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200S 8Ak LkAMS ÇULS1ICNS IN CkIMINAL LAW

Ŵ I Ŵ
(1Ŧ) ulsLlngulsh Lhe followlng from each oLherť

a) Complex crlme under ArLlcle 48 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal CodeŤ
b) Speclal complex crlmeŤ and
c) dellLo conLlnuadoŦ (3Ʒ)

(2Ŧ) under ArLlcle 27 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal Codeţ as amended by 8epubllc AcL (8A) noŦ 7939ţ recluslon
perpeLua shall be from 20 years and 1 day Lo 40 yearsŦ

uoes Lhls mean LhaL recluslon perpeLua ls now a dlvlslble penalLy? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

(3Ŧ) ulsLlngulsh pecunlary penalLles from pecunlary llablllLlesŦ (2Ʒ)

(4Ŧ) 1aklng lnLo accounL Lhe naLure and elemenLs of Lhe felonles of coup d' eLaL and rapeţ may one be
crlmlnally llable for frusLraLed coup d' eLaL or frusLraLed rape? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

(3Ŧ) ulsLlngulsh malum ln se from malum prohlblLumŦ (2Ʒ)

Ŵ II Ŵ

(1Ŧ) 8elle saw CasLon sLeallng Lhe prlzed cock of a nelghbor and reporLed hlm Lo Lhe pollceŦ 1hereafLerţ
CasLonţ whlle drlvlng a car saw 8elle crosslng Lhe sLreeLŦ lncensed LhaL 8elle had reporLed hlmţ CasLon
declded Lo scare her by Lrylng Lo make lL appear LhaL he was abouL Lo run her overŦ Pe revved Lhe
englne of hls car and drove Lowards her buL he applled Lhe brakesŦ Slnce Lhe road was sllppery aL LhaL
Llmeţ Lhe vehlcle skldded and hlL 8elle causlng her deaLhŦ

WhaL ls Lhe llablllLy of CasLon? Why? (4Ʒ)

(2Ŧ) uu was engaged ln Lhe warehouse buslnessŦ SomeLlme ln november 2004ţ he was ln dlre need of
moneyŦ Peţ Lhusţ sold merchandlse deposlLed ln hls warehouse Lo v8 for Þ300ţ000Ŧ00Ŧ uu was charged
wlLh LhefLţ as prlnclpalţ whlle v8 as accessoryŦ 1he courL convlcLed uu of LhefL buL acqulLLed v8 on Lhe
ground LhaL he purchased Lhe merchandlse ln good falLhŦ Poweverţ Lhe courL ordered v8 Lo reLurn Lhe
merchandlse Lo Lhe owner Lhereof and ordered uu Lo refund Lhe Þ300ţ000Ŧ00 Lo v8Ŧ

uu moved for Lhe reconslderaLlon of Lhe declslon lnslsLlng LhaL he should be acqulLLed of LhefL because
belng Lhe deposlLaryţ he had [urldlcal possesslon of Lhe merchandlseŦ v8 also moved for Lhe
reconslderaLlon of Lhe declslon lnslsLlng LhaL slnce he was acqulLLed of Lhe crlme chargedţ and LhaL he
purchased Lhe merchandlse ln good falLhţ he ls noL obllgaLed Lo reLurn Lhe merchandlse Lo lLs ownerŦ

8ule on Lhe moLlons wlLh reasonsŦ (3Ʒ)





Ŵ III Ŵ

(1Ŧ) Parold was convlcLed of a crlme deflned and penallzed by a speclal penal law where Lhe lmposable
penalLy ls from 6 monLhsţ as mlnlmumţ Lo 3 yearsţ as maxlmumŦ SLaLe wlLh reasons wheLher Lhe courL
may correcLly lmpose Lhe followlng penalLlesť

a) a sLralghL penalLy of 10 monLhsŤ

b) 6 monLhsţ as mlnlmumţ Lo 11 monLhsţ as maxlmumŤ

c) a sLralghL penalLy of 2 yearsŦ (3Ʒ)

(2Ŧ) L and M are convlcLed of a penal law LhaL lmposes a penalLy of flne or lmprlsonmenL or boLh flne
and lmprlsonmenLŦ 1he [udge senLenced Lhem Lo pay Lhe flneţ [olnLly and severallyţ wlLh subsldlary
lmprlsonmenL ln case of lnsolvencyŦ

a) ls Lhe penalLy proper? LxplalnŦ

b) May Lhe [udge lmpose an alLernaLlve penalLy of flne or lmprlsonmenL? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

(3Ŧ) 1he accused was found gullLy of 10 counLs of rape for havlng carnal knowledge wlLh Lhe same
womanŦ ln addlLlon Lo Lhe penalLy of lmprlsonmenLţ he was ordered Lo pay lndemnlLy ln Lhe amounL of
Þ30ţ000Ŧ00 for each counLŦ

Cn appealţ Lhe accused quesLlons Lhe award of clvll lndemnlLy for each counLţ conslderlng LhaL Lhe
vlcLlm ls Lhe same womanŦ Pow would you rule on Lhe conLenLlon of Lhe accused? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Ŵ IV Ŵ

(1Ŧ) Maganda was charged wlLh vlolaLlon of Lhe 8ounclng Checks Law (8Þ 22) punlshable by
lmprlsonmenL of noL less Lhan 30 days buL noL more Lhan 1 year or a flne of noL less Lhan buL noL more
Lhan double Lhe amounL of Lhe checkţ whlch flne shall noL exceed Þ200ţ000Ŧ00ţ or boLhŦ 1he courL
convlcLed her of Lhe crlme and senLenced her Lo pay a flne of Þ30ţ000Ŧ00 wlLh subsldlary lmprlsonmenL
ln case of lnsolvencyţ and Lo pay Lhe prlvaLe complalnanL Lhe amounL of Lhe checkŦ Maganda was unable
Lo pay Lhe flne buL flled a peLlLlon for probaLlonŦ 1he courL granLed Lhe peLlLlon sub[ecL Lo Lhe condlLlonţ
among oLhersţ LhaL she should noL change her resldence wlLhouL Lhe courL's prlor approvalŦ

a) WhaL ls Lhe proper perlod of probaLlon?

b) Supposlng before Lhe Crder of ulscharge was lssued by Lhe courL buL afLer Lhe lapse of Lhe perlod of
probaLlonţ Maganda Lransferred resldence wlLhouL prlor approval of Lhe courLŦ

May Lhe courL revoke Lhe Crder of ÞrobaLlon and order her Lo serve Lhe subsldlary lmprlsonmenL?
LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

(2Ŧ) uu purchased a Lelevlslon seL for Þ30ţ000Ŧ00 wlLh Lhe use of a counLerfelL credlL cardŦ 1he owner of
Lhe esLabllshmenL had no lnkllng LhaL Lhe credlL card used by uu was counLerfelLŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmes dld uu commlL? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Ŵ V Ŵ

Þaz Maslpag worked as a housemald and yaya of Lhe oneŴweek old son of Lhe spouses MarLln and Þops
kurlpoLŦ When Þaz learned LhaL her 70 yearŴold moLher was serlously lllţ she asked MarLln for a cash
advance of Þ1ţ000Ŧ00 buL MarLln refusedŦ Cne mornlngţ Þaz gagged Lhe mouLh of MarLln's son wlLh
sLocklngsŤ placed Lhe chlld ln a boxŤ sealed lL wlLh masklng Lape and placed Lhe box ln Lhe aLLlcŦ LaLer ln
Lhe afLernoonţ she demanded Þ3ţ000Ŧ00 as ransom for Lhe release of hls sonŦ MarLln dld noL pay Lhe
ransomŦ SubsequenLlyţ Þaz dlsappearedŦ AfLer a couple of daysţ MarLln dlscovered Lhe box ln Lhe aLLlc
wlLh hls chlld already deadŦ Accordlng Lo Lhe auLopsy reporLţ Lhe chlld dled of asphyxlaLlon barely Lhree
mlnuLes afLer Lhe box was sealedŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmes dld Þaz commlL? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Ŵ VI Ŵ

Candldo sLabbed an lnnocenL bysLander who accldenLally bumped hlmŦ 1he lnnocenL bysLander dled as
a resulL of Lhe sLabblngŦ Candldo was arresLed and was LesLed Lo be poslLlve for Lhe use of ºshabu" aL
Lhe Llme he commlLLed Lhe sLabblngŦ

WhaL should be Lhe proper charge agalnsL Candldo? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Ŵ VII Ŵ

!ose employed Marlo as gardener and Penry as cookŦ 1hey learned LhaL !ose won Þ300ţ000Ŧ00 ln Lhe
loLLoţ and declded Lo rob hlmŦ Marlo poslLloned hlmself abouL 30 meLers away from !ose's house and
acLed as lookouLŦ lor hls parLţ Penry surrepLlLlously galned enLry lnLo Lhe house and kllled !ose who was
Lhen havlng hls dlnnerŦ Penry found Lhe Þ300ţ000Ŧ00 and Look lLŦ Penry Lhen Look a can of gasollne from
Lhe garage and burned Lhe house Lo conceal Lhe acLsŦ Marlo and Penry fledţ buL were arresLed around
200 meLers away from Lhe house by alerL barangay LanodsŦ 1he Lanods recovered Lhe Þ300ţ000Ŧ00Ŧ

Marlo and Penry were charged wlLh and convlcLed of robbery wlLh homlcldeţ wlLh Lhe aggravaLlng
clrcumsLances of arsonţ dwelllngţ and nlghLLlmeŦ Marlo moved Lo reconslder Lhe declslon malnLalnlng
LhaL he was noL aL Lhe scene of Lhe crlme and was noL aware LhaL Penry kllled Lhe vlcLlmŤ henceţ he was
gullLy only of robberyţ as an accompllceŦ Marlo also clalmed LhaL he consplred wlLh Penry Lo commlL
robbery buL noL Lo klll !oseŦ Penryţ llkewlseţ moved Lo reconslder Lhe declslonţ asserLlng LhaL he ls llable
only for aLLempLed robbery wlLh homlclde wlLh no aggravaLlng clrcumsLanceţ conslderlng LhaL he and
Marlo dld noL beneflL from Lhe Þ300ţ000Ŧ00Ŧ Pe furLher alleged LhaL arson ls a felony and noL an
aggravaLlng clrcumsLanceŤ dwelllng ls noL aggravaLlng ln aLLempLed robbery wlLh homlcldeŤ and
nlghLLlme ls noL aggravaLlng because Lhe house of !ose was llghLed aL Lhe Llme he was kllledŦ

8esolve wlLh reasons Lhe respecLlve moLlons of Marlo and PenryŦ (7Ʒ)

Ŵ VIII Ŵ

ÞeLeţ a securlLy guardţ arrlved home laLe one nlghL afLer renderlng overLlmeŦ Pe was shocked Lo see
llorţ hls wlfeţ and 8en[leţ hls besL frlendţ compleLely naked havlng sexual lnLercourseŦ ÞeLe pulled ouL hls
servlce gun and shoL and kllled 8en[leŦ ÞeLe was charged wlLh murder for Lhe deaLh of 8en[leŦ ÞeLe
conLended LhaL he acLed ln defense of hls honor and LhaLţ Lhereforeţ he should be acqulLLed of Lhe
crlmeŦ 1he courL found LhaL 8en[le dled under excepLlonal clrcumsLances and exoneraLed ÞeLe of Lhe
crlmeţ buL senLenced hlm Lo desLlerroţ conformably wlLh ArLlcle 247 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal CodeŦ 1he
courL also ordered ÞeLe Lo pay lndemnlLy Lo Lhe helrs of Lhe vlcLlm ln Lhe amounL of Þ30ţ000Ŧ00Ŧ

a) ls Lhe defense of ÞeLe merlLorlous? LxplalnŦ

b) under ArLlcle 247 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal Codeţ ls desLlerro a penalLy? LxplalnŦ c) uld Lhe courL correcLly
order ÞeLe Lo pay lndemnlLy desplLe hls exoneraLlon under ArLlcle 247 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal Code?
LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Ŵ Ik Ŵ

Allanţ Lhe Munlclpal 1reasurer of Lhe MunlclpallLy of Ceronaţ was ln a hurry Lo reLurn Lo hls offlce afLer a
dayŴlong offlclal conferenceŦ Pe allghLed from Lhe governmenL car whlch was offlclally asslgned Lo hlmţ
leavlng Lhe lgnlLlon key and Lhe car unlockedţ and rushed Lo hls offlceŦ !ulesţ a bysLanderţ drove off wlLh
Lhe car and laLer sold Lhe same Lo hls broLherţ uanny for Þ20ţ000Ŧ00ţ alLhough Lhe car was worLh
Þ800ţ000Ŧ00Ŧ

a) WhaL are Lhe respecLlve crlmesţ lf anyţ commlLLed by Allanţ uanny and !ules? LxplalnŦ

b) WhaLţ lf anyţ are Lhelr respecLlve clvll llablllLles? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Ŵ k Ŵ

uurlng a ÞnÞ buyŴbusL operaLlonţ Cao Shlh was arresLed for selllng 20 grams of meLhampheLamlne
hydrochlorlde (shabu) Lo a poseurŴbuyerŦ Cao Shlhţ Lhrough an lnLermedlaryţ pald ÞaLrlckţ Lhe Lvldence
CusLodlan of Lhe ÞnÞ lorenslc ChemlsLry SecLlonţ Lhe amounL of Þ300ţ000Ŧ00 ln conslderaLlon for Lhe
desLrucLlon by ÞaLrlck of Lhe drugŦ ÞaLrlck managed Lo desLroy Lhe drugŦ

SLaLe wlLh reasons wheLher ÞaLrlck commlLLed Lhe followlng crlmesť

a) ulrecL brlberyŤ

b) lndlrecL brlberyŤ

c) SecLlon 3(e) of 8A 3019 (AnLlŴCrafL and CorrupL ÞracLlces AcL)Ť

d) CbsLrucLlon of !usLlce under Þu 1829Ť (7Ʒ)

Ŵ kI Ŵ

Cn !uly 1ţ 2004ţ !eL MaLullsţ a pedophlleţ gave Þ1ţ000Ŧ00 Lo Sherlyţ an orphan and a prosLlLuLeţ and
broughL her Lo a moLelŦ Pe lnserLed a rusLy and overslzed vlbraLor lnLo her vaglna wlLh such force LhaL
she bled profuselyŦ !eL panlcked and fledŦ Sherly was broughL Lo Lhe hosplLal and dled a few days laLer
because of shock caused by hemorrhageŦ

a) WhaL crlme or crlmes dld !eL MaLulls commlL? LxplalnŦ

b) lf Sherly were a mlnor when she dledţ would your answer be Lhe same? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Ŵ kII Ŵ

uon CablLoţ a phllanLhroplsLţ offered Lo fund several pro[ecLs of Lhe MayorŦ Pe opened an accounL ln
Lhe Mayor's name and regularly deposlLed varlous amounLs ranglng from Þ300ţ000Ŧ00 Lo Þ1 MllllonŦ
lrom Lhls accounLţ Lhe Mayor wlLhdrew and used Lhe money for consLrucLlng feeder roadsţ barangay
cllnlcsţ repalrlng schools and for all oLher munlclpal pro[ecLsŦ lL was subsequenLly dlscovered LhaL uon
CablLo was acLually a [ueLeng operaLor and Lhe amounLs he deposlLed were proceeds from hls [ueLeng
operaLlonsŦ

WhaL crlme/s were commlLLed?

Who are crlmlnally llable? LxplalnŦ (6Ʒ)

Ŵ kIII Ŵ

Cble !uan ls suspecLed Lo have ln hls possesslon an unspeclfled amounL of meLhampheLamlne
hydrochlorlde or ºshabu"Ŧ An enLrapmenL operaLlon was conducLed by pollce offlcersţ resulLlng ln hls
arresL followlng Lhe dlscovery of 100 grams of Lhe sald dangerous drug ln hls possesslonŦ Pe was
sub[ecLed Lo a drug LesL and was found poslLlve for Lhe use of marl[uanaţ anoLher dangerous drugŦ Pe
was subsequenLly charged wlLh Lwo crlmesť vlolaLlon of SecLlon 11ţ ArLlcle ll of 8A 9163 for Lhe
possesslon of ºshabu" and vlolaLlon of SecLlon 13ţ ArLlcle ll of 8A 9163 for Lhe use of marl[uanaŦ

a) Are Lhe charges proper? LxplalnŦ

b) So as noL Lo be senLenced Lo deaLhţ Cble !uan offers Lo plead gullLy Lo a lesser offenseŦ Can he do so?
Why? (3Ʒ)

Ŵ kIV Ŵ

Al Chuaţ a Chlnese naLlonalţ flled a peLlLlon under oaLh for naLurallzaLlonţ wlLh Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL
of ManllaŦ ln hls peLlLlonţ he sLaLed LhaL he ls marrled Lo Lenl ChuaŤ LhaL he ls llvlng wlLh her ln
Sampalocţ ManllaŤ LhaL he ls of good moral characLerŤ and LhaL he has conducLed hlmself ln an
lrreproachable manner durlng hls sLay ln Lhe ÞhlllpplnesŦ Poweverţ aL Lhe Llme of Lhe flllng of Lhe
peLlLlonţ Lenl Chua was already llvlng ln Cebuţ whlle Al was llvlng wlLh 8abes 1oh ln Manllaţ wlLh whom
he has an amorous relaLlonshlpŦ AfLer hls dlrecL LesLlmonyţ Al Chua wlLhdrew hls peLlLlon for
naLurallzaLlonŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmesţ lf anyţ dld Al Chua commlL? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Ŵ kV Ŵ

ln an lnLervlew alred on Lelevlslonţ Clndee uLLered defamaLory sLaLemenLs agalnsL Lrlkaţ a successful
and repuLable buslnesswomanŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmes dld Clndee commlL? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

nC1PlnC lCLLCWSŦ
8ar Lxams 2006 Çuest|ons |n Cr|m|na| Law

Ŵ I Ŵ

MoLlve ls essenLlal ln Lhe deLermlnaLlon of Lhe commlsslon of a crlme and Lhe llablllLles of Lhe
perpeLraLorsŦ

WhaL are Lhe lnsLances where proof of moLlve ls noL essenLlal or requlred Lo [usLlfy convlcLlon of an
accused? Clve aL leasL 3 lnsLancesŦ 3Ʒ

Ŵ II Ŵ

When can a llllplno clLlzen resldlng ln Lhls counLry use an allas legally? Clve 3 lnsLancesŦ 2Ŧ3Ʒ

under whaL slLuaLlons may a prlvaLe person enLer any dwelllngţ resldenceţ or oLher esLabllshmenLs
wlLhouL belng llable for Lrespass Lo dwelllng? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

Ŵ III Ŵ

WhaL are Lhe 3 ways of commlLLlng arblLrary deLenLlon? Lxplaln eachŦ 2Ŧ3Ʒ

WhaL are Lhe legal grounds for deLenLlon? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

When ls an arresL by a peace offlcer or by a prlvaLe person consldered lawful? LxplalnŦ 3Ʒ

Ŵ IV Ŵ

LnumeraLe Lhe dlfferences beLween pardon and amnesLyŦ 2Ŧ3Ʒ

under ÞresldenLlal ÞroclamaLlon noŦ 724ţ amendlng ÞresldenLlal ÞroclamaLlon noŦ 347ţ cerLaln crlmes
are covered by Lhe granL of amnesLyŦ name aL leasL 3 of Lhese crlmesŦ 2Ŧ3Ʒ

Can former uSWu SecreLary ulnky Sollman apply for amnesLy? Pow abouL columnlsL 8andy uavld? (?ou
are supposed Lo know Lhe crlmes or offenses ascrlbed Lo Lhem as publlshed ln almosL all newspapers for
Lhe pasL several monLhsŦ) 2Ŧ3Ʒ

Ceneral Llm and Ceneral Cuerubln of Lhe ScouL 8angers and Þhlllpplne Marlnesţ respecLlvelyţ were
charged wlLh conducL unbecomlng an offlcer and a genLleman under Lhe ArLlcles of War Ŧ Can Lhey apply
for amnesLy? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

Ŵ V Ŵ

1here are aL leasL 7 lnsLances or slLuaLlons ln crlmlnal cases whereln Lhe accusedţ elLher as an adulL or as
a mlnorţ can apply for and/or be granLed a suspended senLenceŦ LnumeraLe aL leasL 3 of LhemŦ 3Ʒ

Ŵ VI Ŵ

ln 1982ţ Lhe Þhlllpplne naLlonal 8ank (Þn8)ţ Lhen a governmenL banklng lnsLlLuLlonţ hlred Penry dela
8enLaţ a CÞAţ as 8eglonal 8ank AudlLorŦ ln 1992ţ he reslgned and was employed by Lhe Þhlllpplne
ueposlL lnsurance CorporaLlon (ÞulC)ţ anoLher governmenLŴowned and conLrolled corporaLlonŦ ln 1993ţ
afLer Lhe Þn8 managemenL unearLhed many lrregularlLles and vlolaLlons of Lhe bank's rules and
regulaLlonsţ dela 8enLa was found Lo have manlpulaLed cerLaln accounLs lnvolvlng LrusL funds and Llme
deposlLs of deposlLorsŦ AfLer lnvesLlgaLlonţ he was charged wlLh malversaLlon of publlc funds before Lhe
SandlganbayanŦ Pe flled a moLlon Lo dlsmlss conLendlng he was no longer an employee of Lhe Þn8 buL
of Lhe ÞulCŦ

ls dela 8enLa's conLenLlon Lenable? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

AfLer hls arralgnmenLţ Lhe prosecuLlon flled a moLlon for hls suspenslon pendenLe llLeţ Lo whlch he flled
an opposlLlon clalmlng LhaL he can no longer be suspended as he ls no longer an employee of Lhe Þn8
buL LhaL of Lhe ÞulCŦ

Lxplaln wheLher he mayor may noL be suspendedŦ 2Ŧ3Ʒ

Ŵ VII Ŵ

Whlle Lhe 3Ŧ3Ŧ nagoya Maru was negoLlaLlng Lhe sea rouLe from Pongkong Lowards Manllaţ and whlle
sLlll 300 mlles from Aparrlţ Cagayanţ lLs englnes malfuncLlonedŦ 1he CapLaln ordered Lhe shlp Lo sLop for
emergency repalrs lasLlng for almosL 13 hoursŦ uue Lo exhausLlonţ Lhe offlcers and crew fell asleepŦ
Whlle Lhe shlp was anchoredţ a moLorboaL manned by renegade ?banags from Claverlaţ Cagayanţ
passed by and Look advanLage of Lhe slLuaLlonŦ 1hey cuL Lhe shlp's englnes and Look away several heavy
craLes of elecLrlcal equlpmenL and loaded Lhem ln Lhelr moLorboaLŦ 1hen Lhey lefL hurrledly Lowards
AparrlŦ AL daybreakţ Lhe crew found LhaL a robbery Look placeŦ 1hey radloed Lhe Aparrl ÞorL AuLhorlLles
resulLlng ln Lhe apprehenslon of Lhe culprlLsŦ

WhaL crlme was commlLLed? LxplalnŦ 2Ŧ3Ʒ

Supposlng LhaL whlle Lhe robbery was Laklng placeţ Lhe culprlLs sLabbed a member of Lhe crew whlle
sleeplngŦ

WhaL crlme was commlLLed? LxplalnŦ 2Ŧ3Ʒ
Ŵ VIII Ŵ

Commlssloner Marlan 1orres of Lhe 8ureau of lnLernal 8evenue (8l8) wroLe sollclLaLlon leLLers
addressed Lo Lhe llllplnoŴChlnese Chamber of Commerce and lndusLry and Lo cerLaln CLCs of varlous
mulLlnaLlonal corporaLlons requesLlng donaLlons of glfLs for her offlce ChrlsLmas parLyŦ She used Lhe
8ureau's offlclal sLaLloneryŦ 1he response was prompL and overwhelmlng so much so LhaL Commlssloner
1orres' offlce was overcrowded wlLh rlce cookersţ radlo seLsţ freezersţ elecLrlc sLoves and LoasLersŦ Per
sLaff also recelved several envelopes conLalnlng cash money for Lhe employees' ChrlsLmas luncheonŦ

Pas Commlssloner 1orres commlLLed any lmproprleLy or lrregularlLy? WhaL laws or decrees dld she
vlolaLe? 3Ʒ

Ŵ Ik Ŵ

Lduardo CulnLosţ a wldower for Lhe pasL 10 yearsţ felL LhaL hls reLlremenL aL Lhe age of 70 gave hlm Lhe
opporLunlLy Lo engage ln hls favorlLe pasLlme Ŷ voyeurlsmŦ lf noL uslng hls hlghŴpowered blnoculars Lo
peep aL hls nelghbor's homes and domesLlc acLlvlLlesţ hls second cholce was Lo follow sweeL young glrlsŦ
Cne dayţ he Lralled a Leenage glrl up Lo Lhe L81 sLaLlon aL LuSAŴ8uendlaŦ Whlle ascendlng Lhe sLalrsţ he
sLayed one sLep behlnd her and ln a momenL of bravadoţ placed hls hand on her lefL hlp and genLly
massaged lLŦ She screamed and shouLed for helpŦ Lduardo was arresLed and charged wlLh acLs of
lasclvlousnessŦ ls Lhe deslgnaLlon of Lhe crlme correcL? 3Ʒ

Ŵ k Ŵ

!almeţ Andy and !lmmyţ laborers ln Lhe noodles facLory of Luke 1anţ agreed Lo klll hlm due Lo hls
arrogance and mlserllnessŦ Cne afLernoonţ Lhey selzed hlm and loaded hlm ln a Laxl drlven by MarloŦ
1hey Lold Marlo Lhey wlll only Leach Luke a lesson ln ChrlsLlan humlllLyŦ Marlo drove Lhem Lo a flshpond
ln navoLas where Luke was enLrusLed Lo Lmll and Louleţ Lhe flshpond careLakersţ asklng Lhem Lo hlde
Luke ln Lhelr shack because he was runnlng from Lhe n8lŦ 1he Lrlo Lhen lefL ln Marlo's car for Manlla
where Lhey called up Luke's famlly and LhreaLened Lhem Lo klll Luke unless Lhey glve a ransom wlLhln 24
hoursŦ unknown Lo Lhemţ because of a leakţ Lhe kldnapplng was announced over Lhe radlo and 1vŦ Lmll
and Loule heard Lhe broadcasL and panlckedţ especlally when Lhe announcer sLaLed LhaL Lhere ls a
shooLŴLoŴklll order for Lhe kldnappersŦ Lmll and Loule Look Luke Lo Lhe seashore of uagaLŴdagaLan where
Lhey smashed hls head wlLh a shovel and burled hlm ln Lhe sandŦ Poweverţ Lhey were seen by a
barangay kagawad who arresLed Lhem and broughL Lhem Lo Lhe pollce sLaLlonŦ upon lnLerrogaLlonţ Lhey
confessed and polnLed Lo !almeţ Andyţ !lmmy and Marlo as Lhose responslble for Lhe kldnapplngŦ LaLerţ
Lhe 4 were arresLed and chargedŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmes dld Lhe 6 suspecLs commlL? 3Ʒ

Ŵ kI Ŵ

Ana has been a bar glrl/C8C aL a beer house for more Lhan 2 yearsŦ She fell ln love wlLh Cnlokţ Lhe
barLenderţ who lmpregnaLed herŦ 8uL Ana dld noL lnform hlm abouL her condlLlon andţ lnsLeadţ wenL
home Lo Cebu Lo conceal her shameŦ Poweverţ her parenLs drove her awayŦ Soţ she reLurned Lo Manlla
and sLayed wlLh Cnlok ln hls boardlng houseŦ upon learnlng of her pregnancyţ already ln an advanced
sLaLeţ Cnlok Lrled Lo persuade her Lo undergo an aborLlonţ buL she refusedŦ 8ecause of Lhelr consLanL
and blLLer quarrelsţ she suffered blrLh pangs and gave blrLh premaLurely Lo a llve baby glrl whlle Cnlok
was aL hls place of workŦ upon comlng home and learnlng whaL happenedţ he prevalled upon Ana Lo
conceal her dlshonorŦ Penceţ Lhey placed Lhe lnfanL ln a shoe box and Lhrew lL lnLo a nearby creekŦ
Poweverţ an lnqulslLlve nelghbor saw Lhem and wlLh Lhe help of oLhersţ reLrleved Lhe lnfanL who was
already dead from drownlngŦ 1he lncldenL was reporLed Lo Lhe pollce who arresLed Ana and CnlokŦ 1he
2 were charged wlLh parrlclde under ArLlcle 246 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal CodeŦ AfLer Lrlalţ Lhey were
convlcLed of Lhe crlme chargedŦ

Was Lhe convlcLlon correcL? 3Ʒ
Ŵ kII Ŵ

!udge 8od 8eyes was appolnLed by former ÞresldenL lldel 8amos as uepuLy Cmbudsman for Lhe vlsayas
for a Lerm of 7 years commenclng on !uly 3ţ 1993Ŧ Slx monLhs LhereafLerţ a lady sLenographer flled wlLh
Lhe Cfflce of Lhe Cmbudsman a complalnL for acLs of lasclvlousness and wlLh Lhe Supreme CourL a
peLlLlon for dlsbarmenL agalnsL hlmŦ lorLhwlLhţ he flled separaLe moLlons Lo dlsmlss Lhe complalnL for
acLs of lasclvlousness and peLlLlon for dlsbarmenLţ clalmlng lack of [urlsdlcLlon over hls person and offlceŦ

Are boLh moLlons merlLorlous? 3Ʒ
Ŵ kIII Ŵ

uang was a beauLy queen ln a unlverslLyŦ !obţ a rlch classmaLeţ was so enamored wlLh her LhaL he
perslsLenLly wooed and pursued herŦ uangţ belng ln love wlLh anoLher manţ re[ecLed hlmŦ 1hls angered
!obŦ SomeLlme ln SepLember 2003ţ whlle uang and her slsLer Lyn were on Lhelr way homeţ !ob and hls
mlnor frlend nonoy grabbed Lhem and pushed Lhem lnslde a whlLe vanŦ 1hey broughL Lhem ln an
abandoned warehouse where Lhey forced Lhem Lo dance nakedŦ 1hereafLerţ Lhey broughL Lhem Lo a hlll
ln a nearby barangay where Lhey Look Lurns raplng LhemŦ AfLer saLlsfylng Lhelr lusLţ !ob ordered nonoy
Lo push uang down a ravlneţ resulLlng ln her deaLhŦ Lyn ran away buL !ob and nonoy chased her and
pushed her lnslde Lhe vanŦ 1hen Lhe duo drove awayŦ Lyn was never seen agalnŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmes were commlLLed by !ob and nonoy? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

WhaL penalLles should be lmposed on Lhem? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

Wlll nonoy's mlnorlLy exculpaLe hlm? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

ls Lhe nonŴrecovery of Lyn's body maLerlal Lo Lhe crlmlnal 2Ŧ3Ʒ

Ŵ kIV Ŷ

ln a crlme of homlcldeţ Lhe prosecuLlon falled Lo presenL any recelpL Lo subsLanLlaLe Lhe helrs' clalm for
an award of acLual damagesţ such as expenses for Lhe wake and burlalŦ

WhaL klnd of damages may Lhe Lrlal courL award Lo Lhem and how much? 3Ʒ

Ŵ kV Ŵ

WhaL ls LhaL offense? LxplalnŦ 2Ŧ3Ʒ

uurlng Lhe prellmlnary lnvesLlgaLlon and up Lo Lhe Lrlal properţ 8ene and uanLe conLended LhaL lf Lhey
were Lo be held llableţ Lhelr llablllLy should be llmlLed only Lo Lhe newlyŴcuL logs found ln Lhelr
possesslon buL noL Lo Lhose found ouLslde Lhe gaLeŦ

lf you were Lhe [udgeţ whaL wlll be your rullng? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

Ŵ kVI Ŵ

AfLer recelvlng a rellable lnformaLlon LhaL uanLe Cngţ a noLorlous drug smugglerţ was arrlvlng on ÞAL
lllghL noŦ Þ8 181ţ ÞnÞ Chlef lnspecLor Samuel Camboa formed a group of anLlŴdrug agenLsŦ When Cng
arrlved aL Lhe alrporLţ Lhe group arresLed hlm and selzed hls aLLache caseŦ upon lnspecLlon lnslde Lhe
lmmlgraLlon holdlng areaţ Lhe aLLache case ylelded 3 plasLlc bags of heroln welghlng 300 gramsŦ Chlef
lnspecLor Camboa Look Lhe aLLache case and boarded hlm ln an unmarked car drlven by ÞC3 ÞeplLo
LorbesŦ Cn Lhe way Lo Camp Crame and upon nearlng WhlLe Þlalns corner Ldsaţ Chlef lnspecLor Camboa
ordered ÞC3 Lorbes Lo sLop Lhe carŦ 1hey broughL ouL Lhe drugs from Lhe case ln Lhe Lrunk and goL 3
plasLlc sacks of herolnŦ 1hey Lhen Lold Cng Lo allghL from Lhe carŦ Cng lefL wlLh Lhe 2 remalnlng plasLlc
sacks of herolnŦ Chlef lnspecLor Camboa advlsed hlm Lo keep sllenL and go home whlch Lhe laLLer dldŦ
unknown Lo Lhemţ an n8l Leam of agenLs had been followlng Lhem and wlLnessed Lhe LransacLlonŦ 1hey
arresLed Chlef lnspecLor Camboa and ÞC3 LorbesŦ Meanwhlleţ anoLher n8l Leam followed Cng and
llkewlse arresLed hlmŦ All of Lhem were laLer chargedŦ

WhaL are Lhelr respecLlve crlmlnal llablllLles? 3Ʒ

Ŵ kVII Ŵ

Allng Marla recelved an urgenL Lelephone call from !unlorţ her eldesL sonţ asklng for Þ2ţ000Ŧ00 Lo
compleLe hls semesLral LulLlon fees preparaLory Lo hls flnal exams ln CommerceŦ ulsLressed and
dlsLurbedţ she borrowed money from her compadre Mang !uan wlLh Lhe assurance Lo pay hlm wlLhln 2
monLhsŦ 1wo monLhs lapsed buL Allng Marla falled Lo seLLle her obllgaLlonŦ Mang !uan Lold Allng Marla
LhaL she does noL have Lo pay Lhe loan lf she wlll allow her youngesL 10Ŵyear old daughLer Annle Lo work
as a housemald ln hls house for 2 monLhs aL Þ1ţ000Ŧ00 a monLhŦ uesplLe Allng Marla's ob[ecLlonţ Mang
!uan lnslsLed and broughL Annle Lo hls house Lo work as a maldŦ

Was a crlme commlLLed by Mang !uan when he broughL Annle Lo hls house as mald for Lhe purpose of
repaylng her moLher's loan? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

lf Allng Marla herself was made Lo work as a housemald ln Mang !uan's household Lo pay her loanţ dld
he commlL a crlme? 2Ŧ3Ʒ

nC1PlnC lCLLCWS
8ar Lxams 2007 Çuest|ons |n Cr|m|na| Law


(10Ʒ)

WhaL are Lhe penalLles LhaL may be served slmulLaneously?

IIŦ
(10Ʒ)

1lburclo asked AnasLaclo Lo [oln Lhelr group for a ºsesslon"Ŧ 1hlnklng LhaL lL was for a mah[ong sesslonţ
AnasLaclo agreedŦ upon reachlng 1lburclo's houseţ AnasLaclo dlscovered LhaL lL was acLually a shabu
sesslonŦ AL LhaL preclse Llmeţ Lhe place was ralded by Lhe pollceţ and AnasLaclo was among Lhose
arresLedŦ

WhaL crlme can AnasLaclo be charged wlLhţ lf any? Lxplaln your answerŦ





IIIŦ
(10Ʒ)

!ervls and Marlon asked Lhelr frlendţ !onaLhanţ Lo help Lhem rob a bankŦ !ervls and Marlon wenL lnslde
Lhe bankţ buL were unable Lo geL any money from Lhe vaulL because Lhe same was proLecLed by a LlmeŴ
delay mechanlsmŦ 1hey conLenLed Lhemselves wlLh Lhe cusLomer's cellphones and a LoLal of Þ3ţ000 ln
cashŦ AfLer Lhey dashed ouL of Lhe bank and rushed lnLo Lhe carţ !onaLhan pulled Lhe car ouL of Lhe curbţ
hlLLlng a pedesLrlan whlch resulLed ln Lhe laLLer's deaLhŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmes dld !ervlsţ Marlon and !onaLhan commlL? Lxplaln your answerŦ

IVŦ
(10Ʒ)

Mackyţ a securlLy guardţ arrlved home laLe one nlghL afLer renderlng overLlmeŦ Pe was shocked Lo see
!oyţ hls wlfeţ and kenţ hls besL frlendţ ln Lhe acL of havlng sexual lnLercourseŦ Macky pulled ouL hls
servlce gun and shoL and kllled kenŦ

1he courL found LhaL ken dled under excepLlonal clrcumLances and exoneraLed Macky of murder buL
senLenced hlm Lo desLlerroţ conformably wlLh ArLlcle 247 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal CodeŦ 1he courL also
ordered Macky Lo pay lndemnlLy Lo Lhe helrs of Lhe vlcLlm ln Lhe amounL of Þ30ţ000Ŧ

uld Lhe courL correcLly order Macky Lo pay lndemnlLy even Lhough he was exoneraLed of murder?
Lxplaln your answerŦ

Whlle servlng hls senLencedţ Macky enLered Lhe prohlblLed area and had a poL sesslon wlLh lvy (!oy's
slsLer)Ŧ ls Macky enLlLled Lo an lndeLermlnaLe senLence ln case he ls found gullLy of Lhe use of prohlblLed
subsLances? Lxplaln your answerŦ

(10Ʒ)

ulsLlngulsh beLween an accompllce and a consplraLorŦ

WhaL are Lhe Lhree (3) classes of offender ln Lhe crlme of quallfled seducLlon? Clve an example of eachŦ

VIŦ
(10Ʒ)

WhaL are Lhe dlfferenL acLs of lnclLlng Lo sedlLlon?
VIIŦ
(10Ʒ)

Lddle broughL hls son 8andy Lo a local falLhhealer known as ºMoLher PlmalaŦ" Pe was dlagnosed by Lhe
falLhhealer as belng possessed by an evll splrlLŦ Lddle Lhereupon auLhorlzed Lhe conducL of a
ºLreaLmenL" calculaLed Lo drlve Lhe splrlL from Lhe boy's bodyŦ unforLunaLelyţ Lhe procedure conducLed
resulLed ln Lhe boy's deaLhŦ

1he falLhhealer and Lree oLhers who were parL of Lhe heallng rlLual were charged wlLh murder and
convlcLed by Lhe lower courLŦ lf you are appellaLe courL !usLlceţ would you susLaln Lhe convlcLlon upon
appeal? Lxplaln your answerŦ

VIII
(10Ʒ)

le ls Lhe manager of a rlce mlll ln 8ulacanŦ ln order Lo supporL a gambllng debLţ le made lL appear LhaL
Lhe rlce mlll was earnlng less Lhan lL acLually was by wrlLlng ln a ºLalaan" or ledger a flgure lower Lhan
whaL was collecLed and pald by Lhelr cusLomersŦ le Lhen pockeLed Lhe dlfferenceŦ WhaL crlme/s dld le
commlLţ lf any? Lxplaln your answerŦ

IkŦ
(10Ʒ)

uurlng a concerL of Cary vŦ and ln order Lo prevenL Lhe crowd from rushlng Lo Lhe sLageţ 8afael Þadllla ža
securlLy guardſ polnLed hls gun aL Lhe onrush of peopleŦ When Lhe crowd sLlll pushed forwardţ 8afael
flred hls gun lnLo alr Lo scare Lhem offŦ Poweverţ Lhe bulleL hlL one of Lhe meLal roof supporLsţ
rlcocheLed and Lhen hlL one of Lhe sLage crew membersţ causlng ln[urles whlch resulLed ln Lhe laLLer's
conflnemenL ln a hosplLal for Lwelve daysŦ

WhaL crlme/s dld 8afael commlL? Lxplaln your answerŦ


(10Ʒ)

Þlnky was a lessee of a markeL sLall owned by ClovannlŦ When Þlnky refused Lo pay her renLalţ Clovannl
nalled some wooden barrlcades on one of Lhe sldes of Lhe markeL sLall and posLed Lhls warnlngť ºWe
have closed Lhls porLlon of Lhe doorŦ uo noL open lL or else someLhlng may happen Lo youŦ"

WhaL crlme/s dld Clovannl commlLţ lf any? Lxplaln your answerŦ

nC1PlnC lCLLCWS

CCVLkAGL CI 1nL 8Ak LkAMINA1ICN
CkIMINAL LAW
September 21ţ 2008
(1hlrd Sundayţ AfLernoon)
1hls examlnaLlon covers declslons of Lhe Supreme CourLţ promulgaLed up Lo 30
!une 2007ţ and 8epubllc AcLsţ ÞresldenLlal uecrees and LxecuLlve Crdersţ promulgaLed
up Lo 31 uecember 2006Ŧ
1Ŧ 1he 8evlsed Þenal Code (8ooks l and ll)ţ as amendedŦ
LxCLuuLť ÞenalLles for speclflc felonles
2Ŧ lndeLermlnaLe SenLence Law
3Ŧ ÞrobaLlon Law
4Ŧ AnLlŴCrafL and CorrupL ÞracLlces AcL (8ŦAŦ noŦ 3019ţ as amended)
3Ŧ AnLlŴlenclng Law (ÞŦuŦ noŦ 1612)
6Ŧ 8ounclng Checks Law (8ŦÞŦ 8lgŦ 22)
7Ŧ uangerous urugs AcL of 1972(8ŦAŦ noŦ 6423ţ as amended)
8Ŧ Pelnous Crlmes AcL (8ŦAŦ noŦ 7639ţ as amended)
9Ŧ AnLlŴMoney Launderlng AcL of 2001 (8ŦA noŦ 9160)
LxCLuuLť Clvll lorfelLure 8ules
10Ŧ CbsLrucLlon of !usLlce (ÞŦuŦ 1829)
Crlmlnal Law 8ar CuesLlons 2008



a) AfLer due hearlng on a peLlLlon for a wrlL of amparo founded on Lhe acLs of enforced dlsappearance
and exLralegal kllllng of Lhe son of Lhe complalnanL allegedly done by Lhe respondenL mlllLary offlcersţ
Lhe courL granLed Lhe peLlLlonŦ May Lhe mlllLary offlcers be crlmlnally charged n courL wlLh enforced
dlsappearance and exLralegal kllllng? Lxplaln fullyŦ (3Ʒ)

b) Are human rlghLs vlolaLlons consldered as crlmes ln Lhe Þhlllpplnes? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

IIŦ

Whlle Carlos was approachlng hls carţ he saw lL belng drlven away by Þaoloţ a LhlefŦ Carlos Lrled Lo sLop
Þaolo by shouLlng aL hlmţ buL Þaolo lgnored hlmŦ 1o prevenL hls car from belng carnappedţ Carlos drew
hls gunţ almed aL Lhe rear wheel of Lhe car and flredŦ 1he shoL blew Lhe Llre whlch caused Lhe car Lo veer
ouL of conLrol and colllde wlLh an oncomlng Lrlcycleţ kllllng Lhe Lrlcycle drlverŦ

a) WhaL ls Lhe crlmlnal llablllLy of Carlosţ lf any? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

b) WhaL ls Lhe crlmlnal llablllLy of Þaoloţ lf any? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

IIIŦ

Cllmplo caughL a cold and was runnlng a feverŦ Pls docLor prescrlbed paraceLamolŦ Cllmplo wenL Lo a
drug sLore wlLh Lhe prescrlpLlonţ and Lhe pharmaclsL sold hlm Lhree (3) LableLsŦ upon arrlvlng homeţ he
Look a LableLŦ Cne hour laLerţ he had a selzure and dledŦ 1he auLopsy showed LhaL Lhe LableL he had
Laken was noL paraceLamol buL a plll Lo whlch he was allerglcŦ 1he pharmaclsL was charged wlLh murderŦ

ls Lhe charge proper? lf noLţ whaL should lL be? LxplalnŦ (6Ʒ)

IVŦ

Manolo revealed Lo hls frlend uomeng hls deslre Lo klll CeceŦ Pe llkewlse conflded Lo uomeng hls deslre
Lo borrow hls revolverŦ uomeng lenL lLŦ Manolo shoL Cece ln Manlla wlLh uomeng's revolverŦ As hls gun
was used ln Lhe kllllngţ uomeng asked Mayor 1an Lo help hlm escapeŦ 1he mayor gave uomeng Þ3ţ000
and Lold hlm Lo proceed Lo Mlndanao Lo hldeŦ uomeng wenL Lo MlndanaoŦ 1he mayor was laLer charged
as an accessory Lo Cece's murderŦ

a) Can he be held llable for Lhe charge? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

b) Can he be held llable for any oLher offense? Lxplaln fullyŦ (3Ʒ)



Lmanţ a vagranLţ found a bag conLalnlng ldenLlflcaLlon cards and a dlamond rlng along 8oxas 8lvdŦ
knowlng LhaL lL was noL hlsţ he wenL Lo Lhe nearesL pollce sLaLlon Lo seek help ln flndlng Lhe owner of
Lhe bagŦ AL Lhe preclncL ÞC1 Melvln aLLended Lo hlmŦ ln Lhe lnvesLlgaLlon Lman proposed Lo ÞC1 Melvlnţ
ºln case you don'L flnd Lhe owner leL's [usL pawn Lhe rlng and spllL Lhe proceeds flfLyŴflfLy (30/30)Ŧ" ÞC1
Melvln Lhen wenL sLralghL Lo Lhe pawnshop and pawned Lhe rlng for Þ30ţ000Ŧ Lman never saw ÞC1
Melvln agalnŦ

a) WhaL ls Lhe crlmlnal llablllLy of Lmanţ lf any? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

b) WhaL ls Lhe crlmlnal llablllLy of ÞC1 Melvlnţ lf any? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

VIŦ

PuberL and Lunlce were marrled ln Lhe ÞhlllpplnesŦ PuberL Look graduaLe sLudles ln new ?ork and meL
hls former glrlfrlend LulaŦ 1hey renewed Lhelr frlendshlp and flnally declded Lo geL marrledŦ 1he flrsL
wlfeţ Lunlceţ heard abouL Lhe marrlage and secured a copy of Lhe marrlage conLracL ln new ?orkŦ Lunlce
flled a case of blgamy agalnsL PuberL ln Lhe ÞhlllpplnesŦ

a) Wlll Lhe case prosper? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

b) lf Lunlce gave her consenL Lo Lhe second marrlageţ whaL wlll your answer be? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

VIIŦ

1he lnLerŴlsland vessel M/v vlva Llnes lţ whlle crulslng off 8aLanesţ was forced Lo seek shelLer aL Lhe
harbor of kaoshlungţ 1alwan because of a sLrong LyphoonŦ Whlle anchored ln sald harborţ Maxţ 8aldo
and 8ogarL arrlved ln a speedboaLţ flred a bazooka aL Lhe bow of Lhe vesselţ boarded lL and dlvesLed Lhe
passengers of Lhelr money and [ewelryŦ A passenger of M/v vlva Llnes lţ uodongţ Look advanLage of Lhe
confuslon Lo seLLle an old grudge wlLh anoLher passengerţ and kllled hlmŦ AfLer Lhelr apprehenslonţ all
four were charged wlLh quallfled plracy before a Þhlllpplne courLŦ

a) Was Lhe charge of quallfled plracy agalnsL Lhe Lhree persons (Maxţ 8aldo and 8ogarL) who boarded
Lhe lnLerŴlsland vessel correcL? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

b) Was uodong correcLly charged before Lhe Þhlllpplne courL for quallfled plracy? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

VIIIŦ

lrancls and !oan were sweeLhearLsţ buL Lhelr parenLs had ob[ecLed Lo Lhelr relaLlonshlp because Lhey
were flrsL couslnsŦ 1hey forged a pacL ln wrlLlng Lo commlL sulcldeŦ 1he agreemenL was Lo shooL each
oLher ln Lhe head whlch Lhey dldŦ !oan dledŦ uue Lo medlcal asslsLanceţ lrancls survlvedŦ ls lrancls
crlmlnally llable for Lhe deaLh of !oan? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)




IkŦ

uennls leased hls aparLmenL Lo Myla for Þ10ţ000 a monLhŦ Myla falled Lo pay Lhe renL for 3 monLhsŦ
Cabrlelţ Lhe son of uennlsţ prepared a demand leLLer falsely alleglng LhaL hls faLher had auLhorlzed hlm
Lo collecL Lhe unpald renLalsŦ Myla pald Lhe unpald renLals Lo Cabrlel who kepL Lhe paymenLŦ

a) uld Cabrlel commlL a crlme? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

b) Can Cabrlel lnvoke hls relaLlonshlp wlLh uennls Lo avold crlmlnal llablllLy? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)



upon openlng a leLLer conLalnlng 17 money ordersţ Lhe mall carrler forged Lhe slgnaLures of Lhe payees
on Lhe money orders and encashed LhemŦ WhaL crlme or crlmes dld Lhe mall carrler commlL? Lxplaln
brleflyŦ (6Ʒ)

kIŦ

8lcky was revlewlng for Lhe bar exam when Lhe commander of a vlgllanLe group came Lo hlm and
showed hlm a llsL of flve pollcemen Lo be llquldaLed by Lhem for grafL and corrupLlonŦ Pe was furLher
asked lf any of Lhem ls lnnocenLŦ AfLer golng over Lhe llsLţ 8lcky polnLed Lo Lwo of Lhe pollcemen as
honesLŦ LaLerţ Lhe vlgllanLe group llquldaLed Lhe Lhree oLher pollcemen ln Lhe llsLŦ 1he commander of Lhe
vlgllanLe group reporLed Lhe llquldaLlon Lo 8lckyŦ ls 8lcky crlmlnally llable? LxplalnŦ (7Ʒ)

kIIŦ

8alssa and MarLln are marrled Lo each oLher buL had been separaLed for Lhe lasL flve yearsŦ 8alssa
declded Lo wed !uanţ her sulLorţ who had no lnkllng LhaL she was marrledŦ 8alssa and !uan accompllshed
an appllcaLlon for marrlage llcense whlch Lhey subscrlbed and swore Lo before Lhe Local Clvll 8eglsLrarŦ
8alssa declaredţ ln Lhe appllcaLlonţ LhaL she ls slngleŦ 1he marrlage llcense was lssuedŦ ln due Llmeţ Lhe
couple were marrled by Lhe mayorŦ 8alssa and !uan had Lhelr flrsL sexual lnLercourse laLer ln Lhe
evenlngŦ WhaL crlme or crlmesţ lf anyţ dld 8alssa commlL? Lxplaln brleflyŦ (7Ʒ)

kIIIŦ

Lucas had been Lhe sLayŴln houseboy of spouses nesLor and !ulla for flve yearsŦ Cne nlghLţ whlle nesLor
and !ulla were ouL havlng dlnnerţ Lucas and hls frlend Þedro galned enLry lnLo Lhe masLers' bedroom
wlLh Lhe use of a false keyŦ 1hey found !ulla's [ewelry box ln one of Lhe cablneLs whlch was unlockedŦ
Lucas belleved LhaL !ulla's [ewelry was lnslde Lhe boxŦ unknown Lo Lucas and Þedroţ Lhe box was empLyŦ
Þedro Look Lhe box and lefL Lhe bedroom wlLh LucasŦ 1hey were shocked when Lhey saw nesLor ln Lhe
salaţ polnLlng a gun aL LhemŦ nesLor ordered Lhem Lo sLop and hand over Lhe boxŦ Þedro complledŦ lL
Lurned ouL LhaL nesLor had [usL arrlved ln Llme Lo see Lucas and Þedro leavlng Lhe masLers' bedroom
wlLh Lhe boxŦ SLaLe wlLh reasonsţ Lhe crlme or crlmesţ lf anyţ Lucas and Þedro commlLLedŦ (7Ʒ)

kIVŦ

Lllseoţ Lhe depuLy sherlffţ conducLed Lhe execuLlon sale of Lhe properLy of Andres Lo saLlsfy Lhe
[udgmenL agalnsL hlm ln favor of A8C CorporaLlonţ a governmenLŴowned or conLrolled corporaLlon wlLh
an orlglnal charLerŦ Poweverţ Lhe represenLaLlve of Lhe corporaLlon falled Lo aLLend Lhe aucLlon saleŦ
Conzaloţ Lhe wlnnlng bldderţ purchased Lhe properLy for Þ100ţ000 whlch he pald Lo LllseoŦ lnsLead of
remlLLlng Lhe amounL Lo Lhe Clerk of CourL as exŴofflclo Þrovlnclal Sherlffţ Lllseo lenL Lhe amounL Lo
Myrnaţ hls offlcemaLeţ who promlsed Lo repay Lhe amounL wlLhln Lwo monLhsţ wlLh lnLeresL LhereonŦ
Poweverţ Myrna reneged on her promlseŦ uesplLe demands of A8C CorporaLlonţ Lllseo falled Lo remlL
Lhe sald amounLŦ

a) SLaLe wlLh reasonsţ Lhe crlme or crlmesţ lf anyţ commlLLed by LllseoŦ (4Ʒ)

b) Would your answer Lo Lhe flrsL quesLlon be Lhe same lf A8C CorporaLlon were a prlvaLe corporaLlon?
LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

kVŦ

8ogerţ Lhe leader of a crlme syndlcaLe ln MalaLeţ Manllaţ demanded Lhe paymenL by AnLonloţ Lhe owner
of a moLel ln LhaL areaţ of Þ10ţ000 a monLh as ºproLecLlon money"Ŧ WlLh Lhe monLhly paymenLsţ 8oger
assuredţ Lhe syndlcaLe would provlde proLecLlon Lo AnLonloţ hls buslnessţ and hls employeesŦ Should
AnLonlo refuseţ 8oger warnedţ Lhe moLel owner would elLher be kllled or hls esLabllshmenL desLroyedŦ
AnLonlo refused Lo pay Lhe proLecLlon moneyŦ uays laLerţ aL around 3ť00 ln Lhe mornlngţ Mauroţ a
member of Lhe crlmlnal syndlcaLeţ arrlved aL AnLonlo's home and hurled a grenade lnLo an open wlndow
of Lhe bedroom where AnLonloţ hls wlfe and Lhelr Lhree yearŴold daughLer were sleeplngŦ All Lhree of
Lhem were kllled lnsLanLly when Lhe grenade explodedŦ SLaLeţ wlLh reasonsţ Lhe crlme or crlmes LhaL had
been commlLLed as well as Lhe aggravaLlng clrcumsLancesţ lf anyţ aLLendanL LhereLoŦ (7Ʒ)
8ar Lxams 2009 CuesLlons ln Crlmlnal Law

ÞAk1 I

I

18uL or lALSLŦ Answer 18uL lf Lhe sLaLemenL ls Lrueţ or lALSL lf Lhe sLaLemenL ls falseŦ Lxplaln your
answer ln noL more Lhan Lwo (2) senLencesŦ (3Ʒ)

Amadoţ convlcLed of rape buL granLed an absoluLe pardon by Lhe ÞresldenLţ and one year LhereafLerţ
convlcLed of homlcldeţ ls a recldlvlsLŦ

1he credlLor who resorLs Lo forced labor of a chlld under Lhe preLexL of relmburslng hlmself for Lhe debL
lncurred by Lhe chlld's faLher commlLs Lhe crlme of slaveryŦ

1he use of an unllcensed flrearm ln homlclde ls consldered a generlc aggravaLlng clrcumsLance whlch
can be offseL by an ordlnary mlLlgaLlng clrcumsLanceŦ

A person whoţ on Lhe occaslon of a robberyţ kllls a bysLander by accldenL ls llable for Lwo separaLe
crlmesť robbery and reckless lmprudence resulLlng ln homlcldeŦ

A pollceman whoţ wlLhouL a [udlclal orderţ enLers a prlvaLe house over Lhe owner's opposlLlon ls gullLy
of Lrespass Lo dwelllngŦ


II

AnLero Makabayan was convlcLed of Lhe crlme of 8ebelllonŦ Whlle servlng senLenceţ he escaped from
[allŦ CapLuredţ he was charged wlLhţ and convlcLed ofţ Lvaslon of Servlce of SenLenceŦ 1hereafLerţ Lhe
ÞresldenL of Lhe Þhlllpplnes lssued an amnesLy proclamaLlon for Lhe offense of 8ebelllonŦ AnLero applled
for and was granLed Lhe beneflL of Lhe amnesLy proclamaLlonŦ

AnLero Lhen flled a peLlLlon for habeas corpusţ praylng for hls lmmedlaLe release from conflnemenLŦ Pe
clalms LhaL Lhe amnesLy exLends Lo Lhe offense of Lvaslon of Servlce of SenLenceŦ As [udgeţ wlll you
granL Lhe peLlLlon? ulscuss fullyŦ (4Ʒ)

III

8lgoberLo gaLeŴcrashed Lhe 71sL blrLhday parLy of !udge LorenzoŦ Armed wlLh a plece of wood
commonly known as dos por dosţ 8lgoberLo hlL !udge Lorenzo on Lhe backţ causlng Lhe laLLer's
hosplLallzaLlon for 30 daysŦ upon lnvesLlgaLlonţ lL appeared LhaL 8lgoberLo had a grudge agalnsL !udge
Lorenzo whoţ Lwo years earllerţ had clLed 8lgoberLo ln conLempL and ordered hls lmprlsonmenL for
Lhree (3) daysŦ

ls 8lgoberLo gullLy of ulrecL AssaulL? Why or why noL? (3Ʒ)

Would your answer be Lhe same lf Lhe reason for Lhe aLLack was LhaL when !udge Lorenzo was sLlll a
pracLlclng lawyer Len years agoţ he prosecuLed 8lgoberLo and succeeded ln sendlng hlm Lo [all for one
year? Lxplaln your answerŦ (3Ʒ)

IV

Charlle haLed hls classmaLeţ 8radţ because Lhe laLLer was asslduously courLlng Lllyţ Charlle's glrlfrlendŦ
Charlle wenL Lo a veLerlnarlan and asked for some polson on Lhe preLexL LhaL lL would be used Lo klll a
very slckţ old dogŦ AcLuallyţ Charlle lnLended Lo use Lhe polson on 8radŦ

1he veLerlnarlan mlsLakenly gave Charlle a nonŴLoxlc powder whlchţ when mlxed wlLh 8rad's foodţ dld
noL klll 8radŦ

uld Charlle commlL any crlme? lf soţ whaL and why? lf noLţ why noL? (3Ʒ)

Would your answer be Lhe same lf 8rad proved Lo be allerglc Lo Lhe powderţ and afLer lngesLlng lL wlLh
hls foodţ fell lll and was hosplLallzed for Len (10) days? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

V

Þonclano borrowed 8uben's gunţ saylng LhaL he would use lL Lo klll lreddleŦ 8ecause 8uben also
resenLed lreddleţ he readlly lenL hls gunţ buL Lold Þonclanoť ºCţ pagkabarll mo kay lreddleţ lsaull mo
kaagadţ haŦ" LaLerţ Þonclano kllled lreddleţ buL used a knlfe because he dld noL wanL lreddle's
nelghbors Lo hear Lhe gunshoLŦ

WhaLţ lf anyţ ls Lhe llablllLy of 8uben? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)
Would your answer be Lhe same lfţ lnsLead of lreddleţ lL was Manuelţ a relaLlve of 8ubenţ who was
kllled by Þonclano uslng 8uben's gun? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

VI

8aldo kllled Conrad ln a dark cornerţ aL mldnlghLţ on !anuary 2ţ 1960Ŧ uomlnador wlLnessed Lhe enLlre
lncldenLţ buL he was so scared Lo Lell Lhe auLhorlLles abouL lLŦ

Cn !anuary 2ţ 1970ţ uomlnadorţ boLhered by hls consclenceţ reporLed Lhe maLLer Lo Lhe pollceŦ AfLer
lnvesLlgaLlonţ Lhe pollce flnally arresLed 8aldo on !anuary 6ţ 1980Ŧ Charged ln courLţ 8aldo clalms LhaL
Lhe crlme he commlLLed had already prescrlbedŦ

ls 8aldo's conLenLlon correcL? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

VII

Charlnaţ Clerk of CourL of an 81C 8ranchţ promlsed Lhe plalnLlff ln a case pendlng before Lhe courL LhaL
she would convlnce Lhe Þresldlng !udge Lo declde Lhe case ln plalnLlff's favorŦ ln conslderaLlon Lhereforţ
Lhe plalnLlff gave Charlna Þ20ţ000Ŧ00Ŧ

Charlna was charged wlLh vlolaLlon of SecLlon 3 (b) of 8epubllc AcL noŦ 3019ţ prohlblLlng any publlc
offlcer from dlrecLly or lndlrecLly requesLlng or recelvlng any glfLţ presenLţ percenLageţ or beneflL ln
connecLlon wlLh any conLracL or LransacLlon x x x whereln Lhe publlc offlcerţ ln hls offlclal capaclLyţ has
Lo lnLervene under Lhe lawŦ

Whlle Lhe case was belng Lrledţ Lhe Cmbudsman flled anoLher lnformaLlon agalnsL Charlna for lndlrecL
8rlbery under Lhe 8evlsed Þenal CodeŦ Charlna demurred Lo Lhe second lnformaLlonţ clalmlng LhaL she
can no longer be charged under Lhe 8evlsed Þenal Code havlng been charged for Lhe same acL under
8ŦAŦ 3019Ŧ

ls Charlna correcL? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

VIII

Whlle Alfredoţ 8raulloţ Clrlacoţ and uomlngo were robblng a bankţ pollcemen arrlvedŦ A flreflghL ensued
beLween Lhe bank robbers and Lhe respondlng pollcemenţ and one of Lhe pollcemen was kllledŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmesţ lf anyţ had been commlLLed? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)
Suppose lL was Alfredo who was kllled by Lhe respondlng pollcemenţ whaL charges can be flled agalnsL
8raulloţ Clrlaco and uomlngo? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)
Suppose ln Lhe course of Lhe robberyţ before Lhe pollcemen arrlvedţ 8raullo shoL and kllled Alfredo
followlng a heaLed dlsagreemenL on who should carry Lhe money bagsţ whaL would be Lhe crlmlnal
llablllLy of 8raulloţ Clrlaco and uomlngo? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

Ik

vlrgllloţ armed wlLh a gunţ sLopped a van along a ma[or Lhoroughfare ln Manllaţ polnLed Lhe gun aL Lhe
drlver and shouLedť º1lgll! kldnap lLo!"

1errlfledţ Lhe drlverţ !uanlLoţ sLopped Lhe van and allowed vlrglllo Lo boardŦ lnslde Lhe van were
!eremlasţ a 6ŴyearŴold chlldţ son of a mulLlŴmllllonalreţ and uadayţ Lhe chlld's nannyŦ vlrglllo Lold !uanlLo
Lo drlve Lo a deserLed placeţ and Lhereţ ordered Lhe drlver Lo allghLŦ 8efore !uanlLo was allowed Lo goţ
vlrglllo lnsLrucLed hlm Lo Lell !eremlas' parenLs LhaL unless Lhey glve a ransom of Þ10Ŵmllllon wlLhln Lwo
(2) daysţ !eremlas would be beheadedŦ uaday was Lold Lo remaln ln Lhe van and Lake care of !eremlas
unLll Lhe ransom ls paldŦ vlrglllo Lhen drove Lhe van Lo hls safehouseŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmesţ lf anyţ dld vlrglllo commlL? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

k

1o secure Lhe release of hls broLher Wlllyţ a deLenLlon prlsonerţ and hls cousln vlncenLţ who ls servlng
senLence for homlcldeţ ChlLo asked Lhe 81C 8ranch Clerk of CourL Lo lssue an Crder whlch would allow
Lhe Lwo prlsoners Lo be broughL ouL of [allŦ AL flrsLţ Lhe Clerk refusedţ buL when ChlLo gave her
Þ30ţ000Ŧ00ţ she consenLedŦ

She Lhen prepared an Crder requlrlng Lhe appearance ln courL of Wllly and vlncenLţ osLenslbly as
wlLnesses ln a pendlng caseŦ She forged Lhe [udge's slgnaLureţ and dellvered Lhe Crder Lo Lhe [all warden
whoţ ln Lurnţ allowed Wllly and vlncenL Lo go ouL of [all ln Lhe company of an armed escorLţ LdwlnŦ ChlLo
also gave Ldwln Þ30ţ000Ŧ00 Lo leave Lhe Lwo lnmaLes unguarded for Lhree mlnuLes and provlde Lhem
wlLh an opporLunlLy Lo escapeŦ 1husţ Wllly and vlncenL were able Lo escapeŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmesţ lf anyţ had been commlLLed by ChlLoţ Wlllyţ vlncenLţ Lhe 8ranch Clerk of CourLţ
Ldwlnţ and Lhe [all warden? Lxplaln your answerŦ (3Ʒ)

ÞAk1 II

kI

18uL or lALSLŦ Answer 18uL lf Lhe sLaLemenL ls Lrueţ or lALSL lf Lhe sLaLemenL ls falseŦ Lxplaln your
answer ln noL more Lhan Lwo (2) senLencesŦ (3Ʒ)

Llfe lmprlsonmenL ls a penalLy more favorable Lo Lhe convlcL Lhan recluslon perpeLuaŦ

volunLary surrender ls a mlLlgaLlng clrcumsLance ln all acLs and omlsslons punlshable under Lhe 8evlsed
Þenal CodeŦ

ln a prosecuLlon for fenclng under ÞŦuŦ 1612ţ lL ls a compleLe defense for Lhe accused Lo prove LhaL he
had no knowledge LhaL Lhe goods or arLlcles found ln hls possesslon had been Lhe sub[ecL of robberyŦ
ln Lhe crlme of llbelţ LruLh ls an absoluLe defenseŦ

lor a person who LransacLs an lnsLrumenL represenLlng Lhe proceeds of a covered unlawful acLlvlLy Lo be
llable under Lhe AnLlŴMoney Launderlng AcL (8ŦAŦ 9160ţ as amended)ţ lL musL be shown LhaL he has
knowledge of Lhe ldenLlLles of Lhe culprlLs lnvolved ln Lhe commlsslon of Lhe predlcaLe crlmesŦ



kII

ln a convlcLlon for homlcldeţ Lhe Lrlal courL appreclaLed Lwo (2) mlLlgaLlng clrcumsLances and one (1)
aggravaLlng clrcumsLanceŦ Pomlclde under ArLlcle 249 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal Code ls punlshable by
recluslon Lemporalţ an lmprlsonmenL Lerm of Lwelve (12) years and one (1) day Lo LwenLy (20) yearsŦ

Applylng Lhe lndeLermlnaLe SenLence Lawţ deLermlne Lhe approprlaLe penalLy Lo be lmposedŦ LxplalnŦ
(3Ʒ)

Wlll your answer be Lhe same lf lL ls a convlcLlon for lllegal possesslon of drugs under 8ŦAŦ 9163
(uangerous urugs AcL of 2002)ţ Lhe prescrlbed penalLy of whlch ls also lmprlsonmenL for a Lerm of
Lwelve (12) years and one (1) day Lo LwenLy (20) years? Why or why noL? (3Ʒ)

kIII

Angelo devlsed a Þonzl Scheme ln whlch 300 persons were decelved lnLo lnvesLlng Lhelr money upon a
promlse of a caplLal reLurn of 23Ʒţ compuLed monLhlyţ and guaranLeed by posLŴdaLed checksŦ uurlng
Lhe flrsL Lwo monLhs followlng Lhe lnvesLmenLţ Lhe lnvesLors recelved Lhelr proflLsţ buL LhereafLerţ
Angelo vanlshedŦ

Angelo was charged wlLh 300 counLs of esLafa and 2ţ000 counLs of vlolaLlon of 8aLas Þambansa (8Þ) 22Ŧ
ln hls moLlon Lo quashţ Angelo conLends LhaL he commlLLed a conLlnued crlmeţ or dellLo conLlnuadoţ
henceţ he commlLLed only one counL of esLafa and one counL of vlolaLlon of 8Þ 22Ŧ

WhaL ls dellLo conLlnuado? (1Ʒ)

ls Angelo's conLenLlon Lenable? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

kIV

lollowlng hls arresL afLer a valld buyŴbusL operaLlonţ 1ommy was convlcLed of vlolaLlon of SecLlon 3ţ
8epubllc AcL 9163Ŧ Cn appealţ 1ommy quesLloned Lhe admlsslblllLy of Lhe evldence because Lhe pollce
offlcers who conducLed Lhe buyŴbusL operaLlon falled Lo observe Lhe requlslLe ºchaln of cusLody" of Lhe
evldence conflscaLed and/or selzed from hlmŦ

WhaL ls Lhe ºchaln of cusLody" requlremenL ln drug offenses? WhaL ls lLs raLlonale? WhaL ls Lhe effecL of
fallure Lo observe Lhe requlremenL? (3Ʒ)

kV

!oe was 17 years old when he commlLLed homlclde ln 2003Ŧ 1he crlme ls punlshable by recluslon
LemporalŦ AfLer Lwo years ln hldlngţ he was arresLed and approprlaLely charged ln May 2007Ŧ Slnce
8epubllc AcL 9344 (!uvenlle !usLlce and Welfare AcL of 2006) was already ln effecLţ !oe moved Lo avall of
Lhe process of lnLervenLlon or dlverslonŦ

WhaL ls lnLervenLlon or dlverslon? ls !oe enLlLled Lo lnLervenLlon or dlverslon? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Suppose !oe's moLlon for lnLervenLlon or dlverslon was denledţ and he was convlcLed Lwo (2) years laLer
when !oe was already 21 years oldţ should Lhe [udge apply Lhe suspenslon of senLence? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

Suppose !oe was convlcLed of aLLempLed murder wlLh a speclal aggravaLlng clrcumsLance and was
denled suspenslon of senLenceţ would he be ellglble for probaLlon under ÞresldenLlal uecree (Þu) 968ţ
conslderlng LhaL Lhe deaLh penalLy ls lmposable for Lhe consummaLed felony? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

kVI

8oger and !essleţ Munlclpal Mayor and 1reasurerţ respecLlvelyţ of San 8afaelţ LeyLeţ caused Lhe
dlsbursemenL of publlc funds allocaLed for Lhelr local developmenL programs for 2008Ŧ 8ecords show
LhaL Lhe amounL of Þ2Ŵmllllon was purporLedly used as flnanclal asslsLance for a rlce producLlon
llvellhood pro[ecLŦ upon lnvesLlgaLlonţ howeverţ lL was found LhaL 8oger and !essle falslfled Lhe
dlsbursemenL vouchers and supporLlng documenLs ln order Lo make lL appear LhaL quallfled reclplenLs
whoţ ln facLţ are nonŴexlsLenL lndlvldualsţ recelved Lhe moneyŦ

8oger and !essle are charged wlLh malversaLlon Lhrough falslflcaLlon and vlolaLlon of SecLlon 3 (e) of 8ŦAŦ
3019 for causlng undue ln[ury Lo Lhe governmenLŦ ulscuss Lhe proprleLy of Lhe charges flled agalnsL
8oger and !essleŦ LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

kVII

Wenceslao and LoreLLa were sLaylng ln Lhe same boardlng houseţ occupylng dlfferenL roomsŦ Cne laLe
evenlngţ when everyone ln Lhe house was asleepţ Wenceslao enLered LoreLLa's room wlLh Lhe use of a
plcklockŦ 1henţ wlLh force and vlolenceţ Wenceslao ravlshed LoreLLaŦ AfLer he had saLlsfled hls lusLţ
Wenceslao sLabbed LoreLLa Lo deaLh andţ before leavlng Lhe roomţ Look her [ewelryŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmesţ lf anyţ dld Wenceslao commlL? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

ulscuss Lhe appllcablllLy of Lhe relevanL aggravaLlng clrcumsLances of dwelllngţ nocLurnlLy and Lhe use of
Lhe plcklock Lo enLer Lhe room of Lhe vlcLlmŦ (3Ʒ)

Would your answer Lo żaŽ be Lhe same lfţ desplLe Lhe serlous sLab wounds she susLalnedţ LoreLLa
survlved? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

kVIII

AL Lhe Mallgaya ulsco Clubţ Leonclo and Lvelyn were lnLlmaLely danclng a very seducLlve dance numberŦ
Whlle gyraLlng wlLh Lhelr bodlesţ Leonclo dlpped hls prlvaLe parLs ln Lvelyn's buLLocksŦ lncensedţ Lvelyn
proLesLedţ buL Leonclo conLlnued and LlghLly embraced herŦ

WhaL crlme or crlmesţ lf anyţ dld Leonclo commlL? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Would your answer be Lhe same lfţ even afLer Lhe muslc had sLoppedţ Leonclo conLlnued Lo dance dlrLyţ
rubblng hls prlvaLe parLs on Lvelyn's buLLocks? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)




kIk

uelmo learned LhaL hls enemyţ Cscarţ was conflned aL Lhe lnLenslve Care unlL (lCu) of Lhe Þhlllpplne
Medlcal CenLerŦ lnLendlng Lo klll Cscarţ uelmo dlsgulsed hlmself as a nurseţ enLered Lhe lCuţ and saw a
man lylng on Lhe hosplLal bed wlLh several llfeŴsavlng Lubes aLLached Lo Lhe bodyŦ uelmo dlsconnecLed
Lhe Lubes and lefLŦ LaLerţ Lhe resldenL physlclan dolng hls rounds enLered Lhe lCu andţ seelng Lhe
dlsconnecLed Lubesţ replaced LhemŦ 1he paLlenL survlvedŦ lL Lurned ouL LhaL Lhe paLlenL was Larryţ as
Cscar had been dlscharged from Lhe hosplLal earllerŦ

uelmo was charged wlLh frusLraLed murderţ quallfled by evldenL premedlLaLlon and Lreachery as
aggravaLlng clrcumsLancesŦ ulscuss Lhe proprleLy of Lhe chargeŦ (4Ʒ)

ŴnC1PlnC lCLLCWSŴ

2010 8ar Lxamsť Cr|m|na| Law Çuest|ons

ÞAk1 I

I

An agonlzlng and proLracLed Lrlal havlng come Lo a closeţ Lhe [udge found A gullLy beyond reasonable
doubL of homlclde and lmposed on hlm a sLralghL penalLy of Slx (6) ?LA8S and CnL (1) uA? of prlslon
mayorŦ 1he publlc prosecuLor ob[ecLed Lo Lhe senLence on Lhe ground LhaL Lhe proper penalLy should
have been 1WLLvL (12) ?LA8S and CnL (1) uA? of recluslon LemporalŦ 1he defense counsel chlmed lnţ
conLendlng LhaL appllcaLlon of Lhe lndeLermlnaLe SenLence Law should lead Lo Lhe lmposlLlon of a
sLralghL penalLy of Slx (6) MCn1PS and CnL (1) uA? of prlslon correcclonal onlyŦ Who of Lhe Lhree ls on
Lhe rlghL Lrack? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

II

WhaL ls Lhe crlme of quallfled brlbery? (2Ʒ)

May a [udge be charged and prosecuLed for such felony? Pow abouL a publlc prosecuLor? A pollce
offlcer? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)
III

May a publlc offlcer charged under SecLlon 3(b) of 8epubllc AcL noŦ 3019 żƍdlrecLly or lndlrecLly
requesLlng or recelvlng any glfLţ presenLţ shareţ percenLage or beneflLţ for hlmself or for any oLher
personţ ln connecLlon wlLh any conLracL or LransacLlon beLween Lhe governmenL and any oLher parLyţ
whereln Lhe publlc offlcer ln hls offlclal capaclLy has Lo lnLervene under Lhe lawƍŽ also be slmulLaneously
or successlvely charged wlLh dlrecL brlbery under ArLlcle 210 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal Code? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

IV

8ecause of Lhe barbarlLy and hldeousness of Lhe acLs commlLLed by Lhe suspecLs/respondenLs ln cuLLlng
off Lhelr vlcLlms' appendagesţ sLufflng Lhelr Lorsosţ legsţ body parLs lnLo oll drums and bulleLŴrlddled
vehlcles and laLer on burylng Lhese oll drumsţ vehlcles wlLh Lhe use of backhoes and oLher earLhŴmovlng
machlneryţ Lhe Commlsslon on Puman 8lghLs (CP8) lnvesLlgaLlng Leam recommended Lo Lhe panel of
publlc prosecuLors LhaL all respondenLs be charged wlLh vlolaLlon of Lhe ºPelnous Crlmes LawŦ" 1he
prosecuLlon panel agreed wlLh Lhe CP8Ŧ As Lhe Chlef ÞrosecuLor Lasked wlLh approvlng Lhe flllng of Lhe
lnformaLlonţ how wlll you pass upon Lhe recommendaLlon? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

V

Arlene ls engaged ln Lhe buy and sell of used garmenLsţ more popularly known as ºukayŴukayŦ" Among
Lhe lLems found by Lhe pollce ln a rald of her sLore ln 8agulo ClLy were brandŴnew Loule leraud blazersŦ
Arlene was charged wlLh ºfenclngŦ" Wlll Lhe charge prosper? Why or why noL? (3Ʒ)

VI

1here belng probable cause Lo belleve LhaL cerLaln deposlLs and lnvesLmenLs ln a bank are relaLed Lo an
unlawful acLlvlLy of smuggllng by Alessandro as deflned under 8epubllc AcL (8A) noŦ 9160ţ as amended
(AnLlŴMoney Launderlng AcL) an appllcaLlon for an order Lo allow lnqulry lnLo hls deposlL was flled wlLh
Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLŦ AfLer hearlng Lhe appllcaLlonţ Lhe courL granLed Lhe appllcaLlon and lssued a
freeze orderŦ

Þass upon Lhe correcLness of Lhe courL's orderŦ LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

VII

A wldower of Len yearsţ sepLuagenarlan CanuLo felL LhaL he had llcense Lo engage ln voyeurlsmŦ lf noL
peeplng lnLo hls nelghbors' rooms Lhrough hls powerful slngleŴcyllnder Lelescopeţ he would Lrall youngţ
shapely damsels along Lhe hallways of shopplng mallsŦ Whlle golng up Lhe escalaLorţ he sLayed a sLep
behlnd a mlnlŴsklrLed oneţ and ln a momenL of exclLemenLţ puL hls hand on her lefL hlp and massaged lLŦ
1he damsel screamed and hollered for helpŦ CanuLo was apprehended and broughL up on lnquesLŦ WhaL
charge/sţ lf anyţ may he be held responslble for? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

VIII

A asked flnanclal supporL from her showblz frlend 8 who accommodaLed her by lssulng ln her favor a
posLdaLed check ln Lhe sum of Þ90ţ000Ŧ00Ŧ 8oLh of Lhem knew LhaL Lhe check would noL be honored
because 8's accounL had [usL been closedŦ 1he Lwo Lhen approached Lrader C whom Lhey asked Lo
change Lhe check wlLh cashţ even agreelng LhaL Lhe exchange be dlscounLed aL Þ83ţ000Ŧ00 wlLh Lhe
assurance LhaL Lhe check shall be funded upon maLurlLyŦ upon C's presenLmenL of Lhe check for
paymenL on due daLeţ lL was dlshonored because Lhe accounL had already been closedŦ

WhaL acLlon/s may C commence agalnsL A and 8 Lo hold Lhem Lo accounL for Lhe loss of her Þ83ţ000Ŧ00?
LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

Ik

Þroserflnaţ an asslsLanL publlc hlgh school prlnclpalţ acLed Lo faclllLaLe Lhe release of salary dlfferenLlals
and elecLlon duLy per dlem of classroom Leachers wlLh Lhe agreemenL LhaL Lhey would relmburse her for
her expensesŦ

uld Þroserflna commlL a crlme? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

k

Aţ 8 and C are members of SlC lraLernlLyŦ Whlle eaLlng ln a seaslde resLauranLţ Lhey were aLLacked by xţ
? and Zţ members of a rlval fraLernlLyŦ A rumble ensued ln whlch Lhe abovenamed members of Lhe Lwo
fraLernlLles assaulLed each oLher ln a confused and LumulLuous manner resulLlng ln Lhe deaLh of AŦ As lL
cannoL be ascerLalned who acLually kllled Aţ Lhe members of Lhe Lwo fraLernlLles who Look parL ln Lhe
rumble were charged for deaLh caused ln a LumulLuous affrayŦ Wlll Lhe charge prosper? LxplalnŦ (4Ʒ)

kI

Angellna malnLalns a webslLe where vlslLors can glve Lhelr commenLs on Lhe posLed plcLures of Lhe
goods she sells ln her excluslve bouLlqueŦ 8eLLlna posLed a commenL LhaL Lhe red 8lrkln bag shown ln
Angellna's webslLe ls fake and LhaL Angellna ls known Lo sell counLerfelL lLemsŦ

Angellna wanLs Lo flle a case agalnsL 8eLLlnaŦ She seeks your advlceŦ WhaL advlce wlll you glve her? (4Ʒ)

ÞAk1 II

kII

ueflne Money LaunderlngŦ WhaL are Lhe Lhree (3) sLages ln money launderlng? (3Ʒ)
WhaL ls Lhe docLrlne of pro reo? Pow does lL relaLe Lo ArLlcle 48 of Lhe 8evlsed Þenal Code? (3Ʒ)
xlll

Whlle hls wlfe was on a 2Ŵyear scholarshlp abroadţ 8omeo was havlng an affalr wlLh hls mald uulclneaŦ
8eallzlng LhaL Lhe affalr was golng nowhereţ uulclnea Lold 8omeo LhaL she was golng back Lo Lhe
provlnce Lo marry her chlldhood sweeLhearLŦ Clouded by anger and [ealousyţ 8omeo sLrangled uulclnea
Lo deaLh whlle she was sleeplng ln Lhe mald's quarLersŦ

1he followlng dayţ 8omeo was found caLaLonlc lnslde Lhe mald's quarLersŦ Pe was broughL Lo Lhe
naLlonal CenLer for MenLal PealLh (nCMP) where he was dlagnosed Lo be menLally unsLableŦ

Charged wlLh murderţ 8omeo pleaded lnsanlLy as a defenseŦ

Wlll 8omeo's defense prosper? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

WhaL ls Lhe effecL of Lhe dlagnosls of Lhe nCMP on Lhe case? (2Ʒ)

kIV

Þaul llves wlLh hls longŴLlme glrlfrlend !oan ln a ondomlnlum ln MakaLlŦ lor more Lhan a yearţ he has
been secreLly savlng money ln an envelope under Lhelr bed Lo buy her an engagemenL rlngŦ Cne dayţ
whlle !oan was cleanlng Lhelr roomţ she found Lhe envelopeţ Look Lhe moneyţ and lefL ÞaulŦ As
prosecuLorţ whaL crlmeţ lf anyţ would you charge !oan? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)



kV

SuspecLlng LhaL her husband of LwenLy years was havlng an affalrţ Lellanle hlred a prlvaLe lnvesLlgaLor Lo
spy on hlmŦ AfLer Lwo weeksţ Lhe prlvaLe lnvesLlgaLor showed Lellanle a vldeo of her husband havlng
sexual lnLercourse wlLh anoLher woman ln a room of a flveŴsLar hoLelŦ 8ased on whaL she saw on Lhe
vldeoţ Lellanle accused her husband of concublnageŦ

Wlll Lhe case of concublnage prosper? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

kVI

1he presldenLţ Lreasurerţ and secreLary of A8C CorporaLlon were charged wlLh syndlcaLed esLafa under
Lhe followlng lnformaLlonť

1haL on or abouL Lhe 1sL week of !anuary 2010 or subsequenL LhereLo ln Cebu ClLy and wlLhln Lhe
[urlsdlcLlon of Lhls Ponorable CourLţ Lhe aboveŴnamed accusedţ consplrlng and confederaLlng LogeLher
and all of Lhem muLually helplng and aldlng one anoLher ln a syndlcaLed mannerţ Lhrough a corporaLlon
reglsLered wlLh Lhe SecurlLles and Lxchange Commlsslon (SLC)ţ wlLh lnLenLlon of carrylng ouL Lhe
unlawful or lllegal acLţ LransacLlonţ enLerprlse or schemeţ wlLh lnLenL Lo galn and by means of fraud and
decelLţ dld Lhen and Lhere wllfullyţ unlawfullyţ and felonlously defraud vlrnaţ Lanaţ ueborah and several
oLher persons by falsely or fraudulenLly preLendlng or represenLlng ln a LransacLlon or serles of
LransacLlonsţ whlch Lhey made wlLh complalnanLs and Lhe publlc ln generalţ Lo Lhe effecL LhaL Lhey were
ln a leglLlmaLe buslness of forelgn exchange Lradlng successlvely or slmulLaneously operaLlng under Lhe
name and sLyle of A8C CorporaLlon and uLl ManagemenL Þhlllpplnesţ lncorporaLedţ lnduced and
succeeded ln lnduclng complalnanLs and several oLher persons Lo glve and dellver Lo sald accused Lhe
amounL of aL leasL Þ20ţ000ţ000Ŧ00 on Lhe sLrengLh of sald manlfesLaLlons and represenLaLlonsţ Lhe
accused knowlng fully well LhaL Lhe abovenamed corporaLlons reglsLered wlLh Lhe SLC are noL llcensed
nor auLhorlzed Lo engage ln forelgn exchange Lradlng and LhaL such manlfesLaLlons and represenLaLlons
Lo LransacL ln forelgn exchange were false and fraudulenLţ LhaL Lhese resulLed Lo Lhe damage and
pre[udlce of Lhe complalnanLs and oLher personsţ and LhaL Lhe defraudaLlon perLalns Lo funds sollclLed
from Lhe publlc ln general by such corporaLlons/assoclaLlonsŦ

Wlll Lhe case for syndlcaLed esLafa prosper? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

kVII

A kllled hls wlfe and burled her ln Lhelr backyardŦ Pe lmmedlaLely wenL lnLo hldlng ln Lhe mounLalnsŦ
1hree years laLerţ Lhe bones of A's wlfe were dlscovered by xţ Lhe gardenerŦ Slnce x had a sLandlng
warranL of arresLţ he hld Lhe bones ln an old clay [ar and kepL quleL abouL lLŦ AfLer Lwo yearsţ Zţ Lhe
careLakerţ found Lhe bones and reporLed Lhe maLLer Lo Lhe pollceŦ

AfLer 13 years of hldlngţ A lefL Lhe counLry buL reLurned Lhree years laLer Lo Lake care of hls alllng slbllngŦ
Slx years LhereafLerţ heƼ was charged wlLh parrlclde buL ralsed Lhe defense of prescrlpLlonŦ

under Lhe 8evlsed Þenal Codeţ when does Lhe perlod of prescrlpLlon of a crlme commence Lo run? (1Ʒ)
When ls lL lnLerrupLed? (1Ʒ)

ls A's defense Lenable? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)
kVIII

Cn her way homeţ Lva Marle saw an ln[ured chow chow puppy behlnd a bushŦ Slnce Lhe puppy dld noL
have a collarţ she broughL lL home so she could have lL as a peLŦ Per son ln facL begged Lva Marle Lo
keep Lhe puppyŦ 1he followlng dayţ Lva Marle boughL a collar for Lhe puppy and broughL lL Lo a
veLerlnarlan for LreaLmenLŦ

uld Lva Marle lncur crlmlnal llablllLy ln brlnglng Lhe puppy home as a peL? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

uld she lncur clvll llablllLy? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

kIk

!ack and !lll have been marrled for seven yearsŦ Cne nlghLţ !ack came home drunkŦ llndlng no food on
Lhe Lableţ !ack sLarLed hlLLlng !lll only Lo apologlze Lhe followlng dayŦ A week laLerţ Lhe same eplsode
occurred Ŷ !ack came home drunk and sLarLed hlLLlng !lllŦ learlng for her llfeţ !lll lefL and sLayed wlLh her
slsLerŦ 1o woo !lll backţ !ack senL her floral arrangemenLs of spoLLed lllles and confecLlonerlesŦ 1wo days
laLerţ !lll reLurned home and declded Lo glve !ack anoLher chanceŦ AfLer several daysţ howeverţ !ack
agaln came home drunkŦ 1he followlng dayţ he was found deadŦ

!lll was charged wlLh parrlclde buL ralsed Lhe defense of ºbaLLered woman syndromeŦ"

ueflne º8aLLered Woman SyndromeŦ" (2Ʒ)

WhaL are Lhe Lhree phases of Lhe º8aLLered Woman Syndrome"? (3 Ʒ)

Would Lhe defense prosper desplLe Lhe absence of any of Lhe elemenLs for [usLlfylng clrcumsLances of
selfŴdefense under Lhe 8evlsed Þenal Code? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

kk

MaLL was found gullLy of drug Lrafflcklng whlle hls younger broLher !eff was found gullLy of possesslon of
equlpmenLţ lnsLrumenLţ apparaLus and oLher paraphernalla for dangerous drugs under SecLlon 12 of
8epubllc AcL noŦ 9163Ŧ MaLL flled a peLlLlon for probaLlonŦ !eff appealed hls convlcLlon durlng Lhe
pendency of whlch he also flled a peLlLlon for probaLlonŦ 1he broLhers' counsel argued LhaL Lhey belng
flrsL Llme offendersţ Lhelr peLlLlons for probaLlon should be granLedŦ Pow would you resolve Lhe
broLhers' peLlLlons for probaLlon? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

kkI

8ecause peace negoLlaLlons on Lhe SpraLlys slLuaLlon had falledţ Lhe Þeople's 8epubllc of Chlna declared
war agalnsL Lhe ÞhlllpplnesŦ Myraţ a llllplna who llves wlLh her lLallan expaLrlaLe boyfrlendţ dlscovered eŴ
mall correspondence beLween hlm and a cerLaln Ceneral 1ung kaL Su of ChlnaŦ Cn March 12ţ 2010ţ
Myra dlscovered LhaL on even daLe her boyfrlend had senL an eŴmall Lo Ceneral 1ung kaL Suţ ln whlch he
agreed Lo provlde vlLal lnformaLlon on Lhe mlllLary defense of Lhe Þhlllpplnes Lo Lhe Chlnese governmenL
ln exchange for Þ1 mllllon and hls safe reLurn Lo lLalyŦ 1wo weeks laLerţ Myra declded Lo reporL Lhe
maLLer Lo Lhe proper auLhorlLlesŦ

uld Myra commlL a crlme? LxplalnŦ (3Ʒ)

kkII

lmmedlaLely afLer murderlng 8obţ !ake wenL Lo hls moLher Lo seek refugeŦ Pls moLher Lold hlm Lo hlde
ln Lhe mald's quarLers unLll she flnds a beLLer place for hlm Lo hldeŦ AfLer Lwo daysţ !ake Lransferred Lo
hls aunL's houseŦ A week laLerţ !ake was apprehended by Lhe pollceŦ Can !ake's moLher and aunL be
made crlmlnally llable as accessorles Lo Lhe crlme of murder? LxplalnŦ (3 Ʒ)

kkIII

ChrlsLopherţ !ohnţ 8lchardţ and Luke are fraLernlLy broLhersŦ 1o proLecL Lhemselves from rlval
fraLernlLlesţ Lhey all carry guns wherever Lhey goŦ Cne nlghLţ afLer aLLendlng a parLyţ Lhey boarded a
Laxlcabţ held Lhe drlver aL gunpolnL and Look Lhe laLLer's earnlngsŦ

WhaL crlmeţ lf anyţ dld Lhe four commlL? LnumeraLe Lhe elemenLs of Lhe crlmeŦ (2Ʒ)

Would your answer be Lhe same lf Lhey kllled Lhe drlver? LxplalnŦ (2Ʒ)

nC1PlnC lCLLCWSŦ

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