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Civil Rights and Discrimination

Chapter 12, Section 1 Social Studies (Grade 6) Lecture Notes for 02/03/2014 to 02/07/2014 Mr. Haywood

O (6c) Analyze political and social

impacts of civil rights movements throughout the history of the United States (e.g., demonstrations, individual and group resistance, organizing efforts, and collective action/unity). (DOK 3)

Common Core State Standard

Literacy.RH.6-8.1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.

O Discrimination: The practice of

treating people unfairly based on their race, national origin, sex, religion, age, or other factors. O Prejudice: A negative opinion formed with just grounds O Racism: Discrimination and unfair treatment based on race

O Reservation: An area of public

land set aside by the government for Native Americans O Japanese American internment: the mandatory relocation of all people of Japanese descent on the West Coast to War Relocation Centers in 1942

Civil Rights in the United States
O Civil rights are rights that deal with equal

status and treatment of all people. O They protect people from discrimination. O Civil rights protect people’s rights to participate in government, such as voting and running for office. O In the United States, civil rights are protected by the law.

O Such laws are found in the Constitution

and its amendments, federal and state laws, and Supreme Court decisions. O Society’s idea of fair and equal treatment has changed over the years, and women and ethnic and racial minorities have successfully fought for the rights to vote, participate in government, and be free from discrimination.

A Pattern of Discrimination
O In the past centuries, the U.S. government

operated with prejudice toward certain groups. O Enslaved for over 250 years, African Americans received horrible treatment for much of U.S. history. O Until the 1860s, many U.S. citizens – and the U.S. government – considered African Americans to be property and therefore unequal to whites.

O After the Civil War, the Thirteenth

Amendment abolished slavery. Soon afterward, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments granted former slaves citizenship and the right to vote. O Yet African Americans continued to suffer unfair treatment for decades, as attacks, new state laws, and court rulings produced new forms of discrimination.

O Native Americans were long denied equality

and civil rights. O Throughout the 1800s, the U.S. government repeatedly violated land treaties it made with Native Americans. O Eventually the government forced from their traditional lands onto reservations. O Native Americans were often prevented from speaking their native languages, raising their own children, or following their traditional ways of life.

O Asian Americans also dealt with

discrimination, O The U.S. denied the Chinese employment housing, and access to public services. O Chinese immigrations was even temporarily banned in 1882. O Japanese immigration was halted in the early 1900s.

O From 1942 until the end of World War II,

all people of Japanese descent on the West Coast were forced into War relocation centers. O The U.S. government sometimes took land from Hispanic Americans and made them live apart from each other. O Women were denied equal treatment for many years.

O Many people in society – and the

Supreme Court – thought that women should remain in the home. O They were not allowed to vote or work in many jobs. O Until 1920, when they won the right to vote, women could not actively participate in government.