SYNTAX THE SIMPLE SENTENCE KINDS OF THE SIMPLE SENTENCE 1.

Define the kinds of sentences according to the purpose of the utterance. A. Presently, looking along the road, she [Kezia] saw two little dots. Now she could see that they were, the Kelveys... ³Hello,´ she said to the passing Kelveys. ³You can come and see our doll¶s house if you want to´ . . .But at that Lil turned red and shook her head quickly. ³Why not?´ asked Kezia. Lil gasped, then she said, ³Your ma told our ma you wasn¶t to speak to us.´² ³Oh, well,´ said Kezia. She didn¶t know what to reply. ³It doesn¶t matter« Come on. Nobody¶s looking. ... Don¶t you want to?´ asked Kezia... Kezia led the way. Like two little stray cats they followed across the courtyard to where the doll¶s house stood ³I¶ll open it for you,´ said Kezia kindly. She undid the hook and they looked inside. ³There¶s the drawing-room and the dining-room and that¶s the ²Kezia!´ Oh, what a start they gave! It was Aunt Beryl¶s voice. ³Run away, children, run away at once.´ (Mansfield). B. Laura was terribly nervous. Tossing the velvet ribbon over her shoulder, she said to a woman standing by ³Is this Mrs. Scott¶s house?´ and the woman smiling queerly, said ³It is my lass´. ³Oh, to be away from this!´ She actually said ³Help me God!´ as she walked up the tiny path and knocked. To be away from these staring eyes, or to be covered in anything, one of those women¶s shawls even! I¶ll just have the basket and go, she decided. I shan't even wait for it to be emptied. Then the door opened. A little woman in black showed in the gloom. Laura said, "Are you Mrs. Scott?" But to her horror the woman answered, ³Walk in, please, miss," and she was shut in the passage. "No," said Laura, "I don't want to come in. I only want to leave this basket." The little woman in the gloomy passage seemed not to hear her. "Step this way, please, miss," she said in an oily voice, and Laura followed her. 2. Point out one-member and two-member sentences. Say a) if they are extended or unextended, b) if the twomember sentences are complete or incomplete. A. 1. Ben closed his eyes to think clearly for a moment. 2. ³Two cups of coffee, please,... young Flynn timidly ordered. ³What else do you want?´ ² ³Jam turnover´. (Coppard). 3. ³Why did you leave her [baby] in that mill?´ ² ³Out of the rain.´ ² ³In her pram?´ ² ³Naturally. She¶s asleep.´ ...The mystery was awful and complete. Abandoned perambulator! Total disappearance of a baby! Horror! Martyrdom! Death! (Bennett). 4. Scene I ² A room in Harley Street furnished as the Superintendent¶s Office in a Nursing Home. (Berkeley).

B. 1. He stared amazed at the calmness of her answer. 2. We must go to meet the bus. Wouldn't do to miss it. 3. Obedient little trees, fulfilling their duty. 4. Lucretius knew very little about was going on in the world. Lived like a mole in a burrow. Lived on his own fat like a bear in winter. 5. He wants to write a play for me. One act. One man. Decides to commit suicide. 6. A beautiful day, quite warm. 7. ³What do you want?´ ³Bandages, stuff for wounded´. 8. ³How did he look?´ ³Grey but otherwise much the same´ ³And the daughter?´ ³Pretty´. 9. And the silence and the beauty of this camp at night. The stars. The mystic shadow water. The wonder and glory of all this. 10. ³I¶ll see nobody for half an hour, Macey,´ said the boss. ³Understand. Nobody at all.´ 11. ³Mother, a man¶s been killed.´ ³Not in the garden?´ interrupted her mother. Garden at the manor house. A flight of grey stone steps leads up to the house. The garden, an old fashioned one, full of roses. Time of year, July. Basket, chairs, and a table covered with books, are set under a large yew tree. C. Find in an English text 4 examples of a two-member sentence: a) complete, b) incomplete, c) extended, d) unextended: 2 examples of a one-member sentence: a) extended, b) unextended.

KINDS OF QUESTIONS 3. Define the type of question. 1. Lady Bracknell: Where did the charitable gentleman . . . find you?

2. Gwendolen: How long do you remain in town? 3. Jack: What on earth are you so amused at? 4. Algernon: Do you really keep a diary? 5. Gwendolen: I may call you Cecily, may I not? ² Cecily: With pleasure! ² Gwendolen: And you will always call me Gwendolen, won¶t you?²Cecily: If you wish. ² Gwendolen: Then that is quite settled, is it not? (Wilde). 6. ³Won¶t you sit down?´ said Josephine. (Mansfield). 7. ³There¶s no point in my seeing your people, is there?´ (Berkeley). 8. Is the poem ³The Cloud´ written by Shelley or by Byron?

4. Make up sentences of different types (declarative, imperative, exclamatory, all kinds of interrogative sentences) using the given words. 1. of, have, the, map, a, at, look, England. 2. be seen, England¶s, the, may, cliffs, mainland, white, from. 3. sea, far, London, from, is, the? 4. close, aren¶t, the, Wales, are, they, mountains, sea, to, in, the, quite. 5. weather, how, the, beautiful, is, calm, in, sea! 6. ancient, this, lose, of, post-card, don¶t, picture, castle, an. 7. is, a, landscape, this, picturesque, what! 8. centuries, invaded, the, what, in, tribes, Britain, V²VI? 9. the, did, the or, Anglo-Saxons, win, the,¶ of, battle, Hastings, Normans? 10. survives, the, in, Celt, language, of, some, Scotland, parts, and, Ireland.

5. Ask questions to which the parts of the sentences or the whole of the sentences given in bold type are the answers. 1. The first settlers in Britain belonged to the Celtic tribes. 2. The actual conquest of Britain by Rome did not take place before the 1st century of our era. (general, disjunctive). 3. We do not know the details of the AngloSaxon invasion of Britain. (general, disjunctive). 4. Numerous patients come to Bath to keep up health. 5. For those who seek a boisterous holiday Devonshire provides everything that could be wished for: golf, bathing, excursions, and trips. 6. Windsor Castle has been the home of English kings for nine hundred years. 7. The Castle stands upon a hill commanding the River Thames. 8. It is impossible to live anywhere in Britain far from the sea. (general, disjunctive). 9. In the month of August numerous yachting regattas may be seen near the Isle of White. 10. We shall see the highest tide if we come to the shore in full moon. 11. There are numerous kinds of strange seaweeds in the sea. (general, disjunctive). 12. Man has fished from earliest times. (general, disjunctive). 13. Although rather close to London, Epping Forest is the home of such wild creatures as foxes and deer. 14. The journey from London to the sea-shore does not take more than an hour. (general, disjunctive). 15. Hastings has a high reputation in the world of music by reason of its annual Festival.

6. Change the following declarative sentences into disjunctive questions. Model: He is not ill. He is not ill, is he? 1. She is a talented singer. 2. You¶ll tell us about it. 3. He can swim. 4. They¶ve come. 5. You saw him last night. 6. There is some time left. 7. It snowed hard yesterday. 8. You¶ll have to write to him at once. 9. He must have a good rest. 10. She was greatly astonished. 11. He doesn¶t speak French. 12. They haven¶t come yet. 13. He didn¶t ring you up yesterday. 14. They weren¶t at home. 15. She wasn¶t long. 16. They are not here. 17. She isn¶t clever. 18. There

isn¶t much time left. 19. I¶m not good at algebra. 20. We shan¶t go to the concert. 21. She bought a new hat. 22. They live at the corner of our street. 23. We hadn¶t been interested in it. 24. They didn¶t listen in last night.25. This photo was taken long ago. 26. She couldn¶t recollect your address.

THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF THE SENTENCE THE SUBJECT 7. Point out the subject. State what it is expressed by. Translate the sentences into Romanian. 1. Mary brought in the fruit on a tray ... (Mansfield). 2. ³Thinking won¶t help´. (Mansfield). 3. From five to six is my real working time. (Shaw). 4. Captain Shotover: You frequent picture palaces. Mangan: Perhaps I do. Who told you? (Shaw). 5. Nobody¶s well in this world.´ (Coppard). 6. The wind blew down from the headland ... (Du Maurier). 7. ³Finding you has not made any difference, has it?´ (D Maurier). 8. ³The boat has been there, all these months. No one has moved anything.´ (Du Maurier). 9. ³...Someone must have been talking ... You can¶t stop these people (Du Maurier). 10. Two is company, three is none. 11. The rhododendrons were upon us ... Already they looked a little over-blown, a little laded.(Du Maurier). 12. ³One of the second-class passengers has a room in the house...´ (Maugham). 13. Those are your clerk¶s initials, aren¶t they? (Berke ley). 14. Unfortunately the innocent are always involved in any conflict. (Greene). 15. One never knows another human being. (Greene). 16. All is well, said that sleeping lace ... But all the same you had to cry . .. (Mansfield). 17. The three reached the Museum Hotel after one o¶clock. (Cronin). 19. The sick do not ask if the hand that smooths their pillow is pure.

8. State with what meaning the pronouns one, we, you, they are used in the function of the subject. Translate the sentences. 1. One must spare other people¶s feelings. 2. You cannot do different kind of work at a time. 3. We often see other people¶s faults without seeing our own. 4. They say the weather will change soon. 5. We rather say ³It¶s me´, not ³It¶s I´ 6. One should be careful when swimming in an unknown river.

9. State the nature of it. Translate the sentences. 1. It was a rare tonic to see Con again ... (Cronin). 2. It was possible to see the hen-house from the window of her bedroom ... (Bates). 3. I looked at my watch. It had gone eleven. (Greene). 4. ³You heard the news?´ ² ³Yes´. ² ³It¶s a terrible thing,´ he said, ³terrible´. (Greene). 5. It was dark in the hall. (Mansfield). 6. It was she who had stopped the car ... (Galsworthy). 7. ³Mr. D¶Arcy,´ she said, ³what is the name of that song you were singing?´ ² ³It¶s called The Lass of Aughrim,´ said Mr. D¶Arcy ... (Joyce). 8. It cast a gloom over the boat, there being no mustard. (Jerome). 9. The telephone rang. I went to answer. It was Joe Bjornson. (Scheurweghs). 10. How far is it from your house to the river? 11. ³Who is there?´ ² ³It¶s only me and my friends.´ (Scheurweghs). 12 ... it was the steppe that seemed unreal. (Lessing). 13. It was the dignity that checked my tongue. (Lessing). 14. ³This was the Old Chief¶s country,´ he said. ³It stretched from those mountains over there way back to the river (Lessing). 10. Insert it or there. Comment on their use. Translate the sentences. 1. In the evening of that day __________ rained heavily. I went to the post office, and as I stood on the steps, umbrellaless ... a little, hesitating voice seemed to come from under my elbow. I looked down___________ was the First of the Barons with the black bag and an umbrella. He was asking me to share the latter. Now, __________is something peculiarly intimate in sharing an umbrella.² is apt to put one on the same footing as brushing a man¶s coat for him. When we arrived at the pension ____________was very nearly an open riot «___________ was very friendly of the Herr Oberlehrer to have sent me a bouquet that evening. 2. ³____________ µs such a mistake´, sighed Airs. Spears. ³To be weak with children when they are little ³ ³« ____________ is nothing like handing

(Bates). 1. 12. He had been polite enough to the Macphails during the journey. ³I¶ve gone lame. 7. B. 3. I can never go to bed in time: ____________is so much work to do. 9.´ (Greene). and his yellow drawn face went paler. ³Then you don¶t whip them yourself?¶ ³Never. 2.. ____________ is the middle of July. Davidson looked scared. ___________ is interesting to watch them.. __________µs the duty of the father´. 2. 5. Her mind was really getting muddled. With this effort from his neck he passed out again. 13. 5. ³It sounds like condensed milk. 4. 7. ³The weather seemed to break this afternoon. They would never have found her there. __________ came in spring and built a nest here.. 13. (Du Maurier). That peaceful sky hung arched over a desperate death. Point out the simple and the compound predicate. although he remained half aware of it. State the kind of the predicate... 13. ___________ is 30 degrees above zero. 10. He was hot. 12. 6. 14. 4. 7. You weren¶t allowed to retreat. She was moaning and crying. The stars raced across the sky. My memory comes to the surface again . ___________had been a bad day at the office. (Shaw).. tired out. Gerald: I don¶t understand you now. began to crack. 4.. It was growing twilight. 3. 11. (Galsworthy). (Aldington). (Maugham). I couldn¶t help walking with my shoulders bent.. 6. _________ is hot. ³Are you a Devonshire girl?´ (Galsworthy)... Everything seemed new and clear . ³.. 8. ³It wouldn¶t have been very nice for the Davidsons to have to mix with all that rough lot in the smoking-room. Aldington). 9. ____________ is very bad to go to bed so late. 10. (O¶Casey). The sick man had been brought ashore .. This excess of caution seemed positively lunatic to troops coming straight from the front line . (Maugharn). and this time into the furious black pain that seemed to last too long. (Aldington).. 3. Arguments proved useless ² the old man was impla cab . 15. ( Mauriec). The little boy was silent.. ____________ are many people on the beach. Translate the sentences. ___________ are no waves on the sea. (Mansfield).. ³By this time to-morrow she¶ll be gone.. 8. ³1 can skin rabbits. I went on holding his cold hands. The mast began to shiver. 11... _____________ is the swallow that I like most of all the birds.. 1. 16. 6. 7. (Maugham).struggle of the nations. ³.. That night he slept like a top . (Greene). ____________is 12 o¶clock at night. (Du Maurier). (Wilde). and on the top shelf stood a brown bear with a painted tongue. 5. _________were threads of cloud too . ³He smokes one hundred and fifty pipes every day. ³We shall be very pleased. (Aldington).´ (Galsworthy). The gramophone which had been silent for so long was playing . Look! _________ is a nest over your window! I know ___________is a swallow¶s nest. Point out the link-verb of the compound nominal predicate. 15. 10. 6. 5. (O¶Casey). ³It seems so odd to us (Du Maurier). ___________ is so pleasant to bask in the sun. (Cronin). He looked puzzled and suspicious. __________ is on such hot days that I like to bathe most of all. _________were nettles in the garden . THE PREDICATE 11. Please..´ (Maugham).´ ²³That sounds a lot´. 14.´ (Greene). __________ seemed in the shadow to be grinning at Dicky¶s father« ___________ was nearly dark in the garden. (Cronin). His father might be dead. ³What is Diolaction?´ I said. Find in an English text sentences containing different kinds of the predicate. (Galsworthy).. He looked pale and tired. The blanched skin was slowly turning pink.. On the first of October he was able to tell her to refurnish the house. _________ is no wind. 11. 2. 1 had a drink of brandy. 3. (Greene). (Greene).. We don¶t have the same trouble. The signal officer made a face. (Maugham 13. __________was hot in London´. (Aldington)... He felt very conscious now . 12. _________ were woods about me. ___________ is late. ³I¶ve been trying to get in touch with you all afternoon´ . I don¶t think ___________µs the mother¶s place to whip the children. keep quiet. at Malta. The doctor was feeling wan and nervous. ___________µs the last of the heat waves for this summer´. Within ten minutes he had been awakened by his servant. 14.. 12 Her lips quivered as she sat silent. The two guards looked at me . 8. .. 4.. In the corner of the drawing room _________was a picture. Now ________ are some little swallows in it.´ (Maugham). dusty.them over to their father´.. 9. ___________was no Happy Valley. where I am being rushed by an Orient liner . (Cronin).´ (Galsworthy).´ (Du Maurier).. (Greene). I said.´ (Galsworthy). (Maugham). 1.

to turn 1. He kept very still. to keep 1. so come in. 3. Looking round the restaurant she _____________ sure that no other woman there . 8.´ 2. she would _________ mad then! 6. 9. Translate the sentences.´ he said. 15. Returning home in the afternoon she __________ conscious of her own betraying radiance. b) as an auxiliary verb.. to cease 1.. to go.´ shall 1. (Greene). 10. 2) four examples with the verb to have used a) as a notional verb in the function of a simple predicate. 2. Oh.. to sound. He felt for a bunch of keys in his pocket. 1. to get. µWhy didn¶t you give it [the telegram] to me?´ 2. and when he breathed out he kept the valve well into the coral behind him so that the air bubbles . 12. b) as part of a phraseological unit. (Pu Maurier). (Cronin). Frith . He _________ very short. I ___________ very lonely myself sometimes. and turned the body over.. I . 4) examples with the verbs to come. 7. ³Don¶t be an old stay-at-home (Cronin). Insert the appropriate link-verbs (to look. (Greene). 5. The perpetual harassing fire had kept him on the alert day and night. to keep. They were wider apart than before. Phillips will tell them so. I _________ ten´. to break. 15. 3. 14. She ___________ limp with her suppressed fear. Dr. red-brown hair had ² wildly loose. (Greene). Ben fell back clumsily on to the twoinch coral edge of the water-line.. But I could not keep the morning editions from him. I hid the paper under the cushion of the chair . and the money be snatched from her very lingers. 2. (Pu Manner). He landed perfectly and while the hound ___________ baffled flung him self at his hind-quarters.. 11. unless our stomach wills so.. M Macphail bent down ... Point out the predicative and state what it is expressed by. d) with a modal meaning. The he was frightened: she __________ so pale. 8.. 4. c) as an auxiliary verb. to feel to be. 2. 9. replied the flustered boy. could feel her pain in every line. Macphail did not answer. to turn. 10. Shall I write? Shall he help you? 3. 7. She¶s tougher than you¶ll ever be´.² ³Yes. b) as link-verbs. We cannot work. to give 1. a) as notional verbs. All morning he was in a mood of high satisfaction. She wants to turn over a new leaf. ³. The dog has ceased barking. But soon he fell into a walk. 2. 2. to feel.´ (Greene). He¶s a sticky sort of chap. (Pu Manlier) 13. d) with a modal meaning. ³She¶s no child.. ³1 was asleep at first. Something horrible might happen . I hope Dominguez is well?´ (Greene). 11. and then walked again. 6. Comment on the use and the meaning of the given verb in the sentences of every group. did not frighten them [sharks] off. to stand... The metallic blonde at the next table turned to her companion with a smile of amusement. (Du Maurier). Now the only thing to do is to admit the error.. 3. d) as a verb-substitute. to seem. 3. ³She was so experienced in a boat´. 5. My hand was hot. to grow to become) 1. But accidents will happen 3. Phuong had probably only shown the letter as a kind of boast ² it wasn¶t a sign of mistrust. Repton shrugged his shoulders. 3) four examples with the verb to do used a) as a notional verb.. 4. I shall be of age next year. Her short. damp. and presently he fell asleep. b) as an auxiliary verb. ³. and then I didn¶t want to be disturbed. . The girl gave a little gasp. ³That¶s all.. It was a long time since I had received a letter from my wife. 2.. 2. to look. 4. c) to emphasize the meaning of the notional verb. Do have a short rest! You shall fall ill if you go on working like that. but he _________ happier. we cannot think. But I am disturbed. 1 felt physically sick.. The minis ceased. (Bates). 3. It was all gone.. then ran. B) Find in an English text: 1) examples with the verb to be used a) as a notional verb in the function of a simple predicate. to get. and he was forty-three. The air was full of thunder.14. will 1. to fall 1. Will you pass me the bread.. The jury will believe that at the inquest too. Andrew turned giddy.. had as much as thirty pounds in her handbag. to grow. 4. At last they the dogs fell on each other with terrible fury. please? 4.. c) as a link-verb. 16.

A table had been set up under a tree . 8. 1. ³took a quick look´ ² a simple predicate expressed by a phraseological unit. 7.. were) sitting round the table. 11. are) a comedy by Shakespeare. are) packed up. ³went to sleep´ ² a compound verbal predicate of aspect containing the finite verb ³to go´. The red and green plaid (is. which expresses the beginning of the action..17. If one (works. The wounded (was. (Greene)... 4. Davison! You look hot.. one (makes.. The grey and the black puppy (was. 4. Translate. the whole way through our bad times. He seemed scared about something. 18. 14. Another three metres (was. are) to be delivered on Friday. 21. were) standing on the river bank. work) hard. Chris. are) dangerously ill. are) on the sofa. are) dangerously ill. . Comment on the kind of the predicate as in the given model. (Lawrence). 9. ³was .. 8. 10. 16. were) grazing in the field.. 9.. were) bought for the girl¶s dress.. Father Brown made no answer. My school-mate and my new fellow-student (has. ill´ ² a compound nominal predicate ex pressed by the link-verb ³was´ and its predicative. 3. Use the appropriate form of the verb. have) increased. were) many people in the hall. were) sleeping on the rug. 19. a) Our old teacher and friend (is. were) warmly congratulated by all their friends. b) The family (was.. were) transported to the hospital. 13. Twenty dollars (is. are) not much for this nice coat. Everything (is. took a quick look to see that Davy was not ill . When (is. (Warner). Gymnastics (strengthens. 6. A lecture and a report on this subject (is. 6. b) Our old teacher and our young friend (is. and an infinitive. All the things (is. 20. have) met at my place lately. 15. and the dreams of love came true.´ (Cronin). A number of people (was. The works (consists of. Have a cup of tea?´ (Aldington). saw himself and her stealing forth at night . ³You¶ve been a little brick. are) your grandson and your granddaughter coming to see you? 5. He was afraid of arriving home alone . (Chesterton).. The newly married couple (was. 7. AGREEMENT OF THE PREDICATE WITH THE SUBJECT 18. There (was. were) smoking in the corridor.. (Greene). When he came on deck next morning they were close to land. 17. 3. till London swallowed them up. were) numerous. are) packed up. and went to sleep. The number of books in my library (has. Two young men (was. (Galsworthy). 2. Model: Ben . He had no impulse to explore the countryside. 2. 22. He began to loiter on purpose to be noticed . ³The two Gentlemen of Verona´ (is. make) progress. a) The family (was. strengthen) one¶s health. In fancy he . 1.. 5.. (Maugham).. consist of) different shops. ³Hello. the adjective ³ill´. 12. The cattle (was.

Place the direct object before the indirect object to make the latter more prominent. 7. 19. define the kind of the object. you [the unemployed] weren¶t to have been paid. I¶ve seen them already. Can¶t you lend him a small sum of money? 6. 9. (Dickens). 9. Bring us your family photos. his sister has got one... Tell somebody else this funny story. 8. These poems are ascribed ____ the pen of a young and gifted poet.. Heng sent a polite verbal reply. The North East [Company] never pay their crowds. We sent ____ her a basket of beautiful flowers. ³The Mungo Clothing Company have taken the. it isn¶t mine. The fleet drops behind .. 8.. (Cronin). She¶s capable of deciding. 8. Has the doctor prescribed ____ you any new medicine? 12. 8. Mr. 6. But the one revelation that always hurt her was his conception of his father as someone . shop next door to your husband (Cronin). Oral exercise on the position of the indirect object. Insert the preposition to where necessary. Point out the object. who knew wonderful things but didn¶t like to talk.23. (Berkeley). 12. Show her the snapshots.. Sing a song! She sang some old Irish songs to the grateful listeners. Read it! Read it to everybody! She used to read to rue while I was working. Explain ____ me how to do it. are) good news. 14. 5. 8.. There stand three young men . Comment on the use of the predicate-verb in the singular or in the plural. Mr. Murdstone and I were soon off. 3. What would she think of him doing that. You needn¶t return him the book: it belongs to his sister. please? 11. 3. ²Give the book to me. Send her people a telegram. 4.. (Du Maurier). 10. the band were borne off to their quarters .. His people in Oughterard were written to.. (Joyce). 2. After all it was his own fifty pounds . 2.. You can leave your homework in the meantime. (Shaw). He did not suggest ____ them that they should do it. 7. 13. 4. She was leaning on the banisters.. 11. I.. Yes. He can prove this ____ everybody any moment. Comment on the kind of the object and say what it is expressed by. One must leave some goal for succeeding generations... Can you lend ____ me your raincoat. My sister related ____ me all that had happened. the newspapers were right: snow was general all over Ireland. 10: ³Oh. 5. The author dedicated ____ the memory of his parents all the poems collected in the book. 3.. He introduced ____ his aunt all his young friends. 1. 3. 2. We found that the band had arrived. No news (is. Don¶t give me back the money. (Joyce). 22. 7. Don¶t forget to buy your grandmother a new pair of spectacles in a leather case. Show the children this wonderful picture book. and after we had welcomed them . And I shall go on lighting for the trust reposed in me by the dead.. . Use the preposition to or for. send it ____ your grandmother. 1. Describe ____ us all the details of the accident. 5. Model: Give me the book. A. 4. 9. 4.. (Greene). when everything . (Joyce). Won¶t you sing to us? B. and were standing about in the hall rather pink in the face. listening to something. Buy him a bicycle. (Shaw).. 2. Give it ____ me. The band were to be our guests for the night. 1. (Berkeley). Write his patents a letter of congratulation. 3. 2. 5. depended on his not checking the foreman? (Galsworthy).. 1 often lend my dictionary ____ my friend.´ (Mansfield). Before Brodie could speak he added: How are all the family?´ (Cronin). 9. 1. . 7. (Wilson) 21. Don¶t send the money ____ me. Pass him the butter. THE SECONDARY PARTS OF THE SENTENCE THE OBJECT 20. 6. (Greene). he will be so glad to hear from you. Write this word! Write a few words to them! Write to him.

to. He struck his enemy . her. explain. success. this. show. Ask a question on the prepositional object and its attribute. to. boy. belong. Complete the following sentences (add a cognate object. buy. to excuse. little. Listening to the funny story he laughed . his. 5. thing? B. to strike. his. 24. 4. for.. give. The young man died . the. children. 1. post-cards. the. my. . 2. parents. to forgive.23. After the excursion we all slept . This collection of stamps belongs to my friend.. A symphony usually consists of four parts. as in the model. Everybody spoke of the talented pianist. sum. difficult. 25. to. The reporter referred to our professor¶s works. wonderful. secretary. hand in. to teach). about. he. to. a. The troops won . suggest. of. 12. (hearty). (glorious). whom. 3. (sound). (happy). (long and interesting). 11.. Find in an English text some sentences with a) a direct object. this.. 1. d) an indirect object (without a direct object). Model: I am greatly interested in this problem. the.. 5. your. (deep). to. owes. him. 2. the. 3. us. read. to. using it with the attribute given in brackets). introduce. b) two direct objects. your. people.. charming. to.. method. teddy bear. to. My parents objected to my buying a motorcycle. valuable. these. it. this. 10. tell. young. Make up sentences using the following words. does. dictionary. A. 4. application. to answer. B. 6. work. girl.. 3. them.. 7. right... (of a hero) The old man sighed . 5... Looking at the baby the mother smiled . 9. 4. (deadly). 8. 8. if any. girl. 2. write. to envy. 6. letter.. What are you interested in? What problem are you interested in? 1. you.. do not. 7. to. Make up sentences with the verbs which may have two direct objects (to ask.. He has lived . A. your. 6. this. c) a direct and an indirect object. My decision depends on the state of my health.

(Delmer). laughing (Joyce) 4.. (Berkeley).. I ________ him laughing loudly. I shan¶t even wait for it to be emptied. Point out the complex object. 1. She looked at me . ³I only say´. 2. 8. (Cronin). with the slightest possible content ² a ³fancy-not-recognising-that-at-the-first glance´ expression. 11. was the innocent occasion of Miss Murdstone¶s going into a passion.. (Mansfield). 14. And Bertha smiled with that little air of proprietorship that she always assumed while her women friends were new and mysterious. Nobody expected you . (Dickens). to expect. «You know that she took offence at the poor dear boy¶s ever being born.. (Mansfield). I suppose it . well-taken-care-of . The father ________ his son to be an educated man.be forgotten Johnny´ said Mary Jane.. (Cronin).. two of whom paid him the three and six penny fee. to make. I am not going _______ you go home alone so late at night. 9.. He had.7.. (Dickens). ³We used to have a very good horse and trap at home. to keep.. A. They agreed upon the terms of the contract. 2. 3. (Mansfield). . 4. They _______ on my writing another letter. 11. You can¶t rely on his « 6.. She had the look of a woman well-fed. 10.. She considered herself . 7.´ said Aunt Julia sadly ³The never. in his first day¶s practice. She watched the swallows . 9. 3. that it wasn¶t fear of being caught that worried Davy but fear of being left alone. Sun didn¶t mind people not noticing him ² much. 27. Translate the sentences.. 6 He did not want anybody to know. We¶ve dreamed of him succeeding old Palmerston as the Head of the Government²brought to the highest position in the country by us. I looked for my green bag everywhere. he resumed. Complete the sentences giving the second element of the complex object. 10. ³I will not sit here and hear such comparisons made. 3. That night in the surgery there were three patients.. 10. (Dickens)... On another occasion . to hear.to. to see. 8. to want.. I think I come across the same idea in a little French review quite unknown in England. ³And do you expect me to pay for this gimcrack excursion of yours?´ 5. We shall get your luggage. 3. We _______ them cross the bridge. Bennett was the first to . State what components the complex object consists of.... We were waiting for the 5. the first great English humorist tells tales out of an artist¶s sheer love of story telling... to let. 1. 15. (Mansfield). B. The newspapers commented upon the proceedings of the conference of physicists. 8. it almost made him faint. We ______ him to come soon. 26. ³Perhaps one day you will have a reason for writing about it´. find. he realised suddenly . (Cronin).. 5. 9. She was a well made woman of about fifty .. the same dear baby . the pigmy chest. (Dickens). to get). earned the sum of ten and six. and made the door bang after her. 7. Horn made him a sign to come on to the veranda. We were surprised at your« THE ATTRIBUTE 30. gave a short convulsive heave . 5.. You two girls had me buried´ She heard his stick thumping. 7. 4.. 2. 10. Geoffrey Chaucer. (Greene). 6. 8. as by a miracle.. which his hands enclosed. And then. ³that I disapprove of your preferring such company as Mistress Peggotty´.. ³Buried.... 4. I didn¶t intend to ______ you waiting. 7. to wait. (Mansfield). 6. they couldn¶t be expected to understand that father was the very last person for such a thing to happen to. 11. The public were ________ for the curtain to rise 9. 5. Insert a verb suitable to be followed by a complex object (to insist. He ________ them walking along a shady alley. He waited for us .´ With that she stalked out.. 1 must have my hair « 2. 1. Point out the attribute and say what it is expressed by.30 train. 1. . They were strangers. The dean sent for the monitor of our group. The students listened with great interest to the lecture on the international situation. I shall never be able to ______ my packing done by myself.. 12. Nothing will ________ me believe it was true. 8.. She heard him absolutely roaring. 9.

Place the attributes in the proper order in relation to the noun they modify. an infinitive phrase or an infinitive construction. music ² sweet. but quite unfamiliar to the listeners. 5. He drinks very much milk. 9. b) in the genitive case. 10) a quotation group. well. a lady²German. 4) a noun a) in the common case. 12. 4. 3. 2. A. 19. 6. dark and cold. a leaf ² faded. He is a conscientious student. They live in a new house of modern construction. charming. Find in an English text sentences including an attribute expressed by 1) an adjective. 16. Model: a hut. 4. known as the Potteries. 11. The meeting will take place in room 32. 11. There was nothing to say. 3. B.. He lives in that house at the corner of the street. We found ourselves in a dismal cave. 15. about 20 feet high. grey-haired. spectacles²old. Your brother is a most amusing companion. 16. Scotch. interesting. I like salt biscuits. this. woollen. She was the first to help me. They must have a roof to cover them. baby ² two-year. (The interrogative words for use: what. 12. my.aged. on modern English writers. thin. contained excellent ³copy´ for a series of novels. You mustn¶t lift heavy things. 3. Give me the book on the left. An old orchard of appletrees stretched down to a stream. the pianist ² talented. a house to shelter them . photo ² taken about 10 years ago. what kind of. a plaid ² checked. A man ² handsome. 1. 5. light and clean. 9. 9) an infinitive. dark and cold. admired by the public. My friend spent two years in the North. Make up sentences with detached attributes using the given words. 32. There are ten students in our group. 4. very graceful and elegantly dressed.realize that the grey-skied region. 5. a plant ² tropical. Model: ² dismal cave. broad-shouldered and heavy. To play tennis we must have four balls. old. 18. . long and narrow. 4. oak. This is a book on architecture. middle. a report ² made by our professor. 6) an adverb. 34. how many).old. stout. 8) a prepositional gerundial phrase or a prepositional construction. a story ² told by a friend of mine. This is my brother¶s tennis racket. Point out the attribute. 18. my schoolfellow¶s. 5) a prepositional phrase. I have no intention to follow them. 7) Participle I or II or a participial phrase. 31. A. 17. Ask questions on the attributes in bold type. 2. 1. fragrant. 17. 6. both. a cliff ² lonely. Translate the sentences. 14. an alley ² shady. 2. my. what sort of. nice room. ² ² ² ² ² big man. 16. cousins ² his. which. He delivered an interesting lecture. 6. 3. 2) a pronoun. 15. cap² favourite. I have a lot of things to see to. 7.known. interesting. old. Cold winds blow from the North. There is not a second to be lost. modern building. built of glass and concrete. 7. small ² a small wooden hut 1. I hope to attend all the lectures to be delivered on this subject. State what it is expressed by. a girl ² little. (Cronin). how much. broad. nice young girl. 8. 14. 7. 19. wooden. a woman ² sick. unknown lane. 8. exquisite.. whose. a building ² ancient. with big eyes. 10. 10. Scientists from different countries will be present at the conference shortly to open in our city. 3) a numeral (cardinal or ordinal). 13. 8.30 train. 13. 1. dilapidated. She had a tiny brown spaniel puppy in her arms. 20. 5. a doctor² very experienced. (Delmer). 2. in an old leather case. There is nothing more to be done. Bus number 2 will take you as far as the Opera House. 33. I¶ll go by the 3.

.. 8. morning. . 16. Point out the adverbial modifiers and state their kinds: 1.written story ³Three Men in a Boat´. 9. her eyes never leaving my face. Say what the adverbial modifier is expressed by.. Jerome K. 4. 6. 11. greatly surprised.. (Cronin). 35.... deeply felt the social evils he saw around him. terrified by the accident. rather high-flown. 3. notwithstanding her many eccentricities and odd humours. watching me (Du Maurier). The town of Windsor is a typically English town. Gabriel tried to cover his agitation by taking part in the dance with great energy. Sir Robert. 12. 1. Then in a moment she looked up. with head erect. 14. ³Your hands are like snowdrops. using the following words and phrases as detached attributes. That is his father. 4. 3. Ben was too busy to hear him now . fresh and jolly usually so considerate (of) . a kind of Cockney Sancho Panza. swinging her legs. with courage in your eyes. the humanitarian poet of the 14th century. 1.. (Huxley).. is on one of the River Thames. The well known personage Sam Weller was Mr. 5. (Berkeley). They went down the stairs side by side. 2.. (Maugham). Pickwick¶s witty. we shall begin the discussion at 3 o¶clock. (Bates). B. 5. one of the intellectual forces of the 14th century..the gardeners were busily potting out spring flowers.. shrewd and faithful servant... light-hearted. (Cronin). 6. 37. 13. Make up sentences. All at once the sheep-dog leapt to its feet. She paused. 17. She hung her head a little. Maidenhead. THE ADVERBIAL MODIEIER 36.. 15. 4. Side by side with Langland lived another great English reformer. 2.. with a smile upon your lips... Everybody coming in time. 7. as though seeing him for the first time. cosy and tidy. Go²go out of this house. The poet Pope was Shakespeare¶s second editor. 10. A long. Sophie pulled out the dress without saying anything. John Wycliff.. to be honoured and trusted in. Yesterday I passed by an elm avenue. (³Britain´) 2. The lines of the mountains were sharply defined against the profound blue. (Joyce). 5. noon and night. with a farcial but exceedingly well. engaged in his work. I believe that I began to know that there was something about my aunt. ³I heard him knocking.6. Winter set in early and unexpectedly with a heavy fall of snow. quite depressed. Here Nessie burst into the room like a young foal . William Langland. (Chesterton). sick and tired. a river resort. conscious of her own deficiencies and the oddity of her up-bringing .. State the kind of the adverbial modifier. They are cool like snow itself. . ² small kitchen. soft ripple of wind flowed over the corn. A. Lord Darlington: . 18.. so I ran upstairs to let him in. I¶m working.. There was a road to Cairo which went west across the desert.. ³She sat down on the edge of the table. (Cronin). 3. (Wilde). (Dickens). (Chesterton).´ (Greene). Sometimes it is a joy in the very heart of hell to tell the truth. Jerome set England laughing . a perfectly honest old cavalier. Mary . Point out the close and the loose apposition. I¶m here. 2. 3.

Pratt had driven to Winster to see her mother. (Give more than one variants if possible).. Notwithstanding the cold weather.. the primroses grew in great profusion. The rest of the conversation is not important enough to be here related.. 32. He moved down the stream a few steps. Ring me up (before leaving the town). but I didn¶t. 42. ³I think it¶s pretty easy. 4. playing on the grass.. She strained her ears to catch the words. 29.. 25.´ 27. 52. but because of the strong personal resemblance between them .. 38. 23... Mrs.´ 22.. Outside it was getting dark. The gale had freshened since noon.. Little bare-legged children ran about him. I did as requested. 49.. Before switching on the electric light he pulled down the blind and drew the heavy curtain across the window. in the alder clumps. 39.. 9. 47. I thought I should sleep well being tired. He therefore gave his horsemen orders to advance. It will be raining hard (soon). 11. She started the car. 18. It rains in autumn (usually). ³We shall be friends in spite of separation. Nick. 13. 7. and told me why . 30. The tourist put all the equipment which may be necessary during the tour (into his bag).. and now blew with the strength of a hurricane.. The climate has been damp (always. They were walking eastward. 10. When dressed. She told me we must part. 10. 51. 26. 48. He stood still a long while. drove at full speed. Henry Bosman¶s face glowed like the heater in his chambers. 33. I quite understand you. I was stiff with long sitting.. 15. 8. She walked briskly.. 24. I flushed simply from being spoken to . 16.. 19. I was completely happy... 45. The stars were very bright. 3. Even Miriam laughed in spite of herself. 8.. 1.... 21. 34.. It was very interesting to me to see them together not only on account of their mutual affection. In case of your absence I shall leave you a note... 44.. One strengthens one¶s health (by mountaineering).6. 14. 5. 41.. 36. 43. She could run like an Amazon. 6. One must have a good . 20. I entirely agree with you. Insert the adverbial modifier in the appropriate place. 2.. There is no deep river. 46. and bewildered with the noise and motion of the coach. The ascent of the mountain peak will begin (early in the morning). Ben was too busy to hear him now. 37.. 40. He is extremely well read though very young. Mauki no longer weighs one hundred and ten pounds.´ 17.. 50. ³You¶ve been working too hard lately. Being asked to sit down he laid his hat and stick on the table. He was now a hundred yards from the water.. Nobody spoke unless spoken to. 38.. The door was not fastened within. I shall come tomorrow. If necessary. Martin talked for fifteen minutes with him. but was very gloomy . 7. The unexpected offer of shelter was too unexpected to be resisted. except the Tamar (on the southern coast of England). Once more he passed my table without stopping. and. Around them. . I sat a long time by the window. Dessie stopped for a moment to ease her back... 28. The sky had partly cleared.. By this time it was getting dark and snowing pretty heavily. 9. in these parts). surveying the hillside. 12. 35. I shall sleep much and take long walks (instead of taking medicine). He stood on the porch sunning himself. 31.

He opened the door for me to pass. The sailor ran to the front of the boat. One must handle this apparatus with great care. the nasty weather. This he performed (easily) . Insert the adverbial modifiers in their proper place. in the distance. etc. not being able to. etc. 8) of concession: difficult as it was. The youth tried to keep him self intact (instinctively) . particularly.. 3) of manner or attending circumstances: on purpose. etc. He flung a heavy military glove into the young soldier¶s face (once).. We have been living here since 1930. advice. we left for the South. The Captain grew irritable (madly). there being no time left. 6) of condition: weather permitting. So he stared past his master (always). required. it was done. He jumped at the offer (being invited to spend his vacation in a mountain-camp). All the preparations happily completed. I flew into a rage with the young soldier (sometimes). kindness.).). The words pierced to his intelligence (never). 8. 39. etc. 12. etc. the change came (then. .). 5. at the bottom of. 3. 9) of purpose: for you to (have it.). see it. This irritated the officer (more and more). disappointed. it being late. on returning home. The tourists were tired having covered over 30 miles that day.. since then. full of indignation. never to come back. at the top of the page. We sat down to table and had a hearty meal (on returning home). on that unforgettable day. indifferent (at first). The youth was frightened (deeply). etc. very rarely). etc. at the corner of the street. Point out and define the detached parts of the sentence. obligatory). 14. 2. as if to stop him. DETACHED PARTS OF THE SENTENCE 42. from that day on.. and bullied him. but for (one¶s help. He had a scar on his left thumb. deeply. The orderly was afraid of really meeting his master (henceforward).).rest (after training). 7) of comparison: as if asleep (in doubt.)..). without a glance. He might have changed his man (easily). The officer had suffered from it (long). And an undiscovered feeling had held between the two men (from that time). 41. by chance. about the apartment). Make up sentences of your own using the following word combinations as adverbial modifiers. To his orderly he was cold and . Rumours of his doings reached his relations from time to time. (Lawrence) 40. not until. . like (all elderly people.. astonished. a child.). 13. etc. We returned to the camp (the sun setting behind the mountains). She opened the window to air the room.. and knew his duty (for more than a year). to perfection. 4) of degree or measure: rather (well.. Translate the sentences.). In the fable the ant spends the summer gathering its winter store. 1. fairly well. As the young soldier moved.). notwithstanding his success (promise.. etc. when questioned. in a day or two. side by side. lest he should forget it. gradually).. badly. in front of the house. He had served the Captain. because of one¶s carelessness. in spite of (the difficulties. with tears streaming down her cheeks.). from time to time. I see them twice a week. 4. with his fists clenched. etc. 5) of cause: quite worn out.. etc. if (unless) discovered (asked. 11. Ask questions on the adverbial modifiers in bold type. when a boy. 6. After a good rest I can go miles. We shall go on an excursion (weather permitting). 10. 1) of time or frequency: from time immemorial. with the flush of dawn. . 11. 9. across the street. if possible (necessary. all his relatives. greatly (surprised. downstairs. at a distance. in order to soothe the baby (to make it clear. the elder watched him (unthinking.. although quite tired (much weaker. in a whisper. He looked direct at his orderly (now. over head and ears. 7. 2) of place or direction: behind the house.

S. 2. Only relatives or creditors ever ring in that Wagnerian manner. Nobody ever saw Chirac or the old sail.. (Braine)... bought himself some necessaries. Sophia got the kettle and washed it up. but no moonlight. 6. 11.haired too. singular... 14. with his pale narrow face.. In spite of himself.. but avoided the shop of the dove-grey dress . tossing and turning. and his sloping shoulders. 12. 9. (Maugham). except incense.1. with sullen. 10. (Greene). flushed face. Then the orderly shut himself off . But I was more afraid of the pain than of the partisans . (Braine). (Lawrence). (Galsworthy). (Aldridge). She was wearing a black pleated skirt and a bright red blouse of very fine poplin... (Galsworthy). (Cronin). (Joyce). b) a detached attribute. 19.. 10.´ (Greene). 13. 7. 20... (Du Maurier). 8. (Galsworthy). Point out homogeneous parts. though not agreeably furnished. ³Clarice´ is the subject expressed by a proper noun ³was waiting´ is a simple predicate expressed by the verb ³to wait¶ in the Past continuous tense. Analyse the following sentences according to the form given. She was sitting in a chair idly. Mary found herself thanking him . (Joyce). however. Point out homogeneous parts and state how they are connected. Regret for the past and the future is the same. 2. fine hands and cultivated movements. Dandy and Winter showed.. neither reading nor sewing . In the silence Gabriel could hear the falling of the molten wax into the tray and the thumping of his own heart against his ribs. Digging went on through Tuesday and Wednesday. (Du Maurier). It is a simple extended sentence. in his shabby overcoat.. Once he was caught in a knot of children running away from some thing or somebody . (Wilde)... ² but he could catch no scent. and. But again Ashurst smiled and shook his head. She accused Robert of either taking the ornament or breaking it and concealing the breakage. He raised her to her feet and partly dragging her.. 2. ³however are we going to stop everything?´ (Mansfield). Then. It was a low. He was both curious and eager to have more precise information of his friends of the previous evening. comfortably. 43. I watched him read his letters. (Bennett). That night Ashurst hardly slept at all. 6. 18. 4. Find in an English text some sentences containing homogeneous parts. 5. 8. There was starlight.. with his hands deep plunged into his pockets and his shoulders hunched. horrified. despite her apathy. 3. so far. (Greene). 17. (Galsworthy). (Warner). for the end of the noise. They could not have moved or spoken since he went. got her downstairs. tall and fair. Between Michael and his senior partner a gulf was fixed. (Bennett) 3..? (Bennett). pleasant laugh.(Joyce). 7. not less deep than that between two epochs . ³Vaults closing!´ Samuel would say and yawn. 15. 4. c) a detached object. and waited. Model: Clarice was waiting for me in my bedroom. (Galsworthy).. 7. (Maugham). 9 He. Michael moved his nostrils . (Cronin). (Greene). The room was plainly visible as commodious. (Maugham). ANALYSIS OF THE SIMPLE SENTENCE 45. He has asked his questions querulously but sternly . (Galsworthy). A moment later she pulled back the bolt of the bedroom door and then turned the key and opened the door and stood on the landing outside (Bates).. smile at another . Next morning he got his cheque cashed.. ³Both he who chooses heads and he who chooses tails are equally at fault . and his disproportionately large eyes. There he was. She turns round and looks at her husband. (Cronin). (Bennett). 5. (Wilde). he watched him. 3. 4. 16. 21. Algernon: Ah! that must be Aunt Augusta. gave him sharp orders (Lawrence).. Presently he came to a standstill. (Galsworthy) Find in an English text sentences with the following detached members: a) a detached adverbial modifier. She was walking on before him so lightly and so erect .... she kissed him. no signs of the bankruptcy prophesied for them by Soames .. 1. 1. suddenly raising herself on tiptoe and resting her hands lightly on his shoulders. . (Galsworthy). was a gentleman. partly carrying her. He was thinking. define them and state what they are expressed by.. Was he unaware that his wife was the proudest and the most obstinate woman on earth . 5. 6. 44. instead. with long. The third [girl] was perhaps seventeen. He was so earnest in his manner that. ³Jose!´ she said. saw him frown at one.

father!´ cried Nella. The two women stood side by side looking at the slender. 8. at the old couple. 8. Point out the independent elements. I opened the knife. (Bennett). Nella departed with surprising docility. Mrs Bicket. The southern rivers also rise near the coast and have short and rapid courses. (Du Maurier). another gift from Warley. certainly. That was.. 3. I said. (Bennett). define them and say what they are expressed by. 16. 14. we¶re in a mighty soulful era. 7. (Bennett). (Dickens). (Bennett). 4. and cut a: length of twine. trying on hats. 21. but refused. and came back into the room again. This was a disagreeable way of putting the business. and lime are obtained in large quantities. 17. But there¶s no chance here. 1. (Bennett). (Mansfield). Needless to say. ³in my bedroom´ is an adverbial modifier of place expressed by a prepositional phrase. 22. first person. 5. To do that lady justice. ³. 1. But. ³Oh. According to your theory. She had to talk because of her desire to laugh.. 3. (Mansfield). Trasker had been watching her with an inexplicable flush on his face . (Wilson). The well known cyclone on the 28 of December in 1879 was a real storm.´ (Braine). (Cronin). Stratford is an irresistibly attractive country town. has the reputation of being able to make anything from an ancient relic to the automobile. 6. in the objective case. (Dickens). (Bennett). The contrast between the south-east and the north-west of Brit ain depends on a fundamental distinction in rock structure. . preceded by the pre position ³for´. marble. Besides. 5. sideways. He looked at her in sullen amazement. 20. 7.. ³Hello. so to speak. (Braine).³for me´ is a prepositional object expressed by a personal pronoun. (Galsworthy). At length the reply from Mr. (Bennett). Mary shook off her mantle with a shrug of her shoulders. Several shutters were put up in the windows of the shop to indicate a death. The customer sent up by Constance had occupied the surface of her life for ten minutes. As it was. I do what he tells me.. none the less.. 1. England has a gently sloping surface. Miss Spencer. 2. ³Hello. of course. THE INDEPENDENT ELEMENTS OP THE SENTENCE 46. 7.´ said cook in her comfortable voice. 6. flowering tree. he told me.. She glanced. in things we don¶t care much about. 3. Perhaps they would go soon. Passengers getting out of the open doors were bowled along the platform. to be diverted from the issue. 8. on the whole. (Wide World Reader). ³Well. Miss Spencer bore the surprising ordeal very well. He is my husband. (Bennett). ³what a lot of mustard you have taken!´ (Bennett). 12. (Wilson). ³Have one each. he couldn¶t make two ends meet on this job. Birmingham. 9. England¶s ³Second City´. Dinner at the Traskers had become by this time almost a family routine for the Gorins. 19. She saw him put a piece of folded white paper on the top edge of the screening box and flick it down to her.. 10. (Mansfield). Gerald: They [women] are awfully interested. (Mansfield). 2. (Wide World Reader). Point out the parenthesis and state what it is expressed by. singular. the total was more and not less than a thousand francs. 2. running with a speed of from six to ten knots an hour. and. Most of the western rivers flow down a steep slope near the sea and are short and rapid. The valley of the Tweed is remarkable for its magnificent trees. 5. One winter afternoon she had been buying something in a little antique shop in Curzon Street. 15. 13 This time he allowed me to touch him and pull hold of his collar. 18. The ebb flows to and from the great shallow of the North Sea produces an alternating tidal race. 47. (Galsworthy). the wind amounting in some places to a severe gale. 11. Murdstone came .´ she greeted the former Baroness Zerlinski. 6. From the Pennine Chain good building stone. my dears. (Mansfield). Alice:. Eva´. 4. 4.

d) infinitive and participial phrases (such as: to be frank. anyway.). the little streams were very bright. 51. He went up to his bedroom to get a book. 8. 5.. I would not listen to her. . (Thackeray). succession or simultaneity. Point out the coordinating conjunctions connecting a) the clauses of the compound sentences and b) those connecting the homogeneous members of the simple sentences. __________they got married. I thought her hard and cruel. Rebecca¶s mother had had some education somewhere. etc. judging by . He must go. (Dickens). (Galsworthy). 2. 8. Mrs. in fact. for she was in there making the bed. (Thackeray). is the best violinist I¶ve ever heard.____________ N.). 6. and she was brought to the Mall as to her home. but could not. __________my mother is unwell. 7. (Bennett). __________she will come soon. but her eyes seemed to look right into his. 1. to cut a long story short. and the so-called experts were all tremendously sure they were right. but she and Maxim have been so busy. Make up or find sentences using the following words and word combinations as a parenthesis: a) modal words (such as: perhaps. __________ I don¶t like it. yet the rain-shadows to eastward and north-eastward of the hills are distinctly indicated upon the map. maybe. You have ____________been working very hard. The cuckoos and a thousand birds were singing. Comment on the meaning of the coordinating conjunction and (addition. so I must leave at once. besides. dark shapes passed ² ponies on an evening march.´ (Du Maurier). 2. 3. luckily. (Mackinder). and her eyes filled with a great pain. 3. 6. 50. while for six hundred miles off the north western shores is the border of the ocean. you or your courier gave your card to Miss Spencer. ____________Henry. etc. She had already taken leave of him once . 4.. (Galsworthy). The catastrophe came. you look so tired. I don¶t like to get up early. Don¶t worry. causative-consecutive or adversative meaning). Neither she nor I could pick up any information on the subject. On the instant she straightened up. If you meant to be a guest. 5. 8. ____________ the driver managed to avoid knocking down the old man. or they would overtake him. certainly. and three dim. 3. c) prepositional phrases (such as: in truth. 48. to be quite plain. Miss Sharp only folded her own hands with a very frigid smile and bow. to tell the truth). A. 7. may be. (Galsworthy). generally speaking. (Bennett). 2. and quite declined to accept the proffered honour. 2.. nothing whatever. in my opinion. (Mackinder). THE COMPOUND SENTENCE 49. A padding of unshod hoofs came up the lane. (Lawrence). (Thackeray). at least. To tell you the truth. They were all tremendously great men. (Galsworthy). Miss Sedley was at liberty to depart.9. She put her hands up to her cheeks. neither did she question June about it. (Galsworthy). 4. and his heart began to beat violently. A seed-cake and a bottle of wine were produced in the drawing-room and these refreshments being partaken of. 1. firstly.. 6.. 5.. __________I found out much later that I had been wrong. 1. __________he is quite ill. Spreading four square in the midst of the British Kingdom is the inland Irish Sea. 9. (Dreiser). Racksole tried to catch the waiter¶s eye. 1. etc. 4. etc. Septimus Small let fall no word.. 6.). (Thackeray). Susan was a princess and I was the equivalent of a swine-herd. 3. 4. 5. moreover. (Berkeley). In Britain even the leeward slopes receive abundant moisture. 10. judging by your words. Insert an appropriate word (word combination) as a parenthesis evidently. b) adverbs (such as: besides. Comment on the types of coordination and on the conjunctions used in a). 7. still. how old is your sister? B. ³She wanted to come and see you before. and now she had nothing to say.). There was a pane missing in the kiosk and a cold wind blew in. I have much work to do for to-morrow. and her daughter spoke French with purity and a Parisian accent. etc. Point out sentences with a) syndetic and b) asyndetic coordination. by the way. (Du Manner).

. Thanks to the driver¶s skill. She does not take medicine. Using suitable coordinating conjunctions. Model: I am going to hear this concert. 10. You never make spelling mistakes. My sister does not go to the South in July. Our work being completed. I opened the window. and I don¶t like it either. My friend never makes spelling mistakes. 54. My aunt never goes to football matches. 1. My grandmother never goes to football matches. the geologists managed to carry out their work. Bananas don¶t grow in the North. My people do not like jazz-band. During the holidays I went to Moscow to see an old friend of mine. 5. For all his experience in this branch of science. had caught a sneezing cold. 11. Your husband is not responsible for it either. He would have liked to be present at that lecture. (Greene). 4. 12. It being a nice little place. That poor boy asked me to help him to get a chance to propose ² and I sent them out for a walk. Model: You don¶t like to have a tooth pulled out. 8. I don¶t like to have a tooth pulled out.² I am going to hear this concert. (Bennett). 2. Pine-apples don¶t grow in the North either. 10. ² Bananas don¶t grow in the North. She spoke to me in low voice to avoid disturbing the patient. and so did she. 13. I am greatly interested in this subject. the old man was not knocked down. My children have never been to Scandinavian countries either. in addition to the sciatica. 53. 5. I have not been there. It being stuffy in the room. She is not fond of such kind of poetry. Constance. My sister is going to hear it too. (Berkeley). I am not fond of it. He blamed nobody except his younger brother. My fellow-students would have been there too. But for the meeting I should have been at the concert yesterday. Make up one compound sentence by joining two simple ones with the help of the conjunction. 3. 4. 1. 2. 9. Except the pianist himself all the people found the concert to be a success. I never take medicine. You have not been to London. they¶ve been married nearly ten years and they haven¶t had any children. She does not like jazz-band. 3. I have never been to Scandinavian countries. In spite of the snowstorm in the mountains. (Mind the order of words in the second clause of the compound sentence). ³. 11.´ (Braine) 52. convert the following simple sentences into compound ones. neither do pine-apples.9. 1. the host and the hostess were rather proud of it. ²You don¶t like to have a tooth pulled out. I should have liked to be present at the lecture too. But for the umbrella he would have come home drenched and would have caught cold. You are not responsible for this accident.. . Join the following sentences into one using the conjunction so or neither. we may have a good rest. I do not go to-the South in July. 12. (Dreiser). he is sometimes compelled to consult the professor. 7. and the act of sneezing caused her the most acute pain. That day the sea was too stormy for people to bathe. so is my sister. 6. He laughed. 3. 5. My friend is also interested. 2. 7. 4. 6. Then the bazooka shell burst on the tower and I was on my face again.

. can¶t judge . Dr. 8. Dick . state by what connectives they are introduced. Whether I was her rival in sport or in studies seemed equally bad in her eyes. Take the lid off the pan. which. What awakened him was the engine coughing.. (Wilde). 4. The provoking thing was that . (Shaw). (Aldridge).. whether. but ( not to remember ... 2. (Jerome). 3.´ (Dickens).). and it was discovered that the culprits were goats.. 3.. nevertheless (everybody. What she simply couldn¶t make out ² what was miraculous was how she should have guessed Miss Fulton¶s mood so exactly and so instantly. 7. to be . 7. 1. And this is what he remembered. (Greene). Bertha couldn¶t make her out. 4. to talk. while (her children.´ said Harris. ³The trouble was . 8. (Dickens). Which side wins does not concern us here. (Hemingway). A..´ said Adrian. to boil over). He was not much afraid.. Either you will buy the tickets.. Point out predicative clauses. 58. 9.. 5. is unaccountable to me.. to ask ... What you ask is impossible.. to make up one¶s mind . This was not how the object itself would look: this was the image in a mirror.. He was quite a young boy. how... to ask . What has happened to me is exactly what I willed to happen. (Galsworthy). One night my father¶s big red land was trampled down by small sharp hooves. 4. Is it to be hinted to me that I want in affection for my precious treasure .). 8.. THE COMPLEX SENTENCE SUBJECT. 2. 6. 11. She is small and thin..). 1.). can¶t stand.). ³It¶s very strange. Macphail¶s first thought was that something had happened to Miss Thompson. (Du Maurier). Point out subject clauses and the connectives they are introduced by.´ (Greene).. ³How that woman ever got into it [the world] with that name. to be written).. Neither a telegram was sent. Whatever he thought of her would not go beyond him.).). therefore (we. The train started at 5 a. or (I. 57. 6.´ said Mr. 9.. OBJECT AND PREDICATIVE CLAUSES 56. 11. m. She is a delicate child. 14. 2. . hence (you.. What annoyed me the most about him was that he stood four inches above me and was broader across the shoulders.. Find in an English text some complex sentences containing a subject clause introduced by a) the conjunctions that.). Complete the following so that compound sentences should be formed. 7. while (her brother. 9. It¶s a good thing she went away with you. I met him somewhere.. 1. 3.. (Gals worthy). to respect . . Some people like hot weather. ³What we want is rest.. I had said the name . b) the conjunctive pronouns who. 2. (Maugham).. 10. he got mixed up. reversed.). ³friends... so (they. Define the kind of the subordinate clauses. to get up .). still (they. It was as though I had taken a purge and rid myself of an intolerable pain. 1... nor (a letter. Both the friends were fond of music. to be . ³that I never can get that quite right (Dickens). what and by the conjunctive adverbs where. ³We are just as we were.´ (Galsworthy). (Greene). isolate that which appears to be the principal clause. yet (he. I asked them to stay some days more. (Braine). 6.. why. 13.. when. or else (the soup. whereas (others. You are inexperienced. 3.. (Mansfield).). 5.55. To blow the bridge at a stated hour based on the time set for the attack is how it should be done. 10.

(Jerome). He dreams about it. (Greene). however. We were expected to work all the time. I couldn¶t tell who the speakers were..´ he said . 3. (Greene). I take it . (Du Maurier). 5.. He felt . in the latter case pick out the connectives. Andrew. 1. (Du Maurier). 60. What I mean is that you can¶t go cutting everybody. Find in an English text some complex sentences containing an object clause. I wondered if the bishop¶s wife saw the flush on my face . where the trees were weighted with snow. K. object. which she could easily do in the woods without attracting attention.(Mansfield). (Wilde). I think there must have been thunder in the air (Wilde). 1. The trainer explained to them . You must do whatever your conscience tells you to be right. Nella inquired where the Baroness meant to take lunch. 11. I do not blame the dog because I take it that it is his nature. Join the following simple sentences into one complex sentence containing a subject.. I don¶t see why a man should think he is pleasing a woman enormously when he says to her a whole heap of things that he doesn¶t mean. There is no doubt that my wife was bitterly jealous. Travelling by land is more interesting than travelling by sea. Gumming.. 9. Dr. It was the hour of rest in the immense courtyard which lay open to the sky. I hope I shall remember that. (Dickens). What I mean is people don¶t suddenly for no reason have violent headaches.. (Conan Doyle). 12. One can allways tell from a woman¶s bonnet whether she has got a memory or . which appears reasonable enough.. She found that I listened to what she said. or a predicative clause. 9. (Galsworthy). (Wilde). The procession of cars was well ahead of us by the time we started. We are greatly interested in it. who treated her with a harshness for which I frequently reproached him. 10. 13.? 12. 1. I had a strong impression that my company was not wanted. . (Bennett). 7. See to it« 14. (Joyce).´ (Galsworthy). 1 didn¶t hear . What is to guarantee that my orders are not changed? (Hemingway).. 2. (Greene). His children should be decent and educated people..member what you have seen.. 13. 3. I really cannot imagine. (Bennett). 4. He will keep his word. (Conan Doyle). 14. 7. drew aside the curtain and looked out upon the street. (J. or predicative clauses. 59. 11. Dinny felt suddenly that she was on very thin ice. b) syndetically define the connectives.. Pick out the attributive clauses. (Mansfield). His aim was . 6. 2. (Wilde). . 10. A. an object. What kind of books are you fond of? I should like to know it. I don¶t think so. 8. 5. It is a pity . (Shaw). I am exceedingly sorry I allowed you to call on us. Then Harris. (Greene). (Conan Doyle). What Miss Fulton did. ³I only want you to re . 3. who was sitting next the window. 10. 17. Jerome). ATTRIBUTIVE CLAUSES 61. 6 I have no distinct remembrance whether it pleased or frightened me. 11. He has made up his mind . Translate the sentences. (Shaw). State whether the object clauses are introduced asyndetically or syndetically. A little bit of pluck is« 4 The trainer¶s instructions to the sportsman were« 5. 62.´ (Mansfield).not. 2. Define the kinds of attributive clauses. (Berkeley).. She was very much afraid of her husband. 18.. translate the sentences. A similar revolver she concealed« in Miss Dunbar¶s wardrobe after discharging one barrel. I see how it is. 1. I¶ll do just« 8.. There are times when all of us are afraid of him.. say whether the clauses are introduced a) asyndetically. 9. 3. 2. 5.. 4. point out the words the clauses refer to. In the distance lay the park.. 6. is whether we really do trust Kate or not.. I was horribly afraid lest some one might walk up Salisbury Lane . B. Complete the following sentences supplying subject. 4. What was going on in the street? I wondered at it.. 8. He told us many things about his journey. Do you understand. 16. 15.. (Greene).. Bertha didn¶t know. 7. 6. I¶m terribly glad I¶ve met you at last..... (Conan Doyle). 4. You may rely on it. ³What we¶ve got to decide now. 5. It was of vital importance« 6.

some sentences containing attributive non-restrictive continuative clauses which refer to the whole of the principal clause. I did not notice the person who has left the purse here. 66. Ben . was having trouble with the valve that supplied the right amount of air. (Joyce).Cam bridge is one of the great architectural glories of England. 2.. (Cronin) 2. will not give me a name ___________ will be really. 3. (Aldridge). Omit the relative pronouns or adverbs where possible. (Mackinder). They formed a governing body... 5. (Warner). has been sent to me by a friend of mine. must know geography well. 2. 5. Tell me the title of the book that you have just mentioned.. which. using suitable connectives or asyndetically. King Harold was killed in the battle. 3. Along the top of the City Walls there runs a footpath.1. 3. 65. some sentences containing attributive relative non-restrictive clauses. 4.This marriage __________ for obvious reasons must inevitably take place . (³Britain´). 1.. 4. When he reached Andrew. I do not know the stamp . The most. 4. In the picture gallery there -were such pictures as we had never seen before. 2 Gabriel went away to a remote corner of the room where Freddy¶s mother was sitting. He is not such a timid person as you think him to be. 2. You will like the place where we are going to. The Norman kings ruled with the help of Norman nobles. 6. His Anglo-Saxon troops were defeated by the Normans in the battle at Hastings in 1066. A dog that barks never bites. he gave a theatrical start of recognition. whose. 5. . __________ general direction is south ± eastward. Those ____________ claim that it is more beautiful than Oxford were educated locally. Insert: who. 4. (Joyce). A person . Your son is fond of such books as I liked in my childhood. 11. That was the knife he had had no time to use. They had agreed that during the first evening they would avoid asking questions about how and why Emil had left Vienna. The only person in the household with whom he seemed to feel at ease was Hannah. 9. Complete the following sentences supplying attributive clauses. 10. 1. 4. The stamp . The boy .. 2. A.markedly transverse river in Wales is the Wye. 1. (Greene). The person whose purse we have found will be informed about it. Albans. Translate: 1. 64. rightly mine to bear. The long struggle in England between the dynasties of Lancaster and York lasted for 30 years.. B. I felt the same walking down Piccadilly after the war as I did as a youngster back from India. He wanted to explain all he had felt and thought. 5. 63. 6. 2. He bought a collection of stamps in the shop . 6. Join the following simple sentences into a complex one. A. (Maugham). 4.... She has an opportunity which is offered to very few of us. This struggle is known as the Wars of the Roses. The only Roman theatre in Britain is on the outskirts of the town of St. (Greene). 1. _________ he had seen from halfway down the street.. 7. Find in an English text: 1.. I am still under the impression of the concert which took place yesterday. Perhaps he was just killed by someone who wanted his money. 3. Those were the days when there was something like singing to be heard in Dublin.. some sentences containing appositive clauses. A. She belonged to a world about which he knew nothing at all. (Galsworthy). (Wilde). B. 8. 3.. some sentences containing attributive relative restrictive clauses. (Warner). will gladly show his collection to you. The City Walls have encircled the city of York since the 14th century. There in the 1st century of our era stood the Roman town of Verulamium. that. 1 shall never forget the day« 3. 3. whom.

5.. far more. 8. cannot be realized. (Galsworthy).. seemed very important... They liked to criticise my looks . (Du Maurier). Davidson and his wife because they made no effort to help. (Moore). 11.. isolate the conjunctions by which they are introduced. I. 4. 7. I don¶t like the idea..´ said Ann. (Du Manner). 68. 2. She turned to where a few yards along the pavement a long bald man impatiently awaited her. The question .. Define the kinds of adverbial clauses. so that she got on well with her three mistresses.. I cannot be at ease . (Joyce).. they liked to watch how Maxim and I behaved to each other . It was raining when we left London. 7. 8. so that they could go back afterwards and discuss us . (Maugham). why. (Cronin). 9.. 12. Point out the adverbial clauses of condition and concession.. (Du Maurier).. Point out the adverbial clauses of manner.. He went into the house by the back door . (Lawrence). Now that Brodie had commenced to eat it was permissible for the others to begin . 4. so that Frith should not see my face. 9. (Du Maurier). 1. (Greene). she recognised him at once.. (Greene). 6... 1 shall always think so.. (Cronin). (Galsworthy). (Conan Doyle). (Maugham). His illness was the reason .. (Dickens). Eulalia was so moved that she could only weep again. 8. (Coppard). (Aldington).. 70. The moment he entered it he felt that his premonition was correct. (Galsworthy).. 6. (Cronin). 69. comparison. 1. 2... as it often can be in the vest country in early summer . I love her more than I have ever told you. 7.. ³But why shouldn¶t they live here until things are settled?´ said Lady Cherrell. Come and put up with me till we get things straightened out. B. Lily seldom made a mistake in the orders. I turned away. I can cut his hair while I¶m talking to him. He always treated boys as if they were his equals. Their proposal .. 10. They stood waiting where they were. Insert appositive clauses using the conjunctions that. 2. (Maugham). Hardly had she brought one gentleman into the little pantry behind the office . . 1. gave such a lusty shout. He expressed his doubt« ADVERBIAL CLAUSES 67.³. as though he had something to hide.... The little fellow . as long as I live. I¶ve got rid of the horrible fear« 4. Once I shivered as Pyle had done. I was now free to live and work wherever I liked. (Dickens).. 6. When they knocked at her door Mrs. The doctor put the case as reasonably as he could . 16. that the sound of it made him bashful. 9. 5...´ (Wilde). Find in an English text some complex sentences containing all kinds of adverbial clauses. 14. Point out the adverbial clauses of time and place. He woke even before the bugle sounded. Adrian left as soon as he had drunk his coffee. 13. 7. 5.. 10. degree and result. Davidson came out.. It has not occurred to me to mention Peggotty since I ran away. ³I¶ll come anywhere you like. cheered us greatly. The news . 15. if someone else is in pain . A sergeant was changing the sentries he came down the trench.. 3.B. Though she had only twice seen Ferse. 3.. (Du Maurier). 4. 3 I did as she asked . then the wheezy hall-door bell clanged again. He was furious with Mrs. 3... I was back where I had been before.. 6. isolate the connectives by which they are introduced. (Du Manner).. (Galsworthy). The room was spacious . A. and he buried his face in her skirts. The change was so sudden that I was shocked and a little scared. (Joyce). isolate the connectives by which they are introduced. Lunch passed off better than I had dared to hope.. whether or the adverbs how. (Moore). 5.. 2 The weather was wet and cold for quite a week.

72. Isabel agreed not to go. I¶ll change the ticket so that you may be able to go with the evening train. and not stir. d) comparison. 3. 3.. State what kind of clauses are introduced by as.. I have no idea when he will come. was one of the happiest in my life. 22.. We have never seen him . 4.. Let us meet where we used to walk in summer. e) degree. it is as simple to buy a hotel or a railroad as it is to buy a watch. 17. 8.. You gave her the wounds she died of. Then I told her to hush.. 10.. 9.. the ship was lost sight of. is of no importance... is not settled yet.. isn¶t known to a single person. isolate the connectives by which they are introduced. I shall never forget the moment when« 75.. 8. 2. you come. Complete the following sentences. 10. 11. They are quite happy where . i) cause..... 74.. Don¶t you remember when . Nobody knows when ... No plant can grow where .. (Du Maurier). I am devoted to Maxim . I made his acquaintance «««««. Define the kinds of clauses introduced by where and when. I informed myself of the hour at which she left of an evening.. 71.. «««« had I knocked at the door . had I opened the gate ««««. I wondered where they intended to go. 16..whoever Harding was.1.. 14. Unless I receive this requisition in full within an hour.. «««. the sky began to clear up... interests me greatly. Where . 11. That is where ... Send me a telegram «««. The problem to settle is where .. I. 4. he said it he felt it was wrong.. g) condition. f) result. the sun is shining.. 8.. Old as they were. There is the truth for your comfort. 5. I am interested to know when « 20. c) manner. for fear she should make him angry. I called him Frank because Maxim did. 6... Really. 23. When .. (Dickens). 2. We are very fond of the little cottage where .. The thing to decide is when . Instinctively he turned his back more to the light lest she might see the shame that burned upon his forehead. The difficulty is when we shall be able to do it. 21.. 13. (F.. 7. provided one is equal to the transaction. ... I should like to find such a place where « 12. I like the country place where we lived last year. you come. 4. (Joyce). Do you know the time when he will come? 7. The day when ..... For the last time she had a look at the house where . Make a list of the connectives used to introduce subordinate clauses of a) time. 6.. 4. Since he seemed nervous even at the dress rehearsal. I shall inform the Government that I cannot continue to hold my post if you remain in yours.. 5. «««.. It¶s very important when we must start.... I felt tired when . She asked me to leave the answer on the sundial in the garden as she desired no one to be in our confidence. It happened where« 5. d) an attributive relative clause. Where .. 6.... in order that our visit might be timed accordingly. j) purpose in the sentences given above. B..... ««««. 3. 12... the air grew cooler. 10. you can. I liked his loyalty to Harding . Whatever we do we must think of him as well as of ourselves´... (Bates). 3. b) a predicative clause.. 24.. though we always bicker like cat and dog when we meet. 73.. (Conan Doyle)... 2. the dogs began to bark... It is of importance where they will spend their vacation. The hour when« has not been changed.. 3.it swung open. he left for the Crimea. 8.. A. Point out the adverbial clauses of cause and purpose... 1. It had happened «««««. 2....... 5. When . 15. 6. c) an object clause.. She was standing on the shore . 1.. Don¶t you know where .. the experiment was completed. Stay here ««««.. 9. . Make hay «««««. Everybody was glad when he came at last. «««««. her aunts also did their share. (Galsworthy).. Bronte). Although she said nothing I felt guilty. 4. however you like it.. 5. Find in an English text some sentences with where and when introducing: a) a subject clause.. The most important thing for us is when . Insert the appropriate conjunctions introducing adverbial clauses of time.. 2. b) place. I can¶t work when . She doesn¶t tell me where « 7.. 7. 7.... he had graduated from the University.. 1. 9. The question is where they will spend their summer vacation. 18.. e) an adverbial clause of place. h) concession.. 19... 6. I¶ll be glad to see you ««««««...

Young as she is . It is of great importance that«: b) Object clause I¶ve read that ... (Wilde).. (Cronin). . as they should do all things in moderation.. 4. Early as it was « B.1. Complete the sentences supplying the principal clause in each of them. standing just as he had imagined. cause.. I went through the long drawing. But this writing. 6.. As a lot of people have a liking for this health resort « 4. (Wilde).table.. 8. 2. Gerald. As they were going along the road « 3. He held the oars « 3. 1. 7.. 10. Try as he might to reconstruct his changing ideas. .. It is not so hot today as it was yesterday. beautiful as it was. Everybody knows that« c) Attributive relative clause: Where is the puppy that . Denny seemed fated to demolish them.. the celery had been left for him. As you usually do« 6. 2. . was no pretty toy ..room.. apart from the others . the passengers began to wave their hands greeting their friends. As she was descending the dark kitchen steps she heard Amy¶ voice . 3. .. As the wind was wrong and the waves were rather high « 5. manner. Supply adverbial clauses of time. Complete the following sentences so that they should contain a subordinate clause introduced by that (so that) a) Subject clause It is necessary that . or an attributive clause introduced by as. .. (Du Maurier). come near to me. 9. She was at the station after all. 11. He likes swimming almost as much « 5. he could not move the boat against the current. 6. (Mansfield). as he had directed . (Mansfield).. . Quite close to me. the sailing-boat was moving rather slowly. 76. . 2. To steer a canoe you must-have such an oar « 77. 5. A. (Joyce). 1.. As she said those words she suddenly let fall her brush.. I¶ll do as I like. as you used to do when you were a little boy . 4.. concession.. . comparison... Of all the pictures I like the one that d) Appositive attributive clause: He expressed his hope that« I don¶t quite like the idea that « e) Adverbial clause of purpose: . . (Bennett). Women should think in moderation. As Gabriel never ate sweets. (Du Maurier).

2. I can¶t give my consent because .. Seeing that .. I wondered if it would be possible to hide . the better « 7. As .... He is very suspicious for fear that « 5. 3. A long inscription in bad Latin . 6... Their cottage stands where . he left their house. 2. and orange .. Don¶t linger after .. so that the climber read it word by word as he mounted step by step .. 7. Let them know about it that f) Adverbial clause of degree It was oppressively hot that « 78.. I promise you to do it on condition « . 2. They went on talking until .. 6... The talk will be the more unpleasant.. 3. The nearer you come to the sea. 2. 2. The harder one works. 1.. 5. That bloody concrete barrack I live in now ² it¶s so clean and streamlined that I wouldn¶t be at all surprised if it took to flight. 4. is dotted and decked with yellow. c) cause 1..... 4.. If . 1. . You can have a rest as long as . 4.. the longer « 80. It may be that I am too bound to him already who. yet left me richer. . The tougher the meat is. so that in the mire of my life I found the pearl of price. they rushed downstairs... Since . The more he thought. was called from the kitchen to be interpreter. the more « 5.. Comment on the use of so that and so.. (Moore). 4. The longer one lives. tell him about his sister¶s illness. Should you . They will certainly be there in time provided . followed the course of this staircase. it is difficult to find him at home.. Complete the following sentences.. At last it [the argument] grew so heated that the cook . .. The taller the basket-ball player is. We occupied the seat in the first row in order that ... the longer « 10. Write to me as soon as .... The longer you wait.. 5......... Translate. the fresher « 12. the better « 11. (Jerome). 7. 3. that. 3. (Du Maurier) 8.. He will let you know when « 6... robbing me.. I¶ll do it while .. We climbed up the hill so that e) condition 1. d) purpose 1. The brighter the sun shines... I¶ll not speak about it.. and boats are drawing near and passing away... We have not met since . the better « 6.. Put on your warm coat lest . so that Frith .. The moment . 5. and blue. the less « 2. the more « 8.. the easier « 9. At first I was so rattled and taken aback that I was ready to think she has been led away in some extraordinary fashion. the better « 4. The fewer questions you ask. so that the sunny river . we shall see him to-morrow.. 8. 79. I¶d like to speak with you wherever « b) time 1. You won¶t have the book unless . Fetch it from where . Define the kind of clauses. 3. would say ³Madam must have gone out´.. the slower « 3..She did it that . (Lessing). The more you ask him about it. What will you write to him supposing . Complete the following sentences supplying adverbial clauses of: a) place 1. ³Was I breathing so loudly that you could hear me?´ (Bennett). 2. 3.. The more rain falls.

and there are innumerable excavations around the courtyard which undoubtedly served as out-houses in days gone by. The weirs were built so that they should produce a head of water to operate the many mills. The place where the Roman wall ended. cause.. Analyse the following sentences. its foundations being hewn out of the solid rock. He felt better than . manner. ANALYSIS OF THE COMPLEX SENTENCE 82. The young girl looked as beautiful as . condition. Analyse the following sentences.. 1. and secondly.. 4. During the reign of the Wessex king Alfred the fight of the Anglo-Saxons against the Danes was the hardest.. 5.. The Avon at Warwick is a broad and placid stream. Convert the following simple sentences in complex ones by introducing adverbial clauses (of time. Alfred stopped the advance of the Danes by paying them tribute. 5. THE COMPOUND . 3. 2.. . until the building of the Great Western Railway put it out of business as a means of communication. then. Alfred gathered his troops of free yeomen and knights to fight with the Danes. Whoever . In the 8th century the Anglo-Saxons suffered much because of the frequent raids of the Danish tribes. 4. as they believed. which is the true.. He also built a fleet of 100 ships in order to be able to fight with the enemy on the sea. 3.. whose north-western margin has the appearance of a submerged escarpment sinking to deeper waters than those which lie south of the bank. At Stoneleigh the Avon enters a wide and beautiful park and is joined by the River Sowe coming past Coventry only three miles to the north. but the Avon was also navigable to points above Stratford. crossing the mouth of the North Sea. In spite of the strong resistance. purpose. and by some sage women in the neighbourhood who had taken a lively interest in me several months before there was any possibility of our becoming personally acquainted. It was not so hot as . both these gifts inevitably attaching. 4 I have come to the conclusion that the real reason for the author who exceeds the common span of man is that intelligent people after the age of thirty read nothing at all. that I was destined to be unlucky in life. He looked tired as if . She remembered every corner in the garden as though 81. 2. 2. The southern end of the range in Derbyshire consists of a number of hills and dales so thinly covered with grass and small wild plants. to all unlucky infants of either gender. but it would not be so if it were not for weirs which at regular intervals frequently broaden the stream out into a much wider river than it would otherwise be. Rather more than hall-way across from Denmark to England is a broad shoal known as the Dogger Bank. (Wide World Reader). you must see him again. h) comparison 1.. follows the coast of Norway seaward from the North Cape. is called Walls-end. A few miles farther downstream one can see Guy¶s Cliff on which a house stands high above the gently flowing Avon.. the Danes seized the North Western part of the country. edge of the Continent. (Maugham). 3. 1. 1. it was declared by the nurse. Tired as . 2. that I was privileged to see ghosts and spirits.. 4.. that the bare limestone rock may often be seen. but there is not a sign in this lovely wooded estate that a great industrial city lies so close.. 5. it passes outside the Shetland Islands and the Hebrides to a point some distance westward of Ireland. near the north bank of the Tyne. Though . 2. and from that spot much of the best coal which is sold in London takes its name. where it makes an inward bend. first. (Dickens). born towards the small hours on a Friday night.COMPLEX SENTENCE 83... he went on working. (Wide World Read ). though submerged. the patient felt better. 3 In consideration of the day and hour of my birth. concession). 6.f) concession 1. The slope of the sea-bed. (Mackinder). 6. 3.

Maxim rang up the next morning to say he would be back about seven. (Du Maurier). We guess father (hasn¶t heard. The engineer claimed that he (agrees. he wondered what would happen if his father didn¶t come up again. come. (Geographical Magazine). 2. He could see nothing below surface at all. 2. was). Did Jane tell you that she (is going. will buy) a new house soon. had not arrived) yet. Our friends¶ asked us why the train (has not arrived. I answered that I ² he ² never again (think. Miss Murdstone was good enough to say on the way that she ² I ². 11. will smile.´ said Beatrice. came). We were sure that they (will come . And I added that I hoped she understood that it had nothing to do with me. 6. had) little experience in this field now. 5.. is. ³. 10. I (will learn. 7.´ (Huxley). All that day she did as she had told Parker she would. would lend) her the book after I (finished. In the morning Miss Murdstone .³ replied Mary (am coming. were doing) there at the moment. 1. I didn¶t know that she (must. ³I knew it would happen one day. will leave) school next year. would come) here when he (feels. will repent. 3. John didn¶t remember what he (told. She can¶t remember what I told her. The pupils already knew that the teacher (has corrected. 7. told me I ² going to school (am. 87. (Dickens).´ (Dickens). hadn¶t heard) this news yet. ³I wrote and said I ². had to) leave at 5 o¶clock. 13. 7. Use the appropriate form of the verb. 5. 12. have you seen) him last? 17. hoped. I replied that I ² very well. The children hope that Santa Claus will bring them many toys. Tom believes that you are right. I thought you were never coming. 3. He did not know what he was talking about. 9. 2. would repent. was). Turn the verbs in italics into the Past making all the other necessary changes. 18. (Cronin). but always in exactly the right style. SEQUENCE OF TENSES 84. This time yesterday you (told were telling) me how busy you (are. 4. (Bates). 6. (Braine). (Du Maurier). I remember that I saw him somewhere. When I (leave. 8. 10. while other parts have been added at various times. would be playing) the piano at that time.´ said Maxim. 8.´ I said. Select the correct form of the verbs given in brackets: 1. (Cronin). 9. were).. He told me that in all his years he never ___ so much blossom (saw. 3. I don¶t recall what they have said. (Dickens). We can¶t anticipate what he will do now. ³if you would buy a jacket. I explained that she (will be playing. were) and what your plans for the future (are. I rose and said to Alice that I was going. so that the castle has always retained its original character. will have learnt) here for seven years. hope. The oldest part of the castle is Caesar¶s Tower. had been. had finished) it. before I ² to a bad end (hopes. was going) to move to a new house? l0. 6. 5. You have said that she knows you. Jane regrets that she can¶t give us more details about this accident. 8. would . 1. Fred admits that he still (has. 86. 5. ³I wanted to know. (Moore). 16.´ (Du Maurier). but has continually been a place of residence. but that she would speak to Tom about it when he came back (Jerome). 6. (Du Maurier). which was built a few years after the Norman Conquest. 7.. Sophie.I telephoned to the nurse that we were coming so everything will be right. I wonder what she is going to tell us this time. and that I ² she ² the same (am. 3. and . like so many of old castles. will be. Fred thinks that all his friends µviii come to his birthday party. would help) them. Harris thought he (would buy. (Du Maurier) 85.. was. therefore it is just here that one can visualize something of what England in the Middle Ages must have been like. 15. ³Joe told me you ² to the Legation. Comment on the use of tenses in the subordinate clauses. ³At last. 4. had seen). agreed) with the others. When (did you see. (Greene). 4. had corrected) their papers. would come) by the evening train. will feel) better. 1. I thought it ____easier to talk here´ (have been.She had to promise him that she (will help. 8. should do). would be). I am sure that Thomas (will come. 4.. hoped. thought. trembling. she said that she was sure of that. (Dickens). 11. 14. Mary wired back that she would arrive on the following day. 8. was coming).7. 9. I promised her that I (will lend. I wondered what I ² with my day (shall do. 2. ³Don¶t forget the old lady is nearly blind. It is a fact that Warwick Castle has never been a ruin.. knew) what the boys (are doing. I wish I (know. had told) me the day before.

20.. 27. America.. last week and which she . the will read it to us.. he thought that the country which . INDIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT STATEMENTS 91. 21.´ I confessed. the new words.. Only then she . a book which my sister .. 17. I wish my brother . 23. I don¶t know precisely whether I .. He (to move) ______________ to Leeds when he (to be)____________ fifteen years old and he (to live) ___________there since his sister (to get) ___________ married. You already . looking up at him while he ² with her critical eyes (will be. I (to see) ____________her yesterday while she (to cross) _____________ the street. I asked the old man who .. discovered India. I promised the little child that I « a new toy the next day. 88. The tailor (to promise) ____________ me then that my suit (to be) _____________ ready in a week¶s time. 4.. 29. 4.. 3. around the sun.. on this line.. to the bookshop two days ago. 1 no sooner . (Galsworthy)... the window.. but only after he (to finish) ______________ writing the novel he (to work) _________________ at now.... ³The map may be all right enough. it the name of the West Indies. spoke). speaks.. with the doll. 5. That morning Jane ... young.. a big glass of milk. on this trip next week... I don¶t hunt. I wondered where he (to study) _______________ and how many years before he (to take) ______________ his degree.´ we said.. 3.. now.. only one. 28.smile). he .. ³We met your niece on the road. hungry. (Joyce). When I . ³but I suppose some train¶s got to go to Kingston... (Jerome). three ice creams. fishing every Sunday.. 5. while my son .´ said one of the party.table.. 10. this text after she . I¶ll let them know that we .. Why didn¶t you explain to them when you (to be) ______________ able to give them the money back? 4. At present.. It unnerved him to think that she ² at the supper. in England for several years. This is the dress which Mary .´ (Jerome). or where you¶re going .. but this week I . It¶s high time you « these questions.. Arnold¶s daughter hopes that her father (to finish) _______________ his book by the end of August. Present Perfect... When Bob . 1..... known in Europe. Past Perfect. to London... anything about her since she . Before paper (to be) _______________ invented.. Next year he (to go) ____________ to London to study at the University.. Your sister spoke English as if she . Arnold (to be) _________________ born in a village and he (to spend) ______________ his childhood there. ready in due time. Last year you played tennis much better than your brother . This time tomorrow. 19... 25. gents. 18. Past Tense. B. 13. 1 will not go to bed until father . 9. When I (to talk) __________ to her. Convert into indirect speech. but I don¶t . 2.. them my secret.´ said Ashurst. 22.. ³if you know whereabouts in it we are now. History (to be) ____________ engraved on stone monuments and our knowledge of what ancient people (to do) ______________. The Chinese are said to be so clever that they ... As soon as she (to see) ______________us..´ replied the noble fellow. (Jerome). little. 6. he (to work) ___________in an office but he (to use) _____________ to work at a bank before. (to be) ________________ chiefly taken from the stone tables and buildings which they (to erect) _______________. home from the factory.. ³I learned to ride. the letter.. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate verb in the correct tease: 1. Future) A.. a new car soon. ³Nobody will ever know. after a cat. 6.... (Jerome).. 4. 5.. 3. to me.. now. I would rather you . I saw that my daughter ... 15. that I « right! 26. too. Galileo Galilei was persecuted because he . knew). I don¶t know. too. I thought I ² you (know. 16.. I am sure our friend . 7... she (to tell) ________________ me that she (to be) ______________ very tired because she (to type) _____________ all the morning. I (to write) _____________ to him a long letter several days ago and (to ask) ________________ him how many chapters he already (to write)____________. ³Well. as a child. 10.. still now. here now to help me. 1... As soon as she . 3. 1.... 7. 2. for your exam. and he accordingly ... 6. to school only after she .. Did you know that Mary . his face than I . all the exercises? 30.. When I . Last week I .. his name. Supply the correct tense (Present. 2. 90.. I .. 11. gunpowder long before it ... 8. We . would be. 12. people (to write) ______________ their thoughts upon various other materials. two sons? 14... 24..... When I . 9... Tom was promised that everything . 2. with his toys for hours. ³what you are.... When Christopher Columbus . that the earth .... I . Nothing annoyed me so much as the discovery that my best friend . we « TV while you . he (to stop) ____________singing. ³.. on the bench if he .

6.. They supposed (that) « 7. Insert the verbs to say or to tell in the appropriate form. ³Good morning." Claire said that. 4. 12. And while he was also ² her about the quarrel Mr. that his father is still very fond of meringues. ³When I met you first you had a certain expression on your face. Ashurst said idly: ³Where were you standing when you saw the gipsy bogle. but he always pretends not to understand French.." A sports expert said that. 3. 8. ³Is Mr.´ (Galsworthy).. (Coppard)... Gretta thinks it very funny because she ² the word reminds her of Christy Minstrels. 1. Convert into indirect speech.. he might have been detained for some reason at the American Legation . 5. 93. Report the following statements that you heard at 7 a. She replied (that) « 6. de Winter says we shan¶t know her. 1. 8. 9.. 11.´ (Bates).´ (Du Maurier). 2. ³Mrs. ³Does anybody ever come here?´ .remember much about it. ³As a friend. said: ³Can you tell us if there¶s a farm near here where we could stay the night? I¶ve got lame.´ he said slowly. ³He¶ll have a terrible lot ² to me. I ² myself. this morning. ³I . "I'm hungry..´ he ² .. father dear. ³You know Mr. 7. Women live longer than men. 5..´ said his wife. (Greene).." An astronomer announced that. (Du Maurier). 7. He reminded me (that) the programme « 3. 4. (Mansfield).´ she called. 4. He ." Jonathan complained that . Megan?´ (Galsworthy). 10..´ (Greene). "The 2012 Olympics will be organised in Africa. ³Go and ² him. When Megan brought his tea he ² ³What¶s the gipsy bogle. Horn turn her out of here?´ asked Mrs... I¶d rather hear what you were going² first. "This coffee is too hot.. Everybody thought (that) « INDIRECT QUESTIONS 95. (Jerome).´ said Frank.. They declared (that) she « 4. ³Cyril only wanted to ² you." I heard that. Jim?´ (Galsworthy). Johnny ² her of the grand tea they had had. 1. 2. ³You know all I can ² you about Pyle (Greene). Of course. They ² it was very kind of him . ³and you have it still (Du Maurier). Sulky came tripping down the stairs. Davidson. I hoped (that) « 2.. He imagined (that) « 8..´ (Joyce).. I said..´ said Constantia.´ (Greene). 5. 94.´ (Greene). ³I¶ve ordered dinner for all of you.. He². ³² me what she¶s trying to². . Davidson very little if you think the fear of personal danger can stop him in the performance of his duty. Do you need to change the tense? 1. ³But that¶s just what I² him. Vigot²wearily. (Maugham). ³Don¶t you think we ought to make Mr. 6. 3.. you go and ² him. 3. 5. Complete the following sentences. 92.. David son better this morning?´ (Maugham).m. They informed us (that) the time-table « 5.´ Vigot ²µ ³is there nothing you could ² me in confidence?´ (Greene). 2.. Harris ² them they could follow him if they liked . "Our galaxy contains several thousand million stars. (Maugham).´ (Mansfield).

Must these black currant bushes be transplanted this year? 98. When do you usually sow peas? 9. She was interested to know how « 3. 1. 5. ³How old is your father?´ Miss Hei asked with gluttony. me.. lunch. 14. asked. « fish. use different introductory verbs. She asked in wonder what « 6. 3. Complete the following sentences. to go. « exhibition. ³Tell me. the. dinner. 8. « got up. Have you ever seen a cherry orchard in blossom? 5. when. ³What hours are you interested in?´ (Greene). why.´ he said in a friendly tone. we. (Du Maurier). Model: Do you ever work in the garden? She asked me if I ever worked in the garden. 2. I said to Vigot. Lily. 9. ³Didn¶t you hear what I said? (Du Maurier). 13. ³Did you find something to drink?´ he asked Davy. my. (Du Maurier). Complete the following sentences supplying object clauses by arranging the given words in the proper order. She would like to know on what condition « 97. at. I. what. Convert the following into indirect speech. did. She wanted to know where « 5. 7. Where will you plant those lovely poppies? 4. Aldridge). I. ³What are you standing there for?´ he said. (Greene). him. usually. Who has broken the boughs of the lime-tree? 8. (Lawrence). What sort of flowers do you like? 2. 1. .Davy asked. 1. ³do you still go to school?´ (Joyce). ³Why have you a piece of pencil in your ear?´ he asked. to. She wanted to find out by whom « 7. 96. I. had. 6. She wondered when « 4. had. his voice harsh and queer. «. 4. intended. eat. 10. Do you water the flowers in the morning or in the evening? 6. had.. o¶clock. I. She. She asked if « 2. Are tulips shade-loving flowers? 7. ³What is Giles going to wear to-night?´ I asked. ³What¶s the time?´ I said carelessly . She inquired what kind of « 9. They asked me why « 8. had. if. ³or is it a dead secret?´ (Du Maurier). 12. 11. not. Why have these flowers opened so soon? 3. where. ³How long will it take me to paint my face?´ asked Giles.

16. ³Don¶t let the others see you like that. 30.. 9.´ (Du Mau rier). . 12. ³Come along. Go now before anybody comes. 21. She declared that mountaineering was her favourite kind of sport. ³Leave them to changer.´ I said. ³and keep your head covered against the sun. Don¶t wait for me. 2.´ he said. He said he was surprised I had not been training since morning. Everybody wondered if the young man would agree to act the leading part in the play. Convert into indirect speech.. All the listeners urged the actor to recite another poem saying that they had never heard poetry recited so well.. 15. 20.´ he ordered the boy. previous. She asked me what kind of sport I went in for. what. to reach. He said he was very fond of travelling. them. He asked me to speak more distinctly. . My friend advised me to read ³King Lear´ in the original before going to see the performance of the tragedy. He warned me against my coming. bought. 28. the.6. Tell Maxim he can¶t come in.´ I called. 8.´ he said. to. 4. the. 33. 8. (Aldridge). 9. I¶ll give you a glass of water. had been. as he would be developing his films at that time. they. 23. My brother wanted to find out who had lost his tennis balls. I persuaded thy friend to let her daughter go to the concert as she was very fond of music.. 29. 9. ³Sit up. dictionary. 7. 1 asked the t to tell me if he thought I could take part in the match. Even the sharks (Aldridge 5. At the theatre I was obliged to tell my neighbours not to talk during the performance. I inquired of him if a stroke in cricket required great strength of the player.22. ³Ask Miss Thompson when it would be convenient for me to see her. The young actor inquired eagerly whether we liked his acting. ³I¶ll come down when I am ready. 25. They wondered which of the teams had a better chance of success.. shirt. 34. ³Go to your bedroom and do something to your face.19. « on. would. ³it does not matter what you put on. 3. the. take. 6. « health-resort. Find an ordinary evening frock. 2. Convert into direct speech. 17.´ (Du Maurier). ³if you want to see how to approach. He declared he would never forget the lovely and romantic scenes of Scotland he had seen during his visit to Britain. ever. ³wait. 11. He said he was looking forward to visiting the place where the great Scottish poet Robert Burns had spent his early life. that. (Maugham). 13. « my. 1.. bags from the floor. I. My sister always asks me not to economize by taking cheap tickets in the last row. ³Go and change. « was.. The boy was eager to know if I had ever seen a parachutist jump from an aeroplane.´ 7. 26. 8. 10. He wondered whether the goal had been scored before the final whistle was given. ³Bring me the two green. where. whether. MIXED EXERCISES ON INDIRECT SPEECH 100. him. 27. it. I.´ (Du Maurier).´ 10. INDIRECT ORDERS AND REQUESTS 99. The young man asked his parents not to worry about him saying that he might return home rather late as he had been invited to a house-warming party that night. She begged me not to be late for the concert. party.. A friend of mine suggested that we should take season tickets to the State Opera House. how long. 24.´ she said. ³It frightens everything in sight. such kind of. had been. people. 18.´ 4. country place. « I that. night. Convert into indirect speech. ³And don¶t throw any stones in the water. 3. to. ³And don¶t worry about me. 7. ³Go on down .´ he told Davy. He tried to persuade me that long walks would do me a world of good.´ his father said . at. He assured me he had been dreaming to visit all these spots of interest since he read Walter Scott¶s novels for the first time. 16. Pyle. A. of.´ he said. anything will do. 10. The father forbade his son to go to the cinema because lie had not prepared his lessons for the next day. I asked her if she liked the new opera she had heard the day before. price. He informed me that it was possible for everyone to get acquaint with all the loveliest spots of those parts. I wondered when she had been at the concert last. present. She was interested to know if we should take part in the running race. had. He asked me to tell him who was playing tennis on the court. ³Sit down for a few minutes and you¶ll be all right. He asked me when I had last been to a football match. how many.´ I said.´ Aldridge). 31. 32.

Why don't you drop in tonight? 4. will you buy me this CD? I've always wanted it. if you run around too much in this weather you may get another attack of flu. I¶ve had my tea. deny. I hope I haven¶t interrupted your work!´ ² ³Of course not. beg. Use the following verbs to report the two dialogues. Find in an English text four sentences with an object clause expressing 1) indirect statements. threaten 1. 2) in direct questions introduced by a) the conjunction if or whether. Is the bus service running according to the timetable today? 102. advise. John: You're right. You just never buy me things that I want only those that you like! things? . Sit down. you know I can't afford it. promise. refuse Daughter: Mum. Have a cup of tea?´ ² ³Thanks. warn Tom: I don't think you should play the game today.´ ² ³Don¶t you think so?´ ² ³Of course. Match the sentences with appropriate reporting verbs from the list. ³That¶s a tender father!´ B. b) a conjunctive pronoun or adverb. Mother: Sarah. I do. invite. 2. 3) Indirect commands or requests a) in the affirmative form.´ he added. OK. suggest. Then write the reported sentences. Tom: Be careful. please. But I think I¶ll love her more when she grows up. some poisonous chemicals did escape into the atmosphere. Stand up immediately! 5. 3. a) admit. I'm still a little bit ill. Why do you always ask me to buy you expensive Daughter: That's not true. b) accuse. please. you're right. I'm the best student in this school! 6.On entering the old lady¶s room he said.² The old lady smiled. boast. 101.´ She said. forbid. ³Don¶t you want to come and see our baby? My wife says she is a darling. We'll close credit lines if you don't reduce carbon dioxide emission. admit. 7 Shall we have a cup of tea? 8. b) in the negative form. ³I haven¶t seen you for ages. complain. order. explain. John. but I promise I won't overdo it. You can't use your dictionaries during the test. How is your wife?´ ² ³She is all right now!´ he answered. inquire.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful