· · · ·

Blotter Entry Police Report Statements Letter-request YES

B2 NO Probable Cause? Complaint · · · YES Subpoena Copy of the Complaint Supporting Affidavits · ·

PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION ARREST · · · Information Resolution Supporting Evidence Motion for Judicial Determination of Probable Cause NO FILING OF THE INFORMATION Probable Cause? YES · Arrest Warrant Post Bail? YES Motion to Suspend Arraignment Granted? NO NO YES Grounds for Suspension of Arraignment? NO A8

YES

Go back to appropriate process (e.g. DoJ Appeal)

POLICE INVESTIGATION

Complaint? NO

·

Resolution Draft Information B3

B8

C8

NO Appeal to the DoJ? YES

Warrantless Arrest? YES Respondent Complies? YES

NO

· ·

DoJ APPEAL INQUEST · · Counteraffidavit Supporting documents NO Motion to Fix Bail · · Draft Information Pending Resolution? Rejoinder Affidavit YES C4

OR · Commitment Order QUASHAL OF ARREST WARRANT

· OR · Surety Bond OR · Property Bond OR · Recognizance

Bail Form 3 recent Photos Cash Deposit

BAIL

Motion to Amend Information

C7

Motion to Quash Information

NO A7 Granted? YES A9 C9

A4

Motion to Quash Arrest Warrant

NO YES NO Granted? B5 NO NO YES Bailable Offense? Petition for Bail YES

NO Defective Information Which ground for quashal? Dbl Jpdy / No Jurisdic tion

B9

Granted?

YES Granted? NO YES Granted?

AMENDMENT OF INFORMATION

A5

YES Request for P.I.? NO

·

Written Waiver of RPC Art. 125

CLARIFICATORY HEARING A2 B4

SERVICE OF ARREST WARRANT

Amount Inappropriate? YES Motion to Increase/Reduce Bail

WITHDRAWAL OF RESOLUTION

C5 B6 B7 DISMISSAL OF INFORMATION Motion for Bill of Particulars

YES Probable Cause? NO C2 A3

YES Granted? NO RE-FIXING OF BAIL POSTING OF BAIL

DISMISSAL OF COMPLAINT

C3 A6 C6

DISMISSAL OF INFORMATION

ARRAIGNMENT

A#

INTERLOCUTORY APPEALS PROCESS

· ·

Petition for Search Warrant Supporting Affidavits

APPEALS JUDGMENT (go back to pre-appeal judgment) AUTOMATIC REVIEW (CA)

YES

MFR YES YES Granted? NO NO PETITION FOR CERTIORARI (CA) YES Probable Cause? A13 C13 · RULE 41 APPEAL Notice of Appeal · SEARCH WARRANT HEARING RULE 40 APPEAL SEARCH AND SEIZURE Notice of Appeal

RTC, Reclusion perpetua or higher? NO

Errors of Law, Irregularities Grounds? New Evidence PRE-TRIAL

·

Motion to Correct Pre-trial Order Pre-trial Order

TRIAL MODIFIED TRIAL ORDER (Defense first, or both Prosecution and Defense)

From MTC to RTC? NO

YES Guilty plea / Justifying Circumstances? Motion for Leave to Amend Information NO Granted? YES A11, 12 Motion to Exclude Accused as State Witness NO Granted? YES A10 Motion to Withdraw Information C10 NO Granted? YES

NO Demurrer to Evidence? NO

C11, 12

YES From RTC to CA? NO

PRESENTATION OF DEFENSE EVIDENCE

YES Granted? B#

·

Search Warrant

B13

QUASHAL / DISMISSAL OF SEARCH WARRANT

Granted? (unappealable by certiorari) NO

YES

PRESENTATION OF PROSECUTION EVIDENCE

YES

YES · RULE 42 APPEAL Petition for Review From MTC then to RTC then to CA? NO REBUTTAL TO DEFENSE EVIDENCE

FORMAL AMENDMENT OF INFORMATION REBUTTAL TO PROSECUTION EVIDENCE

B11, 12

EXCLUSION OF ACCUSED FROM THE INFORMATION

B10

DISMISSAL OF INFORMATION *

NO MFR Motion to Quash Search Warrant B14

YES With Leave? NO

YES YES Granted? C# Granted? NO YES PETITION FOR REVIEW ON CERTIORARI (SC) YES Granted? NO C14 A14 EXECUTION RULE 45 APPEAL · Notice of Appeal CA, Reclusion perpetua? NO YES NO YES AUTOMATIC REVIEW (SC) CA, Death penalty? Reclusion perpetua or higher? YES Appeal? NO ENTRY OF JUDGMENT YES NO YES ENTRY OF JUDGMENT · RULE 45 APPEAL Petition for Review From CA to SC, below reclusion perpetua? NO

Motion to Exclude Illegally Seized Evidence

· ·

Supporting Affidavits Evidence

Motion for New Trial

Acquittal? NO MFR Motion to Modify Judgment

JUDGMENT

Remedial Law 1: Criminal Procedure Rules 110-127

SERVICE OF SEARCH WARRANT

POSTCONVICTION REVIEW

MODIFICATION OF JUDGMENT

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