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Motion is a change
in position relative to
a frame of reference

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You are on page 1of 25

PRESENTED BY :

ANMOL KUMAR

IX-G, 20

ARMY PUBLIC SCHOOL

Frames of Reference

Object or point from which motion is

determined

Most common is the

Earth

Motion is a change

in position relative to

a frame of reference

What is motion?

walks by you, are you moving relative to your

friend?

Is your friend moving relative to you?

Is either of you moving relative to the earth?

Answer:

your friend is moving relative to you!

You are not moving relative to the earth,

but your friend is. You are both moving

relative to the sun!

What is motion?

together at the same speed, in the same direction,

are you moving relative to your friend?

Is your friend moving relative

to you?

Are either of you moving

relative to the Earth?

Answer:

friend, and your friend is NOT moving

relative to you. You both are moving

relative to the earth.

Speed

Speed = Distance Time

D_

S T

Example: A car travels 300km in 6 hours.

What is the speed of the car?

Answer:

Speed

= distance time

Speed = 300km 6 hours

Speed = 50km/hr

More practice

800km/hr for 9 hours?

2. How long does it take a ship to go

500 km if it travels at a speed of

50km/hr?

Answer

1.

D

S

D

800 9

800km 9hrs = 7200km

hr

Answer

2.

T

500

50 T

hr

Velocity

Speed

What

in a given direction.

travels from St. Peter to Mankato

(10 miles) in 15 minutes?

Answer

Speed

= distance time

Speed = 10 miles 15 minutes

Speed = 0.67 mi/min

Velocity = 0.67 mi/min South

0.67mi/min

40

mi/hr

x 60min/hr =

Distance-time graphs

D (m)

0

5

10

15

T (sec)

0

7

14

21

A

straight line indicates constant

speed.

In constant speed, the object

does not speed up or slow down.

The acceleration is zero.

D (m)

0

5

20

45

80

125

T (s)

0

1

2

3

4

5

0 1 2 3 4 5

A

distance-time graph shows that

the object is accelerating

Distance-time graphs

shown in the

graph.

constant speed:

(25 m/sec);

From 8-12 sec,

no motion;

From 12-16 sec,

acceleration;

From 16-20 sec,

constant speed

Speed-time graphs

last frame, draw a speed time graph. First

fill in the table below:

Average Speed (m/s)

25

____

0

____

37.5

____

Time (sec)

0 to 8

8 to 12

12 to 20

Constant

speed will be a

horizontal line on a speed time

graph.

If the speed decreases, the line

will slant down.

If the speed increases, the line

will slant up.

graphs depict?

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