Verb as complement

: A verb complement is the arrangement of one verb as the object of another verb. Some verbs can take another verb as the complement instead of a noun. Sometimes the verbs functioning as the complement must be in the infinitive (to + verb) and sometimes it must be in the gerund ( verb + ing) form.

The following verbs are always followed by the infinitive if the complement is a verb.
agree attempt claim decide demand desire expect fail forget have hesitate hope intend learn mean need offer plan prepare pretend propose refuse seem tend try want wish

- The president will attempt to reduce inflation in the next four years. - The soldiers are preparing to attack that country. - I decided to refuse the invitation.

Verbs that are always followed by the gerund.
Other verbs must always be followed by the gerund. These verbs include: admit appreciate avoid can’t help consider delay deny enjoy finish mind miss postpone practice quit recall regret report resent resist resume risk suggest

- He admitted stealing the jewels. - I enjoyed studying English at School. - She is considering buying a new phone because her phone was broken

Apria is thinking of going to Bali next holiday. The word to in these expressions must not be confused with the to in the infinitive. Verbs + prepositions followed by the gerund approve of give up rely on worry about be better of insist on succeed in count on keep on think about depend on put off think of The following expressions contain the preposition to. .We regretted not going to the party last night. The following verbs can be followed by either the infinitive or the gerund with no change in meaning. object to look forward to confess to . . . . begin like can’t stand love dread continue prefer start hate .Joan hates to ride her bicycle to school OR Joan hates riding her bicycle to school. These verb + preposition expressions must also be followed by the gerund. . .He started to study after dinner OR He started studying after dinner.He insisted on taking the bus instead of the plane.Note : These sentences are made negative by adding the negative particle not before the infinitive or gerund.Corry confessed to stealing the jewels.John decided not to buy the car.

glad. . I am glad to meet you. afraid etc. shocked.This is a simple method of finding solutions.She is addicted to watching TV. surprised.The main reason for taking the course is to improve your language skills.Adjective + prepositions followed by gerund accustomed to capable of devoted to fond of involved in responsible for worried about . addicted to committed to disappointed with frightened of known for scared of afraid of concerned about discouraged by guilty of opposed to terrified of anxious about content with excited about happy about proud of tired from bored of dedicated to famous for interested in remembered for tired of noun + preposition followed by gerund advantage of doubt about opportunity of trouble for chance of hope of possibility of way of choice between idea of problem of danger of interest in reason for difficulty in method of risk of . • • • She was anxious to go home. . I was surprised to get her letter.That actor is famous for being extremely weird. . Adjectives that can be followed by infinitives Infinitives are often used after adjectives which express people’s reactions and feelings.He has the problem of swimming too slow. happy. Common examples are: pleased. anxious. .

careful. due. AND THAT SHE HAS FORGOTTEN THAT FACT.. AN INFINITIVE IS USED." She forgot to pay the rent this month. GERUND TO MEAN THAT YOU CONTINUE DOING AN ACTION. "KEEP" CAN ALSO BE USED WITH AN OBJECT FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE. BUT THEN THE INFINITIVE TAKES ON THE MEANING OF ORDER TO. IS FOLLOWED BY A He dreaded to think of the consequences of his actions. WHEN "BEGIN" IS USED IN NONCONTINUOUS TENSES." THE SENTENCE ABOVE MEANS THAT SHE READ THE BOOK WHEN SHE WAS A KID. "KEEP" IS NORMALLY USED WITH A The attackers kept hostages to prevent the police from entering. welcome. "DREADED TO THINK" MEANS "DID NOT WANT TO THINK. ." IN THE SENTENCE ABOVE. THE ATTACKERS KEPT HOSTAGES IN ORDER TO PREVENT THE POLICE FROM ENTERING. WHEN "FORGET" IS USED WITH A GERUND. She began to sing. Verbs Followed by Gerunds OR Infinitives (Different Meaning) begin She began singing. IT MEANS "TO FORGET THAT YOU HAVE DONE SOMETHING. able." THE SENTENCE ABOVE MEANS THAT SHE FORGOT THAT SHE NEEDED TO PAY THE RENT.. "TO FORGET THAT YOU NEED TO DO SOMETHING. fit. WHEN "BEGIN" IS USED IN CONTINUOUS TENSES. USUALLY "DREAD" GERUND. likely and lucky. certain.Other adjectives that can be followed by infinitives include: right. keep She kept talking. stupid. "DREAD" IS SOMETIMES USED WITH INFINITIVES SUCH AS "THINK" OR "CONSIDER. They are certain to win. She is beginning to sing. dread She dreaded taking the test. "IN . YOU CAN EITHER USE A GERUND OR AN INFINITIVE. wrong. • • • I was stupid to trust him. WHEN MEANS FORGET IS USED WITH AN INFINITIVE. IT forget She forgot reading the book when she was a kid." IN THE SENTENCE ABOVE. You are welcome to stay as long as you like.

" IN THE SENTENCE ABOVE. WHEN "REMEMBER" IS USED WITH A GERUND. "WE REGRET TO INFORM YOU" MEANS "WE WISH WE DID NOT HAVE TO TELL YOU (BAD NEWS). but it was so much work that I finally quit the class. Marge is starting to talk really fast. IT MEANS "TO REMEMBER THAT YOU NEED TO DO SOMETHING. WHEN "START" IS USED IN NONCONTINUOUS TENSES." He needs to call his boss. He needs him to call his boss. IT TAKES ON A PASSIVE MEANING. "REGRET" GERUND. rememb er I remember mentioning the meeting yesterday. . AN INFINITIVE MEANS THAT YOU DID NOT COMPLETE OR CONTINUE AN ACTION. start Marge started talking really fast. AND THAT I REMEMBER THE FACT THAT I DID THAT. WHEN "REMEMBER" IS USED WITH AN INFINITIVE. stop He stopped smoking for health reasons." THE SENTENCE ABOVE MEANS THAT I MENTIONED THE MEETING. SENTENCE ABOVE MEANS NEEDS TO BE CLEANED. Marge started to talk really fast. I started to learn Russian. WHEN "START" IS USED IN CONTINUOUS TENSES. "REGRET" IS SOMETIMES USED WITH INFINITIVES SUCH AS "TO INFORM. WHEN "NEED" IS USED WITH A GERUND." THE SENTENCE ABOVE MEANS THAT HE REMEMBERED THAT HE NEEDED TO TURN THE LIGHTS OFF. He stopped to rest for a few minutes." He remembered to turn off the lights before he left. AN INFINITIVE IS USED. YOU CAN EITHER USE A GERUND OR AN INFINITIVE. IS NORMALLY USED WITH A We regret to inform you that your position at the company is being eliminated.need The house needs cleaning. "NEED" IS USUALLY USED WITH AN INFINITIVE THE "THE HOUSE OR AN OBJECT + AN INFINITIVE. regret I regretted being late to the interview. IN OTHER SITUATIONS. IT MEANS "TO REMEMBER THAT YOU HAVE DONE SOMETHING.

but she didn't like it. "TRY + GERUND" IS OFTEN USED WHEN YOU EXPERIMENT WITH SOMETHING. SOMEONE TO TRY SOMETHING THEY MAY OR MAY NOT BE ABLE TO ACCOMPLISH. BUT YOU DO NOT SUCCEED IN ACTUALLY DOING IT. but nobody was hiring. Try not to wake the baby when you get up tomorrow at 5 AM. "TRY + GERUND" MEANS TO TRY OR TO She tried to climb the tree." IN THE SENTENCE ABOVE. She tried looking in the paper. YOU WANT TO DO IT. THE INFINITIVE TAKES ON THE MEANING OF ORDER TO. . but she couldn't even get off the ground. She also tried going shop to shop. HE STOPPED IN ORDER TO REST FOR A FEW MINUTES. WHEN YOU "TRY TO DO" SOMETHING. "IN try She can't find a job. EXPERIMENT WITH DIFFERENT METHODS TO SEE IF SOMETHING WORKS. AN INFINITIVE IS USED BECAUSE SHE CANNOT SUCCESSFULLY CLIMB THE TREE. but nobody knew of anything. NORMALLY USED WITH A WHEN "STOP" IS USED WITH AN INFINITIVE."STOP" IS GERUND. IN THE SENTENCE ABOVE. She tried asking friends and family. AN INFINITIVE IS ALSO USED IF YOU ARE ASKING She tried eating the snake soup. BUT YOU DO NOT REALLY LIKE IT OR WANT TO DO IT AGAIN. but there was nothing.