Traditional Malay House

Pulau Duyong, Terengganu

Owner: Wan Zakiah Wan Long

Outline
 Brief introduction on context of the building  Significance of the building

 Important facts of the building being measured
 Objective of measuring the building

Brief introduction of the context of the building

Terengganu   Overlooks the South China Sea on the east side of Malaysia Famed for fishing activity and boat making industry .

remaining are Indians and foreigners  People live in harmony although they are from different races .Social context  Villagers mostly work as fishermen and boat makers  90% Malay. 5% Chinese.

Economic context  Fishing industry  Food industry – Keropok Lekor and dried fish  Boat building industry  Handicraft industry – Batik and Wau  Offshore oil installation (current) .

Cultural context  History of boat building  Traditional handicrafts – Wau and Batik  Traditional costumes – Songket  Wood carving  Traditional musical and game instruments .

Pulau Duyong   There was a port which made the state as a marine entreport Traders from various countries brought in foreign influence to the state .

Social Context  The society is fully made up of Malays who work as fishermen and boat maker  The place was once a popular spot for tourists and temporary lodgers .

keropok lekor.Economic Context  Boat building industry – it takes about () years to produce a boat and it can be sold as much as 6 millions ringgit  Five star resort . nasi dagang. “Ri-yaz Heritage Marina Resort & Spa” as a tourism destination  Traditional wood  Local food . sate .

Cultural Context  Renowned for its traditional wooden boats (bangau) constructed by expert craftsmen  Famed for the artistic performance  Nazam  Marhaban  Dikir Rebana Besar  Traditional practice is still prominent  ritual for a safe delivery (melenggang perut)  ritual of opening themouth (membelah mulut)  ritual of shaving head .

culture and social context .Monsoon cup  Held by Dato Seri Ahmad Badawi  Has influence in economy.

Significance of the building .

Brief Introduction Of Traditional Malay House The style of Malay house varies from state to state. only those in Terengganu are given main concern. Here. .

Characteristics that distinguish Terengganu Malay house from other states:  Five-roof-house  Fascia board .

people normally describe the size of a house by the number of posts holding up the roof structure of which the house consists. while the bigger type with twelve posts is called `Rumah Tiang Dua Belas'.In Terengganu. . A house with six supporting pillars or posts is called "Rumah Tiang Enam'.

. culture and environmental factors as part of the overall design and layout.Design Concept The concept of space for a traditional Malay house is more bended towards functionality of space as well as adopting the religion.

Exterior The concept of anthropomorphism Light weight construction Exclusion of open and bright area Interior -defined interior spaces -openness -intricate carved components .

Important facts of the building being measured .

the land which cannot be sold and can only rented . a local villager  Has 60-70 years of history  Located within ‘tanah pusaka ‘. Built by Tok Su.

patterned and decorated. The house is rarely adorned. The owner of the studied house worked as a teacher who leaded a simple life. indicates the simplicity of his life when he was still alive   . In Malay traditional houses. the economic status of house owner is reflected by the degree of the house being hand-crafted.

.A unique feature of the traditional Malay houses of Terengganu is the absence of nails in their construction.

Another strong feature which the traditional Terengganu houses shares those of China. . India and Java. the most obvious is the uniform practice Of raising the buildings on pillars several feet above the ground.

. a high. steeply sloped roof and a single ridge with a ridge cover running the length of the house.Another strong feature which the traditional Trengganu houses shares with those in Cambodia and Thailand is the tiered roof.

1.  `Rumah Ibu'. the main part of the house used mainly for family living and sleeping. the kitchen and dining area. .  `Dapor'. The house structure and its relationship with all the spaces •The house has a very simple basic layout. It consists of three main areas:  `Serambi' or`Selasar'. the reception area.

.Different floor levels indicating the room functions and also giving a sense of spatial transition in the building.

bedding materials and sleeping mats are rolled up and stored during the day to eliminate the need for separate living and sleeping quarters. .The need for furniture is minimal because most activities take place on the floor.

the Malays have adopted the Islamic principles of orientation of mosques.As Muslims. particularly the prayer halls which have to be designed and faced towards Mecca. .

.There is a mosque situated opposite the house showing the close relationship between the inhabitants and the mosque.

There is fence after the entrance. surround the a small open space skirted with minor vegetation. .

2. Guests are seated in living room and served with simple refreshments . The relationship between daily life and architecture of the building • • • • As an teacher. There are framed Islamic Calligraphy hung on the wall The house owner honored his memorable moments in life by hanging photos on the wall. The family is devoted to Islam. the owner of the house spent his time at the house after his teaching session.

The core unit (ibu rumah). The kitchen and toilet are located on the exterior.The owner’s life style is rather modest and there are no fancy ornaments or luxurious elements at the house. is the basic living unit for the small family. . The spaces in the house are basic and straight forward.

To study the original design idea   Understand how the design goes with consideration towards culture.3. religion. climate. Understand the concept of the building which contributes to its form and architectural significance . social influence etc.

added after few years (windows at living area) -The toilet and a bedroom is extension of the house built according to the growing need of owner.4. the development of the building is recorded  Architectural intention behind the development process can be observed and studied . -Kitchen is also renovated to have a larger area.  With measuring work and drawings taken. To understand the changes and development of building -Initially there is no glass window.  The building had gone through some renovations as time goes by.

5. To provide a systematic construction plans for future use .

Materials  Timber -low thermal capacity -easily obtained within the context -strong construction material     Asbestos roof Singgora tiles Iron mangories Bricks Reminder: the round thingy on the roof with (mirror? Glass?) is to exorcist evil power. .

use of measuring tools.Conclusion -Learn lot of ways to record information. importance of groupwork and improve digital skills - to translate all the data to measured drawing. to translate all the data to record during the trip onto measured drawing and documentation -to appreciate the Malay culture - .

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