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FAX: 24210 93065
E-mail: chneofit@apae.uth.gr

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1. ., ., ., ., & . .
. 2
2005.
2. ., ., ., ., ., & .
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, Helix aspersa . 21
. 57 2005.
3. Malandrakis . ., Gogas A.,Hatziioannou ., Panagiotaki P., Lazaridou-Dimitriadou
., Neofitou C. & A. Exadactylos. Morphological and shell quality natural
population diversity of the edible snail (Helix aspersa M.), in southern Hellas.
16th World Congress of Malacology (WCM), "Groenenborger" of the University of
Antwerp, Belgium, 15-20 july 2007.
4. ., . & . . ,
Cornu aspersum (Petit Gris - )
. 23
. 3-5 2007.
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Morphological and shell quality natural population diversity of the edible snail (Helix
aspersa M.), in southern Hellas.

1Malandrakis

. .; 1Gogas A.; 1Hatziioannou .; 1Panagiotaki P.; 2Lazaridou-Dimitriadou .;


1Neofitou C.; 1Exadactylos A.

1. Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment, School of Agricultural Sciences,


University of Thessaly, Fytokou str., 384 46, Nea Ionia Magnesias, Hellas. E-mails:
emalandrak@uth.gr; agogas@uth.gr; mxatzi@uth.gr; ppanag@uth.gr; chneofit@uth.gr;
exadact@uth.gr
2. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, School of Biology, Department of Zoology,
Panepistimioupolis, 54 124 Macedonia, Hellas. E-mail: mlazarid@bio.auth.gr

No relevant information on stock definition has been produced recently concerning edible snails,
which are both commercially and ecologically important species in the eastern Mediterranean
region. The present study addresses on nine (9) quantitative and qualitative traits [on the axial
view - SH: shell height, SD: shell maximum diameter ; on the apertural view - AL: aperture length
from the point of adhesion of aperture to body whorl, AW: maximum aperture width, WW: wet
weight; and number of bands, band colour, shells base colour, overall colour pattern], diversity
of six (6) natural populations of the edible snail, Helix aspersa, collected in Peloponnesus
(Megalopoli, Corinth, Argolida, Zacharo) and the island of Crete (Chania, Ierapetra), southern
Hellas.

Multivariate statistical analysis of quantitative traits is a powerful technique used to investigate


geographical variation of populations. It has provided useful results for assessing stock structure
of several species, because it can yield information complementary to that derived from
biochemical, physiological and life history studies. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used
to test for the contribution of these traits in the configuration of variance. Forward stepwise
discriminant analysis (DA) based on the generalized Mahalanobis distance was used to determine
the similarity between populations and the ability of these traits to identify the specimens
correctly. A dendrogram of phenotypic relationships was constructed based on Mahalanobis
distances using UPGMA cluster analysis.

Results revealed a rather high statistically significant morphological variability overall between the
studied populations of the two greater geographical and reproductively isolated regions of
Peloponnesus and Crete; an extensive inter-population variation. Furthermore, quite great
diversity was recorded within and among the Peloponnesus populations, but not for the two
Cretan ones. Therefore, it is probable that a large proportion of intra-sample variation in the
Peloponnesus is the result of heterogeneous phenotypic groups. Morphological variability among

different geographical populations could be attributed to different genetic structure of


populations and/or to different environmental conditions prevailing in each geographic area. To
what degree these differences are the results of environmental conditions, or of genetic diversity
remains to be answered, although data on genetic variability using microsatellites as a genetic
marker on the same populations are currently under analysis.

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Snails-EC overview 1993. INTERNATIONAL TRADE CENTRE.


Eurostat, Statistics of the European Communities, Brussels
International Customs Tariffs Bureau, Brussels
E
Gogas A., Hatzioannou M. & Lazaridou. M. 2003. Heliciculture of Helix aspersa in
Greece, Slugs & Snails: Environmental, Veterinary & Environmental Perspectives 8 & 9
September 2003 University College, Canterbury, Kent.
Godan, D. 1983. Pest slugs and snails. Springer-Verlag. Berlin Heidelberg, New York.
Daguzan J. 1989. Snail rearing or heliciculture of Helix aspersa Mller. British Crop
Protection Council Monograph No 41 (Slugs and snails in world agriculture, ed. I. Henderson) pp.310.
Lazaridou-Dimitriadou, M Alpoyanni, E., Brouziotis, Th., Kifonidis N., Mihaloudi E.,
Sioula, D., & Vellis, G. 1998. Growth, mortality and fecundity in successive generations
of Helix aspersa Mller cultured indoors and crowding effects on fast- medium- and
slow- growing snails of the same clutch. Journal of Molluscan studies, 64, 67-74