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The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kazakh Ablai Khan University of International Relations and

World Languages

PROJECT: TRADITIONS AND HOLIDAYS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND NORTHERN IRELAND

FAC ULTY : TR ANS LAT ION AND P HILO LOGY DIS C IP LIN E : S OC IAL, P OLIT IC A L AND C ULT UR AL AS P E C T S OF THE TAR GET LANGUAGE AND T HE R K S T UDE NT : ZHAM ALBE K K GR OUP : 107

Traditions and holidays
Aim of project :To study traditions and holidays of The United Kingdom and Northern Ireland. Topicality : Nowadays people are learning English. But in order we need to begin with traditions and holidays of this nation. Objective : 1. find and study the relevant material 2. study and analyze the existing information 3. define : a. what is the tradition and holiday? 4. acquainted with the traditions and holidays of The United Kingdom and Northern Ireland 5. make a conclusion

Content
I. II. What is the tradition and holiday? Acquainted with the traditions and holidays of The United Kingdom and Northern Ireland: Spring : a. St .David’s Day b. April fool’s Day c. May Day Summer : a. The Trooping of the Colour b. Highland Games c. Swan Upping Autumn : a. The State Opening of Parliament b. Halloween c. Guy Fawkes’ Day Winter: a. Christmas Day b. Up-Helly- Aa c. St. Valentine’s Day

What is the tradition and holiday?
Tradition is a belief or behavior passed down within a group or society with symbolic meaning or special significance with origins in the past. Holiday is a day on which a festival religious event or national celebration is traditionally observed.

Introduction

So many countries so many customs
Every nation and every country has its own traditions and holidays. Traditions make a nation special. Some of them are oldfashioned and many people remember them, others are part of people’s life. Some British holidays and traditions are known all the world.

Spring
St. David's Day March 1st is a very important day for Welsh people. It's St David's Day. He's the "patron" or national saint of Wales. On March 1st, the Welsh celebrate St David's Day and wear daffodils in the buttonholes of their coats or jackets

Spring
April fool’s Day April 1st is April fool’s Day in Britain. This is a very old tradition from the middle Ages (between the fifth and fifteenth centuries). At that time the servants were masters for one day of the year. They gave orders to their masters, and their masters had to obey. Now April fool’s Day is different. It's a day for jokes and tricks

Spring
May Day May 1st was an important day in the middle Ages. In the very early morning, young girls went to the fields and washed their faces with dew. They believed this made them very beautiful for a year after that. Also on May Day the young men of each village tried to win prizes with their bows and arrows, and people danced round the maypole.

Summer
The Trooping of the Colour The Queen is the only person in Britain with two birthdays. Her real birthday is on April 21st, but she has an "official" birthday, too. That's on the second Saturday in June. And on the Queen's official birthday, there is a traditional ceremony called the Trooping of the Colour. It's a big parade with brass bands and hundreds of soldiers at Horse Guards' Parade in London. A "regiment" of the Queen's soldiers, the Guards, march in front of her. At the front of the parade is the regiment's flag or "colour".

Summer
Highland Games In summer Scottish people traditionally meet together for competition called Highland Games. After Queen Victoria visited the games at Braemar in 1848 . The Braemar games became the most famous tradition in Scotland . Today thousands of visitors come to see sports like tossing the caber (when a tall pole is thrown into the air as a test of strength ) or throwing the hammer The games always include Scottish dancing and bagpipe music.

Summer
Swan Upping Here’s a very different royal tradition. On the River Thames there are hundreds of swans . A lot of these beautiful white birds belongs, to the King or Queen . The Queen’s swan keeper goes, in a boat , from London Bridge to Henley. He looks at all the young swans and marks the royal ones. The name of this tradition is Swan Upping.

Autumn
The State Opening of Parliament Parliament, not the Royal Family, controls modern Britain. But traditionally the Queen opens Parliament every autumn. She travels from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of Parliament in a gold carriage - the Irish State Coach. At the Houses of Parliament the Queen sits on a “throne” in the House of Lords. Then she reads the “Queen's Speech”. At State Opening of Parliament the Queen wears a crown. She wears other jewels from the Crown Jewels .

Autumn
Halloween  October 31  A pagan festival celebrates the return of the souls that visit their former houses.  People dress up as witches, ghosts etc.

 Houses are decorated with pumpkins.

Autumn
November 5th is Guy Fawkes Day in Britain. All over the country people build wood fires or “bonfires”, in their gardens. On top of each bonfire is a guy. That's a figure of Guy Fawkes.

Winter

Christmas Day December 25 Religious ceremony commemorating the birth of Christ. Children wake up early to find presents in their stockings. Traditional Christmas tree and dinner.

Winter
People in the Shetlands remember the Vikings with a festival. They call the festival "Up-Helly-Aa".Every winter the people of Lerwick, a town in the Shetlands, make a model of a ship. It's a Viking "long-ship", with the head of a dragon at the front. Then, on Up-Helly-Aa night in January, the Shetlanders dress in Viking clothes. They carry the ship through the town to the sea. There they burn it.

Winter
St. Valentine’s Day February 14 Was started in the time of Roman Empire. Is dedicated to St. Valentine. People send a card to someone they love, like, fancy or admire.

Conclusion
The aim of my project is to study traditions and holidays of The United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, I achieved all objectives that I set.In conclusion I want to say that we cannot really imagine Britain without all its traditions, this integral feature of social and private life of the people living on the British Isles that has always been an important part of their life and work. There are numerous royal traditions in Britain, some are ancient, some are modern. But they are proud of all of their traditions and holidays and carefully keep them.

Literature
1.Ощепкова В.В. “Britain in Brief” изд. «Лист» г. Москва 1999г.; 2.Рис-Пармен “Christmas”, журнал «Англия» №69 стр. 113-119; 3.Усова Г.С. “British history” изд. «Лань» г. С.-Петербург 1999г.; 4.Хишунина Т.Н. “Customs, traditions and holidays in Britain” изд. «Просвещение» г.С.-Петербург 1975г.; 5.Цветкова И.В. «Английский для поступающих в вузы» изд. «Глосса» г. Москва 1997г.; 6.Цветкова И.В. журнал «Speak out» изд. «Глосса» г. Тула 1997г. стр.2-8. 7. Стивен Раблей “Customs and traditions in Britain” изд. “Longman Group”, ИК, 1996г.;

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