Course Code : CS-60

Course Title : FOUNDATION COURSE lN MATHEMATICS
IN COMPUTING
Assignment Number : BCA(2)-60/Assignment/2011
Maximum Marks : 25
Last date of Submission : 30
th
April.

2011 (For 1anuary Session)
30
th
October. 2011 (For 1uly Session)

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There are five questions in this assignment. Answer all the questions.

Question 1: (i) Find the complex conjugate of (3+5i)/(1+2i)

Here
z ÷ (3 ¹ 5i)(1 ¹ 2i)
÷ 3 ¹ 6i ¹ 5i ¹ 10(i x i)
÷ 3 ¹ 11i 10
÷ - 7 ¹ 11i
Then Complex coniugate oI 7 ¹ 11i
÷ - 7 11i

(ii) Differentiate (sin x)x w.r.t. x.

Discovery oI this rule is credited to GottIried Leibniz (however, Child (2008) argues that
it is due to Isaac Barrow), who demonstrated it usingdiIIerentials. Here is Leibniz's
argument: Let u(x) and v(x) be two diIIerentiable Iunctions oI x. Then the diIIerential
oI uv is

Since the term /:·/; is "negligible" (compared to /: and /;), Leibniz concluded that

and this is indeed the differential form of the product rule. Ìf we divide through by the
differential /, we obtain

which can also be written in "prime notation" as





Hence the solution is
ˤ˳
ˤ˲
= ˲
ˤ(s˩˲)
ˤ˲
+ s˩˲
ˤ(˲)
ˤ˲

ˤ˳
ˤ˲
= ˲cos˲ +ŵ |˓ns]

(iii) Find all the seventh roots of (3+4i). (5
Marks)
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Let z ÷ 6(cons7 ¹ isin7)
Be the 7
th
roots oI 3 ¹ 4i
The polar Iorm oI 3 ¹ 4i

Is r = Vo +ŵź
r ÷5
5|cos (tan -3/4) ¹ sin(tan -3/4)|

z
7
÷ 3 ¹ 4i

÷ r
7
|cos7 ¹ i sin 7|
7


By De moivre`s thorem

r
7
(cos77 ¹ I sin 7 7) ÷ 5|cos(tan -3/4 ¹ sin(tan -3/4)|
r
7
÷ 5
and 77 ÷ tan -3/4 ¹ 2k6
where k ÷ 0, ¹ 1, ¹ 2, ¹3,.....

o =
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
+ Ŷ˫6
Ż


For k ÷ -3, -2, -1, 0, 2, 3

K ÷ -3

7 ÷
tan-
3
4
- 66
7


˴ = cos Ӟ
tan-
3
4
+ 2k6
7
ӟ + ˩s˩n Ӟ
tan -
3
4
+ 2k6
7
ӟ

k ÷ 0, ¹ 1, ¹ 1, ¹ 2, ¹ 3 ..
when k ÷ -3 ------------------------------(1)
cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
- ź6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
- ź6
Ż
¹

For k ÷ -2

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cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
- Ÿ6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
- Ÿ6
Ż
¹

For k ÷ -1
cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
- Ŷ6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
- Ŷ6
Ż
¹

For k ÷ 0

cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
Ż
¹

For k ÷1
cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
+ Ÿ6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
+ Ÿ6
Ż
¹

For k ÷ 3
cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
+ ź6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
+ ź6
Ż
¹ |ons]

Question 2: (i) Find the equation of the line joining the points
(-, 6, - 3) and (7, - 6, 3).

Here
A(-6, -3, -1) and B (7, -6, 3) be the points
Then
As we know that equation oI line ioining the point A(x
1
,y
1
,z
1
) B(x
2,
y
2,
z
2)

Are

-

-

=
y-y

y

- y

=
z-z

z

- z

Here (x
1
y
1
z
1
) & (x
2
y
2
z
2
)
(-6, -3, -1) (7, - 6, 3)
˲ + ź
Ż + ź
=
˳ - ŷ
-ź + ŷ
=
˴ -ŵ
ŷ + ŵ


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Page ' 5
˲ + ź
ŵŷ
=
˳ - ŷ

=
˴ - ŵ
Ÿ

Is a required result

(ii) Find the equation of the sphere. which contains the circle
x2 + y2 + z2 ÷ 18 . 3x + 3y + 3z ÷ 11 and
passes through the origin.
(5 Marks)
x
2
¹ y
2
¹ z
2
÷18
3x ¹ 3y ¹ 3z ÷ 11
Passes through the orgin that is (0,0,0)

The equation oI sphere
x
2
¹ y
2
¹ z
2
÷18

The equation oI plane
3x ¹ 3y ¹ 3z ÷ 11

Then the equation oI circle would be
x
2
¹ y
2
¹ z
2
18 ¹ k (3x ¹ 3y ¹ 3z -11) ÷0 ---------(1)

since (1) passes through the (0,0,0)
0 ¹ 0 ¹ 0 18 ¹ k( 0 ¹ 0 ¹0 -11) ÷0
-18 k11 ÷ 0
-˫ =
ŵ8
ŵŵ

˫ =
-ŵ8
ŵŵ


Putting the value oI k in (1) we get
x
2
¹ y
2
¹ z
2
18 ¹ k (3x ¹ 3y ¹ 3z -11) ÷ 0
11x
2
¹ 11y
2
¹ 11z
2
54x 54y - 54z ¹ 198 ÷0
This is the required result

Question 3: (i) Find lim 1+x2/x2
x ÷ ·

7
ŵ
˲
2
+ ŵ
ŵ


no˱ |
Ŵ + ŵ
ŵ
1 = ŵ ons˱˥r



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(ii) Compute the area bounded by y2 ÷ 9x and x2 ÷ 9y

For Iinding the points oI intersection oI the given curve, we solve the given equation
simultaneity.
x
2
÷ 9y ÷ x
2
/9
substituting y ÷ x
2
/9 in y
2
÷ 9x

(x
2
/9)
2
÷ 9x
(x
2
/81) ÷ 9x
(x
4
/81) 9x ÷ 0

x(x
3
729) ÷ 0
x ÷0 or x ÷ 9
y ÷0 or y ÷ 9

hence point oI intersection are (0,0) (9,9)
Required area ÷ (area OBAD) (area OCAD)

˳ˤ˲|˦or ˳
2
= 9˲] -˳ˤ˲ |˦or ˲
2
u
0
u
0
= 9˳]



ŷV˲ ˤ˲ -
˲
2
o
u
0
u
0
ˤ˲
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ŷ |
˲
3¡2
(
ŷ
Ŷ
)
|
0
9

˲
3
9 ˲ ŷ
ӡ
0
9

Ŷ|˲
3¡2
!
0
9
-
ŵ
ŶŻ

5
]
0
9

Ŷ(9
3¡2
) -Ŷ(Ŵ) -
ŵ
ŶŻ
|9
3
- Ŵ]
÷ 54 27
27 square units

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(iii) Evaluate: . tan
1
/

(5 Marks)

H˥ˮ I = ˮon
-1
˲ˤ˲
= ˮon
-1
˲. ŵˤ˲
= ˮon
-1
. ˲ - |
ŵ
ŵ + ˲
2
1 ˲ˤ˲
= nˮon
-1
. ˲ -
1
2
og|ŵ +˲
2
] + c
Answers
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Question 4: Use the Cauchy - Schwarz inequality to solve x
3
- 25x
2
- 4x ¹ 100 ÷ 0,
given that all its roots are rational. (5 Marks)

The discriminate oI this equation is

o
1
2
- (
Ŷ˲
˲ -ŵ
)o
2

VŶ8 which is ¹ve hence the given equation has three distinct real roots

Where a
1
÷ -23
x ÷ 3
u
2
÷ 167

÷ .(-Ŷŷ)
2
- Ә
2 3)
2
ә ŵźŻ

VŹŶ9 -ŹŴŵ

Since the roots are rational they must be integral Iactors oI -385. They must belong to the
set.

¦¹ 1, ¹ 5, ¹ 7, ¹ 11, ¹ 35, ¹ 77, ¹ 385}
Since the roots lies between

-oŵ
˲
-
˲ -ŵ
˲
¹o
1
2
- |
Ŷ˲
˲ -ŵ
1 oŶ
onˤ
-oŵ
˲
+
˲ - ŵ
˲
¹o
1
2
-|
Ŷ˲
˲ - ŵ
1 oŶ

That is
Ŷŷ
ŷ
-
ŷ -ŵ
Ŷ
¹(-Ŷŷ)
2
-|
Ŷ ˲ ŷ
Ŷ
1ŵźŷ

And
Ŷŷ
ŷ
+
ŷ -ŵ
Ŷ
¹(-Ŷŷ)
2
-|
Ŷ ˲ ŷ
Ŷ
1ŵźŷ

Ŷŷ
ŷ
-
ŸVŻ
ŷ
onˤ
Ŷŷ
ŷ
+
ŸVŻ
ŷ

Since the roots are rational they can be only 5,7,11





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Question 5: (i) Find the perimeter of the cord r ÷ a (1 + cos 7)

To Iind the perimeter oI the cord r ÷ a(1 ¹ cos7) we note that the curve is symmetrical
about the initial line (Fig) There Ior its perimeter is double the length oI the arc oI the
curve lying above the x-axis

Now,

7
÷ - a sin 7. Hence we have
= Ŷ

r
2
+|
ˤr
ˤ7
1
2
ˤ7
n
0

= Ŷo .(ŵ +cos0)
2
+ s˩n
2
0ˤ7
n
0

= Ŷo .Ŷ(ŵ +cos0)
2
ˤ7
n
0

= Ÿo cos
0
Ŷ
n
0
ˤ0
÷ Ÿo |Ŷ sn
0
2
|
0
n

÷ 8a
answer

(ii) Find all the seventh roots of (3+4i).
(5 Marks)
Let z ÷ 6(cons7 ¹ isin7)
Be the 7
th
roots oI 3 ¹ 4i
The polar Iorm oI 3 ¹ 4i

Is r = Vo +ŵź
r ÷5
5|cos (tan -3/4) ¹ sin(tan -3/4)|

z
7
÷ 3 ¹ 4i

÷ r
7
|cos7 ¹ i sin 7|
7

2a,0


0
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By De moivre`s thorem

r
7
(cos77 ¹ I sin 7 7) ÷ 5|cos(tan -3/4 ¹ sin(tan -3/4)|
r
7
÷ 5
and 77 ÷ tan -3/4 ¹ 2k6
where k ÷ 0, ¹ 1, ¹ 2, ¹3,.....

o =
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
+ Ŷ˫6
Ż


For k ÷ -3, -2, -1, 0, 2, 3

K ÷ -3

7 ÷
tan-
3
4
- 66
7


˴ = cos Ӟ
tan-
3
4
+ 2k6
7
ӟ + ˩s˩n Ӟ
tan -
3
4
+ 2k6
7
ӟ

k ÷ 0, ¹ 1, ¹ 1, ¹ 2, ¹ 3 ..
when k ÷ -3 ------------------------------(1)
cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
- ź6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
- ź6
Ż
¹

For k ÷ -2

cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
- Ÿ6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
- Ÿ6
Ż
¹

For k ÷ -1
cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
- Ŷ6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
- Ŷ6
Ż
¹

For k ÷ 0

cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
Ż
¹
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For k ÷1
cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
+ Ÿ6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
+ Ÿ6
Ż
¹

For k ÷ 3
cos |
tan -
ŷ
Ÿ
+ ź6
Ż
¹ + ˩s˩n |
tan-
ŷ
Ÿ
+ ź6
Ż
¹ |ons]

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