FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 1 The Civic Coalition for Defending the Palestinians’ Rights in Jerusalem 40 YEARS OF OCCUPATION FACT SHEET ON JERUSALEM June 2007 .

The Civic Coalition was established in 2005 and currently consists of 18 organizations. economic and social rights and violations of these rights in Jerusalem. Build the organizational capacity of the Coalition towards achieving its vision and objectives. The Coalition’s goals: 1. capacities and resources to protect the political. political.2 The Coalition The Civic Coalition for Defending the Palestinians’ Rights in Jerusalem (CCDPRJ) is a non-profit nongovernmental community coalition of institutions. 2. the Coalition seeks to coordinate the efforts of human rights organizations in Jerusalem and reinforce Jerusalemites’ awareness of laws. economic. societies. social and cultural rights on the basis of the international law and human rights law. Coordinate and activate advocacy and lobbying on individual and collective human rights issues in Jerusalem. and individuals with expertise and interest in human rights. The Coalition’s vision focuses on preserving the Palestinians’ presence and fortitude in Jerusalem and protecting all their rights by mobilizing efforts. civil. procedures and regulations governing the practices of the Israeli occupation’s government in order to enable the Palestinians to confront human rights violations practiced by the occupying authorities on daily basis. Furthermore. . associations. Promote Palestinians’ awareness of their civil. 3.

FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 3 Contents 4 6 8 10 13 14 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 INTRODUCTION JERUSALEM THE EDUCATION SECTOR INFRASTRUCTURE. ECONOMIC FACILITIES AND SERVICES IN EAST JERUSALEM RESIDENCY RIGHTS JERUSALEMITES’ RIGHT TO HOUSING AND LAND ELECTIONS HEALTH STATUS FREEDOM OF WORSHIP LEGAL STATUS JERUSALEM IN 2020 JERUSALEMITE PRISONERS THE WALL .

characterized by weakened Palestinian and Arab leadership and unlimited imperialistic support to Zionists. who would become an isolated and marginalized minority! Measures and laws have been adopted at the level of housing. the Apartheid Wall represents a significant step in the chain of measures and laws and a fundamental feature of the . Prior to 1948. in addition to other Arab lands. education. Palestine became entirely under occupation. labor. the occupying state initiated a series of measures and laws aimed at a single and definite goal: ethnic cleansing of Palestinians in Jerusalem and replacing them with Jewish settlers to achieve complete Judaization and final Israelization of Jerusalem and of the remnants of its population. the year of the largest ever ethnic cleansing. This historical fact is evident in statements by Zionists themselves on the nature of their plans: To empty the land of its original population and replace them with Jewish settlers… A land without a people for a people without a land! The conditions of 1948. with an aim to increase the proportion of Jewish settlers and minimize the number of Palestinian population. since the time when the annexation of Jerusalem to Israel was declared on 28 June 1967. presented the ideal opportunity for an extensive cleansing campaign in Palestine. the Jewish Agency and Jewish Colonial Fund pursued a constant policy of replacing the Palestinian population with Jewish settlers. This policy has its roots in the changes occurring in Palestine in 1948 and in the fundamental colonial nature of the Zionist plans. the policy of the Israeli occupation in Jerusalem has been characterized by clear features and organized through a series of partial objectives leading to a specific goal. residency and movement. Therefore. In 1967. The Arab and Palestinian loss of 1967 war created new realities conducive to the expansion of Zionist plans. health. including Jerusalem.4 Introduction Since 1967. In this context. etc. registration of newborns.

and the same level of insolence of facts openly declared by Zionists? . Palestinians. i. many of which are taken from Israeli sources. it has become the most prominent means of ethnic cleansing in Jerusalem in particular. The production of this booklet is meant to be a cry by the Civic Coalition for Defending Palestinians’ Rights in Jerusalem aimed at disclosing the core features of the Israeli occupation’s policy. Facts outlined in this booklet are indicative of that combined core feature: ethnic cleansing and replacement. Both represent the most prominent feature of the colonial plans taking place in Jerusalem.e. This is the major characteristic of the Zionist colonialism.FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 5 overall Zionist colonial plans. and by a virtue of lines on a piece of paper. the West Bank. The Zionist plans have no meaning without ethnic cleansing. These facts put us. It also results in another core principle – replacement. but all lead to the same point: Judaization and Israelization.” Therefore. it puts tens of thousands of Palestinians outside “Jerusalem boundaries. There has been a wide range of terminology used to describe the Israeli occupation’s policy in Jerusalem. before the test of history: Will our response to the Israeli occupation’s policy in Jerusalem be at a level equal to challenges it is faced with. which stands in their core. a cemented wall and barbed wires. It has been different than traditional colonialism in that it has in its core an additional combined feature of cleansing and replacement. This is what this booklet seeks to demonstrate through facts. It is also a call for mobilizing resources and potentials in the struggle for the cause of Jerusalem.. The Wall isolates Jerusalem from its Palestinian surrounding.

B. Al-Z’ayem. Beit Ijza. This area includes the following neighborhoods and residential areas: the Old City. Anata. Kufr Aqab. Eastern Sawahreh. Al-Mukabber. Eastern Sawahreh. Beit Hanina. Al-Jdeireh. who were exiled or displaced from the City during the war in June 1967 and April 1968. East Jerusalem: This is the area that was annexed by the Israeli occupying Power in 1967 and became under the administration of the so-called Jerusalem Municipality. Beit Iksa. Shufat. orange or red). Sharfat. Al-Jib. Mukhmas and Qalandia refugee camp. which has been known as .6 Jerusalem Overview: Jerusalem has a very unique status due to its religious and political importance for the Palestinian people. Israel considers Jerusalem suburbs as part of the West Bank. The largest part of the Jewish neighborhood was created on the ruins of Al-Sharaf neighborhood. Issawiyeh. Biddo. Hizma. A-Tur. Jerusalem suburbs: This is the area outside East Jerusalem with 27 Palestinian neighborhoods: Abu Dis. Jaba’. Dahiet Al-Barid. About 170. AlRam. During the 1948 war. the Israeli occupying power appropriated 84% of Jerusalem and seized and annexed the remaining part in 1967. Beit Anan. Silwan. and Al-Ghzayel. since Israel considers it to be within its jurisdiction. Shufat refugee camp. Sur Baher. Bethany. Qalandia. Beit Hanina village. Beit Safafa. Beit Duqqo.000 Palestinians live in these areas. Al-Qubeibeh. Um Touba. Al-Nabi Samuel. holding Palestinian ID cards (green. Qatannah. Contrary to East Jerusalem area. Beit Surik. Rafat. Bir Nabala. Jerusalem has been divided into two areas: A. In result. Al-Sheikh Saad. Following its occupation of the City. About 254.000 Palestinians live in East Jerusalem and hold special blue ID cards. Israel established an expanded Jewish neighborhood within the walls of the Old City at the expense of over 6500 Palestinian residents.

” Today.000. The municipality has revealed its real intentions towards Jerusalem by publishing an official master plan that aims at creating a Jewish majority in the Old City of Jerusalem by the year 2020. the number of Jews in the different areas of East Jerusalem has reached 180.000 Palestinian residents and 180. Since then. This plan includes an item that openly stipulates for “reducing the Arab population density in the Old City. the municipality decided to build dozens of housing units for Jews in Bab Al-Sahreh neighborhood. there were 70. and following the land confiscation measures. the Jewish municipality of Jerusalem has enacted several laws and made numerous decisions to force the Arabs out of the City and replace them with Jews. there are 254.” Few months before that. about 36. Today.FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 7 an Islamic neighborhood and was named in the 15th century as Kurds neighborhood.000 Palestinians are living in the Old City as part of the 254.000 Palestinians living in East Jerusalem. In contrast. they control only 14% of the land. .000 Palestinian residents living in East Jerusalem and no Jewish residents.000 Jewish residents living in East Jerusalem. East Jerusalem population: Prior to 1967. The latest of such decisions was made in 2005 to demolish 98 Arab houses in AlBasatin neighborhood in Silwan on the pretext that they are located in the area of the “Holy Reservoir. The Palestinians controlled 100% of the land in 1967. but now.

About 56% of students were enrolled in schools run by the municipality. such as labs. and 41 private schools. About 40% of teachers holding West Bank ID cards cannot ensure regular access to their schools due to the policy of Jerusalem isolation. with an average classroom density of 0.9 sq.25-2. meters per student). Out of the 130 schools.8 The education sector In the scholastic year 2004/05. which were not originally designed to host schools. 20% in private schools and 6% in UNRWA schools. which leads to low quality of education. School dropout rates are elevated. Some schools have inadequate infrastructure that should support the education process and classrooms are overcrowded. meter per student (compared with an international standard of 1. . there were 72. 3. 46 by the municipality. Schools have poor infrastructure. 2. 18% in Islamic Waqf schools. 3.109 students enrolled in 130 schools in Jerusalem. and computer labs. libraries. Most schools function in rented residential buildings. The existing schools cannot accommodate all students. Islamic Waqf schools: 1. Arab schools run by the municipality lack a real educational supervision system. 6 by UNRWA. playgrounds.0 sq. Most schools lack the supportive facilities. Schools run by Jerusalem municipality: 1. 2. 37 were supervised by the Islamic Waqf. reaching 10%.

causing competent teachers to leave and leading to shortage in basic educational specializations and poor teacher qualification.FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 9 4. About 2000 Jerusalemites from North Jerusalem have to pass through the Wall on daily basis in order to reach schools in AlRam and Dahiet Al-Barid. Gender ratio in Islamic Waqf schools is 35.09% male students to 64. Additional 6500 Jerusalemite students living behind the Wall north to the City have to pass the Wall on daily basis in order to reach schools inside Jerusalem. Teacher salaries are low. 6. 7. 5.91% females students! .

Since 1999.10 Infrastructure. The remaining 55% are located outside the municipal boundaries but within Jerusalem governorate. while the occupation’s municipality levies large sums of money from Arab residents. About 45% of the economic establishments are located within the municipal boundaries. the adverse political situation.000 to 36. the number of economic establishments has been declining with a rate of 100 per annum. including 28% as tourist establishments. while they receive less than 5% of the municipality’s budget allocation. leading to an increased pressure on the existing facilities and infrastructure.000. the siege and checkpoints. Jerusalem lacks an industrial zone. and lately the Wall. The unemployment rate among the Jerusalemites is over 40% and the poverty rate is over 50%. More than 25% of the shops in the City have been shut down completely due to the siege and elevated taxes imposed by the Israeli authorities on Palestinians. and is estimated now at 5000 establishments. economic facilities and services in East Jerusalem The Arab population in Jerusalem comprise 35% of the total population and pay 33% of total taxes levied by the municipality. The reason for this decline is the deteriorated economic situation. . The residents of the Old City have increased from 22. Only 2% of the municipality’s budget is invested in infrastructure in East Jerusalem. Up to 97% of these establishments are small-scale.

health care or employment.000 holders of Jerusalem IDs outside the Wall. In contrast. Palestinian Counseling Center. social. which is ranging between 8-23% only. Caused irregularity in workers’ attendance to their worksites and reduced the number of production hours. services and commerce. Increased the costs of transportation by 30-40%. Labor market: Economy in Jerusalem is primarily dependent on tourism. In this sense. the Wall has created discontinuity in the psychological. The Wall and Its Long and Short Term Psychological Effects. which used to compose 20% of total sales. a special paper. economic and cultural integration of individuals and groups. Ceased the trade of food products with Gaza Strip. Isolated vital areas like Bir Nabala and Bethany.2 Deprived Palestinians residing outside Jerusalem from accessing Jerusalem for worship. Azzam Tawfiq Abul-Su’ood. 1 The Impact of the Apartheid Wall on the Different Economic Sectors in Arab Jerusalem. Reduced the occupancy rate in Jerusalem hotels. which are considered centers for wholesale and storage. a paper presented by Rana AlNashsashibi. causing disorders in all these different aspects of daily living.FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 11 Major economic losses suffered by Jerusalemites due to the isolation of Jerusalem:1 The Apartheid Wall has left 100. industry comprises a very small part and agriculture is non-existent. social visits. Chamber of Industry and Commerce in Arab Jerusalem. 2 . Reduced the retail trade to about 40% of its 2000 level and reduced wholesale trade.

the private sector has a very large share of this responsibility. The rest join the Palestinian labor market in Jerusalem and in areas under the control of the Palestinian Authority (PA). About 15% of those are university graduates. . The rest are either school dropouts or students completing the secondary school level. The capacity of the public sector to absorb these newcomers dos not exceed 10% at best. Hence.12 About 9. either in the public or private sectors.000 new workers enter the labor market annually. The Israeli labor market absorbs 35-40% of these workers.

combined with forfeiting the related social and economic rights. the Israeli Ministry of Interior started to check the status of Jerusalemites in terms of who is residing in Jerusalem and who has left to live outside the city boundaries.3 Presently. It is estimated that between 50. The proportion of such children who cannot register at public schools or receive medical care due to their non-registration is estimated to be 23.000 children are living in East Jerusalem without being registered in their parents’ ID cards. Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights. 4 Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Jerusalem.874 cases of residency have been cancelled between 1967 and 1996 and 2.4 3 Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Jerusalem. 28-30. March .6%. A total of 3. Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights. about 10.722 cases between January 1996 and August 1999.000-80.FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 13 Residency rights: In 1993.000 Palestinians have moved to live in the city suburbs and subsequently their residency status in Jerusalem has been at risk of being cancelled. March 2003. pp.

Only 2% of the housing units or even less were built for Palestinians. In the period between July 2005 and July 2006. the number of housing units inhabited by Jerusalemites was about 32. About 35% of lands were confiscated for the use of the Israeli occupation’s expanded municipality. The population growth rate among Arabs in Jerusalem stands at 3%. . the Israeli intentions have become to reduce the proportion of Arab residents to 12%.7. However. The remaining area of Arab lands that can be used for construction does not exceed 9500 dunums out of a total area of 72 sq. Following the construction of the Wall. This area is definitely inadequate to meet the needs of the population growth. km. these schemes have never been released. About 52% of the lands are classified as “green” (where construction is not allowed). The occupying authorities did not approve any structural scheme for Palestinians in East Jerusalem up to early 1980s. The Israeli policy of land expropriation has deprived the Palestinian Jerusalemites from using 86% of their lands. The average number of rooms per housing unit was 3. After 39 years of occupation.800 units.3 rooms and the average number of persons per unit was 7.14 Jerusalemites’ right to housing and land: A decision was issued in 1973 by the Israeli inter-ministerial committee on Jerusalem affairs to limit the percentage of Arabs to 22% of the City’s total population. the occupation authorities’ mayor announced that 50 structural schemes will be released in Jerusalem. 98% of housing units built in Jerusalem were built for Jewish settlers. In 2000.

Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights.500 houses.FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 15 The average cost for obtaining a permit for a housing unit is about US $25. whether for security or structural allegations.6 A total of 782 cases of house demolition.000 to families that already have a construction permit. Palestinians are allowed to build on a maximum of 75% of the land area. Apartment rent fees may range between $600-1000 for a 3 bedroom apartment. About 1400 houses within the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem are in urgent need for renovation and full rehabilitation. whereas the Jews are allowed to build to an extent reaching 300% of land area. evacuation or appropriation have been documented since the beginning of 2000 and by end of August 2006.000. properties and population by Arab Studies Society – Department of Maps and Geographic Information Systems. all on the pretext of violation of construction laws. 6 . The number of houses demolished in Jerusalem since June 1967 and by the year 2006 is over 8. The property tax (Arnona) differs according to the house classification and reaches about 6.600 NIS per housing unit. closure. 5 A paper submitted to the Coalition of Jerusalem NGOs on land. 5 The Palestinian Housing Council offers loans not exceeding US $30.

The number of Jerusalemites who have the right to vote is estimated to be between 130. The remaining Jerusalemites living in East Jerusalem have to vote in electoral centers located in Jerusalem suburbs.000! .000 and 190. this number represents the maximum number of East Jerusalem residents who can vote in these post offices. Thus.16 Elections: The Interim Agreement signed between PLO and Israel on elections states that voting in the elections in East Jerusalem can take place in 5 post offices run by the Israeli Postal Authority (include 11 electoral stations). The capacity of such post offices does not exceed a total of 5367 electors on the election day.

and suffers from multiple problems. Some health centers have entered into contracts with the Israeli patients’ funds to provide secondary services. closures and violations against Jerusalem on one hand.These centers often work without any type of monitoring. including water and sewage networks. lack of mental health and rehabilitation services. Children under 15 years comprise 45% of the population and elderly people over 65 years are 4%. average . Some health status indicators: Natural growth = 3. There is a real risk of severe decline in health services in the form of shortage of certain medical specializations. However. compared to West Jerusalem. but the primary health services are almost non-existent. inadequate waste management. and the continued need for emergency services on the other. .FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 17 Health status:7 Jerusalem is a main center of health services for Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza Strip. and lack of comprehensive health care based on a developmental approach. including treatment of drug users. negatively affecting health development in the City. providing types of services that are lacking in other Palestinian areas. The sanitary infrastructure in Jerusalem is very poor. Health status in Jerusalem is affected by the increasing poverty levels due to the economic isolation. There is a general lack of funds and dependency on external funding. inadequacy of emergency and ambulance services. overcrowding. supervision and reference. such as environmental pollution.2. and poor sanitary facilities. Palestinians from the West Bank and Jerusalem suburbs are continually banned from entering the City for medical treatment. fertility rate = 5. 7 Source: Union of Health Work Committees.5%.

Jerusalem IDs have been withdrawn from about 300 persons during the Intifada. depriving them from health services.7% of the Jerusalemites are covered by health insurance.000 live births. 83.18 Average life expectancy at birth = 70 years. The Israeli governmental health insurance was imposed on holders of Jerusalem IDs since 1995. infant mortality rate = 17 per 1. . The occupancy rate is 54%. There are 9 Palestinian hospitals in Jerusalem with a total of 646 beds. Overall. This percentage increase to 90% inside the municipal boundaries and decreases to 71% outside.

FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 19 Freedom of worship: In 1993. the Israeli authorities established its policy of isolating Jerusalem from its Palestinian surroundings by banning West Bank residents from accessing Jerusalem unless they obtain a specific entry permit from the Israeli military administration. . After the outburst of Al-Aqsa Intifada on 28 September 2000 and the construction of the apartheid Wall around Jerusalem. The same applies to the access of West Bank worshippers to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in religious events. there has been a sharp decline in the number of worshippers entering Jerusalem. as the number of people attending the payers at AlAqsa mosque has often become limited to only few thousands.

Thus. are null and void and must be rescinded forthwith. In light of the international law. no matter how long the occupation lasts. sovereignty remains in the hands of the occupied people. 478.” where article 1 stipulated that “Jerusalem united in its entirety is the capital of Israel. the occupying Power.. exactly as the case with the West Bank.” The international law does not acknowledge unilateral annexation and does not grant the occupying Power. 1980. the Capital of Israel. the UN Security Council issued its resolution No. the occupying Power is banned from altering its character and geography and from harassing its population with the aim of forcing them out. sovereignty over the occupied territory.20 Legal status: On July 30. and in particular the recent “basic law” on Jerusalem. i. which have altered or purport to alter the character and the status of the Holy City of Jerusalem. Rather. stating that “all legislative and administrative measures and actions taken by Israel. the Palestinian people living in the City. the Israeli Parliament (Knesset) endorsed “the basic law: Jerusalem. 1980. . Jerusalem has been and remains an occupied territory. who have the right to self-determination.e.” On August 20.

The central element in this plan is the demographic conflict. where over 150. At the same time.8 The population-related envision. is to cut out Arab neighborhoods that were annexed to Israel following the 1967 war. 8 Kol Ha’ir.000 Palestinians live. 4 May 2002. . and transfer them to the PA. The plan aims at reducing the Arab population density in the Old City by direct intervention from the government and active involvement of colonial societies in the appropriation of houses by several means and regulations. the head of Ateret Cohanim society. This campaign is managed by Arie King. Colonial societies are running a campaign to transfer Palestinians from East Jerusalem abroad. Israel will annex the Israeli settlements both within the municipal boundaries and outside in the West Bank in order to create an absolute Jewish majority beyond 88%.FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 21 Jerusalem in 2020: A structural scheme has been developed for Jerusalem for the year 2020 aiming at developing the City and strengthening its weight as the capital of the State of Israel and a center and a holy city for the Jewish people. on which the plan is based.

. 21. especially in view of the limited employment capacity of Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem. 9 From a study by a law institution published in Al-Quds Newspaper. The number of Jerusalemite detainees who have been held in Jail since the pre-Oslo period and have not been released yet is 51 prisoners. p.” which they would never obtain from the Israeli intelligence. This situation increases the problem of unemployment. In legal terms. Sixteen of Jerusalemite prisoners are children. the Jerusalemite prisoners are dealt with as Palestinians when they demand their rights and as Israeli citizens when there are prisoner exchange deals.22 Jerusalemite prisoners:9 There are 525 Jerusalemite prisoners in the Israeli jails. 18 April 2007. There are six female prisoners from Jerusalem. Jerusalemite ex-prisoners are not allowed to work in Israeli workshops and institutions unless they obtain a certificate of “good conduct. Twelve Jerusalemite prisoners died in Jail.

2% inside the Wall and 31.3% inside the Wall and 26.6% outside the Wall). It isolates Jerusalem from its geographic and strategic contact with the West Bank. The father was separated from the family in 18.FACT SHEET ON J E R U S A L E M 23 The Wall:10 Upon the completion of the Wall in Jerusalem governorate. Mid 2006.4% outside the Wall).9% inside the Wall and 12.000 Jerusalemites living in Qalandia and Kufr Aqab area have been deprived from easy access to their work and markets in Jerusalem.2% of households in Jerusalem governorate have been partially or totally confiscated (5. members of 69. Al-Jdeireh.7% of Palestinian families in Jerusalem governorate (12. The timing of allowed passage was a problem for 92. In addition.2% outside the Wall).4% inside the Wall and 91.0% of the families (14.1% of the families were forced to be absent from university/college for several days due to the closure of the area.5% inside the Wall and 32. either the entire family or at least one family member (15.” About 17% of Jerusalem residents have been displaced due to the Wall.5% inside the Wall and 95.7% of the families.4% of Palestinian families in Jerusalem governorate have been separated from relatives.2% outside the Wall).7% of the families (93.” More than 15. and Old Beit Hanina have become a closed “ghetto. especially after transforming the Qalandia military checkpoint to a “crossing. 10 A study by Badil Center and the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. the time consumed in moving through the checkpoints has been an obstacle for their members (94. Lands of 19. In 94. About 21.3% outside the Wall). Bir Nabala. its total length will be 181 kilometers. The mother was separated from the family in 12.4% of families enrolled in basic/ secondary education were forced to be absent from school. .0% outside the Wall). Members of 72.

Arab Studies Society.e. .000 settlers in 2006 11 Department of Maps and Geographic Information Systems. Givat Hamatos Givat Hamegtar French Hill Maalot Dafna Nevi Yaakov Jewish Quarter Pisgat Ze’ev Ramat Eshkol Ramat Shlomo Ramot Sanhedria Total Area 1195 2859 2523 + 310 Population 12591 27569 1125 588 2948 2018 6631 380 3617 1759 20250 122 2348 5467 38684 397 3046 1126 12822 4979 38992 378 4994 24764 dunums.617 settlers in 35% 2002 182. 175.24 Israeli settlements within the Jerusalem municipal boundaries. their area and population11 Settlement East Talpiot Gilo Abu Ghneim Mountain. i..

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