This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers
The Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers are the next-generation, modular, highly servicesintegrated Cisco routing platforms designed with the flexibility to support a wide range of 4- to 23-Mpps packetforwarding capabilities, 2.5- to 40-Gbps system bandwidth performance, and scaling. The overall system architecture is common across the chassis. With the Cisco ASR 1000 Series, Cisco has created an entirely new price-forperformance class with an innovative set of capabilities to respond to changes that are converging within service provider and enterprise networks: video, Web 2.0, collaborative applications, and emerging requirements, all of which require a different type of edge device. This paper outlines the benefits of the Cisco ASR 1000 Series. For further product details, please visit http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps9343/index.html.
Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers bring many innovations to the routing industry; some of the most notable ones follow:
● ● ● ●
Extremely modular, flexible, and integrated design for meeting changing requirements in today’s networks First revolutionary Cisco QuantumFlow Processor (QFP) Cisco QuantumFlow Processor-based platform that facilitates various services at up to 40 Gbps True carrier-class system from the beginning, with the In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) that offers nonstop router operation
Complete logical and physical separation of system routing, forwarding, and I/O planes, resulting in a highly comprehensive system that is flexible to meet always-increasing performance needs
Software modularity to minimize the effects of software upgrades in the system and lower operating expenses Highly sophisticated system software and hardware design to boost application availability, even during system oversubscription
Lights-out remote-management facility: The Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor remains accessible through a console Ethernet management port, even during Cisco IOS Software failure.
Investment protection: These routers reuse the investment made in network I/O by using Cisco shared port adapters (SPAs).
Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router Overview
The Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router is intended to address the performance gap between Cisco 7200 and Cisco 7300 Routers compared to Cisco 7600 Routers. The Cisco ASR 1000 Series is fully modular, from both hardware and software perspectives, and the routers have all the elements of a carrier-class routing product serving both enterprise and service provider networks.
© 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.
Page 1 of 9
5-Gbps ESP (ESP2. 20 and 40 Gbps of system bandwidths. part number ASR1000-ESP20) 40-Gbps ESP (ESP40.White Paper The Cisco ASR 1000 Series includes various packaging options differentiated by the number of I/O slots. This chassis is capable of twice the capacity and twice the bandwidth of the Cisco ASR 1006. typically residing in a regional WAN or WAN edge or large branch office and providing throughput in the 2. and fixed Cisco ASR 1000 Series SPA Interface Processor [SIP] with four built-in Gigabit Ethernet ports) ● ● Cisco ASR 1004 Router (4-RU chassis with modular ESP. Page 2 of 9 . and fixed Cisco ASR 1000 Series SPA Interface Processor [SIP] with four built-in Gigabit Ethernet ports) ● Cisco ASR 1002 Router (2-RU chassis with modular Cisco ASR 1000 Series Embedded Services Processor [ESP]. 10. Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers are intended as the midsize aggregation and gateway product. For service providers. part number ASR1000-ESP5) 10-Gbps ESP (ESP10. Expanded I/O capacity is achieved by the use of up to six I/O slots. fixed Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor. the new RP3. as well as the Embedded Services Processor such as ESP40. 5. This document is Cisco Public Information. the flexibility to add capacity as needed. as well as service providers.5. route processor. capacity. The following chassis options are available: ● Cisco ASR 1002-F Router (2-RU chassis with fixed Cisco ASR 1000 Series Embedded Services Processor [ESP]. Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers are intended to provide midrange service provider edge service functionality and Broadband Remote Access Server aggregation.to 40Gbps range with various services turned on. respectively: ● ● ● ● ● 2. Inc. A common hardware and software architecture and common components are used across these new router platforms to support the various modular and nonmodular chassis configurations (ranging from two to six rack units [RUs]). The overall system architecture is common across all ASR 1000 series routers. The Cisco ASR 1013 provides “Super Slots” for Route Processors such as RP2 and in future. allowing enterprise customers. providing 2.5. Furthermore. performance. and SIPs for SPA connectivity) ● Cisco ASR 1013 Router (13-RU chassis with modular and redundant ESPs (40 Gbps). The latest addition to the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router family for service providers is the Cisco ASR 1013. part number ASR1000-ESP40) The performance and scaling of Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers for a forwarding plane-bounded feature are dictated by the capability of the central forwarding engine of the router in the form of an ESP card. redundant architecture like the current 6-RU ASR 1000 series router model. All rights reserved. Different ESP options are available for all the chassis to offer you cost. and scaling choices. the Cisco ASR 1013 chassis is designed to achieve up to 360 Gbps of total bandwidth. there is no part number for it because it is integrated into the ASR1002-F chassis) 5-Gbps ESP (ESP5. route processor. The ESP module on Cisco ASR 1013 is available in 40 Gbps. © 2010 Cisco Systems. fixed Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor. and SIPs) Cisco ASR 1006 Router (6-RU chassis with modular and redundant ESPs. and the Cisco ASR 1013 chassis is designed to support 80 Gbps and higher bandwidth in the future. part number ASR1000-ESP10) 20-Gbps ESP (ESP20. For enterprises. and power. redundancy. Delivered in a 13-RU chassis with centralized. and SIPs (40 Gbps) for SPA connectivity) The following five types of ESPs are available. route processor.5.
bootflash. and three SIPs. including Cisco IOS XE Release Software. This document is Cisco Public Information. Dual ESPs. The route processor houses the console. logging data. auxiliary console. and © 2010 Cisco Systems. hard disk drive (HDD). Building Integrated Timing Source (BITS) reference clock input (RJ-45). Cisco ASR 1006 Aggregation Services Router with dual route processors. distribution of user-configuration information. and the Gigabit Ethernet management port. rather it stores core dumps. For example. selection and switchover of active as opposed to standby cards. and Three SIPs Route Processor The route processor is based on a modern PowerPC CPU subsystem running Cisco IOS Software and platformspecific code. which includes all control-plane traffic received on any SPAs Older protocol traffic. data-plane forwarding (ESP). and network I/O (SIP). the routing plane is completely isolated from the forwarding plane (in fact. logging facilities.White Paper High-Level System Architecture You can partition the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers from a very high level into three elements: network control (route processor). image management and distribution. the route processor is responsible for the chassis management. so that loading of one does not affect the other. One of the main differentiators of the platform is the logical and physical isolation of these planes in the system for nonstop operation and various types of resilience. The HDD does not participate in system operation. Figure 1. such as DECnet. dual ESPs. including activation and initialization of the other cards. they are separate cards). The route processor manages the following types of traffic: ● ● ● Management traffic coming through the Gigabit Ethernet management port on the route processor Punt traffic in the system (through the ESP).Cisco ASR 1006 Router System with Dual Route Processors. All rights reserved. and so on In addition. Inc. Internet Packet Exchange (IPX). and alarm control. Page 3 of 9 . two universal-serial-bus (USB) ports.
and a 40-GB hard drive for mass storage. can be divided into two subsystems: ● ● Cisco QuantumFlow Processor Control processor and other related circuitry The Cisco QuantumFlow Processor is really the foundation of the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router platform. cryptography. and scheduling functions for the system. integrated QoS.while at the same time offering integral service delivery and programmability. and header and payload compression. The engine is where all the Cisco IOS Software feature processing takes place. It performs all the traditional baseline router packet operations. queuing. including MAC classification. it can be further divided into two blocks. and scheduling subsystem (the traffic manager) to perform buffering and scheduling at wire speed. that is facilitated in the system by means of bootflash and USB storage. © 2010 Cisco Systems. the modular route processor on the Cisco ASR 1004 and ASR 1006 routers comes with 1 GB of embedded USB (eUSB. By default. It also performs the egress-packet buffering. The ESP executes more complex features such as firewalls. The Cisco QuantumFlow Processor is the Cisco in-house. booting the OS from the HDD is not allowed. Page 4 of 9 . VPN. at a high level. Network Based Application Recognition (NBAR). Figures 2 and 3 show the Cisco ASR 1000 Series system architecture. The built-in route processor on the Cisco ASR 1002 Router comes with 8-GB eUSB. Embedded Services Processor The ESP provides the centralized forwarding engine responsible for most of the data-plane processing tasks. and advanced memory management.service (QoS) classification. numerous tunneling protocols. Flexible Packet Matching (FPM). All network traffic through the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router flows through the ESP. Network Address Translation (NAT). The processor includes 40 multithreaded packet-processing cores along with a buffering. where 1 GB is for bootflash and 7 GB are for mass storage. custom-built network processor that truly sets a new benchmark for data forwarding at tens of gigabit rates with various services configured. All rights reserved. The ESP. queuing. shaping. load balancing. the Cisco QuantumFlow Processor Engine and Cisco QuantumFlow Processor Traffic Manager subsystems. The Cisco QuantumFlow Processor is the industry’s first fully integrated and programmable router chip designed to unify massive parallel processing. Hence. policing. This document is Cisco Public Information. whereas the traffic manager performs various QoS functions for both transit traffic and the traffic destined to the router. Inc. and NetFlow. bootflash and nonvolatile RAM [NVRAM]). Layer 2 and the various Layer 3 forwarding protocols. quality-of. security access control lists (ACLs).White Paper OS binaries.
ESP-to-ESP failover results in minimal data interruption (<50 ms). Page 5 of 9 . This document is Cisco Public Information. © 2010 Cisco Systems.White Paper Figure 2. whereas route processorto-route processor failover (also <50 ms) results in no data interruption at all. Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ASR 1000 Series System Architecture: Centralized Data As shown in Figure 3. Cisco ASR 1000 Series System Architecture: Distributed Control Figure 3.
Cisco Catalyst 6500. The Cisco ASR 1000 Series SIP also houses its own control processor to run various managers on the card. The egress buffering is centralized on the traffic manager and also provided in the form of egress queues on the SIP. © 2010 Cisco Systems. Each SIP can take up to four halfheight SPAs.and 4-port Channelized T3 4-port Serial (12-in-1) 1-port Channelized STM-1 2. Page 6 of 9 . two full-height SPAs. and the Cisco CRS-1 Carrier Routing System.pdf or the Cisco ASR 1000 Global Price List.White Paper SPA Interface Processor The Cisco ASR 1000 Series SIP. does not participate in packet forwarding. ® Shared Port Adapter SPAs used in Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers are the same SPAs as those used in the Cisco 7600. additional SPA support is planned for later Cisco IOS XE software releases. All rights reserved. unlike the SIPs for the Cisco 7600 Router and Cisco Catalyst 6500 Switch. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. Cisco gigabit switch routers (GSRs).cisco. Further. it is the housing for the SPAs in the system. You can also contact your local Cisco account representative. where bandwidth points are enforced to avoid any possible oversubscription. or a combination. Buffering (ingress and egress) coupled with back pressure to and from the ESP is provided in the system to deal with oversubscription. please refer to the following link: www. Each SPA bay runs its own SPA driver.com/en/US/prod/collateral/routers/ps9343/powerpoint_c97-496015. The Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers can prioritize traffic not only at the ESP level. but also throughout the system by configuring ingress and egress classification. unlike Cisco 7200VXR Series Routers. including the SPA drivers. Hence. Following is an excerpt of the list of SPAs that are supported as of Cisco IOS XE Software Release 2. or other SIPs) ISSU for the SPA drivers in the system in case of upgrade or downgrade. The Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers can be oversubscribed and considered a valid configuration.and 5-port Gigabit Ethernet and 10-port Gigabit Ethernet 4. resulting in a completely hitless (to other SPAs in the same SIP.and 4-port OC-48 PoS/Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) (PoS mode only) For the complete list of supported SPAs. The SIP also provides packet prioritization for ingress packets from the SPAs and a large ingress burst absorption buffer for ingress packets awaiting transfer to the ESP for processing.and 4-port T3/E3 2.2 on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 8-port Gigabit Ethernet 1-port 10 Gigabit Ethernet 2.and 8-port Fast Ethernet 8-port T1/E1 2. Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers extend the value and investment protection for the network I/O in the form of SPAs.and 4-port OC-3/STM-1 Packet over SONET/SDH (PoS) 1-port OC-12/STM-4 PoS 2.
Cisco IOS Software is responsible for the control-plane processing. Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol. including processing network configuration and the CLI. computation of routes. including processing of network control packets. and SIP) that manages the local resources and data structures. resulting in a software high-availability option for all Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router chassis. alarms. and Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) in the system and restart the Cisco IOS Software or perform Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) out the core dumps. A separate control processor is included on each major component of the router system (route processor. The various processors in the platform have the following basic roles: ● Route processor: Runs the router control plane (Cisco IOS Software). and other relevant information through the route-processor management port. whether on the same route processor or a different route processor (in the case of Cisco ASR 1006 and Cisco ASR1013 chassis).White Paper Cisco ASR 1000 Series Software Architecture The Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router design is based around a distributed control plane to add another level of resilience in the system. Starting with Cisco IOS XE Software Release 3. Cisco IOS XE Software is based on the Cisco IOS Software Release 15S train. This document is Cisco Public Information. managing interfaces and tunnels. Even if the Cisco IOS Software is down (or has crashed). computing routes. ESP. an operating system consisting of a Linuxbased kernel and a common set of OS-level utility programs including Cisco IOS Software running as a user process on the route-processor card. and session setup. onboard failure logging. and connection setup Manages ports and indicators. command-line interface (CLI). Cisco IOS XE Software is based on the Cisco IOS Software Release 12. and network Downloads code to other components in the system Performs active route-processor and ESP selection and standby synchronization Performs logging facilities. This concept allows for different types of redundancy and modularity in the system.6). Cisco IOS Software NSF/SSO also reestablishes state upon Cisco IOS Software restart. Two Cisco IOS Software daemons on the 2RU and 4RU Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router configurations provide Cisco IOS Software redundancy and therefore limited interruption on Cisco IOS Software failure or upgrade. Page 7 of 9 ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ESP control processor: Allows for direct CPU access to the forwarding-engine subsystem (that is. running routing protocols. All rights reserved.2SR train (with reference to Cisco IOS XE Software Releases 2. ESP control processor. Inc. processing or directing Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) requests. and statistics aggregation ◦ ◦ ● ● SIP control processor: Provides direct CPU access to SPAs plugged into the given SIP for control purposes Handles SPA online-insertion-and-removal (OIR) events Runs SPA drivers for initializing and configuring SPAs ◦ The control CPUs (as mentioned previously) in the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router chassis (route processor. router administration personnel can still access the console and auxiliary console.1S. and they can even perform Telnet.1 through 2. © 2010 Cisco Systems. Cisco QuantumFlow Processor) co-residing on the ESP Manages Cisco QuantumFlow Processor chipset . The Cisco IOS Software has no direct access to the hardware components in the system and is largely isolated from the platform architecture. and SIP control processor) run Cisco IOS XE Software. The normal Cisco IOS Software Nonstop Forwarding with Stateful Switchover (NSF/SSO) support is used to shadow state from the active Cisco IOS Software daemon to a standby Cisco IOS Software instance.
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ROM Monitor: One ROM Monitor package containing ROMmon for route processor. each route processor runs its own copy of Cisco IOS Software. control processes. with the first rebuild two months after first customer shipment (FCS) of the major release and the second rebuild four months after FCS for bug fixes. surpassing even the Automatic Protection Switching (APS) gold standard for nonstop operation. © 2010 Cisco Systems. Both enterprises and service providers can benefit from the modular design and advanced architecture of these routers. and manage a network that allows you to expand geographically. and Cisco IOS Software to Cisco IOS Software) are less than 50 ms. and Cisco QuantumFlow Processor code ◦ ● Cisco with Partner Services deliver Borderless Network Architecture Enable the borderless network architecture and the business solutions that use that architecture with smart. these services help you plan. two versions are available: one contains open SSH and SSL and the other does not (that is. build. Cisco offers a new major software release every four months with new features. K9 and non-K9) ◦ ● SIP SIPBase: SIP operating system and control processes SIPSPA: SPA drivers and field-programmable device (FPD). we have a service that can help you get the most from your IT environment. ESP to ESP.cisco. solve specific business problems. and promote business innovation.com/go/services. Whether you plan to move to a borderless network architecture. These new midrange routers have advanced forwarding engines and multiple processors. The Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers offer many technological innovations while providing innovative carrier-class capabilities. Each functional element of the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers supports a different modular software package or binary for high availability. This document is Cisco Public Information. high availability. and SIP (released when needed) Page 8 of 9 . ESP. All failover times in the system (route processor to route processor. and SPA drivers. visit http://www. and they take advantage of the proven features of Cisco IOS Software. These routers take advantage of the flexibility and faster services delivery based on the Cisco QuantumFlow Processor. All rights reserved. For more information. the SPA Cisco Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) image ◦ ● ESP ESPBase: ESP operating system. Backed by deep networking expertise and a broad ecosystem of partners. in the case of standard supported major releases. Summary The Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers constitute a true carrier-class system consisting of forwarding-plane redundant components. Inc. Extended supported major releases come with four rebuilds. and two rebuilds for each major release. ISSU for Cisco IOS Software with NSF/SSO. personalized services from Cisco and our partners.White Paper Because the 6RU and the 13RU chassis can accommodate two route processors. at 2. the following list delineates these packages: ● Route processor RPBase: Route-processor OS RPControl: Control-plane processes that interface between Cisco IOS Software and the rest of the platform RPIOS RPAccess: Software required for router access. or improve operational efficiency.5 Gbps up to 40 Gbps. embrace new business models.
This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. All rights reserved.White Paper Printed in USA C11-612420-00 07/10 © 2010 Cisco Systems. Page 9 of 9 .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.