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ThinkPad® T61

Service and Troubleshooting Guide


ThinkPad® T61
Service and Troubleshooting Guide
Note
Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read the following:
v Safety and Warranty Guide included in the package with this publication.
v Wireless related information in online Access Help and Appendix D, “Notices,” on page 63.
v Regulatory Notice included in the package with this publication.

Second Edition (April 2007)


© Copyright Lenovo 2007. All rights reserved.
U.S. GOVERNMENT USERS – RESTRICTED RIGHTS: Our products and/or services are provided with RESTRICTED
RIGHTS. Use, duplication or disclosure by the Government is subject to the GSA ADP Schedule contract with
Lenovo, if any, or the standard terms of this commercial license, or if the agency is unable to accept this
Program under these terms, then we provide this Program under the provisions set forth in Commercial Computer
Software–Restricted Rights at FAR 52.227-19, when applicable, or under Rights in Data-General, FAR 52.227.14
(Alternate III).
Contents
Read this first . . . . . . . . . . . v Restoring factory contents . . . . . . . 29
Recovering data. . . . . . . . . . . 30
Chapter 1. Finding information . . . . . 1
This guide and other publications . . . . . 1 Chapter 5. Upgrading and replacing
Finding information with the ThinkVantage devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Replacing the battery . . . . . . . . . 31
Upgrading the hard disk drive . . . . . . 33
Chapter 2. Taking care of your ThinkPad Replacing memory . . . . . . . . . . 37
computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Important tips. . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chapter 6. Getting help and service . . . 45
Be careful about where and how you work 3 Getting help and service . . . . . . . . 45
Be gentle with your computer . . . . . 4 Getting help on the Web . . . . . . . . 45
Carry your computer properly . . . . . 4 Calling the Customer Support Center . . . 45
Handle storage media and drives properly 5 Getting help around the world . . . . . . 47
Take care in setting passwords . . . . . 5 Worldwide telephone list. . . . . . . . 47
Other important tips . . . . . . . . 5
Cleaning the cover of your computer . . . 6 Appendix A. Warranty information . . . . 53
Cleaning your computer keyboard . . . . 6 Types of warranty service . . . . . . . 54
Cleaning your computer display . . . . 7
Care for the fingerprint reader . . . . . 7 Appendix B. Customer Replaceable Units
(CRUs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Chapter 3. Solving computer problems . . 9
Frequently asked questions . . . . . . . 10 Appendix C. Features and Specifications 59
Diagnosing problems . . . . . . . . . 11 Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
HDD diagnostic program . . . . . . 11 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Diagnosing problems using PC-Doctor
from the service partition . . . . . . 12 Appendix D. Notices. . . . . . . . . 63
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Notices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Error messages . . . . . . . . . . 13 Electronic emissions notices . . . . . . . 64
Errors without messages . . . . . . . 18 Federal Communications Commission
Password problems . . . . . . . . 19 (FCC) Statement . . . . . . . . . 64
Keyboard problems . . . . . . . . 19 Industry Canada Class B emission
Pointing device problems . . . . . . 20 compliance statement . . . . . . . . 65
Sleep (standby) or hibernation problems 20 Avis de conformité à la réglementation
Computer screen problems . . . . . . 21 d’Industrie Canada. . . . . . . . . 65
Battery problems . . . . . . . . . 24 European Union EMC Directive
Hard disk drive problems . . . . . . 25 conformance statement . . . . . . . 65
Fingerprint authentication problems . . . 26 Japanese VCCI Class B statement . . . . 66
Startup problems . . . . . . . . . 26 EU WEEE Statements . . . . . . . . . 66
Other problems . . . . . . . . . . 27 Notice for users in the U.S.A. . . . . . . 66
Starting BIOS Setup Utility . . . . . . . 27 IBM Lotus Software Offer . . . . . . . 67
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Chapter 4. Recovery options . . . . . . 29
Introducing Rescue and Recovery . . . . . 29 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 iii


iv ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide
Read this first

When your computer is turned on or the battery is


charging, the base, the palm rest, and some other
parts may become hot. Avoid keeping your hands,
your lap, or any other part of your body in contact
with a hot section of the computer for any extended
length of time. When you use the keyboard, avoid
keeping your palms on the palm rest for a
prolonged period of time.
Your computer generates some heat during normal
operation. The amount of heat depends on the
amount of system activity and the battery charge
level. Extended contact with your body, even
through clothing, could cause discomfort or even a
skin burn. Periodically take breaks from using the
keyboard by lifting your hands from the palm rest;
and be careful not to use the keyboard for any
extended length of time.

When the ac adapter is connected to an electrical


outlet and your computer, it generates heat. Do not
place the adapter in contact with any part of your
body while using it. Never use the ac adapter to
warm your body. Extended contact with your body,
even through clothing, may cause a skin burn.

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 v


Read this first

Route the cables of an ac adapter, a mouse, a


keyboard, a printer, or any other electronic device,
or communication lines, so that they cannot be
walked on, tripped over, pinched by your computer
or other objects, or in any way subjected to
treatment that could disturb the operation of your
computer. Applying strong force to the cables may
damage or break them.

Before moving your computer, do one of the


following: turn it off, press Fn+F4 to put it in sleep
(standby) mode, or press Fn+F12 to put it in
hibernation mode.
Before moving the computer, make sure that the
power on indicator is off. This will help to prevent
damage to the hard disk drive, and possible loss of
data.

Do not drop, bump, scratch, twist, hit, vibrate, push


or place heavy objects on your computer, display, or
external devices.

vi ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Read this first

Use a quality carrying case that provides adequate


cushion and protection. Do not pack your computer
in a tightly packed suitcase or bag.

Place liquids away from your computer to avoid


spills, and keep your computer away from water to
avoid the danger of electrical shock.

Read this first vii


Read this first

viii ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Chapter 1. Finding information

This guide and other publications


Setup Instructions
helps you to unpack your ThinkPad computer and get started. It
includes a few tips for first-time users, and introduces software
preinstalled by Lenovo.
This Service and Troubleshooting Guide
provides information about caring for your ThinkPad computer, basic
troubleshooting information, some recovery procedures, help and
service information, and warranty information for your computer. The
troubleshooting information in this Guide applies only to problems
that might prevent you from accessing the comprehensive online
manual, called Access Help, preinstalled on your ThinkPad computer.
Access Help
is a comprehensive online manual that provides answers to most of
your questions about your computer, helps you to configure
preloaded features and tools, or solve problems. To open Access Help,
do either of the following:
v Press the ThinkVantage® button. Under Quick Links in the
Productivity Center, click Access on-system help.
v Click Start, move the pointer to All Programs (in Windows® 2000,
Programs); then to ThinkVantage. Click Access Help.
Productivity Center
provides an easy access to software tools and key Lenovo sites,
eliminating the need to carry other reference manuals around. To open
Productivity Center, press the blue ThinkVantage button on your
keyboard. For more information about using the ThinkVantage button,
see“Finding information with the ThinkVantage button” on page 2.
Safety and Warranty Guide
includes general safety instructions and complete Lenovo Limited
Warranty.
Regulatory Notice
supplements this Guide. Read it before you use the wireless features
of your ThinkPad computer. The ThinkPad computer complies with
the radio frequency and safety standards of any country or region in
which it has been approved for wireless use. You are requested to
install and use your ThinkPad computer in strict accordance with the
local RF regulations.

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 1


Finding information

Finding information with the ThinkVantage button

The blue ThinkVantage button can help you in many situations when your
computer is working normally, and even when it is not. Press the
ThinkVantage button to open the Productivity Center and get access to
informative illustrations and easy-to-follow instructions for getting started and
staying productive.

You can also use the ThinkVantage button to interrupt the startup sequence of
your computer and start the Rescue and Recovery™ workspace, which runs
independently of the Windows operating system and is hidden from it.

2 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Chapter 2. Taking care of your ThinkPad computer
Though your computer is designed to function reliably in normal work
environments, you need to use common sense in handling it. By following
these important tips, you will get the most use and enjoyment out of your
computer.

Important tips
Be careful about where and how you work
v When your computer is turned on or the battery is charging, the base, the
palm rest, and some other parts may become hot. Avoid keeping your
hands, your lap, or any other part of your body in contact with a hot
section of the computer for any extended length of time. When you use the
keyboard, avoid keeping your palms on the palm rest for a prolonged
period of time.
Your computer generates some heat during normal operation. The amount
of heat depends on the amount of system activity and the battery charge
level. Extended contact with your body, even through clothing, could cause
discomfort or even a skin burn. Periodically take breaks from using the
keyboard by lifting your hands from the palm rest; and be careful not to
use the keyboard for any extended length of time.
v When the ac adapter is connected to an electrical outlet and your computer,
it generates heat. Do not place the adapter in contact with any part of your
body while using it. Never use the ac adapter to warm your body.
Extended contact with your body, even through clothing, may cause a skin
burn.
v Route the cables of an ac adapter, a mouse, a keyboard, a printer, or any
other electronic device, or communication lines, so that they cannot be
walked on, tripped over, pinched by your machine or other objects, or in
any way subjected to treatment that could disturb the operation of your
computer. Applying strong force to the cables may damage or break them.
v Place liquids away from your computer to avoid spills, and keep your
computer away from water (to avoid the danger of electrical shock).
v Store packing materials safely out of the reach of children to prevent the
risk of suffocation from plastic bags.
v Keep your computer away from magnets, activated cellular phones,
electrical appliances, or speakers (within 13 cm or 5 in).
v Avoid subjecting your computer to extreme temperatures (below 5°C/41°F
or above 35°C/95°F).

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 3


Taking care of your ThinkPad computer

v Some appliances, such as certain portable desktop fans or air purifiers, can
produce negative ions. If a computer is close to such an appliance, and is
exposed for an extended time to air containing negative ions, it may
become electrostatically charged. Such a charge may be discharged through
your hands when you touch the keyboard or other parts of the computer,
or through connectors on I/O devices connected to it. Even though this
kind of electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the opposite of a discharge from
your body or clothing to the computer, it poses the same risk of a computer
malfunction.
Your computer is designed and manufactured to minimize any effects of
electrostatic charge. An electrostatic charge above a certain limit, however,
can increase the risk of ESD. Therefore, when using the computer close to
an appliance that can produce negative ions, give special attention to the
following:
– Avoid directly exposing your computer to the air from an appliance that
can produce negative ions.
– Keep your computer and peripherals as far as possible from such an
appliance.
– Wherever possible, ground your computer to facilitate safe electrostatic
discharge.

Note: Not all such appliances cause a significant electrostatic charge.


Be gentle with your computer
v Avoid placing any objects (including paper) between the display and the
keyboard or under the keyboard.
v Do not drop, bump, scratch, twist, hit, vibrate, push, or place heavy objects
on your computer, display, or external devices.
v Your computer display is designed to be opened and used at an angle
slightly greater than 90 degrees. Do not open the display beyond 180
degrees, as this might damage the computer hinge.
Carry your computer properly
v Before moving your computer, be sure to remove any media, turn off
attached devices, and disconnect cords and cables.
v Be sure your computer is in sleep (standby) or hibernation mode, or turned
off, before moving it. This will prevent damage to the hard disk drive and
data loss.
v When picking up your open computer, hold it by the bottom. Do not pick
up or hold your computer by the display.
v Use a quality carrying case that provides adequate cushion and protection.
Do not pack your computer in a tightly packed suitcase or bag.

4 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Taking care of your ThinkPad computer

Handle storage media and drives properly


v If your computer comes with a diskette drive, avoid inserting diskettes at
an angle and attaching multiple or loose diskette labels, as these can lodge
in the drive.
v If your computer comes with an optical drive, do not touch the surface of a
disc or the lens on the tray.
v Wait until you hear the CD or DVD click into the center pivot of an optical
drive before closing the tray.
v When installing your hard disk, diskette or optical drive, follow the
instructions shipped with your hardware, and apply pressure only where
needed on the device.
Take care in setting passwords
v Remember your passwords. If you forget a supervisor or hard disk
password, Lenovo authorized service provider will not reset it, and you
might have to replace your system board or hard disk drive.
Other important tips
v Your computer modem might use only an analog telephone network, or
public-switched telephone network (PSTN). Do not connect the modem to a
PBX (private branch exchange) or any other digital telephone extension line
because this could damage your modem. Analog phone lines are often used
in homes, while digital phone lines are often used in hotels or office
buildings. If you are not sure which kind of phone line you are using,
contact your telephone company.
v Your computer might have both an Ethernet connector and a modem
connector. If so, be sure to connect your communication cable to the correct
one, so your connector is not damaged.
v Register your ThinkPad products with Lenovo (visit the following Web site:
http://www.lenovo.com/register). This can help authorities return your
computer to you if it is lost or stolen. Registering your computer also
enables Lenovo to notify you about possible technical information and
upgrades.
v Only an authorized ThinkPad repair technician should disassemble and
repair your computer.
v Do not modify or tape the latches to keep the display open or closed.
v Take care not to turn your computer over while the ac adapter is plugged
in. This could break the adapter plug.
v Turn off your computer if you are replacing a device in a device bay, or else
verify that the device is warm- or hot-swappable.
v If you exchange drives in your computer, reinstall the plastic bezel faces (if
supplied).

Chapter 2. Taking care of your ThinkPad computer 5


Taking care of your ThinkPad computer

v Store your external and removable hard disk, diskette or optical drives in
the appropriate containers or packaging when they are not being used.
v Before you install any of the following devices, touch a metal table or a
grounded metal object. This action reduces any static electricity from your
body. The static electricity could damage the device.
– PC Card
– ExpressCard
– Smart Card
– Memory Card, such as xD-Picture Card, SD Card, Memory Stick, and
MultiMediaCard
– Memory module
– PCI Express Mini Card
– Communication Daughter Card
v When transferring data to or from a Flash Media Card, such as an SD card,
do not put your computer in sleep (standby) or hibernation mode before
the data transfer is complete. To do so might cause damage to your data.
Cleaning the cover of your computer
Occasionally clean your computer as follows:
1. Prepare a mixture of a gentle kitchen-use detergent (one that does not
contain abrasive powder or strong chemicals such as acid or alkaline). Use
5 parts water to 1 part detergent.
2. Absorb the diluted detergent into a sponge.
3. Squeeze excess liquid from the sponge.
4. Wipe the cover with the sponge, using a circular motion and taking care
not to let any excess liquid drip.
5. Wipe the surface to remove the detergent.
6. Rinse the sponge with clean running water.
7. Wipe the cover with the clean sponge.
8. Wipe the surface again with a dry, soft lint-free cloth.
9. Wait for the surface to dry completely and remove any cloth fibers from
the computer surface.
Cleaning your computer keyboard
1. Absorb some isopropyl rubbing alcohol on a soft, dust-free cloth.
2. Wipe each keytop surface with the cloth. Wipe the keys one by one; if you
wipe several keys at a time, the cloth may hook onto an adjacent key and
possibly damage it. Make sure that no liquid drips onto or between the
keys.
3. Allow to dry.
4. To remove any crumbs and dust from beneath the keys, you can use a
camera blower with a brush or cool air from a hair dryer.

6 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Taking care of your ThinkPad computer

Note: Avoid spraying cleaner directly on the display or the keyboard.


Cleaning your computer display
1. Gently wipe the display with a dry, soft lint-free cloth. If you see a
scratch-like mark on your display, it might be a stain transferred from the
keyboard or the TrackPoint® pointing stick when the cover was pressed
from the outside.
2. Wipe or dust the stain gently with a soft, dry cloth.
3. If the stain remains, moisten a soft, lint-free cloth with water or a 50-50
mixture of isopropyl alcohol and water that does not contain impurities.
4. Wring out as much of the liquid as you can.
5. Wipe the display again; do not let any liquid drip into the computer.
6. Be sure to dry the display before closing it.
Care for the fingerprint reader
The following actions could damage the fingerprint reader or cause it not to
work properly:
v Scratching the surface of the reader with a hard, pointed object.
v Scraping the surface of the reader with your nail or anything hard.
v Using or touching the reader with a dirty finger.

If you notice any of the following conditions, gently clean the surface of the
reader with a dry, soft, lint-free cloth:
v The surface of the reader is dirty or stained.
v The surface of the reader is wet.
v The reader often fails to enroll or authenticate your fingerprint.

Chapter 2. Taking care of your ThinkPad computer 7


Taking care of your ThinkPad computer

8 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Chapter 3. Solving computer problems
Frequently asked questions . . . . . . . 10 Pointing device problems . . . . . . 20
Diagnosing problems . . . . . . . . . 11 Sleep (standby) or hibernation problems 20
HDD diagnostic program . . . . . . 11 Computer screen problems . . . . . . 21
Diagnosing problems using PC-Doctor Battery problems . . . . . . . . . 24
from the service partition . . . . . . 12 Hard disk drive problems . . . . . . 25
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Fingerprint authentication problems . . . 26
Error messages . . . . . . . . . . 13 Startup problems . . . . . . . . . 26
Errors without messages . . . . . . . 18 Other problems . . . . . . . . . . 27
Password problems . . . . . . . . 19 Starting BIOS Setup Utility . . . . . . . 27
Keyboard problems . . . . . . . . 19

Note: See Access Help if your system is running and Access Help is accessible. This chapter presents
information for use when Access Help is inaccessible.

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 9


Solving computer problems

Frequently asked questions


This section lists frequently asked questions and tells where you can find
detailed answers. For details about each publication included in the package
with the ThinkPad computer, see “This guide and other publications” on page
1.
What safety precautions should I follow when using my ThinkPad
computer?
See the separate Safety and Warranty Guide for detailed information
about safety.

How can I prevent problems with my ThinkPad computer?


See “Read this first” on page v, and also Chapter 2, “Taking care of
your ThinkPad computer,” on page 3 of this Guide. More tips can be
found in the following sections of Access Help:
v Preventing problems
v Troubleshooting

What are the main hardware features of my new ThinkPad computer?


See the “ThinkPad tour” section of Access Help.

Where can I find the detailed specifications for my machine?


See http://www.lenovo.com/think/support.

I need to upgrade a device or I need to replace one of the following: the


hard disk drive, the PCI Express Mini Card, the Modem Daughter Card,
memory, the keyboard, or the palm rest.
See the Appendix B, “Customer Replaceable Units (CRUs),” on page
57 of this Guide for the list of Customer Replaceable Units and the
location of the instructions for removing or replacing components.
My computer is not operating properly.
Study the “Problem solving” section of Access Help. This Guide
describes only problems that might prevent you from accessing the
online help system.

Where are the recovery discs?


Your computer did not come with a recovery disc or Windows disc.
For an explanation of the alternative recovery methods offered by
Lenovo, see “Restoring factory contents” on page 29 of this Guide.

10 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Solving computer problems

How can I contact the Customer Support Center?


See Chapter 6, “Getting help and service,” on page 45 of this Guide.
For the phone numbers of the Customer Support Center nearest to
you, see “Worldwide telephone list” on page 47.

Where can I find warranty information?


See the separate Safety and Warranty Guide for detailed warranty
information. For the warranty applicable to your computer, including
the warranty period and type of warranty service, see Appendix A,
“Warranty information,” on page 53.

How can I install a new operating system?


See the Advanced configuration section in online Access Help.

Diagnosing problems
If you have a problem with your computer, you can test it by using
PC-Doctor® for Windows. To run PC-Doctor for Windows, do as follows:
1. Click Start.
2. Move the pointer to All Programs (in Windows 2000, Programs) and then
to PC-Doctor for Windows.
3. Click PC-Doctor.

For more information about PC-Doctor for Windows, see the Help for the
program.

Attention
Running any tests can take up to several minutes or longer. Make sure
you have time to run the entire test; do not interrupt the test while it is
running.

When preparing to contact the Customer Support Center, be sure to print the
test log so that you can rapidly provide information to the help technician.
HDD diagnostic program
If your hard disk drive is not operating properly, you may be able to find the
problem by running the HDD diagnostic program in the BIOS Setup Utility.

To start the diagnostic program, do as follows:


1. If the diskette drive is connected to the computer, remove any diskette
from the diskette drive, and then turn off the computer.
2. Turn on the computer.

Chapter 3. Solving computer problems 11


Solving computer problems

3. While the message, “To interrupt normal startup, press the blue
ThinkVantage button,” is displayed at the lower left of the screen, press F1
to enter BIOS Setup Utility.
4. Using cursor keys, select HDD diagnostic program and press Enter. The
menu for the HDD diagnostic program opens.
5. Using cursor keys, select Main hard disk drive or Ultrabay hard disk
drive. Press Enter to start the diagnostic program. The HDD diagnostic
program runs a read verification test and a speed test of the drive you
select, and reports its findings.

Note: If you dock your computer in the ThinkPad Advanced Dock, the
diagnostic program cannot test the hard disk drive that is installed
in the Ultrabay Enhanced™ of the ThinkPad Advanced Dock.
6. If the diagnostic program returns any error messages, call the Customer
Support Center for service. The diagnostic program may return one of the
following error messages:
For the main hard disk drive:
v Error code 0000: Read verification failed
v Error code 0100: Speed test failed
v Error code 0200: Controller Diag failed
For the Ultrabay™ hard disk drive:
v Error code 0002: Read verification failed
v Error code 0102: Speed test failed
v Error code 0202: Controller Diag failed
7. If the diagnostic program returns no error message but you still have some
concerns, see the instructions in the "Introducing Rescue and Recovery"
section in online Access Help, and run the program for a diagnostic test of
the hard disk drive. You can also download PC-Doctor for DOS for your
computer from the following Web site:
http://www.lenovo.com/support/site.wss/document.do?sitestyle=lenovo
&lndocid=tpad-matrix
Diagnosing problems using PC-Doctor from the service partition
By using PC-Doctor from the Rescue and Recovery workspace in the service
partition of the hard disk drive, you can diagnose your system without
starting up the operating system. Do as follows:
1. If the diskette drive is connected to the computer, remove any diskette
from the diskette drive, and then turn off the computer.
2. Turn on the computer.

12 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Solving computer problems

3. While the message, “To interrupt normal startup, press the blue
ThinkVantage button,” is displayed at the lower left of the screen, press
the blue ThinkVantage button to enter the Rescue and Recovery
workspace.
4. Select Diagnose hardware. The computer restarts and PC-Doctor starts up.

For more information about PC-Doctor, press F1 to go to the Help or online


manual for the program.

Troubleshooting
If you do not find your problem here, see Access Help. The following section
only describes problems that might prevent you from accessing this help
system.
Error messages
Notes:
1. In the charts, x can be any character.
2. The version of PC-Doctor referred to here is PC-Doctor for Windows.

Message Solution
0176: System This message is displayed if you remove the Security Chip and
Security - The reinstall it, or install a new one. To clear the error, enter the
System has been BIOS Setup Utility. If this does not solve the problem, have the
tampered with. computer serviced.
0182: Bad CRC2. Checksum of the CRC2 setting in the EEPROM is not correct.
Enter BIOS Setup Press F1 to go to BIOS Setup Utility. Press F9 and then Enter to
and load Setup load the default setting. Press F10 and then Enter to restart the
defaults. system.
0185: Bad startup Checksum of the startup sequence setting in the EEPROM is
sequence settings. not correct. Press F1 to go to BIOS Setup Utility. Press F9 and
Enter BIOS Setup then Enter to load the default setting. Press F10 and then Enter
and load Setup to restart the system.
defaults.
0190: Critical The computer turned off, because the battery is low. Connect
low-battery error the ac adapter to the computer and charge the battery, or
replace the battery with a fully charged one.
0191: System The system configuration change has failed. Confirm the
Security - Invalid operation and try again. To clear the error, enter the BIOS
remote change Setup Utility.
requested.
0199: System This message is displayed if you enter a wrong supervisor
Security - Security password more than three times. Confirm the supervisor
password retry password and try again. To clear the error, enter the BIOS
count exceeded. Setup Utility.

Chapter 3. Solving computer problems 13


Solving computer problems

Message Solution
01C8: More than one Remove one of the Modem Daughter Cards. Otherwise, press
modem devices are Esc to ignore the warning message. If this does not solve the
found. Remove one problem, have the computer serviced.
of them. Press <Esc>
to continue.
01C9: More than one Your ThinkPad computer has a built-in Ethernet feature, and
Ethernet devices are you cannot add another such feature by installing an Ethernet
found. Remove one device such as a Mini-PCI Ethernet Card or an Ethernet
of them. Press <Esc> Daughter Card. If this error message is displayed, remove the
to continue. Ethernet device that you installed. Otherwise press Esc to
ignore the warning message. If this does not solve the problem,
have the computer serviced.
0200: Hard disk The hard disk is not working. Make sure that the hard disk
error drive is attached firmly. Run the BIOS Setup Utility; then make
sure the hard disk drive is not disabled in the Startup menu.
021x: Keyboard error Make sure that there are no objects placed on the keyboard, or
if you have one, the external keyboard. Turn off the computer,
and turn off all attached devices. Turn on the computer first;
then turn on the attached devices.

If you still see the same error code, do the following:

If an external keyboard is connected, do the following:


v Turn off the computer and disconnect the external keyboard;
then turn on the computer. Make sure that the built-in
keyboard operates correctly. If it does, have the external
keyboard serviced.
v Make sure that the external keyboard is connected to the
correct connector.

Test the computer by using PC-Doctor.


v If the computer stops during the test, have the computer
serviced.
0230: Shadow RAM The shadow RAM failed. Test your computer’s memory with
error PC-Doctor. If you added a memory module just before turning
the computer on, reinstall it. Then test the memory with
PC-Doctor.
0231: System RAM The system RAM failed. Test your computer’s memory with
error PC-Doctor. If you added a memory module just before turning
the computer on, reinstall it. Then test the memory with
PC-Doctor.
0232: Extended The extended RAM failed. Test your computer’s memory with
RAM error PC-Doctor. If you have increased memory just before turning
the computer on, reinstall it. Then test the memory with
PC-Doctor.

14 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Solving computer problems

Message Solution
0250: System battery The backup battery, which is used to preserve the configuration
error information, such as the date and time, while the computer is
turned off, is depleted. Replace the battery and run BIOS Setup
Utility to verify the configuration. If you still have a problem,
have the computer serviced.
0251: System CMOS The system CMOS might have been corrupted by an
checksum bad application program. The computer uses the default settings.
Run BIOS Setup Utility to reconfigure the settings. If you still
see the same error code, have the computer serviced.
0271: Date and time Neither the date nor the time is set in the computer. Set the
error date and time, using the BIOS Setup Utility.
0280: Previous boot Your computer was previously unable to complete the boot
incomplete process.

Turn the computer off; then turn it on to start the BIOS Setup
Utility. Verify the configuration and then restart the computer
either by choosing the Exit Saving Changes option under the
Restart item or by pressing F10. If you still see the same error
code, have the computer serviced.
1802: Unauthorized The Mini-PCI network card is not supported on this computer.
network card is Remove it.
plugged in - Power
off and remove the
miniPCI network
card.
1803: Unauthorized The daughter card is not supported on this computer. Remove
daughter card is it.
plugged in - Power
off and remove the
daughter card.
1804: Unauthorized The WAN card is not supported on this computer. Remove it.
WAN card is
plugged in - Power
off and remove the
WAN card.
1805: Unauthorized The Wireless USB card is not supported on this computer.
Wireless USB card is Remove it.
plugged in - Power
off and remove the
Wireless USB card.
2100: Initialization The hard disk is not working. Have the hard disk serviced.
error on HDD0
(Main hard disk
drive)

Chapter 3. Solving computer problems 15


Solving computer problems

Message Solution
2102: Initialization The hard disk is not working. Have the hard disk serviced.
error on HDD1
(Ultrabay hard disk
drive)
2110: Read error on The hard disk is not working. Have the hard disk serviced.
HDD0 (Main hard
disk drive)
2112: Read error on The hard disk is not working. Have the hard disk serviced.
HDD1 (Ultrabay
hard disk drive)
The power-on A power-on password or a supervisor password is set. Type
password prompt the password and press Enter to use the computer. If the
power-on password is not accepted, a supervisor password
might have been set. Type the supervisor password and press
Enter. If you still see the same error message, have the
computer serviced.
The hard disk A hard disk password is set. Type the password and press
password prompt Enter to use the computer.

If you still see the same error message, have the computer
serviced.
Hibernation error The system configuration changed between the time your
computer entered hibernation mode and the time it left this
mode, and your computer cannot resume normal operation.
v Restore the system configuration to what it was before your
computer entered hibernation mode.
v If the memory size has been changed, re-create the
hibernation file.
Operating system Verify the following:
not found. v The hard disk drive is correctly installed.
v A startable disc is in the drive.

If you still see the same error message, check the boot
sequence, using the BIOS Setup Utility.
EMM386 Not Edit C:\CONFIG.SYS and change a line from
Installed - Unable to device=C:\WINDOWS\EMM386.EXE RAM
Set Page Frame Base
Address. to
device=C:\WINDOWS\EMM386.EXE NOEMS

and save this file.

16 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Solving computer problems

Message Solution
CardBus Go to the BIOS Setup Utility. Press F9 and then Enter to load
Configuration Error the default setting.
- Device Disabled
Press F10 and then Enter to restart the system.
Cannot boot from Check the status of the device which you want to boot from.
any device.
Device not found
Check the device you want to boot from.

Device error
Check the device you want to boot from.

No valid operating system


Check that the operating system has no failure and is
installed correctly.

Excluded from boot order


Open the BIOS Setup Utility and add the device to boot
order.

If one of the following error code messages is displayed on the screen, have the
computer serviced:
0175: Bad CRC1, stop POST task
0177: Bad SVP data, stop POST task. Checksum of the supervisor password in the
EEPROM is not correct.
0187: EAIA data access error
0188: Invalid RFID serialization information area
0189: Invalid RFID configuration information area
0192: System Security - Embedded Security hardware tamper detected.
0260: System timer error
0270: Real time clock error
02D0: System cache error
02F4: EISA CMOS not writable
02F5: DMA test failed
02F6: Software NMI failed
02F7: Fail-safe timer NMI failed
Fan error
Thermal sensing error

Chapter 3. Solving computer problems 17


Solving computer problems

Errors without messages

Problem: When I turn on the machine, nothing appears on the screen and the
machine does not beep while starting up.
Note: If you are not sure whether you heard any beeps, turn off
the computer by pressing and holding the power button for more
than 4 seconds; then turn it on and listen again. If you are using an
external monitor, see “Computer screen problems” on page 21.
Solution: If a power-on password is set, press any key to display the
power-on password prompt, and then type the correct password
and press Enter.
If the power-on password prompt does not appear, the brightness
level might be set to minimum brightness. Adjust the brightness
level by pressing the Fn+Home.
If the screen still remains blank, make sure that:
v The battery is installed correctly.
v The ac adapter is connected to the computer and the power cord
is plugged into a working electrical outlet.
v The computer power is on. (Turn on the power switch again for
confirmation.)
If these items are properly set, and the screen remains blank, have
the computer serviced.

Problem: When I turn on the machine, nothing appears on the screen, but I
hear two or more beeps.
Solution: Make sure that the memory card is installed correctly. If it is, but
the screen is still blank, and you hear five beeps, have the computer
serviced.
If you hear 4 cycles of 4 beeps each, the Security Chip has a
problem. Have the computer serviced.

Problem: When I turn on the machine, only a white pointer appears on a


blank screen.
Solution: Reinstall your operating system (see Chapter 4, “Recovery options,”
on page 29) and turn on the computer. If you still see only the
pointer on the screen, have the computer serviced.

Problem: My screen goes blank while the computer is on.


Solution: Your screen saver or power management may be enabled. Move the
TrackPoint or press a key to exit the screen saver, or press the
power switch to resume from sleep (standby) or hibernation.

18 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Solving computer problems

Password problems

Problem: I forgot my password.


Solution: If you have registered your computer for Password Reset Service,
and you forgot your power-on or hard disk password, you can reset
it by pressing the ThinkVantage button at the password prompt.
v If you cannot reset your power-on password, you must take your
computer to a Lenovo authorized servicer or a marketing
representative to have the password canceled.
v If you cannot reset your hard disk password, Lenovo authorized
servicer cannot reset your password or recover data from the
hard disk. You must take your computer to a Lenovo authorized
servicer or a marketing representative to have the hard disk drive
replaced. Proof of purchase is required, and a fee will be charged
for parts and service.
If you forgot your supervisor password, Lenovo authorized servicer
cannot reset your password. You must take your computer to a
Lenovo authorized servicer or a marketing representative to have
the system board replaced. Proof of purchase is required, and a fee
will be charged for parts and service.

Keyboard problems

Problem: All or some of the keys on the keyboard do not work.


Solution:
v If the problem occurred immediately after the computer returned
from sleep (standby) mode, enter the power-on password if one
has been set.
v If an external PS/2® keyboard is connected, the numeric keypad
on your computer does not work. Use the numeric keypad on the
external keyboard.
v If an external numeric keypad or a mouse is connected:
1. Turn off the computer.
2. Remove the external numeric keypad or the mouse.
3. Turn on the computer and try using the keyboard again.
If the keyboard problem is resolved, carefully reconnect the
external numeric keypad, external keyboard, or mouse, making
sure that you have seated the connectors properly.
If keys on the keyboard still do not work, have the computer
serviced.

Chapter 3. Solving computer problems 19


Solving computer problems

Problem: A number appears when you type a letter.


Solution: The numeric lock function is on. To disable it, press and hold Shift
or Fn and then press NmLk (ScrLk).

Problem: All or some of the keys on the external numeric keypad do not
work.
Solution: Make sure that the external numeric keypad is correctly connected
to the computer.

Pointing device problems

Problem: The scrolling or magnifying glass function does not work.


Solution: Check the mouse driver in the Device Manager window, and make
sure that the PS/2 TrackPoint driver is installed.

Sleep (standby) or hibernation problems

Problem: The computer enters sleep (standby) mode (the sleep/standby


indicator turns on) immediately after Power-on self-test (POST).
Solution: Make sure that:
v The battery is charged.
v The operating temperature is within the acceptable range. See
“Specifications” on page 60.
If these items are correct, have the computer serviced.

Problem: The critical low-battery error message is displayed, and the


computer immediately turns off.
Solution: The battery power is getting low. Connect the ac adapter to the
computer and plug it into an electrical outlet, or replace the battery
with a fully charged one.

20 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Solving computer problems

Problem: The computer does not return from sleep (standby) mode, or the
sleep (standby) indicator stays on and the computer does not work.
Solution: If the system does not return from sleep (standby) mode, it may
have entered sleep (standby) or hibernation mode automatically
because the battery is depleted. Check the sleep (standby) indicator.
v If the sleep (standby) indicator is on, your computer is in sleep
(standby) mode. Connect the ac adapter to the computer; then
press Fn.
v If the sleep (standby) indicator is off, your computer is in
hibernation mode or power-off state. Connect the ac adapter to
the computer; then press power button to resume operation.
If the system still does not return from sleep (standby) mode, your
system may stop responding and you cannot turn off the computer.
Reset the computer. Unsaved data may be lost. To reset the
computer, press and hold the power button for 4 seconds or more.
If the computer is not reset, remove the ac adapter and the battery.

Problem: When you take action to return from sleep (standby) mode, the
computer display remains blank.
Solution: Check whether an external monitor was disconnected or turned off
while the computer was in sleep (standby) mode. If you
disconnected or turned off the external monitor, connect it or turn it
on before resuming the computer from the sleep (standby) mode.
When resuming the computer from the sleep (standby) mode
without attaching the external monitor or turning it on, and the
computer display remains blank, press Fn+F7 to bring up the
computer display.
Note: If you use the Fn+F7 key combination to apply a presentation
scheme, press Fn+F7 at least three times in three seconds, and the
image is displayed on the computer screen.

Problem: The computer enters sleep (standby) mode unexpectedly.


Solution: If the processor overheats, the computer automatically enters sleep
(standby) mode to allow the computer to cool and to protect the
processor and other internal components. Also, check the settings
for sleep (standby) mode, using Power Manager.

Computer screen problems

Problem: Incorrect characters appear on the screen.


Solution: Did you install the operating system or application program
correctly? If they are installed and configured correctly, have the
computer serviced.

Chapter 3. Solving computer problems 21


Solving computer problems

Problem: Missing, discolored, or bright dots appear on the screen every time
you turn on your computer.
Solution: This is an intrinsic characteristic of the TFT technology. Your
computer’s display contains multiple thin-film transistors (TFTs). A
small number of missing, discolored, or bright dots on the screen
might exist all the time.

Problem: The screen is blank.


Solution:
v Press Fn+F7 to bring up the image.
Note: If you use the Fn+F7 key combination to apply a
presentation scheme, press Fn+F7 at least three times in three
seconds, and the image is displayed on the computer screen.
v If you are using the ac adapter, or using the battery, and the
battery status indicator is on (is green), press Fn+Home to make
the screen brighter.
v If the sleep (standby) status indicator is on (is green), press Fn to
resume from the sleep (standby) mode.
v If you still have the problem, do the Solution in the following
problem ″The screen is unreadable or distorted."

22 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Solving computer problems

Problem: The screen is unreadable or distorted.


Solution: Make sure that:
v The display device driver is installed correctly.
v The screen resolution and color quality are correctly set.
v The monitor type is correct.
To check these settings, do as follows:
For Windows Vista™:
1. Right-click on the desktop, click Personalize, then click Display
Settings.
2. Check whether the screen resolution and color quality are
correctly set.
3. Click Advanced Settings.
4. Click the Adapter tab.
5. Make sure the correct device driver name is shown in the
adapter information window.
Note: The device driver name depends on the video chip that
has been installed on your computer.
6. Click the Properties button. If you are prompted for an
administrator password or confirmation, type the password or
provide confirmation. Check the ″Device status″ box and make
sure the device is working properly. If not, click the
Troubleshoot button.
7. Click the Monitor tab.
8. Make sure the information is correct.
9. Click the Properties button. If you are prompted for an
administrator password or confirmation, type the password or
provide confirmation. Check the ″Device status″ box and make
sure the device is working properly. If not, click the
Troubleshoot button.

Chapter 3. Solving computer problems 23


Solving computer problems

Solution (continued):
For Windows XP and Windows 2000:
1. Right-click on the desktop, click Properties to open the Display
Properties window, then click the Settings tab.
2. Check whether the screen resolution and color quality are
correctly set.
3. Click Advanced.
4. Click the Adapter tab.
5. Make sure the correct device driver name is shown in the
adapter information window.
Note: The device driver name depends on the video chip that
has been installed on your computer.
6. Click the Properties button. Check the ″Device status″ box and
make sure the device is working properly. If not, click the
Troubleshoot button.
7. Click the Monitor tab.
8. Make sure the information is correct.
9. Click the Properties button. Check the ″Device status″ box and
make sure the device is working properly. If not, click the
Troubleshoot button.

Problem: A message, “Unable to create overlay window,” appears when you


try to start DVD playback.
-or-
You get poor or no playback while running video playback, DVD
playback, or game applications.
Solution: Do either of the following:
v If you are using 32-bit color mode, change the color depth to
16-bit mode.
v If you are using a desktop size of 1280×1024 or larger, reduce the
desktop size and the color depth.

Battery problems

Problem: The battery cannot be fully charged by the power-off method in the
standard charge time for your computer.
Solution: For details, see the Battery and power category in Troubleshooting
under the Problem solving section in Access Help.

24 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Solving computer problems

Problem: Your computer shuts down before the battery status indicator
shows empty,
-or-
Your computer operates after the battery status indicator shows
empty.
Solution: Discharge and recharge the battery.

Problem: The operating time for a fully charged battery is short.


Solution: For details, see the Battery and power category in Troubleshooting
under the Problem solving section in Access Help.

Problem: The computer does not operate with a fully charged battery.
Solution: The surge protector in the battery might be active. Turn off the
computer for one minute to reset the protector; then turn on the
computer again.

Problem: The battery does not charge.


Solution: For details, see the Battery and power category in Troubleshooting
under the Problem solving section in Access Help.

Hard disk drive problems

Problem: The hard disk drive does not work.


Solution: In the startup menu in BIOS Setup Utility, make sure that the hard
disk drive is included in the "Boot priority order" list. If it is
included in the "Excluded from boot order" list, the hard disk drive
is disabled. Select the entry for it in the list and press the x key. This
moves the entry to the "Boot priority order" list.

Problem: After setting a hard disk password on the hard disk drive of my
computer, I moved the drive to another computer. Now I cannot
unlock the hard disk password.
Solution: Your computer supports an enhanced password algorithm.
Computers older than yours may not support such a security
function. If you have set a hard disk password with Using
Passphrase enabled in the BIOS Setup Utility, and want to use the
hard disk drive in an older computer, first remove the password,
and then move the hard disk to the older computer.

Chapter 3. Solving computer problems 25


Solving computer problems

Problem: I cannot hot-swap the hard disk drive in the Ultrabay.


Solution: You can hot-swap a hard disk drive in the Ultrabay only if no hard
disk password has been set. Make sure that the password for the
hard disk drive in the Ultrabay is disabled.

Problem: I cannot change or remove a hard disk password in the BIOS Setup
Utility.
Solution: The setting of Using Passphrase in the BIOS Setup Utility must be
consistent between setting a hard disk password and changing or
removing it. If the Hard Disk x Password menu in the BIOS Setup
Utility is grayed out and unavailable, remove all other passwords.
Then turn off your computer and uninstall the hard disk drive. Turn
on the computer with the hard disk drive uninstalled, enter the
BIOS Setup Utility, and set Using Passphrase as enabled or
disabled, whichever was its setting when you set the password. Exit
the BIOS Setup Utility, and turn off the computer. Replace the hard
disk drive. Turn on the computer and enter the BIOS Setup Utility
to change or remove the hard disk password.

Fingerprint authentication problems

Problem: You cannot register or authenticate your finger because it is


wrinkled, rough, dry, injured, stained, oily, wet, or different one
from what you have registered.
Solution: To improve the situation, try the following:
v Clean or wipe your hands to remove any excess dirt or moisture
from the fingers.
v Enroll and use a different finger for authentication.
v If your hands are too dry, apply lotion to them.

Startup problems

Problem: The Microsoft® Windows operating system will not start.


Solution: Use the Rescue and Recovery workspace to help solve or identify
your problem. For details about Rescue and Recovery, see
Chapter 4, “Recovery options,” on page 29

26 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Solving computer problems

Other problems

Problem: Your computer does not respond.


Solution:
v To turn off your computer, press and hold the power switch for 4
seconds or more. If the computer still does not respond, remove
the ac adapter and the battery.
v Your computer might lock when it enters sleep (standby) mode
during a communication operation. Disable the sleep (standby)
timer when you are working on the network.

Problem: The computer does not start from a device you want.
Solution: See the Startup menu of the BIOS Setup Utility. Make sure that the
startup sequence in the BIOS Setup Utility is set so that the
computer starts from the device you want.
Also make sure that the device from which the computer starts is
enabled. In the startup menu in the BIOS Setup Utility, make sure
that the device is included in the ″Boot priority order″ list. If it is
included in the ″Excluded from boot order″ list, it is disabled. Select
the entry for it in the list and press the x key. This moves the entry
to the ″Boot priority order″ list.

Starting BIOS Setup Utility


Your computer provides a program, called BIOS Setup Utility, that enables
you to select various setup parameters.
v Config: Set the configuration of your computer.
v Date/Time: Set the date and time.
v Security: Set security features.
v Startup: Set the startup device.
v Restart: Restart the system.

To start BIOS Setup Utility, do as follows:


1. To protect yourself against accidental loss of data, back up your data and
computer registry. For details see the “Data backup-and-restore tools”
section of Access Help.
2. If the diskette drive is connected to the computer, remove any diskette
from the diskette drive, and then turn off the computer.
3. Turn on the computer; then, while the message, “To interrupt normal
startup, press the blue ThinkVantage button” is displayed at the lower left
of the screen, press the ThinkVantage button. The Rescue and Recovery
workspace opens.

Chapter 3. Solving computer problems 27


Starting BIOS Setup Utility

4. Click Access BIOS. The System Restart Required window is displayed.


5. Click Yes. The computer restarts, and the BIOS Setup Utility menu
appears.
If you have set a supervisor password, the BIOS Setup Utility menu
appears after you enter the password. You can start the utility by pressing
Enter instead of entering the supervisor password; however, you cannot
change the parameters that are protected by the supervisor password. For
more information, see the on-board help.
6. Using the cursor keys, move to an item you want to change. When the
item you want is highlighted, press Enter. A submenu is displayed.
7. Change the items you wish to change. To change the value of an item, use
the F5 or F6 key. If the item has a submenu, you can display it by pressing
Enter.
8. Press F3 or Esc to exit from the submenu. If you are in a nested submenu,
press Esc repeatedly until you reach the BIOS Setup Utility menu.
Note: If you need to restore the settings to their original state as of the
time of purchase, press F9 key to load the default settings. You can also
select an option in the Restart submenu to load the default settings or
discard the changes.
9. Select Restart; then press Enter. Move the cursor to the option you want
for restarting your computer; then press Enter. Your computer restarts.

28 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Chapter 4. Recovery options

Introducing Rescue and Recovery


If Windows is not running properly, use the Rescue and Recovery workspace
to help solve or identify your problem. Do the following:
1. Turn off your PC, then turn it on again.
2. Watch the screen carefully while your PC starts. When “To interrupt
normal startup, press the blue ThinkVantage button” message is displayed
at the lower left of the screen, press the blue ThinkVantage button. The
Rescue and Recovery workspace opens.
3. After the Rescue and Recovery workspace opens, you can do the
following:
v Rescue and Restore your files, folders, or backups.
v Configure your system settings and passwords.
v Communicate using the Internet and link to the support site.
v Troubleshoot and diagnose problems using diagnostics.
For more information about using Rescue and Recovery features, see the
“Recovery overview” section of the Access Help.

Restoring factory contents


Instead of providing a recovery disc or a Windows disc with your computer,
Lenovo provides simpler methods of accomplishing the tasks typically
associated with these discs. The files and programs for these alternative
methods are on your hard disk, which eliminates having to locate a misplaced
disc and problems associated with using an incorrect version of the disc.

The complete backup of all the files and programs that Lenovo preinstalled on
your computer resides in a hidden protected area, or partition, of the hard
disk. Although hidden, the backups in the partition consume hard disk space.
Therefore, when checking the capacity of your hard disk according to
Windows, you might note that the total capacity of the disk appears to be
smaller than anticipated. This discrepancy is explained by the contents of the
hidden partition.

The Product Recovery Program contained within this area enables you to
restore the complete contents of your hard disk to the same state as it was
when originally shipped from the factory.

To recover the hard disk to its original contents, do the following:

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 29


Recovery options

Notes:
1. If you are using Windows XP or Windows 2000, and the optical drive is
not attached to your ThinkPad computer during recovery, DVD software
and CD-recording software will not be installed. To ensure that they will
be installed correctly, install the optical drive in the Ultrabay before
performing a recovery operation.
2. The recovery process might take up to 2 hours.

Attention: All of the files on the primary hard disk partition (usually drive C)
will be lost in the recovery process. However, before any data is overwritten,
you will be given the opportunity to save one or more files to other media.
1. If possible, save all your files and shut down your operating system.
2. Turn off your computer for at least 5 seconds.
3. Turn on your computer. Watch the display carefully. While the message,
“To interrupt normal startup, press the blue ThinkVantage button” is
displayed, press the ThinkVantage button. The Rescue and Recovery
workspace opens.
4. Click Restore your system and follow the instructions on the screen.

Recovering data
If you performed a backup operation using the Rescue and Recovery
program, you also have one or more backups stored that reflect the contents
of the hard disk as it existed at various points in time. These backups might
be stored on your hard disk, or a network drive, or on removable media,
depending on the options you selected during the backup operation.

You can use either the Rescue and Recovery program or the Rescue and
Recovery workspace to restore the contents of the hard disk to an earlier state
using any of the stored backups. The Rescue and Recovery workspace runs
independently of the Windows operating system. Therefore, you can start it
by pressing the blue ThinkVantage button when prompted during startup.

After the Rescue and Recovery workspace opens you can perform a recovery
operation, even if you are unable to start Windows.

30 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Chapter 5. Upgrading and replacing devices

Replacing the battery

Important
Read Safety and Warranty Guide before replacing the battery.

1. Turn off the computer, or enter hibernation mode. Then disconnect the ac
adapter and all cables from the computer.

Note: If you are using a PC Card, the computer might not be able to enter
hibernation mode. If this happens, turn off the computer.
2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Unlock the battery latch by sliding it to the left 1. Then, remove the
battery 2.

4. Install a fully charged battery.

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 31


Replacing the battery

Note: If your computer is a ThinkPad T61 14.1-inch widescreen model,


install a fully charged batter as follows:
a. Align the battery as shown in the drawing 1, and gently press it
downward.

b. Slide the battery into the computer 2.

32 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Replacing the battery

5. Slide the battery latch to the locked position.

6. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac adapter and the cables to
the computer.

Note: Your battery may appear slightly different from those shown in figures
above depending on the model.

Upgrading the hard disk drive

Important
Read Safety and Warranty Guide before replacing the hard disk drive.

You can increase the storage capacity of your computer by replacing the hard
disk drive with one of greater capacity. You can purchase a new hard disk
drive from your reseller or Lenovo marketing representative.
Notes:
1. Replace the hard disk drive only if you upgrade it or have it repaired. The
connectors and bay of the hard disk drive were not designed for frequent
changes, or drive swapping.
2. The Rescue and Recovery workspace and the Product Recovery program
are not included on an optional hard disk drive.

Chapter 5. Upgrading and replacing devices 33


Upgrading the hard disk drive

Attention
Handling a hard disk drive
v Do not drop the drive or subject it to physical shocks. Put the drive on
a material, such as soft cloth, that absorbs the physical shock.
v Do not apply pressure to the cover of the drive.
v Do not touch the connector.
The drive is very sensitive. Incorrect handling can cause damage and
permanent loss of data on the hard disk. Before removing the hard disk
drive, make a backup copy of all the information on the hard disk, and
then turn the computer off. Never remove the drive while the system is
operating, in standby mode, or in hibernation mode.

To replace the hard disk drive, do the following:


1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac adapter and all cables
from the computer.
2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Remove the battery.
4. Remove the screw that secures the hard disk drive slot cover.

For 14.1-inch widescreen models: For 14.1-inch screen and 15.4-inch


widescreen models:

34 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Upgrading the hard disk drive

5. Remove the cover .

For 14.1-inch widescreen models: For 14.1-inch screen and 15.4-inch


widescreen models:

6. Remove the hard disk by pulling out the tab.

7. Detach the side rubber rails from the hard disk drive.

Chapter 5. Upgrading and replacing devices 35


Upgrading the hard disk drive

8. Attach the side rubber rails to a new hard disk drive.

9. Insert the hard disk drive into the hard disk drive bay; then press it
firmly in to place.

10. Reinstall the cover of the hard disk drive slot.

For 14.1-inch widescreen models: For 14.1-inch screen and 15.4-inch


widescreen models:

36 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Upgrading the hard disk drive

11. Reinstall the screw.

For 14.1-inch widescreen models: For 14.1-inch screen and 15.4-inch


widescreen models:

12. Reinstall the battery.


13. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac adapter and the cables to
the computer.

Replacing memory

Important
Read Safety and Warranty Guide before replacing memory.

Increasing memory capacity is an effective way to make programs run faster.


You can increase the amount of memory in your computer by installing a
double data rate (DDR) 2 synchronous dynamic random access memory
(DRAM) unbuffered small outline dual inline memory module (SO-DIMM),
available as an option, in the memory slot of your computer. SO-DIMMs with
different capacities are available.

Note: Use only the memory types supported by your computer. If you
incorrectly install the optional memory or install an unsupported
memory type, a warning beep will sound when you try to start the
computer.

To install an SO-DIMM, do the following:


1. Touch a metal table or a grounded metal object. This action reduces any
static electricity in your body, which could damage the SO-DIMM. Do
not touch the contact edge of the SO-DIMM.
2. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac adapter and all cables
from the computer.

Chapter 5. Upgrading and replacing devices 37


Replacing memory

3. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.


4. Remove the battery.
5. Remove the palm rest.
a. Remove the four screws that secure the palm rest.

b. Turn the computer over and open the display. Open up the palm rest
in the direction shown by arrow 1 by picking up the projection tabs
on the sides, and then release the palm rest from the computer 2.

38 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Replacing memory

c. Detach the connector of the palm rest cable by pulling the tab with
your fingers. Now the palm rest has been removed.

6. If two SO-DIMMs are already installed in the memory slot, remove one
of them to make room for the new one by pressing out on the latches on
both edges of the socket at the same time. Be sure to save the old
SO-DIMM for future use.

Chapter 5. Upgrading and replacing devices 39


Replacing memory

7. With the notched end of the SO-DIMM toward the contact edge side of
the socket, firmly insert the SO-DIMM into the socket at an angle of
about 20 degrees 1; then pivot it downward until it snaps into place
2.

2 1

8. Reinstall the palm rest.


a. Attach the connector of the palm rest cable.

40 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Replacing memory

b. Press the left and right top edges of the palm rest to fit it into place.
For 14.1-inch screen and 14.1-inch widescreen models:

For 15.4-inch widescreen models:

Chapter 5. Upgrading and replacing devices 41


Replacing memory

c. Push the front side of the palm rest until it clicks into place.

d. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over. Reinstall the
four screws for the palm rest.

9. Reinstall the battery.


10. Turn the computer over, and reconnect the ac adapter and the cables to
the computer.

To make sure that the SO-DIMM is installed correctly, do as follows:


1. Turn the computer on.
2. While the “To interrupt normal startup, press the blue ThinkVantage
button” message is displayed at the lower left of the screen, press the
ThinkVantage button. The Rescue and Recovery screen opens.
3. Click Access BIOS. The System Restart Required window is displayed.

42 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Replacing memory

4. Click Yes. The computer restarts, and the BIOS Setup Utility screen opens.
The “Installed memory” item shows the total amount of memory installed
in your computer.

Chapter 5. Upgrading and replacing devices 43


Replacing memory

44 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Chapter 6. Getting help and service

Getting help and service


If you need help, service, technical assistance, or just want more information
about ThinkPad computers, you will find a wide variety of sources available
from Lenovo to assist you. This section contains information about where to
go for additional information about ThinkPad computers, what to do if you
experience a problem with your computer, and whom to call for service
should it be necessary.

Microsoft Service Packs are the latest software source for Windows product
updates. They are available via Web download (connection charges may
apply) or via a disc. For more specific information and links, please go to the
Microsoft Web site at http://www.microsoft.com. Lenovo offers Up and
Running technical assistance with installation of, or questions related to,
Service Packs for your Lenovo-preinstalled Microsoft Windows product. For
information, please contact the Customer Support Center at the phone
number(s) listed in “Worldwide telephone list” on page 47. Some fees might
apply.

Getting help on the Web


The Lenovo Web site on the World Wide Web has up-to-date information
about ThinkPad computers and support. The address for the Personal
Computing home page is http://www.lenovo.com/think.

You can find support information for your ThinkPad computer at


http://www.lenovo.com/think/support. Research this Web site to learn how
to solve problems, find new ways to use your computer, and learn about
options that can make working with your ThinkPad computer even easier.

Calling the Customer Support Center


If you have tried to correct the problem yourself and still need help, during
the warranty period, you can get help and information by telephone through
the Customer Support Center. The following services are available during the
warranty period:
v Problem determination - Trained personnel are available to assist you with
determining if you have a hardware problem and deciding what action is
necessary to fix the problem.

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 45


Getting help and service

v Lenovo hardware repair - If the problem is determined to be caused by


Lenovo hardware under warranty, trained service personnel are available to
provide the applicable level of service.
v Engineering change management - Occasionally, there might be changes
that are required after a product has been sold. Lenovo or your reseller, if
authorized by Lenovo, will make selected Engineering Changes (ECs)
available that apply to your hardware.

The following items are not covered:


v Replacement or use of parts not manufactured for or by Lenovo or
nonwarranted parts

Note: All warranted parts contain a 7-character identification in the format


FRU XXXXXXX
v Identification of software problem sources
v Configuration of BIOS as part of an installation or upgrade
v Changes, modifications, or upgrades to device drivers
v Installation and maintenance of network operating systems (NOS)
v Installation and maintenance of application programs

To determine if your machine is in warranty and when the warranty expires,


go to http://www.lenovo.com/think/support, and click Warranty, then
follow the instructions on the screen.

For the terms and conditions of the Lenovo Limited Warranty that applies to
your Lenovo hardware product, see Chapter 3, Warranty Information in the
Safety and Warranty Guide included with your Lenovo hardware product.

If possible, be near your computer when you make your call in case the
technical assistance representative needs to help you resolve a computer
problem. Please ensure that you have downloaded the most current drivers
and system updates, run diagnostics, and recorded information before you
call. When calling for technical assistance, please have the following
information available:
v Machine Type and Model
v Serial numbers of your computer, monitor, and other components, or your
proof of purchase
v Description of the problem
v Exact wording of any error messages
v Hardware and software configuration information for your system

The telephone numbers for your Customer Support Center location are
located in the Worldwide telephone list section of this guide.

Note: Telephone numbers are subject to change without notice. For the latest
list of Customer Support Center telephone numbers and hours of

46 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Getting help and service

operation, visit the Support Web site at http://www.lenovo.com/


support/phone. If the number for your country or region is not listed,
contact your Lenovo reseller or Lenovo marketing representative.

Getting help around the world


If you travel with your computer or relocate it to a country where your
ThinkPad machine type is sold, your computer might be eligible for
International Warranty Service, which automatically entitles you to obtain
warranty service throughout the warranty period. Service will be performed
by service providers authorized to perform warranty service.

Service methods and procedures vary by country, and some services might
not be available in all countries. International Warranty Service is delivered
through the method of service (such as depot, carry-in, or on-site service) that
is provided in the servicing country. Service centers in certain countries might
not be able to service all models of a particular machine type. In some
countries, fees and restrictions might apply at the time of service.

To determine whether your computer is eligible for International Warranty


Service and to view a list of the countries where service is available, go to
http://www.lenovo.com/think/support, click Warranty, and follow the
instructions on the screen.

Worldwide telephone list


Phone numbers are subject to change without notice. For the most current
phone numbers, go to http://www.lenovo.com/support/phone.

Country or Region Telephone Number


Africa Africa: +44 (0)1475-555-055
South Africa: +27-11-3028888 and 0800110756
Central Africa: Contact the nearest Lenovo Business Partner
Argentina 0800-666-0011 (Spanish)
Australia 131-426 (English)
Austria 01-24592-5901 (30 day up and running support)
01-211-454-610 (Warranty service and support)
(German)
Belgium 02-210-9820 (30 day up and running support) (Dutch)
02-210-9800 (30 day up and running support) (French)
02-225-3611 (Warranty service and support)
(Dutch, French)
Bolivia 0800-10-0189 (Spanish)

Chapter 6. Getting help and service 47


Getting help and service

Country or Region Telephone Number


Brazil Sao Paulo region: (11) 3889-8986
Outside Sao Paulo region: 0800-701-4815
(Brazilian Portuguese)
Canada 1-800-565-3344
(English, French)
In Toronto only call 416-383-3344
Chile 800-361-213
188-800-442-488 (Toll free)
(Spanish)
China Technical Support Line
800-990-8888
86-10-58851110
(Mandarin)
China ThinkPad (Technical enquiry hotline):
(Hong Kong S.A.R.) 2516-3939 (Hong Kong)
0800-839 (Macau)
ThinkPad Service Center:
2825-6580 (Hong Kong)
715-399 (Macau)
Multimedia Home PC:
800-938-228 (Hong Kong)
0800-336 (Macau)
(Cantonese, English, Mandarin)
China ThinkPad (Technical enquiry hotline): 0800-839
(Macau S.A.R.) (Cantonese, English, Mandarin)
Colombia 1-800-912-3021 (Spanish)
Costa Rica 800-011-1029 (Spanish)
Croatia 0800-0426
Cyprus +357-22-841100
Czech Republic +420-2-7213-1316
Denmark 4520-8200 (30 day up and running support)
7010-5150 (Warranty service and support)
(Danish)
Dominican Republic 1-866-434-2080 (Spanish)
Ecuador 1-800-426911 (Spanish)
El Salvador 800-6264 (Spanish)
Estonia +372 66 00 800
+372 6776793
Finland 09-459-6960 (30 day up and running support)
+358-800-1-4260 (Warranty service and support)
(Finnish)

48 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Getting help and service

Country or Region Telephone Number


France Hardware 0810-631-213 (Warranty service and support)
Software 0810-631-020 (Warranty service and support)
0238-557-450 (30 day up and running support)
(French)
Germany 07032-15-49201 (30 day up and running support)
01805-25-35-58 (Warranty service and support)
(German)
Greece +30-210-680-1700
Guatemala 1800-624-0051 (Spanish)
Honduras Tegucigalpa: 232-4222
San Pedro Sula: 552-2234
(Spanish)
Hungary +36-1-382-5720
India 1800-425-6666
or
+91-80-2678-8970
(English)
Indonesia 800-140-3555 (English)
62-21-251-2955 (Bahasa, Indonesian)
Ireland 01-815-9202 (30 day up and running support)
01-881-1444 (Warranty service and support)
(English)
Israel Givat Shmuel Service Center: +972-3-531-3900
(Hebrew, English)
Italy 02-7031-6101 (30 day up and running support)
+39-800-820094 (Warranty service and support)
(Italian)
Japan ThinkPad Products Toll Free: 0120-20-5550
International: +81-46-266-4716

Both of the above numbers will be answered with a Japanese


language voice prompt. For telephone support in English,
please wait for the Japanese voice prompt to end, and an
operator will answer. Please say ″English support please,″ and
your call will be transferred to an English speaking operator.
Korea 1588-5801 (Korean)
Latvia +371 7070360
Lithuania +370 5 278 66 00
Luxembourg +352-298-977-5063 (French)
Malaysia 1800-88-8558 (English, Bahasa, Melayu)

Chapter 6. Getting help and service 49


Getting help and service

Country or Region Telephone Number


Malta +35621445566
Mexico 001-866-434-2080 (Spanish)
Middle East +44 (0)1475-555-055
Netherlands +31-20-514-5770 (Dutch)
New Zealand 0800-733-222 (English)
Nicaragua 001-800-220-1830 (Spanish)
Norway 6681-1100 (30 day up and running support)
8152-1550 (Warranty service and support)
(Norwegian)
Panama 206-6047
001-866-434-2080
(Lenovo Customer Support Center- toll Free)
(Spanish)
Peru 0-800-50-866 (Spanish)
Philippines 1800-1888-1426 (English)
63-2-995-8420 (Filipino)
Poland +48-22-878-6999
Portugal +351-21-892-7147 (Portuguese)
Romania +4-021-224-4015
Russian Federation Moscow: +7 (495) 258-6300
Toll free: 8 800 200 6300
(Russian)
Singapore 1800-3172-888 (English, Bahasa, Melayu)
Slovakia +421-2-4954-5555
Slovenia +386-1-4796-699
Spain 91-714-7983
0901-100-000
(Spanish)
Sri Lanka +9411 2493547
+9411 2493548
(English)
Sweden 08-477-4420 (30 day up and running support)
077-117-1040 (Warranty service and support)
(Swedish)
Switzerland 058-333-0900 (30 day up and running support)
0800-55-54-54 (Warranty service and support)
(German, French, Italian)

50 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Getting help and service

Country or Region Telephone Number


Taiwan 886-2-8723-9799
or
0800-000-700
(Mandarin)
Thailand 1-800-299-229 (Thai)
Turkey 00800-4463-2041 (Turkish)
United Kingdom 01475-555-055 (30 day up and running support)
08705-500-900 (Standard warranty support)
(English)
United States 1-800-426-7378 (English)
Uruguay 000-411-005-6649 (Spanish)
Venezuela 0-800-100-2011 (Spanish)
Vietnam For northern area and Hanoi: 84-4-843-6675
For southern area and Ho Chi Minh City: 84-8-829-5160
(English, Vietnamese)

Chapter 6. Getting help and service 51


52 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix A. Warranty information
This Appendix provides information regarding the warranty period and type
of warranty service applicable to your Lenovo hardware product in your
country or region. For the terms and conditions of the Lenovo Limited
Warranty that applies to your Lenovo hardware product, see Chapter 3,
Warranty Information in the Safety and Warranty Guide included with your
Lenovo hardware product.

Machine Country or Region of Purchase Warranty period Types of


Type Warranty
Service
8889, 8895 Europe, Middle East, Africa Parts and Labor - 3 years 4
(EMEA), Korea Battery pack - 1 year 1
Japan Parts and Labor - 1 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
Other Parts and Labor - 3 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
8890, 8896 All Parts and Labor - 3 years 2
Battery pack - 1 year 1
8891, 8897 US Parts and Labor - 1 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
8892, 8898 US Parts and Labor - 3 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
8893, 8899 Europe, Middle East, Africa Parts and Labor - 4 years 4
(EMEA), Korea Battery pack - 1 year 1
Other Parts and Labor - 4 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
8894, 8900 All Parts and Labor - 4 years 2
Battery pack - 1 year 1
8938 Korea Parts and Labor - 1 year 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
6377, 6378 US, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Parts and Labor - 4 year 3
Japan and Australia Battery pack - 1 year 1
Other Parts and Labor - 4 year 4
Battery pack - 1 year 1
6379, 1959 All Parts and Labor - 4 year 2
Battery pack - 1 year 1

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 53


Machine Country or Region of Purchase Warranty period Types of
Type Warranty
Service
7658, 7662 US, Canada Parts and Labor - 1years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
7659, 7663 US, Canada, Mexico, Brazil and Parts and Labor - 3 years 3
Australia Battery pack - 1 year 1
Japan Parts and Labor - 1 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
Other Parts and Labor - 3 years 4
Battery pack - 1 year 1
7660, 7664 US, Canada Parts and Labor - 3 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
7661, 7665 All Parts and Labor - 3 years 2
Battery pack - 1 year 1
6457, 6463 Europe, Middle East, Africa Parts and Labor - 3 years 4
(EMEA), Korea Battery pack - 1 year 1
Japan Parts and Labor - 1 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
Other Parts and Labor - 3 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
6458, 6464 All Parts and Labor - 3 years 2
Battery pack - 1 year 1
6459, 6465 US Parts and Labor - 1 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
6460, 6466 US Parts and Labor - 3 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
6461, 6467 Europe, Middle East, Africa Parts and Labor - 4 years 4
(EMEA), Korea Battery pack - 1 year 1
Other Parts and Labor - 4 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1
6462, 6468 All Parts and Labor - 4 years 2
Battery pack - 1 year 1
6471 Korea Parts and Labor - 1 years 3
Battery pack - 1 year 1

Types of warranty service


1. Customer Replaceable Unit (″CRU″) Service

54 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Under CRU Service, your Service Provider will ship CRUs to you for you
to install. Most CRUs are easy to install whereas others may require some
technical skill and tools. CRU information and replacement instructions are
shipped with your product and are available from Lenovo at any time
upon request. You may request that a Service Provider install some CRUs
under one of the other types of warranty service designated for your
product. Installation of external CRUs (such as mice, keyboards, or
monitors) is your responsibility. Lenovo specifies in the materials shipped
with a replacement CRU whether the defective CRU must be returned.
When return is required, 1) return instructions, a prepaid return shipping
label, and a container are included with the replacement CRU, and 2) you
may be charged for the replacement CRU if your Service Provider does
not receive the defective CRU within thirty (30) days of your receipt of the
replacement.
2. On-site Service
Under On-Site Service, your Service Provider will either repair or
exchange the product at your location. You must provide a suitable
working area to allow disassembly and reassembly of the Lenovo product.
For some products, certain repairs may require your Service Provider to
send the product to a designated service center.
3. Courier or Depot Service
Under Courier or Depot Service, your product will be repaired or
exchanged at a designated service center, with shipping arranged by your
Service Provider. You are responsible for disconnecting the product. A
shipping container will be provided to you for you to return your product
to a designated service center. A courier will pick up your product and
deliver it to the designated service center. Following its repair or exchange,
the service center will arrange the return delivery of the product to you.
4. Customer Carry-In or Mail-In Service
Under Customer Carry-In or Mail-In Service, your product will be
repaired or exchanged at a designated service center, with delivery or
shipping arranged by you. You are responsible to deliver or mail, as your
Service Provider specifies, (prepaid unless specified otherwise) the product
suitably packaged to a designated location. After the product has been
repaired or exchanged, it will be made available for your collection.
Failure to collect the product may result in your Service Provider
disposing of the product as it sees fit. For Mail-in Service, the product will
be returned to you at Lenovo’s expense, unless your Service Provider
specifies otherwise.

Appendix A. Warranty information 55


56 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix B. Customer Replaceable Units (CRUs)
Customer Replaceable Units (CRUs) are computer parts that can be upgraded
or replaced by the customer. There are two types of CRUs: internal and
external. External CRUs are easy to install, whereas internal CRUs require
some technical skills and in some cases might require tools such as a
screwdriver. However, both internal and external CRUs are safe for removal
by the customer.

Customers are responsible for replacing all external CRUs. Internal CRUs can
be removed and installed by customers or by a Lenovo service technician
during the warranty period.

Your computer contains the following types of external CRUs:


v External CRUs (pluggable): These CRUs unplug from the computer.
Examples of these types of CRUs include the ac adapter and power cord.
v External CRUs with latches: These CRUs include a latch to help you
remove and replace the part. Examples of these types of CRUs include the
notebook main battery and Ultrabay devices such as an optical drive, a
hard-disk drive, and an extended battery.

Your computer contains the following types of internal CRUs:


v Internal CRUs (located behind an access panel): These CRUs are isolated
parts within the computer that are concealed by an access panel that is
typically secured by either one or two screws. Once the access panel is
removed, only the specific CRU is visible. Examples of these types of CRUs
include memory modules and hard disk drives.
v Internal CRUs (located within the product): These CRUs are accessible
only by opening the computer’s outer case. Examples of these CRUs
include PCI Express Mini Cards and the integrated keyboard.

Online Access Help provides instructions for replacing internal and external
CRUs. To start the Access Help program, click Start, move the pointer to All
Programs (in Windows 2000, Programs); then to ThinkVantage. Click Access
Help.

Additionally, the Service and Troubleshooting Guide (this guide) and Setup
Instructions provide instructions for several critical CRU’s.

If you are unable to access these instructions or if you have difficulty


replacing a CRU, you can use either of the following additional resources:

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 57


v The Online Hardware Maintenance Manual and Online Videos available
from the Support Web site
http://www.lenovo.com/support/site.wss/document.do?sitestyle=lenovo
&lndocid=part-video.
v The Customer Support Center. For the telephone number of the Support
Center for your country or region, see “Worldwide telephone list” on page
47.

Note: Only use computer parts provided by Lenovo. See Chapter 3,


Warranty Information in the Safety and Warranty Guide for warranty
information about the CRUs for your machine type.

The following table provides a list of CRUs for your computer and where to
locate the replacement instructions.

Service and Setup Access Online Online


Troubleshooting Instructions Help Hardware Video
Guide Maintenance
Manual
External CRUs (pluggable)
AC adapter X
Power cord for X
ac power
adapter
TrackPoint cap X
External CRUs (with latches)
Battery X X X X
Optical drive X X X
Ultrabay device X X X
Internal CRUs (behind an access panel)
Hard disk X X X X
drive
Internal CRUs (located within the product)
Keyboard X X X
Palm rest X X X X
Memory X X X X
PCI Express X X X
Mini Card
Communication X X X
Daughter Card

58 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Appendix C. Features and Specifications

Features
Processor
v See the system properties of your computer. You can do this as follows:
Click Start, right-click Computer (in Windows XP and Windows 2000, My
Computer); then from the pull down menu select Properties.

Memory
v Double data rate (DDR) 2 synchronous dynamic random access memory

Storage device
v 2.5-inch hard disk drive

Display
The color display uses TFT technology:
v Size: 14.1-inch screen
Resolution:
– LCD: Up to 1400-by-1050, depending on the model
– External monitor: Up to 2048-by-1536
v Size: 14.1-inch widescreen
Resolution:
– LCD: Up to 1400-by-900, depending on the model
– External monitor: Up to 2048-by-1536
v Size: 15.4-inch widescreen
Resolution:
– LCD: Up to 1920-by-1200, depending on the model
– External monitor: Up to 2048-by-1536
v Brightness control
v ThinkLight®

Keyboard
v 89-key, 90-key, or 94-key
v UltraNav® (TrackPoint and touch pad)
v Fn key function
v ThinkVantage button
v Volume control buttons

Interface
v External-monitor connector
v Stereo headphone jack

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 59


Features

v Microphone jack
v 3 Universal Serial Bus (USB) connectors
v IEEE 1394 connector (on some models)
v RJ11 telephone connector
v RJ45 Ethernet connector
v Ultrabay Enhanced
v Ultrabay Slim
v Docking connector

Combination card slot for PC Card, ExpressCard, Smart Card or Flash


Media Card (depending on models)
v PC Card and ExpressCard
v PC Card and Smart Card
v PC Card and 4-in-1 digital media card reader

Optical drive
v CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Combo or Multi-Burner drive depending on the
model

Wireless features
v Integrated wireless LAN (on some models)
v Integrated Bluetooth (on some models)
v Integrated wireless WAN (on some models)

Digital media reader (on some models)


v 4-in-1 digital media slot

Authentication device
v Fingerprint reader (on some models)

Specifications
Size
14.1-inch screen model
v Width: 313.4 mm
v Depth: 255 mm
v Height: 27.5 to 32.4 mm
14.1-inch widescreen model
v Width: 335.5 mm
v Depth: 238 mm
v Height: 27.6 to 31.9 mm
15.4-inch widescreen model
v Width: 358.4 mm
v Depth: 255 mm

60 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Specifications

v Height: 29.8 to 34.5 mm

Environment
v Maximum altitude without pressurization: 3048 m (10,000 ft)
v Temperature
– At altitudes up to 2438 m (8000 ft)
- Operating: 5°C to 35°C (41°F to 95°F)
- Non-operating: 5°C to 43°C (41°F to 109°F)
– At altitudes above 2438 m (8000 ft)
- Maximum temperature when operating under the unpressurized
condition: 31.3°C (88° F)

Note: When you charge the battery pack, its temperature must be at least
10°C (50°F).
v Relative humidity:
– Operating: 8% to 80%
– Non-operating: 5% to 95%

Heat output
v 65 W (222 Btu/hr) maximum or 90 W (307 Btu/hr) maximum (depending
on the model)

Power source (ac adapter)


v Sine-wave input at 50 to 60 Hz
v Input rating of the ac adapter: 100-240 V ac, 50 to 60 Hz

Battery pack
14.1-inch widescreen model
v Lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery pack
– Nominal voltage: 10.8 or 14.4 V dc, depending on the model
– Capacity: 2.6 AH or 5.2 AH, depending on the model
14.1-inch screen and 15.4-inch widescreen model
v Lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery pack
– Nominal voltage: 10.8 V dc
– Capacity: 5.2 AH or 7.8 AH, depending on the model

Battery life
v For percentage of remaining battery power, see the Power Manager Gauge
on the task tray.

Operating system
v For operating systems supporting your computer, see http://
www.lenovo.com/think/support.

Appendix C. Features and Specifications 61


Specifications

62 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Appendix D. Notices

Notices
Lenovo may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this
document in all countries. Consult your local Lenovo representative for
information on the products and services currently available in your area. Any
reference to a Lenovo product, program, or service is not intended to state or
imply that only that Lenovo product, program, or service may be used. Any
functionally equivalent product, program, or service that does not infringe
any Lenovo intellectual property right may be used instead. However, it is the
user’s responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any other product,
program, or service.

Lenovo may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject


matter described in this document. The furnishing of this document does not
give you any license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, in
writing, to:
Lenovo (United States), Inc.
1009 Think Place - Building One
Morrisville, NC 27560
U.S.A.
Attention: Lenovo Director of Licensing

LENOVO PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY


OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT,
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some
jurisdictions do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in
certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to you.

This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.


Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will
be incorporated in new editions of the publication. Lenovo may make
improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s)
described in this publication at any time without notice.

The products described in this document are not intended for use in
implantation or other life support applications where malfunction may result
in injury or death to persons. The information contained in this document
does not affect or change Lenovo product specifications or warranties.
Nothing in this document shall operate as an express or implied license or
indemnity under the intellectual property rights of Lenovo or third parties. All

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 63


information contained in this document was obtained in specific environments
and is presented as an illustration. The result obtained in other operating
environments may vary.

Lenovo may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way
it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you.

Any references in this publication to non-Lenovo Web sites are provided for
convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those
Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of the materials for
this Lenovo product, and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.

Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled


environment. Therefore, the result obtained in other operating environments
may vary significantly. Some measurements may have been made on
development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements
will be the same on generally available systems. Furthermore, some
measurements may have been estimated through extrapolation. Actual results
may vary. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their
specific environment.

Electronic emissions notices


The following information refers to ThinkPad T61, machine type 8889, 8890,
8891, 8892, 8893, 8894, 8895, 8896, 8897, 8898, 8899, 8900, 8938, 1959, 7658,
7659, 7660, 7661, 7662, 7663, 7664, 7665, 6457, 6458, 6459, 6377, 6378, 6379,
6460, 6461, 6462, 6463, 6464, 6465, 6466, 6467, 6468 and 6471.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, used, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee the interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or
more of the following measures:
v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
v Consult an authorized dealer or service representative for help.

64 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order
to meet FCC emission limits. Proper cables and connectors are available from
Lenovo authorized dealers. Lenovo is not responsible for any radio or
television interference caused by using other than recommended cables or
connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment.
Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Responsible party:
Lenovo (United States) Incorporated
1009 Think Place - Building One
Morrisville, NC 27560
Telephone: 1-919-294-5900

Industry Canada Class B emission compliance statement


This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Avis de conformité à la réglementation d’Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
European Union EMC Directive conformance statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council
Directive 89/336/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to electromagnetic compatibility. Lenovo cannot accept responsibility
for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a
nonrecommended modification of the product, including the fitting of
non-Lenovo option cards.

This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B
Information Technology Equipment according to CISPR 22/European
Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical
residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference
with licensed communication devices.

Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order
to reduce the potential for causing interference to radio and TV

Appendix D. Notices 65
communications and to other electrical or electronic equipment. Such cables
and connectors are available from Lenovo authorized dealers. Lenovo cannot
accept responsibility for any interference caused by using other than
recommended cables and connectors.
Japanese VCCI Class B statement

EU WEEE Statements
The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) mark applies only to
countries within the European Union (EU) and Norway. Appliances are
labeled in accordance with European Directive 2002/96/EC concerning waste
electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). The Directive determines the
framework for the return and recycling of used appliances as applicable
throughout the European Union. This label is applied to various products to
indicate that the product is not to be thrown away, but rather reclaimed upon
end of life per this Directive.

Users of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) with the WEEE marking
per Annex IV of the WEEE Directive must not dispose of end of life EEE as
unsorted municipal waste, but use the collection framework available to them
for the return, recycle, recovery of WEEE and minimize any potential effects
of EEE on the environment and human health due to the presence of
hazardous substances. For additional WEEE information go to:
http://www.lenovo.com/lenovo/environment.

Notice for users in the U.S.A.


California Perchlorate Information:

Products containing CR (manganese dioxide) lithium coin cell batteries may


contain perchlorate.

Perchlorate Material — special handling may apply.


See http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate.

66 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


IBM Lotus Software Offer
About the offer for purchasers of ThinkPad computers with Windows XP:
As a qualifying purchaser of a ThinkPad computer with the Windows XP
operating system, you are receiving a single, limited license for the Lotus
Notes® “standalone” client and a single license for the Lotus® SmartSuite®
software. These licenses entitle you to install and use this software on your
new ThinkPad computer using one of the following options:

About the offer for purchasers of ThinkPad computers with Windows Vista:
As a qualifying purchaser of a ThinkPad computer with the Windows Vista
operating system, you are receiving a single, limited license for the Lotus
Notes “standalone” client. This license entitles you to install and use this
software on your new ThinkPad computer using one of the following options:
v Media for this software is not included in this offer. If you do not
already have the appropriate Lotus Notes Client or Lotus SmartSuite
software media, you can order a CD and install the software onto your
computer. For more information, see “To order a CD” on page 68.
v If you already have a licensed copy of the software, you are entitled to
make and use one additional copy of the software you have.

About IBM Lotus Notes: With your standalone, limited use Notes client, you
can integrate your most valuable messaging, collaborative and personal
information management (PIM) resources — like e-mail, calendar, to-do list —
allowing you to access them while connected to or disconnected from your
network. The standalone license does not include the right to access any IBM®
Lotus Domino® servers; however this standalone license may be upgraded to
a full Notes license at a reduced price. For more information visit
http://www.lotus.com/notes.

About IBM Lotus SmartSuite: Lotus SmartSuite contains powerful


applications with timesaving features that give you a head start on your work
and guide you through individual tasks.
v Lotus Word Pro® – Word Processor
v Lotus 1-2-3® – Spreadsheet
v Lotus Freelance Graphics® – Presentation Graphics
v Lotus Approach® – Database
v Lotus Organizer® – Time, Contact, and Information Manager
v Lotus FastSite® – Web Publisher
v Lotus SmartCenter – Internet Information Manager

Customer Support: For support information and phone numbers to help with
initial installation of software, visit http://www.lenovo.com/think/support.
To purchase technical support beyond this initial installation support, visit
http://www.lotus.com/passport.

Appendix D. Notices 67
International Program License Agreement: The software licensed to you
under this offer does not include software upgrades or technical support, and
is subject to the terms and conditions of the IBM International Program
License Agreement (IPLA) that accompanies the software. Your use of the
Lotus SmartSuite and Lotus Notes programs described in this offer constitutes
acceptance of the terms of this Offer and the IPLA. For further information
regarding the IBM IPLA, visit http://www.ibm.com/software/sla/sladb.nsf.
These programs are not for resale.

Proof of Entitlement: The proof of purchase for your qualifying ThinkPad


computer, as well as this Offer document, should be retained as your proof of
entitlement.

Purchasing Upgrades, Additional Licenses and Technical Support


Software upgrades and technical support are available for a fee through IBM’s
Passport Advantage® Program. For information about purchasing additional
licenses for Notes, SmartSuite, or other Lotus products, visit
http://www.ibm.com or http://www.lotus.com/passport.

To order a CD:

Important: Pursuant to this Offer, you may order one CD media per license.
You will need to provide the 7 digit serial number of the new ThinkPad
computer that you purchased. The CD is provided at no charge; however,
applicable shipping, duties and taxes may be imposed by local jurisdictions.
Please allow 10 to 20 business days from receipt of your request for delivery.
–In U. S. Or Canada:
Call 800-690-3899
–In Latin American Countries:
Via the Internet: http://smartsuite.modusmedia.com
Mail address:
IBM - Lotus Notes and SmartSuite Program
Modus Media International
501 Innovation Avenue
Morrisville, NC, USA 27560
Fax: 919-405-4495
To inquire about an order, contact:
smartsuite_ibm@modusmedia.com
–In European Countries:
Via the Internet: http://ibm-apel.modus.com/
Mail address:
Lotus Fulfillment, ModusLink Kft. 1222 Budapest,
Nagytetenyi ut 112
Hungary
To inquire about an order, contact:
ibm_smartsuite@modusmedia.com

68 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


–In Asia Pacific Countries:
Via the Internet: http://smartsuite.modusmedia.com
Mail address:
IBM - Lotus Notes and SmartSuite Program
Modus Media International
eFulfillment Solution Center
750 Chai Chee Road
#03-10/14, Technopark at Chai Chee,
Singapore 469000
Fax: +65 6448 5830
To inquire about an order, contact:
Smartsuiteapac@modusmedia.com

Trademarks
The following terms are trademarks of Lenovo in the United States, other
countries, or both:
Lenovo
ThinkPad
PS/2
Rescue and Recovery
ThinkVantage
ThinkLight
TrackPoint
Ultrabay
Ultrabay Enhanced
UltraNav

The following terms are trademarks of International Business Machines


Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both:
IBM (used under license)
Lotus
1-2-3
Approach
Domino
Lotus FastSite
Freelance Graphics
Lotus Notes
Notes
Lotus Organizer
SmartSuite
Word Pro
Passport Advantage

Microsoft, Windows and Windows Vista are trademarks of Microsoft


Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.

Appendix D. Notices 69
Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service
marks of others.

70 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Index
fingerprint reader (continued) problems
A care 7 battery 24
Access Help 1
problems 26 computer screen 21
B frequently asked questions 10 diagnosing 11
fingerprint reader 26
battery
problems 24
H hard disk drive 25
hard disk drive hibernation mode 20
replacing 31
problem 25 keyboard 19
Be careful about using your
upgrading 33 password 19
computer 3
hardware features 10 pointing device 20
Be gentle with your computer 4
hardware specifications 10 power management 20
BIOS Setup Utility 27
help sleep mode 20
C Customer Support Center
on the Web 45
45 startup 26
carrying the computer 4 troubleshooting 13
cleaning help and service 45 Productivity Center 1
computer cover 6 hibernation mode
computer display 7 problems 20 R
keyboard 6 Read this first v
computer cover
I recovering data 30
important tips 3 recovery discs 10
cleaning 6
installing an operating system 11 recovery options 29
computer display
International Warranty Service 47 Regulatory Notice 1
cleaning 7
replacing
computer screen
problems 21
K battery 31
keyboard memory 37
configuration setup 27 cleaning 6 Rescue and Recovery 29
Customer Replaceable Unit (CRU) problems 19
parts list 57 restoring factory contents 29
Customer Support Center 11, 45, 47 M S
memory
D replacing 37
Safety and Warranty Guide
safety precautions 10
1
diagnosing miscellaneous problems 27
hard disk drive 11 Setup Instructions 1
sleep mode
system 12 N problems 20
diagnosing problems 11 notice
drives solving problems 9
EU environmental 66 specifications 60
handling 5 for US users 66 startup problem 26
notices 63
E storage media
handling 5
error messages 13 P
errors without messages 18 password T
problems 19
F setting 5
taking care of your computer 3
factory contents ThinkVantage button 2
PC-Doctor for Windows 11 tips, important 3
restoring 29
pointing device problems 20 trademarks 69
FCC statement 64
power management troubleshooting 13
features 59
problems 20
features and specifications 59
finding information 1
preventing problems 10 U
problem solving 10 upgrading
fingerprint reader 60
devices 10

© Copyright Lenovo 2007 71


upgrading (continued)
hard disk drive 33

W
warranty information 11, 53
Web
help 45

72 ThinkPad® T61 Service and Troubleshooting Guide


Part Number: 42X3595

Printed in China

(1P) P/N: 42X3595