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Economic Impact

of Franchised Businesses
A Study for the International Franchise
Association Educational Foundation

Part II

By the National Economic Consulting
Practice of PricewaterhouseCoopers

©2004 IFA Educational Foundation

The Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses
In the United States

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Background--Franchised businesses generate a significant amount of economic activity
in the United States. For that reason they stimulate still more economic activity in non-
franchised businesses. The purpose of this study is to measure the total economic
impacts of franchised businesses for the latest year that that can be done (2001). The
estimates pertain to the economies of the United States, every State, and every
Congressional District.

What Happens In Franchised Businesses--Franchised businesses operated 767,483
establishments in the United States in 2001, counting both establishments owned by
franchisees and establishments owned by franchisors. They provided 9,797,117 jobs, met
a $229.1 billion payroll, and produced $624.6 billion of output. Hence, franchis ed
businesses accounted for 7.4 percent of all private-sector jobs, 5.0 percent of all private-
sector payrolls, and 3.9 percent of all private-sector output. To indicate economic size in
a different way, franchised businesses employed about the same number of people in
2001 as did all manufacturers of durable goods, such as computers, cars, trucks, planes,
communications equipment, primary metals, wood products, and instruments.

What Happens Because of Franchised Businesses—The economic impact of
franchising goes beyond activities inside franchised businesses, because their purchases
and the personal purchases of their owners and workers make non- franchised businesses
bigger. Thus, the total impact of franchising was to create 18,121,595 jobs (13.7 percent
of all private-sector jobs) and $506.6 billion of payroll (11.1 percent of all private-sector
payroll) in 2001. In very round terms, economic activity in franchised businesses
generated about the same amount of additional activity in non- franchised businesses.

Prevalence of Business Format Franchising—Business format franchising was more
prevalent than product distribution franchising in 2001, accounting for about 4.3 times as
many establishments and 4 times as many jobs. Franchisees owned most (76 percent) of
the establishments that operated under a business format franchise. Business format
franchises operated more establishments, met a greater payroll, and generated more
output in Business Services than in any other single line of business; Quick Service

Restaurants hired more people. Automotive and Truck Dealers provided the most jobs
and greatest payroll among product distribution franchises.

States and Congressional Districts—Franchised businesses operate in every
Congressional District. Jobs and payrolls in franchised businesses were greatest in
California, Texas, Florida, and Illinois in 2001. Relative to the size of the statewide
economy, franchising had the greatest impact on jobs and payrolls in Nevada, Arizona,
New Mexico, Florida, and Mississippi.

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and 436 relating to Congressional Districts and the District of Columbia [Views CD(1)- CD(436)]. Objectives Activities in franchised businesses. and an Appendix that addresses technical subjects. More particularly. economy [Views US(1)-US(5)]. In all. An establishment may be owned by the franchisor or the franchisee. The International Franchise Association Educational Foundation commissioned the National Economic Consulting practice of PricewaterhouseCoopers to perform the study. 3 . 105 relating to the economies of the States and District of Columbia [Views S(1)-S(105)]. The report consists almost entirely of tables of estimates of economic impacts.S. A business may consist of more than one establishment. We measure the— • Number of establishments An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted or services or industrial operations are performed. it is a study of the economic activity generated by and because of franchisors and franchisees who are engaged in business format franchising or product distribution franchising. there are 546 tables: five relating to the U. The Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses In the United States EXTENDED SUMMARY OF THE RESULTS A.—The first objective of this report is to estimate the amount of economic activity that occurs in franchised businesses. Background to the Study Introduction This is a study of the economic impact of franchising in the United States. The rest of the report consists of text—an Executive Summary. this Extended Summary of the Results.

• Number of jobs
Jobs are positions filled by part-time and full-time employees or by self-
employed individuals.

• Annual payroll
Payroll includes not only wages and salaries, but also commissions,
vacation and sick- leave pay, fringe benefits, and all other forms of
compensation.

• Annual output
The output of a business is the value of goods and services it produces. In
general, in federal input-output analyses output is very much like sales
revenue; except in retailing and wholesaling, output is measured by the
difference between sales revenue and cost of goods sold (or "margin").

We measure these economic quantities—

• For the United States, aggregating all franchised businesses in the nation
• Separately for each State and the District of Columbia, aggregating all franchised
businesses in a State
• Separately for each Congressional District, aggregating all franchised businesses
in a Congressional District

Activities occurring because of franchised businesses.—The second objective of this
report is to estimate the amount of economic activity that occurs because of franchised
businesses. Franchised businesses purchase products and services from other businesses,
which employ more workers and make larger payrolls in order to fill the orders from
franchised businesses. Likewise, the employees and owners of franchised businesses
spend their incomes on products and services from other businesses, which employ more
workers and make larger payrolls on that account.

In describing the amount of economic activity that occurs because of franchised
businesses we combine activity in franchised businesses with the additional activity it
stimulates in other businesses. For example, if the $1000 of output of a franchised
business results in an additional $700 of output in other businesses we report that $1700
of output occurs because of franchised businesses. (In other economic studies the $1000
is sometimes called the “direct impact,” the $700 is called the “indirect impact” or “ripple
effect,” and the $1700 is called the “total impact.”)

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Thus we estimate the—

• Number of jobs filled because of franchised businesses
• Size of payrolls met because of franchised bus inesses
• Value of output produced because of franchised businesses

We report these economic quantities—

• For the United States
• Separately for each State and the District of Columbia
• Separately for each Congressional District

Detail by business model, line of business, and ownership.—The other objectives of
this report are to—

• Differentiate the economic contributions of companies that follow the product
distribution model from those that follow the business format model.
• Differentiate, among business format franchises, the contributions of franchisor-
owned establishments and franchisee-owned establishments.
• Estimate economic activity in franchised businesses operating in 13 lines of
business. The table on page s 8 and 9 below lists the 13 lines of business and
partially notes their constituents. A detailed crosswalk that links lines of business
with codes in the North American Industrial Classification System is in the
Appendix.

Methods

Data processing required.—To our knowledge, the statistics that are presented in this
report are not available anywhere else. To derive them we have fit together and
processed data from several major sources. Each source contributes something, but no
source has everything.

Our technical procedures are described in greater detail in the Appendix.

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Measuring activity in franchised businesses.—We use three databases that contain
different types of economic information about business establishments in every industry
and every county of the country:

• County Business Patterns, produced by the U.S. Bureau of the Census
• Nonemployer Statistics, produced by the U.S. Bureau of the Census
• IMPLAN, produced by the Minnesota IMPLAN Group

Used together, these databases provide a systematic, comprehensive, and detailed
accounting of establishments, jobs, payroll, and output. However, the y do not identify
which establishments are franchis ed businesses and which are not. Therefore, to obtain
our estimates of franchise activity, we meld the databases with two other sources that
indicate franchising activity—namely,

• MarketPlace CD-Rom, produced by Dun & Bradstreet
• A Survey conducted in 2003 by the International Franchise Association
Educational Foundation

We use the latest version of every source of data as it stood going into 2004, which has
the result that the statistics we compute are oriented to economic activity that occurred in
2001.

Measuring activity occurring because of franchised businesses.—We use the
economic modeling system developed by the Minnesota IMPLAN Group in order to
estimate the additional economic activity that occurs outside of franchised businesses
because of the economic activity that occurs inside franchised businesses. IMPLAN is a
well known tool of its kind and is similar to the Regional Input-Output Modeling System
developed by the U.S. Department of Commerce.

IMPLAN is built around an “input-output” table in which are recorded the purchases that
each industry has made from other industries in past years. When economic activity
occurs in a franchised business, purchases are made in other industries according to the
patterns recorded in the input-output table. These purchases in turn spark still more
purchases, and so on. Meanwhile, employees and business owners make personal
purchases out of the additional income that is generated by this process, sending more
new demands rippling through the input-output table. When these iterations are
complete, the model will have calculated the jobs, payroll, and output that occur
throughout the economy because of the franchised business.

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Clark County. The exact mapping of counties into Congressional Districts is described in the Appendix. For an example of a different kind.—Our measures of economic activity in and because of franchised businesses are compiled for each county (or group of counties when complete data for a single county are not obtainable ) and hence aggregate to totals for each State. For example. By necessity. Falls Church City. Nevada is actually comprised of all of the 1st and 3rd Districts plus some of the 2nd District.Special note about Congressional Districts. The county. whereas the actual district includes only a portion of Fairfax County (plus all of the other jurisdictions mentioned). the county- level measures do not aggregate to a total for a Congressional District when a county falls into more than one Congressional District. in this study each District is defined as including all of Clark County. and Arlington County).level measures also aggregate to totals for a Congressional District when the district consists neatly of whole counties only. In such cases the levels of economic activity in franchised businesses that we compute for the Congressional District exceed those in the actual district. 7 . in this research the 8th District of Virginia is defined as including all of Fairfax County (along with all of Alexandria City. therefore. a “Congressional District” in this report means the collection of those whole counties any portion (other than a de minimis portion) of which falls in the actual district. However.

clothing and general merchandise stores. automotive equipment rental and leasing. heavy construction. food service contractors. photographic services. electronics and appliance stores. health care. veterinary services. building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers. caterers. cookies. and waste mana gement and remediation services 3. and personal transportation 8 . Commercial and Residential Services Includes building. investigation and security services. Table/Full Service Restaurants 5. fast-food restaurants. and other accommodations 7. and retail bakeries 6. Automotive Includes motor vehicle parts and supply stores. Retail Food Includes food and beverage stores. personal and laundry services. tax preparation and payroll services. warehousing and storage. data processing services. Quick Service Restaurants Includes limited-service eating places. special trade contractors. loan brokers. Real Estate Includes lessors of buildings. tire dealers. developing. office administrative services. health and personal care stores. business transportation. beverage bars. and automotive repair and maintenance 2. and carryout service shops with on-premises baking of donuts. and book and music stores 9. ice cream parlors. Lines of Business Business Format Franchising 1. services to buildings and dwellings. self-storage units. Retail Products and Services Includes furniture and home furnishings stores. convenience stores. florists and gift stores. and bagels 4. motels. pizza delivery establishments. and general contracting. cafeterias. Business Services Includes printing. carryout sandwich shops. and other real estate. entertainment and recreation. facilities support services. Lodging Includes hotels. and heavy equipment leasing 10. insurance agencies and brokerages. credit intermediation and related activities. employment services. Personal Services Includes educational services. real estate agents and brokers. consumer goods rentals. and property management and other related activities 8.

Automotive and Truck Dealers 12. wine. Gasoline Service Stations 13. beer and ale wholesalers. Beverage Bottling Includes soft drink and bottled water manufacturing. and beer. and liquor stores 9 . Product Distribution Franchising 11.

[View US(1)] These businesses directly— • Provided 9. and other transportation equipment. 10 . Their economic activity accounted for— • 7. basic steel and other primary metals. Looking at other points of reference. Durable goods include computers. franchised businesses provided more jobs in 2001 than the financial activities industry (including banks. and other fabricated metal products.4 percent of all private-sector jobs • 5. and other instruments. communications.117 jobs • Provided an annual payroll of $229. Franchising in the United States: Measures of Economic Significance < Detailed estimates for this section are in Views US(1) – US(5) > Economic Activity In Franchised Businesses There were 767. engines and other industrial equipment and machinery. lighting and other electronic equipment. planes. motion pictures and videos. and real estate). cars.483 establishments in franchise systems in the United States in 2001. franchised businesses provided about the same number of jobs in the United States in 2001 as did the manufacturers of durable goods. stampings. business establishments.S.797.6 billion These businesses accounted for 3. radio and television broadcasting. trucks. furniture and fixtures. franchised businesses probably provide more jobs than durable goods manufacturers at present. Because of the post-2001 decline in manufacturing employment. clay. B. hardware. and stone. or information industry (including software and print publishing. lumber and wood products. insurance carriers. controlling.0 percent of all private-sector payrolls • 3.1 billion • Produced output worth $624.9 percent of all private-sector output As a point of reference. and telecommunications carriers and resellers). and glass products. medical.2 percent of all U. construction industry.

or 9.335.000 Franchised businesses 9. or 11.3 times as many establishments operated under the business format model • Business format franchising employed 4 times as many workers • Business format franchising generated 2.S.1 percent of private-sector payrolls • $1. for data other than franchised businesses.000 Source: U. [View US(2)] Counting economic results both inside and outside of franchising. Employment by Economic Sector in 2001 Information 3. franchised businesses in the United States were the cause of— • 18. economic activity in franchised businesses stimulates about an equal amount of additional activity in non.7 percent of private-sector employment • $506.807. Economic Activity Because of Franchised Businesses The economic significance of franchising is greater than indicated by the activity in franchised businesses alone.797. Department of Labor.595 jobs.45).000 Financial activities 7.5 times the payroll • Business format franchising produced nearly 3 times as much output 11 . To use a very round approximation. and output (2.85).6 billion of payroll.826.53 trillion of output.21).000 Construction 6.121.629.franchised businesses. —Comparing business format franchis ing to product distribution franchis ing [View US(3)] — • About 4. Business Model and Lines of Business Overview. payroll (2.000 Durable goods manufacturing 10. or 13. for it stimulates still more activity and causes many non- franchised businesses to be bigger.5 percent of private-sector output The ratios of activity caused by franchised businesses to activity in franchised businesses are different for jobs (1.

franchisee-owned establishments provided more jobs (71 percent of jobs in business format franchising). provided $162.161. • Business Services accounted for more establishments. 3. Commercial and Residential Services. and $374.4 billion in payroll was distributed. 12 .454 jobs. and produced $460. $137. and produced $164. provided $66. and Personal Services.9 billion in payroll. Real Estate.Business format franchising was the model in 622.252 jobs were created.211 establishments. Lodging. and generated more output than any other single line of business. 14. Thus.1 percent). Taking the broader view and including economic activity that exists because of franchised businesses. overwhelmingly so in these lines: Automotive.787. • Similarly.2 billion in payroll. Retail Food (14. met a greater payroll. Quick Service Restaurants hired more people.009. • Judged by the ratio of franchised establishments to all establishments in a line of business. 24 percent were owned by the franchisor. Business Format Franchising.6 billion of output. These establishments provided 7.—Business format franchising was economically significant in 10 lines of business in 2001.2 percent) and Table/Full Service Restaurants (13. franchising was the most significant contributor in Quick Service Restaurants (56. and output (76 percent) than franchisor-owned establishments.0 billion of output. Likewise. Product distribution franchising was the model in 145. and $1. payroll (77 percent). $369. which provided 2. business format franchising employed about as many people in 2001 as the financial activities industry.272 establishments.3 percent). Retail Food.2 billion of output was produced because of product distribution franchises.343 jobs were created.2 percent). [View US(4)] • Most establishments (76 percent) that use the business format model were owned by the franchisee. Business Services. Lodging (18.15 trillion of output was produced because of business format franchises. The same four lines were also at the top when comparing the ratio of jobs (or payroll) in franchised businesses to jobs (or payroll) in all companies operating in a line of business.960. Franchisee-owned establishments outnumbered company-owned establishments in every line of business.663 jobs.2 billion in payroll was distributed.

9 percent of all business establishments and 88. and payroll. Product distribution franchising is more important to Beverage Bottling than can be shown in the “% line of business” row of View US(5). 13 . jobs. accounting for 31.Product Distribution Franchising. The reason is that federal economic statistics are not available for that line of business alone. Consequently. activity levels in franchised establishments that bottle beverages must be compared with levels in a considerably larger industry that includes the bottling of beverages. It was also the major business model for Gasoline Service Stations. in which product distribution franc hising accounted for more than half of establishments. [View US(5)] Product distribution franchising dominated the line of business called Automotive and Truck Dealers.—Product distribution franchising was economically significant in three lines of business in 2001.1 percent of all jobs and payroll in the line.

New Mexico.387. The number of jobs created because of franchised businesses was greatest in those same States: California (1. the payrolls distributed because of franchised businesses were greatest in California ($62. Illinois ($27. Franchising in the States: Measures of Economic Significance < Detailed estimates for this section are in Views S(1) – S(105) > Jobs The number of jobs in franchised businesses in 2001 was greatest in California. Illinois. Payroll The impact of franchis ing on payrolls in the States tracked its impact on jobs in 2001.2 billion). The payrolls met in franchised businesses were greatest in California. and Ohio (782. and Missouri. where payrolls distributed because of franchised businesses were 19. Texas. Texas (1. and Ohio. Texas ($39.065).256. Jobs filled because of franchised businesses were 20.1 percent of Nevada’s private-sector payrolls. and New York.061). Florida. C.0 percent of Nevada’s private-sector workforce. and New York ($23. Illinois.0 billion). Tennessee. Texas. Jobs created because of franchised businesses were at least 10 percent of the private- sector workforce in all but four States and the District of Columbia. Mississippi. Florida (1. Florida.9 billion). franchising had the greatest impact on jobs in Nevada. This percentage was also relatively high in Arizona. Wyoming. Florida. 14 . Florida.489). Arizona.826). [View S(2)] Considered relative to the size of a State’s economy.517). New Mexico. Florida ($32. Mississippi. [View S(1)] Considered relative to the size of a State’s economy. 914.3 billion). Illinois (853. Payrolls distributed because of franchised businesses were at least 10 percent of the private-sector payroll in all but 10 States and the District of Columbia. and Oklahoma were close to the top in terms of the percentage impact of franchising on jobs in the State. franchising had the greatest impact on payrolls in Nevada. Likewise.2 billion).

Likewise. [View S(3)] Franchising was especially important to output in Nevada. There is a separate view for each State and the District of Columbia.4 billion). Relationships that were noticed in the U.0 billion).2 billion). Overall. Business format franchising also provided more jobs than product distribution franchising. Output In 2001 the value of output produced in franchised businesses was greatest in California. Output produced because of franchised businesses was at its highest in these States. the value of output produced because of franchised businesses was greatest in California ($187. Illinois.S. Congressional Districts The number of jobs that existed in each Congressional District of a State in 2001. In every State— • There were more establishments operating under the business format model than the product distribution model. • Franchisee-owned establishments outnumbered franchisor-owned establishments and also provided more jobs. Florida. are shown in Views S(55) – S(105).1 billion). The views are ordered alphabetically. economy recurred in the State economies as well. Business Model and Ownership Details concerning the respective economic activities in and because of business format and product distribution franchis ing and in franchisee-owned establishments and franchisor-owned establishments are shown in Views S(4) – S(54). 15 . The views are ordered alphabetically. and Maryland. when gauged against all private-sector output in those States. Texas. Florida. Illinois ($79. both in franchised businesses and because of franchised businesses. output produced because of franchised business made up at least 10 percent of the private-sector output in 20 States.1 billion). Arizona. and New York. Texas ($121. and New York ($72. Florida ($105. New Mexico. There is a separate view for each State and the District of Columbia.

View CD(1) is for the 1st district of Alabama. 16 . and output in franchised businesses in a Congressional District in 2001. a Congressional District in this report means the collection of those whole counties any portion of which (other than a de minimis portion) falls in the actual congressional district. The employment. and output occurring in the district because of franchised businesses are also shown. Those estimates are displayed separately for business format franchis ing and product distribution franchis ing. payroll. The views are ordered alphabetically by State and numerically within States. Therefore. As explained above under Special note about Congressional Districts. This convention is necessary because the federal data that support this report are generally reported at the county level. View CD(2) is for the 2nd district of Alabama. and so on. There is a separate view for every district. The business format franchising estimates are shown separately for franchisee-owned and franchisor-owned establishments. Franchising in Cong ressional Districts: Measures of Economic Significance < Detailed estimates for this section are in Views CD(1) – CD(435) > Estimates of the economic significance of franchising in a Congressional District in 2001 are shown in Views CD(1) – CD(435). payroll. A view displays the number of establishments and the extent of employment. D.

Ø Franchised business produce goods and services worth $624.483 franchised business establishments in the United States. VIEW US(1) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses DIRECT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE U.0 % Output $ 624.0 percent of all private-sector payrolls in the United States.4 % Payroll $ 229. or 5.S.1 billion.6 billion per year.4 percent of the national private-sector workforce.1 billion 5.9 % Establishments 767. ECONOMY In Franchised Percent of U. Ø We include in “franchised businesses” all those establishments that are part of a franchise system – those businesses owned by franchisees and those owned by the franchisor.797. Business Private Sector Jobs 9.2 % Ø There are 767. Ø Franchised bus inesses provide 9.797.S. or 3. Ø Franchised businesses supply an annual payroll of $229.117 jobs and employ 7.483 3. Data pertain to 2001 .117 7.6 billion 3.9 percent of private-sector output in the United States.

Franchised Businesses Private Sector Jobs 18. As this cycle repeats.1 % Output $ 1.S. private-sector jobs.595 13.53 trillion of annual output and 9. VIEW US(2) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE U.1 percent of all private-sector payrolls in the United States.6 billion 11. ECONOMY Because of Percent of U.595 jobs and 13.7 percent of all U. Ø Franchised businesses are the cause of 18.S.53 trillion 9. Ø Franchised businesses are the cause of $506. and other businesses.7 % Payroll $ 506.121.5 percent of all private-sector output in the United States. payroll and output that are in franchised businesses alone. who then spend it and create still more income for other parties.6 billion of annual payrolls and 11.S. owners. Data pertain to 2001 . the jobs. payroll and output that exist because of franchised businesses grow beyond the jobs.5 % Ø Franchised businesses provide income to their workers. Ø Franchised businesses are the cause of $1.121.

211 81.454 jobs.211 establishments. Data pertain to 2001 .1 % 18.009. or 4 times as many as product distribution franchising.2 billion 71.1 % 21.4 billion $ 137.663 79. Ø Business format franchising provides 7.960.151.0 billion $ 164.252 3.6 % 26.0 billion $ 374.787.2 billion 75.4 % Establishments 622.960.1 % 28.9 % 27.9 % Because of Franchised Businesses Business Format Product Distribution Percent BF Percent PD Jobs 14.5 % 24.5 % Ø Business format franchising accounts for 622.6 billion 73.5 % 20.161.343 jobs in the United States.9 billion $ 66.161.454 2.787.272 establishments and product distribution franchising accounts for 145.2 billion 72. VIEW US(3) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses BUSINESS FORMAT AND PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES In Franchised Businesses Business Format Product Distribution Percent BF Percent PD Jobs 7.9 % Output $ 460.252 jobs in the United States. Ø Business format franchising is the cause of 14.5 % Payroll $ 162.1 % Output $ 1.343 78. Ø Product distribution franchising is the cause of 3.9 % Payroll $ 369.272 145.

there are more establishments that are owned by franchisees than by the franchisor. met a greater payroll.6 billion $ 18.4 billion 61. Ø Franchised establishments are the greatest percentage of all line-of-business establishments in Quick Service Restaurants.6 billion $ 2.6 billion $ 60. and generated more output than any other single line of business.2 billion 21. Ø In total.524 Franchisee owned 1.9 % 21.4 % 79.357 % of line of 79.7 billion 144.833 Total 2.3 % business Lodging Franchisor owned 34.386 $ 0.7 billion $ 19.828 Total 433. Ø Business Services accounted for more establishments.547.2 billion 38.0 % 23.681 $ 11.1 % business Ø Business format franchising is economically significant in 10 lines of business. and in every line of business.242 $ 15.554 $ 5.622 Franchisee owned 399.3 billion $ 37.566 $ 27.231 $ 7. and Retail Food.961 % of line of 21.1 billion $ 29.324 $ 12.189.4 billion $ 26. VIEW US(4) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses LINES OF BUSINESS AND OWNERSHIP OF BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES Jobs Payroll Output Establishments Quick Service Restaurants Franchisor owned 1.7 billion 18. Data pertain to 2001 .0 % N/A 56.0 billion 17.616 $ 8.659 Franchisee owned 493. Quick Service Restaurants hired more people.4 % N/A 13.450 % of line of 24.8 billion $ 106.126 $ 5. Lodging.0 % N/A 18.3 billion 1.0 billion 20.2 billion $ 46.303 Total 954.2 % business Table/Full Service Restaurants Franchisor owned 461.736.3 billion 82.

2 % business Automotive Franchisor owned 21.8 % 16.3 billion $ 3.788 $ 1.1 billion 28.644 $ 4.637 Total 148.9 % business Business Services Franchisor owned 215.5 billion $ 20.2 billion $ 1.108 % of line of 5.755 % of line of 6.9 billion 45.8 % N/A 1.0 billion 28.311 $ 9.2 billion 24.7 billion $ 29.2 billion 29.0 % N/A 4.5 billion $ 28.209 Franchisee owned 142.6 billion 39.118 Franchisee owned 127.127 $ 0.3 % business Real Estate Franchisor owned 6.750 Franchisee owned 1. VIEW US(4) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses LINES OF BUSINESS AND OWNERSHIP OF BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES Jobs Payroll Output Establishments Retail Food Franchisor owned 81.771 $ 4.285 $ 8.0 % N/A 3.6 billion 134.5 % business Data pertain to 2001 .539 % of line of 16.365 % of line of 4.254 $ 0.4 % 5.300 $ 45.338.9 % 4.3 billion 6.586 $ 53.397 $ 4.303 Total 597.8 billion $ 119.235 Franchisee owned 515.358 Total 1.143 $ 3.9 % 7.3 billion 25.8 billion 160.123.4 billion $ 11.0 billion $ 13.2 billion $ 100.9 % N/A 14.2 billion 1.9 billion 4.522 $ 8.9 billion $ 23.6 billion $ 1.7 billion $ 19.155 Total 148.

2 billion $ 0.5 billion 54.0 billion $ 14.3 billion $ 17.142 $ 8.272 Data pertain to 2001 .4 billion 148.9 billion $ 460.160 $ 8.041 Total 753.3 billion 42.3 billion 37.2 billion $ 62.785 Franchisee owned 619.010 $ 2.8 billion $ 20.2 % business Personal Services Franchisor owned 134.8 billion 61.6 % N/A 2.793 $ 26.4 % 2.5 billion 1. VIEW US(4) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses LINES OF BUSINESS AND OWNERSHIP OF BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES Jobs Payroll Output Establishments Retail Products & Services Franchisor owned 134.284.580 $ 6.257 $ 21.537 $ 4.982 $ 0.0 billion 622.4 billion 18.2 billion 9.1 % 2.7 % 3.8 billion 38.174 Total 431.9 % business Commercial and Residential Services Franchisor owned 6.7 billion $ 11.454 $ 162.7 billion $ 6.992 Franchisee owned 297.1 billion $ 349.636 Total 244.826 % of line of 2.108 Franchisee owned 237.0 % business All Business Format Franchises Franchisor owned 2.787.6 billion 474.6 billion $ 51.744 % of line of 2.0 % N/A 1.268 Total 7.634 $ 126.166 % of line of 3.3 % N/A 0.004 Franchisee owned 5.3 billion 45.590 $ 8.502.8 billion $ 110.1 billion $ 17.820 $ 36.

4 % 58.6 billion $ 115.9 billion $ 41.2 billion 60.7 billion 2. meet a greater payroll.458.353 % of line of 56.1 % N/A 31. and generate more output than any other single line of business.9 % business Ø Product distribution franchising is economically significant in three lines of business.1 % 88. Gasoline Service Stations operate more establishments. Ø Automotive and Truck Dealers provide more jobs.263 % of line of 88.0 % N/A 64.682 $ 7. Data pertain to 2001 .4 % N/A 5.075 $ 0.9 % business Gasoline Service Stations 528.906 $ 57.7 billion 82.9 % 7. VIEW US(5) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses LINES OF BUSINESS IN PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION FRANCHISES IN THE UNITED STATES Jobs Payroll Output Establishments Automotive & Truck Dealers 1.7 billion $ 7.0 % business Beverage Bottling 22.595 % of line of 6.

370 200.587 73.0% Illinois 459.7% Kentucky 166.325 11.806 208.6% Kansas 112.866 16.949 430.517 13.064 66.975 853.9% Indiana 246.388 15.465 337.593 285. VIEW S(1) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE STATES Because of Jobs Caused by In Franchised Franchised Franchising as State Businesses Businesses Percent of State Jobs Alabama 162.261 15.445 569.0% Maryland 179.694 13.914.594 16.387 28.072 11.237 353.2% Connecticut 96.489 16.415 353.485 294.851 14.234 16.001.249 10.846 14.5% Minnesota 205.065 12.274 15.1% Hawaii 37.4% Colorado 181.341 14.7% Iowa 119.2% Louisiana 160.724 1.0% Maine 35.3% Columbia Florida 616.8% Data pertain to 2001 .962 178.2% Idaho 41.009 280.6% Massachusetts 181.5% Michigan 322.586 28.268 48.992 378.823 6.256.694 171.4% Arkansas 96.0% Delaware 29.256 428.205 14.099 10.6% Georgia 351.688 77.250 644.196 1.8% Arizona 223.9% California 1.285 19.4% Alaska 15.818 14.201 9.457 12.2% District of 16.843 14.

7% South Dakota 30.3% Tennessee 246.2% Pennsylvania 376.424 35.709 14.742 30.595 13.939 9.457 159.262 224.540 15. Florida.261 699.4% U.826 14.722 330.0 percent of Nevada’s private-sector workforce.807 15.7% Ø The number of people employed because of franchised businesses is greatest in California.6% South Carolina 160.1% Vermont 16.951 401.2% Rhode Island 31. Illinois.356 54.S.175 44.5% Wyoming 20. Mississippi.926 206.9% Virginia 290.631 13.387. Ø Employment caused by franchising is at least 10 percent of a State’s private-sector workforce in 46 States. Total 9.797 20.884 11.080 16. Florida.937 16.343 184.881 14.145 14.8% Ohio 448. and Ohio.570 8. Arizona.808 782.642 15.3% Missouri 235.698 237.655 548.6% West Virginia 60.117 18.1% New Jersey 213.2% Nevada 107.639 15.9% New York 376. Tennessee.050 16.364 16.121.830 705.221 16.061 14.019 12.6% Oregon 119.0% New Hampshire 41.7% Texas 756. and Oklahoma are close to the top in terms of the percentage impact of franchising on jobs in the State.922 442.6% Utah 83.568 1.321 103.872 129.003 54.480 9.480 536.1% Oklahoma 131.060 15.370 57.1% Washington 181. Ø Franchising has the greatest percentage impact on jobs in Nevada—jobs held because of franchising are 20.2% Montana 31.2% Wisconsin 201.190 16. Texas.7% New Mexico 64.560 284. Data pertain to 2001 .265 12.041 12.5% Nebraska 70.545 360.797.0% North Dakota 24.358 17.1% North Carolina 308.Mississippi 105. New Mexico.994 123.664 18.177 78.294 456.

7% Indiana 5.620.2 1.976.467.3% Colorado 4.258.6 6.0 13.867.105.5 12.9% Data pertain to 2001 .757.6 995.9 13.114.000.509.2 13.4% Massachusetts 5.9 898.954.408. VIEW S(2) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND PAYROLLS IN THE STATES Because of In Franchised Franchised Payroll Caused by Businesses Businesses Franchising as State (in $ millions) (in $ millions) Percent of State Payroll Alabama $ 3.292.1 12.0 62.8 32.042.0% Idaho 812.120.569.5 11.869.208.9 10.8% District of 474.158.7% Louisiana 3.701.7 12.0 8.2 4.633.707.4 12.121.7% Georgia 7.6 $ 6.3 17.7% Iowa 2.970.7% Alaska 427.1 4.1 1.224.770.3 10.595.017.780.919.6 17.8 11.3 1.781.029.4% Columbia Florida 13.5% Michigan 7.3% Hawaii 838.5 12.670.8 12.7 11.7 13.715.8% Kentucky 3.1% Illinois 12.5 6.2 8.4 15.7 8.6 9.1 3.639.6 11.872.0% Maine 785.355.5 7.4 11.2 10.1 12.8% Maryland 4.6% California 27.4% Delaware 786.0% Arkansas 1.2 26.7 9.2% Connecticut 3.457.4% Kansas 2.8 1.9 6.8% Arizona 5.1 14.8 4.

8 6.8% Tennessee 5.9% South Dakota 565.240.820.1% Utah 1.9% North Carolina 6.0 1.221.725.Minnesota 5.7% North Dakota 478.3 14.326.1% Ø Payrolls met because of franchised businesses are greatest in California.174.7 9.5 5.290.874.4 13.454.078.6 12.615.889.2 14.463.3 745.5% Nevada 2.5% Missouri 5.3% New Mexico 1.2 19.0% Pennsylvania 8.861.4% Wyoming 440.3 12.189.619.0% South Carolina 3.4% West Virginia 1.5% Wisconsin 4.2 5.1% Texas 17.5 14.459.5 39.040.492.7 3.6 13.550.0 2.2 5.435.542.1 11.0% U.1 13.S.1 percent of Nevada’s total private-sector payrolls.5 9.2 13. Data pertain to 2001 .0 12.066.657.410.0 2.283.3 14.1 11.5% Montana 586.1 11.6% New Jersey 6.9 19.186.3% Rhode Island 734.0 11.2 14.0 $ 506.1 10.086.256.848.251.4 2.5 12.6 9.060.5 11.716.267.4% Virginia 6.5 3.420.1 893. Illinois. Ø Franchising makes the greatest percentage impact on payrolls in Nevada—payrolls met because of franchising are 19.504.412.023.754.3% New York 10.3 3.1% New Hampshire 1.0 10.860.5 8.5 1.694. Total $ 229.699.6 13.089.6 12.854. Texas.520.227.1 16.5 12.7% Ohio 9. and New York.094. Ø Payrolls caused by franchising are at least 10 percent of a State’s private-sector payrolls in 40 States.1 15.1% Oklahoma 2.0 14.532.1% Nebraska 1.5 11.209.7% Mississippi 1.0 8.9 23.3 6. Florida.8% Washington 4.9% Vermont 353.8 19.5 1.9 1.7 11.0 12.8% Oregon 2.9 10.977.

821.216.4 187.3 14.793.275.8% Delaware 2.1 18.7 7.7% Hawaii 2.1 18.2 13.210.8 14.263.292.1% Indiana 13.7 43.0 11.412.269.0 9.0 22.6 54.3% Colorado 12.8 6.2% Massachusetts 13.1 105.399. VIEW S(3) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND OUTPUT IN THE STATES Because of In Franchised Franchised Output Caused by Businesses Businesses Franchising as State (in $ millions) (in $ millions) Percent of State Output Alabama $ 8.1% Maryland 12.6 9.3 8.8% Illinois 31.918.5% Kentucky 8.9 36.8% Arkansas 4.356.130.542.0 10.2 12.042.300.8% Minnesota 12.965.228.4 32.420.4 4.3 9.0 11.6 4.0% Data pertain to 2001 .0 10.949.5% Louisiana 9.648.974.2 8.5% Idaho 2.1 2.7 11.4 33.3 2.8 5.2% Connecticut 7.5 $ 20.178.262.6 8.035.3% Arizona 14.1% Maine 1.361.4 9.942.355.6 14.848.359.512.426.4 31.666.155.7 31.7% Georgia 21.1 7.0% District of 1.1% Columbia Florida 38.747.7% Kansas 5.3 7.427.1% Alaska 959.5% Michigan 18.002.7 30.2 5.195.762.597.4% California 74.9 11.7 10.5 7.1 8.5 6.837.111.6% Iowa 5.965.137.2 10.451.2 79.972.022.

5% North Dakota 1.5% Ø The value of output produced because of franchised businesses is greatest in California.0% Wisconsin 11.189.755.809.2% North Carolina 18.331.767.0% Vermont 922.627. and New York.843.463.9% Ohio 24.526.300.1 29.3 6.8% South Carolina 8.737.602.7% Rhode Island 1.9 59.3 44.3 11.3 121.4% Oregon 7.5 9.213.768.8 8.4% Montana 1.724.6% Pennsylvania 24.132.6% Oklahoma 6.1 percent of Nevada’s total private-sector output. Texas.474.9 10.440.453.5 17.856.229.1% Virginia 18.3 7.5 9.4 3.9 20. Total $ 624.2 9.919.477.307.8 11.5 8.9 37.7 42.347.7 56.2 2. Florida.025.581.6 8. Ø Franchised businesses are the cause of at least 10 percent of a State’s private-sector output in 20 States.494.7 11.1% New Hampshire 2.7 13.534.897.807. Data pertain to 2001 .358.5 20.275.188.8 12.7 8.165.7 4.8 12.280.9 9.1% Texas 48.6 9.4 8.7% New Mexico 3.Mississippi 5.928.058.320.3 $ 1.3 11.819. Illinois.S.746.7% Washington 12.2 2.3 10.326.181.190.3 15.1 12.2 6.883.438.004.0 7.7% West Virginia 2.8% South Dakota 1.4 8.5% Wyoming 988.105.4 72.8 9.1 2.0 9.355.945.3 9.2 8.494.7 42.8% Nevada 8.3% Nebraska 3.8 6. Ø Franchising makes the great percentage impact on output in Nevada—output produced because of franchised businesses is 17.5 10.0 9.156.1% Utah 4.0 9.6% U.1 17.5% New Jersey 17.2% Tennessee 15.1% Missouri 13.296.711.2% New York 28.6 3.4 26.814.7 35.

304 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.099 61.826 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 127.661 $ 2.929 96.122 $ 6.722 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.494 223.593 285.970 35. VIEW S(4) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ALABAMA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 162.663 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 30.381 $ 5.162 $ 14.362 Establishments 10.166 $ 4.601 $ 956 $ 1.031 Data pertain to 2001 .319 $ 4.509 Output (in $ millions) $ 8.565 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 444 $ 1.274 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.163 3.132 8.023 Establishments 13.543 $ 20.843 Establishments 2.908 Output (in $ millions) $ 6.

705 6.168 193 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 2.387 28.523 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 47 $ 234 Output (in $ millions) $ 113 $ 546 Establishments 221 947 Data pertain to 2001 . VIEW S(5) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ALASKA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 15.682 21.300 Establishments 1.159 9.099 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 428 $ 899 Output (in $ millions) $ 959 $ 2.361 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 11.609 $ 300 $ 691 Establishments 1.934 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 281 $ 602 $ 147 $ 297 Output (in $ millions) $ 660 $ 1.165 3.

943 44.398 $ 1.510 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 179.101 $ 26.949 430.078 340.201 10.627 $ 8.154 $ 7.114 $ 11.487 $ 3.285 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 5.059 2.888 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.480 $ 4.748 Establishments 16.497 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 739 $ 2.268 Establishments 14.342 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3. VIEW S(6) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ARIZONA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 223.859 Data pertain to 2001 .947 Establishments 3.450 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 45.128 $ 10.670 Output (in $ millions) $ 14.229 $ 36.272 Output (in $ millions) $ 10.870 89.581 133.

373 19.632 2.732 $ 518 $ 1.226 $ 2.023 Output (in $ millions) $ 724 $ 2.951 59.956 34.660 $ 1.694 171.211 5.421 Data pertain to 2001 .872 Establishments 1.037 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 16.596 $ 8. VIEW S(7) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ARKANSAS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 96.446 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.263 $ 2.025 Output (in $ millions) $ 3.821 $ 11.757 Output (in $ millions) $ 4.787 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 240 $ 1.781 $ 3.426 Establishments 8.669 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 76.818 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.767 Establishments 6.738 137.

505.224 Output (in $ millions) $ 74.187 13.001.615 $ 14.154 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 260.613 50.367 $ 8.208 $ 62.466 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 19.065 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 27.857 Output (in $ millions) $ 53.426 $ 49.716 $ 20.574 Data pertain to 2001 .599 209.535 Output (in $ millions) $ 13.193 531.914.770 $ 137.399 Establishments 80.340 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 792.195 $ 187.155 408.018 Establishments 16.058 $ 17.751 $ 40.150 $ 44.683 Establishments 67.196 1.848 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 4. VIEW S(8) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN CALIFORNIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 1.041 1.

628 Output (in $ millions) $ 9.388 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 4.777 $ 6.539 $ 8. VIEW S(9) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN COLORADO All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 181.036 294.029 Output (in $ millions) $ 12.415 353.402 $ 25.813 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.178 $ 32.999 Establishments 13.838 1.996 Data pertain to 2001 .378 58.169 $ 2.401 $ 1.681 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.707 30.156 Establishments 15.513 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 727 $ 2.001 $ 7.842 10.524 111.500 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 151.708 $ 11.157 $ 2.401 Establishments 2.662 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 39.

971 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 424 $ 1.091 Establishments 6.803 $ 865 $ 1.356 5.043 $ 6.643 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 18.293 22. VIEW S(10) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN CONNECTICUT All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 96.186 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 74.188 Data pertain to 2001 .631 $ 13.706 41.754 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.135 $ 4.249 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.830 Output (in $ millions) $ 5.597 Establishments 8.496 Establishments 1.285 55.506 $ 2.544 1.956 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.256 136.206 $ 5.837 $ 18.633 Output (in $ millions) $ 7.178 $ 4.962 178.

042 $ 4.303 Data pertain to 2001 .275 Establishments 2.467 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.281 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 21.980 36.747 534 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 6.283 Establishments 1.325 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 786 $ 1.062 $ 224 $ 405 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.419 $ 2. VIEW S(11) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN DELAWARE All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 29.676 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 120 $ 441 Output (in $ millions) $ 332 $ 1.212 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 562 $ 1.288 12.993 $ 623 $ 1.113 7.087 Establishments 444 1.268 48.304 15.

028 1.586 28.823 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 475 $ 995 Output (in $ millions) $ 1. VIEW S(12) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 16.313 1.797 $ 82 $ 176 Establishments 849 127 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 4.279 $ 2.510 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 448 $ 939 $ 26 $ 56 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.004 Establishments 301 549 Data pertain to 2001 .973 Establishments 976 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 15.559 27.361 $ 2.036 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 98 $ 351 Output (in $ millions) $ 275 $ 1.523 11.

VIEW S(13) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN FLORIDA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 616.002 Establishments 50.051 271.724 1.256.919 Output (in $ millions) $ 38.370 $ 23.118 $ 4.673 984.854 $ 20.249 $ 29.189 Establishments 9.579 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 9.130 344.544 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.184 Output (in $ millions) $ 6.677 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 489.801 Output (in $ millions) $ 27.498 $ 11.621 $ 32.504 Establishments 40.326 10.186 $ 7.043 $ 75.251 $ 9.628 Data pertain to 2001 .909 127.489 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 13.351 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 145.292 $ 105.698 30.

094 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 287.797 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.546 527.262 Output (in $ millions) $ 4.790 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 5.250 644.705 $ 12.873 $ 17.917 16.397 $ 12.521 $ 5.443 $ 4.234 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 7.892 Establishments 5.167 $ 4.992 Establishments 22.704 116.794 $ 54.504 $ 11.698 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 96.693 Output (in $ millions) $ 16.569 Output (in $ millions) $ 21.513 Establishments 27.876 $ 2.397 $ 41.749 190.478 Data pertain to 2001 .396 4. VIEW S(14) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN GEORGIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 351.444 63.

701 Data pertain to 2001 .351 Establishments 2.538 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 31.955 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.145 22.883 6.322 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 633 $ 1.234 60.354 12.383 Establishments 558 1.262 Establishments 2.357 $ 6.089 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 143 $ 490 Output (in $ millions) $ 447 $ 1.830 $ 4.259 279 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 9.911 $ 527 $ 1.205 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 839 $ 1.493 $ 206 $ 462 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.587 73. VIEW S(15) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN HAWAII All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 37.

728 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 540 $ 1.607 Establishments 3.731 18.341 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 812 $ 1. VIEW S(16) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN IDAHO All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 41.130 $ 5.688 77.828 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 31.249 578 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 7.770 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.216 Establishments 3.609 $ 685 $ 1.138 Establishments 661 2.821 24.135 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 108 $ 432 Output (in $ millions) $ 308 $ 1.588 Data pertain to 2001 .957 58.211 $ 272 $ 559 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.613 9.445 $ 3.

049 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 383.416 $ 21.532 76.125 $ 7.526 $ 15.543 Establishments 28.169 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.906 Output (in $ millions) $ 25.291 Output (in $ millions) $ 6. VIEW S(17) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN ILLINOIS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 459.680 20.883 261.942 $ 79.606 4.975 853.052 717.443 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 121.304 $ 19.071 $ 2.517 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 12.112 Establishments 7.742 $ 5.923 135.416 $ 63.667 $ 6.210 Establishments 33.985 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 9.158 $ 26.977 Output (in $ millions) $ 31.926 Data pertain to 2001 .

463 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.356 Establishments 16.857 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 53.394 147.653 $ 7.567 350.689 78.025 2.675 Output (in $ millions) $ 9.256 428.318 $ 3.293 $ 7.665 Establishments 3.733 $ 1.408 Output (in $ millions) $ 13.038 Establishments 14.882 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 200.958 $ 23.112 $ 30.851 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 5.866 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.001 $ 10.850 Data pertain to 2001 .175 10.174 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 787 $ 2.348 $ 2. VIEW S(18) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN INDIANA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 246.388 45.153 $ 7.

332 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.354 Output (in $ millions) $ 4.515 $ 688 $ 1.439 $ 3.732 6.944 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 342 $ 1.217 Establishments 7. VIEW S(19) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN IOWA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 119.817 169.989 39.326 Output (in $ millions) $ 991 $ 3.913 1.668 $ 3.511 22.494 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 24.431 $ 1.873 71.418 Establishments 1.648 Establishments 9.407 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 96.409 $ 10.181 Data pertain to 2001 .848 $ 13.843 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.356 $ 4.870 Output (in $ millions) $ 5.806 208.

642 Establishments 7.261 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.909 68.791 $ 535 $ 1.940 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 388 $ 1.815 $ 11.292 $ 4.775 Data pertain to 2001 .128 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 26. VIEW S(20) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN KANSAS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 112.521 27.568 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 95.868 Output (in $ millions) $ 5.151 $ 2.757 $ 3.168 $ 3.516 16.745 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.369 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.370 200.439 1.966 $ 14.849 172.665 5.647 Establishments 1.076 Output (in $ millions) $ 4.421 Establishments 8.779 $ 1.

296 $ 4.451 $ 18.594 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.814 Establishments 1.445 Establishments 9.836 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 36.399 $ 14.970 96.665 $ 824 $ 1.052 $ 4.923 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.147 52.121 $ 6.009 280.965 Establishments 12.659 Data pertain to 2001 .862 227.259 Output (in $ millions) $ 8.520 $ 2.671 32. VIEW S(21) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN KENTUCKY All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 166.998 7.657 2.493 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 133.770 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.594 Output (in $ millions) $ 6.892 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 526 $ 1.585 $ 4.

866 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.706 $ 4. VIEW S(22) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN LOUISIANA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 160.846 $ 941 $ 1.992 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 124.106 $ 6.100 Establishments 10.742 Establishments 2.668 84.280 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.574 229.644 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.925 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 39.781 Output (in $ millions) $ 9.485 294.412 Establishments 12.501 7.906 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 521 $ 1.035 $ 22.449 $ 16.312 $ 2.935 Output (in $ millions) $ 6.911 65.066 2.586 35.586 $ 6.565 Data pertain to 2001 .165 $ 4.

139 $ 2.762 Establishments 3.014 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 23.702 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.382 43.072 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 785 $ 1.682 23.975 $ 4.064 66.050 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 465 $ 1.279 17.125 889 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 6.964 Establishments 2.798 $ 836 $ 1. VIEW S(23) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MAINE All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 35.022 11.702 Data pertain to 2001 .103 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 104 $ 361 Output (in $ millions) $ 270 $ 868 Establishments 423 1.030 $ 320 $ 672 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.

394 94.630 7.924 268.716 Output (in $ millions) $ 12.263 $ 31.237 353. VIEW S(24) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MARYLAND All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 179.466 Establishments 2.549 2.042 $ 6.408 $ 1.949 Establishments 13.919 Data pertain to 2001 .595 $ 10.120 $ 7.755 $ 9.530 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 705 $ 2.646 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 42.475 $ 3.543 $ 3.415 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.345 42.195 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 136.406 Establishments 10.308 Output (in $ millions) $ 8.846 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 4.313 85.508 $ 22.501 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.

346 Data pertain to 2001 .333 Output (in $ millions) $ 9.868 3.201 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 5.125 $ 1.614 $ 7.523 7.750 $ 8.234 90.518 $ 8.500 $ 3.063 Establishments 2.677 $ 24.376 77.873 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.427 $ 33.018 $ 11.625 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.457 Output (in $ millions) $ 13.986 Establishments 9.151 $ 3. VIEW S(25) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MASSACHUSETTS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 181.138 Establishments 13.328 41.465 337.316 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 140.090 259.856 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 893 $ 2.448 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 49.

995 Output (in $ millions) $ 3.639 $ 15.683 4.851 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 256.257 122.985 Data pertain to 2001 .962 Establishments 4.437 $ 4.971 Output (in $ millions) $ 18.188 447.360 Establishments 23.217 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 5.240 66.203 $ 11.445 569. VIEW S(26) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MICHIGAN All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 322.457 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 7.208 $ 3.429 $ 31.032 $ 2.490 $ 12.919 $ 43.298 175.938 Output (in $ millions) $ 13.115 $ 5.167 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 80.891 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.467 $ 9.245 Establishments 19.699 14.

432 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 169.992 378.470 $ 7.154 $ 2.845 316.596 Establishments 3.146 62.008 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.432 Data pertain to 2001 .648 $ 1.694 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 5.066 $ 25. VIEW S(27) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MINNESOTA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 205.424 118.526 Output (in $ millions) $ 10.294 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.929 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 51.269 Establishments 15.400 36.193 $ 2.667 $ 31.873 $ 8.174 Output (in $ millions) $ 12.600 $ 6.066 $ 11.071 10.421 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 865 $ 3.503 1.115 Establishments 13.

174 Output (in $ millions) $ 3.735 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 81.343 184.144 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.812 41.463 59.068 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 272 $ 985 Output (in $ millions) $ 890 $ 2.367 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 22.513 $ 3.646 $ 597 $ 1.355 Establishments 8.213 23.985 $ 1.368 2.834 $ 8.944 Establishments 1.358 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.531 143.257 $ 2.854 $ 3.529 4.839 Data pertain to 2001 .820 Output (in $ millions) $ 5.347 $ 12.370 Establishments 6. VIEW S(28) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MISSISSIPPI All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 105.

364 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 5.412 $ 12.600 $ 8.894 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.461 3.281 Establishments 18.922 442.846 76.093 Establishments 3.073 135.712 $ 35.010 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 57.470 43.095 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.920 $ 3.185 $ 1.018 $ 7.361 Establishments 15.076 365.471 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 192.620 11.251 Output (in $ millions) $ 13.982 $ 9.841 Data pertain to 2001 .066 Output (in $ millions) $ 10. VIEW S(29) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MISSOURI All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 235.694 $ 27.003 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 887 $ 3.431 $ 3.

061 13. VIEW S(30) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN MONTANA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 31.026 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 398 $ 887 $ 188 $ 396 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.045 Establishments 2.693 $ 434 $ 1.283 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.639 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 587 $ 1.525 449 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 4.087 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 67 $ 331 Output (in $ millions) $ 175 $ 885 Establishments 428 2.494 $ 3.221 20.097 Data pertain to 2001 .308 44.060 $ 2.612 7.974 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 24.370 57.737 Establishments 2.

009 3.239 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 59.681 43.540 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.582 11.872 129.868 Establishments 4.507 733 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 15.980 $ 7.466 $ 359 $ 744 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.307 Establishments 1.691 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 232 $ 863 Output (in $ millions) $ 673 $ 2.499 19.453 Establishments 5.959 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.373 109.769 $ 9.455 $ 3.497 Data pertain to 2001 .096 $ 2.585 $ 789 $ 1.210 Output (in $ millions) $ 3. VIEW S(31) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NEBRASKA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 70.

192 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 91.797 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.494 Establishments 6.145 Data pertain to 2001 .657 $ 5.392 800 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 22.964 27.481 $ 3.684 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.649 Establishments 5.926 206.845 $ 1.729 $ 585 $ 1.978 Output (in $ millions) $ 8.247 4.105 69.233 15.545 $ 16.962 179. VIEW S(32) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NEVADA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 107.359 Establishments 1.249 Output (in $ millions) $ 6.072 $ 4.026 $ 20.564 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.857 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 388 $ 1.186 $ 5.

880 $ 1.892 13. VIEW S(33) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NEW HAMPSHIRE All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 41.017 Establishments 2.072 Data pertain to 2001 .019 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.003 50.177 78.859 22.897 Establishments 3.623 $ 3.144 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 113 $ 495 Output (in $ millions) $ 305 $ 1.305 $ 3.173 27.551 949 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 5.127 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 607 $ 1.324 $ 453 $ 966 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.317 Establishments 478 2.500 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 28.290 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.060 $ 2.928 $ 6.

VIEW S(34)

Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING IN NEW JERSEY

All Franchises
In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses
Jobs 213,951 401,480
Payroll (in $ millions) $ 6,542 $ 14,532
Output (in $ millions) $ 17,603 $ 42,534
Establishments 17,530

Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises
In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of
Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised
Businesses Businesses

Jobs 163,148 304,389 50,803 97,091
Payroll (in $ millions) $ 4,561 $ 10,265 $ 1,981 $ 4,267
Output (in $ millions) $ 12,478 $ 30,466 $ 5,125 $ 12,068
Establishments 13,748 3,781

In Business Format Franchises
Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned
Jobs 45,677 117,472
Payroll (in $ millions) $ 954 $ 3,607
Output (in $ millions) $ 2,620 $ 9,858
Establishments 3,033 10,716

Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(35)

Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING IN NEW MEXICO

All Franchises
In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses
Jobs 64,994 123,664
Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1,256 $ 2,889
Output (in $ millions) $ 3,320 $ 8,725
Establishments 5,000

Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises
In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of
Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised
Businesses Businesses

Jobs 51,189 96,920 13,806 26,744
Payroll (in $ millions) $ 855 $ 2,011 $ 402 $ 878
Output (in $ millions) $ 2,342 $ 6,272 $ 978 $ 2,453
Establishments 4,000 1,000

In Business Format Franchises
Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned
Jobs 9,998 41,190
Payroll (in $ millions) $ 153 $ 701
Output (in $ millions) $ 423 $ 1,919
Establishments 698 3,302

Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(36)

Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING IN NEW YORK

All Franchises
In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses
Jobs 376,261 699,570
Payroll (in $ millions) $ 10,187 $ 23,221
Output (in $ millions) $ 28,767 $ 72,059
Establishments 33,954

Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises
In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of
Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised
Businesses Businesses

Jobs 299,487 560,047 76,774 139,523
Payroll (in $ millions) $ 7,424 $ 17,071 $ 2,763 $ 6,151
Output (in $ millions) $ 22,102 $ 56,005 $ 6,665 $ 16,054
Establishments 27,750 6,204

In Business Format Franchises
Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned
Jobs 87,714 211,773
Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1,671 $ 5,753
Output (in $ millions) $ 5,130 $ 16,972
Establishments 8,009 19,741

Data pertain to 2001

824 14.875 $ 9.749 $ 5.751 5.439 Establishments 24.624 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 243.927 Data pertain to 2001 .392 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 4.561 $ 9.593 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.709 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 6.585 $ 2.058 $ 4.141 Output (in $ millions) $ 12.726 Output (in $ millions) $ 18.768 Establishments 3.643 $ 29.690 Establishments 18.276 $ 42.291 180.479 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 968 $ 3.619 $ 13.885 121.655 548. VIEW S(37) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NORTH CAROLINA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 308.633 $ 12.874 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 63.770 427.316 64.

668 276 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 4.007 $ 362 $ 849 Establishments 1.175 44.985 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 301 $ 678 $ 178 $ 363 Output (in $ millions) $ 795 $ 2.841 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 59 $ 242 Output (in $ millions) $ 167 $ 627 Establishments 384 1.943 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 18.041 10.284 Data pertain to 2001 .161 6.134 33.293 13.156 $ 2. VIEW S(38) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN NORTH DAKOTA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 24.041 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.145 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 479 $ 1.856 Establishments 1.

098 Establishments 5.441 $ 56.061 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 9.004 Establishments 29.527 $ 5.436 $ 19.014 $ 5.472 $ 14.949 $ 14.808 782.489 642. VIEW S(39) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN OHIO All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 448.871 $ 12.358 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 6.600 265.703 80.423 Output (in $ millions) $ 4.570 $ 43.990 Establishments 24.594 19.962 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 102.591 $ 2.752 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 368.890 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.487 $ 4.319 139.551 Output (in $ millions) $ 24.196 Data pertain to 2001 .960 Output (in $ millions) $ 18.790 4.

011 7.452 Output (in $ millions) $ 4.338 196.648 Establishments 2.694 Establishments 9.126 23.698 237.231 $ 3.360 41.116 $ 1.894 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 108.791 $ 3.864 77.474 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 415 $ 1.504 $ 5.958 $ 713 $ 1.463 $ 15.937 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2. VIEW S(40) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN OKLAHOMA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 131.811 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.810 Establishments 10.879 $ 12.584 $ 3.711 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 30.183 1.410 Output (in $ millions) $ 6.172 Data pertain to 2001 .376 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.

754 $ 6.181 $ 17.137 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.906 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 89.744 30.654 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 406 $ 1.139 $ 3.175 Data pertain to 2001 .808 Establishments 10.624 Establishments 8.262 224.887 Output (in $ millions) $ 4. VIEW S(41) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN OREGON All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 119.881 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.456 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.086 Output (in $ millions) $ 7.365 $ 5.184 $ 2.942 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 24.199 $ 893 $ 1.475 64.133 58.789 7.862 $ 4.817 $ 12.964 1.677 Establishments 1.128 166.

872 171.078 17.938 $ 16.944 Data pertain to 2001 .590 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 6.675 92.315 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.643 204.958 533.864 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 283.541 Establishments 6.752 Output (in $ millions) $ 17.842 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 79.830 705.693 $ 5.874 $ 19. VIEW S(42) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN PENNSYLVANIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 376.510 Establishments 24.181 $ 13.421 $ 43.876 Output (in $ millions) $ 3.435 $ 6.306 $ 4.265 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 8.964 $ 2.716 Output (in $ millions) $ 24.880 $ 13.945 Establishments 30.359 $ 59.022 6.

884 $ 4.003 54.937 6.609 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 24.308 Establishments 2.401 16.521 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.347 $ 3.119 $ 537 $ 1.188 Establishments 2.599 11.003 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 137 $ 383 Output (in $ millions) $ 386 $ 961 Establishments 600 1.946 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 520 $ 1.158 451 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 8. VIEW S(43) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN RHODE ISLAND All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 31.558 Data pertain to 2001 .095 $ 214 $ 426 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.884 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 734 $ 1.403 42.

599 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.060 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.386 $ 5.394 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 477 $ 1.307 2.347 Establishments 10.204 $ 4.727 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.942 Establishments 2.756 $ 20.762 Output (in $ millions) $ 6.428 $ 4.370 $ 14.824 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 33.331 Establishments 13.461 31.674 95.009 Data pertain to 2001 .095 $ 6. VIEW S(44) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN SOUTH CAROLINA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 160.560 284.492 56.298 8.659 $ 891 $ 1.984 $ 2.421 Output (in $ millions) $ 8.068 227.131 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 129.

638 Data pertain to 2001 .022 Establishments 2.560 $ 437 $ 1.528 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 67 $ 312 Output (in $ millions) $ 181 $ 857 Establishments 414 1.894 42.356 54.582 Establishments 2.227 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.463 11.366 19.807 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 565 $ 1.052 423 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 4. VIEW S(45) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN SOUTH DAKOTA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 30.941 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 379 $ 837 $ 186 $ 390 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.038 $ 2.475 $ 3.866 6.475 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 23.

048 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 52.077 $ 27.905 48.301 Establishments 18.252 365.475 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 815 $ 2.152 $ 9.777 145.399 $ 1.528 4.145 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.546 $ 4.755 Establishments 14.172 11.042 90.064 Output (in $ millions) $ 11.576 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 198.468 $ 3.230 $ 37.544 Establishments 3.958 Output (in $ millions) $ 2. VIEW S(46) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN TENNESSEE All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 246.463 Output (in $ millions) $ 15.357 Data pertain to 2001 .050 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 5.534 $ 8.772 $ 8.294 456.240 $ 11.

326 Output (in $ millions) $ 48.256 160.888 Data pertain to 2001 .544 $ 34.861 $ 39.546 33.387.872 1.234 $ 9.271 $ 86.492 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.626 Establishments 46.083.720 $ 5.133 Establishments 59.696 304. VIEW S(47) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN TEXAS All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 756.291 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 595.826 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 17.568 1.857 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 209.506 $ 14.607 Output (in $ millions) $ 34.814 $ 121.380 386.434 12.570 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 12.458 Establishments 12.484 $ 11.377 $ 27.143 Output (in $ millions) $ 9.812 $ 24.

089 Output (in $ millions) $ 3.249 49.207 Data pertain to 2001 .948 $ 1.458 126.140 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.435 $ 8.188 Establishments 6.642 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.326 935 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 17.241 Establishments 5.502 17.747 $ 12.849 Output (in $ millions) $ 4.261 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 66.694 $ 3.000 33. VIEW S(48) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN UTAH All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 83.457 159.689 Establishments 1.119 4.312 $ 3.209 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 249 $ 947 Output (in $ millions) $ 746 $ 2.759 $ 499 $ 1.196 $ 2.

561 6.231 18.165 Establishments 1.421 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 43 $ 141 Output (in $ millions) $ 120 $ 378 Establishments 226 853 Data pertain to 2001 .377 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 184 $ 402 $ 170 $ 344 Output (in $ millions) $ 498 $ 1.193 $ 425 $ 972 Establishments 1.809 7.511 12.079 620 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 2.742 30.939 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 353 $ 746 Output (in $ millions) $ 922 $ 2.699 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 10. VIEW S(49) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN VERMONT All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 16.

398 116.812 12.191 Output (in $ millions) $ 12.860 Output (in $ millions) $ 18.928 $ 32.082 419.669 $ 1.475 4.965 $ 9. VIEW S(50) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN VIRGINIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 290.589 62.741 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.941 $ 4.663 Data pertain to 2001 .492 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 4.928 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 63.017 $ 3.177 $ 12.758 $ 10.286 164.080 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 6.105 $ 44.699 $ 14.351 Establishments 16.796 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.480 536.820 Establishments 21.403 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 228.964 Establishments 3.469 $ 5.

326 Establishments 15.488 $ 20.268 $ 9.085 79.189 Output (in $ millions) $ 12.119 Establishments 3.494 43.133 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.867 $ 6.723 $ 3.204 9.041 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 4.776 Data pertain to 2001 .400 $ 2. VIEW S(51) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN WASHINGTON All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 181.722 330.701 $ 8.637 250.942 Output (in $ millions) $ 8.247 $ 1.879 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 138.369 $ 6.549 91.603 Establishments 12.980 2.088 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 735 $ 2.547 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 2.189 $ 29.899 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 47.

437 15.316 25.321 103.221 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 1.985 $ 4.876 Establishments 3.596 1.797 Data pertain to 2001 . VIEW S(52) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN WEST VIRGINIA All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 60.023 $ 2.784 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 677 $ 1.044 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 45.005 77.145 33.545 Establishments 800 2.477 Establishments 5.448 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 11.860 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 141 $ 536 Output (in $ millions) $ 440 $ 1.843 $ 6.601 $ 858 $ 1.079 Output (in $ millions) $ 2.413 $ 346 $ 666 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.

761 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 157.545 360.865 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 3.950 $ 1.873 284.730 Data pertain to 2001 .768 $ 2.509 Output (in $ millions) $ 8.242 $ 6.254 2.613 Output (in $ millions) $ 1.870 $ 6.459 Output (in $ millions) $ 11.523 120.508 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 37.709 $ 6.493 $ 9.214 Establishments 14.190 $ 26.631 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 4.766 43.446 Establishments 12.611 Establishments 2.524 9.349 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 628 $ 2.251 $ 2.672 75.320 $ 19. VIEW S(53) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN WISCONSIN All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 201.

190 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 440 $ 893 Output (in $ millions) $ 988 $ 2.483 5.087 11.707 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 231 $ 484 $ 209 $ 409 Output (in $ millions) $ 684 $ 1.613 $ 304 $ 684 Establishments 1.552 241 In Business Format Franchises Franchisor Owned Franchisee Owned Jobs 4.275 Payroll (in $ millions) $ 50 $ 180 Output (in $ millions) $ 158 $ 525 Establishments 310 1.062 8. VIEW S(54) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING IN WYOMING All Franchises In Franchised Businesses Because of Franchised Businesses Jobs 20.793 Business Format Franchises Product Distribution Franchises In Franchised Because of In Franchised Because of Businesses Franchised Businesses Franchised Businesses Businesses Jobs 15.241 Data pertain to 2001 .424 35.362 26.297 Establishments 1.

402 33.970 Data pertain to 2001 .938 33.081 56.801 36.495 #3 27.972 63.050 #4 24.844 #2 26.312 30.631 #7 44.715 #5 26.343 #6 47.170 34. VIEW S(55) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ALABAMA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 24.

VIEW S(56) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ALASKA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 15.387 28.099 Data pertain to 2001 .

121 #8 45.312 #6 153.738 213.312 #4 149.386 234.312 #5 149.738 213.573 283.618 218.586 66.801 #7 197.738 213.351 #3 149.358 #2 164.605 Data pertain to 2001 .381 29. VIEW S(57) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ARIZONA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 21.

109 41.803 #3 28.401 #4 18.196 22. VIEW S(58) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ARKANSAS Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 19.022 37.573 #2 31.367 24.504 Data pertain to 2001 .

463 58.609 397.191 #17 18.742 #9 43.053 81.369 93.765 #19 38.225 #22 275.044 75.788 73.788 73.751 42.554 63.684 #15 57.804 43.220 #24 35.768 #14 93.974 175.580 198.145 49.888 55.138 74.945 #5 39.532 55.698 #12 55.330 #3 52.742 27.381 31.605 #6 20.715 #21 28.208 121.939 Data pertain to 2001 .192 #4 64.465 #23 42.191 #16 57.829 30.768 #10 122.936 #7 39.299 55.256 #18 57.298 #20 40.968 61.557 35.231 #2 21. VIEW S(59) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF CALIFORNIA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 29.197 #8 26.554 63.670 #11 145.713 #13 43.

781 361.812 #46 355.386 582.198 139.731 #37 250.731 #30 250.731 #35 250.890 #45 42.526 #26 296.781 361.781 361.609 #48 104.327 143.642 #52 95.458 150.781 361.731 #28 250.512 #50 95.147 67.781 361.731 #29 250.781 361.781 361.781 361.923 213.151 #53 95.731 #33 250.731 #39 250.781 361.781 361.731 #40 104.663 202.198 139.731 #34 250.731 #36 250.612 130.151 Data pertain to 2001 .#25 298.078 #42 401.465 61.781 361.458 150.452 #47 104.359 #44 146.537 #43 46.731 #38 250.198 139.781 361.941 433.731 #32 250.928 430.239 513.731 #31 250.478 #27 250.609 #49 137.609 #41 88.781 361.458 150.151 #51 98.

624 #6 55.643 Data pertain to 2001 .057 131.924 #2 60.553 #7 64.342 85.924 83.381 #5 24.201 95.275 45.556 35.828 #3 22.594 33. VIEW S(60) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF COLORADO Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 90.169 #4 33.

148 67.164 66. VIEW S(61) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF CONNECTICUT Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 39.098 53.423 #3 49.160 109.053 #4 45.990 Data pertain to 2001 .632 #2 48.528 #5 80.105 61.

268 48. VIEW S(62) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF DELAWARE Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 29.325 Data pertain to 2001 .

VIEW S(63) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 16.823 Data pertain to 2001 .586 28.

222 #16 58.863 199.492 81.950 175.839 #10 38.681 #8 85.673 65.210 37.115 47.996 158.799 #14 31.336 107.999 41.539 #17 128.490 #2 33.013 #13 26.748 #5 43.996 158.863 199.061 #18 71.528 #15 44.061 #21 128.576 169.335 123.061 #22 102.759 100.991 88.355 #4 55.519 #24 115.507 57.446 #19 102.863 199.183 108.961 #11 94.371 144. VIEW S(64) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF FLORIDA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 26.384 123.046 #7 105.324 #20 128.904 145.324 #23 113.976 157.006 #12 71.973 #25 81.131 #3 165.860 #6 67.750 #9 94.295 246.789 63.082 47.655 Data pertain to 2001 .

968 37.729 46.023 92.818 #2 29.567 #7 43. VIEW S(65) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF GEORGIA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 38.479 75.575 #8 52.482 #11 67.135 Data pertain to 2001 .194 85.340 #3 22.008 38.077 #10 56.051 #6 101.280 #13 152.328 58.895 209.051 #4 60.823 70.927 188.674 137.762 #5 137.528 49.647 #12 35.863 #9 27.586 29.

807 Data pertain to 2001 .515 39.587 54. VIEW S(66) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF HAWAII Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 27.653 #2 37.

144 #2 28.584 Data pertain to 2001 .439 39. VIEW S(67) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF IDAHO Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 26.742 37.

987 #19 39.433 Data pertain to 2001 .290 350.801 309.836 258.836 258.836 258.063 #2 201.836 258.429 #15 38.994 #16 27.122 55.711 49.339 279.058 49.590 #18 42.836 258.973 #12 27.063 #5 186.968 63.338 #7 186.689 #9 186.432 #13 250. VIEW S(68) Econom ic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF ILLINOIS Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 186.425 51.995 #17 48.030 #3 186.836 258.787 329.175 103.063 #6 235.063 #8 222.008 34.657 36.991 #11 37.063 #10 214.237 296.621 #14 72.063 #4 186.

651 #5 78.626 31.730 101.285 #8 26.707 #7 50.945 Data pertain to 2001 .050 37.610 104.963 61.544 37.480 #4 81.070 46.773 #2 25.251 33.389 #6 46.579 #3 29. VIEW S(69) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF INDIANA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 36.839 64.751 #9 29.

373 #5 21.052 27.583 23. VIEW S(70) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF IOWA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 25.130 37.164 Data pertain to 2001 .489 34.037 #3 28.367 #4 18.551 #2 26.553 33.

256 38.517 #2 28.587 28.242 Data pertain to 2001 .774 51.095 #3 37.971 38. VIEW S(71) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF KANSAS Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 22.525 #4 29.

352 #6 31.843 #4 28.964 40.314 #2 68.469 Data pertain to 2001 .698 26. VIEW S(72) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF KENTUCKY Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 21.070 85.993 35.507 52.533 #5 18.576 #3 42.419 23.

656 Data pertain to 2001 .976 #7 23.174 57.983 39.895 #5 20.091 75.318 #6 29.206 #2 40.458 30.670 60. VIEW S(73) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF LOUISIANA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 53.323 26.397 #3 43.893 28.470 #4 20.

498 26.532 Data pertain to 2001 . VIEW S(74) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MAINE Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 20.261 #2 18.020 28.

350 79.961 #6 54.396 86.188 #7 53.250 #2 69.783 81.557 #8 58.396 86.155 107.913 #5 55.581 98.311 100.913 Data pertain to 2001 . VIEW S(75) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MARYLAND Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 67.033 #4 58.976 #3 73.568 78.

157 #10 41.136 Data pertain to 2001 .550 78.404 90.216 87.404 90.144 #7 67.156 #8 67.977 #5 80.120 #3 98.736 #6 62. VIEW S(76) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MASSACHUSETTS Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 82.783 128.857 100.659 #4 91.156 #9 72.031 137.252 116.910 113.347 #2 55.101 59.

168 #13 57.516 #10 33.554 76.656 149.615 38.654 #14 57.527 #5 27.627 111.301 #7 29.032 Data pertain to 2001 .994 33.040 100.484 54.587 #4 25.102 71.006 #8 76.978 #11 114.279 32. VIEW S(77) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MICHIGAN Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 23.511 41.000 #3 24.243 #2 40.986 35.349 92.654 #15 72.703 #6 25.728 #12 83.603 33.102 71.891 #9 57.274 30.

VIEW S(78)

Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING AND JOBS
IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MINNESOTA

Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by
Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses

#1 25,505 33,646
#2 94,991 130,280
#3 72,218 97,146
#4 47,312 64,890
#5 96,254 128,862
#6 29,522 39,661
#7 26,258 35,260
#8 21,065 28,287

Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(79)

Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING AND JOBS
IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MISSISSIPPI

Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by
Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses

#1 24,553 31,261
#2 32,917 43,374
#3 41,112 54,445
#4 28,973 37,153

Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(80)

Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING AND JOBS
IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MISSOURI

Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by
Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses

#1 73,280 99,071
#2 73,462 102,503
#3 79,484 108,475
#4 52,328 73,698
#5 33,860 48,142
#6 55,953 78,341
#7 28,248 41,300
#8 21,298 28,862
#9 33,889 45,818

Data pertain to 2001

VIEW S(81)

Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses

FRANCHISING AND JOBS
IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MONTANA

Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by
Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses

#1 31,370 57,639

Data pertain to 2001

855 25.502 #2 29.041 41.476 35.683 #3 19.808 Data pertain to 2001 . VIEW S(82) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEBRASKA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 26.

825 #3 79.592 Data pertain to 2001 .592 #2 107.926 154.044 112.044 112. VIEW S(83) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEVADA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 79.

176 #2 36.993 52.363 Data pertain to 2001 . VIEW S(84) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 34.730 49.

313 32.531 #11 53.739 #10 36.182 #6 60.808 75.385 80.857 #3 36.020 #8 23.807 #5 38.108 54.931 #7 46.836 60. VIEW S(85) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEW JERSEY Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 32.984 72.660 #9 42.522 54.781 86.549 74.607 64.685 83.529 #2 49.415 46.269 #13 58.173 #12 61.406 Data pertain to 2001 .718 50.394 #4 51.

811 #2 47.070 Data pertain to 2001 . VIEW S(86) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEW MEXICO Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 35.931 #3 46.704 51.811 67.244 67.

671 53.047 #10 16.395 #20 23.907 81.086 36.496 #3 65.758 #22 30.538 #16 8.381 #2 65.822 #6 21.349 #7 29.496 #4 33.340 #17 33.822 88.630 #21 24.620 95.987 59.056 95.495 26.376 34.698 #12 89.234 #24 26.489 49. VIEW S(87) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NEW YORK Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 32.443 #9 37.698 #11 16.218 22.620 95.330 33.760 #14 73.218 22.836 #13 21.404 11.162 #18 25.862 37.214 #15 81.199 29.274 119.166 46.224 #5 54.889 44.460 107.611 Data pertain to 2001 .453 30.477 #19 40.856 41.701 #8 67.454 49.358 #23 19.

459 80.489 Data pertain to 2001 .529 #28 59.349 48.038 #26 62.949 56.302 84.614 #27 35.691 #29 33.#25 40.908 45.

483 71.617 38.694 84.221 52.872 42. VIEW S(88) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NORTH CAROLINA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 35.318 #13 63.352 #4 50.887 37.729 #8 72.617 81.041 #2 60.303 #3 35.771 46.135 #7 29.917 #6 39.363 65.887 96.514 Data pertain to 2001 .628 #5 32.757 120.197 #11 21.634 29.772 #10 28.994 47.471 #9 53.100 #12 92.

VIEW S(89) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF NORTH DAKOTA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 24.145 Data pertain to 2001 .175 44.

523 #6 26.678 42.201 #10 60.998 #18 25.414 44.341 32.870 91.136 #7 80.268 #13 96.633 #5 41.621 #15 63.978 #12 69.870 #9 32.880 #14 110.978 #11 60.107 142.013 52. VIEW S(90) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF OHIO Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 56.924 #17 43.333 28.811 57.575 32.151 #4 23.328 Data pertain to 2001 .149 76.516 #3 34.279 56.343 81.507 78.776 125.577 #16 25.366 #8 44.536 #2 60.856 105.149 76.735 72.387 35.

080 Data pertain to 2001 .577 #4 60.579 81.105 #3 19.951 50.768 24.259 #2 17. VIEW S(91) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF OKLAHOMA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 36.852 #5 41.428 22.370 55.

542 59.895 #2 21.128 29.843 #5 56.179 31.951 #3 41.081 Data pertain to 2001 .010 #4 23. VIEW S(92) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF OREGON Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 53.009 72.605 80.

336 #8 85.595 #16 39.854 #10 31.270 71.563 Data pertain to 2001 .206 #18 68.987 #11 24.706 #19 24.076 #13 63.249 87.607 #6 58.231 #4 78.381 109.614 36.526 31.558 #9 40.015 #14 50.306 95.086 60.906 35.825 #2 63.135 #15 52.665 55.981 87.221 #17 26.293 32.218 80. VIEW S(93) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF PENNSYLVANIA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 44.015 #3 24.963 #12 83.034 57.212 #7 63.413 #5 24.997 34.981 87.039 118.713 70.086 117.125 42.

179 #2 27.215 Data pertain to 2001 .360 36.441 27. VIEW S(94) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF RHODE ISLAND Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 20.

718 #3 21.385 53.065 #5 26.436 56.096 #6 62.620 43.737 83. VIEW S(95) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF SOUTH CAROLINA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 39.456 34.424 26.767 #2 42.706 #4 33.324 Data pertain to 2001 .

807 Data pertain to 2001 .356 54. VIEW S(96) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF SOUTH DAKOTA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 30.

015 72.041 31.032 #2 33.410 28.634 #4 24.170 #6 21.727 #9 52.251 36.751 #5 44.178 #7 111.220 103.447 47.371 Data pertain to 2001 .999 38.676 #8 75. VIEW S(97) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF TENNESSEE Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 26.000 61.618 155.278 #3 27.

217 #19 24.373 26.018 #18 134.075 #9 152.859 184.968 #4 46.859 #11 26.838 #20 58.744 28.670 #12 65.620 207.613 #17 19.950 #22 149.497 #13 19.251 30.475 #16 22.985 #5 128.918 25.043 #7 134.563 #15 32.394 #21 109.793 21.949 #23 91.459 238.689 129.870 32.418 204.763 31.128 #10 40.686 #2 23.049 95.148 41.217 #8 143.859 184.415 36. VIEW S(98) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF TEXAS Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 16.308 52.050 #14 22.583 #3 136.679 150.264 197.484 #24 177.316 62.656 83.232 87.323 173.826 Data pertain to 2001 .436 185.249 #6 71.

#25 143.893 Data pertain to 2001 .700 197.489 #32 114.963 #28 76.482 153.859 184.482 153.739 #29 134.676 #27 23.926 30.217 #30 114.288 #26 100.401 134.828 110.893 #31 152.763 209.

872 Data pertain to 2001 .555 #3 54.505 87.498 #2 60. VIEW S(99) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF UTAH Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 61.817 78.892 87.

742 30. VIEW S(100) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF VERMONT Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 16.939 Data pertain to 2001 .

443 94.197 41.857 43.897 #11 55.323 28.640 #5 20. VIEW S(101) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF VIRGINIA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 44.374 #9 22.380 Data pertain to 2001 .121 #3 58.056 #6 31.243 77.466 83.948 #8 59.613 #7 43.924 #2 41.197 56.474 27.998 #10 67.777 57.504 #4 31.038 60.697 74.

762 42.980 26.483 #6 29.461 23.847 125.131 90.126 118.444 27.155 #4 17.676 #5 18.789 122.344 #9 92.204 #2 95.982 Data pertain to 2001 .397 #7 67.018 #8 87.110 #3 20. VIEW S(102) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF WASHINGTON Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 90.609 128.

816 24.685 24.644 Data pertain to 2001 .734 #2 21.820 27.649 #3 18. VIEW S(103) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF WEST VIRGINIA Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 19.

567 #3 24. VIEW S(104) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF WISCONSIN Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 76.206 32.242 41.029 29.328 88.313 #6 32.257 103.127 #2 36.770 #4 36.154 Data pertain to 2001 .454 #5 65.965 49.303 #7 22.170 39.803 49.697 #8 29.

VIEW S(105) Economic Impact of Franchised Businesses FRANCHISING AND JOBS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF WYOMING Jobs in Franchised Jobs Created by Congressional District Businesses Franchised Businesses #1 20.190 Data pertain to 2001 .424 35.

Geographic Groupings Geographic Cells The main databases for this study contain information down to the county (or county- like-unit) level within each State. This disclosure issue becomes less of a problem when data are aggregated up to higher geographic levels. For example. Appendix A. the two geographic cells for Nevada are (1) Clark County and (2) all Nevada counties except Clark County. If the website of the member of Congress for a district fails to mention such a county. we do not want to include an entire county in a Congressional District if only a de minimis portion of the county is in the actual district. To continue to illustrate with Nevada. we formed geographic “cells” by combining all counties that are fully within a single Congressional District. the 1st District (which falls entirely in Clark County) is Clark County.units (e. 1 . then we exclude it from the Congressional District as defined for this study. Any county that is split between Congressional Districts was not combined with others. Therefore. in order to avoid disclosing information that could be linked back to a specific establishment within a county. Congressional District – County Mappings A Congressional District in this report is the collection of the geographic cells that include a portion of the actual congressional district. Exhibit 1 relates counties or county. and the 3rd district (which falls entirely in Clark County) is Clark County.g. and therefore is a geographic cell itself. parishes in Louisiana) to Congressional Districts for the 108th Congress. Notwithstanding the general rule for forming Congressional Districts for this report.like. the 2nd District (which is part of Clark County plus all the rest of Nevada) is all of Nevada. This convention is necessary because the federal data that support this study are generally reported at the county level. This structure allows us to aggregate data to the three geographic reporting levels of this study: Congressional District. State. They do not give complete information for some sparsely populated counties. and national.

Mobile. De Kalb. Graham. Pinal 7 La Paz. 3 Coosa. Greene. Nome. Pickens. Mohave. Navajo 3 Maricopa. St Clair. La Paz. Morgan. Aleutians West. Morgan Bibb. Marion. Walker. Conecuh. Macon. Kodiak. Talladega. Wrangell-Petersburg. Lawrence. Jackson. Juneau. Coffee. Pickens. Yavapai 2 Coconino. Southeast Fairbanks. St Clair. Clay. Fairbanks North Star. Wade Hampton. 1 Washington Autauga. Houston. Cullman. Tallapoosa Blount. Hale. Montgomery. Jefferson. Lowndes. Island. Maricopa. 5 Madison. 4 Maricopa. Bullock. 4 Lamar. Chambers. Pinal. Henry. Yuma 8 Cochise. Sitka. 7 Marengo. Gila. Escambia. Yukon-Koyukuk Arizona (8) Apache. Limestone. Clarke. Etowah. Sumter. 1 Pinal. 6 Maricopa. Skagway- Hoonah-Angoo. Exhibit 1 State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Alabama (7) Baldwin. Shelby. Barbour. Haines. Bethel. Lauderdale. Chilton. Pima. Tuscaloosa. Santa Cruz. Maricopa. Anchorage. Northwest Arctic. Cherokee. Geneva. 6 Tuscoosa Choctaw. Pike Calhoun. Elmore. Prince-Wales-Ketchik. Fayette. 2 Covington. Monroe. Montgomery. Wilcox Alaska (1) Aleutians East. Lake And Peninsula. Dallas. Pinal. Dillingham. Denali. Valdez- Cordova. 1 Matanuska-Susitna. Perry. Clarke. Yakutat. Crenshaw. Butler. Coosa. Franklin. 5 Maricopa. Ketchikan Gateway. Jefferson. Santa Cruz 2 . North Slope. Kenai Peninsula. Russell. Dale. Greenlee. Lee. Bristol Bay. Marshl. Coconino. Randolph. Navajo. Cleburne. Pima. Winston Colbert.

Nevada. Johnson. Modoc. Fulton. Searcy. Pike. Yuba 3 Alpine. Van 2 Buren. Craighead. Sonoma 7 Contra Costa. Mendocino. Little River. San Joaquin. Hempstead. Lawrence. Bradley. Dallas. Ouachita. Madera. Boone. 1 Sonoma. Polk. Solano Butte. Stone. Washington Ashley. Poinsett. Crawford. Kern. Contra Costa. Miller. Cross. Lincoln. Mariposa. Garland. Sacramento. Siskiyou. 14 San Mateo. Humboldt. Merced. Woodruff Conway. Nevada. Placer. Baxter. Logan. 4 Plumas. Stanislaus 19 Fresno. Franklin. Randolph. Union California (53) Del Norte. Calhoun. Monroe. 1 Izard. Stanislaus. San Benito. Yolo Butte. Lonoke. Los Angeles. Cleveland. 9 Alameda. Amador. Clay. Crittenden. Chicot. Cleburne. Sutter. 4 Lafayette. Contra Costa. Sharp. Grant. Santa Clara 12 San Francisco. 16 Santa Clara. Montgomery. Napa. 10 Alameda. Sevier. Scott. Calaveras. Faulkner. Yell Benton. Kings 21 Fresno. Jefferson. Sacramento. Trinity. Tuolumne 20 Fresno. Sacramento. Pope. Tulare 22 Kern. Yolo. Lee. Columbia. Sebastian. 6 Marin. Glenn. San Mateo 13 Alameda. Jackson. Marion. 2 Tehama. Madera. Phillips. Prairie. Pulaski. St Francis. White. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Arkansas (4) Arkansas. Lake. Santa Cruz 18 Fresno. Independence. Newton. Perry. Lassen. Carroll. Greene. San Luis Obispo 3 . Howard. Desha. Solano 11 Alameda. Solano 8 San Francisco. Saline. Clark. Santa Cruz 15 Santa Clara. El Dorado. Colusa. Sierra 5 Sacramento. San Joaquin. Mississippi. 17 Monterey. Hot Spring. Santa Clara. Shasta. Drew. 3 Madison.

33 Los Angeles. 53 San Diego. San Bernardino 26 Los Angeles. 35 Los Angeles. 29 Los Angeles. Ventura 24 Santa Barbara. Orange 47 Orange. Orange. San Diego 52 San Diego. 40 Orange. 39 Los Angeles. 31 Los Angeles. 28 Los Angeles. 34 Los Angeles. 4 . 49 Riverside. 32 Los Angeles. 30 Los Angeles. Los Angeles. San Diego 50 San Diego. Mono. San Bernardino 27 Los Angeles. 46 Los Angeles. 48 Orange. San Bernardino 43 San Bernardino. 51 Imperial. Ventura 25 Inyo. Santa Barbara. 37 Los Angeles. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District California (53) 23 San Luis Obispo. Riverside 45 Riverside. San Bernardino 42 Los Angeles. 38 Los Angeles. 36 Los Angeles. 44 Orange. 41 Riverside.

Logan. Litchfield. Kiowa. 11 Hillsborough. Morgan. Hartford. Osceola 9 Hillsborough. Crowley. El Paso. Pitkin. Park 7 Adams. 6 Marion Flagler. Marion. Sedgwick. Grand. Gunnison. 2 Jackson. Duval. Marion. Weld. Polk. Clear Creek. Duval. Delta. Jefferson Connecticut (5) 1 Hartford. 2 Gilpin. Litchfield. Leon. Calhoun. Jefferson. Cheyenne. Walton. Orange. New Castle. Montezuma. New Haven Delaware (1) 1 Kent. 3 Putnam. Clay. Arapahoe. Boulder. Sussex Florida (25) Escambia. Broomfield. Custer. 7 Volusia 8 Lake. Elbert. Hinsdale. Putnam. Lake. Garfield. 4 Madison. Weld Alamosa. Rio Grande. Orange. Dolores. Gulf. Seminole. New London. Conejos. Liberty. Lake. Park. Windham 3 Fairfield. Washington. Costilla. Routt. Rio Blanco. Levy. Okaloosa. Pinellas 10 Pinellas. Gilchrist. Leon. Dixie. Manatee. Hernando. Tolland. Denver. Bent. Saguache. Taylor. Pueblo. Levy. Gadsden. Archuleta. Fremont. Lake. Summit. St Johns. Huerfano. Otero. Clay. San Juan. La Plata. Middlesex. Wakulla. New Haven 5 Fairfield. Hamilton. Eagle. 5 Sumter Alachua. Arapahoe. Montrose. 1 Washington Bay. Volusia Baker. Jackson. Pasco. Walton Alachua. Seminole. Prowers. Boulder. Jefferson Adams. Kit Carson. Lincoln. Santa Rosa. San Miguel Baca. Nassau. Columbia. Okaloosa. Douglas. Lafayette. Union Citrus. Pasco. Mineral. Teller 6 Arapahoe. Yuma 5 Chaffee. Jefferson. Marion. Mesa. New Haven 4 Fairfield. Franklin. Jefferson. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Colorado (7) 1 Adams. 3 Moffat. Larimer. Middlesex 2 Hartford. Ouray. 4 Phillips. Middlesex. Holmes. Lake. Duval. Orange. Suwannee. Bradford. Jefferson. Otero. Pinellas 5 . Las Animas.

Hendry. Palm Beach. Miami-Dade 22 Broward. Lee 15 Brevard. Miami-Dade 21 Broward. Indian River. De Soto. Orange. Hendry. Polk Charlotte. Volusia 25 Collier. St Lucie 17 Broward. Martin. Glades. Palm Beach. Osceola. Highlands. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Florida (25) 12 Hillsborough. Monroe 19 Broward. Miami-Dade. Palm Beach 23 Broward. Hardee. Monroe 6 . Seminole. Polk 13 Charlotte. Manatee. 16 Okeechobee. Martin. St Lucie 24 Brevard. Sarasota 14 Charlotte. Collier. Osceola. Palm Beach 20 Broward. Miami-Dade 18 Miami-Dade.

Brantley. Gwinnett 5 Clayton. Chatham. Washington. 2 Hawaii. Wheeler. Stewart. Cobb. Fulton 6 Cherokee. Polk. Bleckley. Jones. 13 Henry. Madison. Honolulu. Twiggs. Gilmer. Ware. Spalding. Dodge. Fayette. Stephens. Oglethorpe. Quitman. Paulding. Muscogee. Hall. Clinch. Greene. Troup. Pierce. Mitchell. 9 Mcduffie. Candler. Gwinnett. Newton. Peach. Irwin. Paulding Bibb. Pulaski. Coweta. Walker. Taliaferro. 1 Colquitt. Douglas. Oglethorpe. Lowndes. Camden. Turner. Cobb. Miller. Upson Banks. Crawford. Berrien. Putnam. Forsyth. Glynn. Worth Baldwin. Spalding. Fannin. De Kalb. Coffee. Sumter. Clarke. Webster. Elbert. Johnson. Treutlen. Pickens. Jasper. Bulloch. Fulton. Evans. Meriwether. 10 Gordon. Telfair. Gwinnett. De Kalb. Chatham. Maui 7 . Pulaski. Bibb. Jenkins. Fayette. Butts. Emanuel. Murray. Tift. Macon. 8 Harris. Laurens. Houston. Jackson. Kauai. Newton. Warren Butts. Wilkinson 4 De Kalb. Brooks. Bacon. Wilkes Catoosa. Walton Hawaii (2) 1 Honolulu. Douglas. White. Seminole. Cook. Richmond. Fulton 7 Bartow. Rockdale. Ben Hill. Habersham. Rockdale. Lee. Cook. Long. Early. Morgan. Wilcox. Lanier. Toombs. Wayne. Troup. Lincoln. Newton. 11 Floyd. 2 Grady. Union. Dade. Carroll. Thomas. Muscogee. 12 Glascock. Columbia. Lumpkin. Clayton. Hancock. Decatur. Atkinson. Henry. Liberty. Terrell. Richmond. Forsyth. Muscogee. Rabun. Screven. Charlton. Walton. Marion. Echols. Coweta. Houston. Mcintosh. Taylor. Haralson. Talbot. Dawson. Carroll. Jones. Oconee. Jeff Davis. Pike. Monroe. Lowndes. Wilcox Baker. Tattnall. Harris. Crisp. Effingham. Lamar. Walton. Jefferson. Upson Bryan. Hart. Burke. Gwinnett. Chattooga. Franklin. Dooly. Heard. Cobb. Colquitt. Schley. Towns. Bryan. Cherokee. Dougherty. Barrow. Clay. Whitfield Bartow. Rockdale. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Georgia (13) Appling. 3 Montgomery. Calhoun. Chattahoochee. Randolph.

Knox. Franklin. Teton. Lemhi. Jackson. Owyhee. Clearwater. Jo Daviess. Gooding. Idaho. Bonneville. Douglas. Randolph. Cassia. Gallatin. 8 Cook. Oneida. 6 Cook. Saline. Bonner. Power. St Clair. Latah. Livingston. Hancock. Franklin. Union. Williamson 13 Cook. Nez Perce. Pulaski. Macon. Greene. Will Bureau. Piatt. Bear Lake. De Kalb. Lawrence. Henry. Kane. Valley. 14 Lee. Adams. Crawford. Minidoka. Woodford Alexander. Rock Island. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Idaho (2) Ada. Kendall. Butte. Will 3 Cook. 4 Cook. Ogle. Bingham. Du Page. Shelby. Henderson. McHenry 9 Cook. Lake. Macoupin. La Salle. Grundy. Kootenai. Henry. 15 Iroquois. Blaine. 5 Cook. Cumberland. Edgar. Warren. 11 Mclean. Clark. Whiteside. Madison. Caribou. Carroll. Livingston. Gem. Lake Bureau. Calhoun. Winnebago Adams. 2 Custer. Washington Ada. Boundary. Monroe. Whiteside 8 . Madison. Madison. 12 Perry. Twin Falls Illinois (19) 1 Cook. Pike. 10 Cook. 1 Lewis. Camas. Fulton. Clark. De Witt. 2 Cook. Jersey. Mchenry. Elmore. Kankakee. De Kalb. Benewah. Vermilion. Canyon. Moultrie. Wabash. Du Page 7 Cook. White Boone. Fayette. Sangamon. Bannock. Jerome. 17 Mcdonough. Fremont. Lincoln. Will. Ford. Shoshone. Christian. Coles. Whiteside Champaign. Jefferson. Payette. Macon. Boise. Edwards. Montgomery. 16 Stephenson. Mercer. Du Page. Mclean.

Jackson. Hancock. Clay. Jasper. Madison. Shelby. 19 Marion. Ohio. 4 Lawrence. Ripley. Owen. Hamilton. Monroe. Knox. Rush. De Kalb. 3 Steuben. Johnson. Macon. Warrick Bartholomew. Tazewell. Wabash. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Illinois (19) Adams. La Porte. Washington 9 . 18 Putnam. Dearborn. White Allen. Marion. Monroe. Gibson. Fountain. Posey. Brown. Menard. 8 Martin. Edwards. Mason. Lawrence. Montgomery. Sangamon. Elkhart. Marion. Cass. Randolph. Warren. Pope. Sullivan. Saline. Tippecanoe. Wells 7 Marion. White Grant. Schuyler. Huntington. Henry. Howard. White. Tipton. Harrison. Woodford Bond. Effingham. Cass. Fulton. 9 Jennings. Clay. Jay. Bartholomew. Scott. Union. Pike. Miami. Washington. Wayne. Whitley Boone. Sangamon. Porter. Newton. Knox. Logan. Gallatin. Dearborn. Pulaski. Marshall. Richland. Hendricks. Montgomery. Madison. Lagrange. Crawford. Vanderburgh. Decatur. Wayne. Porter. Orange. Kosciusko. Wabash Adams. Morgan. Bureau. Jasper. Brown. Noble. Greene. Dubois. Hardin. Howard. Putnam. Christian. Jefferson. Peoria. Spencer. Allen. Fountain. Starke. Jersey. Shelby. Greene. Daviess. Stark. Parke. Clinton. Shelby. Jefferson. Floyd. 2 Marshall. Vigo. Williamson Indiana (9) 1 Benton. Massac. St Joseph Carroll. Clark. Johnson. Vermillion. Switzerland. 6 Johnson. Morgan. Scott. Hamilton. Lake. Pike. Delaware. Fayette. 5 Johnson. Elkhart. Fayette. Perry. Franklin. Clinton. Blackford.

Crawford. Ness. Reno. Sherman. Mcpherson. Polk. Wabaunsee. Graham. Grant. Calhoun. Jewell. Lane. Sioux. Louisa. Wayne Benton. Greenwood. Cass. Henry. Hodgeman. Rawlins. Muscatine. Douglas. Audubon. Kearny. Marion. Jefferson. Webster. Thomas. Emmet. Scott. 4 Kossuth. Rice. Russell. Plymouth. Wright Adair. Clayton. Atchison. Adams. Stafford. Pawnee. 1 Meade. Pocahontas. Howard. Rooks. Riley. Dallas. Harvey. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Iowa (5) Black Hawk. Taylor. Hamilton. Davis. Logan. Cerro Gordo. Ellsworth. Franklin. Buena Vista. Mitchell. Scott Appanoose. Worth. Cherokee. Cedar. 3 Mahaska. Hamilton. Buchanan. 2 Franklin. Morton. Republic. Osborne. Stanton. Montgomery. Elk. Fremont. Clay. Kiowa. Hardin. Iowa. Sumner 10 . Johnson. Norton. Greene. Palo Alto. 5 Mills. Winnebago. Geary. Seward. Clark. Dickinson. Cherokee. Doniphan. Osage. Marshall. Pratt. Sedgwick. Decatur. Shawnee. Dubuque. Jackson. Gove. Clay. Saline. Barton. Boone. Sheridan. Wilson. Brown. Marshall. Linn. Wallace. Delaware. Madison. Coffey. Greenwood. Humboldt. Warren. Wichita Allen. Page. Jones. Neosho. Stevens. Ringgold. Kingman. Jasper. Dickinson. Story. Washington. Trego. Pottawattamie. Clarke. Hancock. 4 Harper. Cowley. Greeley. Ottawa. Chase. Mitchell. Floyd. Shelby. Butler. Keokuk. Leavenworth. Johnson. Finney. O Brien. Marion. Linn. Harrison. Jackson. Phillips. Woodson 3 Douglas. Cheyenne. Grundy. Miami. Comanche. Anderson. 2 Jefferson. Nemaha. Pottawatomie. Bourbon. Chickasaw. Morris. Washington. Bremer. Guthrie. Geary. Rush. Winneshiek. Tama Allamakee. Carroll. Ida. Lyon. Poweshiek. Fayette. Des Moines. Lee. Montgomery. Ford. Osceola. 1 Clinton. Lucas. Wyandotte Butler. Union. Lyon. Ellis. Crawford. Haskell. Smith. Sac. Chautauqua. Edwards. Monroe. Labette. Monona. Lincoln. Gray. Wapello. Van Buren. Woodbury Kansas (4) Barber. Nemaha. Decatur. Cloud.

Meade. Calcasieu. Sabine. Pulaski. Fulton. Henderson. Jackson. Morgan. Garrard. Livingston. 6 Franklin. Caldwell. Bell. Lewis. 5 Letcher. Beauregard. St Bernard. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Kentucky (6) Adair. East Baton Rouge. Mason. Jefferson. Owsley. Livingston. Boyle. Avoyelles. Bath. St Mary. 6 Iberville. Catahoula. Campbell. Russell. St Landry. Iberville. Butler. Clinton. Clay. Kenton. Mclean. Orleans. Hardin. Lee. Grant. Shelby. Bienville. Trigg. St James. Martin. Ohio. 3 Plaquemines. Monroe. Allen. Harlan. Floyd. Hickman. Breckinridge. Owen. Taylor. Breathitt. Metcalfe. Boyd. Magoffin. Warren. Cumberland. Scott. 5 La Salle. Bourbon. Greenup. St Charles. Iberia. Perry. Pike. Elliott. Tensas. 4 Harrison. West Baton Rouge. Jackson. Terrebonne Allen. Nelson. Jefferson 7 Davis. Muhlenberg. Assumption. Ohio. Todd. Boone. Jessamine. Caldwell. Franklin. Natchitoches. Bossier. Morehouse. Webster Barren. Richland. East Feliciana. Leslie. Calloway. 4 Claiborne. Fayette. Hart. St Helena. Caddo. Graves. Logan. Nicholas. Laurel. Ballard. East Carroll. West Carroll. Edmonson. Bracken. Wolfe Anderson. Johnson. Concordia. Daviess. Knott. 1 Tangipahoa. Lafourche. Pointe Coupee. Madison. Marshall. Madison. Vernon. Fleming. Evangeline. De Soto. Green. Carlisle. Casey. Montgomery. Orleans Ascension. Christian. Ouachita. Wayne. Mccreary. Grant. Scott. Mccracken. Robertson. Whitley. Washington 3 Jefferson. Oldham. Washington 2 Jefferson. Carter. West Feliciana Acadia. Hancock. Cameron. Spencer. Carroll. Lincoln. St John The Baptist. Lyon. Rapides. Mercer. Woodford Louisiana (7) Jefferson. 2 Larue. Pointe Coupee. Grayson. Trimble Bath. Rockcastle. Powell. Menifee. Winn Ascension. St Tammany. Vermilion 11 . Gallatin. Estill. Bullitt. St Charles. Knox. Union. Simpson. Jefferson. Union. Red River. 1 Hopkins. Marion. Lawrence. Henry. Evangeline. Crittenden. Lincoln. Lafayette. Webster Allen. St Martin. Clark. Rowan. Lincoln. Pendleton.

Plymouth 5 Essex. Piscataquis. Suffolk 10 Barnstable. Middlesex. Baltimore (City) 3 Anne Arundel. Hampshire. Harford. Garrett. Penobscot. Suffolk 9 Bristol. Caroline. Carroll. Norfolk. Prince Georges Anne Arundel. Lincoln. Howard. Franklin. Norfolk. Baltimore (City) 4 Montgomery. 2 Kennebec. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Maine (2) Cumberland. Frederick. Knox. Baltimore. 1 (10) Middlesex. Worcester 2 Anne Arundel. Hampden. Aroostook. Somerset. Somerset. Plymouth 12 . Queen Annes. Charles. Plymouth. Franklin. Howard. Talbot. Baltimore. Baltimore. 1 York Androscoggin. Washington 7 Baltimore. Suffolk 8 Middlesex. Washington Maryland (8) Anne Arundel. 6 Harford. Calvert. Prince Georges Massachusetts Berkshire. 1 Dorchester. Baltimore (City) 8 Montgomery. Worcester 2 Hampden. Nantucket. Harford. Norfolk. Kennebec. Sagadahoc. Middlesex 7 Middlesex. Prince Georges. Worcester 3 Bristol. Middlesex. Norfolk. Dukes. Waldo. Hampshire. Worcester 4 Bristol. Wicomico. Baltimore. Middlesex. Hancock. Norfolk. Worcester 6 Essex. Kent. Cecil. Oxford. St 5 Marys Allegany.

Roscommon. Livingston. Kent. 2 Muskegon. Iron. Ionia. Baraga. Alger. 7 Lenawee. Missaukee. Calhoun. Berrien. Newaygo. Delta. Mason. Cass. Saginaw. Washtenaw 8 Clinton. Lapeer. Macomb. Montmorency. Sanilac 11 Oakland. Gratiot. 4 Leelanau. Wexford 3 Barry. Saginaw. Marquette. Washtenaw. Tuscola Allegan. Wayne 13 . Menominee. St 6 Joseph. Charlevoix. Oakland 13 Wayne. 10 Huron. Presque Isle. Alpena. Kent Clare. Otsego. Gladwin. Oceana. Genesee. Jackson. Mackinac. Eaton. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Michigan (15) Alcona. Shiawassee 5 Bay. Montcalm. Gogebic. Crawford. Ogemaw. Van Buren Branch. Hillsdale. Benzie. Grand Traverse. Ontonagon. Wayne 12 Macomb. Schoolcraft Allegan. 15 Monroe. Kalamaz oo. Ottawa. Oakland. Shiawassee 9 Oakland. Chippewa. Ingham. Oscoda. Luce. Emmet. Midland. Keweenaw. Mecosta. Manistee. Lake. Antrim. St Clair. Houghton. Bay. Arenac. Dickinson. Osceola. Cheboygan. 14 Wayne. 1 Iosco. Calhoun. Kalkaska. Isabella.

St Louis. Issaquena. Franklin. Chickasaw. Cass. Amite. De Soto. 6 Wright Becker. Crow Wing. Martin. Rankin. Benton. Lyon. Wabasha. Redwood. Houston. Jones. Lincoln. Pope. Morrison. Yalobusha Attala. Tunica. Lee. 2 Rice. Copiah. Winston Clarke. Traverse. Kittson. 4 Jackson. Ramsey Anoka. Mahnomen. Warren. 7 Otter Tail. Chisago. Mcleod. Humphreys. Benton. Stearns. Polk. Carlton. Lake Of The Woods. Quitman. Marshall. Walthall. Webster. Covington. Lawrence. Fillmore. Washington. Swift. Hennepin. Jasper. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Minnesota (8) Blue Earth. 3 Neshoba. Clearwater. Montgomery. Scott. Goodhue. Greene. Lauderdale. Marshall. Roseau. Lake. Wilkinson. Pennington. Hinds. Tate. Madison. Cottonwood. Tishomingo. Isanti. Noxubee. Bolivar. Stearns. Stone. Scott. Meeker. Forrest. Monroe. Itasca. Hennepin 4 Dakota. Sherburne. 1 Mower. Chippewa. Norman. Hubbard. Yazoo Adams. Pipestone. 1 Lowndes. Dodge. Clay. Holmes. Tippah. Lamar. Union. Newton. Grenada. Kanabec. Choctaw. Prentiss. 2 Leake. Jackson. Pine. Faribault. Marion. Jefferson. Washington 5 Anoka. Kandiyohi. Washington 3 Anoka. Lincoln. Washington. Stevens. Pontotoc. Grant. Red Lake. Yellow Medicine Aitkin. Calhoun. Waseca. Winston. Murray. Madison. Lac Qui Parle. Leflore. Wilkin. Douglas. Sibley. Jones. Panola. Smith. Mille Lacs. Hancock. Jefferson Davis. Perry. Freeborn. Nobles. Itawamba. Wayne 14 . Coahoma. Todd. Simpson. Steele. Watonwan. Hinds. Hennepin. Sunflower. George. Le Sueur. Kemper. Wadena Mississippi (4) Alcorn. Lafayette. Cook. Beltrami. Webster. Beltrami. Olmsted. Jasper. Winona Carver. Rock. Big Stone. Renville. Claiborne. Dakota. Pearl River. Harrison. Marion. Ramsey. Tallahatchie. Pike. Clay. 8 Koochiching. Nicollet. Leake. Brown. Sharkey. Oktibbeha. Carroll.

9 Macon. Wheatland. Worth Barry. Dade. Pemiscot. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Missouri (9) 1 St Louis. Christian. Schuyler. Daviess. Osage. Maries. Johnson. Pike. Cole. Cass. Sheridan. Daniels. Roosevelt. Monroe. Polk. Jasper. Oregon. Mercer. Prairie. 6 Gentry. Reynolds. Jackson Andrew. Chouteau. Callaway. Scotland. Platte. St Clair. Stillwater. Carroll. Valley. Teton. Newton. Clay. Benton. Chariton. Shelby. 4 Laclede. Boone. Fergus. Ray. Cascade. Richland. Silver Bow. Warren Montana (1) Beaverhead. Scott. Glacier. Camden. Clark. Carbon. Howard. Washington. Nodaway. Linn. Deer Lodge. Granite. Lincoln. Fallon. St Francois. Dunklin. Stone. Hill. Putnam. Texas. Madison. Shannon. Perry. Harrison. Moniteau. Judith Basin. Park. Broadwater. Cape Girardeau. Rosebud. Butler. Montgomery. Big Horn. Greene. Lewis And Clark. Ralls. Wright Adair. Powell. Powder River. 8 Phelps. Crawford. Henry. Douglas. St Charles. Saline. Jackson. Audrain. Yellowstone 15 . Blaine. St Louis 3 Jefferson. Gallatin. Sullivan. De Kalb. Holt. Dawson. Musselshell. Taney Bollinger. Pulaski. Madison. Flathead. Lafayette. Missoula. Atchison. Iron. Taney. Ozark. St Louis. Pondera. Dallas. Custer. Ravalli. Petroleum. Liberty. Carter. Wayne. Ripley. St Genevieve. Sanders. Morgan. New Madrid. 1 Mineral. Golden Valley. Camden. Gasconade. Bates. St Charles. Pettis. Phillips. Polk. Lawrence. Meagher. Treasure. Grundy. Livingston. Dent. 7 Mcdonald. Sweet Grass. St Louis (City) 2 Lincoln. Knox. Howell. Hickory. Randolph. Mccone. Jefferson. Lewis. Stoddard. Mississippi. Webster 5 Cass. Franklin. St Louis (City) Barton. Carter. Cedar. Clinton. Jackson. Vernon. Wibaux. Caldwell. Buchanan. Marion. Cooper. Miller. Toole. Garfield. Lake.

Monmouth. Greeley. Washoe. Pawnee. Arthur. Camden. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Nebraska (3) Burt. Otoe. Middlesex. Loup. Humboldt. Hillsborough. Garfield. Cheyenne. Brown. Gloucester. Dixon. Eureka. Dodge. Hooker. 3 Howard. Union 11 Essex. Chase. Elko. Custer. Boone. Lyon. Hamilton. Scotts Bluff. Thomas. Monmouth. Sherman. Seward. Ocean 4 Burlington. Somerset 13 Essex. Douglas. 2 Pershing. Gloucester Atlantic. Carroll. Sioux. Banner. Cass. Rockingham. Hillsborough. Gage. Cherry. Kearney. Pierce. Polk. Dawson. Storey. Monmouth. Box Butte. Warren 6 Middlesex. Mercer. Butler. Antelope. Clay. Thurston. Kimball. Sussex 12 Hunterdon. Esmeralda. Rock. Richardson. Lincoln. Grant. Passaic. York Nevada (3) 1 Clark. Platte. Hudson. Sheridan. Cedar. Harlan. 2 Merrimack. Nye. Wayne 2 Douglas. Lincoln. Camden. Passaic 9 Bergen. White Pine. Perkins. Salem 3 Burlington. Valley. Mineral. Somerset. Cape May. Grafton. 1 (2) Rockingham. Coos. Franklin. Lancaster. Thayer. Churchill. Sarpy Adams. Carson City (City) 3 Clark New Hampshire Belknap. Lander. Saunders. Camden. Blaine. Cuming. Fillmore. Morrill. Sullivan New Jersey (13) 1 Burlington. Buffalo. Burlington. Passaic. Dawes. Wheeler. 1 Nemaha. 2 Cumberland. Mercer. Dundy. Deuel. Union 16 . Middlesex. Logan. Cedar. Nance. Jefferson. Webster. Mcpherson. Middlesex. Merrimack. Strafford Belknap. Merrick. Nuckolls. Hudson. Frontier. Hitchcock. Ocean 5 Bergen. Red Willow. Cheshire. Saline. Somerset. Furnas. Johnson. Knox. Keith. Hayes. Holt. Hall. Sarpy. Madison. Boyd. Gosper. Sussex. Washington. Garden. Dakota. Morris. Passaic 10 Essex. Colfax. Clark. Union 8 Essex. Phelps. Union 7 Hunterdon. Somerset. Keya Paha. Stanton. Hudson.

Catron. Otero. Valencia Bernalillo. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District New Mexico (3) 1 Bernalillo. 3 Sandoval. Mckinley. 7 Bronx. Cibola. Lincoln. Queens 10 Kings. Valencia Bernalillo. Harding. Mora. Torrance. Curry. Queens 16 Bronx. Dona 2 Ana. De Baca. Suffolk 3 Nassau. 12 Kings. Queens 15 Bronx. Chaves. Santa Fe. New York. San Miguel. Luna. Queens 8 Kings. 11 Kings. 17 . Richmond 14 New York. New York 9 Kings. Sandoval. Roosevelt. Queens 6 Queens. Los Alamos. New York. Grant. Queens 13 Kings. Colfax. Rio Arriba. 5 Nassau. Guadalupe. Quay. Taos. Suffolk 4 Nassau. San Juan. Eddy. Socorro. Hidalgo. Lea. Union New York (29) 1 Suffolk 2 Nassau. Sierra. Mckinley. Santa Fe.

23 Lewis. Pitt. Monroe. Sampson 18 . 20 Otsego. Pitt. Iredell. Chowan. Saratoga. Wilkes. Duplin. Halifax. Westchester 18 Rockland. Franklin. Wilson Chatham. Hertford. Jefferson. Cumberland. Ashe. Montgomery. Seneca. Tompkins. Onslow. Orange. Dutchess. Oneida. Westchester 19 Dutchess. Robeson. Greene. Erie 28 Erie. Pasquotank. Westchester Columbia. Monroe. Nash. Monroe. Cortland. Currituck. Putnam. Davidson. Washington. Rockland. Camden. Wyoming 27 Chautauqua. Craven. 1 Lenoir. Tioga. 7 New Hanover. Ontario. Delaware. Wayne Erie. 6 Rowan Bladen. Guilford. Rensselaer. Davie. Pamlico. Vance. Nash. Surry. Fulton. Randolph. Ulster Clinton. Genesee. Rockland. Niagara. Pender. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District New York (29) 17 Bronx. Hyde. Vance. Hamilton. Orange. Essex. Wilson 4 Chatham. Warren. Oswego. Ontario. 26 Orleans. Warren. Sullivan. Brunswick. Wake Alexander. Tyrrell. Greene. 22 Tioga. Chemung. Durham. Cattaraugus. (13) Gates. Jones. 5 Rockingham. Carteret. Yates North Carolina Beaufort. Rensselaer. Delaware. Granville. Fulton. Onondaga. St Lawrence Broome. Niagara. 3 Dare. Otsego. Martin. Alleghany. Schoharie Broome. Columbus. Monroe. Duplin. Perquimans. Northampton. Wayne. Edgecombe. Lenoir. Cumberland. Tompkins 25 Cayuga. Saratoga. Cayuga. Sampson. Steuben. Craven. 2 Lee. Jones. Orange. Dutchess. Harnett. Essex. Forsyth. 29 Schuyler. Herkimer. Washington Albany. Moore. Bertie. Nash. Livingston. Orleans Allegany. 21 Schenectady. Watauga. Stokes. Johnston. Franklin. Wayne. Wake Beaufort. Yadkin Alamance. 24 Oneida. Madison. Chenango.

Defiance. 4 Logan. Davidson. Lincoln. Champaign. Bottineau. Wyandot Athens. Lamoure. Steele. Van Wert. Clay. Brown. Paulding. 1 Mclean. Grant. Scotland. Polk. Mercer. Mahoning. Stanly. Rolette. Wood. Williams. Gallia. Renville. Morton. Mcdowell. Hardin. Cavalier. 10 Gaston. Ramsey. 11 Henderson. Fairfield. Belmont. Robeson. Griggs. Columbiana. Lorain. Wake North Dakota (1) Adams. 6 Lawrence. Auglaize. Walsh. Bowman. Burke. Richland. Traill. 2 Warren 3 Clinton. Wells. 5 Lucas. Madison. Putnam. Jackson. Ottawa 19 . Cumberland. Cabarrus. Hamilton. Pike. Mckenzie. Person. Caswell. Swain. Guilford. Dickey. Seneca. Crawford. Pierce. Jefferson. Montgomery. Grand Forks. 13 Rockingham. Macon. Mecklenburg. Ward. Union 9 Gaston. Hamilton Adams. Mcintosh. Mecklenburg. Montgomery. Meigs. Dunn. Catawba. 7 Pickaway. Iredell. Warren Allen. Rutherford. Greene. Emmons. Henry. Foster. Benson. Rutherford Buncombe. Barnes. Preble 9 Erie. Clermont. Washington Clark. Morrow. Miami. Oliver. 12 Rowan Alamance. Mecklenburg. Kidder. Transylvania. Logan. Marion. Nelson. Eddy. Pembina. Towner. Union Avery. Mountrail. Mchenry. Fayette. Williams Ohio (18) 1 Butler. Darke. Sioux. Lucas. Hettinger. Huron. Ross 8 Butler. Hoke. Haywood. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District North Carolina Anson. Burke. Ransom. (13) 8 Montgomery. Shelby. Stutsman. Wyandot Ashland. Mercer. Richmond. Perry. Richland. Billings. Highland. Sheridan. Sandusky. Cass. Stark. Mercer. Franklin. Scioto. Cherokee. Burleigh. Forsyth. 11 Yancey Cabarrus. Noble. Fulton. Mitchell. Monroe. Caldwell. Divide. Cleveland. Golden Valley. Graham. Guilford. Sargent. Granville. Scioto. Slope. Hancock.

Pittsburg. Carroll. Cotton. Marshall. Lake. Crook. Nowata. Multnomah Benton. Craig. Hocking. 11 Cuyahoga. Pawnee. Wayne 17 Mahoning. Harper. Wagoner. Harmon. Grant. Blaine. Mcintosh. Seminole Oregon (5) 1 Clatsop. Josephine. Woods. Jackson. Summit. Tillamook 20 . Tulsa. Muskogee. Logan. Pontotoc. Ellis. Grady. Lincoln. Portage. Trumbull Athens. Greer. Vinton Oklahoma (5) 1 Creek. Ross. Malheur. Cherokee. Medina. Rogers. Medina. Klamath. Jefferson. Mccurtain. Belmont. Coal. Osage. Lane. Wallowa. Delaware. Creek. Curry. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Ohio 10 Cuyahoga. Rogers. Wasco. Choctaw. Sequoyah Alfalfa. Stark. Harney. Union. Bryan. Licking 13 Cuyahoga. Washington Adair. Tuscarawas. Wheeler 3 Clackamas. Washita. Licking. Custer. Coshocton. Morrow. Muskingum. Hood River. Mcclain. Ottawa. Johnston. Texas. Summit Ashtabula. Franklin. Hughes. Stephens. Sherman. Geauga. Gilliam. Okmulgee. Noble. Umatilla. Marion. Cimarron. Clackamas. Pushmataha. 3 Kingfisher. 18 Harrison. 14 Summit. 2 Lake. Caddo. Oklahoma. Josephine. Atoka. Jackson. Columbia. Kiowa. Beaver. Murray. 4 Linn Benton. Deschutes. Cleveland. Haskell. Pottawatomie. Dewey. 12 Delaware. Le Flore. Morgan. Kay. Yamhill Baker. Garfield. Cuyahoga. Union 16 Ashland. Knox. Beckham. Coos. Jackson. Washington. Holmes. Comanche. Okfuskee. Multnomah. 5 Polk. Payne. Major. Trumbull 15 Franklin. Jefferson. Carter. 2 Latimer. Love. Roger Mills. Multnomah. Canadian. Guernsey. Madison. 4 Garvin. Lorain. Portage. Mayes. Grant. Tillman 5 Oklahoma. Lincoln. Douglas. Woodward Canadian.

Juniata. Cumberland. Clearfield. Schuylkill 18 Allegheny. Butler. Westmoreland 19 Adams. Clarion. Lawrence. Wayne. Mercer. Elk. Mifflin. Indiana. Venango. Cambria. Monroe Allegheny. 12 Indiana. Montgomery 7 Chester. Clearfield. Blair. Venango. Philadelphia 14 Allegheny. Mifflin. Philadelphia Armstrong. Somerset. Fayette. York Rhode Island (2) 1 Bristol. Jefferson. Providence. Perry. Greene. Susquehanna. Cumberland. Cambria. Lancaster 17 Berks. Warren 6 Berks. Washington. Somerset Bradford. Potter. Providence 2 Kent. Crawford. Delaware. Luzerne. Northampton 16 Berks. Lebanon. Lackawanna. Tioga. Montgomery 8 Bucks. Philadelphia Bedford. Chester. Erie. Columbia. Montgomery. 4 Westmoreland Cameron. Chester. Mckean. 9 Fayette. Lycoming. Luzerne. Clinton. Forest. Sullivan. Philadelphia 2 Montgomery. Westmoreland 13 Montgomery. Wyoming 11 Carbon. Armstrong. Montgomery. Lycoming. Newport. Montour. Centre. Union. Beaver. 15 Lehigh. Huntingdon. Washington 21 . Perry. Franklin. 10 Northumberland. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Pennsylvania (19) 1 Delaware. Washington. 3 Warren Allegheny. Fulton. Mercer. Pike. Lackawanna. Butler. Dauphin. 5 Crawford. Snyder.

Codington. Colleton. Darlington. Brown. Stanley. Williamsburg South Dakota (1) Aurora. Custer. 5 Fairfield. Kingsbury. Dewey. Anderson. Charleston. Gregory. 6 Georgetown. Pennington. Georgetown. Yankton. Meade. Union. Beaufort. Marshall. Greenwood. 1 Jackson. Clarendon. Hanson. Day. Tripp. Lake. Buffalo. Edmunds. Charles Mix. Miner. Potter. Orangeburg. Mccormick. Florence. Harding. Spink. Corson. Sanborn. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District South Carolina (6) Berkeley. Marlboro. Barnwell. Kershaw. Todd. Hughes. Bon Homme. Jerauld. Union Cherokee. Beadle. Douglas. Newberry. Florence. Orangeburg. Richland. Calhoun. Brule. Calhoun. Hutchinson. Berkeley. Deuel. Faulk. Dorchester. 3 Laurens. Sumter. Sumter. Dillon. Lee. Roberts. Sully. Chesterfield. Jones. Marion. Dorchester. Aiken. Lawrence. Campbell. Hamlin. Mellette. Hyde. Bennett. Fall River. York Bamberg. Lexington. Charleston. Minnehaha. Oconee. Butte. Clark. Lyman. Pickens. Lincoln. Walworth. Allendale. Jasper. Mcpherson. Shannon. Grant. Perkins. Edgefield. Mccook. Ziebach 22 . 2 Hampton. Clay. Davison. Brookings. Turner. Spartanburg. Lee. Moody. Richland Abbeville. Hand. Haakon. Chester. Lancaster. Laurens. Saluda 4 Greenville. 1 Horry Aiken.

Marion. Crockett. Morgan. Knox. Unicoi. Smith. Perry. Roane. Sequatchie. Williamson 5 Cheatham. Loudon. Johnson. Campbell. Williamson Benton. Wilson Bedford. Lake. 6 Marshall. Meigs. Pickett. Sullivan. De Kalb. Hamilton. Wayne. Monroe. Davidson. Putnam. 7 Hardeman. Roane. Henderson. Trousdale. White. Cocke. Shelby. Lewis. Rhea. Jackson. Stewart. Macon. Fayette. Montgomery. Davidson. Fentress. Coffee. Giles. Humphreys. Jefferson. Hardin. Gibson. Hickman. Hickman. Clay. Rutherford. Carroll. Houston. Bradley. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Tennessee (9) Carter. Washington 2 Blount. Mcnairy. Mcminn. Van Buren. Hamblen. Dyer. Madison. Sevier. Sevier Anderson. Scott. Obion. Shelby. Warren. Montgomery. Tipton. Maury. Overton. 8 Lauderdale. Chester. Grundy. Moore. Hancock. 3 Jefferson. Polk. Cannon. Greene. Decatur. 4 Lincoln. Union Bledsoe. Henry. Robertson. Haywood. 1 Hawkins. Sumner. Weakley 9 Shelby 23 . Grainger. Dickson. Claiborne. Cumberland. Lawrence. Franklin. Wilson Cheatham.

Motley. Hardin. Morris. Jefferson 10 Travis Bell. Hidalgo. Robertson 6 Ellis. Walker 3 Collin. Wood Angelina. Franklin. Cooke. Gonzales. Colorado. Guadalupe. Swisher. Dallas Collin. Wharton. Freestone. Mills. Crosby. Wichita. Knox. Donley. Trinity. Clay. Lampasas. San Saba. Delta. Cass. 15 Nueces. 5 Kaufman. 14 Hays. Briscoe. Fayette. Randall. Cottle. Hutchinson. Panola. Williamson 12 Parker. Goliad. Cherokee. Grimes. Montague. Titus. 1 Nacogdoches. Nacogdoches. Galveston. Jackson. Coryell. Grayson. Orange. Red River. Gregg. Rusk. Wilson Bee. Hunt. Hill. Mclennan. Falls. Jasper. Hunt. San Augustine. Montgomery 9 Chambers. Lamb. San Patricio 16 El Paso 24 . Kleberg. Potter. Caldwell. Limestone. Johnson. Refugio. Oldham. Milam. Dickens. Bosque. Foard. Deaf Smith. Hamilton. Navarro. Hopkins. Childress. Fannin. Harris. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Texas (32) Bowie. Tarrant Archer. Wilbarger Aransas. Baylor. Camp. Leon. Victoria. Wheeler. Ochiltree. 13 Hartley. Sherman. Collingsworth. Karnes. San Jacinto. Madison. De Witt. Floyd. Polk. Harrison. Garza. Montgomery. 4 Kaufman. Liberty. Hansford. Armstrong. Brazoria. Hemphill. Houston. Lavaca. Calhoun. Rockwall. Hall. Roberts. Live Oak. King. Matagorda. Hardeman. Shelby. Lipscomb. Van Zandt Anderson. Hale. Sabine. Moore. Smith. Dallam. Brooks. Tyler. 11 Mclennan. Castro. Upshur. Gray. 2 Newton. Rains. Carson. Henderson. Bastrop. Marion. Tarrant 7 Harris 8 Harris. Lamar. Dallas.

Wise 27 Cameron. Lamb. Washington. Schleicher. Salt Lake. Brewster. Travis 22 Brazoria. 21 Hays. Erath. Duchesne. Yoakum 20 Bexar Bandera. Fort Bend. San Juan. Gillespie. Comanche. Mcculloch. Lynn. Edwards. Wayne Beaver. Bailey. Presidio. Webb. Sevier. Taylor. Mcmullen. Hidalgo. Sterling. Mason. Reagan. Burleson. Ector. Wise. Reeves. Hood. Kent. Hockley. Washington. Davis. Jim 28 Wells. 31 Waller. Uintah. Garfield. Real. Tom Green. Salt 1 Lake. Nueces. Tarrant 25 Fort Bend. Medina. Windsor 25 . Somervell. Kimble. Tooele. Harris 26 Collin. 1 Franklin. Upton. Culberson. Terry. Windham. Frio. Bastrop. Harris. Millard. Kleberg. Val Verde. Juab. Juab. Garza. Utah. Dimmit. Caledonia. Summit. Concho. Lamoille. La Salle. Coleman. Palo Pinto. 2 Iron. Stonewall. Sutton. Shackelford. Nolan. Kane. Wasatch. Throckmorton. 3 Utah Vermont (1) Addison. Coke. Bexar. Haskell. Kenedy. Denton. Uvalde. Gaines. El Paso. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Texas (32) Borden. Cache. Kinney. Zavala 24 Dallas. Pecos. Dawson. Scurry. Bexar. Kendall. Young 18 Harris Andrews. Fisher. Washington. Piute. Morgan. Midland. Rich. Daggett. Hudspeth. Duval. Jim Hogg. Stephens. Willacy Atascosa. Loving. Mitchell. Lee. Salt Lake. 23 Maverick. Sanpete. Jeff Davis. Orleans. Lubbock. Emery. Harris Bexar. Callahan. Cochran. Grand Isle. Runnels. Brazos. Crane. Eastland. Glasscock. Rutland. Menard. Comal. Weber Carbon. Essex. Starr. Grand. 17 Jones. Howard. 19 Martin. Crockett. Jack. Burnet. Irion. Winkler. Llano. Bennington. Blanco. Ward. Zapata 29 Harris 30 Dallas Austin. Williamson 32 Dallas Utah (3) Box Elder. Parmer. Chittenden. Tarrant. Brown. Orange. Kerr. Terrell.

Patrick. Hampton (City). Colonial Hghts (City). Hopewell (City). Falls Church 8 (City) Alleghany. Mecklenburg. Frederick. Radford (City) Clarke. 10 Prince William. Williamsburg (City) Accomack. Southampton. Henrico. Emporia (City). King And Queen. Isle Of Wight. Highland. Orange. Lancaster. Brunswick. Danville (City). Botetourt. Winchester 11 Fairfax. Madison. Gloucester. York. Lee. Tazewell. Roanoke. Henry. 5 Lunenburg. Craig. Pulaski. Henrico. Prince Edward. Fairfax (City) 26 . Russell. Cumberland. New Kent. Rappahannock. Norfolk 2 (City). Spotsylvania. 7 Hanover. Dickenson. Virginia Beach (City) Charles City. Fredericksbrg (City). Richmond. Hampton (City). Westmoreland. Northampton. Buena Vista (City). Greensville. Halifax. Culpeper. Lynchburg (City). Giles. Franklin (City). Dinwiddie. Roanoke (City). Wythe. Nelson. Wise. Buchanan. Bristol (City). Portsmouth (City). Smyth. Roanoke. Carroll. Fauquier. Amherst. Warren. Norton (City). Nottoway. Charlttsvlle (City). Suffolk (City) Albemarle. Bedford. Galax (City). Staunton (City). Charlotte. Chesterfield. King George. Sussex. Fairfax. Franklin. Hampton (City). Northumberland. Surry. Bedford. Petersburg (City). Rockbridge. King William. Mathews. Richmond (City) Arlington. Prince George. Floyd. Loudoun. Newport News (City). Isle Of Wight. Fluvanna. Chesterfield. Brunswick. Fairfax. Pittsylvania. Shenandoah. Harrisonburg (City). Appomattox. Prince George. Bedford (City). Alexandria (City). 3 Newport News (City). Spotsylvania. Manassas Park (City). James City. Manassas (City). Washington. 6 Covington (City). Buckingham. Powhatan. Richmond (City) Amelia. Montgomery. Louisa. Lexington (City). Augusta. Campbell. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Virginia (11) Caroline. Norfolk (City). Greene. Bland. Stafford. Covington (City). Henry. James City. Goochland. Clifton Forge (City). Fauquier. Essex. Waynesboro (City) Caroline. Salem (City). Middlesex. Bath. Martinsville (City) Alleghany. Poquoson (City). 9 Scott. Prince William. Chesapeake 4 (City). Rockingham. Page. Grayson. 1 Prince William.

Fayette. Thurston. Franklin. Jackson. Pierce. Wirt Boone. 2 Whatcom Clark. 3 Wahkiakum Adams. Marion. Tyler. Jefferson. Nicholas. Yakima Adams. Randolph. Walla Walla. Marshall. Gilmer. Raleigh. 3 Pocahontas. Grays Harbor. Upshur. Lincoln. Wayne. Taylor. Doddridge. Klickitat. Pend Oreille. Kanawha. Columbia. Mason. Calhoun. Lincoln. Chelan. San Juan. Douglas. Pleasants. Monroe. Benton. Ohio. 2 Morgan. Hampshire. Pierce 9 King. Brooke. Wetzel. Pacific. Skagit. Ferry. Mercer. Putnam. Grant. Snohomish Island. Cabell. Ritchie. Grant. Mingo. Spokane. Preston. Jefferson. Kitsap. Snohomish. Hancock. Webster. 4 Kittitas. Clay. Roane. Hardy. Harrison. Braxton. Asotin. Skamania. Thurston West Virginia (3) Barbour. Wyoming 27 . 5 Okanogan. Lewis. Mcdowell. Cowlitz. Wood Berkeley. Greenbrier. Tucker. Pendleton. Stevens. Garfield. Kitsap. 1 Monongalia. King. 6 Pierce 7 King 8 King. Whitman Clallam. Logan. Mineral. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Washington (9) 1 King. Lewis. Mason. Summers. Skamania.

7 Polk. Calumet. Washburn. Sweetwater. Converse. Green Lake. Vilas. Crawford. Vernon 4 Milwaukee Jefferson. Iowa. Park. Marquette. Trempealeau. 6 Jefferson. 5 Waukesha Adams. Douglas. Taylor. Niobrara. 2 Walworth Buffalo. Forest. Carbon. Kewaunee. Crook. Menominee. Calumet. Lincoln. 3 Monroe. Portage. Door. Manitowoc. Waushara. Clark. Jefferson. Jackson. Clark. Oneida. Sublette. Oneida. Winnebago Ashland. Richland. Rock. Green. Walworth. Pepin. La Crosse. Washakie. Juneau. Washington. Marathon. Dane. Iron. Dunn. Sheridan. Marinette. Grant. Sauk. Rusk. Outagamie. 8 Langlade. Fond Du Lac. Barron. Wood Brown. Rock. Sheboygan. Bayfield. Outagamie. Eau Claire. Lafayette. Langlade. Ozaukee. 1 Waukesha Columbia. Florence. Teton. Uinta. Platte. Milwaukee. Price. Shawano. Sauk. Campbell. Weston 28 . Big Horn. Goshen. Pierce. Exhibit 1 (Continued) State Name Congressional County (County-Like-Unit) Name (Number of CDs) District Wisconsin (8) Kenosha. Oconto. 1 Laramie. Fremont. Lincoln. Natrona. Hot Springs. Chippewa. Waupaca Wyoming (1) Albany. Racine. Dodge. Sawyer. Burnett. St Croix. Johnson. Milwaukee.

B. Therefore. Exhibit 2 shows the crosswalks between Lines of Business and NAICS codes. the federal government organizes economic information according to different classification systems. including the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). However. 29 . Exhibit 3 shows the crosswalks between Lines of Business and SIC codes. which in some cases have been elaborated to the eight-digit level by Dun & Bradstreet. This is referred to as a database “atom.” Industry Code Definitions The IFA Educational Foundation supplied a list of Lines of Business to be used in the study. Business Lines Study Database “Atoms” Information for this study is broken down by line of business. it was necessary to translate NAICS and SIC categories into Lines of Business. The lowest level of detail at which the study database was managed is business line within a geographic cell.

483113. 561700- 561790. 811400-811490 Business Services 323000-323122. 483212. 446000-446199. 561900-561990. 522390-524128. 453930 Gasoline Service Stations 447000-447190 Beverage Bottling 312110-312112. 541420- 541910. 541930. 532100-532120. 441300-441320. 525900-525990. 445000-445299. 811300-811310 Personal Services 481111. 541990-561110. 522000- 522292. 485000-485999. 488320. 483114. 339950. 532400- 541219. 448410. 541330. 722400-722410 Retail Food 311811. 610000-713990. 441100-441229. 541380-541400. 522300. 524130-525190. 722300-722330 Lodging 721000-721310 Real Estate 531000-531390 Retail Products and Services 442000-444200. 561300- 561499. 541920-541922. 488500-488991. Exhibit 2 Business Line NAICS Codes Business Format Sectors Automotive 421120-421140. 445300-445310 Non-Franchise Sectors All Non-Business Format and All NAICS categories not listed above Non-Product Distribution 30 . 541940. 487000-487990. 522298. 522320. 562000-562998 Quick Service Restaurants 722200-722213 Table/Full Service Restaurants 722100-722110. 492000- 493190. 481112. 532200-532310. 561200-561210. 422810. 448000- 453920. 483112. 541310-541320. 811200-811219. 541340- Services 541370. 483111. 481212- 482112. 484000- 484230. 561500-561599. 481211. 812000-812990 Product Distribution Sectors Automotive and Truck Dealers 421110. 453990-454319. 483211. 514200-514210. 541410. 522310.561600-561622. 522293-522294. 811100-811198 Commercial and Residential 230000-235990.

58120400-58120405. 73899905-73899906. 1799. 4953. 1781. 72190104. 1751-1752. 87480201. 5399. 5941-5949. 57310200-57310203. 73590200-73590202. 59630300-59630304. 1793- 1796. 59630200-59630207 Lodging 7011. 5983-5984. 7513-7515. 58120800-58120802. 57319901. 72199901.59630100-59630103. 73590800-73590802. 1761. 58120500-58120502. 73590000. 1711. 7542. 5211. 5431. 58129903. 4581. 7352. 5989. 76992600-76992601. Services 1611. 5461. 59639901-59639907. 7532-7539. 73890600-73890603. 76992500-76992503. 58120200-58120206. 73590700-73590706. 7221. 5813 Retail Food 47890201-47890202. 87480203 Quick Service Restaurants 58120000. 72190203-72190204.5734-5736. 5531. 5712-5714.5992- 5995. 1731. 5411. 73590100-73590103. 5611. 73890800- 73890802. 7032-7033. 57319902-57319910. 58129909. 5231. 8712-8713. 76990300-76990304. 5251. 72190100. 1741- 1743. 73599901-73599912. 7342. 72190200-72190201. 5261. 58129904. 73899948. 4785. 5311. 5632. 5441. 6531 Retail Products and Services 5087. 59630400-59630405. 6512-6519. 31 . 73590600-73590601. 72190102. 5961-5962. 1382. 58120700-58120702. 5651. 5722. 58120600- 58120602. 1541-1542. 1721. 73890200- 73890211. 7251. 73899909-73899913. 76992400-76992403 Commercial and Residential 0781-0783. 7549. 7041 Real Estate 42259902-42259903. 54210100- 54210102. 5641. 5621. 6552. 1622-1623. 7021. 4959. 58129902. 58129907.5661. 1531. 76990400-76990403. Exhibit 3 Business Line SIC Codes Business Format Sectors Automotive 5013-5015. 73590900-73590901. 76990200-76990202. 54210000. 4212-9907. 5999. 54210201-54210202. 7335. 5499. 58129901. 5932. 7378. 7519. 5451. 73599904.58129906. 1629. 1771. 58120300- 58120315. 7217. 1521-1522. 57310100-57310101.58129905 Table/Full Service Restaurants 58120100-58120117. 5699. 76991700-76991705. 7349. 5331. 5912. 73590300-73590301. 72990900-72990904. 1791. 5719. 8744.

73891104. 79991408- 79991411. 42259901. 2759. 4783. 76992002-76992003. 63119908. 79991403. 2752. 7322- 7323. 73899910- 73899912. 79991406. 76990800-76990802. 76230000. 73891304-73891312. 7353. 2732. 60999903. 4221-4222. 79990201. 73890300- 73890303. 45220000. 2761. 79990500-79990503. 3769. 6082. 3764. 7291. 79999914. 6019. 7381-7382. 73891800-73891803. 76991300- 76991303. 76239903. 76239901. 7622. 4499. 3993. 61119902-61119903. 45129901. 73899914-73899935. 73899904. 6712. 73891605. 61119906. 6792. 76992100-76992102. Exhibit 3 (Continued) Business Line SIC Codes 73899936. 7334. 61110102-61110104. 76991800-76991808. 7371. 73590500-73590506. 4011. 2791. 4741. 76999911-76999912. 73899938. 7361. 76990000. 5199. 73899907-73899908. 3721. 73891700-73891704. 7363. 73891600-73891603. 7631. 73891500-73891503. 3999. 73890400- 73890401. 2754. 7336. 4513. 73891400-73891408. 7376-7377. 42120100-42120103. 7641. 42129908-42129913. 73890900- 73890903. 4449. 78190404. 73891000-73891008. 45120000. 73590401- 73590402. 4412. 42129901-42129906. 76999901-76999909. 80999903 Business Services 2396. 6411. 76991811- 76991812. 6719. 73899954. 2789. 60990100-60990103. 73890204-73890209. 72990401. 4013. 76990700- 76990703. 73891200-73891202. 76992700-76992701. 32 . 4226. 3724. 7331. 42120400-42120402. 7319. 63219905. 4424. 79991510. 73890409- 73890412. 4213-4215. 45229901. 3728. 73890700-73890703. 76991600- 76991603. 76992000. 79991400. 76991900-76991903. 76991500-76991503. 76990100-76990108. 73890000. 7311-7313. 4491. 6541. 73891300-73891301. 7629. 76992300-76992302. 42120300-42120302. 42120200-42120202. 2782. 73891706. 67330103. 7841. 7373-7374. 73890403-73890404. 7379. 3761. 6794. 79999911. 76991000-76991002. 4432. 2796. 61539901. 76990900- 76990909. 73890305-73890311. 7338. 6371. 4731. 73891900-73891902. 60990000.

6324.79220400-79220401. 6722. 72990400. 6021- 6022. 87489901. 60999904-60999912. 6553. 4131. 76991204-76991207. 6361. 45129903. 60999902. 72990300- 72990302. 87480400-87480402. 73890500- 73890503. 79220100-79220102. 72999901-72999912. 76991400-76991402. 73891106. 7692. 6289. 61110100- 61110101. 8731-8734. 87480204. 6351. 72990200-72990203. 4729. 78190102- 78190103. 72190103. 61119907. 6221. 76990500-76990508. 79220105-79220106. 7383-7384. 76991706. 7211-7213. 72991100-72991105. 6091. 61530300- 61539904. 79220103- 79220104. 4489. 4493. 61119901. 73899901-73899903. 45220101-45220103. 72990500- 72990504. 72991200- 72991203. 4899. 8711. 7215-7216. 72190400-72190402. 67330100- 67330102. 76991200-76991202. 87489903-87489909 Personal Services 0741-0742. 7231. 78190104. 63119901- 63119907. 72990600-72990607. 73899964-73899967. 87480200. 6035-6036. 8741-8743. 61530200-61530202. 72190300-72190302. 87480300- 87480302. 7218. 7241. 73891302-73891303. 76999913-76999914. 72990800-72990802. 78190100. 6231. 73899963. 45229902-45229904. 63210100-63210102. 72990100- 72990106. 79220300- 79220307. 73899955-73899962. 4481-4482. 73890101-73890106. 7521. 61530100- 61530101. 7261. 63210200- 63210203. 76992702. 78190401. 76239904. 79220403. 72990402. 72190101. 61119904-61119905. 63219901-63219904. 61110200-61110202. 6399. 73899949. 4121. 7694. 47890301-47890302. 72991000- 72991002. 6159. 6798-6799. 6211. 4111. 76992200-76992212. 33 . 73899953. 6331. 67339901. 73890402. 63110100-63110103. 6162-6163. 73899951-73899952. 79220200-79220203. 7911. 4151. Exhibit 3 (Continued) Business Line SIC Codes 73899940-73899947. 87480202. 6061-6062. 6282. 6726. 4141- 4142. 6141. 76991100-76991103. 79220500-79220502. 72990700- 72990702. 78190105. 76999910. 6029. 4724- 4725. 87480000. 6081. 8721. 0752. 4119. 8111. 72199902.

79990800-79990804. 5561. 5551. 8249. 79991412. 5511. 8699. 8069. 79990700- 79990705. 8322. 8221- 8222. 79991404- 79991405. 8049. 79999915-79999918. 79991407. 79990100-79990103. 80990100- 80990104. 79991000-79991007. 8412. 8021. 7933. 8331.79991300- 79991306. 5571. 5271. 8051-8052. 79991200-79991205. 7996-7997. 79990900- 79990903. 7929. 7991-7993. 5921 Non-Franchise Sectors All Non-Business Format and All SIC categories not listed above Non-Product Distribution 34 . 79990400- 79990403. 8211. 80999901- 80999902. 79229901-79229904. 79990200. 8071. 8422. 79991500- 79991509. 8011. 8299. 8059. 8243-8244. 8092-8093. 79991401-79991402. 5521. 79990300-79990303. 79999901-79999910. 8031. 8082. 8351. 79991600- 79991604. 7948. 7941. 5181. 80990200-80990203. 79991100- 79991127. 80999904-80999909. 8041-8043. 5599 Gasoline Service Stations 5541 Beverage Bottling 2086. 87480101-87480102. 79990202- 79990205. 79990600-79990603. 5149. Exhibit 3 (Continued) Business Line SIC Codes 79220600-79220602. 8062- 8063. 79999912- 79999913. 8361. 87489902 Product Distribution Sectors Automotive and Truck Dealers 5012. 79991511-79991516.

Oct-Dec 2003) – D&B has information on more than 13 million business establishments in the United States. and national levels. Inc. or the country as a whole). The database indicates which establishments are franchised businesses. and county levels. Franchise Indicators None of the above databases contain information on franchising. and it includes a breakdown of franchised establishments into franchisor-owned or franchisee-owned. employment. Total employment. CBP does not indicate whether an establishment is part of a franchise system. and establishment values were obtained at the atom level from two databases: County Business Patterns and Nonemployer Statistics. D&B MarketPlace CD-Rom (Dun & Bradstreet. The information includes the number of establishments and employment at the national. State. State. 2001 projections from 2000 database) – IMPLAN is a regional input-output model that can address a wide range of impact topics in a given region (county. as well as jobs. State. State. payroll. Data about franchising were obtained from two other sources: D&B MarketPlace CD-Rom and a Survey of IFA members. differentiated by type of ownership. in additional to industry detail based on 1987 SIC codes (which D&B elaborates to the eight-digit level).S. County Business Patterns (U. and payroll broken down by industry at the national. and county levels for establishments with at least one paid employee. payroll. 35 . State. and output that exist because of franchised businesses. payroll. output. 2001) – CBP contains data on the number of establishments. Industry classifications are based on NAICS codes.. Census Bureau. Each nonemployer is assumed to have one employee-equivalent. Output values were obtained from IMPLAN at the Congressional District. and establishments.000 or more. NES does not indicate whether an establishment is part of a franchise system. 2001) – NES contains data on the number of establishments at the national. and county levels that have no paid employees and annual business receipts of $1. IMPLAN (Minnesota IMPLAN Group. and Census). Nonemployer Statistics (U.S. Nonemployers are typically self- employed individuals or partnerships operating unincorporated businesses. and is used to estimate output in franchised businesses. The model is primarily based on government data sources (BEA. Databases Key Economic Measures The key economic measures in this study are employment (jobs). Census Bureau. C. BLS.

Survey (IFA-EF. and total payroll in the franchise system as of December 31. December 2003) – The survey database contains responses to a questionnaire that the IFA Educational Foundation invited all IFA franchisor members to complete. They were further asked to identify the business line of their operation and to breakout their responses by franchisor-owned and franchisee-owned establishments. Franchisors were asked for informa tion about the number of units. The survey questionnaire is Exhibit 4. 36 . 2002. number of employees. A large franchise system is defined to be one with 500 or more operating units. Over 70 percent of large franchise systems responded. total sales. An additional group of non-members with 200 or more operating units was also invited to complete the questionnaire.

L. Option 1—(preferred) Fill in the Excel Form that is attached to the IFA Economic Impact Survey package.L. Step 2: Check the box for your system’s Primary Line of Business. Step 4: Submit the survey to PwC based on the option chosen from above.com If you do not wish to send your system’s data over the internet. please read the instructions and review the Definitions & Terminology (Attachment 2). If you do not have actual numbers. Options 1 and 2—email the survey to FranchiseSurvey@us. Option 3—send the survey to Economic Impact Survey of Franc hising PricewaterhouseCoopers. You may refer to the Word Survey Form included in this package as needed. 1301 K Street. If your system has franchises in more than one business line. NW. Suite 800W Washington. Follow these steps: Step 1: Provide the contact information for the person in charge of completing the survey. Option 3 (least preferred) Print the Word Survey Form and manually fill in your responses. please provide your best estimate. complete a separate survey for each distinct business line. and send it via regular mail to the address below.pwc. There are three options for completing and submitting the survey.P. Step 3: Provide the requested data. copy the Excel Form (Option 1) or the Word Survey Form (Option 2) to a diskette or CD. Exhibit 4 IFA Educational Foundation Economic Impact of Franchising Survey Instructions Before completing the survey. Option 2 Fill in your responses on this Word Survey Form. DC 20005-3333 37 .

video rental and sales. Exhibit 4 (Continued) IFA Educational Foundation Economic Impact of Franchising Survey Word Survey Form Step 1 —Survey Contact Information Please provide contact information for the person in charge of completing this survey. etc. party goods and services. and lawn care [] Quick Service Restaurants: fast food. snacks. [] Automotive: automotive repair. coffee. parts. hair care. travel services. all other food [] Lodging: hotels. and security services [] Personal Services: health and fitness. cleaning services.mail Address: _____________________________________________ Step 2 —Primary Line of Business Check only one box below to indicate your company’s primary line of business. and other retail [] Business Services: business services. and services [] Commercial & Residential Services: construction. maintenance. and other personal services [] Other: other lines of business not included elsewhere 38 . pet products and services. photo products and services. sports and recreation. If your company has franchises in more than one distinct line of business. Company Name: _____________________________________________ Contact Person: _____________________________________________ Title: _____________________________________________ Phone Number: _____________________________________________ E. and carryout [] Table/Full Service Restaurants [] Food Retail: beverages. restoration and repair. personnel services. printing and publishing. please complete another separate survey for each line of business. candy. campgrounds. computer products and services. [] Real Estate [] Retail Products & Services: beauty products. pizza. packaging services.

franchisee-owned.S. based) [] for the reference year b) Franchisee-owned (U. based) [] 2.S. provide us with your best estimate and check the box on the right.S.S. Gross Sales a) Company-owned (U. 39 . estimate it based on the number of employees per unit in company-owned units. a number. Payroll a) Company-owned (U.S. NOTE: If you have a company report that contains this information.S. based) [] in the U.S. Provide the following information for each unit -- (a) Ownership type—company-owned. indicate this below and provide the year end date. based) [] 4. Reference Date: [ ] 12/31/2002 [ ] Another date (please specify) Estimated? 1. or franchisor office (b) Unit ID—a unique identifier for the unit. an alphanumeric code. based) [] c) Franchisor offices: Direct sales through other distribution channels [] 3. • You may submit your answers on this form or in an Excel spreadsheet attached to this email package (Option 1).e.S. Employees a) Company-owned (U. you may provide it as a substitute. • Refer to the Definitions and Terminology (Attachment 2) • The reference date for all responses is the calendar year ending December 31. b) Franchisee-owned (U. based) [] c) Franchisor offices (U. Units open and operating a) Company-owned (U. if you do not know the actual number of employees in your franchised units.S. etc. an abbreviated name. based) [] c) Franchisor offices (U. (c) Zip Code where the unit is located (d) Gross Sales If you are using the Word Survey Form (Option 2). 2002.S. Attachment 1). o For example.. Exhibit 4 (Continued) IFA Educational Foundation Economic Impact of Franchising Survey Step 3 —Franchise System Information Please provide the information requested below. • If you are unable to provide actual numbers. i. paste your list below. attach a printed list to this form.S. based) [] for the reference year b) Franchisee-owned (U. If you are manually filling in the information on the Word Survey Form (Option 3). List all units and franchisor offices (see example. based) [] on the reference date b) Franchisee-owned (U. Please see Attachment 1 for an example of the Excel spreadsheet. o If available data is for a fiscal year. based) [] 5. based) [] on the reference date c) Franchisor offices (U.S.

006.974.790.654.197.584.36 Example for Step 3.752.662. Items 1 – 4 Indicate the reference date for your answers. Year-end 12/31/2002 Other Year-end X Specify 9/30/2002 Estimated? If so.00 for the reference year b) Franchisee-owned (US based) $ 18.195.551. Exhibit 4 (Continued) Attachment 1 Sample Excel Spreadsheet Example responses for Step 3.987.00 40 .44 for the reference year b) Franchisee-owned (US based) $ 6. Employees a) Company-owned (US based) 261 on the reference date b) Franchisee-owned (US based) 462 x c) Franchisor offices (US based) 99 4. Item 5: Unit Listing Zip Code of Ownership Type Unit ID Unit Location Unit Gross Sales Franchisor Office 01 20002 $ 1.225.019.203.56 x c) Franchisor Offices direct sales through other distribution channels $ 2.98 x c) Franchisor offices (US based) $ 4. place an X here. Gross Sales a) Company-owned (US based) $ 10.00 Company Owned C12 16667 $ 234.00 Franchisee-owned F53 20017 $ 1.697. 1.000.587.36 Compny Owned C11 13326 $ 765.80 3.530. Payroll a) Company-owned (US based) $ 3.00 Franchisee-owned F52 13467 $ 123.409.00 Franchisee-owned F51 13345 $ 562.430. Units open and operating a) Company-owned (US based) 25 on the reference date 41 x b) Franchisee-owned (US based) c) Franchisor offices (US based) 4 2.

Include only units in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.S. service providers.” Does not include: • Outside consultants. based franchised units. franchises (eg.time and part-time individuals • Individuals that work at franchisor offices • If no additional individuals work for the franchise. Gross Sales—Franchisor Office Direct Sales through Other Distribution Channels: Franchisor sales not conducted by a company. at which business is conducted. Exhibit 4 (Continued) Attachment 2 Definitions & Terminology Unit : An establishment—a single physical location. Employee: An individual who receives a salary or wage for work at a company or franchisee- owned. • Royalties and advertising fees received from U. Includes: • Salaries and wages • Reported tips • Commissions and bonuses • Vacation and sick leave pay • Employee contributions to FICA and pension plans • The value of taxable fringe benefits • Amounts paid to franchisor officers and executives 41 . and real estate income • All revenue from non-U. sales of new franchises.-based franchised units.. This includes: • Direct sales to final customers by franchisor (eg. Gross Sales—Company. unit.S. master license agreements) paid back to U. Include both franchisee-owned and company-owned units. and independent contractors Payroll: All forms of employee compensation. Internet sales) • Franchise fees. regardless of the number of franchise brands. Does not include: • Sales of products and services to U. the employee count should equal “one.S. or services are performed.. products are sold.. or a company office.or franchisee-owned unit. operations.or Franchisee-owned units : All receipts from the sale of goods or services to final consumers by units located within one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia. Includes: • Full.S.

A total across all the atoms with respect to an economic variable was the CBP national total for that variable. When an exact total was not known for a cell. no. we had establishment. At the State level. establishment. we used a two- stage raking methodology to develop atom. 209-219. After the raking process was finished. employment. the column totals did not match the CBP national establishment counts for businesses in the 13 business lines. employment. 42 . an element value at the intersection of a row and a column is the total number of establishments for a State (row) and a business line (column). a “national” level matrix was set up with 51 rows representing the States and the District of Columbia and 13 columns representing the Lines of Business. A similar process was then conducted for each State. and payroll values are complete. i. Estimation Methods Data Preparation County Business Patterns – The objective is to drive CBP establishment. Survey Methodology. A standard “raking” algorithm 1 was used to adjust the cell values so that both column and row totals matched the corresponding CBP business line and State establishment totals. and the column-row intersections are the State atoms. 1 Oh. To overcome these problems.e. employment and payroll data down to the atomic level. the midpoint of the range of values provided in the CBP database was used to determine an initial starting value. employment. 13. First. Similarly the row totals did not match the CBP State counts of establishments. Raking was performed so that the rows totalled to the CBP number of establishments within each State geographic cell and the columns totalled to the number of establishments within each business line in the State.level values of establishments. The State-business line establishment values are obtained from the first round of raking. Modified Raking Ratio Estimation. and Scheuren. establishment. by business line within geographic cell. and payroll values for each atom in every State. And at the atom level some information is suppressed due to federal concerns over disclosure. At the national level. (1987). employment and payroll. L. but not by business line. The total of atom values within a business line equalled the CBP national business line total. F. the columns are business lines within the State. vol. The following is a summary of the methodology as applied to the establishment data. and the total of atom values within a State equalled the CBP total for the State. Because all the element values were not exactly specified. pp. the rows of the matrix are the geographic cells of a State. and payroll values are complete within business lines. Thus. An analogous process was applied to the employment and payroll data. H. D. In this case. 2.

The government establishment value within all atoms of a business line is the independent variable. IFA-EF Survey Responses – The Survey response data were checked for consistency and quality of the information. no government information was found. Once this process is completed we have D&B establishment counts and franchised establishment counts for every atom in every State.level employee-equivalent count was set to the same value as the atom.level number of establishments. D&B MarketPlace CD-ROM – D&B establishment and employment data were broken down by atom. in that it lists about 13 million establishments while the government databases account for over 24 million establishments. A similar process was used to impute missing D&B employment values. Most respondents provided actual values for only the number of franchisor.level counts of nonemployer establishments. employment and payroll values for each atom in each State. A second set of business line regression models was used to impute franchised establishment counts into atoms where D&B values were missing. To “fill. The atom. employment.Nonemployer Statistics – NES establishment values were broken down by atom.level payroll- equivalent for nonemployers was determined by multiplying the atom employee- equivalent value by the CBP payroll per employee for the same atom. and sales 43 . D&B is only a partial listing of business establishments in the U. The “fitted” regression model of a business line is used to impute a D&B establishment value into atoms of the business line where this information is missing. payroll. For these regressions.level values based on government data (“government” values). Therefore the atom. the D&B establishment value was used as the independent variable.and franchisee-owned units. “Government” Values – The CBP and NES atom. However. employment. This information was merged with the government values. and the establishment. For a few atoms. Each nonemployer was assumed to have one employee-equivalent. The employment. and the D&B franchised establishment value was the dependent variable. we had establishment. After this process was completed. an atom has a government count of establishments but no D&B establishment count. and payroll values were added together to obtain atom. A raking process similar to the one used on the CBP data was used to determine atom.in” the D&B establishment counts for atoms where the government databases show establishments exist.S. and the D&B establishment value is the dependent variable.level establishment. a regression model is fit to the data within each business line. and payroll values were set to zero. In many instances.

Corresponding D&B Data – D&B information on each Survey respondent (“Corresponding D&B data”) was extracted. Because we have combined many industry classification codes together to form the business lines. Adjusted D&B Franchised Establishments – The IFA-EF Survey data were used to adjust the D&B franchised establishment counts.values were generally estimated. 44 . Additionally. The Survey relates to 10 Lines of Business in which business format franchising is found. We extracted the total (franchise and non-franchise) 2000 output values for each State. the follow steps are taken. franchised establishment. The franchised establishment. and franchisee-owned establishment values were aggregated within business lines without regard to geographic location. For each Line of Business the adjusted D&B establishment count is the D&B establishment count multiplied by the ratio of the Survey establishment count to the Corresponding D&B establishment count. These comparisons led us to conclude that the best use of the Survey data was to compare the unit counts from all properly completed surveys with D&B establishment counts for the same respondents. 1. many respondents did not supply a geographic breakdown of the establishments. In preparation for the comparisons. franchisor- owned establishment. IMPLAN – The model database contains output data for the year 2000 along with growth rates. Direct Economic Impact Estimates Estimates of the economic activity occurring in franchised businesses were computed for the 13 Lines of Business. For business format Lines of Business. The data from respondents who were able to provide the complete details that were asked for in the Survey was used to perform diagnostic comparisons with D&B data. franchisor-owned establishment. We assumed that the number of franchise systems in all other business sectors is zero. it was not possible to breakdown the output values by Lines of Business. and multiplied the values by the appropriate growth rate to obtain 2001 total output. and franchisee-owned establishment information was organized by the 10 business format Lines of Business so that it was comparable to the Survey data. We were able to construct a way to determine the total output for the two franchising models : Business Format and Product Distribution. as well as each Congressional District.

45 .adjusted D&B establishment count. No breakout between franchisor. 2 Release December 15. We decided that the proper remedy for the circumstance was to apply the percentages of franchisor. Franchised business within these Lines of Business were not surveyed. the number of franchised establishments for the Quick Service Restaurant.and franchisee-owned establishments from the 1997 Economic Census as this is the best information available. The adjusted D&B number of franchisor. so we used the ratio of Survey establishment counts to the Corresponding D&B establishment counts across all business format Lines of Bus iness as the adjustment factor. For product distribution Lines of Business. The adjusted D&B establishment count is the atom’s D&B franchise count multiplied by the adjustment factor. but the values for each business line separately were not consistent. The atom’s adjusted D&B establishment count is the sum of the franchisor. Census Bureau contains information on the number of franchisor.and franchisee-owned establishments is considered. 4. The Accommodation & Foodservices—Subject Series2 from the 1997 Economic Census of the U. the adjusted D&B franchisor (franchisee)-owned establishment count is the atom’s Line of Business adjusted D&B franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishment count from step (3) multiplied by the atom’s proportion of D&B franchised establishments for the business line. 2000. and the Automotive and Truck Dealer Lines of Business were calculated differently. An examination of the Corresponding D&B data revealed that D&B occasionally assigned a full service restaurant SIC code to a quick service restaurant. However. so they are applied at the State level within the two restaurant business lines.S. These percentages are available by State. the estimated number of franchisor (franchisee)-owned establishments within an atom is the adjusted D&B establishment count multiplied by the atom’s ratio of the government employee number to the D&B employee number. The estimated number of franchised establishments is the sum of the franchisor. For each atom.and franchisee-owned establishments. 3. 2.and franchisee-owned full service and limited service restaurants. Franchised Establishments – In general. and visa versa. Table/Full Service Restaurant. a modified version of the above procedure is used. Our estimates for the combination of the Quick Service and Full Service business lines using the method described above were consistent with the 1997 Economic Census number (considering growth from 1997 to 2001).and franchisee.and franchisee-owned establishments for each business format business line is determined using a raking procedure. The D&B adjusted franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishment count is the total number of D&B franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishments multiplied by the ratio of the Survey franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishment count to the Corresponding D&B franchisor(franchisee)-owned establishment count.

and Congressional District level within business line category. The model calculated direct franchising output based on average output-per-worker ratios at the national. Output – The direct output of franchise businesses was obtained by entering the estimates of franchise employment into the IMPLAN model. Therefore. State. Accordingly. and are not included in a region’s indirect calculation. adding Congressional District direct or indirect effects would result in overcounting at the State level.and franchisee- owned establishments. the indirect effects as tentatively calculated State by State do not add up to the overall indirect effect calculated for the United States. No additional adjustment is needed for this establishment count. But this could not be done for the Congressional Districts within a State because they may overlap. Some indirect effects cross geographic boundaries. and that a fraction of the remaining businesses—such as used car dealers and RV dealers—were franchised. Payroll – The payroll of franchised establishments was computed within each atom by multiplying the estimated number of franchisor/franchisee employees by the atom government payroll per employee ratio. the number of employees in franchising was computed within each atom by multiplying the government employee value by the atom ratio of the D&B adjusted number of franchised establishments to the D&B number of establishments. payroll and output that results because of franchised businesses based on input-output tables. Employment – Except for the two restaurant business lines and the Automotive and Truck Dealer business line. franchisee-owned business format franchises. Indirect Economic Impact Estimates The IMPLAN model calculates the employment. To correct this. Therefore. we assumed that all new car dealers were product distribution franchised businesses. 46 .The method for determining the number of franchised businesses in the Automotive and Truck Dealer business line was based on information from industry sources. We adjusted the model results so that only the indirect effects on non- franchised businesses are reported. cross-State indirect effects were allocated to States proportional to each State’s indirect effects. and product distribution franchises. The franchise employment calculations for the three business line exceptions were done in a similar way to the franchise establishment calculation. The total franchising payroll equals the sum of payroll for franchisor. These calculations are done separately within each geographic region for franchisor-owned business format franchises.and franchisee-owned establishments. The total number of employees in franchising equals the sum of employees at franchisor.