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Chapter-2

STAAD PRO AN OVERVIEW

Ra jend ra Mat hu r D y. D ir(BS- C) 09412739 232(M) e-ma il mathur_rajendra@rediffma il.com

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STAAD PRO An Overview


Use of Computer in Structu ral Designing of Buildings In e ar lier period s sa y in s ixt ies, engineering calculat io ns were do ne b y slide ru les. Then in sevent ie s, came the era of calculators, w hic h replaced s lide rules comp letel y. T he calculators are ver y much in vogu e these da ys but to aid the structural e ngineer have come computers which are high-speed calculators and much mo re. When similar members (sa y, s labs, b eams columns, footings) are to be designed, relevant compu ter programs c an be used to get mo re accurate met hods which w ere earlier difficu lt and time-consuming to u se manuall y. Fo r examp le, frames u nd er horizo ntal loads were ana l ys ed b y portal o r cant ilever met hods manuall y. These gave o nl y approximat e resu lts and we had to be sat is fied w it h them. But now, comp uter can be used effect ivel y to get accurate results. Computer-Aided Analysi s & De sign:Co mputers have rece nt l y been brought in to aid structu ral designers. T hese m ac hines are a s effective as t he ava ilab le software (i.e. compu ter p ro grams). Programs are a va ilab le for design o f s labs, simp l y supported and continuous beams. Co lumns u nder biaxia l bend ing, isolated foo tings, combined fo otings a nd raft s. Ther e are also ava ilab le 2-D plane frame programs, gr ids, reta ining walls, etc. not onl y all t he ava ilable p ro grams ma y be to the liking o f a d es igner. T he as sumptions m ade in t he de velop ment o f some programs ma y no t be acceptable to t he structural des igner a nd in one ca se, it w as fo und t hat the colum n program pu rchased was valid onl y for s hort columns and not for long colu mns, alt hou gh at t he tim e of purchase, it was cla imed to be valid for both sho rt and ling co lumns. In practice, co nt inuou s beams, frame a nal ysis u nder horizonta l loads are a lmost alwa ys solved b y a computer. Sometime s, a n building is divided into fra mes in b oth t he pr inc ip al directio ns. A ll t he fr ames wit h t he vert ical and t he horizo ntal load s are pu t in t he computer and the solut ion is got w hic h includes t he complete d es ign of beams at al l the flo or levels. Colum n lo ads are t hen as sembled manuall y. Column design under bia xial be nding at all levels is done b y a co mpu ter program. A ver y powerful program STAAD Pro is a lso availab le in t he market whic h ca n be used fo r 3-D ana l ysi s of a building as a whole. It is usefu l for anal ysis a nd des ign of multi-storied build ings. We ma y

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cons ider t he follow ings met hods of approach in order to tap the fu ll cap acit y of STAAD Pro software.

Structural Design Using STAAD- PRO Concurrent Engineer ing based user e nvironment for deve lopment, a nal ysis, des ign, visualizat ion and ver ificatio n . model

Fu ll range o f ana l ys is including stat ic, P-delta, pushover, response spectrum, time histor y, cab le ( liner a nd no n-linear), bu ckling and st ee l, concret e a nd timber design. Comparison
Limitat io ns of Ha nd Computation Met ho ds

Applica ble fo r s ma ll pro blems Tedio us f o r even mediu m si zed pro bl ems 3 - d a na lysis a lmo st impo ssibl e

Adva nt age for Inventio n of Comp uter


M a t r i x m e t h o d s o f s t r u c t u r a l a n a l ys i s D e ve l o p m e n t o f n u m e r i c a l t e c h n i q u e s Finite ele ment metho d Pro g ra mming la ng ua g es develo ped

Object-o rie nted intuit ive 2 D/3D grap hica l model generat io n. Pull d own menus, float ing too l bars, tool tip he lp. Quick data input throu gh prop ert y sheets and spread sheet s. Customizab le structural template s for crea ting a model. Complete suppo rt of VBA macros fo r cu stomizatio n ( int e grat e w it h Match CDA or Excel). Supports tru ss and beam memb ers, plat es, solids, linear and no nlinear cables and curvilinear beams. Adva nce automatic load ge nerat io n fac ilities for wind, sno w, area, floor and mo ving lo ads. Fle xib le zoom, pan and multiple view s. Isometric and perspective view a nd 3D shapes. Toggle disp la y o f lo ads, supp orts, propertie s, joint s, memb ers, etc.

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Built- in co mma nd file editor for text ed it ing. State-of-t he-art grap hica l p re and post processors. Rect angular/c ylindr ical coo rd inat e s ys tems wit h mix and matc h capabilit ies. J oint, member/e leme nt, mes h controlled numb ering s cheme. ge nerat ion w it h fle xib le user-

Imp ort/Export DSF, DWG, VRM L, CIS /2 and Exce l file s. Efficient a lgor it hm minimiz es disk sp ace requirement s. FPS, metric or SI units. Present at ion qualit y printer plots of geometry a nd results as part of run output. Gra phics En vironm ent Mo del Generation Eas y au to mesh and auto refinement of user-define s polygo na l eleme nt b oundar y b y s imple mouse c licks, including op enings and column/wa ll lines. Unlimited Undo and Redo . More structure wizard models inc luding user-defined parametric stru ctures to create any s tructural temp lat e. 2D and 3D grap hic generat io n us ing rectangu lar, c yli ndr ica l and reverse c ylindric al coordinates s ys tem s. Segme nt s of repetit ive geometry ma y be used to gener ate complex stru ctural models. Generat e, co p y, repeat, mirro r, pivo t, etc. for quick and eas y geometr y ge nerat ion. Comprehe ns ive graphics ed iting. Librar y of commonl y used stru ctures can be pic ked and disp la y o f prop erties, loadings, supports, o rie ntat ions etc. Graphic al spec ific at ion a nd disp la y of properties, loadings, su pports, orientat ions etc. Imp ort/Export Auto Cad 2D/3D/ DXF or CIS/2 files to st art your model. Acces s to text editor to modif y model quic kl y t hrou gh command s ynta x. User-co ntrolled scale fa ctors for deflected or mode shapes. Inte lligent ob ject s (beams, plate s, columns) to report geometr y. Structure Wizard to create parametr ic t emplates, meshe s w ith ho les

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a nd cu rved surfaces. Eas y s nap-to construction gr id for la yi ng o ut b eams a nd colu mns on irregular gr ids. Step-b y-to ha nd calcu lat ions inclu ding all formulae, intermed iat e result s, and code clause s for stee l a nd concrete design. Graphic all y disp la ying built-up sectio ns a nd customized shapes in 3D within t he S TAAD Pro environm ent. New customizab le nod e/member renumbering sc heme.

DESIG N CODES Steel Des ign Des ign cod es inc lude AISC (ASD and LRFD a nd & 3 r d Ed.), AIS I a nd AAS HTO. Optio nal cod es a vailab le inclu de ASCE 52, BS5400, BS5950, Canadian, South Afric a, Chines e, French, German, J apanese, Ind ia n, Sca nd ina vian, Me xica n (NTC a nd CFE), Eurocode a nd mu ch more. Built- in-st eel t ab les includ ing A ISC (7 t h -9 t h Editio ns), Au stralian, Brit is h, Canadian, Chine se, European, Ind ia, J apa nese, Korean, Mexica n, Russian and South Afric a. Shape s inc lude I-Beams w it h or wit hout cover plate s, c hannels, a ngles, double angles/channels, pipes and tubes (HSS Sect io ns). User-specified design parameters inc luding s ides wa y, st iffe ners , welding, net s ect io n factor, drift a nd defle ctio n. Code check, member sele ct ion co ns ist ing of ana l ys is/design c yc les. Calculat ion of Effect ive Le ngt h F actors (K Factors) for Steel De sign. Powerful group ing co mmand to design dis joint ed members as a phys ic al memb er. Concrete De sig n Des ign of concre te beam/columns/s lab s per ACI 318-02, 318-95 . Also foo ting design per ACI 318-02. Optiona l codes include BS8007 , BS8110, Canadia n, French, German, Spanish, Sca ndina vian, J apanese, Chinese, Australia n, So uth Afr ican, Singaporean and India n Codes IS-456 -2000. Des ign c ircular, recta ngu lar, I and L s hap ed, trapezoidal and Tee sect io ns. Numerical a nd grap hica l d es ign outputs wit h co mplete reinforceme nt details. Interact ive co ncret e design and detailing w it h b ar scheduling and

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int eract ive rebar la yout. Des ign P hysical members b y combining separate beam ent it ies as one w ith fu ll step-b y- step ca lcu lat ion s heets for verificat io n. Full, inte grated rect a ngular shear wa ll ana l ys is and design (inc luding op enings) w it h o utput inc luding forces at differe nt height s a long t he wall

(axial, s hear a nd mo ment in-p lane a nd ou t-of-plane bending moment), automatic m es hing of t he wall, horizo ntal and vert ica l s hear and edge reinforceme nts at different he ights.

Analysi s & D esign


Static Anal ys is

Prim ar y P-d elta N o n- l i n e a r N o n- L i ne a r C a b l e

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
Anal ysis is perfo rmed to predict the response of a structure to applied external loads.

Real worl d pr ob l em

I d ealizati on to a math ematical mo del

Sol uti on o f t he mo del

Rea l wo rld structural problem s are ver y complex in natu re. Anal ysis of t hese p roblems req uires id ealizat ion.

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Element Types
Structural Elements
Lin e

Truss

Beam

Surface Plate/ Shell Surface


Solid

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Structure Types
STRUCTURAL TYPES:
Y

TRUSS (2 D) TRUSS (3 D)
GY
Z X

GX

GZ

PLANE

SPACE

FL OOR

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Boundary Condition

Partially Restrained

Full y Restrained

Partially restrained w/ Spring s

Inclined

Multi-linear

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Bas ic Des ign


Steel Concrete

Sta tic Ana lysi s Geometric Mo deling Material Propertie s Sect iona l Properties Supports : Bou ndary Co nd it ions Loads & Load combinat ions Specia l Co mma nds Anal ysis Spec ificat io n Des ign Command Geo metric Modeling Nodal Co -o rd inate Data Select io n of Eleme nts : Eleme nt Librar y Beam E lements : Beams, Colu mns, Truss Members Plat e Element s : Stru ctural Walls, Floo r Slabs Pla ne Stres s Eleme nt s : S hear Wa lls, F loor Slabs Acting As Rigid Diaphra gm To Lateral Loading Solid Eleme nts : T hic k Raft, Block Found atio ns Surface Element: R e c t a n gu l a r D e f a u l t D i v i s i o n 1 0 X 1 0 , no . c a n b e c o nt r o l l e d M a i n l y i n t r o d u c e d f o r S he a r W a l l M o d e l i n g & D e s i g n Sectiona l & Material Properties Beam E lements : Cro ss Sect ion Plat e Element s : Thickness Solid Eleme nts : N IL

Material means a set of: M o d u lu s o f E l a s t i c it y P o i s s o n s R a t i o Weight Densit y T he r m a l C o e f f ic i e nt Damp ing R at io Shear Mo d u lu s Geometric Constant B e t a ( ) A n g l e

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R e f e r e nc e P o i n t

LOADS Self W eig ht Jo int Loa ds C o n c e nt r a t e d Lo a d & M o m e nt s Su pp o rt Disp lacement Lo ad s Member Lo ads U n i fo r m F o r c e & M o m e nt ( F u l l / P a r t i a l ) ( d 1 , d 2 , d 3 ) C o n c e nt r a t e d F o r c e & M o m e nt ( d 1 , d 2 ) Flo o r Lo ad & Area Lo ad (n ew GX, GZ Flo o r Lo ad ) Linear Var ying & Trap ezo id al Lo ad Pr e- Str ess / Po st- Stres s Lo ad H yd r o s t a t i c T r a p e z o id a l L o a d T e m p e r a t u r e Lo a d ( x , y, z ) F i x e d E nd L o a d

LOADS
Plate Element Loads

P r e s s u r e ( F u l l / P a r t i a l) C o n c e nt r a t e d F o r c e ( x , y) T r a p e z o i d a l & H yd r o s t a t i c T r a p e z o i d a l L o a d Surfa ce Element Pr es sur e Generated Loa ds W i nd L o a d S e i s m i c C o - e f f i c i e nt M e t ho d Rep etit ive Mo ving Lo ad Dynami c Loads Time Histo ry R e s p o ns e S p e c t r u m Combined Effect of Loads C o m b i na t i o n ( A l g e b r a i c , S R S S , A B S ) R e p e a t Lo a d IS 1893 2002 (Part 1) Parameters: S e i s m i c Z o n e C o e f f i c ie n t R e s p o ns e Re d u c t i o n F a c t o r Importance Factor So il S ite Fa cto r T yp e o f S t r u c t u r e D a m p i n g R a t i o ( o b t a i n M u lt i p l i c a t i o n F a c t o r f o r S a / g) D e p t h o f F o u nd a t i o n b e l o w G r o u nd L e v e l

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Red uction of A h due to Depth o f Foundation C Value Abolis hed Acceleratio n as Funct io n of Time Per iod and S oil T ype Eva luat ion of Ba se S hear Distr ibution of Later al S to re y Forces (sam e as before) New F loor Weight & E lement We ight Commands

DESIGN

Once anal ys is is completed for different load co mbinat ion design


will be perfo rm fo r lo ad enve lope case.

Concret e Des ign can b e do ne eit her using IS456 or for ductile
detailing IS-13920 can a lso b e used . Using STAAD Pro for analysis & des ign the Building as a whole Steps in design 1. Manu al design of slabs, stair s, c ha jjas, non- gr id beams, etc. 2. Preparing data for STAA PRO program at a ll leve ls i.e generat io n of mod el, load int e nsit ie s at all flo ors and wall load as u.d.l, support conditio ns, mat erial p roperties et c 3. Us ing computer, feeding data and getting t he ou t-put. It gives beam and co lumn design at all leve ls and it also gives co lumn loads for design o f fou ndatio ns.. 4. Manu al design of fo otings. 5. Preparation of structu ral drawings w it h found ations and upwards b y A UTO CAD or b y manua l. After a nal ys is a nd design b y STAAD Pro so ftware w e ha ve to note down area of st eel for colu mn at various le vels & grou ping is done accordingl y. For beams be have to do detailing as per SP-34 b y noting down t he main r einforceme nt & S hear reinforceme nt & at var ious sect ion flo or wise. The drawings are prepared floor-wise, st art ing from the fo undation, p lint h beam and upwards a nd issued to the s ite for executio n in t he s ame order.

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INPUT FILE OF STAAD PRO FOR ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF A BUILDING


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STAAD SPACE START JOB INFO RM ATION ENGINEER DATE 12-No v-07 END JOB INFO RMATION INP UT WIDT H 79 UNIT METER KN JOINT COO RDIN ATES 1 0 -1.2 0 ; 2 3 -1.2 0; 3 7 -1.2 0; 4 11 -1.2 0; 5 15 -1.2 0 ; 6 18 -1.2 0; 7 0 -1.2 6 ; 8 3 -1.2 6; 9 7 -1.2 6; 10 11 -1.2 6; 11 15 -1.2 6; 12 18 -1.2 6; 13 0 -1.2 12; 14 3 -1 .2 12; 15 7 -1.2 12; 16 11 -1.2 12; 1 7 15 -1.2 12; 18 18 -1.2 12; 101 0 0 0 ; 102 3 0 0; 103 7 0 0; 104 11 0 0; 105 15 0 0; 106 18 0 0; 107 0 0 6 ; 108 3 0 6; 109 7 0 6; 110 11 0 6; 111 15 0 6; 112 18 0 6; 113 0 0 12; 114 3 0 12 ; 115 7 0 12; 116 11 0 12; 117 15 0 12; 118 18 0 12; 119 0 0 8; 120 3 0 8; 121 7 0 8 ; 122 11 0 8; 123 15 0 10; 124 18 0 10; 201 0 3 .5 0; 202 3 3.5 0; 203 7 3.5 0; 204 11 3.5 0; 205 15 3.5 0; 206 18 3.5 0; 207 0 3.5 6; 208 3 3.5 6; 209 7 3.5 6; 2 10 11 3.5 6; 211 15 3.5 6; 212 18 3.5 6; 213 0 3 .5 12; 214 3 3.5 12; 215 7 3.5 12; 216 11 3.5 12; 217 15 3.5 12; 218 18 3.5 12; 21 9 0 3.5 8; 220 3 3.5 8; 221 7 3.5 8; 222 11 3.5 8; 223 15 3 .5 10; 224 18 3.5 10; 225 7 1 .75 12 ; 226 11 1.75 12; 301 0 7 0; 302 3 7 0; 303 7 7 0; 304 11 7 0; 305 15 7 0; 306 18 7 0; 307 0 7 6 ; 308 3 7 6; 309 7 7 6; 310 11 7 6; 311 15 7 6; 312 18 7 6; 313 0 7 12; 314 3 7 12 ; 315 7 7 12; 316 11 7 12; 317 15 7 12; 318 18 7 12; 319 0 7 8; 320 3 7 8; 321 7 7 8; 322 11 7 8; 323 15 7 10; 324 18 7 10; 325 7 5 .25 12 ; 326 11 5.25 12; 401 0 10.3 0; 402 3 10.3 0; 403 7 10.3 0; 404 11 10.3 0 ; 405 15 10.3 0; 406 18 10 .3 0; 407 0 10.3 6; 408 3 10.3 6; 409 7 10.3 6; 410 11 10.3 6 ; 411 15 10.3 6 ; 412 18 10.3 6; 413 0 10.3 12; 414 3 10.3 12; 415 7 10.3 12; 41 6 11 1 0.3 12 ; 417 15 10.3 12; 418 18 10.3 12; 419 0 10.3 8; 420 3 10.3 8; 421 7 10.3 8; 422 11 10.3 8; 423 15 10.3 10; 424 18 10 .3 10; 425 7 8 .75 12 ; 426 11 8.75 12; 501 7 12.7 6; 502 11 12.7 6; 503 7 12.7 12; 504 11 12 .7 12; MEM BER INCIDENCES 101 101 102; 102 102 103; 103 103 1 04; 104 104 105; 105 105 106; 106 107 108;

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107 112 113 118 119 124 125 130 131 136 137 205 206 211 212 217 218 223 224 229 230 235 236 304 305 310 311 316 317 322 323 328 329 334 335 403 404 409 410 415 416 421

108 120 121 116 117 108 120 110 122 112 124 205 207 219 220 216 217 208 220 210 222 212 224 304 305 311 319 314 316 302 308 304 310 306 312 403 404 410 411 413 414 419

109; 121; 122; 117 ; 118; 120; 114; 122; 116; 124; 118; 206; 208; 220; 221; 217; 218; 220; 214; 222; 216; 224; 218; 305; 306; 312; 320; 315; 317; 308; 320 ; 310; 322; 312; 324; 404; 405; 411; 412; 414; 415; 413;

108 109 110; 109 110 1 11; 110 111 112; 111 119 120; 114 123 124; 115 113 1 14; 116 114 115; 117 115 116; 120 101 107; 121 107 1 19; 122 119 113; 123 102 108; 126 103 109; 127 109 1 21; 128 121 115; 129 104 110; 132 105 111; 133 111 1 23; 134 123 117; 135 106 112; 201 201 202; 202 202 2 03; 203 203 204; 204 204 205; 207 208 209; 208 209 2 10; 209 210 211; 210 211 212; 213 221 222; 214 223 2 24; 215 213 214; 216 214 215; 219 201 207; 220 207 2 19; 221 219 213; 222 202 208; 225 203 209; 226 209 2 21; 227 221 215; 228 204 210; 231 205 211; 232 211 2 23; 233 223 217; 234 206 212; 237 225 226; 301 301 3 02; 302 302 303; 303 303 304; 306 307 308; 307 308 3 09; 308 309 310; 309 310 311; 312 320 321; 313 321 3 22; 314 323 324; 315 313 314; 318 317 318; 319 301 3 07; 320 307 319; 321 319 313; 324 320 314; 325 303 3 09; 326 309 321; 327 321 315; 330 322 316; 331 305 3 11; 332 311 323; 333 323 317; 336 324 318; 337 325 3 26; 401 401 402; 402 402 403; 405 405 406; 406 407 4 08; 407 408 409; 408 409 410; 411 419 420; 412 420 4 21; 413 421 422; 414 423 424; 417 416 417; 418 417 4 18; 419 401 407; 420 407 419;

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422 402 408; 423 408 420; 424 420 4 14; 425 403 409; 426 409 421; 427 421 415; 428 404 410; 429 410 422; 430 422 4 16; 431 405 411; 432 411 423; 433 423 417; 434 406 412; 435 412 424; 436 424 4 18; 437 425 426; 501 501 502; 502 503 504; 503 501 503; 504 502 504; 100 1 1 10 1; 1002 101 201; 1003 201 301 ; 1004 301 401; 2001 2 102; 2002 102 202; 200 3 202 302; 2004 302 402; 3001 3 103 ; 3002 103 203; 3003 203 303; 3004 303 403; 4 001 4 104; 4002 104 204; 4003 204 304; 4004 304 404; 5001 5 105; 500 2 105 205; 5003 205 305; 5004 305 405; 6001 6 106; 6002 106 206; 6003 206 306; 6 004 306 406; 700 1 7 10 7; 7002 107 207; 7003 207 307; 7004 307 407; 8 001 8 108; 8002 108 208; 8003 208 308; 8004 308 408; 9001 9 109; 900 2 109 209; 9003 209 309; 9004 309 409; 9005 409 501; 10001 10 110; 1 0002 110 210; 10 003 210 310; 10004 310 410; 10005 410 502; 11001 1 1 111 ; 11002 111 211; 1 1003 211 311; 11004 311 411; 12001 12 112; 12002 11 2 212 ; 12003 212 312; 1 2004 312 412; 13001 13 113; 13002 113 213; 13003 2 13 313; 13004 313 413 ; 14001 14 114; 14002 114 214; 14003 214 314; 14004 3 14 414; 15001 15 115; 1 5002 115 225; 15003 225 215; 15004 215 325; 15005 3 25 315; 15006 315 425 ; 15007 425 415; 15008 415 503; 16001 16 116; 16002 11 6 226 ; 16003 226 216; 1 6004 216 326; 16005 326 316; 16006 316 426; 16007 4 26 416; 16008 416 504 ; 17001 17 117; 17002 117 217; 17003 217 317; 17004 3 17 417; 18001 18 118; 1 8002 118 218; 18003 218 318; 18004 318 418; DEFINE MATERIA L START ISOTROPIC CONCRETE E 2.17185e+007 POISSO N 0.17 DENSITY 23.5616 ALP HA 1 e-005 DAMP 0.05 END DEFINE M ATERIAL

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MEM BER PROP ERTY AMERICAN 1001 TO 1004 2001 TO 2004 3001 TO 3004 4001 TO 4004 5001 TO 5004 6001 TO 6004 7001 TO 7004 8001 TO 8004 9001 TO 9005 10001 TO 10005 11001 TO 11004 12001 12002 TO 12004 13001 TO 13004 14001 TO 14004 15001 TO 15008 16001 TO 16008 17001 TO 17004 18001 TO 18004 P RIS YD 0 .3 ZD 0 .6 MEM BER PROP ERTY AMERICAN 111 TO 114 211 TO 214 237 311 TO 314 337 41 1 TO 414 43 7 502 PRIS YD 0.45 ZD 0 .23 120 TO 137 219 TO 236 319 TO 336 419 TO 436 503 504 PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.3 101 TO 110 115 TO 119 201 TO 210 215 TO 218 301 TO 310 315 TO 318 401 TO 410 415 TO 418 501 PRIS YD 0.45 ZD 0.3 CONSTANTS MATERIAL CON CRETE MEMB 101 TO 137 20 1 TO 237 30 1 TO 337 401 TO 437 501 TO 504 1001 TO 1004 2001 TO 2004 3001 TO 3004 4001 TO 4004 5001 TO 5004 6001 TO 6004 7001 TO 7004 8001 TO 8004 9001 TO 9005 10001 TO 10005 11001 11002 TO 11004 12001 TO 12004 13001 TO 13004 14001 TO 14004 15001 TO 15008 16001 TO 16008 17001 TO 17004 18001 TO 18004 SUPPO RTS 1 TO 18 FIXED *ZONE III , CONS IDE RING ORDINARY MOMENT RESISTANT FRAME FOR MEDIUM SOIL UNIT MM S NEWTON MEM BER RELEASE 111 114 211 214 311 314 411 414 S TART MZ 113 114 213 214 313 314 413 414 END MZ UNIT METER KN DEFINE 1 893 LOAD ZONE 0.16 RF 3 I 1 SS 2 ST 3 JOINT WEIGHT 101 WEIGHT 85.13 102 WEIGHT 111 .04 103 WEIGHT 118 .02 104 WEIGHT 117 .77 105 WEIGHT 84.31

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106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312

WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT WEIGHT

85.26 163 .24 162 .18 171 .62 172 .39 134 .06 158 .87 88.75 99 150 .09 150 .14 127 .8 97.01 113 .37 156 .75 170 .52 172 .82 158 .67 113 .52 223 .46 279 .83 327 .51 294 .85 250 .11 221 .07 114 .66 180 .03 232 .11 222 .57 181 .04 123 .82 114 .1 157 .89 172 .09 174 .12 159 .8 114 .27 221 .76 276 .11 323 .95 291 .52 246 .31 219 .38

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313 WEIGHT 115 .5 314 WEIGHT 181 .11 315 WEIGHT 229 .5 316 WEIGHT 219 .86 317 WEIGHT 182 .17 318 WEIGHT 124 .68 401 WEIGHT 68.96 402 WEIGHT 122 .95 403 WEIGHT 133 .8 404 WEIGHT 136 .21 405 WEIGHT 123 .84 406 WEIGHT 68.84 407 WEIGHT 145 .12 408 WEIGHT 244 .63 409 WEIGHT 341 .48 410 WEIGHT 303 .81 411 WEIGHT 235 .42 412 WEIGHT 147 .21 413 WEIGHT 66.97 414 WEIGHT 133 .23 415 WEIGHT 185 .86 416 WEIGHT 173 .94 417 WEIGHT 133 .54 418 WEIGHT 70.18 501 WEIGHT 72.68 502 WEIGHT 72.61 503 WEIGHT 73.53 504 WEIGHT 73.82 LOA D 1 SEISMIC X DIRECTION 1893 LOAD X LOA D 2 SEISMIC Z DIRECTION 1893 LOAD Z LOA D 3 LOADTYPE Dead TITLE SELFWEIG HT SELF WEIG HT Y -1 LOA D 4 LOADTYPE Dead TITLE DEAD LOAD FROMSLAB FLOO R LO AD *DEA D lOAD from FF SLAB YRANGE 3.5 3.5 F LOAD -5 XRANGE 0 18 ZRANGE 0 6 GY YRANGE 3.5 3.5 F LOAD -5 XRANGE 0 7 ZRANGE 6 12 GY YRANGE 3.5 3.5 F LOAD -5 XRANGE 7 11 ZRANGE 6 8 GY YRANGE 3.5 3.5 F LOAD -5 XRANGE 11 18 ZRANGE 6 12 GY *DEA D lOAD from SF SLAB YRANGE 7 7 FLOAD -5 XRANGE 0 18 ZRANGE 0 6 GY

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E4 -E5 Civil (Tec hnic al)

Rev date: 20 -04-11

YRANGE 7 7 FLOAD -5 XRANGE 0 7 ZRANGE 6 12 GY YRANGE 7 7 FLOAD -5 XRANGE 7 11 ZRANGE 6 8 GY YRANGE 7 7 FLOAD -5 XRANGE 11 1 8 ZRANGE 6 1 2 GY *DEA D lOAD from Terrace SLAB YRANGE 10.3 10.3 FLOAD -8 XRANGE 0 18 ZRANGE 0 6 GY YRANGE 10.3 10.3 FLOAD -8 XRANGE 0 7 ZRANGE 6 12 GY YRANGE 10.3 10.3 FLOAD -8 XRANGE 7 11 ZRANGE 6 8 GY YRANGE 10.3 10.3 FLOAD -8 XRANGE 11 18 ZRANGE 6 1 2 GY *DEA D lOAD from Mu mt y S LA B YRANGE 12.7 12.7 FLOAD -6 XRANGE 7 11 ZRANGE 6 12 GY LOA D 5 DEAD LOAD OF WA LLS MEM BER LOAD 101 TO 110 115 116 118 TO 122 13 5 TO 137 20 1 TO 205 21 5 TO 221 234 TO 236 301 TO 305 315 TO 321 334 TO 336 UNI GY -15 111 112 114 123 126 129 133 134 206 TO 212 214 306 TO 312 314 UNI GY -9 117 UNI GY -10.5 213 313 UNI GY -30 113 UNI GY -30 2 4 401 TO 405 415 TO 421 434 TO 436 UNI GY -5 408 426 427 429 430 UNI GY -10 .5 413 UNI GY -30 0 2 501 TO 504 UNI GY -3 237 337 437 UN I GY -54 LOA D 6 LOADTYPE Live FLOO R LO AD *FF SLAB YRANGE 3.5 3.5 F LOAD -4 XRANGE 0 18 ZRANGE 0 6 GY YRANGE 3.5 3.5 F LOAD -4 XRANGE 0 7 ZRANGE 6 12 GY YRANGE 3.5 3.5 F LOAD -4 XRANGE 7 11 ZRANGE 6 8 GY YRANGE 3.5 3.5 F LOAD -4 XRANGE 11 18 ZRANGE 6 12 GY *SF SLAB YRANGE 7 7 FLOAD -4 XRANGE 0 18 ZRANGE 0 6 GY YRANGE 7 7 FLOAD -4 XRANGE 0 7 ZRANGE 6 12 GY YRANGE 7 7 FLOAD -4 XRANGE 7 11 ZRANGE 6 8 GY YRANGE 7 7 FLOAD -4 XRANGE 11 1 8 ZRANGE 6 1 2 GY *Terrace SLAB YRANGE 10.3 10.3 FLOAD -1.5 XRANGE 0 1 8 ZRANGE 0 6 GY YRANGE 10.3 10.3 FLOAD -1.5 XRANGE 0 7 ZRANGE 6 12 GY YRANGE 10.3 10.3 FLOAD -1.5 XRANGE 7 1 1 ZRANGE 6 8 GY YRANGE 10.3 10.3 FLOAD -1.5 XRANGE 11 18 ZRANGE 6 12 GY *Mumty S LAB

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E4 -E5 Civil (Tec hnic al)

Rev date: 20 -04-11

YRANGE 12.7 12.7 FLOAD -0.75 XRAN GE 7 11 ZRANGE 6 12 GY LOA D 10 DEAD LOAD( UNFA CTORED) REPEAT LOAD 3 1.0 4 1.0 5 1.0 LOA D COMB 1 1 ((DEAD LOAD + LIVE LOA D)*1.5) 10 1.5 6 1.5 LOA D COMB 1 2 (DEADLOAD *1.2 + LIVE LOAD *1.2 + EQLOAD+X *1.2) 10 1.2 6 1.2 1 1.2 LOA D COMB 1 3 (DEADLOAD *1.2 + LIVE LOAD *1.2 + EQLOAD_X *1.2) 10 1.2 6 1.2 1 -1.2 LOA D COMB 1 4 (DEADLOAD *1.2 + LIVE LOAD *1.2 + EQLOAD+Z *1.2) 10 1.2 6 1.2 2 1.2 LOA D COMB 1 5 (DEADLOAD *1.2 + LIVE LOAD *1.2 + EQLOAD_Z *1.2) 10 1.2 6 1.2 2 -1.2 LOA D COMB 1 6 (DEADLOAD *1.5 + EQLOAD+X *1.5) 10 1.5 1 1.5 LOA D COMB 1 7 (DEADLOAD *1.5 + EQLOAD-X *1.5) 10 1.5 1 -1.5 LOA D COMB 1 8 (DEADLOAD *1.5 + EQLOAD+Z *1.5 ) 10 1.5 2 1.5 LOA D COMB 1 9 (DEADLOAD *1.5 + EQLOAD_Z *1 .5) 10 1.5 2 -1.5 LOA D COMB 2 0 (DEADLOAD *0.9+ EQLOAD+X *1.5) 10 0.9 1 1.5 LOA D COMB 2 1 (DEADLOAD *0.9 + EQLOAD_X *1.5) 10 0.9 1 -1.5 LOA D COMB 2 2 (DEADLOAD *0.9 + EQLOAD+Z *1.5 ) 10 0.9 2 1.5 LOA D COMB 2 3 (DEADLOAD *0.9 + EQLOAD-Z *1.5) 10 0.9 2 -1.5 LOA D COMB 2 4 (DEADLOAD *1.0+ LIVE LOAD *1.0)(FOR FOUNDATION DES IGN) 10 1.0 6 1.0 PERFORM ANA LYS IS LOA D LIST 3 24 PRINT SUPP ORT REACT ION LOA D LIST 11 TO 24 START CONCRETE DES IGN CODE IN DIAN

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E4 -E5 Civil (Tec hnic al)

Rev date: 20 -04-11

UNIT MM S NEWTON FC 20 ALL FYMAIN 415 ALL FYSEC 415 ALL DESIGN COLUM N 1001 TO 1004 2001 TO 2004 3001 TO 3004 4001 TO 4004 5001 TO 5004 6001 TO 6004 7001 TO 7004 8001 TO 8004 9001 TO 9005 10001 TO 10005 11001 TO 11004 12001 TO 12004 13001 TO 13004 14001 TO 14004 15001 TO 15008 16001 TO 16008 17001 TO 17004 18001 TO 18004 DESIGN BEAM 1 01 TO 137 201 TO 237 301 TO 337 401 TO 437 501 TO 504 CONCRETE TAKE END CONCRETE DESIGN FIN IS H

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E4 -E5 Civil (Tec hnic al)

Rev date: 20 -04-11

Questions
1. Which t ype of a nal ys is can be carried ou t b y STAAD-P RO ? 2. Which t ypes of structures are supported in STAAD-PRO? 3. Which s tructural compone nts ar e called as beam eleme nts in STAAD-PRO? 4. What is the sequ enc e of command s in a STAAD-PRO input file? 5. What are t he t ypes of structures that can b e designed u sing STAAD-PRO? 6. What are t he t yp es of loads t hat can be ap plied on structu ral model in STAAD-P RO ? 7. What are the s ect io nal s hapes that can b e designed in RCC design in STAA D-PRO? 8. What are t he coordinate s ystems t hat are used for grap hica l generat io n o f model in STAA D-PRO ? 9. Whet her numb ering scheme of members in STAAD-PRO building model t he can be User controlled ? 10. Which unit s ystem ca n be used in STA AD-PRO?

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