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KESEIMBANGAN PARTIKEL (2D)

Equilibrium of a Particle (2-D) Today’s Objectives: Students will be able to : a) Draw a free body diagram (FBD). and. For a given cable strength. b) Apply equations of equilibrium to solve a 2-D problem. what is the maximum weight that can be lifted ? .

Free Body Diagram (FBD) (2-D) .

for a particle in equilibrium. the net force at A is zero. written in a scalar form. They can be used to solve for up to two unknowns. F = 0 or Fx i + Fy j = 0 = 0 i + 0 j (A vector equation) Or. These are two scalar equations of equilibrium (EofE). Fx = 0 and Fy = 0 .Equations of Equilibrium (2-D) Since particle A is in equilibrium. So FAB + FAD + FAC = 0 or F = 0 In general.

EXAMPLE Note : Engine mass = 250 Kg FBD at A Write the scalar EofE: + Fx = TB cos 30º – TD = 0 + Fy = TB sin 30º – 2. we get: TD = 4.25 kN .452 kN = 0 Solving the second equation gives: TB = 4.90 kN From the first equation.

Apply the EofE to solve for the forces in ropes AB and AC. Draw a FBD for point A.Problem Solving (2-D) F = 600 N Given: The car is towed at constant speed by the 600 N force and the angle is 25°. Plan: 1. . 2. θ= 25o Find: The forces in the ropes AB and AC.

+ Fx = FAC cos 30° – FAB cos 25° = 0 + Fy = -FAC sin 30° – FAB sin 25° + 600 = 0 Solving the above equations.Problem Solving (2-D) F = 600 N 600 N A θ= 25o FBD at point A 30° 25° FAB FAC Applying the scalar EofE at A. we get. FAB = 634 N FAC = 664 N . we get.

What is the tension in the rope? . In a ship-unloading operation.6 kN automobile is supported by a cable. a 15. • Determine the unknown force magnitudes. A rope is tied to the cable and pulled to center the automobile over its intended position.Example SOLUTION: • Construct a free-body diagram for the particle at the junction of the rope and cable.

Plan: 1.EXAMPLE Given: Sack A weighs 20 N. 3. Repeat this process at C. . and geometry is as shown. Apply EofE at Point E to solve for the unknowns (TEG & TEC). Find: Forces in the cables and weight of sack B. 2. Draw a FBD for Point E.

The scalar EofE are: + Fx = TEG sin 30º – TEC cos 45º = 0 + Fy = TEG cos 30º – TEC sin 45º – 20 N = 0 Solving these two simultaneous equations for the two unknowns yields: TEC = 38.6 N .EXAMPLE (continued) A FBD at E should look like the one to the left. Note the assumed directions for the two cable tensions.6 N TEG = 54.

2 N and WB = 47.64 cos 45 – (4/5) TCD = 0 Fy = (3/5) TCD + 38. A FBD for C should look like the one to the left.64 sin 45 – WB = 0 Solving the first equation and then the second yields TCD = 34.8 N . .EXAMPLE (continued) Now move on to ring C. The scalar EofE are: Fx = 38.

(Choose the most appropriate answer) A) a constant B) a positive number C) zero D) a negative number E) an integer. A) T1 > T2 B) T1 = T2 C) T1 < T2 D) T1 = T2 sin .READING QUIZ 1) When a particle is in equilibrium. 2) For a frictionless pulley and cable. the sum of forces acting on it equals ___ . tensions in the cable (T1 and T2) are related as _____ .

the sum of forces in the x-direction ( FX) is ___ . A) F2 sin 50° – 20 = 0 B) F2 cos 50° – 20 = 0 F2 20 N C F1 50° C) F2 sin 50° – F1 = 0 D) F2 cos 50° + 20 = 0 . Use a sign convention of + . Using this FBD of Point C.ATTENTION QUIZ 3.

tentukan harga P dan jarak a .SOAL TANTANGAN a b C 10 m B 5m P A 80 kg 40 kg Jika b = 4 m.

TERIMA KASIH .

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