You are on page 1of 45

KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA

HURAIAN SUKATAN PELAJARAN


KURIKULUM BERSEPADU SEKOLAH RENDAH

BAHASA INGGERIS
TAHUN 6 SJK

2004
CONTENTS

PAGE

1. RUKUN NEGARA v.

2. FALSAFAH PENDIDIKAN NEGARA vii.

3. KATA PENGANTAR ix.

4. INTRODUCTION 1

5. OBJECTIVES 7

6. THEMES AND TOPICS 8

7. LEARNING OUTCOMES AND SPECIFICATIONS

1.0 Skill of Listening 9

2.0 Skill of Speaking 14

3.0 Skill of Reading 19

4.0 Skill of Writing 24

8. (a) GRAMMAR 27
(b) Sentence patterns 31

9. SOUND SYSTEM 33

10. WORD LIST 37

iii
RUKUN NEGARA

BAHAWASANYA negara kita Malaysia mendukung cita-cita hendak mencapai perpaduan


yang lebih erat di kalangan seluruh masyarakatnya; memelihara satu cara hidup
demokratik; mencipta masyarakat yang adil di mana kemakmuran negara akan dapat
dinikmati bersama secara adil dan saksama; menjamin satu cara yang liberal terhadap
tradisi-tradisi kebudayaan yang kaya dan berbagai-bagai corak; membina satu
masyarakat progresif yang akan menggunakan sains dan teknologi moden;

MAKA KAMI, rakyat Malaysia, berikrar akan menumpukan seluruh tenaga dan usaha
kami untuk mencapai cita-cita tersebut berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip berikut :

KEPERCAYAAN KEPADA TUHAN

KESETIAAN KEPADA RAJA DAN NEGARA

KELUHURAN PERLEMBAGAAN

KEDAULATAN UNDANG-UNDANG

KESOPANAN DAN KESUSILAAN

v
FALSAFAH PENDIDIKAN KEBANGSAAN

Pendidikan di Malaysia adalah suatu usaha berterusan ke arah


memperkembangkan lagi potensi individu secara menyeluruh dan
bersepadu untuk mewujudkan insan yang seimbang dan harmonis dari
segi intelek, rohani, emosi dan jasmani berdasarkan kepercayaan kepada
Tuhan. Usaha ini adalah bagi melahirkan rakyat Malaysia yang berilmu
pengetahuan, berketrampilan, berakhlak mulia, bertanggungjawab dan
berkeupayaan mencapai kesejahteraan diri serta memberi sumbangan
terhadap keharmonian dan kemakmuran masyarakat dan negara.

vii
Kata Pengantar

Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran ialah dokumen yang memperincikan Kandungan Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran Tahun Enam
Sukatan Pelajaran yang bertujuan untuk memenuhi cita-cita murni menggariskan hasil pembelajaran yang perlu dikuasai oleh murid.
dan semangat Falsafah Pendidikan Kebangsaan, dan menyediakan Pernyataan dalam Huraian Hasil Pembelajaran memberikan
murid menghadapi arus globalisasi serta ekonomi berasaskan cabaran yang sesuai dengan murid pada tahap tertinggi dalam
pengetahuan pada abad ke-21. pendidikan sekolah rendah. Huraian ini seharusnya dapat
membantu guru merancang dan melaksanakan pengajaran dan
Dokumen ini menyarankan strategi pengajaran dan pembelajaran pembelajaran yang berkesan.
yang merangkumi pelbagai aktiviti dan penggunaan sumber. Guru
digalakkan menggunakan kreativiti untuk memilih, menyusun dan Dalam menyediakan Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran yang disemak
mengolah aktiviti mengikut kesesuaian murid. Huraian ini semula ini banyak pihak yang terlibat terutama guru, pensyarah
diharapkan dapat membantu guru merancang dan melaksanakan maktab dan universiti, pegawai Kementerian Pendidikan, dan
pengajaran dan pembelajaran secara berkesan. individu yang mewakili badan-badan tertentu.

Dalam melakukan aktiviti pengajaran dan pembelajaran, guru Kepada semua pihak yang telah memberikan sumbangan
diharapkan dapat memberikan penekanan pada unsur bernilai kepakaran, masa, dan tenaga sehingga terhasilnya Huraian
tambah, iaitu kemahiran berfikir, kemahiran teknologi maklumat dan Sukatan Pelajaran ini, Kementerian Pendidikan merakamkan
komunikasi, kemahiran belajar cara belajar, kajian masa depan, setinggi-tinggi penghargaan dan ucapan terima kasih.
kecerdasan pelbagai, pembelajaran kontekstual, dan pembelajaran
konstruktivisme. Di samping itu, nilai murni dan semangat patriotik
dan kewarganegaraan tetap diutamakan. Semua elemen ini
diharapkan dapat memberikan keyakinan kepada murid dan boleh
diaplikasikan dalam kehidupan harian dan dunia pekerjaan.

Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran ini menjelaskan hasil pembelajaran


yang perlu dikuasai oleh murid berasaskan pendekatan masteri.
Hasil pembelajaran tersebut dinyatakan secara eksplisit mengikut (Dr. SHARIFAH MAIMUNAH BT. SYED ZIN)
tahap kesukaran isi kandungan dan tahap keupayaan murid. Hasil Pengarah
pembelajaran diperingkatkan kepada tiga aras, iaitu Aras 1 (aras Pusat Perkembangan Kurikulum
asas), Aras 2 (aras sederhana), dan Aras 3 (aras cemerlang). Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

ix
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

INTRODUCTION ii) speak and respond clearly and appropriately in common


everyday situations using simple language;
English is taught as a second language in all Malaysian primary and iii) to read and understand different kinds of texts (from print and
secondary schools in the country. electronic sources) for enjoyment and information;
iv) write (including e-mail) for different purposes using simple
The terminal goal of the English language curriculum for schools is language; and
to help learners acquire the language so that they can use it in their v) show an awareness and appreciation of moral values and
everyday life, to further their studies, and for work purposes. love towards the nation.
English is important, as with globalization, Malaysians will need to
be proficient in the language and to communicate with people in
other countries. The use of English in Information and THE SYLLABUS
Communications Technology (ICT) has also been incorporated into
the curriculum to enable learners to access knowledge on the The English language syllabus at the primary school level specifies
Internet and to network with people both locally and overseas. what is to be taught from Year 1 SJK through to Year 6 SJK. It
comprises the four language skills of listening, speaking, reading,
and writing as well as the language contents. The language
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE contents are the sound system, grammar and vocabulary.
SYLLABUS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL
Several teaching contexts have been suggested through which the
The English language syllabus for primary school aims to equip language skills and language content are to be taught.
pupils with skills and provide a basic understanding of the English
language so that they are able to communicate, both orally and in
writing, in and out of school. 1 CURRICULUM SPECIFICATIONS

By the end of primary school, learners should be able to: Curriculum specifications for the English language syllabus have
been prepared as separate documents for each year of the primary
i) listen to and understand simple spoken English to be able to school and these are known as ‘Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran’. Each
function in common everyday situations; document serves as a guide to teachers with regard to the skills to
be acquired by learners, the content or topic that is to be dealt with,
and the vocabulary and grammar items that pupils must know in
1
Please note that the introductory part of this Curriculum Specifications order for them to use the language.
document for Year 6 SJK describes the English language programme from
Year 1 SJK to Year 6 SJK as a whole.

1
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

This document is the Curriculum Specifications for Year 6 SJK. It Language Skills
covers language skills, the sound system, grammar and word list.
The contents of the Curriculum Specifications are set out in three A close link with the skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing
columns. is maintained. Vocabulary and sentence patterns introduced in the
oral component also need to be taught and used by pupils in
™ The first column is the LEARNING OUTCOMES column. reading and writing. Grammar items taught and learnt must be
These are skills and attitudes to be acquired by pupils and applied both to oral work and writing exercises.
are drawn from the syllabus.
Learning Content
™ The second column is the SPECIFICATIONS column. Here,
the larger Learning Outcomes are broken down into In teaching English to pupils, specified contexts are used to make
manageable skills and sub-skills for teaching and learning. lessons meaningful. Some themes have been identified to help
These specifications represent important aspects of the teachers decide upon their own topics that are suitable for their
learning outcomes to be acquired in Year 6 SJK. class.

To help teachers further, these specifications have been When planning lessons, topics for teaching are initially based on the
categorized into 3 levels ranging from the more basic to the immediate learning environment of the child. Later on, these are
more advanced. Level 1 outlines the basic skills to be expanded to town, country and more distant foreign locations.
achieved by all learners. On completing their tasks
successfully, learners then progress to Level 2, and then to
Level 3. The Spoken Language

™ The third column is entitled EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / In teaching children the sounds of English, the aim is for them to be
NOTES. These notes are directed at teachers and they understood by others. As such, teachers should ensure that
include explanations, teaching points and examples of learners produce the sounds of English well and pronounce words
activities to help pupils achieve the skill specifications. clearly with the correct stress and intonation so as to enable the
listener to understand what is being said.

To this end, specific sounds such as blends and diphthongs have


been identified for teaching. These sounds can be found in the
section entitled Sound System. The objective of this exercise is to
aim for clear speech and intelligibility.

2
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

Grammar Learner-Centredness

Grammar items and sentence patterns have been selected from the The learner is at the centre of the learning process. Teaching
list provided in the English Language syllabus to help pupils master approaches, lessons and curriculum materials for learning must be
the structures of English. Teachers are advised to limit the number adjusted to suit the differing needs and abilities of pupils. It is
of structures used in any one lesson to ensure that learners master important that appropriate activities and materials are used with
the structures well. Teaching too many structures may not be pupils of different learning profiles so that their full potential can be
advisable for weak learners as these may only serve to confuse realized.
them.
Integration
Word List
The curriculum adopts an integrated approach. For example, a
The list of words selected for teaching is based on a sample of the particular lesson may begin with a story about the daily happenings
more common words and high frequency words and can be used around a family. The teacher can take off from the reading to teach
and recycled in different contexts and topics. The suggested word social expressions as found in these stories. Teachers can also use
list can be widened if pupils demonstrate that they are capable of everyday situations to teach expressions such as “Please come in
receiving more. I’ll get my mother.” These statements can be used later in writing or
speaking exercises when the teacher gets pupils to speak or write
about life at home or about their friends.
IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS FOR TEACHING
In addition, moral values should also be infused in lessons through
The following considerations should be taken into account in the selection of appropriate materials and activities. Elements of
teaching the curriculum specifications. patriotism, environmental education, study of the local environment
and health education should also be integrated in lessons.
Planning and Organisation of Lessons
Repetition, Reinforcement and Consolidation
Keeping in mind the time allocated for teaching the English
language in SJK schools, these specifications must be reorganized Language skills, vocabulary, grammar items and the sound system
in a manageable form for teaching. Whatever context is used, the must be repeated often and used constantly to maximise learning.
skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing have to be Teachers should set a variety of tasks that will enable pupils to use
integrated in a natural manner.

3
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

the specific skills often so that they gradually develop the ability, EDUCATIONAL EMPHASES
knowledge and confidence to use the language effectively.
Educational emphases given below outline current developments in
Teaching-Learning Activities education that will help learners prepare for the world of work
eventually as well as social life. In this respect, the incorporation of
In order to help pupils learn the language, pupils must be given moral education, citizenship education, patriotism and thinking skills
every opportunity to take part in activities that require them to use in the specifications will contribute towards the building of a modern
the language taught. Some activities have been suggested in this and progressive Malaysian society.
document. However, teachers are encouraged to set more creative
and challenging tasks and activities based on the needs and Thinking Skills
interests of their pupils.
Critical and creative thinking skills are incorporated in the learning
Evaluation outcomes to enable learners to understand information, make
decisions, solve problems, and express themselves accurately and
Evaluation is part and parcel of the teaching-learning process. creatively in the target language.
Continuous formative evaluation provides important feedback of
learners’ progress. This will enable teachers to plan activities for Learning How to Learn Skills
further development or remedial work.
Learning How to Learn skills are also integrated with the learning
Other considerations outcomes and aim to enable learners to take responsibility for their
own learning. These skills incorporate information skills, library
As far as possible, teachers should use the Malaysian setting when skills and study skills to enable learners to access sources of
planning lessons. Teachers should also use materials that information more efficiently and help them become independent life-
emphasize the principles of good citizenship, moral values, and the long learners.
Malaysian way of life.
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Skills
The Curriculum Specifications makes only a few suggestions as to
the number of activities required for the attainment of language In line with globalization and the ICT Age, skills relating to ICT are
skills. Teachers need to use their initiative, imagination and incorporated in the learning outcomes. These skills have been
creativity to extend the experiences of their pupils. added to cater for schools that have ICT facilities. Schools that do
not have ICT facilities are not obliged to teach these skills. These
skills include the use of multimedia resources such as TV

4
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

documentaries and Internet resources as well as the utilization of activities and project work. Whenever the opportunity presents
computer-related activities such as e-mail activities, networking and itself, learners are encouraged to meet with people outside of the
interacting with electronic courseware. classroom so that they learn to operate in real-life situations.

Values and Citizenship


TEACHING-LEARNING STRATEGIES FOR YEAR 6 SJK
The values contained in the secondary Moral Education syllabus
have been incorporated in the learning outcomes and include The English Language programme for Year 6 SJK focuses on the
patriotism and good citizenship. four skills, namely Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing. The
Year 6 SJK programme focuses on improving literacy in the English
Multiple Intelligences language. Also important is vocabulary control and simple
functional uses of language in everyday life.
The learning outcomes also reflect the incorporation of the theory of
Multiple Intelligences. This is illustrated, for example, in the use of Listening
interpersonal skills in social interaction, the application of
kinaesthetic intelligence in the dramatisation of texts, and spatial Listening is an important skill as what learners hear often becomes
intelligence in the interpretation of maps. one of the main sources of the target language to be learnt.

Knowledge Acquisition In order to develop pupils’ listening skill, teachers should make
pupils listen to songs, rhymes, and stories. To show their
Learning outcomes utilise subject matter disciplines such as understanding of what they have heard, pupils can be asked to
science and geography, and incorporate educational emphases answer questions that require them to recall ideas, give details and
such as environmental studies and consumerism to provide even talk about the ideas heard.
contexts for language use.
Oral Work
Preparation for the Real World
Pupils should be given lots of opportunities to talk in class so that
The learning outcomes prepare learners to meet the challenges of they gain confidence to speak in the language. Opportunities should
the real world by focusing on language use in society. To some be given to pupils to role-play, participate in drama activities that
extent this is achieved through structuring the curriculum in terms of make them use the language suitable for the role or situation. In this
the Interpersonal, Informational and Aesthetic uses of language. It respect, pair and group work activities allow for all pupils to engage
is also achieved by making use of real-life issues for classroom in speaking activities at the same time. Pupils should also be

5
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

encouraged to talk in English to other pupils and teachers in the This document only lists a number of essential activities for the
school. attainment of the English language. Teachers need to use their
initiative, imagination and creativity to extend their experiences of
Reading the learners, to reinforce what has been learnt to create challenging
language tasks for their learners.
Schools are encouraged to stock a range of reading material
suitable for all levels of learners. At this stage, pupils should be
reading fiction as well as non-fiction written for children. Pupils
should be taught to read with understanding and enjoyment,
building on what they already know. They should also be taught to
get the meaning of the whole text as well as learn to use various
clues, including an understanding of grammatical structure, to get
the meaning of words and phrases.

Writing

At this stage, pupils should be writing simple paragraphs of several


sentences each. To make writing enjoyable, pupils should be given
opportunities to write in response to a variety of stimuli including
stories, classroom activities and personal experiences. At this
stage, pupils should be encouraged to write independently but
when this is not possible, teachers need to set guided writing
exercises relaxing the amount of control gradually as pupils show
greater confidence.

6
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

OBJECTIVES FOR YEAR 6 SJK

By the end of Year 6 SJK, learners should be able to:

• talk a little about how proud they are of their family, friends and of themselves;

• chant jazz chants, recite simple poems and tell simple stories;

• give simple instructions and directions as well as follow simple instructions and directions;

• ask questions for information and answer simple questions;

• read and understand simple texts;

• read and understand simple stories and give one’s opinion on the story;

• write simple messages, letters, descriptions, and recounts; and

• show an awareness of moral values and love towards the nation.

7
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

CONTEXTS FOR TEACHING

The suggested themes for teaching in Year 6 SJK are A word list of the more common words in the English
listed below. These are broad areas from which topics language has been provided and teachers are to use
can be drawn for activities and comprehension texts so the words from this list to teach the topics. These words
that learners can read, talk, and write. When explaining can be recycled and used in different contexts and
these contexts in greater detail, teachers should have in topics. Where necessary, a limited number of words
mind the language level and ability of their learners. In can be added in order to deal with the context or topic
addition, moral values and socio-cultural rules also form meaningfully.
an important part of the content for classroom activities.

1. World of Self, Family and Friends : Feeling proud of oneself, one’s family and one’s friends.
(feelings of self-esteem)

2. World of Stories : Life stories about people


(e.g. famous people or well-known people in the town
or country)

3. World of Knowledge : Nature: saving the plants and animals

Historical places and landmarks in the country

8
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND SPECIFICATIONS

The Learning Outcomes have been taken from the syllabus in column (called Specifications) when planning lessons for the
its original form. They are the skills to be achieved by the end year. In this column, the learning outcomes are broken down
of Year 6. Teachers, however, should be guided by the second into smaller skills to be achieved by pupils in Year 6 SJK.

1.0 LISTENING

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

Level 1 • See Sound System at the back of the


By the end of their primary 1.1.1 Listen to and repeat words that document.
schooling, pupils should be able to: contain the following sounds: • Activities include:
- listening to the teacher and repeating
1.1 Listen to and discriminate similar i. short and long the sounds.
and different sounds of the English vowel sounds
language. ii. double consonants - listening to and repeating correctly
iii. diphthongs words that contain a particular sound
iv. silent letters e.g. pen, pan; den, Dan
v. initial blends
vi. final blends - listening to and repeating jazz chants
vii voiced and and tongue twisters that contain words
voiceless ‘th’ with these sounds.
vii contractions e.g. ‘th’ as in ‘thing’, ‘th’ as in ‘the’.

Levels 2 and 3 • Activities include underlining beginning,


1.1.2 Listen to and group words middle or ending sounds that have the
according to the same beginning, same sound and spelt the same.
middle or ending sounds. e.g. thumb, bomb (silent ‘b’)

9
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

1.2 Listen to and repeat accurately the Level 1 • e.g. repeating the pronunciation of
correct pronunciation of words, and 1.2.1 Listen to and repeat the im/ por/ tant ; his/to/rical
the correct intonation and word pronunciation of 3- and 4- syllable
stress in phrases, expressions, and words with the correct
sentences. pronunciation, stress and intonation

Level 2 • For example, repeating formulaic


1.2.2 Listen to and repeat correctly expressions.
phrases and expressions. e.g. “Please come in.”
“I’ll get my mother.”

Level 3
1.2.3 Listen to and repeat simple chants, • Repeating longer texts. For example,
rhymes and poems with the correct pronouncing words correctly and saying
pronunciation, stress and intonation. them with the correct stress and
intonation while chanting jazz chants.

1.3 Acquire vocabulary and Level 1 • Activities include:


understand the meaning of 1.3.1 Listen and learn key words and - listening to a news item
words and phrases in context. phrases heard in stories, and underlining the key words:
announcements, etc. e.g. plane – crash – pilot - escaped –
engine trouble

1.3.2 Listen to and understand cardinal • Activities include listening to and


numbers. Scope: 50 – 70 shading the correct houses in a simple
road map.

10
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

Level 2
1.3.3 Listen to and understand • Activities include matching pictures to
collective nouns. words
e.g. flock of sheep, herd of cows.

1.3.4 Listen to and understand • Activities include carrying out simple


information based on cardinal mathematical tasks in a game.
numbers: e.g. checking the addition in a receipt
Scope: 71 - 100 especially a handwritten one in a wet
- numbers in hundreds: market.
100 to 1000
- when the numbers are added, • Practice rhymes on numbers.
subtracted, multiplied, divided
and refuted.
Level 3
1.3.5 Listen to and understand ordinal • Use dates and positions in a race to
numbers: Scope: eleventh – teach ordinals.
thirty-first (11th – 31st )

1.4 Listen to and follow simple Level 1


instructions and directions 1.4.1 Listen to and follow simple • Activities include following instructions
accurately. instructions on how to complete on how to keep a vocabulary book,
a given task. clean an ornament, open a packet of
marbles carefully without letting the
marbles drop.

11
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

Levels 2 & 3
1.4.2 Listen to and follow simple • Activities include role-playing:
routes to buildings and landmarks e.g. receiving directions over the phone
in town. on how to go to a particular building.

1.5 Obtain information from texts Level 1 • Example: listening to simple telephone
listened to in relation to main 1.5.1 Listen to simple messages and messages and passing on the message.
ideas, specific details, sequence, announcements and answer ‘Wh’ • Example: listening to school
and cause-effect relationships. questions. announcements on safety measures,
e.g. telling pupils to stay in the school
compound if their school bus or parents
are late.

Level 2
1.5.2 Listen to simple descriptions and • Activities include:
recounts and give the main ideas - answering questions
and supporting details. - marking a checklist
- labelling a diagram
Level 3
1.5.3 Listen to simple news reports and
factual texts and give the main
ideas and supporting details.

12
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

1.6 Listen to and enjoy the rhyme, All levels


rhythm, and sounds of poetry, jazz 1.6.1 Listen to and enjoy children’s • Provide a variety of songs, rhymes,
chants and songs. songs, rhymes and poems and jazz chants for enjoyment.
Jazz chants. Choose according to topics listed.

1.7 Listen to and enjoy stories, fables Level 1


and other tales of imagination and 1.7.1 Listen to stories and legends and • Questions can be based on places in
fantasy and predict outcomes, and answer simple questions. the story, actions of characters, etc
draw conclusions at a level suited e.g. Name the people in the story.
to the pupil’s ability.
Level 2
1.7.2 Listen to stories and legends and • Activities include
give the sequence of events. - asking and responding to questions
- marking events on a time-line.

Level 3
1.7.3 Listen to stories and legends and • Activities include telling a story up to an
tell what happens next. interesting point and then getting pupils
to tell what happens next.

1.7.4 Listen to stories and legends and • Pupils tell each other as to why they like
tell why one likes or dislikes the or dislike the story because of the story
story. line, or because of a certain character.

13
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

2.0 SPEAKING

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

By the end of their primary Level 1


schooling, pupils should be able to: 2.1.1 Repeat words that contain the
following sounds. • See the Sound System at the back of
2.1 Speak clearly by pronouncing this document.
words accurately and speaking
i. short and long
with the correct stress, intonation • Example of a double consonant:
and sentence rhythm. vowel sounds
parrot, carrot
ii. double consonants
iii. diphthongs
• Example of a silent letter:
iv. silent letters
two, answer
v. initial blends
vi. final blends
.
vii voiced and
voiceless ‘th’
Viii contractions

2.1.2 Pronounce 3- and 4-syllable words • Activities include:


correctly. repeating after the teacher the
pronunciation of 3- and 4-syllable
words.
e.g. im/por/tant his/to/ri/cal
* Note the stress.
Level 2
2.1.3 Say aloud phrases and • Repeating formulaic expressions
expressions with the correct stress e.g. “Please hold on.”
and intonation. “You are welcome.”
2.1.4 Ask questions with the correct • Make pupils aware of rising
intonation. intonation at the end of questions.

14
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES


Level 1
2.2 Ask questions politely to 2.2.1 Ask questions to seek information. • Teach other question forms:
obtain information and e.g. Are there… Is there…?
clarification. Is it….?
Does it …? Do they …?
Do you?

Levels 2 & 3
2.2.2 Ask questions to seek information • e.g. Are you sure?
and clarification.

2.3 Give relevant information politely in Level 1


response to enquiries made: 2.3.1 Respond to simple questions: • e.g. A: What is that building?
to identify, to refute, to make by identifying persons, things, B: It’s the library.
comparisons, to state. places, buildings, etc.

2.3.2 To refute statements. • e.g. “That building is not number 50!


It’s number 58.”

Level 2
2.3.3 Talk about things related to: • e.g. use positions of buildings to
cardinal numbers: 50 - 100 teach numbers.
ordinal numbers: 11th – 31st

Level 3
2.3.4 Make comparisons. • e.g. of things, buildings, etc.
“That building is newer!”
• Use -er, taller than , and -est forms.

15
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

2.4 Make and receive telephone calls Level 1


politely. 2.4.1 To make a telephone call for a • Teach polite forms.
purpose. • Set various situations, for example
calling a friend to find out why he did
not come to school that day.
Levels 2 & 3
2.4.2 To receive a telephone call and • Role-play situations. Teach
understand the message. expressions such as “Pease hold on”,
“I’m sorry he’s not in. Can I take a
message?” etc.

2.5 Convey a simple message All levels


accurately. 2.5.1 To take short messages and relay • Activities include role-playing
the messages to friends and family telephone conversations.
members. Teach simple indirect speech.
e.g. “Rani said to wait for her.”

Level 1
2.6 Tell stories based on pictures and 2.6.1 Recite simple poems and chant • Activities include getting pupils to
other stimuli, and recite poems. jazz chants with expression and recite in loud and soft tones with
appropriate gestures. facial expression.

Level 2
2.6.2 Complete parts of a story heard.

Level 3
2.6.3 Continue a story being told. • These stories can be told with or
without picture stimulus.
2.6.4 Retell simple stories heard or read • Encourage pupils to use their
by changing voice to indicate imagination.
narrator and character.

16
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

2.7 Talk about the people, places and Level 1


moral values of the stories heard, 2.7.1 Name the good and bad characters • Pupils must give reasons and talk a
read and viewed in simple and tell why they are good or bad. little about the characters.
language.
Level 2
2.7.2 Talk about the places in the story. • Encourage pupils to pick out words
showing the place or location of the
story. Also use illustrations as an aid.
2.7.3 Talk about the events in a story.
• Get pupils to write out the events on
a time line and then talk about the
events.
Level 3
2.7.4 Talk about the values in the stories.
• e.g. “Do you think that what he did
was right or wrong? Why?”

2.8 Express thoughts and feelings Level 1


and give opinions on things read, 2.8.1 State whether one likes or does not • Encourage opinions from every child.
seen, heard and viewed in simple like the story and give reasons.
language.
Levels 2 & 3
2.8.2 Relate the story to one’s life • Get pupils to discuss if the story
reminds them of anyone – their
neighbours? their friends?

17
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

2.9 Perform a variety of functions in a Level 1


social context. 2.9.1 To volunteer. • e.g. “Teacher, I can do it.”

2.9.2 To show appreciation. • e.g. “Thank you, Maria.”

Level 2
2.9.3 To express happiness. • e.g. “I’m so happy.”

2.9.4 To encourage. • e.g. “Try again, Ming Wah.


You can do it.”
Level 3
2.9.5 To show concern. • e.g. “Are you all right, Priya?”

18
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

3.0 READING

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

By the end of their primary Level 1


schooling, pupils should be able to: 3.1.1 Look at letters and say aloud the
following sounds:
3.1 Acquire word recognition and Lev • See Sound System at the back of the
word attack skills to recognise 3.1.1 Looki. at letters
short and
and long
say aloud document.
words on sight. vowel sounds
ii. double consonants
iii. diphthongs
iv. silent letters
v. initial blends
vi. final blends
vii voiced and
voiceless ‘th’
viii Contractions

Level 2
3.1.2 Read aloud words with the sounds • Get pupils to read aloud nonsense
listed in 3.1.1 above. sentences and rhymes that are
created to contain the intended
sounds.
Level 3
3.1.3 Read and group words according • Get pupils to pronounce the words
to beginning, medial or final sounds. before grouping them. Gradually,
they learn to associate letter and
sound.

19
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

3.2 Acquire key words at various Level 1


stages of development. 3.2.1 Read and learn the meaning of key • Distinguish between content words
words of each text. and high frequency words.
(For example for the topic CACTUS,
high frequency words are which,
that, the, a, water, rain, no) and
content words are thorns, stems, ribs,
shade, desert).
Level 2
3.2.2 Learn cardinal numbers (50- 100) • Pupils should be able to write out the
and ordinal numbers (1st – 31st) in ordinal numbers in numeral and word
number and word form. form. For example, 18th and
eighteenth. Get pupils to read these
numbers in a text. Draw attention to
the numbers that end in ‘st’, ‘rd’, ‘th’.

Level 3
3.2.3 Read and learn words with • e.g. dislike, unkind, rewrite;
prefixes and suffixes. waiter, softly

3.3 Read and understand phrases, Level 1


sentences, paragraphs and whole 3.3.1 Read and understand phrases by • e.g. the tall healthy plant
texts. matching phrases to pictures. the short yellow plant
Note the double adjectives used.
Level 2
3.3.2 Read and understand simple and
compound sentences by • e.g. Mr Chin…. The man ….
interpreting pronoun forms. He …..

20
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

Level 3
3.3.3 Read and understand simple • Guide pupils where necessary.
paragraphs by:
- answering comprehension
questions
- completing info transfer diagrams.

3.4 Read aloud expressively and All levels


fluently pronouncing words 3.4.1 Read aloud poems and sentences • Activities include group recitations,
correctly and observing correct correctly, observing correct stress dramatizations.
stress and intonation and sentence and intonation and sentence rhythm.
rhythm.

3.5 Read and understand the All levels


meanings of words by guessing 3.5.1 Understand the meaning of words • Teach children to look forward into
their meaning through the use of by looking at the context. the text or to look back in the text.
contextual clues.

3.6 Acquire a wide range of Level 1


vocabulary. 3.6.1 Make small words from big words. • e.g. building = build, bud, bid, lid

3.6.2 Give words similar in meaning. • e.g. saw - looked

3.6.3 Give words opposite in meaning. • e.g. careful - careless

3.6.4 Read and distinguish homographs. • e.g. watch them; a new watch

3.6.5 Read and distinguish homophones • e.g. sea see

21
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

Level 2
3.6.6 State collective nouns. • e.g. flock of birds, herd of cows

3.6.7 Use words to show comparison. • e.g. happier…happiest … most ….

Level 3
3.6.8 Understand simple similes and
proverbs. • e.g. proud as a peacock,
Honesty is the best policy.
See vocabulary section for more
examples.
All levels
3.7 Use the dictionary to get the 3.7.1 Locate the required word in the
appropriate meaning of the word. dictionary and choose the best
meaning.

Level 1
3.8 Read and understand simple 3.8.1 Read and understand different
factual texts for main ideas, texts such as instructions, • Discuss the content of these texts.
supporting details, sequence, and directions, messages, letters,
cause and effect relationships. passages, recounts, descriptions.

3.8.2 Scan for specific information in • Looking over the text quickly to
texts. locate the name of place, or for the
number of people.
Level 2
3.8.3 Read and understand simple factual • e.g. What was the invention called?
texts by answering comprehension Who discovered it?
questions related to:
- main ideas
- details.

22
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

Level 3
3.8.4 Read and understand cause and • e.g. The girl felt sad because she
effect relationships. lost her purse.

3.9 Read and enjoy simple poems Level 1


and stories and respond to them 3.9.1 Read and give details about the
by predicting outcomes. people and animals in the story.

Level 2
3.9.2 Read and talk about the actions of
people and animals in a story read • e.g. State what the characters did,
and the sequence of actions. How they did it, When …, etc..

Level 3
3.9.3 Read and tell what happens next. • Get pupils to tell what happens next
or to give the ending of the story.
3.9.4 Relate the people and events in the
story to one's life. • Get pupils to give examples from
their own life.

3.10 Read and enjoy simple poems All Levels • Encourage pupils to tell what
and stories and make inferences 3.10 Read and tell what one has learnt lessons they have learnt from the
and draw obvious conclusions. from the story. story.
• e.g. Keeping a Reading Record
3.11 Read widely and All levels
Name: ________________
independently. 3.11 Read according to one’s interest and
Title of Book: ________________
keep a reading record. Date borrowed : ________________
Date returned : ________________
What the book is about : This book tells
us about animals. ….

23
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

4.0 WRITING

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

By the end of their primary schooling, All levels


pupils should be able to: 4.1.1 Write words, phrases and sentences
in clear, legible cursive writing.

4.1 Write at word, phrase, sentence 4.1.2 Write clearly and legibly in print, • e.g.
and paragraph level in clear, legible for captions, labels, maps, NATIONAL MUSEUM
print and cursive writing. diagrams, etc. and towns in
maps and pictures.

4.1.3 Write clearly and legibly numerals • e.g. 70 = seventy.


50 – 100 in both number and word
forms using cursive writing.

Level 1
4.2 Complete texts with the missing 4.2.1 Complete simple instructions, • Give words in a box from which pupils
word, phrase or sentence. messages, letters, recounts, can choose the most appropriate word.
descriptions, rhymes with
the missing words.

Levels 2 & 3
4.2.2 Complete simple mind-maps with • This is an information transfer exercise. Comment [cs1]: Ple
information from the texts.

24
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

4.3 Construct simple and compound Level 1


sentences with guidance and 4.3.1 Form sentences and questions by: • Activities include:
independently. - matching sentence halves. writing short paragraphs by matching
sentence halves and expanding on notes.

Level 2
4.3.2 Construct simple sentences and • Encourage the use of ‘and’, ’but’ and
compound sentences by ‘because’ in sentences.
expanding on words and phrases
given to a picture stimulus.

Level 3
4.3.3 Write paragraphs based on • e.g. Pupils should be able to write at
words and phrases given to a least two paragraphs
a picture stimulus.

4.4 Write simple informal letters to All levels • These guided letters can take the form
friends, parents, other family 4.4.1 Write simple guided letters to of fill in the blanks. However, ensure
members, and pen-pals in a social friends and family members. pupils know the correct format of the
context. letter.

Levels 2 & 3 • Pupils can write for example about


4.4.2 Write simple letters to pen-pals themselves, the country or village they
(less guidance). stay in. Pupils can use pen and paper
or the Internet (e-mail).

25
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFICATIONS EXAMPLES/ACTIVITIES/ NOTES

4.5 Write simple factual descriptions of Level 1


things, events, scenes and what 4.5.1 Write simple guided descriptions. • Relate to themes and topics.
one saw and did.
Levels 2 & 3 • For example, descriptions of a
4.5.2 Write simple descriptions with historical building or a landmark in the
little or no guidance. town. or of what they saw and did
during the holidays (a recount).
Level 1
4.6 Write to express oneself creatively 4.6.1 Create greeting cards & posters. • Encourage pupils to create greeting
such as when composing simple cards for real occasions. For example,
poems and stories, creating Level 2 such as GOOD LUCK and BEST
greeting cards, posters, etc. 4.6.2 Compose poems with guidance. WISHES cards for the exam, farewell
cards, Happy Mother’s Day card, etc.
• Posters can be created for a campaign
Level 3 such as a reading campaign; for an
4.6.3 Compose stories with guidance. exhibition, etc.

4.7 Spell correctly and take dictation. Level 1


4.7.1 Spell words that are given to be • Activities include spelling a list of key
memorized. words taught for a particular topic.

Levels 2 & 3
4.7.2 Take dictation of paragraphs given
to be learnt.

All levels
4.8 Punctuate meaningfully. 4.8.1 Use capital letters, comma, full
stop, and apostrophe when writing.

26
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

6. GRAMMAR Number (singular and plural forms)


Grammar forms part of the language contents in the Curriculum 1.4 Regular plurals
Specifications for Year 6 SJK. Two sections have been listed to e.g. cars, tables; classes, dresses.
assist teachers. In section 5.0 (a), grammar items to be taught e.g. mouse - mice, tooth - teeth, foot - feet.
have been specified under the different grammar categories. To
illustrate what is meant by each category and at the same time to Common Nouns
specify the scope and depth of the items to be taught examples are 1.5 e.g. boy, girl, man, woman.
given. Words underlined highlight significant points of grammar.
Items asterisked need to be taught. Proper Nouns (names of person/places)
1.6 e.g. Ali, Siva, Cheng;
In section 6.0 (b), suggested sentence patterns for teaching are Ipoh, Subang Jaya, Sabah
given. These sentence patterns are set out under some functions e.g. K.C. Tan, J.W.W. Birch, M. Ravi
and / or areas of interest. In teaching these patterns, it is important
that teachers teach them in context and in a meaningful way. Gender (masculine, feminine)
6.0 (a) Grammar items and some examples masculine – e.g. boy, man, men
1. NOUNS feminine – e.g. girl, woman, women
1.1 Countable Nouns
(things that can be counted). 2. ARTICLES (with singular nouns)
e.g. one table, two chairs
2.1 ‘a’ is used before consonants.
1.2 Uncountable nouns e.g. a book, a pencil.
(things that cannot be counted)
e.g. sand, rice, money, water 2.2 ‘an’ is used before vowels.
scissors, trousers, spectacles e.g. an egg, an umbrella.

The use of some with uncountable nouns 2.3 ‘the’ is used when we are clear about the
e.g. some water, some rice, some money person or thing that we are talking about.
e.g. Pass me the ruler, please.
1.3 * Collective nouns (things, people, animals)
e.g. herd of cows, packet of sweets, 2.4 * ‘some’ is used to talk about quantity or
choir of singers. number without being precise.
e.g. Can I have some sugar, please?

27
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

4. CONJUNCTIONS
3. PRONOUNS and, or, but, because, so
3.1 Personal pronouns
e.g. I, you, he, she, we, they e.g. He bought two pencils and an eraser.
Would you like an apple or a banana?
3.2 Demonstrative pronouns (refer to a noun) He had to go home quickly because his
this, that; these, those mother was not well.
e.g. this comb; these combs He was hungry. So he ate 2 plates of rice.

3.3 Possessive adjectives 5. PREPOSITIONS (of location and direction)


e.g. my book, his shoes e.g. in on under at up down
e.g. John’s bag, Maria’s car out next to behind
e.g. our books, their books * in front of * across
*next to *at the back of
3.4 Interrogative pronouns (‘Wh’ questions)
i. What 6. ADJECTIVES (of colour, shape and size)
e.g. (for singular forms) e.g. a blue sky, a round table, a big boy
What is this? What is that? * e.g. a short fat boy , big round table
e.g. What are these? What are those? * (double adjectives)
(for plural forms) 6.1 Comparative form
• ‘er’ – e.g. tall - taller
ii. Who • ‘er’ + than - e.g. taller than
e.g. Who is he? (singular) • ‘more’ – more beautiful than
Who are they? (plural) 6.2 Superlative form
• ‘est’ – e.g. tallest
iii. Where • * most – e.g. most beautiful
e.g. Where is the boy? (Note: ‘the’’ is used with the superlative form.
Where are the boys? e.g. This is the most beautiful house.
iv. How 7. * ADVERBS
e.g. How much is this? Adverb of manner -ly
To show how a person does something
28
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

e.g. She walks quickly to school. (iii) For actions (verb + ing)
They happily walked back home. e.g. They are running around the
field.
8. * MODALS - * must *should 11. THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE
To show it is necessary to do something. Past tense of the verb be (= was)
e.g. I must read this book tonight. e.g. He was at home. (singular)
You should come to school early.
* Plural form of the verb be(=were)
9. SUBJECT– VERB AGREEMENT e.g. They were at the cinema.
e.g. This is my pet rabbit.
(singular verb for singular noun) Past simple with -ed
e.g. He played with his friends.
These are my pet rabbits.
(plural verb for plural noun) *Irregular verbs (keep – kept)
e.g. He kept the box in the
Dev and Ambun are playing football. cupboard.
(2 singular nouns connected by ‘and’)
*Using words that signal the past
*Kim, Tan and Devi are going camping tense
tomorrow. e.g. yesterday, last week
(3 singular nouns connected by ‘and’)

10. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE 12. POSITIVE STATEMENTS


e.g. My name is Jamil.
(i) For habitual actions I am a boy.
e.g. I go to school every day I like to eat durians.
by bus. *e.g. We are eating durians.
*e.g. They are eating durians.
(ii) For imperatives
e.g. Listen. Come here. 13. NEGATIVE STATEMENTS
Bring me the book. e.g. I am not Tong Seng.
This is not a pen.
29
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

No, it is not a pen. - * for abbreviations:


He does not live in Bangi. • months of the year –
We/They do not live in Bangi. e.g. Jan. Feb.
• days of the week –
14. QUESTIONS AND RESPONSES e.g. Mon. Tues.
e.g. Is it a pencil? • time – mins. hrs.
Yes, it is./ Yes.
No, it isn’t./ No. iii. Question Mark
Are there bananas? - for questions
Yes, there are./ Yes.
No, there aren’t./ No. iv. Comma
*Are you… *Do they … - to separate a list of things
*Did they …. e.g. He bought a pen, pencils, erasers and a bag.

15. SENTENCE TYPES v. Exclamation mark


• Simple sentence e.g. Help! Help!
e.g. That is my cap.
They are good children. vi. Apostrophe
• Compound sentence - to show possession
e.g. It rained hard and the roads e.g. sister’s bag, the man’s hat.
were flooded .
*vii. Indent
16. PUNCTUATION - for paragraphs
i. Capital letters e.g. They went to the zoo.
- for the first word of a sentence. First, they went to the bird park.
- for proper nouns: names of people, Then, they went to the crocodile
places, days of the week farm.
- for the pronoun ‘I’

ii. Full stop


- at the end of a sentence.
- after initials e.g. P. H. Henry

30
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

6.0 (b) SUGGESTED SENTENCE PATTERNS


vi. Who is that?
These patterns are set out under different functions. She is my ………. (to state)
The words underlined may be substituted with other words.
v. When are you coming to my
house?
1. To request for specific objects and to respond On Friday at 3 o’ clock.
A: Can I have the bottle of gum, please.
B: Sure. Here you are. vi. *How much is that book?
It is RM 7.50

2. To ask for help and to respond accordingly 5. To refute statements


A: Please help me carry this table. i. It is not black
B: Yes, of course. ii. No, it is not black.
iii. Is this his?…….No.

3. To talk about oneself 6. To invite, accept and decline an invitation


A: Hello. I am ……..
I like to play football. A : Please come to my house on ….
I play football every day. B : all right, thank you. .
I want to play in the school football team. C : I’m sorry I can’t.
I have to complete my Science Project.

4. To ask questions and to give information 7. To ask for help.


i. What do you like to do?
I like to ………… A: Can you please help me?
ii. What are you doing? B: Yes, of course.
I am ………………
iii. Where are you going? 8. To suggest ideas
I am going to ………… A. Let’s go to ….
B. All right.

31
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

9. To volunteer

“Teacher, I can do it.”

10. To show appreciation.

“Thank you very much.”

11. To express pleasure / happiness.

“I’m so happy!”

12. To encourage.

“ Try again, Boon Siew. You can do it.”

13. To show concern

“Are you all right, Chandran?”

32
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

5. Sound System
The sound system forms part of the language contents in the symbols are only for teacher’s use and not to be taught to
Year 6 Curriculum Specifications. The items listed below are to pupils. However, the sounds represented by the symbols
be taught in Year 6. The letters to be taught are presented in should be taught. In each item, there are examples of the
the orthographic form and in phonetic. The phonetic symbols sounds to be taught and more examples should be given.
are enclosed in phonemic notation (/ /). These phonetic

1. Short and Long Vowel Sounds


a. / / b. / / c. / / d. / /
look boot pen pan
cook loot men man
book hoot ten tan

2. Double Consonants
a. rr / r / b. dd / d /
parrot daddy
carrot muddy
marry caddy

33
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

3. Diphthongs (vowel digraphs)


a. / /
boat
coat
float

4. Silent Letters
a. Silent ‘t’ b. Silent ‘w’
listen two
glisten answer

5. Initial Blends
a. tw / tw / b. sk /sk /
twin skin
twig skunk
twill skull

34
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

6. Final Blends
a. sk /sk / b. mp / mp /
desk stamp
frisk lamp
ramp dump

7. Voiced and Voiceless ‘th’


a. th / / b. th / /
the thing
thee thank
there think

8. Contractions
n’t
hasn’t
haven’t
doesn’t

35
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

9. STRESS
a. Stress in compound words
Compound words are usually formed by combining 2 nouns (e.g. foot + ball ----football).
Sometimes a noun and an adjective are also combined: e.g. black+ bird ----- blackbird.
In these cases, the stress is usually on the first element.
Example: police/man door/bell book/store news/paper blue/berry

b. Stress in 3-syllable and 4-syllable words


Words ending in -tion, -sion, and ic usually have the stress on the second last element.
Example: re/ la / tion te / le / vi / sion com / pre / hen /sion lo / gic do / mes / tic
rd
Words ending in -cy, -gy, -ty’ -al’ and -phy have the stress on the 3 last element.
Example: po / li /cy tech / no / lo / gy e / lec /tri /cal ge / o /gra /phy uni /ver /si / ty

c. Stress in Questions
This depends on the function or the intended meaning of the question.
Example: Are they LEAVING? (leaving or staying on?)
Are THEY leaving? - (those particular people)

d. Stress in Statements
When speaking the English language, usually the content words are stressed.
However, there is no hard and fast rule.
Example: The TIME now is 2 O’CLOCK

36
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

7. Word List

The word list consists of words that need to be taught in context. the words that learners will use when going about their writing task.
These words have also been taught in Year 4 SJK and Year 5 SJK. These words must be used and recycled in various contexts so that
These are high frequency words which learners will need even pupils can pick up the words. Teachers are encouraged to add to
when reading simple texts. Teachers should teach learners to this list according to the maturity level and ability of their
recognize these words in context when reading and also learners as well as when teaching a particular topic.
understand them in the context of what they read. These are also

about
above before coconut
across began come
afternoon below day
all belt desk
almost better dog
along between did
also birthday didn’t
always blue does
am book don’t
an both down
and branch during
animals brother earth
any bud every
around buy eyes
at came father
asked cactus first
baby can flower
back can’t follow(ing)
ball cat for
bag chair found
balloon change friends
banana children fruit
bed clothes garden

37
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

*get live plant


girl look play
good man put
goes money red
going morning right
gone mother ruler
great me roots
half much round
happy my said
has name second
have night seed
hibiscus no she
he not shoe
help now show
her of sister
head old small
heard on sound
high one start
him orchid still
his our stopped
house out suddenly*sure
inside near swimming
it never table
jump number the
knew only their
know opened think
lady only thorns
line\ other those
leaf outside these
leave own through
left paper to
light place today

38
Curriculum Specifications for English
Year 6 SJK

together young
told plus: PREFIXES
tries • days of the week dis-
urn(ed) • numbers one to hundred, un-
under • in hundreds up to one thousand re-
until • ordinals eleventh to thirty-first
upon • pupil’s name and address
us • name of school SUFFIXES
used • social expressions and greetings: -er
walk(ed)(ing) e.g. good morning -ly
want good afternoon
watch good evening
we good night *SIMILES
went goodbye as white as snow
what hello as busy as a bee
where thank you as quick as lightning
when a sweet as honey
while *HOMOPHONES
white hear here
who see sea *PROVERBS
why son sun Honesty is the best policy
window Look before you leap
without *HOMOGRAPHS A friend in need is a friend indeed
woke bow
woman watch
word wind
world
write *COLLECTIVE NOUNS
year a herd of cows
yellow a troupe of dancers
yes a flock of birds
you a packet of sweets
Pusat Perkembangan Kurikulum
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia

Curriculum Development Centre


Ministry of Education Malaysia