for NTT
communication subsystem. DoCoMo in Japan, using an interface
developed specifically for DoCoMo's
There is also a large volume of user interface FOMA "Freedom of Mobile Access"
(UI) Code. Only the base classes and network brand. This UI platform is
substructure were contained in Symbian OS, called MOAP "Mobile Oriented
while most of the actual user interfaces were Applications Platform" and is based
maintained by third parties. on the UI from earlier Fujitsu FOMA
The Symbian Foundation was announced in
June 2008 and came into existence in 2009.
Its objective was to publish the source for the
Malware  to provide power, memory and input
& output resource management
specifically required in mobile

 to deliver an open platform that

complies with global
telecommunications and Internet
Symbian OS was subject to a variety of  to provide tools for developing
viruses, the best known of which is Cabir.
mobile software for business, media and
Usually these send themselves from phone to
phone by Bluetooth. So far, none have taken other applications
advantage of any flaws in Symbian OS –  to ensure the wide availability of
instead, they have all asked the user whether applications and accessories for different
they would like to install the software, with user requirements
somewhat prominent warnings that it can't be  to facilitate wireless connectivity
for a variety of networks About Symbian
Symbian OS work
Nokia has made Symbian OS its strategic
Symbian OS (operating system) is an choice for Smartphone operating systems.
operating system designed specifically for Nokia S60 Software, currently the most
mobile devices. It is being developed by widely used software platform in the
Symbian Ltd, a software licensing company Smartphone market worldwide, runs on
that supplies the operating system for many Symbian OS - as does the advanced Nokia
data-enabled mobile phones. Series 80 Communicator devices. The
Symbian OS-based Nokia Series 90 platform
As operating system software, Symbian OS delivers touch screen technology and an
provides the underlying routines and services advanced software development
for application software. For example, email environment for media-rich applications.
software that interacts with a user through a
mobile phone screen and downloads email
messages to the phone’s inbox over a mobile Symbian OS architecture
network or Wi-Fi access, is using the
communication protocols and file Symbian OS architecture is designed to meet
management routines provided by the a number of requirements. It must be
hardware independent so it can be used on a
Symbian OS.
variety of phone types, it must be extendable
Symbian OS technology has been designed so it can cope with future developments, and
it must be open to all to develop for.
with these key points in mind:
Architectural overview
in terms of interactions and behaviors as
Core- Symbian OS core is common to all the main Artifact
devices, i.e. kernel, _ le server, memory
management and device drivers. Above this  Object oriented design: Because
core, components can be added or removed Symbian has an object-oriented
depending on the product requirements.
System Layer _ the system layer provides design, it is easy to configure for
communication and computing services such different sorts of hardware, and being
as TCP/IP, IMAP4, SMS and database
management. Application engines _ above component-based, it allows
the Systems Layer sit the Application manufacturers to add or remove
engines, enabling software developers (be
they either employed by the phone components.
manufacturer or independent) to create user  Full multitasking: Symbian OS runs
interfaces to data." User Interface Software _
can be made or licensed by manufacturers each application as a separate process
(for example in the case of the Nokia Series _ allowing multiple applications to
60 platform)." Applications _ are slotted in
above the User Interface. run concurrently. For instance, if a
user is checking the calendar, and
Benefits of Symbian OS
receives a call, the system must allow
 Wide selection of applications the user to switch between
available for a range of mobile phones applications instantaneously. Equally,

 Implements industry standard should the phone call result in an

protocols, interfaces and management appointment the user must be able to

services for IT system integration check the calendar _ and still

 Application development using maintain the phone call. As phones

industry standard Java and C++ languages become more data enabled, this

 Extensive connectivity options - ability will become ever more

including GSM, GPRS, CDMA, WCDMA, important.

Wi-Fi and Bluetooth

 Event management: Symbian OS
was designed from the start to have event- In this era of modern technology we will see
that is very essential to move with the fast
based time sharing in a single thread. world with new and modernized operating
Rather than more conventional methods of systems of nokia. Smartphones are very
important like nokia e 72 , e71 etc .. which
having multi-threaded applications, are playing the vital role in day to day use of
Symbian OS enables the developer to think business and student study purpose helping
to services like 3g, gprs etc

2. Electronics and communication
by j b dixit