The Rise of Adolf Hitler and The Nazism
Made by : Madeline Ting Grade : 8b Subject : History
Gestapo Chief. was keeping a dossier on the whole menage. which had been limited to a strength of 100. Hitler renounced the restrictions of the Versailles Treaty. hitler then used the Schuetzstaffel. 000. or “Nazi” Party) emerged in early 1920s. a special body guard within the S. eventually grew to over one million men and reached into every facet of German public life with political significance through direct controls.A. Reinhard Heydrich. and using the Nazified education system both in schools and universities to educate young men with the proper Nazi spirit. infiltration or informants. had spread its tentacles into the entire German legal and law
. There was much incompetence. that dominated all German police forces down to the local level. Note: Avoid seeing SS as super-efficient. junior enlisted men and officers were also indoctrinated in Hitler's goals. extolling the virtues of ancient Germans such as “Karl der Grosse” (Charles the Great. petty bickering. well-oiled machine. Hitler and the N. which whipped up enthusiasm for the Nazis and intimidated other political groups.000 for “defense. to go out and ruthlessly assassinate hundreds of party leaders during a single night.S. backbiting. removing top generals who were unsympathetic to the Nazi goals and replacing them with more pliable officers. History was rewritten. raising the army to 500. The S.000 imposed by Versailles was set aside. every officer and NCO was ready to assume higher rank and responsibility. Hitler used political machinations to get the army behind him. waste. led by Heinrich Himmler. where he wrote Mein Kampf. the rapid expansion of the Army and the need to develop contingency plans kept high-ranking staff officers busy so that they would not have time to be overly concerned about politics. by Czech commandos.S.1920. Czechoslovakia. he was finally assassinated in Lidice. but many were frightened of what Germany had become.A.. and everyone in the town was executed in retaliation 1934 Germany begins the rearmament process. the S.S. foolishness. a totalitarian state: Dissent was not tolerated. The German army. In 1935 Hitler resumed the draft.. and its subordinate unit. Then the Nazis tested their power by attempting to take over the government of the state of Bavaria in the “Beer Hall Putsch.” The limit of 100. otherwise known as Charlemagne. “Night of the Long Knives. known as the brownshirts from their uniforms).A. the Gestapo (Secret State Police). the S. leaving a residue of those whose loyalty he could trust. became the guardian of the Aryan purity. High school and university professors were purged unless they followed the party line.P. employed the S. Even though many of the top German officers disapproved of Hitler and his methods. and the army was streamlined and condensed. Germans became enamored with Hitler. to eliminate his political enemies. if not for their own.”Hitler was arrested and served time in Landsberg prison. (Nationalsozialistiche Deutsche Arbeiterpartei. a state within a state. using the existing Army as a cadre from which to build a much larger force compatible with Hitler's designs.S. The Party gradually gained strength in late 1920s and early thirties through the use of the Sturmabteilung (Storm Troopers or S. Using the Hitler youth (Hitler Jugend)—a kind of Nazi boy scout organization—as a means of preparing German boys to enter military service.S.D.) The Secret State Police (Gestapo) were a sub-unit of the S.S. was rapidly expanded.” To purge the Nazi party of men whom Hitler saw as too ambitious for his good. for the simple reason that Hitler's S.S. This organized murder campaign operated outside the law.
the German army. arguing that the army was not yet prepared for a confrontation with the French. supported by Austrian officials who were sympathetic to the Nazi movement. In September 1935 the Reichstag began passage of a series of laws that stripped Jewish people of their citizenship and basic human rights. the French and British did nothing. declaring them cowardly and announcing that the French and British would do nothing. Again using the S. Jews were dragged out of their homes and beaten. returning the Sieg Heil salute given along the way and waving to thousands of Austrians. arrested. the S. Citizenship become limited to “only that subject of German or kindred blood who proves by his conduct that he is willing and suited loyally to serve the German people and the Reich. 1937 In 1937 Hitler began his campaign of purging Germany of what he saw as the poisonous influence of the Jews. Hitler rode through the streets of Vienna in an open car.”)
.” 1936 By 1936 Hitler had gained complete control over German foreign policy.” Windows of Jewish businesses were smashed. He announced as one of his major goals the unification of all German speaking peoples under a common flag. The Rhineland was reoccupied. Hitler ridiculed his officers to their faces. The world was beginning to see Nazism for what it really was a disaster 1938 1938 In March Hitler completed the annexation (Anschluss) of Austria. Jews would be unable to escape intensified persecution.. (Hitler had been born in Austria and was returning “home. His goals included the readjustment of eastern boundaries and the restoration of Germany to Great Power status. and the League of Nations denounced Hitler’s action but also took no action.S. Jews were not allowed to fly the German flag or to display Reich colors. carried out what became known as Kristallnacht—the “Night of Broken Glass.enforcement system. He repudiated the Locarno Treaty and ordered the army to reoccupy the Rhineland in violation of Versailles Treaty.S. moved into Austria. who waved Nazi flags and cheered Hitler as he rode by triumphantly. again over the protests of the General staff who declared they were not yet ready for action. which was to do Hitler's will. Marriage between Jews and non-Jewish Germans was prohibited as were extramarital relations between Jews and gentiles.S. The Nazi party was rapidly becoming the law. designed but with one purpose. From that time on. 1935 Nuremberg Laws. Following an intensive propaganda campaign in Austria. He is not entitled to the right to vote on political matters. cooperating police forces now under the heel of the S. he cannot hold public office.” A November 1935 law declared that “A Jew cannot be a Reich citizen. hauled away and otherwise terrorized. and that his officer corps needed to take on his fearless demeanor. But instead of being greeted with animosity. The General Staff was reluctant to carry out the order. and hired thugs.
Chamberlain returned to Great Britain claiming “Peace in our Time. “Never have so many owed so much to so few. and his army. which along with Stalingrad sealed Germany's fate. the Russian winter and the courageous Russian people spelled doom for Hitler’s armies. The campaign in was over in a matter of weeks. a fatal mistake. When Hitler refused to back down. defeated Hitler’s Luftwaffe. Hitler promised not to make any further territorial demands in Europe. and again.000 at Stalingrad.S. Hitler's ally Italy declared war on France. Early German successes could not hide the fact that Hitler had bitten off more than he could chew. After Pearl Harbor Hitler declared war on the U. long before France and Great Britain were capable of any kind of military action. Hitler's threats to take over the Sudetenland caused British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain to travel to Germany to meet with Hitler in an attempt to resolve the crisis.” An invasion of England was planned but air control over the Channel was necessary. “the hand that held the dagger has stuck it into the back of its neighbor. 1941 1941. Stalin.. In June Hitler turned his back on Russia and attacked his former partner. having mounted a lengthy anti-Polish propaganda campaign.A.5 million German-speaking people. Czechoslovakia.” It was to be short lived.F. 1938. telling Hitler his proposals were not acceptable. causing President Roosevelt to declare that. While that was going on. On September 29. clearing the way for German invasion of Poland. The R. reached Paris in six weeks. 1941. demonstrating to the world for the first time the tactics that would become known as Blitzkrieg. concocted a phony incident along the German-Polish border. December 11. The S. On September 3 France and Great Britain declared war on Germany. Italian Premier Benito Mussolini suggested that Hitler hold a four-power conference of Germany.S. and Hitler ordered Goring's Luftwaffe to prepare the way.” In frustration Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe to carry out air attacks against British cities. full of virulent anti-Polish ethnic degradation. then swept through Belgium. While the Russians were taking advantage of their pact with Hitler to invade Finland.
1940 Hitler attacked Denmark and Norway. Within a few months Hitler swallowed the rest of Czechoslovakia. commencing what was known as the London Blitz. and at this point France and Great Britain decided that Hitler had gone too far 1939
august 1939 German Foreign Minister Ribbentrop engineered a Non-aggression Pact with The Soviet Union's Josef Stalin. having flanked the French Maginot Line. During the winter of 1939-1940 the war was called a phony war or “Sitzkrieg” as nothing of any significance happened aside from the SS beginning its ethnic cleansing of Warsaw and the rest of Poland. The Russian Army. In return. about which Winston Churchill said. The air war known as the Battle of Britain followed. Britain.The next crisis in European affairs focused on Germany's neighbor. which held out until March 1940.
. Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier capitulated to Hitler's demand for the Sudetenland. France and Italy in Munich. the Sudeten Germans. the German Wehrmacht rolled across the border on September 1. In 1942-43 The Germans lost an army of 600. In the Czech Sudetenland lived 3. the great turning point of the European war. the rest of the war came to a halt.
March 23.November 9.1909-1913 Hitler in World War I .1926-1929 Great Depression Begins .December 21.July 1921 The Beer Hall Putsch .1931 Hitler Runs for President .October 29. 1929 Germans Elect Nazis . 1924 Hitler's Book "Mein Kampf" A New Beginning . 1889 Hitler's Boyhood .1914-1918 War Ends with German Defeat . 1933 The Reichstag Burns . 1918 Hitler Joins German Workers' Party .1920 Hitler Named Leader of Nazi Party . 1930 Success and a Suicide .February 26.September 14.January 3.1919 Nazi Party is Formed .February 27. 1933
. 1925 The Quiet Years .1895-1903 Hitler's Father Dies . 1933 Hitler Becomes Dictator of Germany . 1923 Hitler on Trial for Treason .April 20.November 11.October 1907 Hitler's Mother Dies .1932 The Republic Collapses Hitler Named Chancellor of Germany .The biography
Adolf Hitler is Born . 1903 Hitler Fails Art Exam . 1907 Hitler is Homeless in Vienna .January 30.February 26.
Sources : http://www.c
om/ world war2 /rise ofhitl er/