"Prostitute" is derived from the Latin prostituta.

Some sources cite the verb as a composition of "pro" meaning "up front" or "forward" and "situere", defined as "to offer up for sale"[3]. Another explanation is that "prostituta" is a composition

of pro and statuere (to cause to stand, to station, place erect). A literal translation therefore would be: "to put up front for sale" or "to place forward". The online Etymology Dictionary states, "The notion of 'sex for hire' is not inherent in the etymology, which rather suggests one 'exposed to lust' or sex 'indiscriminately offered.'"[4] [5] However, another source says, "Being "up front" or being "exposed" referred to the Ancient Roman sex workers' habit of going about with their faces uncovered" which was in contrast to the general practice of women covering their faces with a "palla" (head cloth) while in public. Historically, "prostituta" was often applied to independent sex workers, those who worked in taverns, on the streets or in their own homes, as opposed to the slaves who were sold to the brothel-owners of the time's state-regulated brothels[6]. The word "prostitute" was then carried down through various languages to the present-day Western society. Most sex worker activists groups reject the word "prostitute" and since the late 1970's have used the term "sex worker" instead. However, a "sex worker" can also mean anyone who works within the sex industry or whose work if of a sexual nature and is not limited solely to prostitutes. Prostitution is the act or practice of providing sexual services to another person in return for payment. The person who receives payment for sexual services is called a prostitute and the person who receives such services is known by a multitude of terms, including a "john" or customer . Prostitution is one of the branches of the sex industry. The legal status of prostitution varies from country, from being a punishable crime to a regulated profession. Estimates place the annual revenue generated from the global prostitution industry to be over $100 billion. [1] Prostitution occurs in a variety of forms. Brothels are establishments specifically dedicated to prostitution. In

the act may take place at the customer's residence or hotel room (referred to as out-call). one type of human trafficking is defined as using coercion or force to transport an unwilling person into prostitution or other sexual exploitation[2]. France and Canada among others. Attitudes Roughly speaking. operating a brothel and other forms of pimping are prohibited. the current situation in the United Kingdom. typically from developed to under-developed nations. Sex trafficking. they are considered criminals): the prevailing attitude nearly everywhere in the United States. the possible attitudes are: "Prostitution should be made to disappear": prohibitionism (both prostitutes and clients are criminalized and are seen as   immoral.  abolitionism (prostitution itself is not prohibited. but their clients and pimps are. with a few exceptions in some rural Nevada counties (see Prostitution in Nevada). the clients of the prostitutes exploit the prostitutes"): prostitutes are not prosecuted. or at the escort's residence or in a hotel room rented for the occasion by the escort (called in-call). to engage in sexual activity with prostitutes. but the surrounding activities such as public solicitation. in an attempt to make it more difficult to engage in prostitution. Sex tourism refers to travelling. but most associated activities are illegal. Norway and Iceland (in Norway the law is even more strict. forbidding also having sex with a prostitute abroad). prostitution is heavily discouraged and seen as a social problem): prostitution (the exchange of sexual services for money) is legal.escort prostitution. which is the current situation in Sweden. it is a violation of human rights. Another form is street prostitution.[34] .  neo-abolitionism ("prostitution is a form of violence against women.

opponents suggest either going the full abolition route and criminalize clients or making sex work a regulated business. Germany. the legal stance of punishing pimping while keeping sex work legal but "underground" and risky is often denounced as hypocritical. There are more than 100. but feel that criminalization adversely affects sex workers. or violent. the current situation in the Netherlands. call girls. the current situation in New Zealand. Girl prostitutes are primarily located in low-middle income areas and business districts and are known by officials. The degree of regulation varies very much. there is controversy regarding the laws applicable to sex work.[35] In some countries. According to Human Rights Watch. . for example in Netherlands prostitutes are not required to undergo mandatory health checks (see Prostitution in the Netherlands) while in Nevada the regulations are very strict (see Prostitution in Nevada). Girl prostitutes are grouped as common prostitutes. demeaning. held in virtual imprisonment. Sex industry premises should not be subject to any special regulation or laws". Girls in prostitution in India. religious prostitutes or devdasi. Asia's largest sex industry center. there are approximately 15 million prostitutes in India. For instance. but prostitution is hardly regulated at all. most of Australia and parts of Nevada (seeProstitution in Nevada). prostitution and the employment of prostitutes are legal.000 women in prostitution in Bombay. "Prostitution should be tolerated by society":  regulation: prostitution may be considered a legitimate business. singers and dancers. pimping and street prostitution are struck down. sexually abused. and raped. the laws against operating a brothel. Brothel keepers regularly recruit young girls. but regulated. Proponents of this view often cite instances of government regulation under legalization that they consider intrusive. Pakistan and the Middle East are tortured.  decriminalization: "prostitution is labour like any other.

media. The other causes of prostitution include ill treatment by parents. known as the "devadasi belt. Economic causes include poverty and economic distress. Districts bordering Maharashtra and Karnataka. social customs. or they are trafficked through coercion and deception. And 60 per cent of those trafficked into prostitution are adolescent girls in the age group of 12 to 16 years. India and Pakistan are the main destinations for children under 16 who are trafficked in south Asia. bad company. Psychological causes include desire for physical pleasure. The children come from relatively poorer areas and are trafficked to relatively richer ones. ignorance.and caged brothel prostitutes. lack of sex education. These figures are corroborated by a study done by the Department of Women and Children in 13 sensitive districts of Uttar Pradesh.3 million children in its sex-trade centres. and dejection. along with Thailand and the Philippines. Many girls from villages are trapped for the trade in the pretext of love and elope from home only to find themselves sold in the city to pimps who take money from the women as commission. It reveals that all sex workers who formed a part of this survey had . India. early marriage and desertion. An oft-repeated cause of prostitution is poverty. The helplessness of women forces them to sell their bodies. The women here are in prostitution either because their husbands deserted them. NGOs like STOP and MAITI in Nepal report that most trafficking in India (both trans-border and in-country) is for prostitution. has 1. But poverty is only one of the reasons. lack of recreational facilities. family prostitutes. inability to arrange marriage. Many are devadasi dedicated into prostitution for the goddess Yellamma. What is causing alarm both in governmental and NGO circles is the escalation in trafficking of young girls in the last decade. and acceptance of prostitution. Most enter involuntarily. greed." have trafficking structures operating at various levels. prior incest and rape.

entered the profession as young girls. Many transsexuals. They face opposition from the public. and with the denial of employment they take to begging and then enter the sex market. The families of hijiras reject them. are sex workers. called hijiras. .