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Hydraulic Motors

Lecture 6

Motor Types   Hydraulic motors are used to turn hydraulic power into rotary motion Several types of hydraulic motors:      Gear Motors Vane Motors Gerotor Motors Radial Piston Motors In-line Piston Motors .

Gear Motors     These motors are built like a gear pump Contains a drive gear and a driven gear Gear motors often contain special passages from the gland area to the return side of the motor to prevent seal failure Sometimes they use check balls to prevent high pressure fluid from feeding back into the gland .

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Gear Motor Checks       Similar to gear pumps Check for wear on the gears. and housing Check for clearance between the wear plates and the gears Check clearance between the gears Check shaft seal and shaft Check any anti-feedback check balls .

Vane Motors    Similar in operation to vane pumps Most vane motors have spring clips behind the vanes to keep them in contact with the cam ring Cam ring must be turned over to reverse direction .

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Vane Motor Checks       Similar to vane pumps Check for wear on the rotor and vanes Check for clearance between the end plates and the rotor Check wear on cam ring Check shaft seal and shaft Check vane springs .

Gerotor Motors    Uses an internal gear that rides inside a gear The rotor has 1 tooth less than the external gear The rotor is offset to the center of the motor and travels in a orbital fashion .

they are a low speed-high torque motor Many gerotor motors use rollers on the lobes of the external gear to lower the friction caused by the rotor lobes hitting the external gear lobes Clearances in gerotor motors are between .001” .000” to .Gerotor Motor Types    Because of the way they are designed.

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special valves are used In the smaller types. the valve is at the end of the drive coupling and rotates with the rotor (sliding valve) .Gerotor Valving    Because the flow of fluid must be constantly altered. the valves are built into the output shaft (rotary valve) In the larger motors.

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Gerotor Motor Checks       Check for wear on the valve assembly (sliding or rotary) Check for clearance between the end plates and the rotor Check wear on drive coupling teeth Check shaft seal and shaft Check thrust bearings Check for clearance between the rotor and external gear (or rollers) .

Radial Piston Motor     Newest type of motor Uses pistons which are placed around a crankshaft Produce higher torque than gerotor motors Require special valves on the shaft .

Radial Piston Motor Checks       Check for wear on the valve assembly Check for clearance between the piston and cylinder Check wear on crankshaft drum Check shaft seal and shaft Check connecting rods Check output shaft bearings for wear .

In-Line Piston Motor     The most efficient type of high speed motor Can be fixed displacement or variable displacement Requires a case drain for internal leakage Tight tolerances require high filtration .

In-Line Piston Motor Checks       Similar to radial motor checks Check for clearance between the piston and cylinder Check wear on piston slippers Check shaft seal and shaft Check case drain output for excessive leakage Check output shaft bearings for wear .

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