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Evaluation of Perceptual and Cognitive Dysfunction

Neuropsychology

mentation

(1) head injury


(2) stroke
(3) dementia
(4) Parkinsons disease
(5)

Perceptual and Cognitive

visual perception
tactile perception auditory
perception

Cognitive

Cognitive

sensation perceptual
cognitive

bottom-up
approachtop-down approach
Dynamic interaction approach
1. bottom-up approach
deficit-specific approach
attentionmemory

tabletoppen-and-paper
LOTCALowenstein
Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment
LOTCA-G
2. top-down approach
performance
skillsADL

A-ONEArnadottirs OTADL Neurobehavioral Evaluation RKE-RRabideu


Kitchen Evaluation-Revised

3.

ADL

top-down approach

EX
ADL

Dynamic interaction approach

Vygotsky
ZPD
the Zone of Proximal Development
ZPD
Vygotsky

bottom-up
approach

top-down
approach

Dynamic
interaction
approach

EX

1.

2. Aphasia

Brocas aphasia

Wernickes

aphasia

Global aphasia

3. apraxia

4. awareness

A. intellectual awareness
B. emergent awareness

C. anticipatory awareness

intellectual awareness emergent


awareness anticipatory awareness
intellectual awareness

D. anosognosia
lack of self-awarwness intellectual awareness

-
Body Schema Disturbances
body schema 1)
2)
3)

1. Somatoagnosia

A.

B.

C.

2. Finger agnosia

3. Personal neglect,
Unilateral body neglect

A.
B.

C.

1. Point to body parts


ex
ex ex

right-let disorientation
2. Human figure or face
puzzle
3. Drew-a-man

Apraxia

ex

1. Ideomotor apraxia

A. use bady as object

B. spatial errors

C. Timing or sequencing errors

D. Preservative errors

E. Clumsiness
Limb-kinetic apraxia

2.

Ideational apraxia

A. Elements wrong order

B. Omitted or blended

C. Incomplete

D. Objects used inappropriately

Ideomotor apraxia

Ideational apraxia

3. buccofacial apraxia

4. dressing apraxia

5. Alien hand schema

1.

2.
3.
4.

1. general apraxia tests

A. gesture on common

B. imitation of gesture

C. use of an actual object

D. imitation of examiner using the


object

E. gesture comprehension test

2.

LOTCA

Contructional ApraxiaVisuconstructive

Apraxia
2D3D

1. Drawing tasks 2D

A. Rey Rey complex figure test

B. Copying
tast or Free drawing
2. Assembly tasks
A.
2D board designs
stick3D

stick

B. Benten 3D Benten 3D constructional


praxis test

C. LOTCA visumotot organization


test

agnosia

1. visual agnosia

Visual object agnosia


Prosopagnosia

A. Visual object agnosia

B. Prosopagnosia

2. tactile agnosia

3. auditory agnosia

1. object recognition

2. test of face
recognition

3. functional test

4. Stereognosis
test

auditory agnosia

Attention

1. focused attention, alertness

2. sustained attention, vigilance


30

3. selective attention

4. alternating attention, shifting


attention

5. divided attention, mental tracking

1. Vigilance tasks

random letter
test

2. standardized pen-and-paper
tests
A. letter cancellation tasks

B. digiti repetition test


Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence
Scale

C. stroop test

color word conflict test

D. D2 D2 attention test
E.
Test of everyday
attention, TEA

Orientation


1. standardized tests
A. Benton temporal orientation test
B. LOTCA
2. asking question

Memory
take in
storeretrieve
1. sensory memory

2. short-term memory, STM


working memory


memory span G
72

6 7 5
3. long-term memory