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a “Virtual Server/SAN connect”
Ing. Thomas Mitrovits
Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Mobile: +43 676 844013200 Brocade Communications Systems, Inc. Oktober 2007
Evolution of the Data Center Brocade Platforms Provide The Foundation & Services Homogenous “SAN Islands” Enhanced Storage Network Enterprise Apps SAN 1 The Data Center Fabric Virtual SANs Multi-tiered Applications SAN 2 Security Routing Extension with FCIP File Services HA Scalability Mgmt Storage tiers Virtual Servers Data Mobility Application Recovery SAN 3 SAN 4 1995-2000 Early SANs.Isolated 2000-2005 SAN Consolidation 2005-2010 File & Block Merges .
Brocade’s Data Center Fabric Converged Fabric For The Data Center File Based Data Remote Users & Office Applications Management Data Center Consolidation Servers Traditional Block Data Volume FAN DCF Information Management SAN Storage Consolidation Business Filers Continuity .
Fault. encryption) • Performance. Replication. FCIP) • Policy-based Routing & QoS • Redefining Fabric Services Low Cost IP DCF HPC Campus • Application-aware Data Mobility (DMM) • Application-aware Business Continuity (Snapshot. 10GE) • Multi-Protocol (FC.Brocade’s Next-Generation Data Center Fabric Delivering Essential Services in the Fabric • Extending our Connectivity Leadership Servers Branch Corporate Traditional Block Storage • Highest performance (8G FC. Continuous Data Protection (CDP)) • Application Aware Server Management • Security (access control. Change. iSCSI) • Scale and Virtual Fabric Partitioning • Distance Extension (FC. Distance Volume Data Recovery Site . FICON.
leverage it • Within the next 3-5 years 85% of servers are SAN/NAS .• Today less than 15% of Servers are SAN attached • 7-10 million servers being refreshed this year • Server Virtualization is here.
OpEx Becomes Setup Items 70 Servers 140 HBA ports 10 Standalone 16-port switches 160 Optical SFPs in switches 160 Fiber cables Setup Items 5 Blade Chassis 10 Embedded Switch Modules 2 Standalone 16-port switches 48 Optical SFPs in switches 24 Fiber cables 8Gbit/sec ISL Trunk (2x 4Gb) .Bladed Servers and SANs in Action Reduce Cost. Complexity. Space. Power.
Embedded Switches – The Challenges Scalability: How to scale SAN with numerous switch modules? • Small port-count switches add to the complexity of a SAN – More domains introduce the potential for scalability issues – More elements to manage Who manages the integrated switch? • Server administrator? Storage administrator? How to increase fault isolation? • Minimize server and switch module fault events affecting SAN fabric Fabric connections made easier • Connect to multiple fabrics simultaneously • Connect to switches from different vendors .
BladeCenters and Applications • Relatively narrow constituency • SLAs tied to workload StorageLand Responsibilities: • SAN fabric and storage • Providing LUNs to the server admins • Maintain very high SLAs tied to infrastructure • Satisfying numerous apps and functional areas StorageLand Headaches: Storage Land • Numerous low port count switch modules in embedded switches • Complicates the SAN • Server admins that “touch” SAN fabric .Access Gateway Benefits Clearer Management Responsibilities Server Land ServerLand Responsibilities: • Servers.
N-Port ID Virtualization (NPIV) Single Virtual Machine Linux Instance Linux Instance Linux Instance Linux Instance Linux Instance Linux Instance 9 NPIV was initially targeted for Mainframe Environments Shared HBA or I/O channel Brocade Switch January 2007 Brocade Access Gateway Technical/OEM Overview .
Access Gateway mode Connecting Server Blades to SANs Brocade FC SAN Switch in Access Gateway mode connects server blades to fabrics through NPIV edge switches Solves Interoperability & Scalability challenges Functionality comes in FOS 5.0 &> .0 & > •McDATA OS 9.2.1 &> •Cisco OS 3.1b updated on existing switch hardware NPIV capable switches •Brocade FOS 5.
Access Gateway Technology Overview Blade Server Chassis Blade N Blade 5 Blade 6 Blade 7 Blade 1 Blade 2 Blade 3 Blade 4 • External ports appear to fabric as Nport devices • Hides server HBA (internal) ports • Does not take up a domain Improve Manageability • Mgt of AG = mgt of n-port devices • Separates Server Admin privileges Access Gateway in Blade Chassis N-port F-port N-port F-port Improve Fault-isolation • Reduces RSCN traffic/fabric config • Zoning is enforced by the fabric • N-port failover capability Multi-vendor interoperability • Multi-fabric capable (future) Fabric 1 Fabric 2 .
N-Port ID Virtualization (NPIV) Blade Chassis Serverblade Serverblade Serverblade Serverblade Serverblade Serverblade HBA HBA HBA HBA HBA HBA NPIV was initially targeted for Mainframe Environments AcessGateway SAN Switch .
NPIV – Multiple Connections/Single Link WWN0 WWN1 WWN2 WWN3 Single NPIV Switch Connection FDisc instead of Flogi Single Switch F-Port .
switch-to-switch management traffic is eliminated between the edge switch and the AG. • Blade management upgrades may affect the embedded switch (But not the SAN) .Access Gateway Isolates the SAN from Disruptions in Serverland Server maintenance has minimal effect on the SAN • Disconnecting an NPIV cable doesn’t disrupt the fabric in the same way disconnecting an ISL would • Most RSCNs in the AG are not propagated to the Fabric – Most. if not all.
Virtual Machine OS Instance OS Instance OS Instance OS Instance Virtual Machine OS Instance OS Instance OS Instance Dynamic Workload Management Access gateway Transparent Fail-over Via F-Port Trunking Edge Switch OS Instance Virtual Machine OS Instance OS Instance OS Instance Virtual Machine OS Instance OS Instance OS Instance OS Instance OS Instance .
not a switch.Access Gateway Characteristics Multi-fabric capable • Interoperable via NPIV-enabled N-port • The Access Gateway can be connected to multiple fabrics via any NPIV-enabled port Manageable • Nothing to manage in-band • All management is via a special version of Web Tools. Scalable to very high port counts with Directors in the core Acts more as a device. the CLI or through the management provided by the embedded switch vendor Highly Scalable • No domain solves the scalability problem of a large number of low port-count switches. • Reduces RSCN traffic – virtually no inter-switch RSCNs • No direct connectivity to storage • Reduces fabric rebuilds .
energy consumption and required cooling when compared to 1U servers for bladed servers • Embedded switches reduce cable costs. SFPs and fabric edge port requirements • Access Gateway eliminates the scalability issues • Less platforms to manage The situation only improves as the processing capacity of the bladed servers increase .NPIV Enables Increased Virtualized Server Consolidation Benefits Reduces the apparent cost of Fibre Channel HBAs • Depends on the consolidation ratio – at 10:1 the cost of an HBA is shared across 10 VMs/Applications • Traditionally the cost of HBAs have been the major impediment to putting Wintel servers into a SAN • No iSCSI equivalent to NPIV Compelling Business Case (ROI) • Less rack space.
com +43 676 844013200 .mitrovits@brocade.Thank You! Thomas Mitrovits thomas.