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Subnetting Practice # 1

Host IP Address: 195.70.16.93 Six bits have been borrowed to create the required subnets.

What class is this address? What is the default subnet mask? What is the subnet mask for this host in dotted decimal format? What is the subnet mask for this host in IP Prefix format? How many subnets were created? How many hosts per subnet? How many usable hosts per subnet? Address Subnet Mask Result What is the network address for the supplied host address? What is the broadcast address for the supplied host address? Is the address 195.70.16.159 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 195.70.16.28 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 195.70.16.58 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 195.70.16.164 a Network, Host or Broadcast address?

Class C 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.252 /30 64 4 2 11000011.01000110.00010000.01011101 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100 11000011.01000110.00010000.01011100 195.70.16.92 195.70.16.95 Broadcast address Network address Host address Network address

Perform the ANDing process on the supplied host address

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Subnetting Practice # 2
Host IP Address: 172.16.126.120 Eight bits have been borrowed to create the required subnets.

What class is this address? What is the default subnet mask? What is the subnet mask for this host in dotted decimal format? What is the subnet mask for this host in IP Prefix format? How many subnets were created? How many hosts per subnet? How many usable hosts per subnet? Address Subnet Mask Result What is the network address for the supplied host address? What is the broadcast address for the supplied host address? Is the address 172.16.101.54 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 172.16.21.255 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 172.16.54.0 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 172.16.220.43 a Network, Host or Broadcast address?

Class B 255.255.0.0 255.255.255.0 /24 256 256 254 10101100.00010000.01111110.01111000 11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000 10101100.00010000.01111110.00000000 172.16.126.0 172.16.126.255 Host address Broadcast address Network address Host address

Perform the ANDing process on the supplied host address

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Subnetting Practice # 3
Host IP Address: 192.166.21.83 Five bits have been borrowed to create the required subnets.

What class is this address? What is the default subnet mask? What is the subnet mask for this host in dotted decimal format? What is the subnet mask for this host in IP Prefix format? How many subnets were created? How many hosts per subnet? How many usable hosts per subnet? Address Subnet Mask Result What is the network address for the supplied host address? What is the broadcast address for the supplied host address? Is the address 192.166.21.70 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 192.166.21.135 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 192.166.21.72 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 192.166.21.167 a Network, Host or Broadcast address?

Class C 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.248 /29 32 8 6 11000000. 10100110.00010101.01010011 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111000 11000000. 10100110.00010101.01010000 192.166.21.80 192.166.21.87 Host address Broadcast address Network address Broadcast address

Perform the ANDing process on the supplied host address

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Subnetting Practice # 4
Host IP Address: 183.91.104.16 Eleven bits have been borrowed to create the required subnets.

What class is this address? What is the default subnet mask? What is the subnet mask for this host in dotted decimal format? What is the subnet mask for this host in IP Prefix format? How many subnets were created? How many hosts per subnet? How many usable hosts per subnet? Address Subnet Mask Result What is the network address for the supplied host address? What is the broadcast address for the supplied host address? Is the address 183.91.128.161 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 183.91.255.192 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 181.91.95.224 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 181.91.85.63 a Network, Host or Broadcast address?

Class B 255.255.0.0 255.255.255.224 /27 2048 32 30 10110111.01011011.01101000.00010000 11111111.11111111.11111111.11100000 10110111.01011011.01101000.00000000 183.91.104.0 183.91.104.31 Host address Network address Network address Broadcast address

Perform the ANDing process on the supplied host address

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Subnetting Practice # 5
Network Number: Required: 192.10.10.0

14 usable subnets 14 usable hosts per subnetwork

What class is this address? What is the default subnet mask? How many bits did you borrow? What is the new subnet mask for this host in dotted decimal format? What is the new subnet mask for this host in IP Prefix format? How many subnets were created? How many hosts per subnet? How many usable hosts per subnet? Is the address 192.10.10.95 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 192.10.10.152 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 192.10.10.208 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 192.10.10.120 a Network, Host or Broadcast address?

Class C 255.255.255.0 4 255.255.255.240 /28 16 16 14 Broadcast address Host address Network address Host address

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Subnetting Practice # 6
Network Number: Required: 165.127.0.0

950 usable subnets 60 usable hosts per subnetwork

What class is this address? What is the default subnet mask? How many bits did you borrow? What is the new subnet mask for this host in dotted decimal format? What is the new subnet mask for this host in IP Prefix format? How many subnets were created? How many hosts per subnet? How many usable hosts per subnet? Is the address 165.127.0.254 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 165.127.106.63 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 165.127.224.128 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 165.127.128.224 a Network, Host or Broadcast address?

Class B 255.255.0.0 10 255.255.255.192 /26 1024 64 62 Host address Broadcast address Network address Host address

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Subnetting Practice # 7
Network Number: Required: 118.0.0.0

119 usable subnets

What class is this address? What is the default subnet mask? How many bits did you borrow? What is the new subnet mask for this host in dotted decimal format? What is the new subnet mask for this host in IP Prefix format? How many subnets were created? How many hosts per subnet? (Use a calculator for this one.) How many usable hosts per subnet? Is the address 118.61.255.255 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 118.238.255.255 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 118.118.255.118 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 118.224.0.0 a Network, Host or Broadcast address?

Class A 255.0.0.0 7 255.254.0.0 /15 128 131072 131070 Broadcast address Host address Host address Network address

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Subnetting Practice # 8
Network Number: Required: 178.101.0.0

1,957 usable subnets 15 usable hosts per subnet

What class is this address? What is the default subnet mask? How many bits did you borrow? What is the new subnet mask for this host in dotted decimal format? What is the new subnet mask for this host in IP Prefix format? How many subnets were created? How many hosts per subnet? How many usable hosts per subnet? Is the address 178.101.1.113 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 178.101.128.159 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 178.101.192.224 a Network, Host or Broadcast address? Is the address 178.101.15.15 a Network, Host or Broadcast address?

Class B 255.255.0.0 11 255.255.255.224 /27 2048 32 30 Host address Broadcast address Network address Host address

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Subnetting Practice # 9
You are the network administrator for XYZ Widgets and Stuff and are required to subnet their network according to the diagram. Your head office has assigned the network 193.5.5.0 for you to use. It is the corporate policy that the IP address assigned to a default gateway is always the first host address in the subnet and subnets are always assigned beginning with the first usable subnet in the list. Answer the following: What class is this address? How many bits did you borrow? How many subnets have been created? How many hosts are there per subnet?

Class C 3 8 32

What is the default subnet mask (Dotted Decimal) What is the new subnet mask (Dotted Decimal)? What is the new subnet mask (IP Prefix)? How many usable hosts per subnet?

255.255.255.0 255.255.255.224 /27 30

Provide the required addresses for the subnetworks you will use. Network Sales Production Network Address Host Range Broadcast Address

193.5.5.0 193.5.5.32

193.5.5.1 - 193.5.5.30 193.5.5.33 - 193.5.5.62


Provide the required default gateway address assignments.

193.5.5.31 193.5.5.63

Interface fa0/0 Sales fa0/1 - Production

IP Address

Subnet Mask (Dotted Decimal)

IP Address and Subnet Mask in IP Prefix Format

193.5.5.1 193.5.5.33

255.255.255.224 255.255.255.224

193.5.5.1/27 193.5.5.33/27

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Subnetting Practice # 10
You are the network administrator for Bunch-A-Hosts Limited in Windsor and are required to subnet the network according to the diagram. You have decided to use the network 172.16.0.0. There are multiple subnets at each site but you are only responsible for providing usable subnetworks with enough IP addresses to cover the current number of hosts and future growth as outlined below. Ottawa Windsor Toronto London - 5% Growth - 5% Growth - 5% Growth - 10% Growth

Subnetworks are assigned beginning with the first usable subnet. Answer the following: What class is this address? How many bits did you borrow? How many subnets have been created? How many hosts are there per subnet? What is the default subnet mask (Dotted Decimal) What is the new subnet mask (Dotted Decimal)? What is the new subnet mask (IP Prefix)? How many usable hosts per subnet?

Class B 6 64 1024

255.255.0.0 255.255.252.0 /22 1022

Provide the required addresses for the subnetworks you will use. Network Ottawa Windsor Toronto London Network Address Host Range Broadcast Address

172.16.0.0 172.16.4.0 172.16.8.0 172.16.12.0

172.16.0.1 - 172.16.3.254 172.16.4.1 - 172.16.7.254 172.16.8.1 - 172.16.11.254 172.16.12.1 - 172.16.15.254

172.16.3.255 172.16.7.255 172.16.11.255 172.16.15.255

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Subnetting Practice # 11

You are the network administrator for Leaky Plumbing Supplies Ltd. and are required to subnet their network according to the diagram. Your head office has assigned the network 172.25.0.0 for you to use. The company anticipates a 25% growth in all areas over the next 5 years. Your boss expects you to plan for the future. It is the corporate policy that the IP address assigned to a default gateway is always the last host address in the subnet and subnets are always assigned beginning with the first usable subnet in the list. Answer the following: What class is this address? How many bits did you borrow? How many subnets have been created? How many hosts are there per subnet?

Class B 9 512 128

What is the default subnet mask (Dotted Decimal) What is the new subnet mask (Dotted Decimal)? What is the new subnet mask (IP Prefix)? How many usable hosts per subnet?

255.255.0.0 255.255.255.128 /25 126

Provide the required addresses for the subnetworks you will use. Network Sales Marketing Production Network Address Host Range Broadcast Address

172.25.0.0 172.25.0.128 172.25.1.0

172.25.0.1 - 172.25.0.126 172.25.0.129 - 172.25.0.254 172.25.1.1- 172.25.1.126


Provide the required default gateway address assignments.

172.25.0.127 172.25.0.255 172.25.1.127

Interface fa0/0 Sales fa0/1 - Marketing fa1/0 - Production

IP Address

Subnet Mask (Dotted Decimal)

IP Address and Subnet Mask in IP Prefix Format

172.25.0.126 172.25.0.254 172.25.1.126

255.255.255.128 255.255.255.128 255.255.255.128

172.25.0.126/25 172.25.0.254/25 172.25.1.126/25

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Subnetting Practice # 12
You are the network administrator for Mangiare Food Supplies in Rome and are required to subnet the network according to the diagram. You have decided to use the network 172.31.0.0. It is the corporate policy that the IP address assigned to a default gateway is always the last host address in the subnet and subnets are always assigned beginning with the first usable subnet in the list. WAN Links use the first two usable addresses in a subnet. Answer the following: What class is this address? How many bits did you borrow? How many subnets have been created? How many hosts are there per subnet?

Class B 10 1024 64

What is the default subnet mask (Dotted Decimal) What is the new subnet mask (Dotted Decimal)? What is the new subnet mask (IP Prefix)? How many usable hosts per subnet?

255.255.0.0 255.255.255.192 /26 62

Provide the required addresses for the subnetworks you will use. Network Rome Production RomeAccounting WAN Link Paris Accounting Paris Sales Network Address Host Range Broadcast Address

172.31.0.0 172.31.0.64 172.31.0.128 172.31.0.192 172.31.1.0

172.31.0.1 - 172.31.0.62 172.31.0.65 - 172.31.0.126 172.31.0.129 - 172.31.0.190 172.31.0.193 - 172.31.0.254 172.31.1.1 - 172.31.1.62

172.31.0.63 172.31.0.127 172.31.0.191 172.31.0.255 172.31.1.63

Provide the required default gateway and WAN port address assignments. Interface Rome fa0/0 Rome fa0/1 Rome s0/2/0 Paris s0/2/0 Paris fa0/1 Paris fa0/0 IP Address Subnet Mask (Dotted Decimal) IP Address and Subnet Mask in IP Prefix Format

172.31.0.62 172.31.0.126 172.31.0.129 172.31.0.130 172.31.0.254 172.31.1.62

255.255.255.192 255.255.255.192 255.255.255.192 255.255.255.192 255.255.255.192 255.255.255.192

172.31.0.62/26 172.31.0.126/26 172.31.0.190/26 172.31.0.130/26 172.31.0.254/26 172.31.1.62/26

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