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Dictated 10 I ,1I1rl':' Irc:n.. l',dw;m.

h JJl I 930

,\ \1I'\10If?

I wen l'~mt!I~1her the day wh~n my <")l11pan)' a~~,~rnhbl ilt illd I Jar1iln Ch\!rco in Ihk
«()llmv. AhIYJlI1a. wk..:rc we hade g"l1d b?c to mLr Jov.;:d (mc~ IInd I(\()k HP our m,'\rfh I()
Ih,: baHk fronl i.n an,:wcr ((\ our 1:nmllry',; call.
f 1""I<:urlx:r tJiI.' IiI's! nigh; we ;;ampl.'u un 111<,hunk~: (}ff'eu Rjv,~1' HIllI t10lhcd in it<
\\-;ltcrs ,md ~I'<:)llthi, our liTHJli;!ht in jr'VtiUShibrity, I .1't~mt~lnhcr[\fieI' IhreL~days march
\w n:"d).;d old h"ll Mil<:bdlrrl'UI Columhus ('>'''I'J,tiu, where we \\~'rc urguni/,ed into the
I ~'Jir ,\lah;uwl Inhntr~.
my (\'IlII';UlY It,::uM know!! as C\', E. Then :jOer;t lew wcek~; of
clH;lpany and rc,~lIlI\'lIlaldnrl w.. had urdt:,: 'II !!,,,hJ Vir"ini,L ,wd rbi, ",;j~ to me::! matt~r
'.If e\<;u1:ii1c thri!1 ill'd il1tncsl whwh ,'IITII'..H1:>.:w('L dc-pict.:.;i h':I':.
\V'hen \\'l' rett;;hcd Richmond w,~ \WT<' 'I11;!71"n,.I HI {)Id Chimbf",v,' ,,,11<.:,
c w'"'
rcuMiJh:d <11->11(11
three wed.:; and th.:nr:;; to Mand.,~.1~, Sh,'r1I)' ,Iher 1Iw 11011-.1 Iip.1 b.1tt1C (I)

tiw \~~{;. :1.'-rh(r~ W:'" no more tl;;htinj.( il1thj~; :,\:eli"I1. \\c w\:.nl illll' \vmkr 'I''''f'''f.. Ih..n",
Up It! tl1i, time we had n01 had 10 MIHer tiny grern huru:ihip:i, bul had man)' inlcrc~lir.t'
<:'\I'C:flcll,,":~.
[n tht.: 1>C'~iurrillj.!lit' IX62. th s \:und year "rlltc war. gr mer acti"jlic1; in war matter:;
hn:,w1l' ",,,r',.. \~n"r.:. .\kC'klL.uKI \...a~ ass<:mblLug ;! ,ure;lt anny in Lhe \'('rktO\vn p..mjm~ula
with the purf'N' 01 m..rchmg on to Rkhfljond aud O1.:u':I,,1 Julrm.\!u was I!rLIcn.'(! w Ihll
Imck from \lal1/1 "... It) Irlt'd rhi, 111..,"1.'of il,,: CIK-III)'. Bul F.wc:II's Di",isiuu, 10 whid~ r
bdong-cd, ',vu;, I'rdcrcd 10 .ie.in :-ilnnl?;w,,11.I;,,:k"'ln in the: VI1IJC':- Then illY It'giuJJ::l1r <lSin
the tmled V;jlley Cnrnp,nign in which ,Iadsnn ddc,arr,d rlm'(' an111C:~IITid then it '.vas at
CI'I';:,<.~;cys we received "\If impli5m ufbullk. From here Ihe :-\ccn,~t~hi1r'1~~,'d
;'In" tl1l' SI"'vl.'n
davs baule around RichmnnJ 1:, roughl in whidl my regimcnt H}(}k an fictive par1 mJd
Itl~l 4uiKi a :Jumr.er of noble mc-n,
1 was ~il'k and in th~ h,)spital;n CharJol'/il1 </lthm lim After McCle1Jaod's det;"'ul
G""..."tI Lc:c: JlIlI\'",d hIs arlllY Kurlh, On tht! IiI's; iov<JSion. w<: cf(l~;~;cd the PMnmo\: ilt
, t'I'~tml l" wildill(! il "fUHItSL' i1,' ,h..:rc Wl-n; no bridge!>, :VI\' Division wa~; ordered to gi>
:1r""l\d .111.1I'rn~, ha.; k ilhll"e Ibq '...,'s F<:fry w!t-:;n: (.k-u<:rul \\'('01 W,U; St:UiL,"\:d with
"'~\'l'11 rl;,II",all.\ m,'n W<::h(ld '1im ';I)mph:td~ ~IUJ,1<IIJd...d;lIfd (,'" ,lUT",,'IHkrcJ In tit is
5urrcnda we s(,(~IJr'''i1anri< ""!I1m.'it]'}', dnd quaneI' IlIil.,II:' ~upplic~ ill !-I,...m <ibmIJam;c.
Jmmcdimd~ <irkr lill: ~urnl1rkr , \W,rt" 'Ird,'wd t'tild ;1, HI,,. thl.' [',.!tomal.' tn I,,: in [Ii.:
oollle ,)1' Shnrp,;bmg'Nllid Anl.'flll1 hy Nnrth IliS! ,1T1illfS-Ih1.<Wi'S One- of the hald('~l
b"l!k8 01 th~ war. wId \\'<10l,(\,P,\J1 !k, II draw. Lee withdrc.w tnlh" Vlrgulf'lII ""1,, ,\11,1
ICr>.!fCended that y"ar'H campaign in VirJ;iniu.
10 uvoid heing Icdiou',_1 will umit m;!ny irnpnrlnnt miliwry operations i!1dud1n!11h,~
h'illlt' lIf Frcdri..:bl1urg in which 110,,1;.:1 pW'1...:Indwill ,;reuk ~,f1he Penn:JyJvtlnJa invasj(IJ1
and the !:-.>.tll<.:
(If(j...II\,~btll.u. I \~a, in this bau.!t! and '.'11llw se~'()ml day of .1l1l~ 1863, wi1h
fhlrk,~n other 11.1"'''"j' my ..'t..:rJD~IJYW<ISCllptureJ ;Ind c,~rricd \{) Fort Delaware wh~rc we
\\"<'1""'r:'-pt !IS prbollct., lIlItil dl'; ",;n d.;):!><.:J,
I (~Ofl!d m,lk<:, an intl.'fl.',tillg ,,'haplt'l <Jh'ul our pr~'IJn, bur ()]II... say we mana\,li:'J H'
kc"r up .~pl1'll'!I'd 1".>pc <tHud I\~ Inah "nd twuh!.:, fllllil 'hr: {by I;;rm, fur our n.:kase.
n.:;;rly l\~'l} months alin tI". "m'n.kr
1 rl~ild1L'd h('1~1,' 1111'~Ih t,f ,hlnl' l1\h~, tn find ollr I1clovcd SoulhJamJ wn:ded and
nlln..:.-J hy wnr's dCvastIIl,(".n.
Thm il \\8;, witb unl\it1\:hil1~ ~I)urngc we loak up the tn.~I; of recomtTu;:ling lh~ ruin
aud t>ujldill~ our n~'w Smllh upon it, While I cann,'! IJluhmute ,1n this work: ibr il WNIIJ /
r~'l\lir\:' nnUl~ w()hh yet r ,'.tlI1J1n1lunit ::';1YLt!~
thai lhe work W.IS d(!n~ in:1 way th:ll
oHcilcd lIw admirmion ofa1l pe~)pk, Our nohk wOImm w\:rc (Iur !'ulUnd. cl>,fuhm<.:rs in
C\i~J",'F.<JI1CC.
;ln~i ,ieserve a 1I1(II1UJ\1CII!
li.[ their \\'umil"1 I'Ll!wlIrl..,
On die jlh (Ii'D,-cclIlkT 18{,:~ it \\'iI" HI~'~!>od j'''I\lIJt." to IcaJ IfJ tlp~ IJli1ltiilgc ,tllel ono:
<.IfIh I~'I IIfth... HHhJo:dau!o\hl l!' "I'll,,: '\oulh, to "alk wilh 01,' and sh,m' WIt h 'l'" """ry
jlJY ;me! <.'\'<':I~""lOW Ihill, ,I.\\'ai"..d us nn Ilks r"lgnm.It'-" \\'(~ 1'.'11111'
to I ,',>,,"~In 1t>hh
wl"'I'(,, ('Igh! "(111'"<1m,. I" hie,s ,)lIT IInl<'" aU 1\(,:'1<-m(~t1:lnd an livill[ 1I\Clillli".:" in Texa~
Y"itr~ "!"i m)' prcC1I1U'; on,' lef! me 1<\go and w~,l.IrJwr ~rl'~\ I!.
''''''Tpl "ro,', I 1:~,1i1
Nnw in my '10th ycur I canlnrlly :-II) tlull mudll,,\(' and klnrlnc.~" h<1v\, ~el1 m;:l.:d out
1\1111", hut llm:-i[ :'H}' lhat th.:lX::il fh<::nd;; \\<: old \ ('1.:nu1:; have art! lht.' nuhlc l),w;.:lncm of
Ihe ('pnf.:dm'a",', :11\;]m;l~ (iod hk::f, Ih,'m in lilY do'~i;)g \\'.mt.

A.N. Il)WARD~
C,), I.' J 5111 '\).1h.lmn 1nit

. . .. "... ..HV...&h v :>4',,,,,,, u ,.,. ,,~ ,............

~ havc cupi,~d ihi:i Irom 1fIll'xuel copy ll1nl I how. I\(} chal)j;cs havc ~<1n rnade in spdlin~
m p'.l1lctUutk!J(..\ coupk of olwill(J:; t)'pinj,: emir:; wert.' corT('Clcd
l)uvid (j(irlund Edward~; .lum: 200 I