Caffeine: Benefits and Harm

Caffeine is well known as one of the most common drugs in the world. Globally, about 120,000 tons of caffeine is consumed annually, approximately equivalent to one caffeine containing drink per day for one person on our planet (Burchfield 1997). Caffeine is easily found in the leaves, seeds and fruits of a variety of plants, including coffee, tea, kola, cocoa, guarana and yerba maté. It is used as the ingredient in medicines, chocolate products, as well as in some beverages like cola, energy drinks, coffee and tea. After consumption, caffeine is quickly distributed throughout the blood and then goes to the human brain in order to help people become alert, confident, concentrated and energetic. Despite the positive physiological effects and the lower risk of some cancers, caffeine intake has created numerous concerns about human health: specifically pregnancy and fertility in women, and not to mention human mood. One of the benefits of caffeine use in human health which should be considered is perhaps impacts on brain function. The activities of cortex and hippocampus, significantly associated with information processing and performance, are stimulated by caffeine. This evidence comes from studies (reviewed by Bertil et al. 1999:101) that systemic or intraaccumbens administration of apomorphine through the adenosine can weaken prepulse

inhibition of the acoustic startle response speeding up the information filtering ability. Likewise, in these studies performance is able to be affected via an action on adenosine receptors. What s more, the study of Jarvis (1993) cited in Rogers (2007) indicates positive impact of caffeine intake on cognitive decline in older people. It seems that caffeine increases blood pressure and encourages the neuroprotective actions of adenosine so the risk factors of cognitive decline can be restricted. Similarly, with the help of caffeine intake, there is an increase in the number of adenosine receptors which is likely to restrict the ischaemic brain damage. More importantly, transient ischaemic episodes are one of the main causes of cognitive decline and dementia. That s why caffeine may benefit cognitive function in the long term. Apart from brain function, regular caffeine consumption has been related to the reduced risk of some cancer sites through coffee. According to Nkondjock (2008), there is no

Hence. not to mention the fact that their body can lose water and other fluids which are very important for a healthy pregnancy. (1998) viewing in Moore et al. compared to those who consume 62 cups (pp. 5). many women in pregnant time frequently use caffeine containing drinks that lead to easy addiction. scientists state that caffeine might decrease fertility in women and damage the pregnancy. The gestational period may continue to go up if they do not change their coffee drinking habit. compared with 20% in women who consume less than this. and headaches. including the chance of pregnancy and the weight of infant. In addition. . (2007) claim that the rate of spontaneous abortion in women who daily consume more than 150 mg caffeine account for 24. in particular coffee consumption. coffee has a modest influence in women who drink more than or equal four cups every day. followed by developing countries and Japan. Fernandes et al. prostate cancer has dramatic the association with caffeine consumption. A statistic shows that in 14. the observation in European countries (see Bolumar et al.94-1.00 (95% CI 0. There are numerous studies investigating this issue. it is said that pregnant women should minimize regular caffeine intake in order to maintain good health.07) per cup per day increase (pp. For example. In addition. 2). nervousness. However. For instance. Thanks to the increase in caffeine intake. the American Institute of Cancer Research found a cumulative effect estimate of 1. fertility in women. 1997) reveals that about 80% of women reported perhaps have increased time to first pregnancy when they drink at least one cup of coffee per day. Clearly. Plus. A larger number of these women surely have insomnia. 4) based on six cohort studies. a lower iron status can be kept and the liver cirrhosis risk is also possibly limited (pp.doubt that breast cancer is a major cause of many deaths of women in developed countries. Iron and cirrhosis are potentially harmful factors of liver cancer development. (2007) suggesting that women with high level of caffeine consumption (more than 150g per day) are likely to have the high risk of low birthweight infant. Another cancer having the reduced risk through caffeine is liver cancer which commonly occurs in developing countries.593 women who consume P5 cups of coffee per day the breast cancer risk can be reduced by 50%.4%. is also affected in bad way and this issue is represented through numerous studies. On the other hand. There is evidence from study by Moore et al.

coming from many studies for the influences of caffeine on human health. limiting caffeine consumption may perhaps give advantages to human health in general and pregnant women specifically. people need to be careful and change their lifestyle when consuming caffeine containing products. 1. F. Rebagliato. A. Battig. prostate and liver cancers. Normally. concentration. L. Nehlig. J. Zvartau EE 1999. More importantly. 51. B. instead of reverse patterns. after a short time of using caffeine. However. Bolumar. energy drinks will help them become alerter and more concentrate.In addition. caffeine has a tendency to create drawbacks to human mood such as the increase of anxiety and jitteriness when people use a large amount of caffeine in the long term. To avoid these disadvantages. Following that. The European Study Group on Infertility and Subfecundity 1997. there appears to be lower alertness. Bertil. there is a significant association between caffeine use and reduced fertility and pregnancy in women. Evidence. consumers possibly gain alertness. they think that more coffee or tea. pp. J. M. Fredholm. no. a reverse pattern (Rogers 2007). the negative influences of caffeine withdrawal can be seen in on mood. Actions of Caffeine in the Brain with Special Reference to Factors That Contribute to Its Widespread Use . Holmen. The previously positive effects of caffeine will restore but not above normal levels. alertness and performance tasks for people who consumed it over a long time. vol. Caffeine Intake and Delayed Conception: A European . K. Bisanti. a degrading of performance and anxiety based on withdrawal reversal hypothesis . Length: 1035 words Reference 1. suggests that caffeine intake benefits brain function and minimizes the risk of breast. Pharmacological Reviews. Olsen. 2. It is common knowledge that many people tend to consume a large amount of caffeine a day to stay awake during their working. it is completely different. Moreover. Firstly. and as well as improvement of performance. 83 133. However.

2007. viewed 5 December 2010. 6.ebanolier. Bandolier. Nkondjock. 1997. mood. American Journal of Epidemiology. Burchfield. http://www.au/quantum/poison/caffeine/caffeine. A 2008. A et al. Caffeine and Health . http://www. no. 4. PJ 2007.net. vol. Coffee consumption and the risk of cancer: An overview . Rogers.htm 4. Caffeine. Caffeine. 19 August. pp. Moore. and mental preference in everyday life . 324 3. . 145. Cancer Letters.com. Nutrition Bulletin.abc. G 334.Multicenter Study on Infertility and Subfecundity . 5.

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