Passenger Car Engine Test Category For API SM

Limits

Requirements 1. LABORATORY TESTS 1.1 Viscosity Grades 1.2 Foam Test

Test Method

Properties

Unit SM/EC GF-4

ASTM D892 (Option A) ASTM D6082 ASTM D4951 ASTM D6795 ASTM D6794

1.3 Phosphorus 1.4 EOFT 1.5 EOWTT

All those that apply, typically SAE 0W-20, 0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30. Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III Sequence IV Phosphorus content 0.6% Water-with dry ice-% reduction in flow with 0.6% Water with 1.0% Water with 2.0% Water with 3.0% Water Total Deposits Oil Compatibilty Gelation Index Volatility (Noack) Volatility (GCD) Rust rating Sulfur content of SAE 0W and 5W multigrades Sulfur content of SAE 10W multigrades Viscosity increase at 100 hours Average weighted piston deposits Hot stuck rings Average cam plus lifter wear Aged oil low temperature viscosity Cam wear average Average engine sludge Rocker arm cover sludge Average piston skirt varnish Average engine varnish Oil screen clogging Hot stuck rings Cold stuck rings Oil ring clogging Follower pin wear, cyl #8, avg Ring gap increase, cyl #1 & #8, avg Oil screen debris Bearing weight loss 10 hr. stripped viscosity SAE 0W-20 and 5W-20 viscosity grades SAE 0W-30 and 5W-30 viscosity grades SAE 10W-30 and all other viscosity grades

ml initial Foam/ml after settling % % reduction % reduction % reduction % reduction % reduction mg % off @ 250˚C % off @ 371˚C Avg Gray Value % % % merits # microns

1.6 TEOST (MHT4) 1.7 Homogeneity & Miscibility 1.8 Scanning Brookfield 1.9 Volatility 1.10 BRT 1.11 Sulfur 2. ENGINE TESTS FOR API SM 2.1 Sequence IIIG

ASTM D7097 ASTM D6922 ASTM D5133 ASTM D5800 ASTM D6417 ASTM D6557 ASTM D4951 or ASTM D2622 ASTM D7320

Manufacturer sets targets within SAE J300 specification 10/0 max 50/0 max 10/0 max 100/0 max 0.06 min 0.08 max(1) 50 max 50 max 50 max 50 max 50 max 35 max(2) pass 12 max 15 max 10 max 100 min 0.5 max(3) 0.7 max

2.2 Sequence IIIGA 2.3 Sequence IVA 2.4 Sequence VG

ASTM D4684 ASTM D6891 ASTM D6593

2.5 Sequence VIII 2.6 Sequence VIB (Required for ILSAC GF-4 only)

ASTM D6709 ASTM D6837

150 max 3.5 min none 60 max Meet requirements of the Cp original grade or the next higher grade(4) microns 90 max merits 7.8 min merits 8.0 min merits 7.5 min merits 8.9 min % 20 max # none # rate & report % rate & report microns rate & report microns rate & report % area rate & report mg 26 max cSt Stay in grade % FEI1/%FEI2 2.3 min / 2.0 min % FEI1/%FEI2 1.8 min / 1.5 min % FEI1/%FEI2 1.1 min / 0.8 min

Limits for SM Non-ILSAC GF-4 viscosity grades: (1) 0.06 min, no max (2) 45 max (3) Not Req. (4) Not Req.

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Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Test Category For API CI-4 and CI-4 PLUS
Test Method 1. LABORATORY TESTS FOR API CI-4 AND CI-4 PLUS 1.1 Viscosity Grades 1.2 High Temperature Corrosion Bench Test 1.3 Foam Test ASTM D6594 Requirements Properties Unit 1 Test SAE J300 Copper increase, max Lead increase, max Copper strip rating, max (D130) Foaming/Settling, max Sequence I Sequence II Sequence III After shear viscosity, SAE 10W-30, min After shear viscosity, SAE 15W-40, min Evaporative loss at 250oC, max Viscosity, min Viscosity of 75h used oil sample from T-10 Test at -20oC, max Viscosity at -20oC, max Yield stress, max Volume Change +5/-3 +TMC1006/-3 +5/-3 +5/-2 Hardness +7/-5 +5/-TMC1006 +8/-5 +7/-5 ppm ppm Limits 2 Tests 3 Test

ASTM D892 (Option A not allowed)

1.4 Shear Stability 1.5 Volatility 1.6 High Temperature/ High Shear 1.7 Low Temperature Pumpability

ASTM D6278 ASTM D5800 (Noack) As allowed in SAE J300 ASTM D4684 (MRV TP-1) Modified D4684 (if yield stress)

mL mL mL cSt cSt % mPa-s mPa-s mPa-s Pa Limits Tensile Strength +10/-TMC1006 +10/-45 +18/-15 +10/-TMC1006

Manufacturer specifies viscosity target within SAE J300 specification 20 No MTAC(1),(2) 120 3 No MTAC(1),(2) 10/0 20/0 10/0 9.3 No MTAC(1),(2),(3) 12.5 15 No MTAC(1),(2) 3.5 25000 25000 35 Elongation +10/-TMC1006 +20/-30 +10/-35 +10/-TMC1006 1.8 1.9 2.0 No MTAC(1),(2) No MTAC(1),(2)

1.8 Elastomer Compatibility Nitrile Silicone Polyacrylate FKM ASTM D5967 (Ext. T8-E) T10 test with EGR ASTM D6975

2. ENGINE TESTS FOR API CI-4 2.1 Mack T-8E

2.2 Mack T-10 2.3 Cummins M11-EGR

2.4 Caterpillar 1R

ASTM D6923

2.5 Caterpillar 1K

ASTM D6750

or

Relative viscosity at 4.8% soot, max (RV=Visc. at 4.8% soot/Visc. of new oil sheared in D6278) Merit Rating, min Crosshead weight loss, max Top ring weight loss, max Filter delta pressure at 250h, max Sludge rating, min WDR, max TGC, max TLC, max Initial Oil Consumption, max Final Oil Consumption, max Piston ring and liner scuffing Ring Sticking WDK, max TGF, max TLHC, max Oil Consumption (0-252h), max Piston ring and liner scuffing WDN, max TGF, max TLHC, max Oil Consumption (0-252h), max Piston ring and liner scuffing Ring Sticking Average Pin Wear, max

mg mg kPa merits demerits demerits demerits g/h g/h

demerits % % g/kW-h

1000 20.0 175 275 7.8 382 52 31 13.1 IOC+1.8 None None 332 24 4 0.5 None 286.2 20 3 0.5 None None 7.6 (0.30) 8.0 275 6.00

1000 21.8 186 320 7.6 396 57 35 13.1 IOC+1.8 None None 347 27 5 0.5 None

1000 22.6 191 341 7.5 402 59 36 13.1 10C+1.8 None None 353 29 5 0.5 None

Caterpillar 1N

ASTM D6750

demerits % % g/kW-h

2.6 Roller Follower Wear Test

ASTM D5966

2.7 Engine Oil Aeration Test ASTM D6984 Aeration, max 2.8 Sequence IIIF ASTM D6984 Viscosity increase at 80h, max 3. ENGINE TESTS FOR API CI-4 PLUS (same as API CI-4 Engine Tests above in addition to following) 3.1 Mack T-11 T-11 Soot/ Minimum TGA Soot Content at 12.0 cSt Viscosity Control increase at 100o C
(1) (2)

µm (mils) Vol % % %

311.7 323.0 23 25 4 5 0.5 0.5 None None None None 8.4 9.1 (0.33) (0.36) MTAC applies(2) MTAC applies(2) 5.89 5.85

Not an ACC Test. MTAC is a statistical method for treating engine test results. Consult your sales representative for further information. (3) Limit of 30 pass for API CI-4, 90 pass for API CI-4 PLUS.

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