Group Members:
 Fahad

Sami.  Muhammad Danish.  Nawab Kamal Kumar.  Syed Alay Raza Naqvi.


Topics to be covered..
         

What does dream means ? Introduction. History of dreams. Mechanism of dreaming. Dream theories. Where do dreams come from and why? What does dreams provide? Dreams in different colors. Types of dreams. Conclusion / Logic relate to dreams.


What does dream means?

series of images, ideas, emotions, and sensations occurring unwillingly in the mind during certain stages of sleep. can help us find solutions to our daily problems.

 Dreams


 In

our dreams, we can go anywhere, we can be anybody, and we can do anything. we dream, we are like passengers on a moving train, unable to control our actions and choose surroundings.

 When


 Dreaming

is a part of life everyone dreams, even unborn babies dream in their mother’s womb.

 Dreams

are not only seen by humans but it is also seen by animals.  Blind and deaf people also dream their dream based on their other senses.


 Research

has shown that the house is the most common setting for dreams.  Dreams are not always true but sometime they may be.  We spend about one third of our lives in sleeping. During a portion of that time, we are also dreaming.


History of dreams:
  

The concept of dreams is almost 3000 – 4000 B.C old. Dreams interpretations are mentioned in bible and many other holy books. Dreams 1st comes from the ancient Greek and Roman. They thought these were the messages sent by their Gods. Then it comes from ancient Egypt. In Egypt there were many interpreters of dreams and it was source of their income. Those interpreters are considered as Holy people.


Mechanism of dreaming:
 Dreaming

takes place during REM (Rapid Eye Movement).  REM sleep is the fourth stage of sleep and accounts for 15-20% of your sleep time.  During REM, heartbeat ,blood pressure and brain activity increases your muscles remain completely relaxed, but you are completely still. This is commonly known as "REM Paralysis".



Sigmund Freud’s theory
 Sigmund

Freud (1856-1939) said that our dreams were based on the activities that we do all day long which are combined with our wishes.


Carl jung’s theory.

Carl Jung (1875-1961) explained the dreams as a result of personal experience also associated with collective conscious. He was the one who said that the dreamer could interpret the dreams by forming combined image of all the dreams and finding the common element among them.


Alfred Adler’s theory.

Alfred Adler (1870 -1937) explains dreams as a problem solving device which are co-related with the problems in our daily life to get control over our lives and believed in the interpretation of dreams to better understand and solve the problem


Further Research and theories.
 Dreams

are Random impulses (Hobson & McCarley )  Dreams help to organize brain.  Dreams help to solve problem. ( Fiss )  Dreams help to cope with trauma.


Where Do Dreams Come From and Why?
Following are two concepts of dreams:

General Concept: The dreams usually comes from two sources. Dreams can be a product of our own imaginations. For example : If you are watching horror films, then dreams might be related to your own imagination through which you feel some fear. Dreams can come from God. For example : In the shape of Istakhara.

2) Scientific Concept:

Dreams come from your soul and are intended to help you progress along your life path. In sleep the focus of the physical world and the body is on hold and during this period your soul has a perfect opportunity to dialogue with your conscious mind... or so it would appear. Why dreams come, because the main problem here is that the subconscious never sleeps.


What Does Dreams Provide?
 Dreams

provide relax to us.  Dreams also finish our anger and stress of the day.  Dreams keep our mind strong and also give freshness.  Dreams provide solution of many problems.  Dreams also provide some warning about events that may occur in future.

Dreams in Different Colors:

Most people do dream in color, but some may not notice colors in their dreams. we sometimes fail to notice colors in our dreams. Dreams become lighter so quickly from our memory when we wake up . If we try to recall the dream we only see a blur image. Dreams in black and white can be an indication of a depressed or sadden mood. For Example: But if you saw a colorful dream, so it means your power of imagination is good. Some people said that the person who seen colorful dreams his eyesight will never low.


Types of dreams


Recurring dreams:

Dreams repeated frequently forces you to pay

 

attention something about yourself. Once you have found a solution to it, your recurring dreams will stop. These dreams may recur daily, once a week, or once a month with little variation in content. Such dreams highlighting a personal weakness, fear, or your inability to cope with something in your life - past or present.


Epic dreams:
  

The dream is extremely vivid and memorable. The details of such dreams remain with you for years as if you dreamt it last night. You feel like you have discovered something amazing about yourself or the world. For example: If you financially helped someone, and in dream you thought about that person that how he or she is.


lucid dreams:
 Lucid

dreams give you the ability to control your own dreams and steer them toward the direction you want.  In these dreams you know you are dreaming. For example: some athletes utilize their lucid dreams to practice their tennis serve, golf stroke or bat swing.


Signal Dreams:
 Signal

dreams give indications help us how to solve problems or make decisions in our waking life.


Healing dreams:
  

These dreams serve messages in regards to health. Your bodies are able to communicate to your mind through dreams. They serve as messages in relations to our health. For example: If you have a toothache, and you slept while ignoring it, so your dreams might be related to your teeth.

The Nightmares:
   

Many people are troubled by frightening commonly known as nightmares. Young children about 3-7 often suffer from nightmares. Sometimes nightmares serve to warn you about your health or an accident. They are also come to adults. For example: dream contain soldiers in war, and rescue workers from nightmare or criminal etc.


The Prophetic Dream:
 Prophetic

dreams are also known as precognitive dreams, and the people experiencing these dreams have the ability to use them to predict the future.  This is mainly used by the interpreters who forecast the future.  People thought that these dreams are always true, but this was wrong.


The Daydream:
  

Daydreaming occurs when you are semiawake. They are helpful in the understanding of your true feelings and in fulfilling your goals. In this you are accessing your right brain, which is the creative and feminine side of your personality. It relieves stress, improves attitude, fosters creativity and refresh the mind, body, and spirit.


False Awakening Dreams:
 Have

you ever thought you have waken up and gone about your daily morning routine: getting up, brushing your teeth, eating breakfast and going to work, only to wake up "again" and realize that what just happened is just a dream. That sensation is referred to as a false awakening.


Conclusion / Logic Relate to Dreams:
         

Dream is a set of mental process which we see daily. As we all know that logic depends on correct thinking. Dreams are also related to our thinking. So, we conclude that logic is related to thinking and thinking is related to dreams. LOGIC >> THINKING >> DREAMS. The 2nd reason is that: Logic also deals with our mental processes. And mental processes deal with our conscious and subconscious mind. Dreams are our inner feelings of mental processes. And Dreams usually comes through our subconscious mind, because the subconscious never sleeps.

 Dream

research offers many theories but still no definite answer to the question, why do we dream? Scientists generally seem to agree that dreaming is a form of thinking during sleep.  Dreams are a mixed bag. The truth is, science still doesn't answer logic behind dreaming.




Thank You!! Z ZZ


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