You are on page 1of 13

Passive voice

Onde est a nfase da frase?


Matt Groening created
The Simpsons.

A nfase est no sujeito da frase (a pessoa / coisa que faz a ao).

Agora, onde est a nfase da


frase?
The Simpsons was created by
Matt Groening.

A nfase est no objeto da sentena (a pessoa / coisa que sofreu


a ao). Neste caso, o objeto torna-se o sujeito.

ACTIVE

X PASSIVE

Matt Groening created The Simpsons.

The Simpsons was created by Matt Groening.

Active voice
O sujeito de uma frase a pessoa
ou coisa sobre quem falamos.
Quando o sujeito faz algo, ns
usamos ACTIVE VOICE
Active verb ( it can be in diff. tenses)
Subject (doer)

Many people watch The Simpsons.


Object (receiver)

Passive voice
utilizado quando quando o sujeito
no o feitor de uma ao.
Ns colocamos o receptor de uma
ao como sujeito.
Ns colocamos o feitor de uma
ao como objeto.
Subject ( receiver)

Passive verb
Object (Doer)
(It can be in diff. tenses)

The Simpsons is watched by


many people.

The form of passive voice


-It is formed by: be + past participle
Active
Passive
Collect is/are collected
Perform is/are performed
Decorate
was/were decorated
See
have/has been seen
Know
will be known
Burn
is/are burnt

Columbus discovered America


America was discovered by Columbus

eople drink chimarro in Rio Grande do Sul.

is drunk by people in Rio Grande do Sul

Cervantes wrote Don Quixote


Don Quixote was written by Cervantes

WHY USE PASSIVE VOICE?

We dont know the subject of the action (doer)

That house was burnt down

We know the subject of the action but do not want


to mention it, for whatever the reason
The Ming vase was badly broken, Im sorry mum.

We are more interested in the action itself than in


the doer.

Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming

Interrogative sentence in the


passive

Note:
Como voc pode ter notado, os auxiliares do, does e did no so
usados na passiva.