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Cnen cm-prra aa CO~l.ll.~II1>1 M;;JI{c,fl,OHCKI1 narpaOT,1<list3 cDep.lll'IH(lH.Ll 3arpi:l6'1 C n()MOu..I,ra 11Q caowre. Opbf\HSl Mel(e.'.l,OHCt{HSl IWMHrer, Iwi-iTO 6e Hape4el-t B b P X 0 8 e It. 1-10 11 cnen CMbPrTCI Ha m,pslHI npenCt!!J,' Ten AI30Pll,Otld ra t<8Mapl111d 11 IleHJ-Hne 0PbJ\'151 HeCr1l1J.mo cnexyrmpaxa c mlMeTTa He} TpaHKO KHTdH"Ietl H ce npeuc I'dtl5lXd Ol1llanl Kino ueroau .[10- cnenoaarena-, xoraro BCblL\HOC1 651X.il lierOBI1 npSll(1tI 11 I<OCEleHH y611i1U.I1. VI Hi) T3:)11 arI1TaU,IHI ca (:ToI1l:l1111 xrep rue MHoro 4ccnUl H CMem1 Maltef.(OIl<.;tH1 60pU.J'I.

Bl"PXOtHIW>lT KOMlner or OCI-IUflal-!dl1eTO C.1- t1 no ueroucr 0 norpefie t-Il':t! e . f 11J1 CM'10 etH1H >t<<lJI'L>1< IIHCTpyMt;:11T B pt.uere He IHI}!) (P~PJ,\HHelH/l. vI 6op. 6':l'ra cpeuiy Her·_) cnpe ne 1111 enua OT OCKOBI'lIne JH1tUH1 a )1<11t10Tfl 1'1 6op6~1T1.! Hn 7lrle., 1{Q~lrO OT lie· uo nuo H HeCb::nliHt:JIHO ueroao 0IYbHHC no BpeMe lie.

,llocnaTC!<OTO HbCTCllil1e. ce npem.paa 5 H8H-OTSIBneH, H~~·nOCneAOBaTeneH H Ha~"ynopHr Heroa 8pa~

KaTO ce 3a~bPHa OT rn.psera CH x.apal'1kIHCRa 06HKOIII{a, 51He ce aaeera nax CbC CaO}!Ta CI<DOMHiI MHpfiOBpeMeltHa xapxepa - npo36orn1CTBOTO n p~ l~l1'la. CH. B CBo60,AHOTO <:'11 cpeMe ce car.1Q06pa30BB H 6bp3a na ce H3pa8HHBa c 06pa30£li1HaTo I1HTeJll'Jre~H.l,I1H B

rpaue. .

BO~HaTa Memgy rbP~H~ H TYPuH5I nOAxpaHsa enuoepeneano ~, Hage)l{AI1Te HaMal<eAOIICK~1Te pO&! ~1 arrerurvrre ua I<H~13 CPepAIHHIHA aa HOI:l£l excnnoaTdl~l'1jl Hi:lH!311 I·Hl,lJ.emAH, KaTO ce OOfl.HraHlte l1e4e HGI CtIOSI npO[30ArlI1!~ - BbPXOBH!151 KOMI,neT. S1He pcB!{:13Ba. 'Ie no -rosa epene B llymH111.a ).lOW/WI KafH1~ T8HHTe Btl'le.rlVlKOB H JV\Op¢OB H nog6YH(A1lJli'l M,oKet\OIlCIH1Te MJla.o.elf( H Aft 30mma aar 'EI M.al(eJ.\0~1L15! H cnen T$lX Ll.I,~WI-1 Ita TpbfHaT H "Te·, T. e. 6·bllrapC!{dTa !~O~CKa. 06pcUylHHlEl ce 'le-ra nOA aOAI1Ten· CTilOTO HEl K P beT fO 3 a x a p 11 e H, (ToH08 npyr ap Ii no npeueruea Hel (aH,u,aHCKH ~611aropoJJ,Ho MOM'IC·~ !:Ie'le carJlOCTO}lTeJIHO y'I1'lcTBYHan CbC CBO:~ 'Hna no IcIpeMe Btl .1l0Crli::ITCI<OTO S"bCTdtu-1e. 4eTaTd OMJla B"bopb,HeBEl or Beuenuace H f.\Opq:,OB C M6pn1HIUt H- 6ePAa~II:01. 3allHCSEl ce Ii 5lue, 1<YI1HIl CH' CbC (:110H napa Opb}l{l1e 01" 5Pi:H.II HSoa06H iii ce nplKbe.llUlll1II l(bM '-ieHHa. J"vi ~!Ha TI v, npes K peC~U""IKO, cpau.e bEl/U! ce ~la H~J<OJ11<O MeeHl c acxepa OKano H a nHpI--IU'J. Flpu ceno Jlcnoso )lHe 6l1fl paaea B MlKbTCI HCl 1151- tHili.l pblia.

CHOPO cnen roua 'I~TaTa ce lli3rermlJ1El e B1>I1' rapns: Slf·le ce aaap uute nax HI':I. c'rapera eH pa60TEl 11 IleHYBa PbKan~ CI1, I{051TO OCTiHta MClJlt<Q C31{ar6. Cnen BpblJ:(8HeTo CH 01" ,·0311 noxon, rOH OCI1081-10

l npeoueusua CBOSoITCl nccerauiua r'lai(e.o,OHCH6 Ae~1-10CT"

1 3aAKYJlHCHI1Te AOMor8aHH~ He ABopeua, paTa~CHaTa

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. ,[{eHl1e ua A6kTHY,MuU1Te ocpl-1u,epH. HaMl.-1paLlJ,11 ce 8 . nbm;Q cnY>Ke6Hd H nOJlI-1TWle·CKB 3al:ll1CI1MOCT OT IlBOpeua, KoL:1rQ see 1I0Be4e 11 nosese CTBBawe e.lV·IHCTlieHI1S1 yl1paBJH!B'}U~ <:jJal{TOp B 6'bJlrdPI-1~1 H 83€:1"11'1 TBbpnOTO peureuue, I{OeTO H .. I Cbo6w,ana B CtlOHTe

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- .. T oraaa ce 3apeHOX,4e AOI<BTO He p i'l36 epa: , l<aK CTOH ASlJlOTO. Hl'la 1111 opraHH3(lu.1-1~1 BbTpe 11 f'lp. I-IHlWl'1Y He uie CHB3M opbfil1e" (CTp. 13).

B OTJlH4He OT npyrHTe .HOMHfH" H "BO~HOAH· .- OpbAH5! ua lH.pXO['H1JMa, HOI·1TO CKI1Tl'IT no H~I<OM i"1.eCeU; 1013 MaHen.OHIHI 11 cnen lOuil rOJj,HHH Oe31\eIlHwcexa iii Idbp1ut=xa W<l~I(a.n.)1{\~Hct{(lTa cnY>H6,j HJ CTapI1Tt! 1l01lHTl1<leCt{~1 I<OTepHH, ~He Catit,aHCI{101, I.lJ,OM H<'HO ce8m1 4enn14eCI<OTO pyxo 11 38XBbpml nywIHI'ra, B3eMa nepOTO H OTOapl'l 1<!-II~rdTa; - nepOTo, :,a ' go ce npexpauae H Kl-Hlf"i'lTCI - aa !lyXOBI10 U 00111-1.THl~eCI<O H3gl1ralie_

H ero npes eceara 111'1 1897 r ., 3del~HO C nporpecuauara M(jKet~OHCj{<:l ~IHTem1re11U 1151 ocuouauar CClMOo6p':13oBElTe11l·IO Jl.py»<eCTBO, H<:I I<OeTO TO~t e 113- 6paH 3i'.1 6H6fI1'10Tt::Kap, a cnen pa3rOHIHlHe tid Y'Hi· TenHT~ ToR OCTdHa H Heroa npeAcenaren.

3peni-1Y1T peBOJil-OUHOHep

Ilpea 1899 r. ce 113BbpLUSO Ot{OI"l4.3TeJlHOTO H, 6e31rb311pClTHOTO I1ACOJ10rl-14HO H n(JJllnL14eClW orpopM51B<lHe H3 >IHe CaHA<1HCIII1. no roraua -rOM e cano . no-ryaen, 4e L'lbTpe B Mat(e.noIHHl ouie Ilpe3 1894 r. eel 113rpanetUi OCHOBHTe I~a Bb T pew HaT a f>t aI{ e A 0 H C !( ape fl 0 JI fa U. 1'1. 0 H Ii a 0 p r a H H 3 aU. H II, HO SlCH8 11 1l1,IlH8 npencraea sa He51 .1 30 1-1<:11- HI1Te oruoureuna KbM S'bl)XOBI-H-HI IW~11·neT H r~oop-' 40!:H1.Te 3i.1BOes8TenHH ncrrs naacseuas TOj;i He e 111>1(111._

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[lpea 1899 r. TOI1 nonyxeae Jl,OCTC! cuenexaa o r

. :; 11 I( 0 n a Man ewe EI C K 11,' sanoaaaaa ce c Q 11- M H T 1> P ()J,HMO) X. ,u 11 f'l. 0 B. pOA.OM. OT r OpHO OPOAI", CepCKO,c WKOJlCI{O 06pa30B1HHle H couaaT1I'1CTWleCI(a LUl<OJIOBKi:I, c roll, e JJ. e 11 't e a, AYuiare I'la BbTpeWH1lT1l OpraHI-13au,I1S!, c r bOp '1 0 fl e "r po B. o6w.onpH3IHnH5I~Alinno~laT· Ha cuuiere opraHlnau,I1.11 HAp. OT Ts!X. Mlh(eAOHCIUITe n spsoanOCTOJlH, 06AilpeHIH4T C BI1COlwu.eHIH1 peSO.MOlJ,1-10IiHH I(Q'~eCTfla SI He C a I~ n a H C I{ Ii nony-raae l-1)l,eo'norH'~~loro c 1-1 npocue r nelH1e. VI C Te31'! CMefll1 6opu,11 car-to CMupTTd r-W}H1l na 1'0 p,HJ~em!. H YCTI1Pl'loT1l ce 60pVlXd cneno npOH!H 0611~I1Te sparoae HCl MaKegOHCI01li 1111 PO!\ H 'Ie rip~l cIT a Ylv1pllxa OT eps »HeCKH KypWYM. VI rxxuara Cr-1bIH n01<3,Sa, '--Ie ~<o6ypn1Te f:I COCPI-HI H.e 6SlXEl nO-M1lJ1l<H aperoae HB B'bTpeWHCI' I'll .M(lf{eo,OHCI<i) opr8HH3au,IHI OT 1J,apL1rpaACI{I1Te CYJ1T1lHH.

Foue YMPSI OT TypCIUl KypWYM, a SIHe • .ilI-1NO H ,rbOp'IO OT l{ypWyr-H1 re HC'I l{o6yprcf{~'Te Hl1eMI-II-1u,I-1.

B lSiOO r., KoraTO ce n0HeJJ,e 6up6ara I·fa BMPO npOH11:I Capalp0tid. Cart.ll.aIICI(H e Belle na HCHd 1'1 oupeneneua 1l0:;1-1U,11~. B xourpeca I·ta MClt{eAOI-IClone APYl-IH:CrHa TaH ce 061'fEH1.n H npOTUB reuepan U.OI-I- 4eu M npOTI1~ 6. Cap(4)OB H rrouupenan II MCTaTi:1 :'1<1 B bpx.oaeli I{OMH"reT tid MH1(dI1JI0l3C!U1, Ha. KenOA, H. XapIIdI<OB, HO Cf~OpO ce y6eAltIl, Lie 6op6a npoTHO naopuoeare norrs n moueuaa Mo~e gel ce BO)lH Cd~'O (be 01n1He aa 8-bTpeUJI!dra opraliI13al.~l-15! '~I CKbCiHI C .ll.I,WP1IOl:ldTil ereurype BeAHi:llK 31lal-1liarH, HaTO ~l 061l1HHl tj'")i1Hd HlI H<I1UOT 11 Hii CMbpT •

.JJ.o6ve opl-1eH fillpaH no 3aWl'-lHTe. cpencrna+e M ,opra~H13al'HOtIHlHa CTpyKTypa H/l BfY\PO, TO.11 ouie 110 nofipe ce nonrOTBSl3G1 Hel1H anocron H npea M. ,anpl-1Jl 190 I f.' 3al'Hl1HWa C"bCCflO5! 'leTa c uen ].I.a

arHTHpa C 60eSHTe n03YHrH Ho OpraHH:3ElLl,I'l~lTa 11"

crxra HeHHMTe peAOoe 3<1 6op6a IIPOTI-1t! lyp(:t<H~

a6conlon13bM M nporMsollei1cTEH1:;t cp~wy 31'u!Oelia-TeJHil1,e nOn1oJl3HOrJeHI1S1 Ha Bem:Ko6bill'apCIUI5! wo-' BI1Ht13bM: a a CB06oAHCl, e n a u a a 11 He:3ilEIVI' eMMa f\1aHeJJ.OHH~ B 6paTCI{H BP-b3KI1 C 13 C 11 '1 x 11 C B a 6 0.0. H H 60 J1 I< a H C K 11 Hap 0 Jl: 11_ Or T031-1 3pWft!neH 1orbl1 51He iue oripenens aa B 6b,UeLlJ,e ' CBOHTe 11 aa ceosra pO.o.HH1l npaarena H eperoae.. P'bI{OBO,ll,I1C"I or T0311 scea 1I03YHI-, ·fa?". w.e ce c6m..,}HaBa B flbTSl tl1l 6op6aril C xopa H rpyna, C IWI-HO' B M.HHanOTO e apa»iAY1HW, crura na ce y6e,a,l-1, 4e ' cera re ca npauanuo OpHt::HTHpaHH 11 'Ie ca roroua yeCTHO H nO"ITeHo Ail en Y )HilT H1l 06 LL(ElUl Ha~ OAI'HI oopoa, H HaOnilKI1, TOM ae HOH,elue ne npoCTI1 l1 IH'I IICIH·6JI113ItI1TC CH cnOllBHHWI1L{11, aHO ce y6eAH, lie Te - Bbnpelnl MI1Hamne CH 3dcnyrl1 - ca 113-· 1'1elHHll1 HllK ce I{ClH~1T na H3MelHlT !-In OOU"OTO neno. 103H 11~1eHHO 'lepTa a 5lHea11S1 PCBOlllOtil10HeH upaa e naaana secro 110BOA Ha HerOLilne nponH3HKl~H Ad' My npanacaar nBepOIlOMCT80" iJ,OpH 1-1 KbM !idA- 6Jl1HKI1Te My npyrapa. B CbUlHOCT H!UWH npyr He' CI<bnewe l'al«~ APyrapcTBOTO ~l npIHlTenCTI:lOTO. t{dl{· TO >iHe CaH,O,dHCf<I<I, CaMO "Ie TOri 6e B3HCKflTeJleH HbM B01YKH, a Htli1-MliOfO K'bM cetie eH H KbM HCli1- 6m13IHlTe eM.

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· pH4eC!{(1 1'1 COU,HdJ1Hd C"hlLll'IOCT e npencouaanac'ru-

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B TanZI ~I B'bU BOIKO npyro oruouieuae, $lHe

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AcpepaTa MHC eTOH

.F\rHTHpaXMt! Me}l~J(y H8ceneHHeTo, pesnpeas 51He B CBOHTe Cncneua, AaCH f<yn~1 nyIDI<H, a H caM rpsfiaaure 33 c surare uen .n6 cb6epa Or Toea uaceneune napa. Ho rnenan 6e.J:HI0 T.IHI, a nbK He ce HaA~t!ilX aa nOMOUJ, OT 61:>JlrapHSI,. I<1HO sxeex KaK HCM+1' nocrHBO napH~e 6Axa pd3nHnSlBClHH or Capa¢OBCl, TB 30 ryi1 y Mel ... H(l3p~l!laWe MHC'bTlTa A,a ce HClMep5lT no npyr H3YHH nOBe4e napM, 36 Aa ce ynoTpe6wr 3a A~noTo BbTpe B Mal(e.o.oHH5i".

3Hd'U1 HY>«AClTCI or BbopblHaaClHe ua Hilcenet!l1e'fO, OT eAI-H~ crpaaa, H ron~IMdTa uerosa 6C,Il"HOTI1!'!, OT APyra, nOAcKa388 Ha Ca1i,D,3HCKI1 H ApyrHTe He" 38BHCHMl1 peaOmOL\HOUepH, 1<0111'0 ae nponunaaaxa .6 e 30 T '-I e T H H T e qJ 0 H ,Il, 0 Be" HCl bbllraHI151 {a TaKa CTOSIxa pefiornre H B CbP61'HI H rbPQH~J. Hymnara na ce AHpS!T npyra . ue McJTepHamUne cpencrea, UJ,Of'1 HaTO 6e.n.HH5i uapon lie MOme na npe.a,CTaSH Til 10'1131'1. Tpaoaeure, nposee, na ce npl16erue AO CHCTe~l1:Ha ue .. orxynare", xaro ce OTBJ1elan 60raTH '11 :lHaTJ-IH mone, 6 MaKe.o.oHHl'J 061-tH1101leHO ca npafiarflhnlil KbM OTS.flI.1'-1al-ie MCl 6eHoBe tum 6eHCKH neue, alia TOBa 6e'leCTO xapaMl1l1clU'1 cnocu6 ae I1WHiI-t ofinar«, Cera ce oor'H1C1l5tlJJC 3il npHnanme Hi:: TOl:lG\ cpeLiCTBO 3Cl HyH~LiklTe H5 pesornouaara, H He sa xai1- AYWi<Q Hn" reucrepcxa (8 AMepl-'ma) UCl1.

3a npanaraae ro HH 'ra3H npHHy.Il,HTenHH MeTO)l,fl Carl.a,aliCl{H e ncny-orn csrnacaero K oucfipeuuero l-Ia P-blWSO,IJ.lnemHtl 1-1.12 B-bTpeLLIH(lTIl opratU13au,HSl. I-1MH aese Ii H3nHTClHH xopa, KOI-1'rO H~r-tH J4il 1131l0Jl-

i ' i

!

3yS2IT CJly4a5t sa JU1'IH3 HOPV!CT, xaro XClpflMHMTe. 01<0./10 Bl'v1PO ca -ce npJ.1Cbe)VIHI1IlH uce xpi.16pl1 11 6e3iWpHCTHI1 .c.di U,11 , I,a ro XP~ICTO '{epnoneeu C-lepHlo Fleea), K.pbCTIO f\ceHoB (nJleMe~!lIKt< ltd XilA}I{11 J~I1- r111rbp or em-IBe!;), 111leKcaHAbp i{WfatiOH or c. JleUJl<O, Caaa Mi1XEl.HflOS OT fe.Bre.fll1ikl{O, Cal·I)V1 VlJll-1eB, Epa- 4olleu" Fle r'sp IOpYKOB or KapnOBO L--l np. OrflWIi-lM Text-JI'I'leCKH pa60THl1IJ,I1 (qeUII1IJ,I1) 11 Jlerant-iH Aei1L-II1.

CneA npcnanaue H6 om-He )J,o ce craneve (10- nel1MElH 6er, nauioa CHH OT .ulKyMa~, '{epaonees 11

• CaHAaHC101 HElMHCJlI1JlI1 na 311Jl08511" Wt!{OH OT npoTeCTCliiTCIH1Te MHCHOllepl1, IW~1TO UreTtlJ!l1 no cJ!ylt(6a 11 nponar eune 1·13 no rpeHH1'HHUl Hpai-i 11 H1l rJbPBO l<peMe ce cnpsna 11(1 Il-p X a y c. I:IHHelt MI1(HOHep, KO-

rOTO l[ClKanl1 Ad AoillJ,e OT COJ1YH. 06XEldHOTH OT rpecxara ~sa uer'upneuuero, J~dIHO -recro CHI B6 B, Ti:llml3d cnY"i'l1-1,3arOBOpHI1IJ,HTe 6bP30 IlpO~1 Il.'r 'Ct: n naua CH H peuranu ;J,Cl nne-tar M He C T 0 H. af>1t:p,- 1<i:lI!Ka, CbUJ,O I"H-ICHOHe-ptUI, HOSITO C ~(pyrapi<iln1 01 UI'IJlK.a, 6bJlrapHa, (lOllaAHam1 no TOBa epesie B rpan'leTO Eaucuo. Flna-n, r e H3nbIlHeH.I-la rn.r or 5<111- CJW ::Ji3 CHNI1'fllH!1, B M. Honnpauara CHana, Hi1 21 eer ycr CT. CT. 1901 rOA. nae re lHeJ-iH I)H)H1 aanoueH~I. j;t seno-u-e wY"H-lanl a.pepa MI'IC (-1'0 I-! , J{OSlTO KaTO IH,lIWe61l<1 npl11(Cl31HI 06XOJl.H U.!1J1H~1 CSIlT ~1 ~t3In>pI1Hl l1J11pOI<Cl nponarauna 3i::1 6opCi~1'a Hd i'l1H(e.uOi~CI<I-"~1 uapon. Hi:! I 1(;1'111--10. POHi'lI! rkl'!!td ftPl1~t Ji{a. K051TO ouie I-Ie e Hdr'lt!p'lJW CtlOeTO IIutlO ;..yp,UrHtCr· SeHO npeBbflJlOT5tB<lHe, cnen P06Y1 H8 CrpaWHr4l1posa. Ha 18 5IliyapH Cl1eJ~H{H<J 1902 r. orxvue or 14000 Ty pClO1 nl-ipl-1 ce nOJlyljf.ll~a ()T C:ill!1,allcll~1 B D.611( '-;:0, '1pe3 <JMepHIHlIICI{"T<J l<orJn1CI1~. C-bCl0)j~L~a t.:e OT J-l-p Xeyc, rapg}l{QoJ1Y, )J.pdrOI>1i:lHtH-l !:l noconCTBOTO H [1(11', Bi1CHCP [-M MHCI15ITI'l. Ho H napure ce asexa I!O~,tJ.I1H

2

18

.. xapaM.I1M.CKM" HfI''-tI1H. 'le rypcuara oxpaua He yceru-, na roee,

Cnen MnClAOTYPCI«na peaOJlIOIJ,I'HI B 1908 r. HI:! eAHH 6E1HKeT. A8AeH aa MaKe.aOBCKI-1Te pe60J1!Ou.I10- Bepl1 or Cepcxo l1 CTPYMCIW'OT CTpaHCl HCl J{OMI1Te· To .V1TTI1XClT ae repasu (oOe.n,HHel-lL-1e '" HanpeLl.bl<), enn H or npacs rc i ayaaunrre, - ~IHTeIll1reHTeH rypc« 11 non KOBIH1I{, ce OObpHa KbM51~le Cat11~aHCI<l-1 C mofiorurruara Manoa ne pasnpaaa, aKO 06114t:l, I<CII< e 1134

MblHlan napure, 6e3 TOM ,o,1:l yceTI1. •

- Fb. KaJBa flom{QIHI~1I<bT. 6iU H36paH 01 Ha'-1C1IlCrBOTO,. HEITO NClH-OKYMYW (XI1TbP) ACl rrpanpyH(Ell::laM napare H na eel 110~lbt'la Ail pa36epa H~IW.O OT aauiara IH:lHCTHH8 Ljy.Ll.Ha apr~I!H13a!.H1s!. C usna ra po ra noxapax OTKYI1(l B Eauc s o. VI Bee cneuex, Hay'!!-it: or MI1CI10HepHTe; -re Bl1e. Catlil,dHCKH e¢eHAHf;l •

.iI. ·J.J.,I

":.\8'.! OTI'i:E!31Hll-I )].0 np~eMeTe nepure Here aanousna-

III Ail ce oTHCCdT 8 .upat1a. 1{'bAero uie nperure C!:lOIHe nbJlH;)I'tOW,HKLl.l1. B::lex napure HoaR C acxepa I'M 3l'iHeCOX B .upaMil, I{(HO yse.L\OMUX 1;1'l4(lJICTBOTO eM, Oure C npacrurauero CL1, rro ny-ra a~·~ re nerpecpu'-IeCI{O 3(m~!Tl:laHe «ora H Kbp,e CbM npenan nepxre •

. Orroaapan : ,,0 rxaaaxa rta rl1 nOJ1Y'hH, napa re ca rYI\". HOBi1 renerpane : l,ni1pl1Te Co nOJ1y"eHI': H fv\11C CTOII nYCHaTa. 0651(.HeT~ pa6onna". Toraae ~1i'jK ce YCbr'IHI1l( 11 C t-1ecnlOTO HayaJ1CTBO peumxxe Aa QTBOp~M C1'lHAb4eT1'lTi'l H W,O Ad B),tAKM: 1:It.,<:::CTO JH·'pH - OJ10B() I

OOLU, CM$l,'{ 11 061u,a MOJ16a K'bM C:lI-lA HelH'l rta otHlCl;\i 110 l(JI(,bl3 r.11"!cTep~!O",eJ-1 1134HH C HJrCrJllJH1 nap-n e, qe "OI-<Or'lywa" ror aue xanurau e,pel-fI~11 IiHUJ.o na He paaoepe.

H -roreae Ii[ 63 HaY"U-IX rOCPHaTa nOAP06HOC(T.113- J

nOHH'lH8 B I.<b<:I-IO nesarauare nOMe.H1d H6 5lHe CneH· --

csrsprao B )927 r.) OT nporp, MHIIen1"11} .:1

Cep~eHH B CbnpOTI-lsa -~

·1

Bnaroaapexae HB YCVllIHSlT6 H eaepras ra He

CaHAilHCKH VI HerOBlHe APyrapH, Cepcioerr peaoruou.VI.OlieH OHpbr 6e Hai:j-CTefHaTlHl CeHTOp Hil B1:>TpeWaara o prdHl13a1J,1-1Sl. l~epllOneeB ce y"pem1 B CrpYMCKH$l OKpbf.11 ocraae sepeu neeu HCl B'htpewHClra oprauaaauns 11' BcpeH npyrap He Cali.D.6HCKJ.1, r one

Jlen'leB, rbOp~O llerpoa H aa, t:lCI-ILlIU1 "IeCTI1H 60p LJ,11 ,

CepC'I<I-151T 01<P-bf rp5l5tlaUle na [163M 111::61151 6p5tr '1-16 (TPYH6 L1 nope-n-ero ua f\'\~CTa or BbP':OSJ.1CTH'leCKl1re jialll1Tarn~SI. a (rpyr'1CI01S1r - ,oeCHtHl CTPYMCKI'! 6pSlr. f\ TOI~a 6e e,UH6 TtH<Ki:! rpI1~j«(j ., yncpura 6op6a. 3a paarranueuero 'tIC! 6op611Te 11 sa ntxHaT<l -mKc<:rO'leHOCT HaH-romU'" .D.51Jl OT OFOBl1pHOCr ce nana He <Dep.tl.l1llaHA 1<1 na HerOBIM! CMH, Ho X~OIWl'O ,8 TC311 ABa OI<P-b3H HMawe eAHil Henpel{bCHClrll CTpy~

.OT nporpecueue MHCbll ~1 nocroaaeu noru-p c 6bnrapCI<I-1Te nsao-ne-tokparu-tecaa 06w,eCTUetl11 .u6~-I)t<e· HH~, aanpor aa, aan Bapnepa ce H3CO'iBoXa npenanno BbpXOBI1CrWleCKU1'E! 11 WOtH'kH"ICn1'leCln1 OHiH • . nbK I{ B caMI-HI lJ,eHrpa.neH KOI'lI<lTeT Ha BbTpeWHaTa opranaaauua BHI-LilrH e HMilJlO ,n;eCliH"IClpCF<11 Ii,acrpoeua nesrenu. no 30l<OmITe HI') npOHI1I{B<lHl1lHa (Ul1tPY31 .. una}. ABQTB OI{Pb3YI. He Cdl'10 4e Haj;i·euerrt14HO OTCTOSli:lClXa caMOCTOMHOCTl'1l H3 B"1>TpelWi8r1l oprauaaa U;H!>l, HO 1;\ [1-bpB'1 :l1l6HXa rpeeora, [l~OM 1<1:1- TO yceraxa, '~e cenara BMPO ce ..-1:':lr'n1CTBCl OT (BOH-

.) 3<1 a(~epaTil M~lC ('TOH O!5U,I'1Plllt nOApOOtiOCTl1 .nalle ~lB. XapH3altOB a t:IlH:IIHellllllHii L~'eH; C'blllHIIT OT ,II'bnrB roICHIlIl pa60TH flbpXy eAtHI H3'lepflan.:nll<l 5Horpa¢H~ HI! 5!tle .Kt'ITO 'Ionett 1-1: PI.:);II)HiOlll~Ol1ep •.

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re ObpBH n03HlJ,HI-1 11 ce nonasa Ha Be.J1HKO·6bnrap. CJ<I1!e 3aElOeB.6T~nHI1 nOnbJ13HOSeHl1S1-!..._._.

Kone6aHVlf'lTaB BMPO -_

Ow,e IlpH OCl10l:ldBflHeTO tid B"bTpeU1H6TfI opraHH3au,l151 B H'i'lyaJlOTO He 1894 rOA.; 1'1em)J.Y C8MHTe OCHOBononOI+UHem1 - )J..p XPliCl0 Tarep-ies, neTbp' n, F\pC06, AaMStH rpyeB, Xa,l:\HW HI1I{OnOB 1-1 F\HToH )J.11~lIHpOB l-lI"a H3BeCTHI1 npoH1l:IOpe'U-H1 H Iwne6dllHSl no OCHOBliHTe at.npoca HCI ABHmeNl1eTO. KoeTO nppnW·laSd OT en OMeHl1Te l"'Iil Xp. TaTap4fHI.

- • p d3HCI<BB ce H8J),bJlrO BbPXY uerrra ua ra.lH opr auaaauas J.'I no-cerue ce cnp>lxM.e B'bPXy aaTOHOMHna HB MaReAOHHSt c npe)J,HMCTBO He 6 nrepI.:Hj.'I51 eneneur, He MQ}HBXMe na Bb3npuer-1eM rJle,IJ)1' utero ~npHl'-10 npI1CbeAt1HeI1l1e- tiel MaKe)J,mnlSi C (~"bN) DbnraptlSl, seuro ro BHH<AaXMe, -re ryH ure cpeun-e ro.neMH ~1bYHOTHI-1. nopan« np01'l1BOJ~eHCTBl1eTO ua aenaxure CHJlH ),1 acnapeuuare Ha cucenaure !'-la/IIOt /l,bP»{(lBI1 11 Ha TYPlJ,HSI, MHHi:leaWe HI1 I-Ia yto'l, 'Ie eWla aaTOHO~\Ha fvlat(eAOBI-Hl C'eTHe 611 Morna,,ua ce Cbe,o.HHI-1 c 6bnrap~I)l. d B xpaen cnyyati. aKO TOB<I He ce nOCTHrHe, 'Ie uie f<.'OHte ACl nocny aca 3<1 o6eW-1HI1TemIO aaeao aa enaa 4'eAepatV'HI aa 6am<flHC"-HTe Hap0JJ,H" (crp, lOll.

cDopM.anHO Ta311 AyanI1CTH4.eCHa Te3Cl C npegHM<:T80 Ha "npl-1CbeAHHel-ll1eTO" HbM 6bnrapL.H! B 113ra~ OOTeHI151 yCT6B Ha opranuaeuaara ce 3ClMeHH C a8TO' Ilor'111CH14eCNaTi:I HAeS{~ 06aCIe BeJU1KO' 61>nrapCIU1Te nOMI1WJlet'I~'~ 1-1 AeHcrBH5{ ElI1HarH ca HClMHpam1 OT· kpexuara spare, aa J),Cl - ce npOMbl<Bar. CpeAHUJ,eTO HZ! L1,. I<. tl Cony" naaauie npelJ,m1CTBO ue eK3ElpXl1.HCJ<HTe YHHOB~H1l1,l1 Ii Ha. TbprOBlJ,Wre J.1 Toea 06CT sTenClBO aacanaauie ueHTpo6eHnlHTe CHnl<1 B ABI1H<e-.

21

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tiHeto • Ilopa rou.e Ilenxea He ycn5lsaWE:: .. .Il~ orpaHI~ , ... aaa cenapaTHLIHI1Te 8emlKO-6bJlrapCIU1 ieHgeHu.I,U1.

npl16bp38HOTO peureuae sa 061lBl'IB8He aa I-1nI1HJ~eHCf{OTO 8bcrClIHI.e ce ,Il,-('IHIH1 B rOmlM1!l crenen aa OHe,n1 cnoese 8 BMPO,. I{OMTO nOCTi.lIH1Xa CBOS{ 6bflrapcxa "naTpHOTH3bf'I'Y no-rope OT peuornouaoeuare I1HTepeCH HCI MaKe~OHCHH~ po6.

HcnHicHHTe 8fHOHOMHCTH, xaro r. ,/J,en"le,a, 5t CaH,..8BCKI1, Xp. '{epuoneea. Flepe Touiea, ChOP'IO Flerpoa 11 IIp. H np., xaro He MOltl6Xa ,Il,a 8b3np,HT 065HIRE111HerO HGl' BbcrClHHeTo, asexa Mepl<H na HliManMT noue KonKOTO e Bb3MomHO HerOBHTe orpHu,aTe!JlIH aa ,Il,BH>I(eJlHeTO nOClle,~HIJ,l-1. B Te:J,H yCK.I1H5I JcH'~111a B. peausere lid COOHTe PCEIOJlIOUHOHliH CI1f1H Hal1·Cf.lHl~IU1!'1 CI1H t'ja ""aHe,ll,OH ~151 r OU e )J, e II L( e e, C 'HUlTO CMbpT (22 anpun 19(3) ce Ild~iece TejHbr{ Y L\d r HEI L~51JTOrO )~B11 H{e~IHe.

CdHAt:lIKIHl H LkpHoneea Bb3Jfbpau::xa uace neliHeTO OT MCICOBOTO 1I1,Crf.lHI-'H'!; 38 I<i:HWOiO ue 6cLlJe rOHH~O, H ce 38,!l,OBOI1l'I)(B C '{en!l1'-Iec 1H1 .udicrl:l~151. 3a Tdl{I1B8 .u.eHCTBI-151 6~lxa nponYCHBTH HI-nIOrO 4eT' tH1ql1 or 5bnrapH51, HOf1TO npea npC}JJIBTa 1902 r. uanpaaaxe rOIle1-'1 H 110pa3MI1 li JImYMai1cKo C resa 11Bpe'WHOTO A}I< y M a H C I< 0 B b P X 0 I:j Her VI Y e C K 0 B"b C T i:l HH e.

CJleA j.-1J1~HAeH

Cnen 3ClTy.XnClt'IC HB BbCToHHYeClana Bblllia H o ri crn rue .-122 BbpX.Ol:lHCTI14eCHl1Te 'lent, Pl,HOBOAHTenure ~id CepCIUHI peI)OIllOl{HOHeH oxpsr rpstiaauie Ad :L3.[qJaB~H HiH'LeCel-Hll'e paHH H 'HI CTSH"iH opralil1:1dU.ll51Til ~1 He?ilii:'lrB JJJ'Icu,110nI1Ha. r.lpOTHB sonara <':~1 Cep<lt:1I11 6~1I:a y Imetl HM D OTH nOH~IElaU Irl OT np~' Kind 11M ;la):J,(:l'la 60p '11 Ha Mlwro 1)p01Hoae:

22

a. npcruu naKOCTBI1Te norrsnaueeeunx He! 6b.l!1- - rapCI01Si naopeu :

6. npOTI1B BbPXOBH3Ma B 6bllrapHSI;

B. npo rnn UJOBI1HHCTI1'H~Cl{aTa BbOpb)l{eHa nponareuna Ha o¢I1u,l1aIlHII fbPU,I'1Sl;

r. nporas OnUCHI-1Te BbpXOBVlCH14eCI<\1 rei-ne U.1o'\H B 3anaAI·n-ne OI<Pb3H aa BbTpewHaTa OpraHI13C11J,H7., 4HeTO P'bIWBOACTBO npeML1HCI or ElbTpeWHOCTTa B Heo-r:rOHO pHH pbu,e B Coqll-1lt.;

n. n POTL18 .o.eMOpeHlI-131!UWnCl, t<OSlTO ce ceeuie B caMI1::! okpsr C 06eUl.otll1Sl H nOA~ynl1 or Cl'paHCI ua COl{lI1i1ct<I111 necpeu H np .. 11 np.

6op6clTi:l C Te:H1 apam;.l.e6I-H-1 ua peBOJllOLI,1-10Haara OpraHI13au,I1~1 CI11111 MOHH::we All ce BOAI-1 ·11 ~13- Abp»UI cano OT CB'bpXBOJleBI1 60plll-1, l<aTO 51He CaBA8HCIUI 11 neroaare npyrepn ~ 6yi-1HOB, naHHu,eI, CKpmHeaclHt, XeA)W1ea, Kaaenos VI P.p. f\ ,D,er'10p(J' Jl~13~ipaLU~ne p,ei1CTfHBl 118T'hMHIHe 01!lU 6511W AO,aM Cntr~lanl1. 4e 61i1xa YCI1lUH1 na pa.3Hone6a=-rr ,nopl1 eAl1ti npenau PCBOJlIOLV10Uep KaTO /'vil-1x.1lI1Jl ,D,deB.

Cep4eHI1 B'ho6LUe 11 OT,Ile.J1HO 51He CaHJU1l1CI H 6Hxa npenc raeeua OT nOAkyntH1S1 6'bmapcl\l1 ne-ra r xe ro ~13qaIlH>l. xoraro re 6~xa BCb~HO<:'f CMenl1, ynopHTH H TBbPfH1 60PlVI sa Cl!060D,clTCl Hd J'-li:lkCAOHCKH5I p06 YI npOHIB K031H1Te Hd Ko6yprCHi:ln~ AI-HlaCHI5I B Co<tmSl.

CbC cacjn e CMel1H .0,0 AbP30CT 0 T t< P 11 T 11 n HeM a Te OTCToStBilXtl 3ApEHHne n0311L1,HI1 Hfl. BMPO H wI16axa npaao 11 o-urre 11 .nI1W:lCj·~HI, H I<rnepHHHa BnaCT 11 npOJl,<lIKHH narpuo rapn, IWI-no ·rbprYtlf.lT C A5IJ10TO H8 potia .•

H HI1I<051 npyra cpl1rypl:l J3 M3HeHOHCKOTO peBOIllOLI,HOliHO Jl,BIHHel-tHe lie e npHI31111'-lana T8HCl OT'leT1H1BO In.M ee6e CH oeipaaare HClTbMHI1Te Gum Ha Ll,5!mH16aJllU1HCKH nOl1YOCTPOB,KiH<TO nH'~HOCTl'o

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11Cl CaHJl,BHCKH. VI H~il{Oi1 QT f'1aHe.n.QW:K~1Te 6opuIr! lie e 6~JI lenal Cbp.n.C'<I:lO 0611,"lBH or f1eCTHQTO uaceneHue, KeHO 5].lie. Ow.eB pavuae ra Hi'l CB01,neMJlap,11 01n 11 , ensa 30 rnru-ureu, TOH e eexe IlJ061'1MIr!51 C T ap 1'1 1<' 3B 6e.o.H~He LI 1'1¢'mrra pu, aa /,WdAH H crapa, 3(1 MbH<e H HH::lil1. H Kal{ 1'1I1flO orexaeure Hl3H CBO~CKa AyMa a .o.yuH1Te aa po6HTe[ 3a Hl.l( 151 enHospeMeHHO 3BB.4ellJe: 3 a K pH n H HI<, H a n b T 11 tl H, A 51, A 0 H M: b A P' e 1..(. H5IUl,O Haro A51Jl,O B yCTi':lTil aa cr aplne 60roMI,tn11..

3a .o;,a, MQf<lT CaHABHCI<H H HerO!Hlle APyrapH ,Il,<1 YCTO:;lT cpeuiv IfpbcTocaHHTe yJ~apH nil runxoue 6palt()1,eOHI1 01J1H, rOJ1S11'1 A5Ill OT CbJJ,e~ICT8I1eTO ce IJoANa 11 ne nl1pHH, iota. ropAI1S1 11 X<lH1IYLLIHH [lI1j::~tI, IWj;j,TO aUHaru e .rIrYHHIH C'bC CBOHTe nIlal.mll\~1 - Ofl"lapH H lOH au.11 , ~I HI,mora Hee npuaaaean B1HlCTTtl ua ):IOMtl!llJltB L1'ly)I(~~~1 l'HptlHH. 1-1 HL11(b~~e npyr ane n peeornouaounara pO!'1i.lHnma ua uaponare He e l1r·11lna T1H<t'lS·<:lT'.ICHa Elpb3Ha Me>H.lJ.Y nnauune Fl 6,JP' ll,H. 1,3I{BaTO 6e HPylt(6an'l. Neltl._n.y CHlpl1Ka H rh1p~!1.

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24

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BHe CbCTaiHHiBClTe rOMIMOTO 60nUJI1HCTBO 0'[ aapona, HO 3aerVIO C TOBa Bi'le 1'1 ali· MHorO ere <Jy BCTtJyaiuH1 3JHHIHTe ua 06l.lJ.~1 re eparoae, B iC30eTO TYPCIW lI,apCTBO CiHe 651 rre He nO-ManKO po611 o r Ba· UHHe CbOTr::Yec-rfleHHlI,H XPHCTHIlHHTe. Heuiare ynpaui 1I1UIi n b}l(eXa nocere, lie XPHCT ·HiHHTe C1l 61-1 M1 ai:lUJI1 aperoae. Cera sue p,n6I1pl.ne HOH ca B<:1UJH 6pant 11 I-Wl<! - aparone. B~le rrt:.ptH1 eml30xre B 6op6arCi 3(1 CBo60.ll3 yl paaaorrpaaae. 3aeAHO C B{lC ca BCW'!KI1, BaW.HIT es srnec: • Haponnre ca 6panl 11 !;:tHO 6p1:lT51 Tplol6[jd Ad )IU1BeWr~ - crps CbPUaTCl ,H2l XPI<1CTI1$l!iCI<O"l'O uaceneaae H ro YllCCHH B M"bYHI151 BbnpoC: ~13 I<oj:( rrs'r MoaH~ Ail ce or-me ICbM caofioner e. nro'lee, .e.a lHHsee nonerare f:iop6a n;:>OTI13 THpaHHna, 3E! Ad 3C1l1H1see l~enOl{ytlHH.!if ~Iapo).\. I

Jl.parH CboTc1lecTBeH'l1!tl1 XPHCT~51HH H BHe 6~xTe He nO-MClllI{O 3a6JlYHHldlHlIiH ~1 I:Hlpbdxrc. -te !JdWl1le M'bHH npO~13JHl)ilT OT rupaHI151TEl ml lJ,51m1.51 TYPCI{l1 HdpO.o., 1-1 rosa 31.l6I1Y)H,LICH!,le naJ~Ha. Cera BI-Ie eTC CH nOAaJ!H 6pa rO<H Pbt<l:l H car-o c 10311 C1,103 BBe lL(e H3~OlOtlaTe rooxoea )HelloHClrd nocera 1>\' O{b110 nriareuare Ce060A1:l. 3aT:;J['aihe 10311 Cb103. HeKCl norpe6eM 31'le/lHO e a6coJllOTI13Mil Ii Cb3,1..(ClllllHHTe OT Hero tta".lHOI-taJ1H~ caxoTpe6MH!IIHH 6op6H.

C b Hap 0 .r:l H H IJ, 14,

BVle, KOI1TO ere A8m1 TonH.OBa CWbrlH mepnU1' npen onraps H1l Ct.1060)l.8T6, MO)HeTe penocruo ue Bb3,!l,bXl-JeTe. Cera SHe He CTecaMH - eTO aauro Sdw,na 6op6a (TaB;) nO-Ha,J.1.e}l{,D,HCI 11 no-nexe, C 06w,BTe YCI1J1I151 aa BCYI'-lHI1 HapO,D,HOCTH HHe uie 113- BO.IOBar-Ie HamaTa nbnH8 cB060A8. He ce nOnatH:lHTe ua npeCTbnHHTe ararauaa, 1<0l1TO MO!He 6", w.e ce noaeAaT OT 0CPI1lJ,l1iUIHI-ne BJlelCTI1 B 5bIlrapJ.-151 npoTI-1B Hi'lUJaTa 3aAPY»(HB 6op6a C TypCI:<H$l KapOA H ueroeara crpensuie ce I{bM csocona I1HTeJ I-1reHu.I1~.

A par 11 C -b 0 T e '-I e C T 8 e Ii H 11, 11,

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50APOCT, CCiMOOTllCpU{eHQCT H rlOC'rOS\.H~lCl roroaHOCT ae 6op6a - ero uoe "P}l6BEl ,Il.1:1 1-111 B'bOAYUJCnnsue I:! T03H Sem-1K MOMCHT.

CMbPT HE! Tl-1pa~nLsna - na .H<I1SCeHClpoACI I Aa )K~Bee ceodonara!

JJ,a }I{I'lElee conanepuocr're Ha HapO/J.8 1 ,ll.a H01Bee seruucar a aaponua 6op6a 1 Aa >Hl-taee Hap0.f\El!

Co nyu, 18 KWH 1908 r.

fYiaiH'l(peCl'bT npOI13nC,IJ,e canao ene-iarneuae 11 'lyItlAHTe «opecnoanearn npew-aoxe HcrOBOTO Cb.o.bpm8mte B IJ,HII C651T.

no OTtWWeHHe 1-1<1 uevaruara nepI10~H'leCK-a. nponareuna c eecruu«, CallJJ,iHICl<H CM5IrClWe, 4e Tp~6Bd JJ,d ce KlqaKd rpynHpdHero Hd noee4e CHnK, IWIUO ce OYdl{SdXd or 5bnrapl151. f\ nO-5!pI'W COW,!'I- 8J1HCTHlleCl<dT8 nponarauna He Tp516a<:l p.a ce 11a;.teCHEI c JJ,eM.Of<paTI1\·,eCKo-¢eAepanHIHdTd. 1{Q~lTO we pi13'-lI1TCI npe.L\I1NHO IHI MaKep,OHCI{l1Te cemlHH, aelIa>lTYl<1H H .n.pe6HI1 T'bprOSlI,H, C KoeTO uie ce 06e3- BpeJJ,11 erarauaara Ha pedIOVIOHIH1Te Mdf<eJJ,OHCtH1 f<p'broae, .KOHTO aexe, C M<:rrep.l1tlJlHilTd nOAJl.p'b}Kl<a xa 6-b nrap CIUUf nsopeu 11 npaSf1TeIlCTBOTO, ce opraH113Hpi:H B TaKa HElpe4el~11Te "f<OI-iCn1Tyu,~10HHH l<Jly6ose; npue ce tfElH-paHO Ad 3C1nOlJl1e B. "EJJ,~IHcr eo" non peo,ClIW,l1lHa HCI 4, KdHrapAH<HeB. RH. TOMOS \1 n. .D.enI-1Pd/~e.B. T 03H BeCn-ll!1< MI111.<lBallle aa oprau aa CTPYM4eHI'I C -lepnonees IHllJeJlO. ManKO nO-lCbCHO Cep4elH nO<lllaXtl S .. ~KOHCTHTyl'HoHHa 3apH" non peA(HH~11S1T~ Ita f>'\l1pa3tlHea 1-1 A. X. AHMOij, H3mlTi'lHM Mdl<e).J.OI-ICI01 pef.lOJlIOI.~110HepH H sepHM C'bpanIl1L~H Ha CaHAi'lIICI.<I1.

Cnen obpaayaeuero li6 Heponuare (t)eHepaTHBHi'l napraa, n sa re aeCTHI1Ki'l ce cnsxa nOA I1Men:1' "H a po A H a 6-0 n Sl-, se-re 1{!:lTO rIapHleH opras.

>iHe npeaeuie BCHLU<O, xoero 6e tlb3Mo)H,HO npa roraeaunurre y ClIO B 1151 , B nonxpena HI:! COO~1'fe 6eAlH1 cemlHH, '-H151TO excrmoareuas OT 6erOBe 1-1 arH CYdseuie ouie no-resoca npa OCbeTIle!H1Wra aa IWHCTH." Tyl~l1oillll1Te (8060.0.1-1. VI nouexce aoeare BJlaCT, m.p»<aHa 0 r crepara 61OpOKpal~HH f1 aeneanenerun- re, He BI1Hdr\1 fie OT3118'H1sa HbM CHpOMllwre I-1Cl{llHI1>I Hll '111(prll1rapCBOTO uace neune, $IfH~ '!eCTO npaseuie AeMoHcTpau,I1i1C o rrerrrauero CH B f1I-1PI1Hd. e'bnpoC'bT sa paanaaaue 3eMq Ha 6e3111'1O'fIIOTO censuecr- 60 craaauie Bee no-ccr-i .. p couuaneu m.npoc H TOBa 06CTOI'ITenCTBo, He uie (bl'1Hel-fl1e, CMYU.J.ar.HlUle 1-1 OJ-

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11 06.51 aauie nosexenuara rypCRIl i]PPlCTOI~p~tJ,i'l.~, f<05(-TO H npa ,,5c.OnIQTW[eCIHUl cyurauckx CTpOH H npa r"lna,q,OTypCIU151 peml1M l1MaLUe H aanaasaiue ronan A~n B ynpasneHHeT0 HIl CTpaHllr1l.

- 3 e M 51. T a H a i e 3 11, K 0 ~1 T 0 51 06 p a-

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3a Ad BHA~T 4llT;:nemne HI'! !U1KB(l npaaarma 11 oHcrpa ,lJ,bpl:KaBHl1yeCJ<Cl ML1Cbn ce 06na,lJ,1'lBamt aep-orre ua I'oueeure saeeru t>l1H<e~~01-lCHI1 60Pllf1 11 !{(HebEl JJ,eMoKpdTI-1'-leCIH1 nyx e sean B T:.JXHiJTCI noJlI-ITI·1'-leCKCI Aefit-lOCT, LLl npHOOM!II1M nporpanura He: (PeJ.J,epi:n~:BHaTa nap+as, npnera He CBI-IHBHI151. H<l 3 aer ycr 1908 r. y-rpenareneu xourpec. Ocaeu em,nBHCKI1, '{epucnees L1 npyrure TeXHU ,lJ,pyrapl1, Hnmo Y4dCTHe B H3PH60TBHHe nporpdMdTa Ii B ~HBOTa HCl l'1Jla,Ui;lTB na{JTI~l B,3e A Ii 1'111 T 'b P B J1 a x 0 B, c srpa }K)J,dllH H 11 cnonuu HUll'll{ na r oue.

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35

Cy8epeHI~TeT; npenaxua-re H1l BCH'II<I1li.au,110HanHH ..., I-\naCOElI1 npl1£1HJ1enU1 H npauo H BC5It{l'I Hau,HOH[HlIi CT CBo60)l.HO )~a ce OPI"1lI-IH3Hpa 11 CdMOOllpeAeml; 06JlaCTtlO ~1 06W,V\l-lCKO canoynpaeneuue (aa otirracr fie ce B3eMClT cereunsare i3I1JHlen.." a np08111H~~1I1Te: rV\ai{eJJ.ol~I151, F\n6aHHSl, F\pMeHH$1, Apa6115! 11 np.),

CHa6J~ .EMHe 6e311!'10TlIOTO ql1<t)Mll epcxo uaceneuue C 3eMH, B3eTa or 3~t'<leBJJaA rul.HTe: f(Opc~Hlla npO"l:lHd aa J~aH b'illa1'a 01CTeMil U'LPXY OCIIO!jdTiJ ria npOrpeCI1BHO nonoXOAH~Ta CI1CTeMa.

n poe FI e W. e II ~I e: 6eJflJlClTilO 3<lJ],bml-tll1en!IU m,paOlld'ldliHO v()prl30tlql'I~le; 11"",JII-I11 caoriona l1a 06- Pi:l30BcIHleTo 11 pal1l-tOnpiH-lliOCT Ha I:lCI141<~1 Y'HlJH1w.a T eJ],HH H (blU, h : 1.0.; OCHOt.iliO"fO 11 cpenuo o6p<noiljjH~H! J\3 craae lid r'laTepH~UI e: l'of\. «aro ce 113y'lafji:l

·1 '" o,pl1lJ,J.1aJIIII1 ~I u cperuurre Y'lllm:Ll(il. Y npaaneuaero Hi.1 HJl~110HdJlIlI1Te Y'IHJ1J.1Ll~a ce nOtjq)~IBd ria 06JlaCTHIi y'le611 H CbBeTl-1, 'Hl~1TO -meuoae C~ v130l-1pcH OT aa!J,f."\I-1TC. Paanpenerreuue ua 610AH{CTo 3d I-WpO.U,H2lT<l npocee'ra nponopuaoa JlHO C lhlCl1eHOCTTd fHI ua-

, , u,H~1Te.

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B 0 Ii C 1< Cl T;'. napnUlTa ce 6op",' sa M~,mHIJ,1l0HHiHa CHCTeMa, HO l{CiTO' npexonaura cpapMa, 'T5t nprleMa paSHa soeaua nOBI1HIIOCT 3Et BCWIKH HalJ,klOuanuoc ra B rlMnepWna 6e3 pa3JU1Ka lia pemlHHl; n~eMaXBaHe AHBH3H~Ta .XaMHAHeu•

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