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UK writer, one of the grand masters of science fiction with Isaac Asimov and Robert A. Heinlein. Apart from his literary endeavours, however, Arthur C. Clarke is remembered as the inventor of communication satellite, an idea he first expounded in a 1945 article entitled 'Extraterrestial Relays.' Clarke's professional writing career spanned over five decades.
-"Behind every man now alive stand thirty ghosts, for that is the ratio by which the dead outnumber the living. Since the dawn of time, roughly a hundred billion human beings have walked the planet Earth. --Now this is an interesting number, for by a curious coincidence there are approximately a hundred billion stars in our local universe, the Milky Way. So for every man who has ever lived, in this universe, there shines a star." (from Clarke's foreword in 2001, A Space Odyssey, 1968)
Arthur C. Clarke was born at the coast town of Minehead, the eldest of four children. His father, Charles Wright Clarke, was a farmer; he died in 1931. Clarke's mother was a post office telegrapher. Left with her children, she gave riding lessons to augment the family income. Clarke became interested in science in early age. While at Huish's Grammar School, Clarke started to writes 'fantastic' stories which were published in school magazines and fan magazines. He was an avid reader of the magazine Astounding Stories, devoured works from such writers as H.G. Wells and Jules Verne, and built transmitters and chrystal radio sets. His first telescope Clarke constructed at thirteen. On leaving school Clarke worked in the Exchequer and Adult Department in London. His job involved auditing teacher pensions. Clarke's apartment became the meeting place of the British Interplanetary Society, which he had joined when he was sixteen, and in 1949 he was appointed chairman of the BIS. From 1941 to 1946 Clarke served in the Royal Air Force, specializing in radar and eventually rising to the rank of flight-lieutenant. During the service Clarke sold his first science-fiction story to John W. Campbell, editor of Astounding Science Fiction. In 1945 he wrote a technical paper that was the forerunner of communication satellites. The essay war reprinted in ASCENT TO ORBIT, a collection of his technical writings, that he brought out after receiving the Marconi Award in 1982 for his contributions to communications technology. Clarke's non-science fiction novel, GLIDE PATH (1963) was based on a testing program for the first blind approach radar. After the war Clarke entered King's College, London, and took two years later his B.Sc. with honours in physics and mathematics in 1948. His first published novel, PRELUDE TO SPACE, was written in three weeks during the summer of 1947. From 1949 to 1951 he was an assistant editor of Physics Abstracts. Since 1952 Clarke worked as a full-time writer. In the 1950s Clarke became interested in undersea exploration. He settled in 1956 permanently in Sri Lanka, where he wrote several fiction and nonfiction books and articles about the Indian Ocean. With his friend Mike Wilson he filmed the Great Barrier Reef of Australia, from which his novel THE DEEP RANGE (1957) derives. Clarke also served as a director of Rocket Publishing, London, Underwater Safaris, Colombo, and Spaceward Corporation, New York. Fortunate to see his visions turn into reality, Clarke also appeared as commentator on CBS TV for the Apollo 11, 12 and 15 Moon missions. Due to a severe attack of polio in 1962, Clarke became completely paralyzed. As his farewell to the sea he wrote DOLPHIN ISLAND. After recovering Clarke started his cooperation with the director Stanley Kubrick. Later he accompanied his friend Mike Wilson on an underwater adventure six miles off the coast of Sri Lanka, which was depicted in THE TREASURE OF THE GREAT REEF (1964). However, Clarke still spent over six months out of his beloved
To solve the mystery astronauts are sent to Jupiter with the help of the "infallible" super-computer HAL 9000. and in RENDEZVOUS WITH RAMA (1973) a research team is sent to investigate a cylindrical object hurtling through the solar system. but after the arrival of his first computer . Andy Warhol.the things that really matter . Until 1982 Clarke had written his books with a typewriter. and art . Clarke said of the film. if you never stray from your hotel bar or the dusty streets of westernized Colombo. history. we've failed in our intention". With Gentry Lee. as I have. and 3001: THE FINAL ODYSSEY (1996). Clarke's story was the basis of the novel and film 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY (1968). Clarke's best known works include the short story THE SENTINEL (1951). the chief engineer on Project Galileo. His illustrious acquaintances during this period included Arhur Miller. In 1980 he was Vikram Sarabhai Professor at Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad. 1977) In the 1980s Clarke was a presenter of the television series Arthur C. With the amazing machine Clarke presents one of the basic philosophical questions: can there be intelligence without consciousness? After a series of accidents and HAL's operations. Although Clarke announced that THE FOUNTAINS OF PARADISE (1979) would be his last work of fiction." (Clarke in The View from Serendip. and it would serve you right. What you get from it depends on what you bring. The novel was based on the original screenplay. But if you are interested in people. As my friend Ray Bradbury said. with which he was able to receive programs broadcast from experimental satellite ATS6. and RAMA II (1989). about man's contact with sentient life. Clarke's catastrophe novel THE HAMMER OF GOOD (1993) about an asteroid hurtling toward Earth. Clarke's Venus Prime series was franchised to Paul Preuss. that a lifetime is not enough. It send's a signal towards Jupiter. and Norman Mailer. Rendezvous with Rama won the Nebula and Hugo Awards. nature. December 2000-February 2001.'"(Newsweek. "If anyone understands it on the first viewing. 'We do this not to predict the future but to prevent it. you could perish of fulminating boredom in a week. it contains as many variations of culture. In 1975 the Indian government presented him with a satellite dish. disease and poverty. it's the exact opposite. when he won a Hugo for his story 'The Star'. India. 2010: ODYSSEY TWO (1982).5 MB of memory . In 2001 a mysterious monolith is found buried beneath the surface of the moon. and climate as some countries a dozen times its size. There he embarks on the final step in humankind's next developmental stage and at the end.island because of tax laws. In fact. A FALL OF MOONDUST (1961) was a tale of marooned moon schooner. voiced in the film by the Canadian actor Douglas Rain. David Bowman. The Kubrick/Clarke vision from 1968 of computers and space programs at the turn of the century did not came true. for which Clarke wrote the script with Stanley Kubrick. Allen Ginsberg. He was the guest of honour at the 1956 World Science Fiction Convention. anticipated such films as Deep Impact (1998) and Armageddon (1998). Campbell Memorial Award. Clarke also received the Franklin Gold . 2061: ODYSSEY THREE (1988). He lectured widely in Britain and in the United States. Clarke wrote CRADLE (1988). as a fetus. originally conceived as a movie project. Clarke's Mysterious World (1980) and World of Strange Powers (1985). scenery.he used only his word processor. one of the astronauts. is left alone as the ship reaches the planet. he continued his literary activity. In an interview Clarke acknowledged: "We science-fiction writers never attempt to predict. Clarke continued the Odyssey Saga in three sequels. and the John W. "The island of Ceylon is a small universe. CHILDHOOD'S END (1953) told about the beginning of the age of Humankind after Overlods have eliminated ignorance. In the spring of 1964.you may find. symbolizes the birth of the Übermensch. Clarke retired to Hotel Chelsea in New York and began to write a novel about a space travel. special edition) Clarke was fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society and recipient of many awards for his science fiction.
Clarke: A Critical Companion by Robin Anne Reid (1997). the Stars by J. that knowledge is not wisdom. Clarke: The Authorized Biography by Neil McAleer (1992). ed. on March 19.H. Clarke's Odysseys by Peter Stockill (1990). 1957 THE REEFS OF TABROBANE. Clarke once said.Marsin aamunkoitto (suom. Clarke was made a knight in 1998. Asimov: A Memoir. on social questions. 1954 THE YOUNG TRAVELLER IN SPACE. He died in Colombo. Samuelson (1984). Kimmens (1996). For further reading: Arthur C. 1957 THE OTHER SIDE OF THE SKY. they separated after a few months and divorced officially in 1964. Against the Night. In Rendezvous with Rama the discussions of a research team form an allegory for the great question of the meaning of life. In an article from 1999. Rabkin (1979). "Nevertheless. 1952 . In the sequels technological progress allows to reveal some of the secrets behind the monolith.in the sense of raw data .C. 1951 . 2001 traces the evolution of man and humanity's quest for existential answers.Maan valo (suom. but not always. Wireless World. World Authors 19001950. Greenberg (1977) . 1994) Selected works: y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Extraterrestrial Relays. Anja Toivonen) ISLANDS IN THE SKY. Arthur C. Hugo L. on science. a city in a third world country is devastated in 2009 by the accidental explosion of an A-bomb in its armory. I have never had an occasion to disagree with him on any of these things. and in 2014 starts the construction of Hilton Orbiter Hotel. ed. Seymour-Smith and A. But information is the first essential step to all of these. "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic". The technological details of his books were flawless. 1958 VOICE ACROSS THE SEA.is not knowledge.Medal." (Isaac Asimov in I. 1959 . which is a credit to his clear-thinking intelligence. and that wisdom is not foresight. Clarke: A Primary and Secondary Bibliography by David N. 1987). 'The Twentieth-First Century: A (Very) Brief History. Arthur C. symbolized by the unearthly monolith. Mäkinen) CHILDHOOD' END. 1956 THE CITY AND THE STARS. Slusser (1978). 1999) A central theme in Clarke's fiction was the "spiritual" rebirth and the search for man's place in the universe.E. 1958 ACROSS THE SEA OF STARS. it is vital to remember that information . 1951 THE SANDS OF MARS. 2008. 1957 TALES FROM THE WHITE HART. by J. 1945 INTERPLANETARY SPACE. by M."Arthur and I share similar views on science fiction. Clarke by E. and on politics.' he predicted that the last coal mine is closed in 2006.D.S. 1955 .Ilmojen saaret (suom. Matti Kannosto) EXPEDITION TO EARTH. 1958 BOY BENEATH THE SEA. 1950 THE EXPLORATION OF SPACE.Kadonnut menneisyys (suom. Clarke by G.Clarke. 1956 .Lapsuuden loppu (suom. 1953 (includes the short story The Sentinel) THE EXPLORATION OF MOON. Arthur C. 1957 THE MAKING OF THE MOON. ed. Olander and M. The Space Odysseys of Arthur C.1954 EARTHLIGHT." (from 'Is There Life After Television' in Greetings. and in 1962 the UNESCO-Kalinga Prize for popularizing science. Anja Toivonen) THE DEEP RANGE. and often Clarke guessed right new advances in science. In 1954 he married Marilyn Mayfield whom he had met on a trip to Florida. Carbon-Based Bipeds!. Arthur C. Eila Salminen) THE COAST OF CHORAL. For the last two decades of his life. Clarke suffered from post-polio syndrome. Hollow (1983. rev. Sri Lanka. 1953 . 1951 PRELUDE TO SPACE.
Tähtiaika (suom. 1964 MAN AND SPACE. dir. CLARKE'S CHRONICLES OF THE STRANGE AND MYSTERIUS. Matti Kannosto) ARTHUR C. 1972 THE LOST WORLDS OF 2001.Kehto (suom.Paratiisin suihkulähteet (suom. 2019. 1965 THE NINE BILLION NAMES OF GOD. Matti Kannosto) 2061: ODYSSEY THREE. 1969 THE LION OF COMARRE AND AGAINST THE FALL OF THE NIGHT. Matti Kannosto) RAMA II.2010 Avaruusodysseia (suom. 1989 . 1985 (with Simon Welfare and John Fairley) ODYSSEY FILE. CLARKE OMNIBUS. 1987 . 1989 (with Gentry Lee) .2001 avaruusseikkailu (suom. Matti Kannosto) IMPERIAL EARTH: A FANTASY OF LOVE AND DISCORD.Selene I (suom.film 1984. 1975 THE VIEW FROM SERENDIP. 1972 RENDEZVOUS WITH RAMA. 1964 . Sakari Ahlbäck) film 1968. 1967 ASECOND ARTHUR C. Matti Kannosto) THE WIND FROM THE SUN. 1962 TALES FROM TEN WORLDS. CLARKE'S JULY 20.Ulos avaruuteen (suom.: THE COMING OF THE AGE. 1972 . 1965 PRELUDE TO MARS. 1985 (with Peter Hyams) SELECTED WORKS.Uhka avaruudesta (suom. 1962 REACH FOR TOMORROW. Ilkka Äärelä) BEYOND JUPITER. 1962 PROFILES OF THE FUTURE. 1973 . 1970 FIRST ON THE MOON. 1968 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY. 1967 ed. 1960 THE CHALLENGE OF THE SPACESHIP. 1984 ARTHUR C. by Stanley Kubrick GLIDE PATH. 1988 (with Gentry Lee) . 1963 GLIDE PATH. 1967 ed. FROM THE STARS. 1980 . 1972 INTO SPACE.: ARTHUS C. 1961 . 1979 .y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y THE CHALLENGE OF THE SEA. dir. 1971 OF TIME AND STARS. CLARKE'S WORLD OF STRANGE POWERS. 1972 INDIAN OCEAN TREASURE. Matti Kannosto) . 1962 INDIAN OCEAN ADVENTURE. Pekka Markkula) TALES FROM THE PLANET EARTH. 1987 CRADLE. 1985 ed.Rama II (suom.: TIME PROBE. Pertti Jotuni) VOICES FROM THE SKY.Kaukaisen maan laulut (suom. CLARKE'S MYSTERIOUS WORLD. 1960 THE FIRST FIVE FATHOMS. Matti Kannosto) ARTHUR C. 1986 .Tuuli auringosta (suom. 1970 MEETING WITH MEDUSA. 1986 THE SONGS OF DISTANT EARTH. 1960 A FALL OF MOONDUST. by Peter Hyams ASCENT TO ORBIT: A SCIENTIFIC AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 1968 THE PROMISE OF THE SKY. 1963 THE TREASURE OF THE GREAT REEF. 1962 DOLPHIN ISLAND. 1968 . 1980 2010: ODYSSEY TWO. 1972 REPORT ON PLANET THREE.Odysseia 2061 (suom. Matti Kannosto) FROM THE OCEANS. 1972 . 1977 THE FOUNTAINS OF PARADISE.
1991 THE FANTASTIC MUSE.: War of the Worlds by H. Wells. CARBON-BASED BIPEDS!. Wells. 2005 (with Stephen Baxter) . CLARKE'S A-Z OF MYSTERIES: FROM ATLANTIS TO ZOMBIES. 1990 PROJECT SOLAR SAIL. by Ian MacAuley) THE TRIGGER. 1990 (ed. 1996 GREETINGS.G. 1993 THE HAMMER OF GOD. 1992 BY SPACE POSSESSED. 1989 THE GHOST FROM THE GRAND BANKS.G. 1993 RAMA REVEALED.) THE GARDEN OF RAMA.: First Men in the Moon by H.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y ASTOUNDING DAYS: A SCIENCE FICTION AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 2000 (with Michael Kube-McDowell) TIME'E EYE. Jarmo Hakanen.Tieteen kuvalehden suuri kirja (suom. 1993 ed. 1992 HOW THE WORLD WAS ONE. 1991 (with Gentry Lee) THE GHOST FROM THE GRAND BANKS. 1993 ed. 1999 (ed. 2004 (with Stephen Baxter) SUNSTORM. 1994 (with Simon Welfare and John Fairley) . 1993 ARTHUR C. Jere Hakanen) 3001: THE FINAL ODYSSEY.
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