Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

A Study for the International Franchise Association Educational Foundation

Part II

By the National Economic Consulting Practice of PricewaterhouseCoopers
©2004 IFA Educational Foundation

The Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses In the United States

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Background--Franchised businesses generate a significant amount of economic activity in the United States. For that reason they stimulate still more economic activity in nonfranchised businesses. The purpose of this study is to measure the total economic impacts of franchised businesses for the latest year that that can be done (2001). The estimates pertain to the economies of the United States, every State, and every Congressional District.

What Happens In Franchised Businesses--Franchised businesses operated 767,483 establishments in the United States in 2001, counting both establishments owned by franchisees and establishments owned by franchisors. They provided 9,797,117 jobs, met a $229.1 billion payroll, and produced $624.6 billion of output. Hence, franchis ed businesses accounted for 7.4 percent of all private-sector jobs, 5.0 percent of all privatesector payrolls, and 3.9 percent of all private-sector output. To indicate economic size in a different way, franchised businesses employed about the same number of people in 2001 as did all manufacturers of durable goods, such as computers, cars, trucks, planes, communications equipment, primary metals, wood products, and instruments.

What Happens Because of Franchised Businesses—The economic impact of franchising goes beyond activities inside franchised businesses, because their purchases and the personal purchases of their owners and workers make non- franchised businesses bigger. Thus, the total impact of franchising was to create 18,121,595 jobs (13.7 percent of all private-sector jobs) and $506.6 billion of payroll (11.1 percent of all private-sector payroll) in 2001. In very round terms, economic activity in franchised businesses generated about the same amount of additional activity in non- franchised businesses.

Prevalence of Business Format Franchising—Business format franchising was more prevalent than product distribution franchising in 2001, accounting for about 4.3 times as many establishments and 4 times as many jobs. Franchisees owned most (76 percent) of the establishments that operated under a business format franchise. Business format franchises operated more establishments, met a greater payroll, and generated more output in Business Services than in any other single line of business; Quick Service

Restaurants hired more people. Automotive and Truck Dealers provided the most jobs and greatest payroll among product distribution franchises.

States and Congressional Districts—Franchised businesses operate in every Congressional District. Jobs and payrolls in franchised businesses were greatest in California, Texas, Florida, and Illinois in 2001. Relative to the size of the statewide economy, franchising had the greatest impact on jobs and payrolls in Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Florida, and Mississippi.

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3 . A business may consist of more than one establishment. it is a study of the economic activity generated by and because of franchisors and franchisees who are engaged in business format franchising or product distribution franchising. this Extended Summary of the Results. The rest of the report consists of text—an Executive Summary. Background to the Study Introduction This is a study of the economic impact of franchising in the United States. More particularly. 105 relating to the economies of the States and District of Columbia [Views S(1)-S(105)]. Objectives Activities in franchised businesses. We measure the— • Number of establishments An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted or services or industrial operations are performed. The International Franchise Association Educational Foundation commissioned the National Economic Consulting practice of PricewaterhouseCoopers to perform the study.S.—The first objective of this report is to estimate the amount of economic activity that occurs in franchised businesses. and an Appendix that addresses technical subjects. and 436 relating to Congressional Districts and the District of Columbia [Views CD(1)CD(436)]. An establishment may be owned by the franchisor or the franchisee. The report consists almost entirely of tables of estimates of economic impacts. In all. economy [Views US(1)-US(5)]. there are 546 tables: five relating to the U.The Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses In the United States EXTENDED SUMMARY OF THE RESULTS A.

Number of jobs Jobs are positions filled by part-time and full-time employees or by selfemployed individuals. Annual payroll Payroll includes not only wages and salaries, but also commissions, vacation and sick- leave pay, fringe benefits, and all other forms of compensation. Annual output The output of a business is the value of goods and services it produces. In general, in federal input-output analyses output is very much like sales revenue; except in retailing and wholesaling, output is measured by the difference between sales revenue and cost of goods sold (or "margin").

We measure these economic quantities— • • • For the United States, aggregating all franchised businesses in the nation Separately for each State and the District of Columbia, aggregating all franchised businesses in a State Separately for each Congressional District, aggregating all franchised businesses in a Congressional District

Activities occurring because of franchised businesses.—The second objective of this report is to estimate the amount of economic activity that occurs because of franchised businesses. Franchised businesses purchase products and services from other businesses, which employ more workers and make larger payrolls in order to fill the orders from franchised businesses. Likewise, the employees and owners of franchised businesses spend their incomes on products and services from other businesses, which employ more workers and make larger payrolls on that account. In describing the amount of economic activity that occurs because of franchised businesses we combine activity in franchised businesses with the additional activity it stimulates in other businesses. For example, if the $1000 of output of a franchised business results in an additional $700 of output in other businesses we report that $1700 of output occurs because of franchised businesses. (In other economic studies the $1000 is sometimes called the “direct impact,” the $700 is called the “indirect impact” or “ripple effect,” and the $1700 is called the “total impact.”)

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Thus we estimate the— • • • Number of jobs filled because of franchised businesses Size of payrolls met because of franchised bus inesses Value of output produced because of franchised businesses

We report these economic quantities— • • • For the United States Separately for each State and the District of Columbia Separately for each Congressional District

Detail by business model, line of business, and ownership.—The other objectives of this report are to— • • • Differentiate the economic contributions of companies that follow the product distribution model from those that follow the business format model. Differentiate, among business format franchises, the contributions of franchisorowned establishments and franchisee-owned establishments. Estimate economic activity in franchised businesses operating in 13 lines of business. The table on page s 8 and 9 below lists the 13 lines of business and partially notes their constituents. A detailed crosswalk that links lines of business with codes in the North American Industrial Classification System is in the Appendix.

Methods Data processing required.—To our knowledge, the statistics that are presented in this report are not available anywhere else. To derive them we have fit together and processed data from several major sources. Each source contributes something, but no source has everything. Our technical procedures are described in greater detail in the Appendix.

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Measuring activity in franchised businesses.—We use three databases that contain different types of economic information about business establishments in every industry and every county of the country: • • • County Business Patterns, produced by the U.S. Bureau of the Census Nonemployer Statistics, produced by the U.S. Bureau of the Census IMPLAN, produced by the Minnesota IMPLAN Group

Used together, these databases provide a systematic, comprehensive, and detailed accounting of establishments, jobs, payroll, and output. However, the y do not identify which establishments are franchis ed businesses and which are not. Therefore, to obtain our estimates of franchise activity, we meld the databases with two other sources that indicate franchising activity—namely, • • MarketPlace CD-Rom, produced by Dun & Bradstreet A Survey conducted in 2003 by the International Franchise Association Educational Foundation

We use the latest version of every source of data as it stood going into 2004, which has the result that the statistics we compute are oriented to economic activity that occurred in 2001.

Measuring activity occurring because of franchised businesses.—We use the economic modeling system developed by the Minnesota IMPLAN Group in order to estimate the additional economic activity that occurs outside of franchised businesses because of the economic activity that occurs inside franchised businesses. IMPLAN is a well known tool of its kind and is similar to the Regional Input-Output Modeling System developed by the U.S. Department of Commerce. IMPLAN is built around an “input-output” table in which are recorded the purchases that each industry has made from other industries in past years. When economic activity occurs in a franchised business, purchases are made in other industries according to the patterns recorded in the input-output table. These purchases in turn spark still more purchases, and so on. Meanwhile, employees and business owners make personal purchases out of the additional income that is generated by this process, sending more new demands rippling through the input-output table. When these iterations are complete, the model will have calculated the jobs, payroll, and output that occur throughout the economy because of the franchised business.

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For an example of a different kind. However. whereas the actual district includes only a portion of Fairfax County (plus all of the other jurisdictions mentioned). Falls Church City. In such cases the levels of economic activity in franchised businesses that we compute for the Congressional District exceed those in the actual district.Special note about Congressional Districts. Clark County. The exact mapping of counties into Congressional Districts is described in the Appendix. a “Congressional District” in this report means the collection of those whole counties any portion (other than a de minimis portion) of which falls in the actual district. The county. 7 . By necessity.—Our measures of economic activity in and because of franchised businesses are compiled for each county (or group of counties when complete data for a single county are not obtainable ) and hence aggregate to totals for each State. therefore. For example. in this study each District is defined as including all of Clark County. and Arlington County). the countylevel measures do not aggregate to a total for a Congressional District when a county falls into more than one Congressional District. in this research the 8th District of Virginia is defined as including all of Fairfax County (along with all of Alexandria City.level measures also aggregate to totals for a Congressional District when the district consists neatly of whole counties only. Nevada is actually comprised of all of the 1st and 3rd Districts plus some of the 2nd District.

services to buildings and dwellings. and waste mana gement and remediation services 3. Quick Service Restaurants Includes limited-service eating places. tax preparation and payroll services. convenience stores. Retail Products and Services Includes furniture and home furnishings stores. business transportation. food service contractors.Lines of Business Business Format Franchising 1. credit intermediation and related activities. personal and laundry services. caterers. facilities support services. Personal Services Includes educational services. clothing and general merchandise stores. and personal transportation 8 . and retail bakeries 6. health and personal care stores. carryout sandwich shops. motels. special trade contractors. self-storage units. real estate agents and brokers. Commercial and Residential Services Includes building. employment services. Lodging Includes hotels. cafeterias. heavy construction. tire dealers. photographic services. beverage bars. cookies. and property management and other related activities 8. and bagels 4. and other accommodations 7. Business Services Includes printing. entertainment and recreation. warehousing and storage. electronics and appliance stores. pizza delivery establishments. and heavy equipment leasing 10. florists and gift stores. Retail Food Includes food and beverage stores. ice cream parlors. and automotive repair and maintenance 2. data processing services. and carryout service shops with on-premises baking of donuts. Real Estate Includes lessors of buildings. and general contracting. automotive equipment rental and leasing. and book and music stores 9. fast-food restaurants. investigation and security services. loan brokers. insurance agencies and brokerages. Automotive Includes motor vehicle parts and supply stores. developing. consumer goods rentals. building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers. veterinary services. office administrative services. and other real estate. health care. Table/Full Service Restaurants 5.

and beer. beer and ale wholesalers. wine. and liquor stores 9 . Beverage Bottling Includes soft drink and bottled water manufacturing. Gasoline Service Stations 13. Automotive and Truck Dealers 12.Product Distribution Franchising 11.

stampings. motion pictures and videos. and other transportation equipment. and real estate). trucks. engines and other industrial equipment and machinery. 10 . and stone.B. construction industry. and other fabricated metal products. Looking at other points of reference. and glass products. and telecommunications carriers and resellers). medical. business establishments. lumber and wood products.6 billion These businesses accounted for 3. cars. hardware. franchised businesses provided more jobs in 2001 than the financial activities industry (including banks. clay. Franchising in the United States: Measures of Economic Significance < Detailed estimates for this section are in Views US(1) – US(5) > Economic Activity In Franchised Businesses There were 767.483 establishments in franchise systems in the United States in 2001. planes. franchised businesses probably provide more jobs than durable goods manufacturers at present.S. insurance carriers. controlling.4 percent of all private-sector jobs 5. or information industry (including software and print publishing. basic steel and other primary metals.1 billion Produced output worth $624. Because of the post-2001 decline in manufacturing employment. furniture and fixtures. radio and television broadcasting.2 percent of all U.117 jobs Provided an annual payroll of $229. [View US(1)] These businesses directly— • • • Provided 9. lighting and other electronic equipment. Their economic activity accounted for— • • • 7.9 percent of all private-sector output As a point of reference. Durable goods include computers. and other instruments.0 percent of all private-sector payrolls 3.797. franchised businesses provided about the same number of jobs in the United States in 2001 as did the manufacturers of durable goods. communications.

6 billion of payroll.3 times as many establishments operated under the business format model Business format franchising employed 4 times as many workers Business format franchising generated 2. for it stimulates still more activity and causes many nonfranchised businesses to be bigger. franchised businesses in the United States were the cause of— • • • 18.000 7.335. Department of Labor. or 11. —Comparing business format franchis ing to product distribution franchis ing [View US(3)] — • • • • About 4.45).121.5 times the payroll Business format franchising produced nearly 3 times as much output 11 .000 Source: U.595 jobs. To use a very round approximation. Economic Activity Because of Franchised Businesses The economic significance of franchising is greater than indicated by the activity in franchised businesses alone. payroll (2.797.826.5 percent of private-sector output The ratios of activity caused by franchised businesses to activity in franchised businesses are different for jobs (1.000 9. Business Model and Lines of Business Overview. [View US(2)] Counting economic results both inside and outside of franchising.1 percent of private-sector payrolls $1.85).Employment by Economic Sector in 2001 Information Construction Financial activities Franchised businesses Durable goods manufacturing 3.629.7 percent of private-sector employment $506.21). economic activity in franchised businesses stimulates about an equal amount of additional activity in non.000 10. or 9. for data other than franchised businesses.53 trillion of output. and output (2.S. or 13.807.franchised businesses.000 6.

14. Business Format Franchising. franchisee-owned establishments provided more jobs (71 percent of jobs in business format franchising). $137. which provided 2.663 jobs.2 percent) and Table/Full Service Restaurants (13.343 jobs were created. Taking the broader view and including economic activity that exists because of franchised businesses.1 percent).161. Lodging. and $374. franchising was the most significant contributor in Quick Service Restaurants (56. and $1.—Business format franchising was economically significant in 10 lines of business in 2001.0 billion of output. • • • 12 .211 establishments. 24 percent were owned by the franchisor. Judged by the ratio of franchised establishments to all establishments in a line of business.960.787. Quick Service Restaurants hired more people. Similarly. Business Services.4 billion in payroll was distributed.252 jobs were created. met a greater payroll.15 trillion of output was produced because of business format franchises. Product distribution franchising was the model in 145. Commercial and Residential Services. Lodging (18. [View US(4)] • Most establishments (76 percent) that use the business format model were owned by the franchisee.2 billion of output was produced because of product distribution franchises. provided $162. Retail Food (14.3 percent). and Personal Services. Thus. overwhelmingly so in these lines: Automotive. 3.9 billion in payroll. $369. Business Services accounted for more establishments.272 establishments. payroll (77 percent). Retail Food. Likewise. and generated more output than any other single line of business. The same four lines were also at the top when comparing the ratio of jobs (or payroll) in franchised businesses to jobs (or payroll) in all companies operating in a line of business. business format franchising employed about as many people in 2001 as the financial activities industry. Franchisee-owned establishments outnumbered company-owned establishments in every line of business. and output (76 percent) than franchisor-owned establishments. provided $66.454 jobs.2 billion in payroll was distributed. and produced $164. These establishments provided 7.009. Real Estate.2 billion in payroll.2 percent). and produced $460.Business format franchising was the model in 622.6 billion of output.

—Product distribution franchising was economically significant in three lines of business in 2001. and payroll. [View US(5)] Product distribution franchising dominated the line of business called Automotive and Truck Dealers. 13 . Consequently.1 percent of all jobs and payroll in the line. The reason is that federal economic statistics are not available for that line of business alone.9 percent of all business establishments and 88. It was also the major business model for Gasoline Service Stations. activity levels in franchised establishments that bottle beverages must be compared with levels in a considerably larger industry that includes the bottling of beverages.Product Distribution Franchising. accounting for 31. in which product distribution franc hising accounted for more than half of establishments. jobs. Product distribution franchising is more important to Beverage Bottling than can be shown in the “% line of business” row of View US(5).

Mississippi.C.2 billion). Florida. New Mexico.0 billion). Illinois (853. Texas (1. Florida ($32. Illinois ($27. and Missouri. the payrolls distributed because of franchised businesses were greatest in California ($62. and New York ($23. and New York. Payroll The impact of franchis ing on payrolls in the States tracked its impact on jobs in 2001.517).256. and Oklahoma were close to the top in terms of the percentage impact of franchising on jobs in the State. Mississippi.9 billion).1 percent of Nevada’s private-sector payrolls. [View S(2)] Considered relative to the size of a State’s economy. Franchising in the States: Measures of Economic Significance < Detailed estimates for this section are in Views S(1) – S(105) > Jobs The number of jobs in franchised businesses in 2001 was greatest in California. 914. Arizona.061). [View S(1)] Considered relative to the size of a State’s economy. franchising had the greatest impact on jobs in Nevada.2 billion). Texas ($39. franchising had the greatest impact on payrolls in Nevada. 14 . Illinois. The payrolls met in franchised businesses were greatest in California.3 billion).826). Jobs filled because of franchised businesses were 20. Likewise. Wyoming. Florida.387. Florida (1. Jobs created because of franchised businesses were at least 10 percent of the privatesector workforce in all but four States and the District of Columbia.489). Tennessee.0 percent of Nevada’s private-sector workforce. Florida. Payrolls distributed because of franchised businesses were at least 10 percent of the private-sector payroll in all but 10 States and the District of Columbia. Texas. Texas. This percentage was also relatively high in Arizona. The number of jobs created because of franchised businesses was greatest in those same States: California (1. Illinois. where payrolls distributed because of franchised businesses were 19. Florida. New Mexico. and Ohio (782.065). and Ohio.

Relationships that were noticed in the U. There is a separate view for each State and the District of Columbia. [View S(3)] Franchising was especially important to output in Nevada. when gauged against all private-sector output in those States. Texas. 15 . Illinois ($79. and Maryland. Florida. • Congressional Districts The number of jobs that existed in each Congressional District of a State in 2001.Output In 2001 the value of output produced in franchised businesses was greatest in California. Output produced because of franchised businesses was at its highest in these States. Florida.0 billion). Texas ($121. The views are ordered alphabetically. output produced because of franchised business made up at least 10 percent of the private-sector output in 20 States. New Mexico. Likewise.1 billion). economy recurred in the State economies as well. Overall.S. Florida ($105. and New York ($72. The views are ordered alphabetically.2 billion). both in franchised businesses and because of franchised businesses. Business format franchising also provided more jobs than product distribution franchising. are shown in Views S(55) – S(105). Business Model and Ownership Details concerning the respective economic activities in and because of business format and product distribution franchis ing and in franchisee-owned establishments and franchisor-owned establishments are shown in Views S(4) – S(54). the value of output produced because of franchised businesses was greatest in California ($187. Arizona. There is a separate view for each State and the District of Columbia. and New York.1 billion). Franchisee-owned establishments outnumbered franchisor-owned establishments and also provided more jobs. In every State— • There were more establishments operating under the business format model than the product distribution model.4 billion). Illinois.

A view displays the number of establishments and the extent of employment. Franchising in Cong ressional Districts: Measures of Economic Significance < Detailed estimates for this section are in Views CD(1) – CD(435) > Estimates of the economic significance of franchising in a Congressional District in 2001 are shown in Views CD(1) – CD(435). View CD(1) is for the 1st district of Alabama. View CD(2) is for the 2nd district of Alabama. The employment. As explained above under Special note about Congressional Districts. The views are ordered alphabetically by State and numerically within States. and output occurring in the district because of franchised businesses are also shown. payroll. 16 . The business format franchising estimates are shown separately for franchisee-owned and franchisor-owned establishments. payroll. This convention is necessary because the federal data that support this report are generally reported at the county level. and so on. and output in franchised businesses in a Congressional District in 2001. a Congressional District in this report means the collection of those whole counties any portion of which (other than a de minimis portion) falls in the actual congressional district. Therefore. There is a separate view for every district. Those estimates are displayed separately for business format franchis ing and product distribution franchis ing.D.

Data pertain to 2001 . or 5.9 % 3.6 billion per year. Ø We include in “franchised businesses” all those establishments that are part of a franchise system – those businesses owned by franchisees and those owned by the franchisor. Ø Franchised business produce goods and services worth $624.6 billion 767. Ø Franchised businesses supply an annual payroll of $229.483 franchised business establishments in the United States.S.2 % Ø There are 767.0 percent of all private-sector payrolls in the United States.117 jobs and employ 7.9 percent of private-sector output in the United States. Ø Franchised bus inesses provide 9.797.4 percent of the national private-sector workforce. or 3.483 Percent of U.0 % 3.1 billion $ 624.797.S. Private Sector 7.VIEW US(1) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses DIRECT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE U.1 billion. ECONOMY In Franchised Business Jobs Payroll Output Establishments 9.117 $ 229.4 % 5.

As this cycle repeats.6 billion of annual payrolls and 11.53 trillion of annual output and 9.595 $ 506. private-sector jobs. Ø Franchised businesses are the cause of 18.1 % 9.S. payroll and output that exist because of franchised businesses grow beyond the jobs.6 billion $ 1. ECONOMY Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll Output 18.595 jobs and 13.S.7 percent of all U. and other businesses. owners.53 trillion Percent of U.5 % Ø Franchised businesses provide income to their workers. Private Sector 13. Data pertain to 2001 . Ø Franchised businesses are the cause of $1.5 percent of all private-sector output in the United States. who then spend it and create still more income for other parties.S.VIEW US(2) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE U.121. the jobs.121. Ø Franchised businesses are the cause of $506.7 % 11.1 percent of all private-sector payrolls in the United States. payroll and output that are in franchised businesses alone.

9 % 27.272 In Franchised Businesses Product Distribution Percent BF 2.787.4 % 18.161.9 % 26.5 % 28.161. or 4 times as many as product distribution franchising. Ø Product distribution franchising is the cause of 3.9 % Business Format Jobs Payroll Output 14. Ø Business format franchising is the cause of 14. Ø Business format franchising provides 7.9 billion $ 460.787.343 $ 137.454 $ 162.9 % 75.663 $ 66.272 establishments and product distribution franchising accounts for 145.2 billion $ 164.1 % Percent PD 20. Data pertain to 2001 .454 jobs.252 $ 369.5 % 71.2 billion $ 374.211 establishments.960.1 % 24.5 % Percent PD 21.6 % 81.252 jobs in the United States.1 % 72.1 % 73.2 billion 78.343 jobs in the United States.0 billion Because of Franchised Businesses Product Distribution Percent BF 3.151.009.6 billion 145.VIEW US(3) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses BUSINESS FORMAT AND PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES Business Format Jobs Payroll Output Establishments 7.960.5 % Ø Business format franchising accounts for 622.0 billion 622.4 billion $ 1.211 79.

Data pertain to 2001 . met a greater payroll.833 144.324 1.450 18.2 billion $ 37.4 % $ 18.4 billion $ 8.6 billion $ 7.6 billion $ 5.3 % Lodging Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 34.659 21.242 2.566 79.2 billion $ 15.1 % Ø Business format franchising is economically significant in 10 lines of business.547.828 20.303 38.2 billion N/A 17.0 billion N/A 1.3 billion $ 26.0 % $ 0.524 82.9 % $ 5. there are more establishments that are owned by franchisees than by the franchisor.961 13. and generated more output than any other single line of business.616 24. Ø Franchised establishments are the greatest percentage of all line-of-business establishments in Quick Service Restaurants.0 billion $ 19.0 % $ 2. Quick Service Restaurants hired more people.4 billion $ 60. and Retail Food. Ø Business Services accounted for more establishments. Ø In total.7 billion $ 11.7 billion $ 29.622 18.189.2 % Table/Full Service Restaurants Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 461.4 % Payroll Output Establishments $ 12.7 billion N/A 61.VIEW US(4) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses LINES OF BUSINESS AND OWNERSHIP OF BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES Jobs Quick Service Restaurants Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 1.126 493.386 399. Lodging.681 21.231 433.8 billion 79.357 56. and in every line of business.3 billion $ 106.6 billion $ 27.736.1 billion 23.0 % $ 46.3 billion 21.554 954.

285 1.522 597.143 148.9 billion 16.6 billion $ 23.108 3.7 billion $ 45.4 % $ 8.3 billion $ 100.5 billion $ 9.303 45.358 160.4 billion $ 4.2 billion $ 53.750 134.3 % Real Estate Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 6.0 billion 7.7 billion 4.2 % Automotive Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 21.2 billion $ 28.118 24.8 % $ 1.365 1.2 billion N/A 1.586 5.254 127.9 % $ 3.127 142.6 billion $ 3.2 billion $ 13.155 29.9 % $ 0.5 % Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW US(4) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses LINES OF BUSINESS AND OWNERSHIP OF BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES Jobs Retail Food Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 81.9 billion N/A 6.9 billion $ 11.8 billion N/A 25.0 % $ 19.338.235 39.788 515.1 billion N/A 4.5 billion $ 4.3 billion $ 8.8 billion 5.6 billion $ 119.311 16.8 % Payroll Output Establishments $ 1.2 billion $ 4.539 14.9 % Business Services Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 215.771 4.397 6.209 28.0 % $ 1.637 28.644 148.300 1.0 billion $ 29.123.755 4.3 billion $ 20.9 % $ 0.

6 billion $ 26.4 billion $ 349.9 billion $ 110.1 billion $ 8.272 Data pertain to 2001 .0 % $ 0.3 billion $ 17.041 54.004 474.634 7.7 billion $ 6.284.0 billion $ 8.010 297.0 billion 148.9 % Commercial and Residential Services Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 6.2 billion $ 8.992 42.3 billion $ 20.2 % Personal Services Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 134.5 billion $ 17.268 622.5 billion N/A 9.2 billion 2.982 237.793 2.537 619.785 45.7 % Payroll Output Establishments $ 2.6 billion $ 460.820 5.3 % $ 11.7 billion $ 21.744 1.2 billion $ 51.VIEW US(4) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses LINES OF BUSINESS AND OWNERSHIP OF BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES Jobs Retail Products & Services Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total % of line of business 134.4 % $ 4.454 $ 36.8 billion 3.108 37.636 38.8 billion N/A 18.3 billion 2.3 billion $ 62.174 61.166 2.1 billion $ 162.6 % $ 6.502.1 % $ 0.160 244.826 0.257 753.8 billion N/A 1.4 billion $ 14.580 431.0 % All Business Format Franchises Franchisor owned Franchisee owned Total 2.787.8 billion $ 126.142 2.590 3.

9 % $ 0. meet a greater payroll.7 billion 7.VIEW US(5) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses LINES OF BUSINESS IN PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES Jobs Payroll Output Establishments Automotive & Truck Dealers 1.0 % Beverage Bottling 22. Gasoline Service Stations operate more establishments. Data pertain to 2001 .682 % of line of business 56.0 % $ 41.9 % Ø Product distribution franchising is economically significant in three lines of business. and generate more output than any other single line of business.4 % $ 7.263 31.595 5.906 % of line of business 88.458.2 billion N/A 60.1 % $ 115.075 % of line of business 6.9 % Gasoline Service Stations 528.7 billion N/A 82.353 64.1 % $ 57.4 % $ 7. Ø Automotive and Truck Dealers provide more jobs.6 billion 88.9 billion 58.7 billion N/A 2.

415 96.8% 19.7% 16.370 166.065 353.6% 16.387 223.5% 13.6% 15.201 569.3% 16.8% Data pertain to 2001 .064 179.325 28.237 181.001.724 351.9% 14.593 15.992 Because of Franchised Businesses 285.072 353.268 16.843 200.4% 15.851 208.234 73.256.823 1.489 644.694 Jobs Caused by Franchising as Percent of State Jobs 15.485 35.285 171.0% 11.914.261 280.1% 14.205 77.196 181.099 430.6% 9.2% 10.274 28.0% 13.962 29.975 246.2% 16.VIEW S(1) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE STATES State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota In Franchised Businesses 162.256 119.846 337.949 96.866 66.694 1.594 294.517 428.2% 14.465 322.7% 14.0% 14.388 178.9% 12.4% 14.250 37.818 1.5% 12.0% 11.445 205.009 160.341 853.457 378.4% 10.587 41.688 459.249 48.806 112.586 616.2% 6.

370 70.050 1.570 548.1% 14.343 235. Tennessee.937 224.9% 16.0% 14.639 129.568 83.6% 14.8% 14.S. Total 105. Ø Employment caused by franchising is at least 10 percent of a State’s private-sector workforce in 46 States.117 184.722 60.642 30.175 448.364 57. Florida.Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming U.826 159.595 17.5% 15.262 376. Texas.797.7% 15.698 119.926 41.7% 18.265 54.2% 15. Illinois.655 24.358 442.003 160.7% 14.709 44.480 181.321 201.6% 15.0 percent of Nevada’s private-sector workforce.1% 9.4% 13.994 376.061 237. Mississippi.807 456.424 9.019 401. Arizona.190 18. and Oklahoma are close to the top in terms of the percentage impact of franchising on jobs in the State.6% 16.951 64.356 246.480 123.5% 16.560 30.387. Data pertain to 2001 .808 131.830 31.1% 16. and Ohio.121.797 78.177 213. Florida.540 206.145 782.3% 16.2% 20.457 16.664 699.0% 12.261 308. New Mexico.742 290.6% 15.881 705.294 756.1% 9.872 107.2% 11.631 35.1% 12.922 31.060 54. Ø Franchising has the greatest percentage impact on jobs in Nevada—jobs held because of franchising are 20.3% 16.884 284.9% 8.221 360.545 20.2% 12.2% 13.7% Ø The number of people employed because of franchised businesses is greatest in California.080 330.041 103.939 536.

8 6.6% 10.872.509.6 10.2 5.120.4 4.0% 9.VIEW S(2) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND PAYROLLS IN THE STATES State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan In Franchised Businesses (in $ millions) $ 3.4 26.620.355.8 2.7 10.6 427.4% 7.7% 8.105.707.5% 9.5 6.7% 13.757.042.8% 12.867.224.7 7.5 4.292.970.1% 11.8% 12.869.6 Payroll Caused by Franchising as Percent of State Payroll 12.3% 13.029.976.3 12.954.8 812.715.2% 8.158.5 15.670.2 5.9 1.4% 12.467.8 7.6 838.0 4.9% Data pertain to 2001 .1 898.919.1 62.8% 4.8 3.0% 12.208.7 11.569.258.8% 17.701.770.7% 12.7% 11.0 1.3% 13.9 5.9 2.5 1.0 1.5 3.1 17.3 11.781.457.0% 12.4% 8.7% 13.1 3.639.1 27.6 785.7 1.6 13.121.2 995.7 11.000.114.017.2 32.633.3 3.2 6.780.9 786.595.1 474.4 Because of Franchised Businesses (in $ millions) $ 6.4% 14.2 4.408.

0 586. and New York.5 1.820.3 19.267.861.7% 13.0% 11.3 3.1% 10.6 9.504. Texas.9 6.S.0 9. Total 5.619.3% 5.1 percent of Nevada’s total private-sector payrolls.221.6 440.Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming U.542. Ø Franchising makes the greatest percentage impact on payrolls in Nevada—payrolls met because of franchising are 19.860.1% 13.5% 11.4% 12.283.9 6.5 14.290.3 8.0 1.2 1.256.089.9% 8.2 11.1 23.977.0 3.251.725.1 17.3 6.186.040.0% 12.1 3.5 2.520.5 5.5 13.854.550.8 2.2 4.459.5 3.889.6 5.8% 12.3% 10. Ø Payrolls caused by franchising are at least 10 percent of a State’s private-sector payrolls in 40 States.848.209.9 9.7 1.1 6.5 1.754.3 353.615.174.874.454.3 1.699.4 478.3% 16.9 2.189.694.0% 10.716.5% 14.7 1.6% 8.463.0 2.086.2 1.0 1.8 565.8% 9.1% 12.2 734.9% 13.1 $ 506.0 4.492.657.6 19.5 5.066.240.5 11.023.7 2.9% 11.4% 12.5 12.2 2. Florida.078.060.5% 19.7% 11.1 893.435.0 11.0 39.4% 15.5% 14.532.420.410.5 5.326.7% 14.1% Ø Payrolls met because of franchised businesses are greatest in California.0 6.1 14.8% 14.1 $ 229.1% 13.4 10. Illinois. Data pertain to 2001 .1% 12.5 745.094.6 1.412.227.

6 8.035.228.111.0 5.974.4 1.1 36.7 5.2 33.597.0 4.VIEW S(3) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND OUTPUT IN THE STATES State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Because of In Franchised Franchised Businesses Businesses (in $ millions) (in $ millions) $ 8.7% 11.359.3 187.821.1 9.4 18.8 31.6% 8.4 7.4% 9.918.451.356.427.7 43.4 12.8 11.0% Data pertain to 2001 .4 22.5% 8.0 1.1% 8.8% 10.7% 11.6 13.762.2 13.5% 6.1% 12.6 18.666.5% 10.648.8 105.7 12.0 74.6 12.542.747.300.292.1% 8.1% 14.4 13.3% 11.130.848.0 Output Caused by Franchising as Percent of State Output 10.2 5.1 14.7 2.426.512.7 6.262.949.3 14.3 31.3 54.8% 10.5 4.137.042.399.837.0 32.972.942.412.355.275.793.0% 5.9 18.6 2.216.022.2% 7.965.5% 9.1 21.7% 9.1 38.3% 14.361.2 31.2 79.5 2.8% 7.195.5 959.3 2.965.1% 7.1 2.8% 9.9 4.002.2% 7.7 $ 20.155.178.420.2 30.269.263.210.

494.1 2.440.5 9.6% 9.2% 12.229.9 1.0 56.3 11.181.8 29.190.0 20.7 6.004.7 2.3 3.8% 10.3 12.4% 9.1% 11.453.8% 10.320. Ø Franchising makes the great percentage impact on output in Nevada—output produced because of franchised businesses is 17.0 44.627.2 24.280.1% 11.737.9% 8.S.165.843.768.5% 9.3 26.534.526.0% 7.8 20.0 42.4% 10.7 1.3 4.807.1 $ 624.347. and New York.058.355.474.8 12.331.7 3.4 28.883.296.856.189.326.2 18. Total 5.1 6.5 8.581. Data pertain to 2001 .928.819.300.8% 17.9 48.3% 9.1% 11.809.7 8.2 17.4 3.105.755.814.0% 8.438.8 42.5% Ø The value of output produced because of franchised businesses is greatest in California.6 17.3 7.2 15.897.5 59.4 6.8 121.4 988.477.6 $ 1.463.275.3 12.7 1.711.2 11.7 3.1% 9.3 8.919.2% 9.5% 8.5 24.156.494.8 922.213.1 percent of Nevada’s total private-sector output.945.602.2% 6.5 4.1 13.7 72.7% 9.746. Florida.4 18.767. Illinois.6% 9. Ø Franchised businesses are the cause of at least 10 percent of a State’s private-sector output in 20 States.9 37.025.1% 9.9 1.3 2.724.6% 8.188.3 35.7% 13.7% 8.7% 8.132.9 2.5% 7.Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming U.6 15.307.5 2.358. Texas.

304 $ 1.970 $ 4.099 $ 956 $ 2.826 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 127.908 $ 5.VIEW S(4) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ALABAMA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 162.593 285.163 223.509 $ 8.274 $ 3.023 13.031 Data pertain to 2001 .929 96.661 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 35.663 61.494 $ 2.722 $ 1.319 $ 4.565 $ 444 $ 1.543 $ 20.122 $ 6.132 8.162 10.166 $ 6.362 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 30.381 3.601 $ 14.843 2.

159 9.705 $ 147 $ 300 193 6.523 $ 47 $ 234 $ 113 $ 546 221 947 Data pertain to 2001 .168 21.099 $ 428 $ 899 $ 959 $ 2.682 $ 281 $ 660 1.934 $ 297 $ 691 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 2.300 1.VIEW S(5) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ALASKA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 15.361 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 11.165 $ 602 $ 1.609 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 3.387 28.

943 $ 8.154 $ 7.497 $ 739 $ 2.581 133.078 $ 3.272 $ 10.342 $ 3.128 2.398 $ 26.480 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 44.949 430.VIEW S(6) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ARIZONA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 223.059 340.748 16.114 $ 11.487 $ 4.670 $ 14.229 $ 36.870 $ 1.627 $ 10.268 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 45.450 89.101 14.201 10.285 $ 5.859 Data pertain to 2001 .947 3.510 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 179.888 $ 2.

660 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 19.757 $ 4.VIEW S(7) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ARKANSAS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 96.787 $ 240 $ 1.872 1.421 Data pertain to 2001 .818 $ 1.738 $ 1.956 $ 518 $ 1.767 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 16.951 59.669 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 76.694 171.373 $ 2.781 $ 3.025 $ 2.732 $ 8.037 34.226 2.632 137.023 $ 724 $ 2.426 8.263 $ 3.596 6.821 $ 11.211 5.446 $ 1.

683 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 260.613 50.041 $ 19.195 $ 187.466 $ 17.154 408.848 $ 4.VIEW S(8) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN CALIFORNIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 1.208 $ 62.224 $ 74.058 $ 20.599 $ 44.535 $ 13.367 $ 137.505.716 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 209.426 13.574 Data pertain to 2001 .751 $ 40.187 1.018 16.193 531.615 $ 14.196 1.150 $ 53.857 $ 49.399 80.155 $ 8.001.065 $ 27.914.340 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 792.770 67.

378 $ 1.036 $ 3.157 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 30.708 $ 11.996 Data pertain to 2001 .415 353.842 10.402 13.029 $ 12.681 $ 2.513 $ 727 $ 2.401 2.178 $ 32.001 $ 7.628 $ 6.707 $ 8.813 $ 2.156 15.662 58.539 $ 9.838 294.999 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 39.388 $ 4.524 111.169 $ 2.VIEW S(9) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN COLORADO All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 181.777 1.500 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 151.401 $ 25.

206 1.506 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 22.803 $ 13.631 6.643 41.597 8.135 $ 4.633 $ 7.962 178.188 Data pertain to 2001 .186 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 74.830 $ 5.754 $ 1.043 $ 6.285 55.971 $ 424 $ 1.356 5.293 $ 4.256 $ 2.544 136.VIEW S(10) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN CONNECTICUT All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 96.249 $ 3.496 1.837 $ 18.956 $ 1.706 $ 865 $ 2.091 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 18.178 $ 5.

VIEW S(11) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN DELAWARE All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 29.993 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 7.042 $ 4.281 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 21.268 48.980 $ 562 $ 1.288 $ 224 $ 623 534 12.087 444 1.467 $ 2.325 $ 786 $ 1.283 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 6.304 15.113 $ 1.212 $ 405 $ 1.747 36.419 1.275 2.676 $ 120 $ 441 $ 332 $ 1.303 Data pertain to 2001 .062 $ 2.

004 301 549 Data pertain to 2001 .973 976 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 15.361 $ 2.823 $ 475 $ 995 $ 1.VIEW S(12) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 16.586 28.028 $ 26 $ 82 127 1.510 $ 56 $ 176 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 4.313 $ 939 $ 2.036 $ 98 $ 351 $ 275 $ 1.797 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 1.279 849 27.559 $ 448 $ 1.523 11.

579 $ 9.698 30.186 $ 7.VIEW S(13) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN FLORIDA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 616.854 $ 20.489 $ 13.256.673 $ 9.326 984.130 344.677 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 489.051 $ 4.801 $ 29.189 9.919 $ 38.724 1.043 40.292 $ 105.498 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 127.621 $ 32.909 $ 23.249 10.628 Data pertain to 2001 .351 271.118 $ 75.002 50.184 $ 6.251 $ 11.504 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 145.370 $ 27.544 $ 2.

917 16.167 $ 5.250 644.513 27.749 190.478 Data pertain to 2001 .397 22.546 $ 5.873 $ 17.790 $ 4.704 $ 2.396 527.892 5.992 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 96.234 $ 7.504 $ 11.876 $ 41.094 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 287.797 $ 1.443 $ 4.521 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 63.262 $ 4.VIEW S(14) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN GEORGIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 351.794 $ 54.397 4.705 $ 16.569 $ 21.444 $ 12.693 $ 12.698 116.

322 $ 462 $ 1.883 $ 1.234 $ 633 $ 1.587 73.351 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 9.354 $ 206 $ 527 279 12.701 Data pertain to 2001 .538 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 31.205 $ 839 $ 1.145 22.259 60.089 $ 143 $ 490 $ 447 $ 1.262 2.830 2.357 $ 6.493 $ 4.383 558 1.911 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 6.955 $ 2.VIEW S(15) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN HAWAII All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 37.

607 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 7.211 $ 3.609 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 9.613 $ 1.130 $ 5.445 3.216 3.135 $ 108 $ 432 $ 308 $ 1.249 58.VIEW S(16) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN IDAHO All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 41.341 $ 812 $ 1.728 $ 559 $ 1.731 $ 272 $ 685 578 18.688 77.957 $ 540 $ 1.821 24.138 661 2.828 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 31.588 Data pertain to 2001 .770 $ 2.

526 4.416 $ 25.291 $ 6.883 261.926 Data pertain to 2001 .210 33.942 $ 79.052 $ 9.125 $ 7.667 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 76.977 $ 31.985 $ 5.906 $ 15.923 $ 2.158 $ 26.071 $ 63.416 28.532 $ 21.112 7.543 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 121.169 $ 2.975 853.049 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 383.VIEW S(17) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ILLINOIS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 459.443 135.742 $ 6.517 $ 12.680 20.606 717.304 $ 19.

256 428.348 $ 3.665 3.653 $ 9.293 $ 7.356 16.733 $ 23.025 350.567 $ 3.866 $ 2.001 $ 10.408 $ 13.675 $ 7.689 $ 1.850 Data pertain to 2001 .318 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 45.175 10.394 147.112 $ 30.958 14.VIEW S(18) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN INDIANA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 246.038 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 53.388 $ 7.153 2.857 78.174 $ 787 $ 2.851 $ 5.882 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 200.463 $ 2.

944 $ 342 $ 1.181 Data pertain to 2001 .217 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 24.873 71.VIEW S(19) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN IOWA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 119.511 $ 3.409 7.817 $ 1.407 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 96.326 $ 991 $ 3.848 $ 13.732 6.354 $ 3.431 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 22.439 1.870 $ 5.356 $ 4.418 1.648 9.843 $ 2.989 $ 688 $ 1.913 169.806 208.668 $ 4.494 39.515 $ 10.332 $ 1.

940 $ 388 $ 1.516 $ 3.292 $ 4.815 7.076 $ 2.642 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 26.521 $ 535 $ 1.791 $ 11.757 $ 4.369 $ 1.868 $ 5.370 200.168 $ 3.745 $ 1.647 1.421 8.VIEW S(20) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN KANSAS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 112.439 172.775 Data pertain to 2001 .261 $ 2.909 68.568 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 95.665 5.128 27.151 1.779 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 16.966 $ 14.849 $ 1.

965 12.814 1.121 $ 6.970 96.009 280.594 $ 3.671 $ 4.770 $ 1.520 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 32.594 $ 4.VIEW S(21) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN KENTUCKY All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 166.657 227.862 $ 2.445 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 36.052 2.585 $ 4.399 9.665 $ 14.998 7.836 52.493 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 133.451 $ 18.892 $ 526 $ 1.259 $ 8.296 $ 6.923 $ 1.659 Data pertain to 2001 .147 $ 824 $ 2.

935 $ 6.781 $ 9.449 10.644 $ 1.742 2.925 65.706 $ 4.106 $ 6.565 Data pertain to 2001 .668 84.066 229.501 7.312 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 35.100 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 39.574 $ 2.586 $ 4.035 $ 22.586 2.992 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 124.846 $ 16.412 12.VIEW S(22) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN LOUISIANA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 160.280 $ 1.866 $ 3.485 294.911 $ 941 $ 2.165 $ 6.906 $ 521 $ 1.

VIEW S(23) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MAINE All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 35.702 $ 1.139 2.762 3.103 $ 104 $ 361 $ 270 $ 868 423 1.072 $ 785 $ 1.022 $ 1.030 $ 2.975 $ 4.050 $ 672 $ 1.125 43.382 $ 465 $ 1.682 $ 320 $ 836 889 23.702 Data pertain to 2001 .014 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 23.964 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 6.798 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 11.064 66.279 17.

755 2.195 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 136.415 $ 2.846 $ 4.530 $ 705 $ 2.237 353.313 $ 1.406 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 42.466 2.345 $ 7.716 $ 12.646 85.949 13.263 $ 31.501 $ 3.475 $ 3.549 268.VIEW S(24) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MARYLAND All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 179.042 $ 6.630 7.543 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 42.919 Data pertain to 2001 .595 $ 10.408 $ 22.120 $ 8.308 $ 9.924 $ 3.508 10.394 94.

138 13.328 $ 8.316 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 140.518 $ 9.151 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 41.333 $ 8.465 337.125 $ 24.448 77.457 $ 13.018 $ 11.063 2.750 3.523 7.856 $ 893 $ 2.VIEW S(25) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MASSACHUSETTS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 181.090 $ 3.868 259.427 $ 33.614 $ 7.376 $ 1.234 90.986 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 49.500 $ 3.677 9.625 $ 2.201 $ 5.346 Data pertain to 2001 .873 $ 3.

962 4.683 447.919 $ 43.360 23.851 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 256.891 $ 1.298 175.203 $ 13.VIEW S(26) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MICHIGAN All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 322.245 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 80.971 $ 18.257 $ 2.437 $ 5.457 $ 7.115 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 66.699 14.208 $ 3.490 4.467 $ 9.217 $ 4.240 $ 11.938 $ 12.429 19.188 $ 5.985 Data pertain to 2001 .032 $ 31.639 $ 15.995 $ 3.167 122.445 569.

600 1.154 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 36.193 $ 2.432 Data pertain to 2001 .432 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 169.845 $ 3.694 $ 5.269 15.503 316.115 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 51.066 13.174 $ 12.008 $ 2.066 $ 11.400 $ 8.929 62.992 378.424 118.526 $ 6.071 10.596 3.294 $ 2.667 $ 31.873 $ 10.146 $ 1.470 $ 7.VIEW S(27) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MINNESOTA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 205.421 $ 865 $ 3.648 $ 25.

370 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 22.368 143.213 $ 2.VIEW S(28) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MISSISSIPPI All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 105.068 $ 272 $ 985 $ 890 $ 2.531 $ 1.257 $ 3.854 $ 3.820 $ 5.343 184.834 6.513 2.463 59.174 $ 3.985 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 23.529 4.812 $ 597 $ 1.735 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 81.646 $ 8.347 $ 12.367 41.944 1.144 $ 1.839 Data pertain to 2001 .358 $ 1.355 8.

471 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 192.251 $ 13.620 11.066 $ 7.922 442.920 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 43.281 18.470 $ 9.364 $ 5.600 $ 8.846 $ 1.073 135.361 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 57.431 $ 3.185 $ 27.694 15.018 3.076 $ 3.VIEW S(29) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MISSOURI All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 235.093 3.010 76.712 $ 35.894 $ 3.461 365.003 $ 887 $ 3.095 $ 2.412 $ 12.982 $ 10.841 Data pertain to 2001 .

026 $ 396 $ 1.087 $ 67 $ 331 $ 175 $ 885 428 2.283 $ 1.737 2.308 $ 398 $ 1.612 $ 887 $ 2.525 44.693 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 7.494 $ 3.974 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 24.221 20.061 $ 188 $ 434 449 13.045 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 4.060 2.VIEW S(30) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MONTANA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 31.097 Data pertain to 2001 .639 $ 587 $ 1.370 57.

497 Data pertain to 2001 .455 $ 3.980 4.466 $ 7.681 43.373 $ 1.499 $ 359 $ 789 733 19.096 $ 2.868 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 15.769 $ 9.507 109.453 5.691 $ 232 $ 863 $ 673 $ 2.959 $ 744 $ 1.307 1.582 $ 2.VIEW S(31) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NEBRASKA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 70.009 3.239 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 59.210 $ 3.872 129.585 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 11.540 $ 1.

145 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(32) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NEVADA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 107.978 $ 8.192 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 91.729 $ 16.249 $ 3.233 $ 4.857 $ 388 $ 1.962 $ 2.926 206.657 $ 5.481 800 27.845 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 15.026 $ 20.564 $ 1.247 4.105 69.545 5.684 $ 1.186 $ 5.797 $ 2.494 6.359 1.964 $ 585 $ 1.072 $ 6.392 179.649 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 22.

305 949 27.173 $ 453 $ 1.551 50.859 22.017 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 5.892 $ 1.127 $ 966 $ 3.324 $ 3.072 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(33) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NEW HAMPSHIRE All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 41.928 $ 6.290 $ 2.177 78.019 $ 1.880 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 13.003 $ 607 $ 1.897 3.623 2.500 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 28.144 $ 113 $ 495 $ 305 $ 1.317 478 2.060 $ 2.

VIEW S(34) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NEW JERSEY All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 213,951 401,480 $ 6,542 $ 14,532 $ 17,603 $ 42,534 17,530 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 163,148 $ 4,561 $ 12,478 13,748 304,389 $ 10,265 $ 30,466 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 50,803 $ 1,981 $ 5,125 3,781 97,091 $ 4,267 $ 12,068

Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments

Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments

In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 45,677 117,472 $ 954 $ 3,607 $ 2,620 $ 9,858 3,033 10,716
Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(35) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NEW MEXICO All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 64,994 123,664 $ 1,256 $ 2,889 $ 3,320 $ 8,725 5,000 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 51,189 $ 855 $ 2,342 4,000 96,920 $ 2,011 $ 6,272 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 13,806 $ 402 $ 978 1,000 26,744 $ 878 $ 2,453

Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments

Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments

In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 9,998 41,190 $ 153 $ 701 $ 423 $ 1,919 698 3,302
Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(36) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NEW YORK All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 376,261 699,570 $ 10,187 $ 23,221 $ 28,767 $ 72,059 33,954 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 299,487 $ 7,424 $ 22,102 27,750 560,047 $ 17,071 $ 56,005 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 76,774 $ 2,763 $ 6,665 6,204 139,523 $ 6,151 $ 16,054

Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments

Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments

In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 87,714 211,773 $ 1,671 $ 5,753 $ 5,130 $ 16,972 8,009 19,741
Data pertain to 2001

885 $ 2.561 $ 12.655 548.643 18.316 $ 9.768 3.619 $ 13.633 5.276 $ 42.624 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 243.593 $ 2.874 121.927 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(37) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NORTH CAROLINA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 308.709 $ 6.875 $ 9.824 14.479 $ 968 $ 3.585 $ 29.291 180.749 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 64.690 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 63.058 $ 5.141 $ 12.392 $ 4.751 427.726 $ 18.770 $ 4.439 24.

007 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 6.161 $ 678 $ 2.943 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 18.175 44.041 $ 178 $ 362 276 10.145 $ 479 $ 1.156 $ 2.293 13.856 1.VIEW S(38) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NORTH DAKOTA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 24.134 $ 301 $ 795 1.985 $ 363 $ 849 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 4.284 Data pertain to 2001 .041 $ 1.668 33.841 $ 59 $ 242 $ 167 $ 627 384 1.

489 $ 6.790 642.871 4.703 $ 14.808 782.487 $ 5.591 $ 43.061 $ 9.949 $ 18.600 265.196 Data pertain to 2001 .319 $ 2.890 $ 1.472 $ 14.594 19.098 5.014 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 80.570 24.527 $ 5.436 $ 19.004 29.551 $ 24.441 $ 56.358 $ 4.962 139.960 $ 12.423 $ 4.990 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 102.752 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 368.VIEW S(39) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN OHIO All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 448.

463 $ 15.810 10.338 $ 1.410 $ 6.894 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 108.376 $ 1.791 $ 4.360 $ 713 $ 1.864 77.698 237.183 196.879 9.937 $ 2.011 7.648 2.474 $ 415 $ 1.126 $ 3.811 $ 1.172 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(40) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN OKLAHOMA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 131.694 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 30.452 $ 3.584 1.116 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 23.231 $ 3.711 41.504 $ 5.958 $ 12.

139 $ 3.964 166.808 10.817 8.881 $ 2.128 $ 1.184 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 30.942 58.906 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 89.133 $ 893 $ 2.862 $ 4.475 64.887 $ 5.181 $ 17.086 $ 7.624 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 24.744 $ 4.677 1.175 Data pertain to 2001 .137 $ 1.456 $ 1.789 7.654 $ 406 $ 1.754 $ 6.VIEW S(41) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN OREGON All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 119.365 1.262 224.199 $ 12.

359 $ 59.938 6.315 $ 1.541 6.830 705.872 $ 2.435 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 92.022 533.944 Data pertain to 2001 .842 171.590 $ 5.675 $ 13.716 $ 24.306 $ 4.078 17.510 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 79.864 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 283.964 $ 43.643 204.945 30.876 $ 3.752 $ 16.958 $ 6.874 $ 19.VIEW S(42) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN PENNSYLVANIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 376.880 $ 13.265 $ 8.421 24.693 $ 6.181 $ 17.

VIEW S(43) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN RHODE ISLAND All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 31.095 $ 3.884 $ 4.003 54.558 Data pertain to 2001 .884 $ 734 $ 1.158 42.609 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 24.003 $ 137 $ 383 $ 386 $ 961 600 1.401 16.347 2.946 $ 426 $ 1.403 $ 520 $ 1.188 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 8.308 2.937 $ 1.119 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 6.521 $ 1.599 $ 214 $ 537 451 11.

492 $ 891 $ 2.824 56.370 10.428 $ 4.VIEW S(44) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN SOUTH CAROLINA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 160.386 2.984 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 31.095 $ 6.347 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 33.560 284.659 $ 14.394 $ 477 $ 1.204 $ 6.307 227.298 8.068 $ 2.756 $ 20.599 $ 1.674 95.762 $ 5.131 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 129.009 Data pertain to 2001 .060 $ 3.727 $ 1.421 $ 8.942 2.461 $ 4.331 13.

894 $ 379 $ 1.475 $ 3.052 42.022 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 4.227 $ 1.463 $ 186 $ 437 423 11.528 $ 67 $ 312 $ 181 $ 857 414 1.560 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 6.366 19.356 54.582 2.866 $ 837 $ 2.638 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(45) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN SOUTH DAKOTA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 30.038 2.941 $ 390 $ 1.475 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 23.807 $ 565 $ 1.

294 456.301 18.755 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 52.958 $ 2.042 $ 1.905 $ 8.772 $ 11.546 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 48.463 $ 15.544 3.152 4.240 $ 11.534 $ 8.172 11.230 $ 37.468 $ 4.252 $ 3.475 $ 815 $ 2.399 $ 27.576 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 198.528 365.048 90.050 $ 5.777 145.VIEW S(46) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN TENNESSEE All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 246.064 $ 9.145 $ 3.077 14.357 Data pertain to 2001 .

VIEW S(47) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN TEXAS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 756.857 304.888 Data pertain to 2001 .506 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 160.626 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 209.568 1.546 33.484 $ 14.133 59.720 $ 86.607 $ 34.492 $ 3.812 $ 24.380 386.814 $ 121.377 $ 34.326 $ 48.544 12.143 $ 9.234 $ 9.291 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 595.826 $ 17.387.083.696 $ 5.861 $ 39.434 1.570 $ 11.271 46.872 $ 12.256 $ 27.458 12.

312 935 33.140 $ 1.VIEW S(48) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN UTAH All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 83.261 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 66.948 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 17.747 $ 12.502 $ 2.249 49.642 $ 1.207 Data pertain to 2001 .188 6.458 $ 1.326 126.457 159.209 $ 249 $ 947 $ 746 $ 2.759 $ 8.000 $ 499 $ 1.241 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 17.689 1.694 $ 3.849 $ 4.435 5.089 $ 3.119 4.196 $ 3.

939 $ 353 $ 746 $ 922 $ 2.165 1.421 $ 43 $ 141 $ 120 $ 378 226 853 Data pertain to 2001 .809 7.377 $ 344 $ 972 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 2.742 30.561 $ 402 $ 1.699 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 10.193 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 6.VIEW S(49) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN VERMONT All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 16.511 $ 170 $ 425 620 12.231 $ 184 $ 498 1.079 18.

928 116.398 $ 1.796 $ 1.105 $ 44.589 $ 10.812 12.965 $ 9.082 $ 4.820 21.403 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 228.351 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 63.480 536.VIEW S(50) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN VIRGINIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 290.669 $ 32.080 $ 6.928 16.492 $ 4.964 3.469 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 62.741 $ 2.475 419.758 $ 12.860 $ 18.286 164.177 4.699 $ 14.191 $ 12.941 $ 5.663 Data pertain to 2001 .017 $ 3.

041 $ 4.268 $ 9.088 $ 735 $ 2.326 15.980 250.899 79.369 $ 6.637 $ 2.119 3.603 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 47.VIEW S(51) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN WASHINGTON All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 181.247 $ 20.494 $ 6.701 2.549 91.133 $ 2.189 $ 29.085 $ 1.723 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 43.204 9.400 $ 3.776 Data pertain to 2001 .942 $ 8.189 $ 12.867 $ 8.488 12.879 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 138.722 330.547 $ 2.

448 25.145 33.784 $ 666 $ 1.VIEW S(52) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN WEST VIRGINIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 60.797 Data pertain to 2001 .079 $ 2.321 103.005 $ 677 $ 1.596 77.023 $ 2.985 3.221 $ 1.413 $ 4.477 5.437 $ 1.601 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 15.860 $ 141 $ 536 $ 440 $ 1.316 $ 346 $ 858 1.843 $ 6.876 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 11.545 800 2.044 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 45.

242 $ 8.730 Data pertain to 2001 .251 $ 2.873 $ 3.320 12.493 $ 9.254 284.508 75.950 $ 19.631 $ 4.190 $ 26.613 $ 1.349 $ 628 $ 2.446 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 37.870 2.709 $ 6.865 $ 2.761 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 157.509 $ 6.214 14.459 $ 11.768 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 43.VIEW S(53) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN WISCONSIN All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 201.766 $ 6.523 120.611 2.524 9.672 $ 1.545 360.

362 $ 231 $ 684 1.613 Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses 5.241 Data pertain to 2001 .062 $ 209 $ 304 241 8.483 $ 484 $ 1.190 $ 440 $ 893 $ 988 $ 2.275 $ 50 $ 180 $ 158 $ 525 310 1.793 Business Format Franchises In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments 15.424 35.297 1.552 26.VIEW S(54) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN WYOMING All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses 20.707 $ 409 $ 684 Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments Jobs Payroll (in $ millions) Output (in $ millions) Establishments In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned 4.087 11.

801 24.938 26.050 30.631 56.495 36.081 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 33.VIEW S(55) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ALABAMA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 24.970 Data pertain to 2001 .402 47.844 34.343 63.715 33.312 26.170 27.972 44.

387 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 28.099 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(56) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ALASKA Congressional District #1 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 15.

351 213.VIEW S(57) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ARIZONA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 21.801 283.738 153.358 234.605 Data pertain to 2001 .312 213.386 149.381 164.312 213.121 66.618 197.738 149.312 218.586 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 29.573 45.738 149.

803 37.109 28.VIEW S(58) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ARKANSAS Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 19.573 41.196 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 24.401 22.504 Data pertain to 2001 .367 31.022 18.

698 74.580 55.554 122.788 18.939 Data pertain to 2001 .298 58.715 42.605 30.044 64.765 55.945 55.369 39.299 40.684 73.256 81.532 20.231 31.609 42.465 61.788 57.225 397.192 93.829 39.463 28.670 198.713 63.557 43.888 26.742 63.197 35.804 21.208 57.936 55.768 175.768 121.138 43.751 275.053 38.742 57.381 52.191 73.968 35.330 75.VIEW S(59) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF CALIFORNIA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #15 #16 #17 #18 #19 #20 #21 #22 #23 #24 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 29.145 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 43.974 145.554 93.191 27.220 49.

781 250.147 146.458 88.731 361.458 137.612 401.151 Data pertain to 2001 .941 296.663 95.731 361.731 361.928 250.781 250.359 213.731 361.781 250.198 433.478 361.151 143.386 46.731 361.781 250.151 139.890 61.781 250.609 150.781 250.458 104.731 361.781 250.#25 #26 #27 #28 #29 #30 #31 #32 #33 #34 #35 #36 #37 #38 #39 #40 #41 #42 #43 #44 #45 #46 #47 #48 #49 #50 #51 #52 #53 298.327 95.239 104.781 250.642 139.781 104.731 361.731 361.731 150.465 355.609 130.781 250.609 202.198 98.198 95.781 250.452 150.731 361.781 250.731 361.537 67.923 42.731 361.731 361.781 250.512 139.078 582.812 513.526 430.

556 55.828 33.381 35.VIEW S(60) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF COLORADO Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 90.624 83.553 95.643 Data pertain to 2001 .594 33.201 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 131.924 85.924 64.169 45.342 22.057 60.275 24.

423 67.632 66.164 49.053 61.VIEW S(61) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF CONNECTICUT Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 39.148 45.105 80.160 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 53.528 109.098 48.990 Data pertain to 2001 .

268 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 48.325 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(62) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF DELAWARE Congressional District #1 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 29.

VIEW S(63) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Congressional District #1 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 16.823 Data pertain to 2001 .586 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 28.

789 67.863 71.VIEW S(64) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF FLORIDA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #15 #16 #17 #18 #19 #20 #21 #22 #23 #24 #25 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 26.507 94.324 199.863 128.950 115.295 55.131 246.999 31.750 145.976 85.996 113.673 58.082 165.973 123.446 158.371 71.046 157.222 88.860 100.991 128.655 Data pertain to 2001 .384 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 37.904 38.996 128.799 47.492 43.335 94.539 199.061 107.863 102.061 158.115 44.324 175.681 123.336 102.961 144.006 108.528 65.183 26.748 63.210 33.355 81.013 41.759 105.519 169.839 57.576 81.061 199.490 47.

077 75.927 101.008 22.023 35.VIEW S(65) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF GEORGIA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 38.135 Data pertain to 2001 .586 60.051 137.823 27.194 137.567 58.479 67.895 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 49.328 52.647 46.340 29.528 29.818 38.575 70.968 56.051 85.482 92.729 152.762 188.280 209.863 37.674 43.

VIEW S(66) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF HAWAII Congressional District #1 #2 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 27.587 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 39.515 37.807 Data pertain to 2001 .653 54.

144 39.439 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 37.VIEW S(67) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF IDAHO Congressional District #1 #2 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 26.584 Data pertain to 2001 .742 28.

063 309.836 214.801 186.657 48.590 55.689 258.058 27.987 51.063 258.836 235.973 34.621 103.836 186.063 296.991 49.063 329.063 258.836 186.237 37.122 39.995 63.008 250.425 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 258.339 186.711 27.063 279.290 72.030 258.836 201.338 258.968 42.994 36.787 186.429 49.175 38.432 350.433 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(68) Econom ic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ILLINOIS Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #15 #16 #17 #18 #19 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 186.836 222.

070 25.707 64.730 46.VIEW S(69) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF INDIANA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 36.251 29.963 50.839 26.389 61.050 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 46.626 29.651 101.945 Data pertain to 2001 .773 31.544 81.480 104.751 37.610 78.285 33.579 37.

373 27.583 21.052 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 33.164 Data pertain to 2001 .551 34.037 37.489 28.367 23.130 18.553 26.VIEW S(70) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF IOWA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 25.

095 51.587 28.242 Data pertain to 2001 .525 38.VIEW S(71) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF KANSAS Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 22.971 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 28.517 38.256 37.774 29.

419 31.964 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 26.698 68.843 35.993 18.070 42.469 Data pertain to 2001 .352 40.533 23.576 52.314 85.507 28.VIEW S(72) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF KENTUCKY Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 21.

976 30.670 20.318 39.656 Data pertain to 2001 .893 29.VIEW S(73) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF LOUISIANA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 53.091 40.458 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 75.323 20.470 26.397 60.206 57.895 28.983 23.174 43.

VIEW S(74) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MAINE Congressional District #1 #2 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 20.498 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 28.020 18.261 26.532 Data pertain to 2001 .

350 53.VIEW S(75) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MARYLAND Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 67.155 58.581 69.913 Data pertain to 2001 .033 86.913 81.188 78.568 58.557 86.976 107.783 54.311 73.961 79.250 100.396 55.396 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 98.

910 62.157 59.156 90.550 98.857 41.659 128.144 90.736 87.783 80.404 67.252 55.977 113.216 67.VIEW S(76) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MASSACHUSETTS Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 82.136 Data pertain to 2001 .031 91.156 100.347 78.120 137.404 72.101 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 116.

978 149.656 83.703 32.627 57.279 29.032 Data pertain to 2001 .994 25.511 114.516 41.986 25.000 33.168 71.040 57.301 38.554 33.102 72.728 111.654 71.484 24.654 92.102 57.274 40.006 100.615 76.603 27.243 54.891 76.527 35.VIEW S(77) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MICHIGAN Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #15 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 23.349 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 30.587 33.

VIEW S(78) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MINNESOTA

Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8

Jobs in Franchised Businesses 25,505 94,991 72,218 47,312 96,254 29,522 26,258 21,065

Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 33,646 130,280 97,146 64,890 128,862 39,661 35,260 28,287

Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(79) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MISSISSIPPI

Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4

Jobs in Franchised Businesses 24,553 32,917 41,112 28,973

Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 31,261 43,374 54,445 37,153

Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(80) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MISSOURI

Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9

Jobs in Franchised Businesses 73,280 73,462 79,484 52,328 33,860 55,953 28,248 21,298 33,889

Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 99,071 102,503 108,475 73,698 48,142 78,341 41,300 28,862 45,818

Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(81) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MONTANA

Congressional District #1

Jobs in Franchised Businesses 31,370

Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 57,639

Data pertain to 2001

502 41.041 19.683 25.476 29.808 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(82) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEBRASKA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 26.855 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 35.

VIEW S(83) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEVADA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 79.926 79.592 154.044 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 112.825 112.592 Data pertain to 2001 .044 107.

VIEW S(84) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE Congressional District #1 #2 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 34.363 Data pertain to 2001 .730 36.993 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 49.176 52.

549 61.607 23.522 51.269 80.931 64.313 42.173 86.415 49.406 Data pertain to 2001 .108 60.VIEW S(85) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEW JERSEY Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 32.718 53.781 58.808 38.020 32.182 83.685 46.394 75.857 54.660 60.529 72.984 36.385 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 46.531 74.836 36.807 54.739 50.

070 Data pertain to 2001 .811 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 51.931 67.704 47.244 46.811 67.VIEW S(86) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEW MEXICO Congressional District #1 #2 #3 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 35.

404 33.047 22.862 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 46.395 33.234 37.358 26.274 21.496 95.701 88.907 21.760 95.822 37.630 34.162 36.381 95.218 89.758 44.VIEW S(87) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEW YORK Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #15 #16 #17 #18 #19 #20 #21 #22 #23 #24 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 32.454 54.495 26.214 107.166 65.376 30.538 11.477 59.199 73.349 41.671 16.453 29.056 81.086 40.620 65.620 33.224 81.822 30.889 19.856 67.218 16.330 24.698 119.496 49.489 25.698 22.611 Data pertain to 2001 .443 53.460 8.340 49.836 29.987 23.

949 62.459 33.302 35.#25 #26 #27 #28 #29 40.691 45.349 59.614 48.908 56.038 84.529 80.489 Data pertain to 2001 .

617 72.994 50.318 84.483 28.VIEW S(88) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NORTH CAROLINA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 35.634 92.628 42.303 47.352 65.197 29.363 32.135 38.221 29.471 71.514 Data pertain to 2001 .694 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 46.887 53.772 37.757 63.617 35.041 81.887 21.917 52.771 60.100 120.729 96.872 39.

175 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 44.VIEW S(89) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NORTH DAKOTA Congressional District #1 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 24.145 Data pertain to 2001 .

633 52.870 96.507 34.VIEW S(90) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF OHIO Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #15 #16 #17 #18 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 56.279 25.366 57.013 26.414 23.776 110.201 76.735 60.998 32.811 32.333 41.387 80.136 105.880 142.343 25.856 44.107 63.328 Data pertain to 2001 .151 28.870 42.577 32.149 60.678 60.924 56.516 44.536 78.268 125.341 43.621 81.978 76.575 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 72.523 35.978 91.149 69.

370 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 50.105 24.259 22.577 81.951 17.852 55.080 Data pertain to 2001 .768 60.VIEW S(91) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF OKLAHOMA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 36.579 41.428 19.

542 23.VIEW S(92) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF OREGON Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 53.843 80.895 29.128 41.605 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 72.951 59.009 21.179 56.010 31.081 Data pertain to 2001 .

306 24.135 71.221 36.854 42.526 58.595 55.VIEW S(93) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF PENNSYLVANIA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #15 #16 #17 #18 #19 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 44.086 63.218 63.706 35.231 109.034 31.076 87.293 78.270 39.015 32.558 57.665 26.381 24.987 34.206 95.607 80.125 24.413 31.086 63.981 24.015 70.981 50.906 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 60.614 68.825 87.039 40.713 52.336 118.249 85.997 83.212 87.563 Data pertain to 2001 .963 117.

215 Data pertain to 2001 .441 27.179 36.VIEW S(94) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF RHODE ISLAND Congressional District #1 #2 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 20.360 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 27.

436 21.096 83.065 34.620 26.424 33.767 56.385 42.VIEW S(95) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF SOUTH CAROLINA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 39.718 26.324 Data pertain to 2001 .706 43.456 62.737 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 53.

356 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 54.807 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(96) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF SOUTH DAKOTA Congressional District #1 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 30.

278 38.751 61.371 Data pertain to 2001 .032 47.727 72.999 24.170 28.618 75.676 103.VIEW S(97) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF TENNESSEE Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 26.251 33.178 155.220 52.041 44.634 31.000 21.447 27.015 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 36.410 111.

415 65.148 22.459 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 21.049 134.563 41.418 91.656 109.949 129.050 28.763 58.679 149.484 238.264 152.689 177.838 83.249 95.128 52.985 173.394 150.859 36.436 46.497 25.323 71.793 23.870 136.686 32.475 30.232 19.VIEW S(98) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF TEXAS Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #15 #16 #17 #18 #19 #20 #21 #22 #23 #24 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 16.308 26.826 Data pertain to 2001 .859 143.583 185.620 40.316 128.217 197.018 184.950 204.744 32.373 134.075 207.859 24.613 26.217 31.670 87.251 19.918 22.043 184.968 62.

401 23.763 114.288 134.700 100.893 209.482 197.489 153.963 110.#25 #26 #27 #28 #29 #30 #31 #32 143.482 152.217 153.828 134.739 184.893 Data pertain to 2001 .676 30.859 114.926 76.

498 87.817 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 87.505 60.555 78.892 54.872 Data pertain to 2001 .VIEW S(99) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF UTAH Congressional District #1 #2 #3 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 61.

742 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 30.VIEW S(100) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF VERMONT Congressional District #1 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 16.939 Data pertain to 2001 .

613 57.038 41.121 74.857 43.374 28.443 55.504 41.323 67.VIEW S(101) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF VIRGINIA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 44.380 Data pertain to 2001 .197 58.777 59.197 20.697 31.640 27.924 56.998 94.948 83.466 22.056 43.243 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 60.474 31.897 77.

018 118.397 90.980 29.344 125.847 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 122.VIEW S(102) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF WASHINGTON Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 90.609 20.676 26.789 95.110 27.126 92.982 Data pertain to 2001 .155 23.131 87.461 18.444 17.483 42.204 128.762 67.

649 24.644 Data pertain to 2001 .820 18.685 21.734 27.816 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 24.VIEW S(103) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF WEST VIRGINIA Congressional District #1 #2 #3 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 19.

567 32.206 36.303 29.029 29.VIEW S(104) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF WISCONSIN Congressional District #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 76.313 41.127 49.803 65.170 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 103.328 32.965 24.257 36.770 49.454 88.697 39.154 Data pertain to 2001 .242 22.

424 Jobs Created by Franchised Businesses 35.VIEW S(105) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF WYOMING Congressional District #1 Jobs in Franchised Businesses 20.190 Data pertain to 2001 .

g.Appendix A. in order to avoid disclosing information that could be linked back to a specific establishment within a county.like. Geographic Groupings Geographic Cells The main databases for this study contain information down to the county (or countylike-unit) level within each State. Any county that is split between Congressional Districts was not combined with others. the 2nd District (which is part of Clark County plus all the rest of Nevada) is all of Nevada. Therefore. Notwithstanding the general rule for forming Congressional Districts for this report. State. and the 3rd district (which falls entirely in Clark County) is Clark County. the two geographic cells for Nevada are (1) Clark County and (2) all Nevada counties except Clark County. They do not give complete information for some sparsely populated counties. For example. This structure allows us to aggregate data to the three geographic reporting levels of this study: Congressional District. we formed geographic “cells” by combining all counties that are fully within a single Congressional District. then we exclude it from the Congressional District as defined for this study. Exhibit 1 relates counties or county. we do not want to include an entire county in a Congressional District if only a de minimis portion of the county is in the actual district. This disclosure issue becomes less of a problem when data are aggregated up to higher geographic levels. 1 . parishes in Louisiana) to Congressional Districts for the 108th Congress. This convention is necessary because the federal data that support this study are generally reported at the county level. and national. If the website of the member of Congress for a district fails to mention such a county. Congressional District – County Mappings A Congressional District in this report is the collection of the geographic cells that include a portion of the actual congressional district. the 1st District (which falls entirely in Clark County) is Clark County. and therefore is a geographic cell itself. To continue to illustrate with Nevada.units (e.

St Clair. Pima. Maricopa. Anchorage. Jefferson. Southeast Fairbanks. Ketchikan Gateway. Haines. Kodiak. Covington. Perry. Gila. Madison. Greene. Juneau. Wrangell-Petersburg. Morgan Bibb. Winston Colbert. Marshl. De Kalb. Conecuh. Island. Wade Hampton. Lee. Cherokee. Coosa. Yukon-Koyukuk Apache. Coffee. Franklin. Tuscaloosa. Graham. Crenshaw. Sumter. Prince-Wales-Ketchik. Matanuska-Susitna. Houston. Sitka. Lawrence. Fairbanks North Star. Elmore. Washington Autauga. SkagwayHoonah-Angoo. Chambers. Bullock. Limestone. Pima. Russell. Bethel. Yuma Cochise. Maricopa. Yavapai Coconino. Nome. Denali. Morgan. Marion. Pickens. Butler. Hale. Dillingham. Macon. Aleutians West. Marengo. Wilcox Aleutians East. Coconino. Coosa. Pinal. Pickens. Tuscoosa Choctaw. Etowah. Montgomery. Clarke. Henry. Randolph. Santa Cruz. Tallapoosa Blount. Mohave. Cleburne. Geneva. Lowndes. Montgomery. Barbour. Monroe. ValdezCordova. Maricopa. Greenlee. Mobile. Lauderdale. Jackson. Navajo. Clay. Bristol Bay. Talladega. Kenai Peninsula. La Paz. Navajo Maricopa.Exhibit 1 State Name (Number of CDs) Alabama (7) Congressional District 1 2 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Baldwin. Santa Cruz 3 4 5 6 7 Alaska (1) 1 Arizona (8) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 . Jefferson. Clarke. Pinal. Walker. Maricopa. Northwest Arctic. Pinal. Pinal La Paz. Escambia. Fayette. St Clair. Pike Calhoun. Shelby. Maricopa. Lamar. Lake And Peninsula. Yakutat. Dallas. Chilton. Dale. Cullman. North Slope.

Perry. St Francis. Johnson. Pope. Sevier. Sutter.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Arkansas (4) 1 Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Arkansas. Union Del Norte. Independence. Boone. Clay. Amador. Cleveland. Yolo Butte. Clark. Calaveras. Washington Ashley. Contra Costa. Craighead. Sebastian. Howard. Scott. Mariposa. Polk. San Benito. San Mateo. Cross. Woodruff Conway. Santa Clara. Placer. Sonoma. Solano Alameda. Humboldt. Nevada. Stanislaus. Siskiyou. Merced. Monterey. Modoc. Bradley. Ouachita. San Luis Obispo 2 3 4 California (53) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 3 . Poinsett. Shasta. Faulkner. San Mateo Alameda. Plumas. Lincoln. Hempstead. Kings Fresno. El Dorado. Columbia. Lassen. Fulton. Los Angeles. Montgomery. Chicot. Santa Clara. Sacramento. Franklin. Lee. Solano Butte. Trinity. Hot Spring. Carroll. Searcy. Dallas. Contra Costa. Baxter. Tehama. Marion. Calhoun. Napa. Yolo. Madera. Prairie. Pulaski. Grant. Solano San Francisco. Marin. San Joaquin. Alameda. Glenn. Izard. Randolph. Lake. Lafayette. Tuolumne Fresno. Logan. Santa Cruz Fresno. Mendocino. Drew. Mississippi. San Joaquin. Lawrence. Van Buren. Santa Cruz Santa Clara. Greene. Garland. Newton. Sharp. Madera. Jackson. Sonoma Contra Costa. Santa Clara San Francisco. Crittenden. Phillips. Jefferson. Pike. Stone. Sierra Sacramento. Yell Benton. Cleburne. Madison. Little River. Crawford. Yuba Alpine. Miller. White. Desha. Saline. Colusa. Kern. Monroe. Sacramento. Tulare Kern. Nevada. Sacramento. Stanislaus Fresno. Alameda. Lonoke.

Los Angeles. Los Angeles. San Diego San Diego. Los Angeles. Los Angeles. 4 . Los Angeles. Riverside. Los Angeles. Los Angeles. Los Angeles. Orange. Los Angeles. Orange. San Bernardino San Bernardino. San Diego San Diego. Riverside. Riverside Riverside. Orange.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) California (53) Congressional District 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 County (County-Like-Unit) Name San Luis Obispo. Los Angeles. San Bernardino Los Angeles. Los Angeles. Santa Barbara. San Diego. Los Angeles. Los Angeles. Los Angeles. Imperial. Orange. San Bernardino Los Angeles. Ventura Inyo. Mono. Ventura Santa Barbara. San Bernardino Los Angeles. Orange Orange.

Clay. Yuma Chaffee. Crowley. Sedgwick. Phillips. Taylor. Middlesex. Saguache. Hillsborough. Litchfield. Walton Alachua. Arapahoe. Boulder. Jefferson Hartford.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Colorado (7) Congressional District 1 2 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Adams. Orange. Franklin. Dixie. Holmes. Walton. Osceola Hillsborough. Grand. New Haven Fairfield. Hernando. Duval. Arapahoe. Elbert. New Haven Kent. Columbia. Denver. Montrose. Leon. Gilpin. Gilchrist. Morgan. Prowers. Fremont. Bradford. Pitkin. Duval. Clear Creek. Conejos. Moffat. Putnam. Pueblo. Teller Arapahoe. Seminole. Bent. Kiowa. Washington Bay. Pasco. Orange. Madison. Broomfield. Levy. Volusia Baker. Custer. Marion. Hartford. Manatee. Logan. Lincoln. Lafayette. Jefferson. Montezuma. Volusia Lake. Larimer. Dolores. Pinellas Pinellas. La Plata. Gadsden. New London. Levy. Lake. Gulf. Jefferson. Leon. Lake. Clay. Calhoun. Windham Fairfield. Sumter Alachua. Lake. Kit Carson. Duval. Delta. Cheyenne. Washington. Rio Blanco. Okaloosa. Polk. Eagle. Santa Rosa. Jackson. San Miguel Baca. Summit. Middlesex. Weld Alamosa. Hinsdale. Tolland. Jackson. Putnam. Gunnison. Lake. Otero. Boulder. St Johns. Mineral. Ouray. Sussex Escambia. Jefferson. Douglas. Weld. Rio Grande. Jefferson Adams. Seminole. Jefferson. New Haven Fairfield. Marion. Suwannee. Pasco. Liberty. Park. Litchfield. Wakulla. Las Animas. Marion. Park Adams. Nassau. Okaloosa. New Castle. Routt. Pinellas 3 4 5 6 7 Connecticut (5) 1 2 3 4 5 Delaware (1) Florida (25) 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 5 . Hamilton. Otero. Marion Flagler. Union Citrus. Middlesex Hartford. Orange. Garfield. San Juan. El Paso. Huerfano. Archuleta. Costilla. Mesa.

St Lucie Broward. Palm Beach Broward. Polk Charlotte. Palm Beach Broward. Manatee. Polk Charlotte. Hardee. Highlands. Palm Beach. Miami-Dade Miami-Dade. Hendry. Martin. Glades. Monroe Broward. Osceola. Martin. Hendry. St Lucie Brevard. Okeechobee. Sarasota Charlotte. De Soto. Monroe 6 . Lee Brevard. Palm Beach. Osceola. Miami-Dade Broward. Indian River.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Florida (25) Congressional District 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Hillsborough. Volusia Collier. Seminole. Orange. Miami-Dade. Collier. Miami-Dade Broward.

Echols. Bibb. Coweta. Quitman. Morgan. Hancock. Bacon. Floyd. Union. Effingham. Marion. Washington. Forsyth. Mcduffie. Meriwether. Gwinnett Clayton. Upson Banks. Jones. Murray. Jenkins. Rockdale. Pike. Grady. Cook. Burke. Glynn. Clayton. Dooly. Cobb. Charlton. Maui 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Hawaii (2) 1 2 7 . Douglas. Coweta. Thomas. Toombs. Oglethorpe. Gordon. Atkinson. Fannin. Johnson. Coffee. Muscogee. Clarke. Putnam. Pulaski. Chatham. Decatur. Telfair. Chattooga. Long. Dodge. Wheeler. Houston. Mitchell. Rabun. Kauai. Wilkinson De Kalb. Worth Baldwin. Rockdale. Lowndes. Candler. Macon. Oglethorpe. Heard. Muscogee. Muscogee. Turner. Camden. Honolulu. Liberty. Hall. Clay. Ben Hill. Jackson. Richmond. Walker. Irwin. Ware. Gwinnett. Randolph. Colquitt. Schley. Cook. Tattnall. Clinch. Pulaski. Jasper. Spalding. Hawaii. Haralson. Richmond. Dawson. Harris. Oconee. Wilkes Catoosa. Glascock. Stephens. Sumter. Towns. Dougherty. Peach. Barrow. Fulton Cherokee. Lanier. Montgomery. Fulton Bartow. Butts. Monroe. Gwinnett. Douglas. Brantley. De Kalb. Greene. Warren Butts. Troup. Pickens. Newton. Taliaferro. Lumpkin. Chattahoochee. Newton. Forsyth. Carroll. Emanuel. Lee. Gilmer. Berrien. Whitfield Bartow. Jeff Davis. Early. Pierce. Fayette. Miller. Crisp. Webster. Jones. Walton Honolulu. Paulding. De Kalb. Screven. Dade. Henry. Terrell. Tift. Habersham. Cobb. Gwinnett. Mcintosh. Wilcox Baker. Carroll. Walton. Lincoln. Lamar. Treutlen. Laurens. Cobb. Paulding Bibb. Stewart. Taylor. Evans. Troup. Crawford. Wayne. Walton. Talbot. Fulton. Spalding. Rockdale. Brooks. Colquitt. Harris. Cherokee. Polk. Chatham. Lowndes. Newton. Wilcox. Hart. White. Henry. Twiggs. Bryan. Upson Bryan. Bleckley. Houston. Elbert. Franklin. Bulloch. Columbia. Fayette. Jefferson.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Georgia (13) 1 Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Appling. Seminole. Calhoun. Madison.

Will Cook. Franklin. Macoupin. Shelby. Idaho. Camas. Fremont. Clearwater. Hancock. Warren. Whiteside 2 Illinois (19) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 8 . Ogle. Teton. Cook. Lake. Bannock. Will. Edgar. Adams. De Kalb. Jersey. Winnebago Adams. Du Page Cook. Cook. Butte. Lee. Calhoun. Mcdonough. Kane. Valley. Vermilion. Cumberland. Bingham. Du Page. Whiteside Champaign. Canyon. Wabash. Cassia. Kendall. Williamson Cook. Bonneville. Mchenry. Lake Bureau. Bear Lake. Douglas. Madison. Franklin. Montgomery. Madison. Pulaski. Henderson. Fulton. Owyhee. Randolph. Lincoln. Oneida. Fayette. Boise. Sangamon. Cook. Caribou. Minidoka. Saline. Madison. Rock Island. Gem. Livingston. Mercer. Elmore. De Witt. Bonner. Woodford Alexander. Edwards. White Boone. Custer. Iroquois. Jerome. Coles. Carroll. Ford. Pike. Lemhi. St Clair. Whiteside. Cook. Cook. Christian. Union. Crawford. Kankakee. Mclean. Knox. McHenry Cook. Clark. Lewis. Grundy. Monroe. Nez Perce. Clark. Mclean. Benewah. Piatt. Shoshone. Jackson. Washington Ada. Stephenson. Latah. Blaine. Power. Kootenai. Payette. Moultrie. Will Bureau. Gooding. De Kalb. La Salle. Henry. Greene. Cook. Gallatin. Jo Daviess. Henry. Du Page. Twin Falls Cook. Lawrence. Macon.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Idaho (2) 1 Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Ada. Boundary. Jefferson. Macon. Livingston. Perry.

Jasper. Stark. Jay. Decatur. Huntington. Clark. Kosciusko. Brown. Madison. Monroe. Knox. Porter. Sangamon. Washington 19 Indiana (9) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 . Massac. Daviess. Tazewell. Johnson. Gibson. Saline. Madison. Brown. Scott. Harrison. Union. Miami. Marshall. Warren. Posey. Jasper. Delaware. Lawrence. Tippecanoe. Bartholomew. Richland. Martin. Howard. Fountain. Shelby. Vanderburgh. Fayette. Logan. Marshall. Mason. Woodford Bond. Dearborn. Lagrange. Greene. Wabash Adams. Owen.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Illinois (19) 18 Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Adams. Wabash. Allen. Vermillion. Sullivan. Shelby. Pike. Whitley Boone. Clay. Cass. Pike. Jackson. Marion. Greene. Vigo. Elkhart. Noble. Fulton. Elkhart. Marion. Jennings. Newton. Fountain. Tipton. Sangamon. Morgan. Wells Marion. Starke. Howard. Johnson. Montgomery. Hardin. Hancock. Crawford. Clinton. Jersey. De Kalb. Steuben. La Porte. Blackford. Bureau. Jefferson. Jefferson. Pope. Gallatin. White Allen. Johnson. St Joseph Carroll. Putnam. Dearborn. Switzerland. Lawrence. Lake. Hamilton. Rush. Fayette. Spencer. Porter. Putnam. Williamson Benton. Johnson. Henry. Clinton. Menard. Washington. Franklin. Edwards. Monroe. Orange. Macon. Effingham. Schuyler. Ripley. Cass. Peoria. Knox. Morgan. Scott. Marion. Hamilton. Hendricks. Montgomery. White. Pulaski. Shelby. Christian. Randolph. Ohio. Floyd. Wayne. Dubois. Perry. Parke. Clay. White Grant. Wayne. Warrick Bartholomew.

Thomas. Geary. Winnebago. Wilson. Saline. Page. Floyd. Warren. Wyandotte Butler. Labette. Graham. Haskell. Finney. Reno. Pawnee. Humboldt. Phillips. Sheridan. Clark. Ness. Wapello. Wichita 2 3 4 5 Kansas (4) 1 2 Allen. Greene. Ida. Pottawattamie. Logan. Kossuth. Decatur. Osage. Rooks. Hancock. Ellsworth. Dickinson. Rush. Franklin. Marshall. Kearny. Atchison. Mcpherson. Clarke. Geary. Meade. Jefferson. Cass. Shelby. Tama Allamakee. Crawford. Doniphan. Gove. Harvey. Stanton. Jones. Pottawatomie. Clay. Ellis. Marion. Franklin. Hardin. Kingman. Palo Alto. Miami. Stevens. Mitchell. Hamilton. Chautauqua. Dickinson. Gray. Crawford. Leavenworth. Jefferson. Emmet. Cedar. Jackson. Lucas. Story. Cowley. Ford. Elk. Taylor. Mills. Greenwood. Monroe. Wallace. Scott Appanoose. Edwards. Henry. Wright Adair. Guthrie. Greeley. Dallas. Pratt. Sumner 3 4 10 . Smith. Webster. Winneshiek. Sioux. Marion.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Iowa (5) 1 Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Black Hawk. Rawlins. Chase. Lee. Osborne. Morris. Woodson Douglas. Washington. Lyon. Trego. Madison. Scott. Plymouth. Worth. Cerro Gordo. Comanche. Carroll. Harrison. Ringgold. O Brien. Mahaska. Des Moines. Ottawa. Hamilton. Riley. Davis. Wayne Benton. Jasper. Muscatine. Clinton. Linn. Clay. Keokuk. Bourbon. Sherman. Republic. Brown. Buchanan. Jewell. Decatur. Lyon. Johnson. Montgomery. Nemaha. Cloud. Greenwood. Howard. Washington. Buena Vista. Grant. Monona. Iowa. Douglas. Wabaunsee. Pocahontas. Morton. Norton. Van Buren. Calhoun. Fremont. Jackson. Coffey. Dubuque. Union. Butler. Mitchell. Marshall. Adams. Anderson. Shawnee. Woodbury Barber. Montgomery. Russell. Cherokee. Delaware. Stafford. Fayette. Neosho. Nemaha. Johnson. Cheyenne. Osceola. Sac. Kiowa. Louisa. Rice. Polk. Seward. Cherokee. Poweshiek. Bremer. Lincoln. Boone. Lane. Sedgwick. Linn. Grundy. Chickasaw. Clayton. Harper. Hodgeman. Audubon. Barton.

Henderson. Carroll. Lawrence. Jackson. Trimble Bath. Claiborne. Morgan. Harlan. Estill. Madison. Evangeline. Woodford Jefferson. Owen. St Martin. Tensas. Boone. St Mary. Pointe Coupee. Assumption. Knox. Montgomery. Carter. Orleans Ascension. Morehouse. Magoffin. Knott. St Charles. Webster Allen. Terrebonne Allen. Fayette. Lafourche. Livingston. Monroe. Lincoln. Mccracken. Larue. Vernon. Shelby. Whitley. Casey. East Carroll. Catahoula. Greenup. De Soto. Richland. Bienville. La Salle. Pointe Coupee. Todd. Trigg. Ohio. Hart. Lewis. Concordia. Plaquemines. Bourbon. Allen. Floyd. Russell. Pulaski. Union. Spencer. Lyon. Madison. West Carroll. Campbell. Gallatin. Jefferson.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Kentucky (6) Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Adair. Henry. St Bernard. Fleming. Boyle. Livingston. Bullitt. Marion. Letcher. Pendleton. Perry. Laurel. Edmonson. Pike. Caddo. Oldham. Clark. Boyd. Mercer. Scott. Washington Jefferson. Mccreary. Hickman. Hopkins. Iberville. Union. West Baton Rouge. Lincoln. Lincoln. Red River. Meade. Green. St Landry. Simpson. Franklin. Johnson. Beauregard. West Feliciana Acadia. Bossier. Cameron. Scott. Robertson. Sabine. St Charles. Menifee. Clay. Jackson. Ohio. Webster Barren. Grayson. Avoyelles. Nicholas. Harrison. St Tammany. Rowan. Graves. Kenton. Lafayette. Powell. Tangipahoa. Lee. Ballard. Nelson. Metcalfe. Owsley. Rockcastle. Muhlenberg. Iberville. Logan. Iberia. St James. Washington Jefferson. St Helena. Christian. Crittenden. Breathitt. Jefferson. Daviess. Mason. Carlisle. Calcasieu. Wayne. Grant. Bell. Jefferson Davis. East Feliciana. Leslie. Taylor. Jessamine. Elliott. Hardin. Fulton. Mclean. Grant. Caldwell. Wolfe Anderson. Bath. Marshall. Breckinridge. Martin. Natchitoches. St John The Baptist. Calloway. Hancock. Orleans. Warren. Butler. Evangeline. Ouachita. Bracken. Clinton. Franklin. Garrard. Caldwell. Rapides. Vermilion 1 2 3 4 5 6 Louisiana (7) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 11 . East Baton Rouge. Cumberland. Winn Ascension.

Somerset. Norfolk. Middlesex Middlesex. Aroostook. Knox. Oxford. Waldo. Penobscot. Calvert. Cecil. Frederick. Hampshire. Howard. Middlesex. Wicomico.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Maine (2) Congressional District 1 2 Maryland (8) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Massachusetts (10) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Cumberland. Nantucket. Norfolk. Norfolk. Prince Georges Berkshire. Talbot. Sagadahoc. Queen Annes. Franklin. Hampden. Dukes. Norfolk. Plymouth. Carroll. Kennebec. Norfolk. Worcester Anne Arundel. Suffolk Bristol. Worcester Bristol. Washington Baltimore. Kent. Plymouth Essex. Harford. Harford. Baltimore. York Androscoggin. Worcester Bristol. Worcester Hampden. Plymouth 12 . Baltimore. Garrett. Caroline. Hancock. Kennebec. Washington Anne Arundel. Charles. Franklin. Prince Georges. Baltimore (City) Anne Arundel. Middlesex. Baltimore. Baltimore (City) Montgomery. Suffolk Barnstable. Somerset. Lincoln. Dorchester. Middlesex. Harford. Baltimore. Baltimore (City) Montgomery. Suffolk Middlesex. Worcester Essex. Prince Georges Anne Arundel. Howard. Middlesex. Piscataquis. Hampshire. St Marys Allegany.

Osceola. Kent Clare. Muskegon. Montcalm. Marquette. Schoolcraft Allegan. Baraga. Wayne. Wayne Macomb. Isabella. Oakland. Emmet. Ionia. Livingston. Ogemaw. Ottawa. Wayne 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 13 . Washtenaw. Crawford. Tuscola Allegan. Sanilac Oakland. Midland. Kalamaz oo. Oceana. Montmorency. Ingham. Mackinac. Shiawassee Oakland. Leelanau. Manistee. Houghton. Alger. Shiawassee Bay. Menominee. Oakland Wayne. Benzie. Macomb. Van Buren Branch. Missaukee. Saginaw. Mason. Chippewa. Cheboygan. Calhoun. Lake. Keweenaw. Iron. Otsego. Huron. Washtenaw Clinton. Delta. St Joseph. Monroe. Presque Isle. Saginaw. Alpena. Gogebic. Oscoda. St Clair. Luce. Calhoun. Jackson. Cass. Berrien. Arenac. Antrim.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Michigan (15) Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Alcona. Kalkaska. Charlevoix. Iosco. Gratiot. Kent. Roscommon. Lenawee. Dickinson. Lapeer. Eaton. Grand Traverse. Wexford Barry. Genesee. Hillsdale. Ontonagon. Newaygo. Bay. Mecosta. Gladwin.

Hennepin. Sharkey. Red Lake. Traverse. Jefferson Davis. Rankin. Morrison. Otter Tail. Jones. Prentiss. Mcleod. Norman. Washington Anoka. Todd. Lamar. Rice. Cook. Tallahatchie. George. Claiborne. Chisago. Pontotoc. Stearns. Quitman. Wadena Alcorn. Jasper. Le Sueur. Leflore. Winston Clarke. Washington Anoka. Lawrence. Neshoba. Beltrami. Wayne 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Mississippi (4) 1 2 3 4 14 . Lincoln. Tunica. Marion. Polk. Washington. Meeker. Marshall. Bolivar. Tippah. Carroll. Roseau. Sunflower. Wright Becker. Chippewa. Noxubee. Rock. Montgomery. Mahnomen. Cass. Lee. Smith. Stevens. Isanti. Walthall. Clay. Madison. Holmes. Newton. Simpson. Olmsted. Oktibbeha. Hennepin Dakota. Choctaw. Jones. Monroe. Issaquena. Amite. Washington. Wilkin. Lake Of The Woods. Renville. Harrison. Winston. Jackson. Franklin. Hubbard. Copiah. Cottonwood. Pipestone. Murray. Mille Lacs. Pennington. Pope. Yalobusha Attala. Hennepin. Wilkinson. Mower. Clay. Fillmore. Redwood. Brown. Warren. Coahoma. Lowndes. Scott. Lafayette. Nicollet. Forrest. Jasper. Winona Carver. Waseca. Faribault. De Soto. Stearns. Pearl River. Hinds. Martin. Nobles. Leake. Swift. Beltrami. Jackson. Sibley. Leake. Webster. Benton. Lyon. Big Stone. Perry. Hancock. Kanabec. Tishomingo. Marshall. Lake. Union. Steele. Yazoo Adams. Watonwan. Pike. Webster. Kemper. Crow Wing. Chickasaw. Panola. Koochiching. St Louis. Houston. Hinds. Scott. Yellow Medicine Aitkin. Sherburne. Carlton. Madison. Calhoun. Lac Qui Parle. Tate. Clearwater. Dakota. Lauderdale. Grenada. Stone. Humphreys. Ramsey.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Minnesota (8) 1 Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Blue Earth. Lincoln. Kandiyohi. Douglas. Jefferson. Covington. Itasca. Goodhue. Benton. Itawamba. Grant. Greene. Wabasha. Dodge. Freeborn. Kittson. Pine. Marion. Ramsey Anoka.

Jackson. Douglas. Pettis. Sullivan. Jasper. Powell. Scott. Reynolds. Mccone. Lake. Yellowstone 4 5 6 7 8 9 Montana (1) 1 15 . Fallon. St Clair. Marion. Saline. Prairie. Daviess. Montgomery. Mcdonald. Moniteau. Valley. Shannon. Carter. Richland. Ralls. Musselshell. Sanders. Clinton. Garfield. Perry. Boone. Warren Beaverhead. Webster Cass. Mineral. St Louis (City) Barton. Wheatland. Mississippi. Gallatin. Chariton. Dent. Missoula. Shelby. Taney. Lawrence. St Charles. Clay. Johnson. Glacier. Linn. Carroll. Clark. St Charles. Taney Bollinger. Schuyler. Ripley. Lewis. Holt. Cape Girardeau. Buchanan. Madison. Osage. Cascade. Roosevelt. Putnam. Teton. Stone. Caldwell. Wayne. Dawson. Crawford. Maries. Granite. Cedar. Livingston. Pulaski. Fergus. Blaine. Sheridan. Camden. Big Horn. Nodaway. Harrison. Jefferson. Audrain. Gentry. Silver Bow. Newton. Franklin. Madison. Miller. Wright Adair. Custer. Stoddard. Iron. Howell. Dade. De Kalb. Pondera. St Genevieve. Hill. Carbon. Toole. Deer Lodge. Oregon. Worth Barry. Greene. St Francois. Knox. Platte. Callaway. Dallas. Cass. Powder River. Wibaux. Ravalli. Golden Valley. Laclede. Bates. Carter. Petroleum. St Louis Jefferson. Camden. Chouteau. Mercer. Phelps. Meagher. Liberty. Phillips. Treasure. Atchison. Howard. Lincoln. Daniels. Ray. Gasconade. Grundy. Vernon. Polk. Polk. Benton.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Missouri (9) Congressional District 1 2 3 County (County-Like-Unit) Name St Louis. New Madrid. Morgan. Sweet Grass. Lewis And Clark. Flathead. Macon. Pike. St Louis. Christian. Stillwater. St Louis (City) Lincoln. Texas. Scotland. Ozark. Jackson Andrew. Judith Basin. Lafayette. Randolph. Washington. Butler. Dunklin. Hickory. Park. Jackson. Pemiscot. Henry. Rosebud. Broadwater. Cooper. Cole. Monroe.

Cheshire. Hudson. Hudson. Passaic. Monmouth. Saunders. Sussex Hunterdon. Union 2 3 Nevada (3) 1 2 3 New Hampshire (2) 1 2 New Jersey (13) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 16 . Hall. Wheeler. Box Butte. Hillsborough. Colfax. Middlesex.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Nebraska (3) 1 Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Burt. Cape May. Cherry. Douglas. Morris. Elko. Carson City (City) Clark Belknap. Storey. Sherman. Somerset. Cedar. Antelope. Burlington. Camden. Brown. Mercer. York Clark. Clark. Keith. Salem Burlington. Nemaha. Nuckolls. Middlesex. Harlan. Lincoln. Hooker. Valley. Butler. Dawes. Gloucester. Garfield. Deuel. Cedar. Grant. Cass. Dodge. Chase. Camden. Esmeralda. Sheridan. Pershing. Pierce. Madison. Howard. Hayes. Polk. Strafford Belknap. Jefferson. Greeley. Grafton. Knox. Seward. Thayer. Fillmore. Dawson. Mineral. Lander. Ocean Burlington. Nance. Frontier. Cheyenne. Keya Paha. Union Essex. Custer. Eureka. Union Hunterdon. Passaic. Somerset. Furnas. Hamilton. Nye. Rockingham. Monmouth. Dundy. Somerset Essex. Wayne Douglas. Lincoln. Churchill. Scotts Bluff. Sullivan Burlington. Richardson. Thomas. Lancaster. Hudson. Merrick. Ocean Bergen. Clay. White Pine. Merrimack. Pawnee. Logan. Rockingham. Gage. Washington. Sioux. Washoe. Gosper. Passaic Bergen. Perkins. Cuming. Hillsborough. Carroll. Sussex. Red Willow. Merrimack. Coos. Cumberland. Saline. Banner. Rock. Boone. Lyon. Mcpherson. Morrill. Blaine. Dixon. Mercer. Dakota. Holt. Platte. Buffalo. Boyd. Gloucester Atlantic. Somerset. Webster. Garden. Franklin. Sarpy Adams. Loup. Humboldt. Monmouth. Otoe. Stanton. Camden. Passaic Essex. Union Essex. Johnson. Kearney. Arthur. Kimball. Sarpy. Phelps. Thurston. Middlesex. Hitchcock. Warren Middlesex.

Hidalgo. 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 New York (29) 17 . Mckinley. Queens Kings. Harding. Lea. Chaves. Luna. Lincoln. Queens Bronx. New York. Grant. Santa Fe. San Juan.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) New Mexico (3) Congressional District 1 2 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Bernalillo. Suffolk Nassau. Taos. Cibola. New York. Queens Kings. Santa Fe. Curry. Queens Queens. Valencia Bernalillo. Torrance. Sierra. Union Suffolk Nassau. Nassau. Mckinley. Queens Bronx. Roosevelt. Richmond New York. Suffolk Nassau. De Baca. Valencia Bernalillo. Catron. Colfax. Quay. Sandoval. Eddy. New York Kings. San Miguel. Guadalupe. Mora. Otero. Rio Arriba. Dona Ana. Kings. Sandoval. Socorro. Kings. Los Alamos. Queens Kings. Bronx.

Fulton. Rensselaer. Delaware. Jefferson. Nash. Monroe. Rensselaer. Schenectady. Carteret. Oneida. Westchester Columbia. Warren. Johnston. Warren. Moore. Orange. Durham. Niagara. Essex. Vance. Fulton. Lenoir. Erie Erie. Northampton. Duplin. Genesee. St Lawrence Broome. Wyoming Chautauqua. Dare. Sampson 2 3 4 5 6 7 18 . Delaware. Jones. Monroe. Cortland. Washington Albany. Ontario. Craven. Sampson. Stokes. Perquimans. Oswego. Franklin. Oneida. Hamilton. Tioga. Rockland. Livingston. Ashe. Madison. Onondaga. Washington. Davie. Wake Alexander. Steuben. Otsego. Lewis. Franklin. Hyde. Watauga. Edgecombe. Iredell. Orleans Allegany. Guilford. Otsego. Saratoga. Herkimer. Brunswick. Orange. Dutchess. Nash. Tioga. Rockingham. Schoharie Broome. Essex. Yadkin Alamance. Martin. Montgomery. Randolph. Greene. Granville. Westchester Rockland. Vance. Seneca. Lenoir. Orange. Niagara. New Hanover. Alleghany. Tyrrell. Schuyler. Pitt. Lee. Duplin. Bertie. Rowan Bladen. Sullivan. Wayne Erie. Wilson Chatham. Saratoga. Pasquotank. Wayne. Columbus. Monroe. Monroe. Rockland. Gates. Craven. Chenango. Hertford. Currituck. Wilkes. Jones. Cumberland. Ulster Clinton. Pender. Greene. Westchester Dutchess. Wayne. Chowan. Harnett. Cayuga. Onslow. Chemung. Davidson. Cattaraugus. Yates Beaufort. Forsyth. Wake Beaufort. Halifax. Dutchess. Ontario. Wilson Chatham. Pamlico. Tompkins. Tompkins Cayuga. Orleans. Robeson. Camden.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) New York (29) Congressional District 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 North Carolina (13) 1 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Bronx. Nash. Surry. Cumberland. Pitt. Putnam.

Morton. Madison. Scioto. Shelby. Pike. Gallia. Henry. Guilford. Robeson. Stanly. Golden Valley. Mcintosh. Sheridan. Defiance. Williams. Cavalier. Rowan Alamance. Williams Butler. Richmond. Guilford. Catawba. Dunn. Ottawa 1 Ohio (18) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 19 . Greene. Hoke. Forsyth. Union Gaston. Belmont. Clay. Steele. Davidson. Cabarrus. Perry. Montgomery. Pierce. Scioto. Eddy. Grant. Hamilton Adams. Cherokee. Franklin. Lorain. Polk. Mitchell. Macon. Swain. Cumberland. Sandusky. Jackson. Montgomery. Burke. Granville. Rutherford. Henderson. Renville. Rutherford Buncombe. Bottineau. Mecklenburg. Champaign. Mercer. Lamoure. Bowman. Meigs. Clermont. Richland. Yancey Cabarrus. Union Avery. Fairfield. Kidder. Mercer. Haywood. Slope. Crawford. Brown. Sargent. Highland. Divide. Rolette. Seneca. Marion. Darke. Cass. Washington Clark. Foster. Transylvania. Towner. Paulding. Wells. Ward. Rockingham. Fulton. Lincoln. Warren Allen. Person. Caldwell. Morrow. Pickaway. Mcdowell. Monroe. Warren Clinton. Iredell. Lucas. Wyandot Athens. Sioux. Richland. Walsh. Billings. Wyandot Ashland. Griggs. Hamilton. Noble. Fayette. Columbiana. Mecklenburg. Nelson. Mahoning. Graham. Montgomery. Hardin. Lucas. Miami. Mercer. Burke. Benson.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) North Carolina (13) Congressional District 8 9 10 11 11 12 13 North Dakota (1) County (County-Like-Unit) Name Anson. Mchenry. Jefferson. Scotland. Stark. Stutsman. Logan. Logan. Dickey. Gaston. Mclean. Cleveland. Ross Butler. Huron. Hancock. Lawrence. Caswell. Burleigh. Traill. Hettinger. Wake Adams. Mountrail. Oliver. Mckenzie. Grand Forks. Barnes. Putnam. Emmons. Preble Erie. Auglaize. Van Wert. Ransom. Pembina. Wood. Ramsey. Mecklenburg.

Coos. Delaware. Franklin. Blaine. Wagoner. Oklahoma. Crook. Grant. Lane. Custer. Linn Benton. Clackamas. Pottawatomie. Cuyahoga. Caddo. Portage. Marion. Muskogee. Lake. Wallowa. Columbia. Muskingum. Latimer. Kiowa. Stephens. Yamhill Baker. Lincoln. Delaware. Medina. Summit Ashtabula. Harper. Pushmataha. Douglas. Johnston. Geauga. Creek. Cherokee. Hocking. Greer. Choctaw. Morrow. Seminole Clatsop. Licking. Union. Knox. Noble. Haskell. Jackson. Sequoyah Alfalfa. Canadian. Hood River. Lorain. Washington Adair. Lake. Cotton. Jackson. Kay. Carroll. Sherman. Carter. Wasco. Josephine. Guernsey. Summit. Malheur. Tulsa. Garvin. Cimarron. Kingfisher. Rogers. Woods. Morgan. Lincoln. Comanche. Umatilla. Pittsburg. Josephine. Portage. Harrison. Hughes. Stark. Multnomah. Le Flore. Multnomah. Wheeler Clackamas. Woodward Canadian. Rogers. Osage. Ross. Cleveland. Vinton Creek. Gilliam. Coshocton. Craig. Major. Texas. Ellis. Harmon. Mcintosh. Okfuskee. Payne. Logan. Mayes. Polk. Okmulgee. Summit. Beckham. Mcclain.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Ohio Congressional District 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 1 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Cuyahoga. Union Ashland. Marshall. Ottawa. Grady. Washita. Deschutes. Love. Murray. Medina. Klamath. Madison. Mccurtain. Multnomah Benton. Jefferson. Trumbull Athens. Harney. Tillman Oklahoma. Beaver. Holmes. Tuscarawas. Curry. Wayne Mahoning. Tillamook Oklahoma (5) 2 3 4 5 Oregon (5) 1 2 3 4 5 20 . Trumbull Franklin. Atoka. Coal. Grant. Jefferson. Jackson. Nowata. Belmont. Pontotoc. Licking Cuyahoga. Washington. Garfield. Bryan. Roger Mills. Pawnee. Cuyahoga. Dewey.

Chester. Cumberland. Lancaster Berks.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Pennsylvania (19) Congressional District 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Delaware. Montgomery. Juniata. Philadelphia Bedford. York Bristol. Washington 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Rhode Island (2) 1 2 21 . Elk. Schuylkill Allegheny. Butler. Dauphin. Fulton. Clearfield. Lebanon. Northampton Berks. Montgomery Chester. Chester. Perry. Mercer. Providence. Philadelphia Armstrong. Montour. Perry. Fayette. Susquehanna. Providence Kent. Franklin. Venango. Wayne. Somerset. Mercer. Somerset Bradford. Greene. Mifflin. Cambria. Montgomery Bucks. Washington. Newport. Luzerne. Crawford. Lawrence. Blair. Erie. Cumberland. Venango. Armstrong. Warren Allegheny. Lycoming. Northumberland. Westmoreland Adams. Philadelphia Allegheny. Fayette. Cambria. Clarion. Monroe Allegheny. Clinton. Lackawanna. Mifflin. Snyder. Pike. Lackawanna. Westmoreland Cameron. Crawford. Columbia. Washington. Delaware. Philadelphia Montgomery. Jefferson. Montgomery. Indiana. Indiana. Mckean. Beaver. Union. Clearfield. Tioga. Butler. Lehigh. Warren Berks. Luzerne. Wyoming Carbon. Centre. Forest. Lycoming. Huntingdon. Potter. Sullivan. Westmoreland Montgomery.

Mcpherson. Corson. Lake. Orangeburg. Pickens. Chester. Mccook. Hand. Horry Aiken. Charles Mix. Kershaw. Anderson. Hyde. Williamsburg Aurora. Edgefield. Hutchinson. Union. Day. York Bamberg. Beaufort. Darlington. Sumter. Buffalo. Marlboro. Union Cherokee. Todd. Turner. Yankton. Dorchester. Sumter. Dorchester. Jasper. Laurens. Pennington. Lexington. Dillon. Custer. Marshall. Newberry. Georgetown. Charleston. Aiken.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) South Carolina (6) Congressional District 1 2 3 4 5 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Berkeley. Lawrence. Jones. Saluda Greenville. Lee. Roberts. Calhoun. Fall River. Spink. Colleton. Lyman. Beadle. Shannon. Allendale. Orangeburg. Hughes. Chesterfield. Marion. Minnehaha. Tripp. Grant. Spartanburg. Clark. Meade. Richland. Harding. Hanson. Mccormick. Dewey. Berkeley. Mellette. Greenwood. Oconee. Richland Abbeville. Bennett. Brown. Sanborn. Georgetown. Davison. Potter. Jerauld. Lancaster. Kingsbury. Clay. Calhoun. Moody. Perkins. Sully. Brule. Stanley. Deuel. Ziebach 6 South Dakota (1) 1 22 . Charleston. Gregory. Hamlin. Douglas. Butte. Lincoln. Lee. Codington. Campbell. Edmunds. Bon Homme. Fairfield. Barnwell. Brookings. Florence. Jackson. Miner. Faulk. Hampton. Walworth. Florence. Laurens. Clarendon. Haakon.

Hamblen. Meigs. Crockett. Stewart. Shelby. Grainger. Union Bledsoe. Hawkins. Obion. Washington Blount. Moore. Giles. Loudon. Hickman. Morgan. Lewis. Sequatchie. Cannon. Maury. Rhea. Grundy. White. Wilson Bedford. Overton.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Tennessee (9) 1 2 3 Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Carter. Decatur. Fentress. Wilson Cheatham. Knox. Jefferson. Marshall. Johnson. Hancock. Chester. Sevier. Coffee. Humphreys. Macon. Henderson. Davidson. Lauderdale. Scott. Unicoi. Cocke. Gibson. Dickson. De Kalb. Williamson Benton. Perry. Sumner. Hickman. Carroll. Hamilton. Sullivan. Bradley. Polk. Dyer. Lake. Marion. Cumberland. Franklin. Henry. Roane. Jackson. Pickett. Monroe. Montgomery. Warren. Weakley Shelby 4 5 6 7 8 9 23 . Madison. Hardeman. Lawrence. Robertson. Montgomery. Claiborne. Mcnairy. Lincoln. Rutherford. Greene. Sevier Anderson. Roane. Clay. Jefferson. Shelby. Van Buren. Houston. Mcminn. Haywood. Fayette. Trousdale. Davidson. Hardin. Wayne. Williamson Cheatham. Smith. Campbell. Tipton. Putnam.

Brazoria. Hidalgo. San Saba. Galveston. Limestone. Henderson. Floyd. Hartley. Cottle. Hutchinson. Montague. Wilbarger Aransas. Hall. Gregg. Donley. Kleberg. Titus. Swisher. Nacogdoches. Live Oak. Falls. Madison. Cooke. Hamilton. Hardeman. Castro. Tarrant Archer. Fayette. Nueces. Upshur. Coryell. Wichita. Armstrong. Hunt. Shelby. Brooks. Baylor. Mills. Delta. Montgomery Chambers. San Jacinto. Randall. Lampasas. Tyler. Williamson Parker. Morris. Freestone. Hemphill. Jasper. Bastrop. Cass. Polk. Cherokee. Briscoe. Lavaca. Crosby. Franklin. Wood Angelina. Kaufman. Red River. Refugio. Montgomery. Van Zandt Anderson. Gonzales. Hill. Oldham. Marion. Karnes. Newton. Harrison. Childress. Liberty. Wilson Bee. Rains. Jackson. Matagorda. Grayson. Milam. Tarrant Harris Harris. Foard. Kaufman. Hopkins. Camp. Dallam. Ochiltree. Mclennan. De Witt. Hays. Gray. Panola. Dallas Collin. Collingsworth. Hale. Houston. Hardin. Wharton. San Augustine. Colorado. Rusk.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Texas (32) 1 Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Bowie. San Patricio El Paso 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 24 . Lamar. Knox. Navarro. Wheeler. Calhoun. Deaf Smith. Motley. King. Clay. Caldwell. Sherman. Jefferson Travis Bell. Guadalupe. Victoria. Smith. Garza. Hansford. Dickens. Grimes. Mclennan. Harris. Lamb. Nacogdoches. Bosque. Robertson Ellis. Moore. Johnson. Sabine. Orange. Rockwall. Goliad. Lipscomb. Dallas. Fannin. Carson. Roberts. Hunt. Potter. Trinity. Leon. Walker Collin.

Daggett. Starr. Juab. Morgan. Hockley. Salt Lake. Young Harris Andrews. Sterling. Ward. Maverick. Kendall. Davis. El Paso. Jim Wells. Rutland. Comal. Wayne Beaver. Wise. Stephens. Juab. Frio. Washington. Cochran. Runnels. Essex. Garza. Tarrant. Midland. Mcmullen. Denton. Nolan. Concho. Jim Hogg. Burnet. Kinney. Tom Green. Culberson. Edwards. Emery. Llano. Lubbock. Summit. Tooele. Caledonia. Haskell. Coleman. Lynn. Eastland. Iron. Duval. Rich. Lamoille. Reeves. Fort Bend. Gaines. Wasatch. Brazos. Presidio. Val Verde. Bexar. Callahan. La Salle. Kenedy. Mitchell. Scurry. Garfield. Harris Collin. Uintah. Howard. Reagan. Kleberg. Cache. Dawson. Taylor. Somervell. Willacy Atascosa. Yoakum Bexar Bandera. Jack. Chittenden. Utah Addison. Menard. Kent. Harris. Nueces. Franklin. Uvalde. Millard. Hudspeth. Williamson Dallas Box Elder. Dimmit. Terrell. Zapata Harris Dallas Austin. Medina. Upton. Mcculloch. Zavala Dallas. Jones. Blanco. Jeff Davis. Comanche. Tarrant Fort Bend. Parmer. Harris Bexar. Webb. Lamb. Irion. Salt Lake. Brewster. Kerr. Salt Lake. San Juan. Pecos. Travis Brazoria. Windsor 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 Utah (3) 1 2 3 Vermont (1) 1 25 . Brown. Bastrop. Ector. Palo Pinto. Schleicher. Wise Cameron. Bailey. Grand Isle. Hays. Orleans. Loving. Sanpete. Weber Carbon. Kane. Shackelford. Grand. Erath. Duchesne. Martin. Washington. Throckmorton. Fisher. Glasscock. Washington. Sevier. Hood. Real. Gillespie. Mason. Lee. Kimble. Bennington.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Texas (32) Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Borden. Utah. Piute. Terry. Bexar. Sutton. Stonewall. Orange. Hidalgo. Crane. Winkler. Waller. Windham. Crockett. Coke. Burleson.

Westmoreland. King George. Richmond (City) Arlington. Washington. Portsmouth (City). Wise. Newport News (City). Fairfax (City) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 26 . Mecklenburg. Brunswick. Isle Of Wight. Prince William. Roanoke (City). Loudoun. Middlesex. Hopewell (City). Isle Of Wight. King And Queen. Brunswick. Fredericksbrg (City). Prince William. Franklin. James City. Northampton. Bristol (City). Dickenson. Rappahannock. Manassas (City). Hampton (City). Grayson. Amherst. Stafford. James City. Fauquier. Williamsburg (City) Accomack. Appomattox. Chesterfield. Southampton. Essex. Lee. Emporia (City). Nottoway. Richmond. Louisa. Harrisonburg (City). Lexington (City). Wythe. Alexandria (City). New Kent. Page. Mathews. Pulaski. Highland. Covington (City). Shenandoah. Manassas Park (City). Campbell. Chesterfield. Salem (City). Bedford. Smyth. Cumberland. Pittsylvania. Prince George. Bedford. Gloucester. York. Hampton (City). Suffolk (City) Albemarle. Hampton (City). Bath. Montgomery. Buckingham. Henrico. Staunton (City). Petersburg (City). Prince George. Northumberland. Buchanan. Radford (City) Clarke. Rockingham. Halifax. Madison. Fluvanna. Richmond (City) Amelia. King William. Roanoke. Falls Church (City) Alleghany. Goochland. Bland. Danville (City). Henry. Franklin (City). Martinsville (City) Alleghany. Waynesboro (City) Caroline. Giles. Virginia Beach (City) Charles City. Patrick. Culpeper. Spotsylvania. Colonial Hghts (City). Nelson. Lunenburg. Greensville. Fairfax. Winchester Fairfax. Dinwiddie. Floyd. Chesapeake (City). Warren. Newport News (City). Roanoke. Orange. Poquoson (City). Russell. Galax (City). Henry. Scott. Botetourt. Craig. Prince William. Lancaster. Henrico. Covington (City). Norton (City). Lynchburg (City). Sussex. Fairfax. Hanover. Bedford (City). Tazewell. Rockbridge. Charlttsvlle (City). Carroll. Prince Edward. Powhatan. Augusta. Charlotte. Surry. Norfolk (City). Norfolk (City). Greene. Spotsylvania. Buena Vista (City). Frederick.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Virginia (11) Congressional District County (County-Like-Unit) Name Caroline. Fauquier. Clifton Forge (City).

Lewis. Webster. Thurston. Tyler. Tucker. Ferry. King. Wirt Boone. Pleasants. Fayette. Spokane. Snohomish. Jefferson. Nicholas. Pend Oreille. Columbia. Raleigh. Lewis. Snohomish Island. Whitman Clallam. Pendleton. Jefferson. Stevens. Hampshire. Harrison. Skamania. Greenbrier. Mcdowell. Hancock. Marion. Benton. Franklin. Wahkiakum Adams. Monroe. Cowlitz. Pierce King King. Mason. Walla Walla. Putnam. Ritchie. Taylor. Jackson. Lincoln. Grays Harbor. Grant. Mineral. Monongalia. Lincoln. Mercer. Mason. Kitsap. Chelan. Klickitat. Skamania. Brooke. Asotin. Pierce. Kanawha. Thurston Barbour. Wetzel. San Juan. Roane. Summers. Upshur. Garfield. Preston. Pacific. Kittitas. Mingo. Gilmer. Okanogan. Wayne. Yakima Adams. Clay. Morgan. Cabell. Whatcom Clark. Wood Berkeley. Hardy. Grant. Pierce King. Randolph. Wyoming 2 3 27 . Skagit. Doddridge.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Washington (9) Congressional District 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 West Virginia (3) 1 County (County-Like-Unit) Name King. Marshall. Pocahontas. Logan. Calhoun. Kitsap. Braxton. Douglas. Ohio.

Sawyer. Walworth. Laramie. Sheboygan. Outagamie. Oneida. Vernon Milwaukee Jefferson. Ozaukee. Eau Claire. Sweetwater. Lafayette. Iron. Washington. Clark. Sauk. Juneau. Pierce. Marathon. Uinta. Green. Menominee. Oconto. Manitowoc. Forest. Jefferson. Sauk. Trempealeau. Burnett. Crook. Portage. Niobrara. Rusk. Sheridan. Park. Milwaukee. St Croix. Calumet. Dodge. Langlade. Waushara. Douglas. Taylor. Shawano. Fremont. Clark. Goshen. Converse. Campbell. Calumet. Walworth Buffalo. Carbon. Waupaca Albany. Chippewa. Outagamie. Marquette. Milwaukee. Jackson. Grant. Langlade. Dane. Big Horn. Natrona. Crawford. Door. La Crosse. Hot Springs. Pepin. Platte. Winnebago Ashland. Lincoln. Dunn. Green Lake. Fond Du Lac. Florence. Marinette. Oneida. Washakie. Iowa. Vilas. Monroe. Wood Brown. Price. Rock. Rock. Sublette. Bayfield. Lincoln. Waukesha Columbia. Johnson. Kewaunee. Richland. Polk. Weston 3 4 5 6 7 8 Wyoming (1) 1 28 . Teton. Barron. Waukesha Adams.Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name (Number of CDs) Wisconsin (8) Congressional District 1 2 County (County-Like-Unit) Name Kenosha. Racine. Jefferson. Washburn.

B. it was necessary to translate NAICS and SIC categories into Lines of Business. Exhibit 3 shows the crosswalks between Lines of Business and SIC codes. Business Lines Study Database “Atoms” Information for this study is broken down by line of business. Therefore. The lowest level of detail at which the study database was managed is business line within a geographic cell. the federal government organizes economic information according to different classification systems.” Industry Code Definitions The IFA Educational Foundation supplied a list of Lines of Business to be used in the study. However. which in some cases have been elaborated to the eight-digit level by Dun & Bradstreet. This is referred to as a database “atom. 29 . including the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). Exhibit 2 shows the crosswalks between Lines of Business and NAICS codes.

483112. 522390-524128. 561300561499. 453930 Gasoline Service Stations 447000-447190 Beverage Bottling 312110-312112. 514200-514210. 488320. 446000-446199. 561700561790. 483211. 522298. 541330. 541340Services 541370. 484000484230. 532200-532310. 812000-812990 Product Distribution Sectors Automotive and Truck Dealers 421110. 610000-713990. 448410. 541410. 562000-562998 Quick Service Restaurants 722200-722213 Table/Full Service Restaurants 722100-722110. 811200-811219. 541920-541922. 532400541219. 525900-525990. 441100-441229. 488500-488991. 492000493190. 339950. 811100-811198 Commercial and Residential 230000-235990. 483114. 561500-561599. 811400-811490 Business Services 323000-323122. 722400-722410 Retail Food 311811. 541310-541320. 522310. 522000522292. 441300-441320. 532100-532120. 487000-487990. 485000-485999.561600-561622. 522300. 481212482112. 541990-561110. 448000453920. 483111. 445000-445299. 524130-525190. 522320. 481112. 561200-561210. 541380-541400. 445300-445310 Non-Franchise Sectors All Non-Business Format and All NAICS categories not listed above Non-Product Distribution 30 . 722300-722330 Lodging 721000-721310 Real Estate 531000-531390 Retail Products and Services 442000-444200. 541420541910. 541930. 453990-454319. 481211.Exhibit 2 Business Line Automotive NAICS Codes Business Format Sectors 421120-421140. 561900-561990. 522293-522294. 483113. 483212. 541940. 422810. 811300-811310 Personal Services 481111.

5451. 7542. 1731. 76990400-76990403. 5441. 7378. 5651. 5912. 5999. 5311. 58129903. 5421010054210102. 5719. 5983-5984. 1382. 5812030058120315. 57310100-57310101. 1622-1623.5734-5736. 1761. 73890600-73890603. 59639901-59639907. 87480203 Quick Service Restaurants 58120000. 1799. 58129907. 5941-5949. 5813 Retail Food 47890201-47890202. 5989. 7389020073890211. 72990900-72990904. 1531. 58129904. 58129909. 58120500-58120502. 5251. 1711. 5961-5962. 4785. 7513-7515. 1791. 72190200-72190201. 17931796. 7221. 7549. 7352.5661. 5632. 76992400-76992403 Commercial and Residential 0781-0783. 76990300-76990304. 5641. 73590700-73590706. 1781. 5712-5714. 5231. 7335. 5431. 72190102. 73590300-73590301. 58120200-58120206. 59630300-59630304. 57319901. 58129902. 7389080073890802. 54210201-54210202. 72190203-72190204. 76991700-76991705. 59630200-59630207 Lodging 7011. 7532-7539. 7032-7033. 73590100-73590103. 73590900-73590901. 73590600-73590601. 73899905-73899906. 57319902-57319910. 8712-8713. 8744. 73590200-73590202. 5531. 73599904. 73899909-73899913. 72199901. 5812060058120602. 87480201. 72190100. 6552. 73899948. 5211. 58120700-58120702. 7021. 1721. 5411. 1751-1752.58129905 Table/Full Service Restaurants 58120100-58120117. 1629. Business Line 31 .59630100-59630103. 7041 Real Estate 42259902-42259903. 54210000. 5261. 58129901. 72190104.58129906.Exhibit 3 SIC Codes Business Format Sectors Automotive 5013-5015.59925995. 7349. 73599901-73599912. 76990200-76990202. 7251. Services 1611. 4953. 17411743. 5932. 5461. 1541-1542. 1521-1522. 5611. 76992600-76992601. 59630400-59630405. 1771. 6531 Retail Products and Services 5087.58120400-58120405. 73590800-73590802. 4212-9907. 6512-6519. 7519. 4959. 5621. 58120800-58120802. 5399. 7217. 7342. 5722. 5331. 76992500-76992503. 4581. 5699. 57310200-57310203. 73590000. 5499.

7699181176991812. 79991510. 73899907-73899908. 7841. 73891600-73891603. 6792. 7622. 67330103. 6712. 76991900-76991903. 76991800-76991808. 42129908-42129913. 60999903. 73891104. 4013. 7629. 7319. 73891700-73891704. 7389040973890412. 73899938. 3999. 4424. 61110102-61110104. 73227323. 7389040073890401. 73891500-73891503. 4449. 80999903 2396. 2796. 79991400. 63119908. 3769. 7359040173590402. 60990000. 73891800-73891803. 42129901-42129906. 61539901. 4412. 76992300-76992302. 73590500-73590506. 76999901-76999909. 6082. 7699090076990909. 4491. 4741. 7336. 6411. 79999911. 2782. 42120200-42120202. 73890305-73890311. 45229901. 7338. 7334. 76239903. 3724. 76992002-76992003. 2732. 73899904. 3764. 7389991073899912. 2752. 32 Business Services . 2789. 60990100-60990103. 6019. 4011. 73890700-73890703. 76990100-76990108. 42259901. 7999140879991411. 2754. 73899914-73899935. 73891400-73891408. 4432. 7389030073890303. 73890000. 76992100-76992102. 7361. 45129901. 73890204-73890209. 76990000. 4213-4215. 61119906. 73890403-73890404. 4226. 7379. 7381-7382. 73891605. 72990401. 6541. 7291. 73891706. 79990500-79990503. 79990201. 6794. 76999911-76999912. 4731. 2791. 73891304-73891312. 79999914. 7699070076990703. 7331. 79991403. 6719. 45120000. 42120300-42120302. 7373-7374. 63219905. 3761. 76992000. 7376-7377. 79991406.Exhibit 3 (Continued) Business Line SIC Codes 73899936. 7363. 42120400-42120402. 7371. 7311-7313. 61119902-61119903. 42120100-42120103. 3993. 7699160076991603. 76991500-76991503. 73891000-73891008. 4783. 76992700-76992701. 45220000. 76239901. 7641. 4513. 7631. 5199. 73891900-73891902. 3728. 76991000-76991002. 73899954. 76230000. 3721. 2761. 76990800-76990802. 78190404. 7389090073890903. 73891200-73891202. 73891300-73891301. 4499. 2759. 7353. 4221-4222. 7699130076991303. 6371.

6091. 6722. 76990500-76990508. 7922030079220307. 7299120072991203. 6231. 87480400-87480402. 6321020063210203. 78190105. 76991400-76991402. 7389050073890503. 41414142. 6733010067330102. 4729. 4131. 7211-7213. 6061-6062. 6153010061530101. 63110100-63110103. 8721. 6331. 7215-7216. 6324. 79220100-79220102. 73899955-73899962. 73891302-73891303. 78190401. 4121. 76999913-76999914. 6211. 7383-7384. 6029. 8111. 87480202. 47244725. 78190100. 72990600-72990607. 60216022. 79220403. 47890301-47890302. 63210100-63210102. 6111010061110101. 73899963. 72190400-72190402. 6162-6163. 73899953. 6361. 72199902. 76992200-76992212. 61110200-61110202. 87480000. 8711. 6553. 4111. 6798-6799. 76991100-76991103. 73891106. 61530200-61530202. 6221. 87480204.79220400-79220401.Exhibit 3 (Continued) Business Line SIC Codes 73899940-73899947. 6159. 73890101-73890106. 7299100072991002. 76991200-76991202. 76239904. 7694. 72990400. 61119907. 7299070072990702. 7911. 76991204-76991207. 0752. 79220105-79220106. 4481-4482. 76999910. 78190104. 7299010072990106. 6726. 4489. 72190101. 33 Personal Services . 4119. 7521. 79220200-79220203. 7231. 6282. 72190103. 6081. 7299050072990504. 6141. 4151. 6351. 87489903-87489909 0741-0742. 6311990163119907. 76991706. 73899964-73899967. 8741-8743. 72991100-72991105. 79220500-79220502. 60999904-60999912. 6289. 76992702. 7922010379220104. 72990402. 60999902. 73899949. 72990200-72990203. 8748030087480302. 73899901-73899903. 4493. 7241. 73890402. 61119901. 61119904-61119905. 7299030072990302. 87480200. 72999901-72999912. 45220101-45220103. 6153030061539904. 73899951-73899952. 6399. 45129903. 72190300-72190302. 7692. 8731-8734. 7218. 63219901-63219904. 67339901. 4899. 7261. 6035-6036. 72990800-72990802. 87489901. 45229902-45229904. 7819010278190103.

7999160079991604. 8331. 79990800-79990804.Exhibit 3 (Continued) SIC Codes 79220600-79220602. 8041-8043. 7999020279990205. 7999991279999913. 79990300-79990303. 5921 Non-Franchise Sectors All Non-Business Format and All SIC categories not listed above Non-Product Distribution Business Line 34 . 79991000-79991007. 7991-7993. 5521. 80990200-80990203. 8059. 7999150079991509. 8021. 8099010080990104. 8071. 7929. 79991511-79991516. 79991412.7999130079991306. 7999140479991405. 5511. 8243-8244. 5551. 87480101-87480102. 79229901-79229904. 7999040079990403. 8211. 79991401-79991402. 8099990180999902. 7999110079991127. 8069. 5271. 8699. 79990100-79990103. 5149. 8092-8093. 5181. 82218222. 80628063. 79991407. 8299. 8322. 8049. 79999915-79999918. 80999904-80999909. 8051-8052. 8249. 7996-7997. 8361. 5561. 79999901-79999910. 7999070079990705. 8031. 8011. 79990600-79990603. 87489902 Product Distribution Sectors Automotive and Truck Dealers 5012. 8422. 79991200-79991205. 8412. 7933. 7999090079990903. 7948. 8351. 79990200. 7941. 8082. 5599 Gasoline Service Stations 5541 Beverage Bottling 2086. 5571.

2001 projections from 2000 database) – IMPLAN is a regional input-output model that can address a wide range of impact topics in a given region (county. State.S. The model is primarily based on government data sources (BEA. payroll. 35 . and county levels for establishments with at least one paid employee. IMPLAN (Minnesota IMPLAN Group. and payroll broken down by industry at the national. Nonemployer Statistics (U. County Business Patterns (U. Output values were obtained from IMPLAN at the Congressional District. Census Bureau. State. CBP does not indicate whether an establishment is part of a franchise system. and establishments. payroll. Oct-Dec 2003) – D&B has information on more than 13 million business establishments in the United States. employment. D&B MarketPlace CD-Rom (Dun & Bradstreet. State. or the country as a whole). Industry classifications are based on NAICS codes. NES does not indicate whether an establishment is part of a franchise system. and national levels. output.000 or more. 2001) – CBP contains data on the number of establishments. and establishment values were obtained at the atom level from two databases: County Business Patterns and Nonemployer Statistics. Inc. The information includes the number of establishments and employment at the national. and output that exist because of franchised businesses. as well as jobs. The database indicates which establishments are franchised businesses. Databases Key Economic Measures The key economic measures in this study are employment (jobs).. and it includes a breakdown of franchised establishments into franchisor-owned or franchisee-owned. Franchise Indicators None of the above databases contain information on franchising. payroll. Each nonemployer is assumed to have one employee-equivalent. differentiated by type of ownership. and is used to estimate output in franchised businesses. State. BLS. Census Bureau. State. in additional to industry detail based on 1987 SIC codes (which D&B elaborates to the eight-digit level).S. Data about franchising were obtained from two other sources: D&B MarketPlace CD-Rom and a Survey of IFA members. and county levels. and county levels that have no paid employees and annual business receipts of $1. and Census). Nonemployers are typically selfemployed individuals or partnerships operating unincorporated businesses. 2001) – NES contains data on the number of establishments at the national.C. Total employment.

Survey (IFA-EF. Over 70 percent of large franchise systems responded. 36 . The survey questionnaire is Exhibit 4. They were further asked to identify the business line of their operation and to breakout their responses by franchisor-owned and franchisee-owned establishments. December 2003) – The survey database contains responses to a questionnaire that the IFA Educational Foundation invited all IFA franchisor members to complete. A large franchise system is defined to be one with 500 or more operating units. number of employees. An additional group of non-members with 200 or more operating units was also invited to complete the questionnaire. and total payroll in the franchise system as of December 31. Franchisors were asked for informa tion about the number of units. total sales. 2002.

DC 20005-3333 37 . please read the instructions and review the Definitions & Terminology (Attachment 2). Options 1 and 2—email the survey to FranchiseSurvey@us. Follow these steps: Step 1: Provide the contact information for the person in charge of completing the survey. NW. Option 2 Fill in your responses on this Word Survey Form. L. Step 3: Provide the requested data. You may refer to the Word Survey Form included in this package as needed. and send it via regular mail to the address below.P.pwc. 1301 K Street. Option 3—send the survey to Economic Impact Survey of Franc hising PricewaterhouseCoopers. Option 1—(preferred) Fill in the Excel Form that is attached to the IFA Economic Impact Survey package. Step 2: Check the box for your system’s Primary Line of Business. Step 4: Submit the survey to PwC based on the option chosen from above. Option 3 (least preferred) Print the Word Survey Form and manually fill in your responses.Exhibit 4 IFA Educational Foundation Economic Impact of Franchising Survey Instructions Before completing the survey. copy the Excel Form (Option 1) or the Word Survey Form (Option 2) to a diskette or CD.L. There are three options for completing and submitting the survey. please provide your best estimate. complete a separate survey for each distinct business line.com If you do not wish to send your system’s data over the internet. Suite 800W Washington. If you do not have actual numbers. If your system has franchises in more than one business line.

and lawn care Quick Service Restaurants: fast food. Real Estate Retail Products & Services: beauty products.Exhibit 4 (Continued) IFA Educational Foundation Economic Impact of Franchising Survey Word Survey Form Step 1 —Survey Contact Information Please provide contact information for the person in charge of completing this survey. candy. travel services. and other retail Business Services: business services. please complete another separate survey for each line of business. and carryout Table/Full Service Restaurants Food Retail: beverages. photo products and services. computer products and services. snacks. hair care. Company Name: Contact Person: Title: Phone Number: E. pizza. and services Commercial & Residential Services: construction. cleaning services. sports and recreation. all other food Lodging: hotels. restoration and repair. personnel services. and security services Personal Services: health and fitness. parts. video rental and sales.mail Address: _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Step 2 —Primary Line of Business Check only one box below to indicate your company’s primary line of business. packaging services. printing and publishing. pet products and services. If your company has franchises in more than one distinct line of business. maintenance. campgrounds. party goods and services. coffee. [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] Automotive: automotive repair. etc. and other personal services Other: other lines of business not included elsewhere 38 [] [] [] .

based) c) Franchisor offices (U. based) c) Franchisor offices (U. Employees on the reference date 4. you may provide it as a substitute.S. attach a printed list to this form.S. based) c) Franchisor offices (U. • If you are unable to provide actual numbers. based) b) Franchisee-owned (U.S. Gross Sales for the reference year [ ] Another date (please specify) a) Company-owned (U. List all units and franchisor offices (see example.S. o If available data is for a fiscal year. 39 . a number. Units open and operating in the U. o For example.S.S. franchisee-owned. If you are manually filling in the information on the Word Survey Form (Option 3). on the reference date 2.S. provide us with your best estimate and check the box on the right. if you do not know the actual number of employees in your franchised units. • Refer to the Definitions and Terminology (Attachment 2) • The reference date for all responses is the calendar year ending December 31. • You may submit your answers on this form or in an Excel spreadsheet attached to this email package (Option 1). Provide the following information for each unit -(a) Ownership type—company-owned. Reference Date: [ ] 12/31/2002 1. based) b) Franchisee-owned (U. NOTE: If you have a company report that contains this information. based) Estimated? [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] 3. an abbreviated name. Please see Attachment 1 for an example of the Excel spreadsheet. or franchisor office (b) Unit ID—a unique identifier for the unit. based) b) Franchisee-owned (U.S.S. i. an alphanumeric code.S.. indicate this below and provide the year end date. Payroll for the reference year a) Company-owned (U. 2002.Exhibit 4 (Continued) IFA Educational Foundation Economic Impact of Franchising Survey Step 3 —Franchise System Information Please provide the information requested below. based) b) Franchisee-owned (U. (c) Zip Code where the unit is located (d) Gross Sales If you are using the Word Survey Form (Option 2). Attachment 1). based) c) Franchisor offices: Direct sales through other distribution channels a) Company-owned (U. based) a) Company-owned (U. etc. based) 5.e.S. paste your list below. estimate it based on the number of employees per unit in company-owned units.S.

00 234.00 18.530. Item 5: Unit Listing Ownership Type Franchisor Office Compny Owned Company Owned Franchisee-owned Unit ID 01 C11 C12 F51 Zip Code of Unit Location 20002 $ 13326 $ 16667 $ 13345 $ Unit Gross Sales 1. Payroll for the reference year a) Company-owned (US based) b) Franchisee-owned (US based) c) Franchisor offices (US based) Example for Step 3.662.019.987.00 Franchisee-owned Franchisee-owned F52 F53 13467 $ 20017 $ 123.44 6.203.974.98 4. Items 1 – 4 Indicate the reference date for your answers. Year-end 12/31/2002 Other Year-end X Specify 9/30/2002 Estimated? If so. Gross Sales for the reference year a) Company-owned (US based) b) Franchisee-owned (US based) c) Franchisor Offices direct sales through other distribution channels 3.000.Exhibit 4 (Continued) Attachment 1 Sample Excel Spreadsheet Example responses for Step 3.584. Units open and operating on the reference date a) Company-owned (US based) b) Franchisee-owned (US based) c) Franchisor offices (US based) 25 41 4 $ $ $ 10.36 x x x x 2.80 261 462 99 $ $ $ 3.790. Employees on the reference date a) Company-owned (US based) b) Franchisee-owned (US based) c) Franchisor offices (US based) 4.697. place an X here.00 1.195.197.430.006.00 40 .409.551.56 2.654.752. 1.00 562.36 765.587.225.

Exhibit 4 (Continued) Attachment 2 Definitions & Terminology Unit : An establishment—a single physical location.S.S. products are sold. service providers.. based franchised units. and real estate income All revenue from non-U. Includes: . master license agreements) paid back to U. Does not include: • • Employee: An individual who receives a salary or wage for work at a company or franchiseeowned. Includes: • • • Full. Sales of products and services to U.-based franchised units. or a company office. the employee count should equal “one.S. Include both franchisee-owned and company-owned units. unit. at which business is conducted. This includes: • • • Direct sales to final customers by franchisor (eg. operations.S.or Franchisee-owned units : All receipts from the sale of goods or services to final consumers by units located within one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia. sales of new franchises..time and part-time individuals Individuals that work at franchisor offices If no additional individuals work for the franchise..or franchisee-owned unit. Gross Sales—Franchisor Office Direct Sales through Other Distribution Channels: Franchisor sales not conducted by a company. Internet sales) Franchise fees. Include only units in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.” Outside consultants. Gross Sales—Company. franchises (eg. Royalties and advertising fees received from U. regardless of the number of franchise brands. and independent contractors Salaries and wages Reported tips Commissions and bonuses Vacation and sick leave pay Employee contributions to FICA and pension plans The value of taxable fringe benefits Amounts paid to franchisor officers and executives 41 Does not include: • • • • • • • • Payroll: All forms of employee compensation. or services are performed.

42 . establishment. and Scheuren. F. and the total of atom values within a State equalled the CBP total for the State. Thus. and payroll values are complete within business lines. H. 1 Oh. Survey Methodology. employment. a “national” level matrix was set up with 51 rows representing the States and the District of Columbia and 13 columns representing the Lines of Business. and the column-row intersections are the State atoms. At the State level. In this case. employment and payroll. we used a twostage raking methodology to develop atom. L. the rows of the matrix are the geographic cells of a State. the columns are business lines within the State. the midpoint of the range of values provided in the CBP database was used to determine an initial starting value. employment. And at the atom level some information is suppressed due to federal concerns over disclosure. vol. Estimation Methods Data Preparation County Business Patterns – The objective is to drive CBP establishment. Similarly the row totals did not match the CBP State counts of establishments. employment. To overcome these problems. 2. pp.e. A similar process was then conducted for each State. we had establishment. establishment. A standard “raking” algorithm 1 was used to adjust the cell values so that both column and row totals matched the corresponding CBP business line and State establishment totals. by business line within geographic cell. Raking was performed so that the rows totalled to the CBP number of establishments within each State geographic cell and the columns totalled to the number of establishments within each business line in the State. (1987). no. i. When an exact total was not known for a cell.level values of establishments. The total of atom values within a business line equalled the CBP national business line total. At the national level. 13. employment and payroll data down to the atomic level.D. First. but not by business line. Modified Raking Ratio Estimation. Because all the element values were not exactly specified. an element value at the intersection of a row and a column is the total number of establishments for a State (row) and a business line (column). and payroll values are complete. 209-219. the column totals did not match the CBP national establishment counts for businesses in the 13 business lines. A total across all the atoms with respect to an economic variable was the CBP national total for that variable. The following is a summary of the methodology as applied to the establishment data. An analogous process was applied to the employment and payroll data. and payroll values for each atom in every State. After the raking process was finished. The State-business line establishment values are obtained from the first round of raking.

“Government” Values – The CBP and NES atom.Nonemployer Statistics – NES establishment values were broken down by atom. and sales 43 . IFA-EF Survey Responses – The Survey response data were checked for consistency and quality of the information.level payrollequivalent for nonemployers was determined by multiplying the atom employeeequivalent value by the CBP payroll per employee for the same atom. the D&B establishment value was used as the independent variable. D&B MarketPlace CD-ROM – D&B establishment and employment data were broken down by atom. Therefore the atom. In many instances. Once this process is completed we have D&B establishment counts and franchised establishment counts for every atom in every State.and franchisee-owned units. no government information was found. However.in” the D&B establishment counts for atoms where the government databases show establishments exist.level establishment. A second set of business line regression models was used to impute franchised establishment counts into atoms where D&B values were missing. Most respondents provided actual values for only the number of franchisor. For a few atoms. employment. and the D&B establishment value is the dependent variable. and the establishment.level employee-equivalent count was set to the same value as the atom. and payroll values were added together to obtain atom. we had establishment. and the D&B franchised establishment value was the dependent variable. in that it lists about 13 million establishments while the government databases account for over 24 million establishments.level values based on government data (“government” values). employment and payroll values for each atom in each State. For these regressions. The employment. employment. A similar process was used to impute missing D&B employment values. and payroll values were set to zero.level number of establishments. To “fill. This information was merged with the government values. Each nonemployer was assumed to have one employee-equivalent. After this process was completed. D&B is only a partial listing of business establishments in the U. an atom has a government count of establishments but no D&B establishment count. The atom.level counts of nonemployer establishments. The “fitted” regression model of a business line is used to impute a D&B establishment value into atoms of the business line where this information is missing. The government establishment value within all atoms of a business line is the independent variable. payroll.S. A raking process similar to the one used on the CBP data was used to determine atom. a regression model is fit to the data within each business line.

The data from respondents who were able to provide the complete details that were asked for in the Survey was used to perform diagnostic comparisons with D&B data. Direct Economic Impact Estimates Estimates of the economic activity occurring in franchised businesses were computed for the 13 Lines of Business. franchisorowned establishment. and franchisee-owned establishment information was organized by the 10 business format Lines of Business so that it was comparable to the Survey data. We assumed that the number of franchise systems in all other business sectors is zero. 44 . We extracted the total (franchise and non-franchise) 2000 output values for each State. and franchisee-owned establishment values were aggregated within business lines without regard to geographic location. many respondents did not supply a geographic breakdown of the establishments. For business format Lines of Business. Because we have combined many industry classification codes together to form the business lines. 1. Additionally. In preparation for the comparisons. The franchised establishment. We were able to construct a way to determine the total output for the two franchising models : Business Format and Product Distribution.values were generally estimated. For each Line of Business the adjusted D&B establishment count is the D&B establishment count multiplied by the ratio of the Survey establishment count to the Corresponding D&B establishment count. franchisor-owned establishment. These comparisons led us to conclude that the best use of the Survey data was to compare the unit counts from all properly completed surveys with D&B establishment counts for the same respondents. the follow steps are taken. IMPLAN – The model database contains output data for the year 2000 along with growth rates. and multiplied the values by the appropriate growth rate to obtain 2001 total output. as well as each Congressional District. it was not possible to breakdown the output values by Lines of Business. Adjusted D&B Franchised Establishments – The IFA-EF Survey data were used to adjust the D&B franchised establishment counts. franchised establishment. Corresponding D&B Data – D&B information on each Survey respondent (“Corresponding D&B data”) was extracted. The Survey relates to 10 Lines of Business in which business format franchising is found.

2000. and visa versa. and the Automotive and Truck Dealer Lines of Business were calculated differently. For product distribution Lines of Business.adjusted D&B establishment count. 4. Franchised business within these Lines of Business were not surveyed. The adjusted D&B number of franchisor. An examination of the Corresponding D&B data revealed that D&B occasionally assigned a full service restaurant SIC code to a quick service restaurant.and franchisee-owned establishments. so they are applied at the State level within the two restaurant business lines. Census Bureau contains information on the number of franchisor. For each atom.2. so we used the ratio of Survey establishment counts to the Corresponding D&B establishment counts across all business format Lines of Bus iness as the adjustment factor.and franchisee. a modified version of the above procedure is used. These percentages are available by State. Table/Full Service Restaurant. The estimated number of franchised establishments is the sum of the franchisor. However. We decided that the proper remedy for the circumstance was to apply the percentages of franchisor. The atom’s adjusted D&B establishment count is the sum of the franchisor.S. Franchised Establishments – In general. The D&B adjusted franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishment count is the total number of D&B franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishments multiplied by the ratio of the Survey franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishment count to the Corresponding D&B franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishment count.and franchisee-owned establishments from the 1997 Economic Census as this is the best information available. The Accommodation & Foodservices—Subject Series2 from the 1997 Economic Census of the U. the adjusted D&B franchisor (franchisee)-owned establishment count is the atom’s Line of Business adjusted D&B franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishment count from step (3) multiplied by the atom’s proportion of D&B franchised establishments for the business line. 3.and franchisee-owned full service and limited service restaurants.and franchisee-owned establishments for each business format business line is determined using a raking procedure. The adjusted D&B establishment count is the atom’s D&B franchise count multiplied by the adjustment factor. the estimated number of franchisor (franchisee)-owned establishments within an atom is the adjusted D&B establishment count multiplied by the atom’s ratio of the government employee number to the D&B employee number. No breakout between franchisor. the number of franchised establishments for the Quick Service Restaurant. 45 . Our estimates for the combination of the Quick Service and Full Service business lines using the method described above were consistent with the 1997 Economic Census number (considering growth from 1997 to 2001). 2 Release December 15.and franchisee-owned establishments is considered. but the values for each business line separately were not consistent.

State. The model calculated direct franchising output based on average output-per-worker ratios at the national. Some indirect effects cross geographic boundaries. Accordingly. franchisee-owned business format franchises. we assumed that all new car dealers were product distribution franchised businesses.and franchisee-owned establishments. Therefore.The method for determining the number of franchised businesses in the Automotive and Truck Dealer business line was based on information from industry sources. Payroll – The payroll of franchised establishments was computed within each atom by multiplying the estimated number of franchisor/franchisee employees by the atom government payroll per employee ratio. 46 . cross-State indirect effects were allocated to States proportional to each State’s indirect effects. adding Congressional District direct or indirect effects would result in overcounting at the State level. and Congressional District level within business line category. and are not included in a region’s indirect calculation. and product distribution franchises.and franchiseeowned establishments. These calculations are done separately within each geographic region for franchisor-owned business format franchises. The franchise employment calculations for the three business line exceptions were done in a similar way to the franchise establishment calculation. Indirect Economic Impact Estimates The IMPLAN model calculates the employment. payroll and output that results because of franchised businesses based on input-output tables. Output – The direct output of franchise businesses was obtained by entering the estimates of franchise employment into the IMPLAN model. Employment – Except for the two restaurant business lines and the Automotive and Truck Dealer business line. and that a fraction of the remaining businesses—such as used car dealers and RV dealers—were franchised. Therefore. But this could not be done for the Congressional Districts within a State because they may overlap. No additional adjustment is needed for this establishment count. To correct this. The total franchising payroll equals the sum of payroll for franchisor. The total number of employees in franchising equals the sum of employees at franchisor. the indirect effects as tentatively calculated State by State do not add up to the overall indirect effect calculated for the United States. We adjusted the model results so that only the indirect effects on nonfranchised businesses are reported. the number of employees in franchising was computed within each atom by multiplying the government employee value by the atom ratio of the D&B adjusted number of franchised establishments to the D&B number of establishments.

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