The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) was
established under the National Accountability
Ordinance (NAO) 1999. Being Pakistan's apex anti-
corruption organization NAB has been mandated with
the responsibility of elimination of corruption through
a holistic approach of Awareness, Prevention and
Enforcement. It covers the whole of Pakistan including
areas which are part of Federal and Provincial
Administered Tribal Areas. It takes cognizance of all
offences falling within the NAO against holders of
public office and other persons.


2. The core values of NAB are:- a) Integrity b) Honor c) Dedication d) Dependability e) Judgment f)Tact g) Courage h) Proactive i) Justice 2 .

inclusive and progressive. prosecution.Vision: National Accountability Bureau aims to be a credible. Objectives: Short Term: Setting in motion systemic improvements that will strengthen the national integrity system and the people against corruption. which is holistic. Mandate: To take cognizance of acts constituting offences of corruption and corrupt practices. eradication of corruption and corrupt practices and hold accountable accused persons and matters ancillary thereto. Long Term: The elimination of corruption by engaging all the stakeholders in the fight against corruption. comprehensive and progressive 3 . awareness and prevention. efficient and dynamic anticorruption organization creating an enabling environment for a corruption free society by engaging all stakeholders in the fight against corruption through a program which is holistic. through a programme. Mission: To eliminate corruption through a comprehensive approach encompassing enforcement. effective.

  Awareness: Awareness is aimed at correcting ill habits of Society through education and character building so as to build public opinion and a will to eradicate corruption and corrupt practices. The new anti corruption realization will be owned by all sectors of society. NAB is conducting following activities for awareness against corruption: • TV Talk Shows • Radio Programs • Walks • Lectures • Seminars • Workshops • Advertisements in leading English / Urdu newspapers. • Newsletters • Essay Writing Competitions • Declamation Contests • Poster / Painting Competitions 4 . Under the mandate given under section 33 C (a) (b) of NAO 1999.

• Installation of permanent bill boards carrying anti corruption slogans at prominent points. • Publication of procedure for lodging a complaint in NAB on the Bill Board. • In commemoration of Anti Corruption Day (9th December). TV Talk Shows. • Holding of seminars in a year for different segments of societies.e. colleges and universities level. walks. declamation contests. holding of different activities i. display of posters / Banners and publication of Special Supplements in the newspapers. across the country.• Character Building of future generation through establishment of Character Building Societies (CBS) at schools. • Printing NAB’s message on Utility Bills. 5 . seminars. • Dissemination of anti-corruption messages through mobile phone messaging in addition to electronic media. with active participation of NGOs and UN offices to ensure greater visibility and effectiveness.

6 . The pre tendering procurement processes are to be made rule compliant for fair play and transparency. i) Project Evaluation Under the provisions of Section 33-B the NAB has been entrusted with the responsibility to evaluate contracts worth Rs.50 Million or more. Under Pre- Procurement Regime.Prevention: The prevention operations involve examination of the system and procedures of administration and stopping the corruption from happening through a mechanism of timely intervention. prevention committees are constituted for reformation in the regulatory mechanism. NAB has to intervene promptly in the area of ‘about to happen’. ii) Prevention Committees (33C of NAO) Under the mandate of Section 33C. The mandate is to look into the rules and regulations of Provincial as well as Federal departments and suggest doable recommendations in coordination with the concerned department.

judiciously and transparently.Enforcement: The operational procedures of NAB have been evolved with a view to lay down unambiguous criteria for an objective and transparent assessment of cases. Combined Investigation Team (CIT): To inquire / investigate the cases of corruption. member of the public or on its own accord. The operational procedures comprise following stages: Receipt of complaints: Section 18 of the NAO stipulates that NAB can take cognizance on receipt of a complaint from the appropriate government department or agency. 7 . the concept of Combined Investigation Team (CIT) is implied and enforced in NAB. Preliminary examination / probe (Complaint Verification): The complaint is examined by relevant experts in order to determine the nature of the offence and the possibility of taking cognizance under the NAO.

The investigator collects evidence and prepares report according to the law. If accused is a government servant. Accused is offered the option of Voluntary Return (VR) at this stage. The investigation process entails interviewing of accused. In order to execute arrest following tools are also adopted: • Placement on Exit Control List (ECL) • Issuing of Red Notice • Extradition through INTERPOL 8 . recording of witness statements. concerned department is informed. Arrest of accused: Section 24 of NAO empowers Chairman NAB to issue Warrant of Arrest of accused. The option of Plea Bargain (PB) is available to the accused at this stage.Inquiry: During this stage. collection and examination of evidentiary material. Investigation: Investigation is advanced stage. which is authorized after scrutiny of evidence and discussion with experts (financial as well as legal). formal evidence is collected according to law to determine whether there is sufficient evidence to incriminate the accused.

Priority of cognizance of cases: Cases are prioritized by adopting a priority matrix. Freezing of assets: Sec 12 of NAO empowers NAB and Court to freeze property. name of an accused is placed on ECL through Ministry of Interior on request of NAB. the profile of accused and amount of corruption money involved. assets and bank9 . accepting / rejection of PB/VR application and reference filing are being taken in the Executive Board. Priority is assigned on the basis of gravity of offence. chaired by Chairman NAB or Regional Board chaired by DG Region. the prime decisions of authorization/closure of inquiry/ investigation. Decision making process: In the course of enforcement operations and legal proceedings. ECL: At any stage of the case.

Prosecution: Prosecution is one of the most vital and integral Division along with Operation Division (Ops Div) that operate like two wheels of chariot under NAO. The PGA shall give advice to the Chairman upon such legal matters and perform such other duties of a legal character as may be referred or assigned to him by the Chairman and in the performance of his duties. The PGA shall hold independent office on whole time basis and shall not hold any other office concurrently. as PGA. the baton is passed to Prosecution for legal vetting of investigation report and filing of Reference in the Accountability Court subject to prior approval of the Chairman NAB. 1999 for logical conclusion of cases. The President of Pakistan. may appoint any person. The PGA shall not be removed from office except on the grounds of removal of a Judge of Supreme Court of Pakistan. an independent office of Prosecutor General Accountability (PGA) has been established within NAB under section 8 of NAO. 10 . in consultation with the Chairman. 1999. To ensure transparency and neutrality of the investigation of cases and filing of references. The PGA shall hold office for a non-extendable period of three years. who is qualified to be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court. After thorough investigation of the cases by the Ops Div.

NAB’s participation in the International Anti-Corruption Organizations and Initiatives a) United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) b) International Association of Anti Corruption Authorities (IAACA) c) ADB – OECD Anti Corruption Initiative For Asia and the Pacific d) Asia Pacific Group on Money-Laundering (APG) e) OIC Anti Corruption and Enhancing Integrity Forum (ACEIF) f) International Anti Corruption Conference (IACC) g) ECO Regional Centre for Cooperation of Anti-Corruption Agencies and Ombudsmen (RCCACO) 11 .

These Country Review Reports are under process in UNODC Secretariat Vienna. COUNTRY REVIEW Under United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) Pakistan and Qatar are involved in Country Review of Kazakistan. Country Review of Pakistan has been conducted by Norway and Solomon Island. 12 . Similarly Pakistan and Indonesia are involved in Country Review of Kyrgystan. Austria. The report is also under process in UNODC Secretariat Vienna.

Overview During the year 2015 the Bureau’s agenda was focused on fighting corruption in all its manifestations through implementation of its three pronged strategy i. Similarly in 2015 845 inquiries were authorized as compared to 887 inquiries in 2014 on investigation side 452 investigation were authorized in 2015 as compared to 226 investigation in 2014. Prosecution. 13 . To succeed in attainment of the strategy. Awareness and Prevention. 293 References have were filed while 733 References are under process. In the year 2015. worked hard and were able to achieve good results. Enforcement. During the year 2015 a total of 30004 complaints including the backlog of 8x complaints as compared to 18818 in 2014 were received. NAB employees led by its Chairman. All the 30004 complaints were processed and not a single complaint remained under process by closing of the year.e.

Pakistan secured 29 points out of 100 and stood at 126th position out of 193 countries. As per Transparency International (Berlin) Report on Corruption Perception Index (CPI) for the year 2014 Pakistan got the best position ever since the first CPI was publicized in 1995. 14 . when it got 28 points and standing at 127th position. in terms of corruption. Evidently. as compared to the preceding year i. Pakistan again improved its position as per Transparency International Report on corruption perception index (CPI) for the year 2015 from 126 to 117 which further boosts the dedication of NAB toward eradication of corruption from the Country.e. 2013.International Reports Pakistan is improving its position amongst the International community. As many as 42% of Pakistanis have shown their trust and confidence in NAB as compare to 30% for Police and 29% of other Government Office and other Departments. PILDAT survey has placed NAB as the most trustworthy of Government Departments.