Bond Lab

C AP Chemistry

Taher Motiwalla 11/2/2010

the hairstyle is gone. 2nd. Part C . Procedures: Part A . If the compound does not melted after 2 minutes put ³no´ in the table. 4) In the chart provided record if each compound is solubility in ethanol. etc).Solubility in Water 1) Obtain six test tubes and add 25ml of water to each test tube. The solutions in a ³permanent´. 3) Stir the samples. break and reform covalent bonds.Melting Point 1) Obtain six watch glasses. and as soon as you wash your hair. Ionic bonds result when one or more electrons from one atom of group of atoms are transferred to another atom. 3) Clean the lab workspace. The curls and waves in your hair are the result of the many hydrogen.e. 1st. The physical properties of a substance such as melting point. however. Place a two-gram sample of the following compounds in a separate watch glass: y y y y y y Watch Glass #1 : 2g of Calcium Chloride Watch Glass #2 : 2g of Citric Acid Watch Glass #3 : 2g of Phenyl Salicylate Watch Glass #4 : 2g of Potassium Iodide Watch Glass #5 : 2g of Sodium Chloride Watch Glass #6 : 2g of Sucrose 1) Under each watch glass place a Bunsen burner. tests on these properties will be performed enabling the classification of compound bonds as ionic or covalent.ionic and covalent. . These chemical bonds are of two basic types .Solubility in Ethanol 1) Obtain six test tubes and add 25ml of ethanol to each test tube. 2) In the chart provided in the observations section. 5) Clean the lab workspace. In covalent compounds the bonded atoms share the electrons. solubility and conductivity tell us a lot about the type of bond in a compound. ionic and covalent bonds between the chains of atoms that make up each hair follicle. Part B . This is why a ³permanent´ does not wash out when you wash your hair. 2) Add a two-gram sample of each of the above compounds to each test tube. 2) Add a two-gram sample of each of the above compounds to each test tube. The changes are temporary. In this experiment. Styling hair by wetting it or heating it with a curling iron is an attempt to change the hydrogen and ionic bonds so that they will form a new shape.Introduction: Objective: To learn the properties of ionic and covalent bonds Chemical compounds are combinations of atoms held together by chemical bonds. record the order of melting (i. Positive and negative ions are created through this process.

3) Stir the samples. Observations: Record the data collected from this experiment in the following chart: Rank melting point from highest to lowest. 4) Clean the lab workspace. 3) Obtain six conductivity meters.08 µS Citric Acid Melting Point: 2nd Solubility (water): Insoluble Solubility (Ethanol): Soluble Conductivity: 0 µS Phenyl Salicylate Melting Point: 1st Solubility (water): Insoluble Solubility (Ethanol): Soluble Conductivity: 0 µS Potassium Iodide Melting Point: No Solubility (water): Soluble Solubility (Ethanol): Insoluble Conductivity: 118.´ Calcium Chloride Melting Point: No Solubility (water): Soluble Solubility (Ethanol): Insoluble Conductivity: 166. 2) Place a 10g sample of each of the above compounds in a separate beaker. 4) In the chart provided record if each compound is solubility in water.94 µS Sodium Chloride .´ Conductivity is recorded as ³yes´ or ³no. Solubility is recorded as ³soluble´ or ³insoluble. Part D .Conductivity 1) Obtain six 100ml beakers and add 50ml of water to each. Measure and record the conductivity of each solution. 5) Clean the lab workspace. where no melting is high and decomposes is low.

separate the compounds into two groups as indicated below: Group 1(Low Melting Point. Soluble in Ethanol. Conductive Group 2 Sucrose: Low Melting Point.01 µS Sucrose Melting Point: 3rd Solubility (water): Soluble Solubility (Ethanol): Soluble Conductivity: 0 µS Analysis: From the data table above. Soluble in Water. Not Conductive) Group 2 (High Melting Point. Soluble in Ethanol. Soluble in Water. Not Conductive Group 1 From your knowledge of ionic and covalent bonds classify the following compound as ³ionic´ or ³covalent´: Calcium Chloride: Ionic Citric Acid: Covalent Phenyl Salicylate: Covalent Potassium Iodide: Ionic Sodium Chloride: Ionic Sucrose: Covalent . Soluble in Water. Soluble in Ethanol. Conductive) Calcium Chloride: High Melting Point.Melting Point: No Solubility (water): Soluble Solubility (Ethanol): Insoluble Conductivity: 269. Conductive Group 2 Sodium Chloride: High Melting Point. Not Conductive Group 1 Potassium Iodide: High Melting Point. Soluble in Water. Soluble in Ethanol. Conductive. Group 2 Citric Acid: Low Melting Point. Soluble in Water. Not Conductive Group 1 Phenyl Salicylate: Low Melting Point.

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