You are on page 1of 19

It is simply say that Low literacy and employment rates and widespread social stigma are making

disabled people among the most excluded in India society. It is called disability. € In other words we say that which person are not able to do every thing like other person it is also called disability.
€

€ € € € € € € € €

Definitions Socio-economic profile Attitudes to disability and disabled people Education Employment Health Social security Institutions and policies Accessibility

Types of Disabilities
Seeing Speech Hearing Movement Mental Total

Number of Disabled
10634881 1640868 1261722 6105477 2263821 21906769 48.55 7.49 5.76 27.87 10.33 100.00

Percentage

Source: Census of India 2001

€

The number of people with disabilities in India is substantial and likely to grow - disability does not ´go awayµ as countries get richer People with disabilities in India are subject to deprivation in many dimensions of their lives. Social attitudes and stigma play an important role in limiting the opportunities of disabled people for full participation in social and economic life, often even within their own families. India has one of the more progressive disability policy frameworks in the developing world. However, there remain huge challenges in operationalizing the policy framework

€

€

€

€

Increasing the status and social and economic participation of people with disabilities would have positive effects on everyone, not just disabled people. India has a vibrant and growing disability rights movement and NGO/DPO and civil society involvement in service delivery for people with disabilities. While there is a long way to go, focusing on ´getting the basics rightµ on disability policy would allow for significant progress in the foreseeable future.

€

€

€

´India is in the process of transforming itself into a developed nation by 2020, yet we have 350 million people who need literacy and many more who have to acquire employable skills to meet the needs of emerging modern India and the globeµ A. P.J. Kalam

€

PWD Act, 1995 National Policy on Persons with Disabilities, 2005 Ratification of UN Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Oct. 2007) State Policies starting (e.g. Chhattisgarh) Sector-specific policies emerging ² e.g. National Action Plan for Inclusion in Education of Children and Youth with Disabilities ² 2005/06

€

€

€

€

€

Government also do something for physical handicapped

*Institute for the Physically Handicapped, New Delhi. * National Institute of Visually Handicapped, Dehradun * National Institute for Orthopaedically Handicapped, Kolkata * National Institute for Mentally Handicapped, Secunderabad. * National Institute for Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai * National Institute of Rehabilitation Training & Research, Cuttack. * National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities, Chennai.

€ € € € € € € € €

DNI ² September 2009 Issue High Court asked Delhi government to send children with disabilities to school Cochlear to launch technologies for hearing impaired National Convention of State Viklang Manchas organised by HRLN Hearing impaired girl wins legal battle against Gujarat Technological University New website to help disabled people find a match Appoint special teachers for disabled children: HC to govt Kendriya Vidyalaya students with dyslexia say schools don't understand them Central Railways fined 49 passengers for travelling in compartments for disabled people

€ € € € € € € € € € €

Bachelor's programme in sign language introduced by IGNOU Government shows apathy for the needs of disabled children Disability activists fight for wheelchair access inside Jagannath Temple PM unhappy with scheme for disabled people 'Disability Act should conform to UN model' Bollywood begin to embrace disability characters in movies Books at doorstep: Project for disabled people and senior citizens kicked off CIC launches new disabled friendly complaint website Ravenshaw University to start department of disability studies Banks pocketing funds meant for disabled people Rehabilitation University for Disabled People inaugurated

€ € € € € € € € €

Disabled people protest seat reservation in the Railways Fill up teaching posts for special education course: GDN Online CAT poses new test for disabled people SC wants 3% job quota for people with disabilities Delhi HC directs Centre to amend its insurance rules for disabled people Activists pitch for rights of disabled people ahead of assembly elections Patna station to be developed as disabled²friendly Good response to special coach for disabled people on long distance trains Railways to run battery²operated cars at stations for disabled people

Dimensions of Disability in India € Kishor Bhanushali
€
Assistant Professor- Economics Mahatma Gandhi Labour Institute Ahmedabad The problem of disability is gaining more and more importance all over the world. The planners of India very well understand the significance of the problem. The government of India and also state governments have framed various policies for persons with physical disabilities: reservation jobs, concession facilities in traveling, special training institutions etc. At the same time there is a network of NGOs working for the development of persons with physical disabilities. The present paper aims analyzing various dimensions of disability in India. The author to understand various dimension of disability in India analyzes disability data collected by Census of India 2001. Present paper aim at analyzing the dimension of disability as reported by Census of India 2001. The first part of the paper deals with the definitional aspects of disability in India. The second part deals with various dimensions of disability, and part three with disability and work. Conclusions of the paper are given in final part of the paper.

€

€

€

€ € €

Writer: Shibu Thomas Newspaper: The Times of India Issue: June 2006
¾ A division bench of justices R M Lodha and A

S Bagga expressed concern that the children had lost an academic year due to school·s indifference.

€

MUMBAI MIRROR - TUESDAY, MARCH 13, 2007 ´The stark reality is that despite government rules that require schools to ensure that children with learning disabilities get help in schools, barely 20% of educational institutions are aware of the problem,µ says Dr Samir Dalwai, pediatrician and child psychologist who conducted the survey along with child psychologist Dr Deepti Kanade.