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JFE New Product Ni & Mo free high corrosion resistant ferritic stainless steel

JFE Steel Corporation

Features of
1. High corrosion resistance Cr content increased to 21%, Ultra low C and N , Add Ti, SUS304 equivalent corrosion resistance. 2. Cost competitiveness and Price stability (1) No Nickel lower cost than SUS304 (Cr-Ni type). (2) No Nickel and Molybdenum Not influenced by LME fluctuation price.
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Chemical Composition
mass Steel Type Cr Ni Mo 1.2 Ti 0.3 0.3 21.0 SUS436L JFE 436LT) 17.7 SUS 304

18.2 8.2

has Cr 21% content.


2

Mechanical Properties
(Sheet thickness : 0.8mm) Steel Proof Tensile Elon rstress strength gation value (N/mm2) (N/mm2) (%) Hardness (Hv) Conical Cup Value (mm)

305 285 260

483 495 645

31 30 60

1.3 1.4 1.0

161 159 185

38.6 38.3 37.7

SUS436L (JFE 436LT) SUS 304

Typical Value

Mechanical Properties of are equivalent to those of 436L.


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Physical Properties
Specific Magnet Heat -ism 25
(J/kg)
Magnetic Thermal Conductivity Thermal Expansion Coefficient 20100 (10-6/)

Density
(g/cm3)

Electric Resistance
(10-6cm)

100 (W/m)

Young s Modulus
GPa

SUS436L (JFE 436LT) SUS 304

7.74 7.73 7.93

62 48 72

444 433 502

22.5 23.6 16.2

10.5 10.4 17.3

204 212 193

Magnetic

NonMagnetic

Physical Properties of are similar to those of 436L.


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Corrosion resistance Table


Results of Pitting Potential measurement
(JIS G 0577: 3.5%NaCl, 30) 800

Pitting Potential V C10 V vs S.C.E

The higher in this chart, the higher anti-corrosion


600

JFE445MT

SUS316 JFE434LN-2 400 SUS304

(SUS444)

JFE430CuN 200

10

JFE430XT JFE432LTM JFE439L SUS410 SUS430 SUH409L

(SUS430J1L)

JFE436LT

20

30
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Pitting IndexCr+3.3Mo)

Corrosion resistance (1)


Results of pitting potential measurement
Pitting potential (mV vs. SCE) (JIS G 0577: 3.5%NaCl, 30C) 400 300 200 100 0
SUH409L SUS430
JFE409L SUS430

higher

Corrosion resistance

lower
JIS

Pitting potential of JFE443CT is equal to that of SUS304.


SUS 430LX SUS 430J1L SUS 436L SUS304

JFE Grade

JFE430XT JFE439L JFE430CuN JFE436LT JFE430LN

Cr (wt%) Ni (wt%) Mo (wt%) Others

11 Ti

16 -

18 Ti

19 Nb, Cu

18 1.2
Ti

18 8 -

21 Cu, Ti

Corrosion resistance (2)


Result of a cyclic corrosion test JASOCCT
SUS430 Type439 SUS436L (JFE 436LT) SUS304

( After 30cycles ,240 hours) Sample#600-polished surface


Test Conditions 1 Cycle Salt Spray (5%NaCl352hr) Dry (604hr) Wet (402hr

shows the similar corrosion resistance to 304 and 436L.


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Corrosion resistance (3)


Result of a field exposure test
SUS430 Type439 SUS436L (JFE 436LT) SUS304

( After 9 months ) Sample #600-polished surface Coastal area : Chiba Japan


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Corrosion resistance (4)


Result of a salt spray test SST
SUS430 Type439 SUS436L (JFE 436LT) SUS304

( After 3000h ) Sample#600-polished surface


5%NaCl35
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Corrosion resistance (5)


Result of a CCT for weld metal of TIG
SUS430 As welded JFE436LT SUS304 (SUS436L)
(CCT 30cycles

Polished after welding

The weld metal of JYH21CT exhibits as good corrosion resistance as SUS304.

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Stress Corrosion Cracking


42%MgCl2 U-bendJIS G 0576
SUS304 Cracking Sample Surface
5mm

No Cracking at 100 Hr

Cracking at 15h

42%MgCl2 Boiling (143)

SUS304 Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)happened in less than 15 hours. has no SCC at 100 hours.
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Result of Erichsen test


(stretch formability test)
punch blank holder specimen

SUS 304
12.1mm

9.0mm

die crack

Thickness of specimen: 0.8mm Lubrication: graphite grease Punch diameter: 20mm

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Result of deep drawing formability test


[ Measurement of limiting drawing ratio (LDR)]
SUS 304 LDR=2.21 LDR=2.36
specimen

punch

Thickness of specimen: 0.8mm Lubrication: punch side none die side vinyl film Punch diameter: 33mm LDR: Blank Diameter/Product Diameter

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Result of conical cup test

SUS 304 37.7mm

38.6mm
punch specimen

die

crack

Thickness of specimen: Lubrication: Punch diameter:

0.8mm machine oil (JIS K2214-1) 17mm


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5
(1)
SUS304 JFE436L JFE443CT JFE439L 400

Thickness 1.5mm

200

Tensile strength(N/mm2)

0.2 T (N/mm2)

150 100

300 200 100 0

50

0 500

600

700

800

900

1000

500

600

700

800

900

1000

Temperature()

Temperature()

High temperature strength of JFE443CT is same as JFE439L


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(2)Oxidation Resistance (High Temperature Cyclic Oxidation TestJIS Z 2282)


JFE439L JFE436L JFE443CT SUS304 10 <Testing Method> Oxidation(60min):Temp Up Heat(kept Temp for 30min) Cool down (200) Expose Point30Specimen0.8x20x30mm 40

800 Mass Gain(g/m2) Mass Gain(g/m2)


5

900
30 20 10 0 -10 -20
Peel Off

-5
Peel Off

-10

100

200

300

400

500

100

200

300

400

500

Oxidation Counts

Oxidation Counts

JFE443CT has better oxidation resistance than SUS304


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Cold rolling process


High efficient cold rolling process by using carbon steel facilities makes the cost of stainless steels down.

Conventional

() process

CA) Sendzimir and cluster mill Continuous annealing and pickling line

Hot rolled and annealed coil


JFE JFE high

2B Product

efficient processKM-CAL) facilities by using carbon steel


KD, KB Product

Cold tandem mill

High speed continuous annealing line with in-line pickling process

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Functional Products (KD,KB)


JFE Steel has 4 type finishes for ferritic Stainless Steel.

High BA Brightness Low KD Low B KB Cost High

Functional products are cost performance products.


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Surface Difference Compared 2B ,KB & KD( Tandem Rolled)


1. Surface Roughness
2B 0.05 0.55 KB 0.30 3.00 (m) KD 0.52 4.66

Ra Rmax

2. Surface Appearance

2B

KB

KD

Recommended Applications: (1) Hidden Parts : Auto Exhaust System, LCD Frame Panel (2) Surface Coated: Reefer Container (3) Polished Surface: Elevator, Escalator, Home Appliance Panel, BBQ,

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Nickel Price
Nickel Price at LME & 8% Nickel cost
12 11 10 9 8 1182 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
'02/ '03/ '03/ '04/ '04/ '05/4 '06/1 '06/4 May 30 J une 13 June 14 J une 21 June 30 J uly 4

8%Nickel Cost (US$/ton


2000
1680 1735 1560

Nickel Price$/Ib Nickel Price


1287 1093 1164 1058 1429

1845

1483 1376

1500

1000
705 617

500

8% Nickel Cost
0