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Toyota Motor Corporation, commonly known simply as Toyota, is a multinational corporation headquartered in Japan.

At its peak, Toyota employed approximately 320,000 people worldwide. It is the world's largest automobile maker by sales. The company was founded by Kiichiro Toyoda in 1937 as a spinoff from his father's company Toyota Industries to create automobiles. Three years earlier, in 1934, while still a department of Toyota Industries, it created its first product, the Type A engine, and, in 1936, its first passenger car, the Toyota AA. Toyota also owns and operates Lexus and Scion brands and has a majority shareholding stake in Daihatsu and Hino Motors, and minority shareholdings in Fuji Heavy Industries, Isuzu Motors, Yamaha Motors, and Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation. The company includes 522 subsidiaries. Toyota is headquartered in Toyota City, Aichi and in Tokyo. In addition to manufacturing automobiles, Toyota provides financial services through its Toyota Financial Services division and also builds robots. Toyota Motor Corporation (including Toyota Financial Services) and Toyota Industries form the bulk of the Toyota Group, one of the largest conglomerates in the world.

Company Overview
The Toyota Motor Company received its first Japanese Quality Control Award at the start of the 1980s and began participating in a wide variety of motorsports. Due to the 1973 oil crisis, consumers in the lucrative U.S. market began turning to small cars with better fuel economy. American car manufacturers had considered small economy cars to be an "entry level" product, and their small vehicles employed a low level of quality in order to keep the price low. By the early sixties, the US had begun placing stiff import tariffs on certain vehicles. The Chicken tax of 1964 placed a 25% tax on imported commercials vans. In response to the tariff, Toyota, Nissan Motor Co. and Honda Motor Co. began building plants in the U.S. by the early eighties. In 1982, the Toyota Motor Company and Toyota Motor Sales merged into one company, the Toyota Motor Corporation. Two years later, Toyota entered into a joint venture with General Motors called NUMMI, the New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc, operating an automobilemanufacturing plant in Fremont, California. The factory was an old General Motors plant that had been closed for two years. Toyota then started to establish new brands at the end of the 1980s, with the launch of their luxury division Lexus in 1989. In the 1990s, Toyota began to branch out from producing mostly compact cars by adding many larger and more luxurious vehicles to its lineup, including a full-sized pickup, the T100 (and later the Tundra); several lines of SUVs; a sport version of the Camry, known as the Camry Solara; and the Scion brand, a group of several affordable, yet sporty, automobiles targeted specifically to young adults. Toyota also began production of the world's best-selling hybrid car, the Prius, in 1997.

With a major presence in Europe, due to the success of Toyota Team Europe, the corporation decided to set up TMME, Toyota Motor Europe Marketing & Engineering, to help market vehicles in the continent. Two years later, Toyota set up a base in the United Kingdom, TMUK, as the company's cars had become very popular among British drivers. Bases in Indiana, Virginia and Tianjin were also set up. In 1999, the company decided to list itself on the New York and London Stock Exchanges.

Ethical issues of Toyota


Toyota admits to purposely neglecting safety concerns and delaying recall investigations to save money Toyota has admitted to engaging in unethical behavior when it comes to investigating the safety of its vehicles. An article released by the Associated Press, confirms that Toyota not only dragged its feet when looking into safety defects, but also patted itself on the back for doing so. In a 2009 presentation called, "Wins for Toyota Safety Group," it shows that in 2007, Toyota purposely and repeatedly delayed safety regulations by avoiding defect investigations and obstructing government inquiries into safety concerns. The Associated Press also states, "The new documents show the financial benefit of delay. In the presentation, Toyota said a phase-in to new safety regulations for side airbags saved the company $124 million and 50,000 man hours. Delaying a rule for tougher door locks saved $11 million." In a situation like this it is easy to see that something went wrong, but how can things go so wrong. Toyota is a company that has a mantra of "kaizen," or continuous improvement. Instead they somehow found a way to justify negotiating with the government to make their problems disappear.

However, consumers have found themselves victims of a PR spin game in which Toyota would recall a limited amount of vehicles at certain times of the year to avoid a massive recall. At the same time, Toyota was producing new vehicles with known safety flaws and advertising their vehicles to be the safest and highest quality vehicles on the road. A further look into the documents reveals several other reports entitled "Wins for Toyota & Industry," including "favorable recall outcomes," "secured safety rulemaking favorable to Toyota" and "vehicles not in climate legislation." Another page lists "key safety issues," including "Sudden acceleration on ES/Camry, Tacoma, LS, etc." What this goes to show is that Toyota conspired with NHTSA, the government department responsible for crash test ratings, to falsely improve Toyota's safety record while hiding the fact that NHTSA and the Department of Transportation were neither adequately staffed nor compensated to deal with influx of safety concerns raised by consumers.

The larger problem with this scandal is that it has created a precedent for corruption and unethical behavior when it comes to the safety of vehicles that so many of us use and depend upon everyday. We now have a situation, in which we must now question the validity of all safety scores given out not only to Toyota vehicles but to all motor vehicles. Every company that engineers and manufactures a product strives to save costs, so this doesn't blow us away. What does shock us is how irresponsible and uncaring the U.S. government that we employ to represent and serve us, continues to f*ck us over. This problem is reminiscent of what tobacco companies did to smokers during the latter half of the last century. Tell the consumer your product is safe, make them feel at ease while using it, and derail the government and whistle-blowers who are trying to show just how dangerous your product is.