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Mann-Whitney U Test 4.

The chairperson of the Learning University psychology department is interested in determining whether the length of professors’ teaching experience affects student rankings of the professors’ teaching effectiveness. Based on student evaluations, the department chair assigns ranks to the 20 professors in the department and then divides the faculty into two categories: those with fewer than 5 years of teaching experience and those with 5 or more years. Use the appropriate nonparametric test and the data in the table to tell whether there is a difference between the rankings of the two groups of professors. Rankings of professors < 5 years experience 20 2 19 18 9 16 14 15 5 or more years experience 17 13 1 4 10 6 8 12 7 11 5 3

Solution:
Descriptive Statistics N rank group 20 20 Mean 10.5000 1.6000 Std. Deviation 5.91608 .50262 Minimum 1.00 1.00 Maximum 20.00 2.00

[2*(1-tailed Sig. Not corrected for ties.025a .Mann-Whitney Test Ranks group rank less than 5 years 5 years or more Total N 8 12 20 Mean Rank 14. Sig. (2-tailed) Exact Sig.00 97.)] a.237 . Grouping Variable: group 19.000 -2. b.000 97.08 Sum of Ranks 113.00 Test Statisticsb Rank Mann-Whitney U Wilcoxon W Z Asymp.12 8.025 .

5. The vision test scores are listed in the table.44 Sum of Ranks 60.00 Mann-Whitney Test Ranks group 22rank children adults Total N 7 9 16 Mean Rank 8.00 1. Children 22 23 13 16 21 14 24 Adults 19 16 22 19 17 25 20 18 15 Solutions: Descriptive Statistics N rank group 16 16 Mean 19.65148 .00 Maximum 25.00 .00 76. Deviation 3.57 8.51235 Minimum 13.0000 1.5625 Std. Use the Mann-Whitney U test to see whether there is a difference between the visual acuity of a randomly chosen group of seven children and that of a randomly chosen group of nine adults.00 2.

000 76.Test Statisticsb Rank Mann-Whitney U Wilcoxon W Z Asymp.053 .56140 . Deviation 5. and the other is a traditional behavior modification approach.00 1.5000 Std.)] 31. [2*(1-tailed Sig.000 -. Sig. (2-tailed) Exact Sig.00 Maximum 21.51640 Minimum .958 1. The data are given in the table. Number of positive social responses REST technique 6 0 4 5 7 3 2 7 Solution: Descriptive Statistics N rank group 16 16 Mean 7.00 Behavior modification 9 1 12 8 21 6 13 15 .4375 1.000a 6. Use the Mann-Whitney U to see whether there is a difference between the numbers of positive social responses per hour that are given by children who have autism and are undergoing two different types of therapy. One is a sensory deprivation approach known as “ restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST).00 2.

[2*(1-tailed Sig.69 11. (2-tailed) Exact Sig. Sig.018 .50 Test Statisticsb rank Mann-Whitney U Wilcoxon W Z Asymp.366 . Grouping Variable: group 9. Not corrected for ties.500 45. b.)] a.500 -2.015a .Mann-Whitney Test Ranks group rank REST technique Behavior modification Total N 8 8 16 Mean Rank 5.50 90.31 Sum of Ranks 45.